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SUMMARY STUDI EKSPERIMENTAL PENGARUH KOMPOSISI MFO-MINYAK SOLAR TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KARAKTERISTIK SEMPROTAN DAN PEMBAKARAN
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF MFODIESEL OIL BLENDS TO CHANGE SPRAY AND COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS Created by Cahyadi, Bambang Subject Subject Alt Keyword : : Minyak Solar : Fuel : Minyak Solar; Marine Fuel Oil (MFO); minyak campuran (MFO-minyak solar); Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD)

Description :
Minyak solar merupakan salah satu bahan bakar burner, namun pemakaian minyak solar sebagai bahan bakar kurang ekonomis. Maka dibuat bahan bakar alternatif yang lebih ekonomis sebagai pengganti minyak solar pada burner. Bahan bakar alternatif ini dibuat dari campuran MFO-minyak solar (minyak campuran). Minyak campuran memiliki properties yang berbeda dengan minyak solar. Maka perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh perbedaan properties bahan bakar terhadap karakterisitik semprotan dan pembakaran. Karakteristik semprotan tersebut meliputi diameter droplet rata-rata (SMD) dan sudut semprotan, untuk pembakarannya meliputi temperatur, warna, dan panjang nyala api. Dari penelitian diketahui bahwa bahan bakar alternatif yang dapat menggantikan minyak solar sebagai bahan bakar burner adalah minyak campuran dengan persentase MFO maksimal 40% basis volume. Sauter Mean Diameter MFO 20, MFO 30, dan MFO 40 pada tekanan pompa 11 bar, lebih besar dibandingkan dengan minyak solar bertekanan 9 bar masingmasing sebesar 5%, 15%, dan 25%. Sudut semprotan MFO 20, MFO 30, dan MFO 40 pada tekanan pompa 11 bar, lebih kecil dibandingkan minyak solar bertekanan 9 bar masing-masing sebesar 6%, 12%, dan 27%. Penambahan MFO pada minyak solar mengakibatkan nyala api menjadi lebih panjang.

Description Alt:
High Speed Diesel (HSD) Oil is a fuel used mostly in boiler and dryer combustion. Specification of the HSD is much higher than which is required by the equipments. This research will seek alternative fuel for the equipments by blending the HSD and Marine Fuel Oil (MFO) based on the ASTM D975-4D. The HSD-MFO blends will have different properties

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compared to the HSD. The change of properties will lead to alter the spray and combustion characteristics, such as the mean diameter of droplet, spray cone angle, the flame temperature, flame colour, and flame length. The result of the research is the alternative fuel which can replace the HSD as fuel in the boiler and dryer is the HSD-MFO blend with maximal percentages of MFO is 40% volume bases. The sauter mean diameter of MFO 20, MFO 30, and MFO 40 at the pressure pump of 11 bars are 5%, 15%, and 25% respectivly larger than the HSD at the pressure pump of 9 bars. The spray cone angle of MFO 20, MFO 30, and MFO 40 at the pressure pump of 11 bars are 6%, 12%, and 27% respectivly smaller than the HSD at the pressure pump of 9 bar. In addition burning the HSD-MFO blends produced longer lenght of flame compared to the HSD.

Contributor Date Create Type Format Language Identifier Collection Call Number Source COverage Right

: Prof. Dr. Ir. Djatmiko Ichsani, MEng. : 09/01/2010 : Text : pdf : Indonesian : ITS-Undergraduate-3100009036658 : 3100009036658 : RSM 662.6 Cah s : undergraduate Theses of Mechnaical Engineering, RSM 662.6 Cah s, 2009 : ITS Community Only : Copyright @2009 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library

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