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CIBSE & SoPHE CPD Technical Evening

The phasing out of BS 6700 & A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

By: - Chris Northey


Head of Public Health Engineering, BDSP Partnership Chairman of the Society of Public Health Engineers (SoPHE),

27th November 2012

A review of the requirements of BS EN 806 Contents


Introduction The withdrawal of BS 6700 The introduction of BS EN 806 The introduction of BS 8558 Overall Summary & Conclusions

A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Introduction

A review of the requirements of BS EN 806


Introduction
Designers should already be well aware of all the requirements of BS 6700 However, there is a need to comply with the requirements of BS EN 806 Up until recently BS 6700 was still an active document This is important now as this is no longer the case & BS 6700 has now been withdrawn It is therefore now necessary to fully comply with BS EN 806 This presentation will summarise the main requirements of these new design standards
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A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

The withdrawal of BS 6700

The withdrawal of BS 6700


In the area of Domestic Water Supply, BS 6700 was the lead document until such time as BS EN 806-5 was published BS EN 806-5 was published in February 2012 at which point 6700 was withdrawn Thus BS 8558 (2011) then became the lead document The content of BS 8558 (2011) was taken from BS 6700 (2006) + A1 (2009), which has now been withdrawn following the publication of all parts of BS EN 806 5 parts in total

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption 5 Parts as follows: 806-1 (2000) : Part 1 General 806-2 (2005) : Part 2 Design 806-3 (2006) : Part 3 Pipe sizing Simplified method 806-4 (2010) : Part 4 Installation 806-5 (2012) : Part 5 Operation & maintenance
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A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Part 1 (2000) General

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (1) Scope Covers the system of pipes, fittings & connected appliances installed for supplying potable water (2) Normative references Relevant ENs & ISOs

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (3) Objectives The main objectives are to ensure that: - the deterioration in water quality within the installation is avoided - the required flow of water & pressure is available at the draw off points & appliances, e.g. washing machines & water heaters - the potable water meets the standards for; physical chemical & microbiological quality at the draw-off points
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (3) Objectives The main objectives are to ensure that: - all parts of the installation do not cause danger to health & do not damage property within calculated lifetimes - the maintenance of the installation meets the functional requirements at all times during the lifetime of the system - sound levels are kept to a practicable minimum - contamination of the public water supply, undue consumption, leakage & misuse is avoided
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (4) Competence & duties for design, construction & operation (4.1) Designer The design shall be carried out by competent persons, e.g. persons with relevant experience, qualifications, knowledge of regulations & safety requirements (4.2) Installer The work for construction, alteration & maintenance shall be carried out by competent installers in accordance with qualifications required by national or local regulations
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (5) Terms & definitions There are 43 terms & definitions described; some examples Include: Potable Water shall be suitable for human consumption & conform with the relevant regulations based on ECC directives. The water may also be used for washing, cooking & sanitary appliances (at temperatures up to 95C to allow for malfunctions)
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (6) Graphic symbols & abbreviations Described under Table 1 Graphic symbols & abbreviations A number of examples are provided for: Water pipes Joints & coupling connections General purpose valves Outlet taps & related devices Protection units Safety devices Water conditioning units
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 1 General (2000)
Contents (6) Graphic symbols & abbreviations Described under Table 1 Graphic symbols & abbreviations A number of examples are provided for: Appliances with rotating parts Appliances without rotating parts Measuring & controlling devices Actuators Cisterns & water heaters Fire fighting devices Miscellaneous symbols

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A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Part 2 (2005) Design

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (1) Scope This document gives recommendations, and specifies requirements, on the design of potable water installations within buildings, & for pipework outside buildings but within premises (refer to BS EN 806-1) & applies to new installations, alterations & repairs (2) Normative references Relevant ENs & ISOs
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (3) General requirements 3.1 Water supply Document applies irrespective of the water being supplied by a statutory water supplier or from a private supply 3.2 Basic concepts General : For design & construction of a potable water installation 2 types of installation are considered: Installation type A : Closed potable water installations Installation type B : Vented potable water installations
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (3) General requirements 3.2 Basic concepts The potable water installation shall be designed to: a) avoid waste, undue consumption, misuse & contamination; b) avoid excessive velocity, low flow rates & stagnant areas; c) enable water supply to all individual water outlets, taking into consideration pressure, flow rate, water temperature & use of building; d) avoid the trapping of air during filling & the formation of air locks during operation of the building;

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (3) General requirements 3.2 Basic concepts The potable water installation shall be designed to: e) not cause danger or inconvenience to persons & domestic animals nor endanger buildings or their contents; f) avoid damage (e.g. scaling, corrosion & degradation) & to prevent the water quality being affected by local environment g) facilitate access & maintenance operations of appliances; h) avoid cross-connections i) minimise the generation of noise

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (3) General requirements Water & energy conservation - The designer shall consider the water usage & energy demands of an installation & seek to minimise these Materials, components & appliances - All pipes & joints of a PW system shall be designed for a service life of 50 years at a temperature of 20C & a design pressure of 10 bar
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (3) General requirements Water flow rates - Design flow rates from outlets are given in BS EN 806 -3 Operating Temperature - 30 s after opening a draw-off fitting the temp. should not exceed 25C for cold water draw-off points & should be not less than 60C for central HWS unless otherwise specified by local or national regulations (4) Private water supplies
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (5) Acceptable materials The following factors shall be taken into account in selecting materials used in a water system: effect on water quality vibrations, stresses or settlement internal water pressure internal & external temperatures internal & external corrosion compatibility of different materials ageing, fatigue, durability & other mechanical factors Permeation Note: Lead pipes & fittings shall not be used
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (6) Components Stop valves, expansion joints & hoses (7) Pipework inside buildings Isolation, positioning, surface mounting & backflow protection (8) Cold potable water Services 8.1 Potable water taps No potable water tap shall be installed at the end of a long pipe from which only small volumes of water are drawn or water is drawn infrequently 8.2 Differentiation & identification of pipes & components 8.3 Supply & distributing pipes A servicing valve shall be fitted upstream of & as close as practicable to every float-operated valve
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (8) Cold potable water Services 8.4 Electrical isolators 8.5 Additional requirements for vented cold water systems (9) Hot water systems 9.1 General .. the prevention of growth of legionella bacteria national or local regulations shall apply 9.2 Components 9.3 Taps & mixing valves 9.4 Surface temperatures .. storage vessels shall be insulated to promote max. economy of fuel & water 9.5 Connections between cold & hot water pipes 9.6 Additional requirements for vented hot water systems
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (10) Prevention of bursting 10.1 General Safety units, safety valves, temperature & pressure relief valves, expansion valves, etc, should be accessible 10.2 Energy control Temperature & pressure relief valves & safety units shall be located directly on the storage vessel, sensing the stored water temperature to ensure the water does not exceed 95C, except where national or local regulations apply; No valves shall be fitted between the temperature and pressure relief valve & the vessel
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (10) Prevention of bursting 10.3 Pressure Control Safety units, safety valves, temperature & pressure relief valves, expansion valves, etc, should be accessible 10.4 Expansion water An expansion valve shall be located on the cold feed upstream of the heater & no isolating valves shall be fitted between the expansion valve and the heater
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (11) Guidelines for water meter installations 11.1 General 11.2 Selection 11.3 Location accessibility 11.4 Risk of freezing

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (12) Water conditioning 12.1 General 12.2 Basic requirements 12.3 Water conditioning processes (13) Acoustics 13.1 General 13.2 Pipework 13.3 Components

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (14) Protection of systems against temperatures external to pipes, fittings & appliances 14.1 Freezing Location of pipes, fittings & appliances 14.2 Heat gain adequately protected by insulation/clearance 14.3 condensation CWS pipework to be adequately protected (15) Boosting 15.1 General 15.2 Design principles 15.3 Pressure boosters determination of the pressure zones
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (16) Pressure reducing valves 16.1 General examples of where PRVs may be required; 16.2 Installation (17) Combined drinking water & fire fighting services 17.1 General 17.2 Design responsibilities of designers, installers & operators, H&S, service pipes, direct connection to the main + connection to potable water installation
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (18) Prevention of corrosion damage 18.1 General minimise risk of corrosion 18.2 Selection of materials designer to review water analysis data 18.3 Design designer to choose all appropriate products 18.4 Water conditioning risk of corrosion to be considered 18.5 Storage & assembly installer to ensure adequate procedures are put in place on site 18.6 Jointing designer to select method of jointing to align with manufacturers recommendations 18.7 Corrosion protection of outside surfaces several points listed with this document
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (19) Additional requirements for vented cold & hot water systems 19.1 Cold water services storage cisterns supplying water for domestic purposes shall: fitted with a rigid, close fitting & securely fixed cover, which is airtight but excludes light & insects Insulated against heat & frost Provided with warning & overflow pipes, as appropriate, which are arranged to exclude insects

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (19) Additional requirements for vented cold & hot water systems 19.1 Capacity of storage cisterns: in determining the total capacity of cold water storage for a premise it is important to considerPrevention of stagnation Requirements of appliances and water fittings, particularly where interruptions can cause damage to the property or cause inconvenience to the user

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005) (19) Additional requirements for vented cold & hot water systems
Table 6 Recommended minimum storage of cold water for domestic purposes (hot & cold outlets) (used as guidance only) (Note: Previous BS 6700 figures) Type of building or occupation Hostel Hotel Office premises: with canteen facilities without canteen facilities Restaurant Day school Nursery or primary Secondary or technical Boarding school Childrens home or residential nursery Nurses home Nursing or convalescent home Minimum storage (l) 90 per bed space 200 per bed space 45 per employee 40 per employee 7 per meal 15 per pupil 20 per pupil 90 per pupil 135 per bed space 120 per bed space 135 per bed space (90) (200) (45) (40) (7) (15) (20) (90) (135) (120) (135) 35

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005) (19) Additional requirements for vented cold & hot water systems
o Capacity of storage cisterns The water supplier should be consulted before finalising cistern capacity to hotels, hostels, office premises, schools & other substantial establishments For dwellings a max. capacity of 80 l per person, a larger capacity based on 130 l per person would normally be appropriate refilling normally takes place only during the night hours o Materials o Support o Positioning o Water inlet control devices o Outlets from cisterns o Larger cisterns 36 o Warning & overflow pipes

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents (19) Additional requirements for vented cold & hot water systems 19. 2 Hot water services General principles Vented system Direct & indirect heated systems Double feed vented primary circuits Single feed primary circuits Cold feed pipe Open vent pipe
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents Annex A (informative) List of acceptable materials A.1 Copper & copper alloys A.2 Ferrous materials A.3 Ductile cast iron A.4 Plastics

Annex B (informative) Aspects for water conditioning B.1 Corrosion B.2 Scaling B.3 Suspended matter B.4 Mechanical filtration B.5 Chemical dosing

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 2 Design (2005)
Contents Annex B (informative) Aspects for water conditioning B.6 Softening by ion exchange B.7 Nitrate removal by ion exchange B.8 Electrolytic processes B.9 Neutralisation - Hardening B.10 Disinfection by ultraviolet radiation B.11 Reverse osmosis & other membrane processes B.12 Active media

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A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Part 3 (2006) Pipe sizing Simplified method `

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 3 Pipe sizing Simplified method (2006)
Contents (1) Scope (2) Normative references (3) Terms, symbols & units (4) & (5) Principles of pipe sizing calculations simplified method In most buildings the simplified method can be applied This method is equally used for cold & hot water pipes Detailed calculations: The designer is free to use a nationally approved detailed calculation method for pipe sizing (see Annex C) (BS 6700 which is now superseded !!!) Hot water return pipes cannot be sized using this method. National or manufacturers recommendations should be used
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 3 Pipe sizing Simplified method (2006)
Contents (4) & (5) Principles of pipe sizing calculations simplified method Loading Units : 1 (LU) = flow rate of 0.1 l/s Table 2 Draw off flow rates(QA). Min flow rates Qmin and LU draw off points
Draw-off point WHB, Bi, WC Sink, W/M, D/W, SH Urinal flush valve Bath domestic Taps/garden/garage Non domestic sink & bath Flush valve QA (l/s) 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.5 Qmin (l/s) 0.1 0.15 0.15 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.0 Loading Units 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (-) 4 (10) 5 (3) 8 (-) 15 (-)
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 3 Pipe sizing Simplified method (2006)
Contents (4) & (5) Principles of pipe sizing calculations simplified method Table 3 LU for determination of pipe diameters Different tables for different materials Hot-dip galvanised steel Copper Stainless steel PE-X PB PP PVC-C PEX/ALPE-HD resp. PE-MD/AL/PE-HD

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 3 Pipe sizing Simplified method (2006)
Contents (6) Special-installations Special-installations are installations, which do not fulfil the conditions for standard-installations or if the building has measurements, which highly exceed the average Pipes for special installations shall be sized by nationally approved detailed calculations (see Annex C) Annex A - Example for determination of pipe sizes for standardinstallations Annex B Design flow rates in relation to total flow rates Annex C List of national pipe sizing methods (note: only lists BS 6700 44 which is now withdrawn!)

A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Part 4 (2010) Installation

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 4 Installation (2010)
Contents (1) Scope (2) Normative references (3) Terms, symbols & units (4) Work on site handling of materials, bending pipes, jointing of pipes (5) Dissimilar metals combination of pipes & fittings/valves made of different materials + Flow direction-rule, i.e. galvanised steel shall be installed upstream of copper, also copper & galvanised steel products shall not be used in the same drinking water circulation system (6) Commissioning - test procedures outlined, flushing of pipework, disinfection
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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 4 Installation (2010)
Contents Annex A - Pipe system material specifications, jointing procedures & pipe installation for different types of materials Annex B - Calculation & compensation for thermal effects of pipes Annex C Recommended maximum spacings of fixings for metal pipes

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A review of the requirements of BS EN 806

Part 5 (2012) Operation & maintenance

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The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 5 Operation & maintenance (2012)
Contents (1) Scope (2) Normative references (3) Terms & definitions (4) General Installations shall be operated & maintained to avoid adversely affecting the quality of the potable water, the supply to the consumers & the equipment of the water supplier (5) Documentation O&M manuals required (6) Operation e.g. All spare parts shall be readily available & fit for purpose. Original manufacturers spare parts are preferred (7) Interruptions to operation & disconnection Installations, which will not be operated within 7 days of their completion or are out of service for more than 7 days, shall either be shut off at the supply stop valve & 49 drained or the water shall be flushed regularly

The introduction of BS EN 806


BS EN 806 : Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption Part 5 Operation & maintenance (2012)
Contents (8) Resumption of supply After interruptions to the operation, it is usually sufficient for the individual draw-off fittings to be fully opened for a short period (approx 5 min) to allow stagnant water to run off (9) Damage & faults Change in water quality, insufficient water supply & noise emission (10) Alterations, extensions & refurbishment (11) Accessibility of installation components (12) Maintenance Inspection: The system shall be visually checked on a regular basis Annex A - Frequencies for inspection & maintenance of components for water installations Annex B - Inspection & maintenance procedures Annex C - Inspection & maintenance procedures for water conditioning devices

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A review of the requirements of BS 8558

Guide to the design, installation, testing & maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use within buildings & their curtilages : 2011 Complementary guide to BS EN 806

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The introduction of BS 8558


Guide to the design, installation, testing & maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use within buildings & their curtilages : 2011 Complementary guide to BS EN 806 This document provides additional supplementary design guidance and information to all of the suite of BS EN 806 Parts 1 to 5 This documents is focused on British Standards relevant to the main core elements of BS EN 806 (1-5) This document resembles some of the formatting and structure as the now withdrawn BS 6700 but reflecting the overall requirements of BS EN 806 (1-5)

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Overall Summary & Conclusions

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Implications of system design


- Considerate design in terms of Architectural Space Planning &

Good Public Health Engineering Design, should ensure the risk of contamination (Legionella) is minimised, by primarily: - Omission of dead legs to remote appliances, etc - Maintaining CWS below 25C - Maintaining HWS above 55C - LU values have been revised (reduced) than those originally within BS 6700 thus should reduce the risk of over-sizing of pipework - Cold water storage tank sizing should be selected on known occupancy levels and period of operation - Hot water calorifier sizing should be selected on known occupancy levels and period of operation
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Implications of system design


- The design process is an integral part of the overall risk

reduction process in terms of water quality, as well as the installation and maintenance work activities - Poor or inadequate design can lead to problems occurring after the building has been constructed and occupied. The buildings maintenance staff would ultimately be left with problems relating to controlling such issues as legionella, etc - Designers face a real challenge in order to reduce the risk of of problems like legionella. The task has never been more crucial & will continue to be an issue! - Design is only the beginning of the process & the new standards will be a part of addressing these issues!
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End of Presentation

Thank you for your attention this afternoon

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