Anda di halaman 1dari 35

I. II.

INTRODUCTION EFFECT AND APPLICATION OF LAWS NCC 1 - 18 A. When law takes effect NCC 2 Revised Administrative Code (RAC) Secs. 18-24 Exec. Order 200, Sec. 2 Taada v. Tuvera 136 SCRA 27 Commissioner v Hypermix, G.R. No. 179579, February 1, 2012 B. Ignorance of the law NCC 3 KASILAG VS. RODRIGUEZ, 69 PHIL 217 Elegado v. Court of Appeals, 173 SCRA 285 C. Retroactivity of laws NCC 4, cf. NCC 2252 - 2269 Revised Penal Code (RPC) 22 Family Code (FC) 256 U.P. v Dizon, GR 18112, August 23, 2012 PERT.CPM v Vinuya, GR 197528, Sept. 5, 2012 D. Mandatory or Prohibitory Laws - NCC Art. 5 with NCC Art. 17 (3) Nerwin v PNOC, G.R. No. 167057, April 11, 2012 E. Waiver of rights NCC Art. 6; NCC Art. 2035 DM Consunji vs. CA, G.R. No. 137873, April 20, 2001 Villareal v People, G.R.No.151258, February1, 2011 Sec.

F. Repeal of laws NCC 7; cf. 1987 Constitution, Art. XVIII 3; FC 254, 255 Thornton vs. Thornton, Aug. 16, 2004 Kida v Senate, G.R. No. 196271, February 28, 2012 G. Judicial Decisions NCC 8 De Castro v JBC, G. R. No. 191002, April 20, 2010 Virtucio v Alegarbes, G.R. No. 187451, August 29, 2012

H. Duty to render judgment NCC 9, 10; RPC 5 Alonzo v Padua, 150 SCRA 379 Barcellano v Barza, GR 165287, September 14, 2011 I. Presumption and Applicability of Custom NCC 11 - 12 1

cf. 1987 Constitution, Art. XII Sec. 5; Rules of Court Rule 129 (2), Martinez v. Van Buskirk, 18 Phil. 79 J. Legal periods NCC 13; cf. Rules of Court (ROC) Rule 22 RAC Sec. 31 Internal Revenue v Primetown, GR 162155, August 28, 2007 Montajes v People, G.R. No. 183449, March 12, 2012 K. Applicability of Penal Laws L. NCC 14, 17(3), RPC Art. 2

(3)

Binding effect NCC 15; cf. FC 26 par. 2 Tenchavez v. Escao 15 SCRA 355 Tuna Processing Inc. v Phil. Kingford, 185582, Feb. 29, 2012 NCC 16 Amos v Bellis, 20 SCRA 358 NCC 17 Raytheon v Rouzie, GR 162894, February 26, 2008 NCC 18 Zamoranos v People, G.R. No. 193902, June 1, 2011

CHAPTER II Maria

Read the cases discussed in the book of Atty. Sta.

III. PERSONS & PERSONALITY A. The concept of a person and personality Classes of persons and their distinctions Elements of civil capacity Juridical capacity v. personality Juridical capacity v. capacity to act NCC 37 - 39

B. Commencement and termination of personality 1. Natural Persons (a) Birth - NCC 40 41; 1987 Constitution, Art. II Sec. 12 P.D. 603 [Child and Youth Welfare Code], Art. 5; FC 164 RPC Arts. 256 - 259 Geluz v. CA 2 SCRA 801 De Jesus v. Syquia 58 Phil 866 (b) Death NCC 42 2

Limjoco v. Intestate Estate of Pio Fragante 80 Phil 776 Marcos v. Manglapus, G.R. No. 88211. Oct. 27, 1989 NCC 43; ROC Rule 131 Sec. 3 (jj) - (kk) (1989 Rev. Rules on Evidence) Joaquin v. Navarro 93 Phil 257 2. Juridical Persons Secs. 2, 4, 17; NCC 1767-1768 NCC 44-47; Batas Pambansa Blg. 68 (Corp. Code),

C. Restrictions on civil capacity 1. Presumption of capacity, Art. 37 NCC Catalan vs. Basa, G.R. No. 159567, July 31, 2007 2. Restrictions on capacity to act NCC 1327 (a) Minority NCC 38 - 39, cf.

1. Age of majority, R.A. 6809 2. A.M. NO. 03-02-05-SC Rules on Guardianship 3. Suffrage, Sec. 1 Art. V 1987 Constitution [cf. Sangguniang Kabataan] 4. Marriage, FC 5; 45 (1); cf. R.A. 6809 5. Contracts NCC 1327 ; NCC 1390 (par. 1), 1403 (par. 3) ; NCC 1397, 1399 ; NCC 1489; NCC 1426 - 1427 Mercado v. Espiritu 37 Phil 215 Braganza v. Villa-Abrille 105 Phil 456 6. Criminal liability RPC 12 (2) - (3); RPC 13 (2); PD 603 Secs. 189 204; Also see: Rule 3, Section 5 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure; Juvenile Justice Law, Secs 6 and 7 Atizado vs People, GR No. 173822, October 13, 2010 (b) Insanity 1. Marriage, FC 45 (2) 2. Contracts, NCC 1327 (1), 1328 3. Criminal liability, RPC 12 (1); Rule 101, Rules of Court US v. Vaguilar, 27 Phil 88 Oropesa v Oropesa, GR 184528, April 25, 2012 (c) Deaf-Mutism, NCC 1327 (2), 807 & 820 (d) Prodigality, ROC Rule 92 Sec. 2 3

(e) Civil Interdiction, RPC 31, 34, 41 Jalosjos v COMELEC, G.R. No. 193237, October 9, 2012 (f) Family Relations - FC 150-151; cf. FC 87, 37, 38; NCC 1490; NCC 2035; cf. NCC 963-967 (g) Alienage, cf. Art. IV, Secs. 1-5, 1987 Constitution Cordora vs COMELEC, February 19, 2009 (h) Absence, NCC 381 396, FC 41 Olaguer v Purugganan, GR 158907, February 12, 2007
(i) Insolvency and Trusteeship, NCC 1381, 1491, 2236

Umale v ASB Realty, GR 181126, June 15, 2011


(j) Gender, Art. II, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution; cf. NCC 403

See also: Rule 3 Section 4, 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure


(k) Physical Incapacity/Disease, FC 45(5), 45(6), 46, NCC 820

D. Domicile and residence of persons 1. Juridical persons, NCC 51 2. Natural persons NCC 50 ; FC 68-69, cf. NCC 110 cf. FC 55, 101, 149, 152, 101 Jalosjos v COMELEC, GR 191970, April 24, 2012

IV. INTRODUCTION TO THE FAMILY CODE A. Effect and Retroactivity - E.O. 29, as amended by E.O. 227, R.A. 7610; FC 256, cf. FC 36 in rel. to 39, FC 105, FC 162, FC 257 Lupo Atienza v. Judge Brilliantes, 243 SCRA 32 Bernabe vs. Alejo, 374 SCRA 180 Fuentes vs. Roca, G.R. No. 178902, April 21, 2010 B. Repeal/Amendment V. FC 254, 255 R.A. 6809,

MARRIAGE & PERSONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN SPOUSES 12, 1987

A. The concept of marriage - FC 1 cf. NCC 52, FC 149; Art II Sec. Constitution; Art. XV Sec. 2, 1987 Constitution

B. Nature of marriage in Philippine law - FC 1; cf. Rule 131 Sec. 3 Rules on Evidence; NCC 220; Muslim Code, (P.D. 1083) Sec. 14 Goitia vs Campos-Rueda, 35 Phils 252 Sermonia v Republic, 233 SCRA 155 People v De La Cruz, G.R. No.187683, February 11, 2010 C. Agreements prior to marriage 1. Stipulations in marriage FC 1 cf. NCC 221

(aa),

1989

Espinosa v Atty. Omana, A.C. No. 9081, October 12, 2011 2. Breach of promise to marry 2(c); MC 22 NCC 19 - 21; NCC 2176; NCC 1403

Hermosisima v. CA 109 Phil 629 Abanag v Mabute, AM P-11-2922, April 4, 2011 D. Requisites for a valid marriage Mariategui v. CA 205 SCRA 337 Makati Shangri-La v Harper, GR 189998, August 29, 2012 1. Kinds of requisites & effects of non-compliance FC 2-3; FC 4; FC 5; FC 35; FC 45 cf. NCC 53 RPC 350-351 De Mijares vs Villaluz, 274 SCRA 1 2. Essential requisites (a) Legal Capacity (i) Gender, FC 2 ( 1) cf. FC 148 Silverio vs Republic, October 22, 2007 (ii). Age FC 5; FC 35 (1); R.A. 6809 cf. FC 21 NCC 54 & 80 (1) RPC 344 cf. DOJ Opinion 145 S.1991 (Oct. 1991) (iii) Absence of impediment, FC 5, 35 Garcia vs. Recio, 365 SCRA 437 Nollora v People, GR 191425, September 7, 2011 5

3. Parental consent

FC 14; FC 45 (1)

4. Consent freely given by both spouses a). Mistake as to identity FC 35 (5); NCC 86 (1) (b). Effect of insanity FC 45 (2)

(c). Effect of fraud, FC 45 (3); FC 46, NCC 1338 1344 Anaya vs Palaroan, Nov. 26, 1970 (d). Effect of force, intimidation and undue influence, FC 45 (4); NCC 1335 1337 Villanueva vs CA, 505 Scra 564 (e). Effect of physical incapacity/impotence, FC 45 (5) Jimenez v. Caizares 109 Phil 27 Alcazar v Alcazar, G.R. No. 174451, October 13, 2009 (f) Effect of affliction with STD, FC 45 (6); 46 (3) 5. Formal Requisites (a) Marriage license Republic v. CA, 236 SCRA 257 Abbas vs Abbas, G.R. No. 183896, January 30, 2013 1. Where to apply, FC 9 - 10 2. Requirements for issuance a. application, FC 11 b. proof of capacity, FC 12-14; FC 21 cf. NCC 84 cf. DOJ Opinion 50 S. 1991 (April 30, 1991) DOJ Opinion 146 S. 1991 (Oct. 17, 1991) c. parental advice, FC 15 d. marriage counseling, FC 16 e. publication, FC 17 f. investigation of impediments, FC 18 g. payment of fees, FC 19 h. family planning certificate, P.D. 965 3. Place where valid, FC 20 4. Period of validity, FC 20 6

5. Duties of the Civil Registrar, FC 24-25 Alcantara vs Alcantara, GR No. 167746, Aug. 28, 2007 6. marriages exempt from license requirement - FC 27-34, cf. NCC 76, Nial vs. Bayadog, G.R. 133778, Mar. 14, 2000 De Castro vs. De Castro, G.R. 160172, February 13, (b) Authority of the solemnizing officer 1. Who are authorized FC 7, 10, 31 & 32; NCC 56, 74, 76; R.A. 7160 (1991 Local Government Code), Secs. 444(b)(1)(xviii), 445 (b)(1)(xviii) Aranes vs Occiano, 380 SCRA 402 Navarro v. Domagtoy S.C. A.M. MTJ-96-1088, July 19, 1996 2. How authorized FC 7 (2) cf. NCC 92-96 Villar v. Paraiso 96 Phil 659 3. Effect of absence of authority FC 4; FC 35 (2) RPC 352 cf. Tenchavez v. Escao, 15 SCRA 355 at page 360 4. Duties of the solemnizing officer, FC 23-24 5. Effect of irregularity, FC 4 P.D. 1083

2008

(c) Marriage Ceremony 1. form of ceremony, FC 3 (3); FC 6 cf. FC 33, FC 8 Martinez v. Tan 12 Phil 731 COMPARE TO: Morigo v People, G.R. No. 145226. February 06, 2004 2. Place for ceremony, FC 8; FC 28-29; FC 32-33 3. Issuance of marriage certificate, FC 6; FC 22, 23 Madridejo v. De Leon 55 Phil 1 Shangri-La vs Harper, GR 189998, August 29, 2012 E. Law governing validity of marriages abroad 1. General rule in contracts (a) As to form, NCC 17 (1) and (2) (b) As to substantive requirements, NCC 15 & 17 (3) 7

2. Special rule in marriage (a) lex loci celebrationis, FC 26; FC 21, FC 10 Yao Kee v. Sy-Gonzales, 167 SCRA 786 Republic vs. Orbecido III, G.R. No. 154380, October 5, 2005 (b) Exceptions FC 26 in relation to FC 35(1), 35(4), 35(5) and (6), 36, 37 & 38; cf. NCC 71 DOJ Opinion No. 11 S. 1990 (Jan. 17, 1990) F. Common-law marriages/ live-in relationships FC 147, cf. RPC 350 FC 148 (adulterous) Rule 131 Sec. 3 (aa) (cc), 1989 Rules on Evidence cf. NCC 220 FC 26 par. 1 NCC Book II, Title III (484-501) Lesaca v. Lesaca, 91 Phil 135 Estrada v Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651, August 4, 2003 G. Void Marriages General rule, FC 4 1. Kinds of void marriages (a) Absence of requisites - FC 35 cf. FC 234, RA 6809 Alcantara v Alcantara, GR NO. 1677446, Aug. 18, 2007 So v Valera, GR 150677, June 5, 2009 Republic v Dayot, G.R. No. 175581, March 28, 2008 Abbas vs Abbas, G.R. No. 183896, January 30, 2013 (b) Bigamous and polygamous marriages 39, 40, 41, 44; RPC 344, 349 FC 35(4),

Mercado vs Tan, 337 SCRA 122 Tenebro vs. CA, G.R. No. 150758. February 18, 2004 (read concurring of Justice Vitug and dissent of Justice Carpio) Teves v People, GR 188775, August 24, 2011 Montanez vs Cipriano, GR 181089, October 22, 2012 (c) Subsequent marriage, upon reappearance of absent spouse FC 41 in relation to FC 42-44 NCC 390-391, FC 55 (9), FC 101 8

Jones v. Hortiguela 64 Phil 179 Republic vs. Nolasco, 220 SCRA 20, March 17, 1993 SSS vs Jarque, G.R. No. 165545, March 24, 2006 Procedure Republic v Granada, GR No. 187512, June 13, 2012 (d) Bad faith of both spouses, under FC 44 (e) Psychological incapacity under FC 36 68-73; R.A. 8533 FC 36, 39,

Santos v. CA 240 SCRA 20 Chi Ming Tsoi v. CA G.R. No. 119190, Jan. 16, 1997
Republic v Molina, G.R. No. 108763 February 13, 1997

Marcos vs. Marcos, 343 SCRA 755, October 19, 2000 Antonio vs.Reyes, G.R. No. 155800, Mar. 10,2005 Halili v Halili, GR 165424, June 9, 2009 (Motion for Recon) Camacho-Reyes v Reyes, G.R. No. 185286, August 18, 2010 Kalaw v Fernandez, GR 166357, September 19, 2011 Mendoza v Republic, GR 157854, November 12, 2012 Republic vs Encelan, G.R. No. 170022, Jan. 9, 2013 (f) Incestuous marriages, FC 37 cf. NCC 963-967 (g) Marriages against public policy FC 38, compare FC 38(6) with NCC 80(6) RPC 246 NCC 80(7), 82 NCC 963-967 (h) Non-compliance under FC 53, 52 Sec. 21, 22 and 23, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003 2. Who can invoke nullity, FC 36, FC 39, FC 40 Sec. 2, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003 Nial vs. Bayadog, G.R. 133778, Mar. 14, 2000 Catalan vs. Court of Appeals, 514 SCRA 607, February 6, 2007 9

Enrico vs. Heirs of Sps. Medinaceli, G.R. No. 173614, September 28, 2007 Carlos s. Sandoval, GR 179922, December 16, 2008 Ablaza v Republic, G.R. No. 158298, August 11, 2010 3. When to file action for declaration of nullity FC 39 in relation to FC 255, 256 FC 42, par. 2 4. Procedure in actions for declaration of nullity a. Requisite for valid remarriage, see VII (E)(10)(b) above b. Safeguards against collusion, FC 48 Malcampo Sin vs. Sin, 355 SCRA 285 Ancheta vs Ancheta, 424 SCRA 725 Republic v CA, G.R. No. 159594, November 12, 2012

c. No confession of judgment, FC 48; cf. NCC 2035 d. A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003 Jocson v. Robles 22 SCRA 521 Tolentino v. Villanueva 56 SCRA 1 e. Participation of the OSG Mendoza v Republic, GR 157854, November 12, 2012 f. No Motion to Dismiss Aurelio v Aurelio, G.R. No. 175367, June 6, 2011 5. Effects of pendency of action for declaration of nullity - Art. 49, 198, 50 (2) 6. Effects of res judicata Mallion vs Alcantara, 506 SCRA 336

7. Effects of final judgment declaring nullity 10

(a) In general, FC 50-54, 198, 213 but see FC 147-148 (b) On remarriage, FC 40, 41 Wiegel v. Sempio-Diy, 143 SCRA 499 (1986) Bobis vs. Bobis, G.R. No. 138509, July 31, 2000 Ty vs CA, 346 SCRA 327 Montanez v Cipriano, GR 181089, Oct. 22, 2012 (c) On rights & obligations between the former spouses (d) On the property regime of the marriage FC 147-148 Valdes v. QC-RTC, G.R. No. 122749, July 31, 1996 Dino v Dino, GR 178044, January 19, 2011 Cabreza v Cabreza, G.R. No. 181962, January 16, 2012 (e) On legitimes of the common children FC 50-53, FC 51 in rel to NCC 886, 888; FC 176 NCC 908, 1061 Sec. 21, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003 COMPARE TO: FC 147 (f) On the status and custody of children, FC 54, 213 (g) On use of surnames, NCC Art. 371, 364, 369 Yasin vs Shari'a, G.R. No.94986 February 23, 1995 B. M. NO. 1625 -JOSEPHINE P. UY-TIMOSA Remo v DFA, March 2010 (h) On hereditary rights, FC 43, 50, 54 (i) Effect of death, Art. 103, 130 Heirs of Go v Servacio, GR 157537, Sept. 7, 2011 H. Voidable Marriages 1. Void v. voidable marriages, FC 4 cf. 45 11

Weigel vs. Sempio-Dy 143 SCRA 499 Terre vs. Terre 211 SCRA 6 2. Grounds for annulment (a) Absence of parental consent, FC 4, 5, 14, 45(1), 47(1), 35 (1), cf R.A. 6809 Moe v. Dinkins, 533 F.Supp. 623 (1981), 669 F.2d 67 (1982) (b) Insanity, FC 45(2), 47(2), NCC Art. 1149 Katipunan v Tenorio, 38 OG 172, 1937

(c) Fraud - FC 45(3), 46, 47(3) Hernandez vs. Court of Appeals, December 08, 1999 NCC 1338-1344 Buccat v. Buccat 72 Phil 49 Almelor vs. RTC, G.R. No. 179620, August 26, 2008 (d) Force, intimidation and undue influence FC 45(4), 47(4) NCC 1335-1337 RPC 344, last paragraph Ruiz v Atienza, 40 O.G. 1903 (1941) (e) Physical incapacity/impotence FC 45(5), 47(5)

Jimenez v. Caizares 109 Phil 273 Alcazar vs Alcazar, GR 174451, October 13, 2009 (f) Affliction with STD, FC (45(6), compare with FC 46(3), 47(5) 3. Who can seek annulment, FC 47, Sec. 3, AM No. 02-11-10-SC, March 4, 2003 4. When to seek annulment. FC 47, NCC 1149 5. Procedure in actions for annulment, see VII(E)(13)(b)-(d) FC Art. 48, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003 Barcelona vs. CA, G. R. 130087, Sept. 24, 2003 12

6. Effects of pendency of action for annulment FC 49, 198, 213 A.M No. 02-11-12-SC. March 4, 2003 7. Effects of annulment, FC 50-54, 43, 102, 129, 213 (a) In general Chan-Tan v Chan, G.R. No. 167139, February 25, 2010 (b) On remarriage, FC Art. 40 (c) On rights & obligations between the former spouses, 198 (d) On the property regime of the marriage FC 50, FC 43(2) cf. FC 102(4), 129, 138 Buenaventura v CA, G.R. No. 127358. March 31, 2005 Quiao v Quiao, G. R. No. 183622, July 4, 2012 (e) On presumptive legitimes/hereditary rights FC 50-53, 43 (2), FC 51 in rel to NCC 886, 888; FC 176 NCC 908, 1061 FC 102 (5) and (6), 129 (8) and (9) Yu v Reyes-Carpio, GR 189207, June 15, 2011 (f) On the status and custody of children, FC 54, 213 (g) On use of surnames, NCC Art. 371, 364, 369 Yasin vs Shari'a, G.R. No.94986 February 23, 1995 I. Marriage when one spouse is absent FC 41-44, compare with NCC 83, 85(2) and 87(2) cf. RPC 349 SSS vs. De Bailon, G.R. No. 165545, March 24, 2006 Valdez v Republic, G.R. No. 180863, September 8, 2009 J. Marriages dissolved by a foreign judgment NCC 15, 17 (3) FC 26 (2) Arca vs Javier, July 31, 1954 Somera v. Pilapil, 174 SCRA 663 Llorente vs CA, 345 SCRA 592 Corpus v Sto Tomas, G.R. No. 186571, August 11, 2010 Llave v Republic, G.R. No. 169766, March 30, 2011 13

K. Marriages giving rise to criminal liability Art. 4, Art. 16, Art. 41 NCC 84, RPC 351-352, FC 167-169 People v De Guzman, GR 185843, March 3, 2010 R.A. 6955, An Act to Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals R.A. 9208, Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, as amended by RA 10364

VI.

THE LAW ON SEPARATION OF THE SPOUSES A. Concepts of separation & divorce Benedicto v. De la Rama 3 Phil 34 1. Separation in fact, FC 238-248, 101(3) Villanueva v Chiong, GR 159889, June 5, 2008 2. Agreements to separate, FC 1, NCC 221 (1) Espinosa v Omana, A.C. No. 9081, October, 12, 2011 3. Absolute divorce (a) Divorce under the Family Code - FC 26, paragraph 2 Gorayeb v Hashim, 50 Phil. 22 Somera v. Pilapil, 174 SCRA 663 (b) Divorce under the Muslim Code, MC 45-55 Llave v Republic, G.R. No. 169766, March 30, 2011 B. Concept of legal separation, compare with NCC 97 1. Grounds for legal separation Art. 55 FC, RA 9262 A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC. March 4, 2003 (a) Sexual infidelity or perversion FC 55(8); NCC 36; RPC 333 & 334; RPC 247 Kalaw v Fernandez, GR 166357, September 19, 2011 Republic v Quintos, GR 159594, November 12, 2012 (b) Drug addiction, habitual alcoholism, lesbianism or homosexuality FCC 55 (5) and (6) compare with FC 46(4) 14

Almelor v RTC, GR No. 179620, Aug. 26, 2008 Campos v Campos, A.M. No. MTJ-10-1761, Feb. 08, 2012 (c) Attempt on the life of the other spouse FC 55(9), compare with NCC 97(2) Rep. Act 9262 (d) Abandonment FC Art. 55 (10) FC 101 par. 3, compare with separation in fact Republic v Quintos, GR 159594, November 12, 2012 (e) Other grounds FC 55 (1) Goitia vs Campos-Rueda, 35 Phils 252 Kalaw v Fernandez, GR 166357, September 19, 2011 2. Who can ask for legal separation FC 55, compare with NCC 99 3. When may petition be filed FC 57, compare with NCC 102, NCC 99 Lapuz v. Eufemio 43 SCRA 177 Matubis v. Praxedes, 109 Phil 789 People v. Zapata 88 Phil 688

4. Court procedure in legal separation - FC 58-60; Sec 19, RA 9262; A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC. March 4, 2003 Araneta vs Concepcion, 99 Phil 709 Pacete v. Cariaga, 231 SCRA 321 5. Effect of pendency of the petition, FC 61-62 (a) cooling-off period, FC 58 (b) right of consortium, FC 61 par. 1 (c) administration of property, FC 61 par. 2 De la Via v. Villareal 41 Phil 13 Sabalones v. CA 230 SCRA 79

(d) Support and custody pendente lite 15

FC 62 cf. FC 49, FC 198 Yangco v. Rhode, 1 Phil 404 Lerma v. CA 61 SCRA 440 6. Defenses in actions for legal separation FC Art. 56 (a) Consent - FC 56(2); NCC 100 People v. Sansano 50 Phil 73 People v. Schneckenberger 73 Phil 413 (b) Condonation - FC 56(1) Ginez v. Bugayong 100 Phil 616 (c) Recrimination FC 56(4) Brown v. Yambao 102 Phil 168 Ong vs Ong, G.R. No. 153206, October 23, 2006 (d) Collusion/Mutual Consent FC 60 FC 56(3), (5), compare with NCC 101 and 221(3) Ocampo v. Florenciano 107 Phil 35 Republic v CA, November 12, 2012

7. Effects of decree of legal separation (a) On personal relations, FC 63 (b) On the custody of children FC 63(3); FC 213 NCC 106(3) P.D. 603 (CYWC) Art. 17 par. 3 Matute v. Macadaeg, 99 Phil 340, May 30, 1956 (c) On property relations FC 63(2), FC 64, FC Art. 102 (4), 129 (7) Quiao v Quiao, G. R. No. 183622, July 4, 2012 (d) On support, FC 198 (e) On the use of surname, NCC 372 Laperal v. Republic 116 Phil 672 16

(f) On hereditary rights, FC 63(4) (g) Solo Parents Act RA 8972 8. Reconciliation, FC 65-67 9. Effect of death of one of the parties Macadangdang vs. CA 108 SCRA 314

VII. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF SPOUSES cf. NCC 113-114 A. Obligation to love each other, FC 68 B. Obligation to live with the other spouse 1. General rule and exceptions FC 68 71; FC 72 Art. 100; 127; 101 NCC 921 (4) RPC 11 (2) RPC 247 Republic v Molina, G.R. No. 108763 February 13, 1997 Arroyo v. Vasques-Arroyo 42 Phil 54 Ilusorio vs. Bildner, G.R. No. 139789. May 12, 2000. 2. Designation of domicile (a) General rule: jointly FC 69 par. 1, compare with NCC 110 Abella v. COMELEC, 201 SCRA 335 De la Via v. Villareal, 41 Phil 13 at pp. 16-21 (b) Exception, FC 69 par. 2

C. Joint management of family life FC 71, 94 (last par.), 121 (last par.), 122, 146 D. Joint Obligation to Support FC 70, 194, 94 (1), 94 (last par.), 121, 122 (1), 146 SSS v De los Santos, G.R. No. 164790, August 29, 2008 17

Calderon vs Roxas, G.R. No. 185595, Jan. 09, 2013 E. The right to exercise a profession or calling FC 73, compare with NCC 117 FC Art. 94 (2), (3); FC Art. 121 (2), (3) Art. II Sec. 14 and Art. XIII Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution cf. NCC 113 compare with ROC Rule 3 Sec. 4 cf. R.A. 7192, An Act Promoting the Integration of Women as Full & Equal Partners of Men in Development and Nation Building cf. R.A. 8187, An Act Granting Paternity Leave... RA 9710, Magna Carta of Women F. Related rights/obligations Republic v Molina, G.R. No. 108763 February 13, 1997 Yasin v. Shariah Court 241 SCRA (1995) G. Enforcement of Rights of Women and Children Republic Act No. 9262 Anti-Violence Against Women and Children Sharica Mari Go Tan vs Spouses Tan, GR No. 168852, Sept. 2008 San Diego vs RTC, G.R. No. 193960, Jan. 07, 2013 30,

VIII. PROPERTY RELATIONS OF THE SPOUSES A. Requisites for validity of marriage settlements FC Art. 75; 130 (3); 103 (3) 1. Prior to marriage: modifications FC 1; FC 76 (modifications after marriage) FC 66, 67, 128, 135, 136 Pana vs. Heirs of Juanite, Sr., G.R. No. 164201, December 10, 2012

18

2. Form & registration requirement, FC 77, NCC 1357, 1358, NCC 709 3. Celebration of the marriage, FC 81 cf. Art. 86 (1) B. Parties to a marriage settlement (a) minors, FC 78, 14, 211, 225 (b) persons under civil interdiction, NCC Art. 38, 39, FC 79, RPC 34, FC 135 (1) (c) incapacitated persons, FC 79, in rel. to NCC 38-39 C. Which law governs property relations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Stipulation in marriage settlements, FC 80 If both Filipinos Mixed marriage between Filipino and alien If both aliens For property located outside RP FC 80 (2) and (3) in rel. to NCC 16 FC 80 (3) in rel. To NCC 17 (1)

D.

Donations propter nuptias 1. Definition, FC 82 Solis v Solis, 53 Phil 912 [1928] Abobon v Abobon, G.R. No. 155830, August 15, 2012 2. Form of Donations, FC Art. 83, NCC Arts. 748-749 Valencia v Loquiao, GR 122134, October 3, 2003 Doronio v Heirs, G.R. No. 169454, December 27, 2007 3. Who may be donors FC Art 82, 83, 84 4. What may be donated by a spouse as donor (a) present property, FC 84, 1070, 720 (b) future property, FC 84; NCC 761 Mateo vs Lagua, 29 SCRA 864 (c) encumbered property, FC 85 (d) donations in the marriage settlements, FC 81 5. Void donations by the spouses, FC 87 (a) Donations during the marriage 19

Ching v Goyanko, GR 165879, November 10, 2006 (b) Donations in common law marriages Matabuena v. Cervantes 38 SCRA 284 Probate v De Jesus, G.R. No. 168733. March 27, 2006 Dycaico v SSS, G.R. No. 161357. June 6, 2006 Ching v Goyanko, GR 165879, November 10, 2006 6. Revocation of donations propter nuptias, FC 81, 86(1) (a) revocation by donor, FC 86; NCC 765; FC Art. 50; 43 (3) (b) by operation of law, FC 44; 61; 43 (3) E. Absolute community of property (ACP) 1. When applicable, FC 75, 103 (3); 130 (3); 92 (3) 2. Commencement, FC 88 3. Waiver during marriage, FC 89 (1) cf NCC 168 4. Waiver after marriage, FC 89 par. 2 5. Suppletory rules: Co-ownership, FC 90; of NCC 484-501 6. What constitutes ACP, FC 91 (a) (b) (c) (d) All property at time of marriage Property acquired subsequently Winnings from gambling, FC 95 cf NCC 164 Presumption of ACP, FC 93 of NCC 160

Muller v Muller, G.R. No. 149615, August 29, 2006 Beumer v Amores, GR 195670, December 3, 2012 7. What is excluded from ACP, FC 92; Note: FC 142 Abrenica v Abrenica, G.R. No. 180572, June 18, 2012 8. Charges upon ACP, FC 94 20

Luzon Surety Co., Inc. vs De Garcia, 30 SCRA 111 G-Tractors, Inc., vs CA, 135 SCRA 192 (a) Family expenses cf. FC 100 (3), FC 121(5) and FC 94 (1), (4), (5) Francisco v Gonzales, G.R. No. 177667, September 17, 2008 (b) Debts of spouses, Art. 94 (2) and (3) (c) Subsidiary liabilities, Art. 94 (9) Buado vs. CA, G.R. No. 145222, April 24, 2009 (d) Sole obligations of a spouse, Art. 94 (e) Gambling losses, FC 95 (f) Other charges, Art. 94 9. Ownership, FC 90, FC 96 in rel. to NCC 206 10. Administration and enjoyment of ACP (a) joint administration, FC 96; FC 90 Yu Bun Guan vs Ong, 36 SCRA 559 Dar v Legasto, G.R. No. 143016, August 30, 2000

(b) Sole administration (1) incapacity, FC 96 (2) no court order Uy vs. CA, 346 SCRA 246 (2) separation in fact FC 100 (3), 142 with court order, of separate property (3) abandonment, FC 101 with court order (5) pendency of legal separation proceeding, FC 61 with court order (c) Disposition and encumbrance, FC 96-98 Matthews vs. Taylor, GR 164584, June 22, 2009 11. Effect of separation de facto, FC 100; 101; cf. FC 239 12. Effect of abandonment, FC 101, FC 72, 239 13. Causes for dissolution of ACP, FC 99 (a) Death, FC 103 cf. Rule 73 Sec. 12 ROC Heirs of Go v Servacio, GR 157537, Sept. 7, 2011 21

(b) Legal separation, FC 63(2); FC 66 (c) Annulment and declaration of nullity, FC 50 in rel. to FC 43 (2), 147, 148 (d) Judicial separation of property, FC 134-138 Ugalde v Ysasi, GR 130623, February 29, 2008 14. Effects of dissolution (a) Liquidation procedure, FC 102 (b) For cause other than death, FC 43 (2); FC 63(2); 147; 148 (c) Termination due to death, FC 103 Dino v Dino, GR 178044, January 19, 2011 Yu v Reyes-Carpio, GR 189207, June 15, 2011 15. For marriages before FC, FC 104 cf Art. 103 (3) Delizo v. Delizo, 69 SCRA 216 16. Support during ACP liquidation

F. Conjugal partnership of gains Belcodero v. CA 227 SCRA 303 Orpiano vs Tomas, G.R. No. 178611, Jan. 14, 2013 1. When CPG commences and applies (a) Marriages under FC, FC 107 cf. FC 88, FC 89 (b) Marriages before FC, FC 105(2) of FC 256 Castro vs. Miat, 397 SCRA 271 (c) When applicable, FC 105 of FC 74-76, 107, 88, 89 (d) Suppletory rules, FC 108 cf. NCC 1767-1768

2. What is included in the CPG, FC Art. 106, 117, 115, 118, 119, 120 Imani vs. Metrobank, G.R. No. 187023, Nov. 17, 2010. Dewara v Lamela, GR 179010, April 11, 2011 3. What is excluded from CPG, FC 109 (a) Brought as exclusive property, FC 109(1) Laperal v. Katigbak, 10 SCRA 493 Francisco v CA, G.R. No. 102330, Nov. 25, 1998

22

(b) Acquired by gratuitous title during marriage, FC 109 (2) cf FC 113, FC 114, FC 115, NCC 1015 Veloso v. Martinez, 28 Phil 255 Berciles v. GSIS,128 SCRA 53, cf. FC 115 (c) Acquired by redemption/exchange, FC 109(3), NCC 1601, 1619 Plata v. Yatco, 12 SCRA 718 (d) Purchased with exclusive money, FC 109(4); of FC 118-119 (e) Properties of parents Laurena vs CA, GR 159220, September 22, 2008

4. Administration of exclusive property (a) By the spouse-owner, FC 110 (b) By the other spouse, FC 110(2); FC 142, 75, 227 Manotok Realty v. CA, 149 SCRA 372 Ong vs CA, 204 SCRA 297 5. Encumbrance/disposition of exclusive property FC 111-112, of FC 236, amended by RA 6809 Wong et al. v. IAC 200 SCRA 792 6. What constitutes CPG (a) Definition, FC 106 (b) Presumption of CPG, FC 116 De La Pena v Avila, G.R. No. 187490, Feb. 8, 2012 ( c) What are included in CPG, FC 117, 115, 118, 119, 120 Villanueva vs CA, 427 SCRA 439 Aguete v PNB, GR 170166, April 6, 2011 (d) If property bought by installments, FC Art. 118 Jovellanos v CA, G.R. No. 100728 June 18, 1992 Tarrosa vs. De Leon, GR 185063, July 23, 2009 (e) Credits due, FC 119 (f) Improvements on CPG property, FC 120 23

Munoz, Jr. v Ramirez, GR 156125, August 25, 2010 7. Charges upon and obligations of CPG, FC 121, 122 Ayala vs CA, 286 SCRA 272 Ando v Campo, GR 184007, February 16, 2011 (a) With consent G-Tractors v. CA, 135 SCRA 192 Security Bank vs. Mar Tiera Corp., G.R. No. 143382, Nov. 29, 2006 (b) Without consent Costuna vs. Domondon, 180 SCRA 333 Fuentes v Roca, GR No. 178902, April 21, 2010

(c) personal debts, FC 122, RPC 108 People v. Lagrimas, 29 SCRA 153 Pana vs. Heirs of Juanite, Sr., G.R. No. 164201, December 10, 2012 (d) winnings from gambling, FC 123 8. Ownership, administration and enjoyment (a) Joint administration, FC 124 cf. FC 96, 142 Alinas vs Alinas, GR No. 158040, April 14, 2008 Aggabao vs. Parulan, G.R. No. 165803, Sept. 1, 2010 (b) Sole administration (1) Incapacity, FC 124, 127, 253 Uy vs. CA, 346 SCRA 246 (2) Separation in fact, FC 100 (3), 127(3) (3) Abandonment, FC 101, 128 (4) Pendency of legal separation proceedings, FC 61 Sabalones v. CA 230 SCRA 79 (c) Disposition and encumbrance, FC 124-125; FC 97, 121 Fuentes vs. Roca, G.R. No. 178902, April 21, 2010 Aguete v PNB, GR 170166, April 6, 2011 Flores v Lindo, GR 183984, April 13, 2011 24

9. Effect of separation de facto, FC 127, FC 100 cf. FC 239 10. Effect of abandonment, FC 128 cf. FC 101 Partosa-Jo v. CA 216 SCRA 693 11. Dissolution of CPG, FC 126 (a) Death, FC 126 (1), 130 Heirs of Go v Servacio, GR 157537, Sept. 7, 2011 (b) Legal separation, FC 63 (2), FC 66 (c) Annulment and declaration of nullity, FC 50 in rel. to FC 43 (2) (d) Judicial separation of property, FC 134-138 Ugalde v Ysasi, GR 130623, February 29, 2008

12. Effects of dissolution, FC 129 Tarrosa vs De Leon, GR 185063, July 23, 2009 Cabreza v Cabreza, GR 171260, September 11, 2009 Cabreza v Cabreza, GR 181962, January 16, 2012 (a) Liquidation procedure, FC 129 Quiao v Quiao, G. R. No. 183622, July 4, 2012 (b) Cause other than death, FC 129; FC 43(2), FC 63(2) (c) termination due to death; FC 130, cf. FC 104 13. For marriages before FC, FC 131 14. Applicability of Rules of Court, FC 132 15. Support during CPG liquidation, FC 133 Santero v. CFI, 153 SCRA 728 G. Regime of separation of property 1. When applicable (a) In the marriage settlements, FC 143-146 (b) When mandatory, FC 103 & FC 130 (c) Reconciliation in legal separation, FC 66(2) (d) Judicial separation of property, FC 135-146 2. Property covered, FC 144 25

3. Administration (a) By the owner-spouse, FC 145 (b) By the other spouse, FC 142, 101 (c) FC 100 (3); 101 4. Family expenses, FC 146 5. Conveyances between the spouses, FC 87, NCC 1490

H. Judicial separation of property 1. When possible, FC 134 Maquilan vs Maquilan, June 8, 2007 2. For sufficient cause, FC 135, RPC 34, cf. FC 55 (10); 229(4), 231, 232 Ugalde v Ysasi, GR 130623, February 29, 2008 Sales v Sales, GR 174803, July 13, 2009 3. Voluntary separation of property, FC 136, FC 74-75, FC 134 4. Effects of judicial separation of property (a) (b) (c) (d) liquidation of CPG or ACP, FC 137 par. 1 support pendente lite, FC 137 par. 2 regime after JSP, FC 138 of FC 66 (2) binding effect on third parties, FC 139-140; of FC 66(2)

5. Revival of property regime after JSP, FC 141 cf. FC 67, 135, 142 6. Transfer of administration of exclusive property, FC 142 FC 96; FC 124 I. Property regime of unions without marriage Review: FC 6, 35 (2), 35 (3), 35 (5), 36, 38, 53; FC 41, 44; FC 45 (Void and voidable marriages) 1. Unions under FC 147, 6, 35, 36, 53, cf. NCC 144 Valdes v. QC RTC, G.R. No. 122749, July 31, 1996 Carino vs. Carino, GR 132539, February 3, 2001 26

Dio v Dio, GR 178004, January 19, 2011 2. Unions under FC 148 of FC 50 in rel. to FC 49(2) and FC 50, 37, 38, and 44 Borromeo vs Descallar, GR No. 159310, Feb. 24, 2009 Lacbayan v Samoy, G.R. No. 165427, March 21, 2011 (see J. Brions Separate Opinion)

IX.

FAMILY RELATIONS 12

A. What governs family relations, FC 149, Constitution Art. II, Sec. and Art. XV B. Effects of family relationship on legal disputes FC 150 - 151 NCC 2035 ROC Rule 16 Sec. 1(j) RPC 20, 247 and 332 Wainwright v. Versoza, 26 SCRA 78 Magbaleta vs Gonong, 76 SCRA 511 Hiyas Savings vs. Acua, G.R. NO. 154132, August 31, 2006 C. The family home 1. What constitutes the family home, FC 152, 156, 161 2. Who may constitute the family home, FC 152, FC 161 3. When deemed constituted, FC 153 3. When terminated, FC 153 compare with FC 159 Arriola v Arriola, GR 177703, January 28, 2008 5. Beneficiaries, FC 154, 158, 194-196, 199 Patricio vs. Dario, G.R. No. 170829, November 20, 2006 6. Exemptions, FC 155, FC 157, FC 160 7. When may be sold, FC 158 Honrado v CA, GR 166333, Nov. 25, 2005 Cabang vs Basay, GR No. 180587, March 20, 2009

27

Fortaleza v Lapitan, GR 178288, August 15, 2012 8. Rights of creditors, FC 160-162 Equitable v OJ Mark, G.R. No. 165950, August 11, 2010
De Mesa v Acero, G.R. No. 185064, January 16, 2012

X.

PATERNITY AND FILIATION A. Concepts of paternity, filiation and legitimacy, FC 163

B. Legitimate children, FC 164 cf. FC 165 in rel to NCC 256-257, 167, 168, 169 Angeles vs Maglaya, 469 SCRA 363 Suntay v Suntay, GR 183053, October 10, 2012

166,

1. Who are considered legitimate children (a) Conceived during marriage cf. ROC Rule 131 Sec. 3(dd), FC Art. 168 1. valid marriage Arbolario v CA, G.R. No. 129163, April 22, 2003 Continental Steel v Montano, Oct. 13, 2009 2. terminated marriage under FC 42 in rel. to FC 43(1) 3. void marriages under FC 54 4. voidable marriages, FC 45 Suntay v Suntay, GR 132524, Dec. 29, 1998 (b) Born during marriage, FC 164 (c) Conceived by artificial insemination cf. NCC 40, FC 164 (d) Adopted children, RA 8552, Sec. 17 Rivera v Ramirez, GR 189697, June 27, 2012 (e) Legitimated children, 177, 178 2. Rights of legitimate children, FC 173-174 NCC 364, 374, 376 28

NCC 888, NCC 979 Moore v. Republic, 8 SCRA 282 Rep. vs CA, 300 SCRA 138 C. Illegitimate children 1. Who are considered illegitimate (a) under NCC (b) under FC 165 Uy v Chua, G.R. No. 183965, September 18, 2009 2. Rights of illegitimate children, FC 173, 172, 175-176 Osmea de Valencia v. Rodriguez, 84 Phil 222 Manungas v Loreto, GR 193161, August 22, 2011 Gotardo v Buling, GR 165166, August 15, 2012 D. Action to impugn legitimacy Reyes vs. Mauricio, G.R. No. 175080, November 24, 2010 1. Grounds, FC 166 (a) Physical impossibility of access Andal v. Macaraig, 89 Phil 165 Concepcion vs. CA, G.R. No. 123450, Aug. 31, 2005 (b) Biological or other scientific grounds A.M. No. 06-11-5-SC (RULE ON DNA Evidence) FC 170, 171 Estate v. Diaz, G.R. No. 171713, Dec. 17, 2007 Lucas v Lucas, GR No. 190710, June 6, 2011 (c.) FC 166(3) 2. Effect of a mothers declaration, FC 167 Chua Keng Giap v. IAC, 158 SCRA 18 3. In subsequent marriages, FC 168, 169 People v Quitoriano, January 20, 1997 29

4. Presumptions, FC 170, 171 5. Prescription of action to impugn legitimacy Gaspay v. CA, 238 SCRA 163 6. Who may impugn Liyao, Jr. vs. Tanhoti-Liyao, 378 SCRA 563 Republic v Magpayo, GR 189476, Feb. 2, 2011 E. Proof of Filiation 1. Of legitimate children, FC 172-173 Heirs of Conti v CA, G.R. No. 118464, December 21, 1998 De Jesus vs. Estate of Juan Gamboa Dizon, 366 SCRA 49 2. Of illegitimate children, FC 175 Dela Cruz , et al vs. Gracia, G.R. No. 177728, July 31, 2009 Perla v Baring, GR 172471, November 12, 2012 3. Rights of illegitimate children, FC 176 4. Compulsory recognition, cf. RPC 345 People v Abella, G.R. No. 177295, January 6, 2010 F. Legitimated Children 1. who may be legitimated, FC 177, RA 9858 Abadilla vs Tabiliran, 249 SCRA 447 2. How legitimation takes place, FC 178, FC 180 3. Retroactivity and effects, FC 180-181 4. Action to impugn legitimation, FC 182 5. Rights of legitimated children, FC 179

XI.

ADOPTION Lazatin v. Campos, 92 SCRA 250 Cervantes v. Fajardo, 169 SCRA 575

30

R.A. 8552 (Domestic Adoption Law) A.M. No. 02-6-02-S.C. (Aug. 22, 2002)

A. Requisites to be an adopter 1. Age and capacity required Sec. 7 2. Husband and wife jointly Sec. 7 Michelle Lim, GR 168992, May 21, 2009 3. Need for consent Sec. 9 Landingin vs. RP, G.R. No. 164948, June 27, 2006 4. Aliens as adopters Sec. 7 (b) Republic v. Toledano, 233 SCRA 9 R.A. 8043, The Law on Inter-Country Adoption A.M. No. 02-6-02-S.C. (Aug. 22, 2002) B. Who may not adopt, Sec. 7 C. Who may be adopted, Sec. 8 D. Who may not be adopted E. Effect of death, Sec. 13 F. Procedure in adoption Republic Act No. 9253, March 12, 2009 - AN ACT REQUIRING CERTIFICATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT (DSWD) TO DECLARE A "CHILD LEGALLY AVAILABLE FOR ADOPTION" AS A PREREQUISITE FOR ADOPTION PROCEEDINGS G. Effects of a decree of adoption 1. On status 2. On parental authority, Tamargo v. CA, 209 SCRA 518 Cervantes v. Fajardo, 169 SCRA 575 31

1. On hereditary rights, Sec. 18; FC 189-190; Art. 39, PD 603, Rule 99, Section 5 See: Balane, Ruben, Jottings in Succession, [2006 ed.] 2. On name In the Matter of Adoption of Stephanie Garcia, 454 SCRA 541 H. Rescission of adoption, Sec. 19 Lahom vs. Sibulo, G.R. No. 143989, July 14, 2003 1. by the adopted 2. by the adopter/s 3. effects of rescission, Sec. 20

XII. SUPPORT A. What comprises support, FC 194 B. Who are obliged to provide support, FC 195, 196 Pelayo v. Lauron, 12 Phil 453 Perla v Baring, GR 172471, November 12, 2012 Calderon vs Roxas, G.R. No. 185595, Jan. 09, 2013 C. Source of support, FC 197-198, cf. FC 49, 70, 94, 121, 122 Lerma v. CA, 61 SCRA 440 Reyes vs Ines-Luciano, 88 SCRA 803 D. Order of support, FC 199, 200, 204 Mangonon vs. CA, G.R. No. 125041, June 30, 2006 Spouses Lim v Lim, G.R. No. 163209, October 30, 2009 E. Manner and time of payment, FC 200-204 F. Amount of support, FC 200-208 Lacson vs. Lacson, G.R.No. 150644, August 28, 2006 G. Renunciation and Termination, NCC 2035; FC 194; NCC 152 H. Support pendente lite, FC 198; Rules of Court, Rule 61 I. Procedure in applications for support, Rule 61 32

XIII. PARENTAL AUTHORITY & CUSTODY OF CHILDREN

A. Concept of parental authority, Art. II, Sec. 12, 1987 Constitution, FC 209, 211, NCC 356-363 Medina vs. Makabali, 27 SCRA 502, March 28, 1969 Unson vs. Navarro, 101 SCRA 183, November 17, 1980 B. Transfer of PA, FC 210 cf. FC 223-224, FC 234, 217 Eslao vs CA, 266 SCRA 317 C. Who exercises PA, FC 211-213 cf. FC 49, 102(6), 43(2), 63(2), 49, 102 (6), 129 (9) Tonog vs. CA, 376 SCRA 642 Briones vs. Miguel, G.R. No. 156343, October 18, 2004 Gualberto vs. Gualberto, G.R. No. 154994. June 28, 2005 D. Substitute PA, FC 214-216, FC 217, 233 Rep. Act No. 10165, Foster Care Act of 2012. Vancil vs Belmes, 358 SCRA 707 E. Special PA FC 218-219, FC 233 cf. FC 221 in rel. to NCC 2180 St. Marys Academy vs. Carpitanos, G.R. No. 143363, February 6, 2002 School of the Holy Spirit vs. Taguiam, GR 165565, July 14, 2008 Aquinas School v Inton, GR 184202, January 26, 2011 176.

F. Filial privilege, FC 215 ROC Rule 130 Sec. 25 cf. Secs. 22 & 23 Lee v CA, GR 177861, July 13, 2010 G. Effects of PA over the childs person, FC 220-222 FC 223-224 Cuadra v. Monfort, 35 SCRA 160 R.A. 7610, The Child Abuse Law H. Effects of PA over the childs property, 33

FC 225-227, RA 9231, Secs. 12-B and 12-C Hebron vs. Loyola, G.R. No. 168960, July 5, 2010 Neri v Heirs, GR 194366, October 10, 2012 I. Suspension or termination of PA 1. permanent termination, FC 228, 232, cf. RA 6809 2. non-permanent termination, FC 229 cf. FC 193 Secs. 16 and 19, RA 8552 re parental authority and revocation of adoption

3. suspension of PA, FC 231-230, 233 Chua v. Cabangbang, 27 SCRA 791 De Guzman vs Perez, 496 SCRA 474 4. revival See: R.A. 8369, An Act Establishing Family Courts, Granting Them Exclusive Original Jurisdiction Over Child and Family Cases. See: R.A. 7610, Child Abuse Act XIV. EMANCIPATION RA 6809 A. Cause of emancipation, FC 234 as amended B. Effect of emancipation, FC 236 as amended cf. FC 15, NCC 2180

XV. SUMMARY JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS UNDER FC Arts. 238-253, 100(2), 127(2), 41, 51, 69, 73, 96, 124, 217, 225 XVI CARE AND EDUCATION OF CHILDREN NCC 356-363 XVII. SURNAMES NCC 364-380 RA 6085 regulating the use of aliases, August 4, 1969 34

RA 9255, FC 176 Change of Name, Wang, G.R. No. 159966.March 30, 2005 Remo v DFA, March 5, 2010 Gonzaludo v People, G.R. No. 150910, February 6, 2006 Dapar v. Biascan, 439 SCRA 179

XVIII.

RULES GOVERNING PERSONS WHO ARE ABSENT NCC 381-383, 384-389, FC 96, 101, 124, NCC 390-396, FC 41 Manuel vs. People, G.R. No. 165842, Nov. 29, 2005 Pantollano v Korphil, GR 169575, March 30, 2011 Rep. v Granada, GR 187512, June 13, 2012

XIX.

FUNERALS NCC 305-310, FC 195, 194 Eugenio v. Velez, 185 SCRA 425

XX.

ENTRIES IN THE CIVIL REGISTER NCC 407-413 ROC, Rule 108 RA 9048, as amended by RA 10172 Zapanta v. Registrar, 237 SCRA 25v Silverio vs. RP, G.R. No. 174689, October 22, 2007 Rep. vs. Cagandahan, , G.R. No. 166676, Sept. 12, Dela Cruz v Gracia, G.R. No. 177728, July 31, 2009 Braza v The Registrar, G.R. No. 181174, December 4, 2009 United Clan v Sabellano, GR 186722, June 18, 2012

2008

35