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3

CIP
/ .
2006.12
ISBN 7-81029-637-X
.
.
.
. H195

/ 0086-10-68320122

/ 0086-20-87206866
/

/ 0086-20-85221583

1997 6 1

2006 12 2
787mm1092mm

1/16

2006 12
8.5

1996
48
1224 AB1219976
19991156020002003


http//www.chinaqw.com
http//hwy.jnu.edu.cn


1997

5248
1 2 1

1996

2001

1988

14
12314


116

33

112
5
145

14

5

1997

1986

16


2006628

Preface

Zhongwen (Mandarin Chinese Language) course materials of trial edition were


written for overseas Chinese and their children in 1996 by College of Chinese
Language and Culture, Jinan University, under the commission of Overseas Chinese
Affairs Office of the State Council of Peoples Republic of China. The entire course
materials consist of 48 books, including 12 text books, 24 exercise books (book A and
book B), and 12 teacher s reference books. Publication started in June, 1997 and
completed in November, 1999 with more than 5.6 million copies distributed up to this
day. However, supply was not able to keep up with demand. Between 2000 and 2003,
entrusted by Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council of Peoples Republic
of China, we developed teachers Zhongwen VCD and online edition Chinese Online
(see www.chinaqw.com or http//hwy.jnu.edu.cn ), and arranged a traditional Chinese
character edition. All these products have gained a wide popularity among Chinese
language teachers, students and their parents abroad.
This revision of Zhongwen materials was authorized by Overseas Chinese Affairs
Office of the State Council of P. R. China to College of Chinese Language and Culture
and Education Institute of Chinese Language and Culture, Jinan University. This
revised edition reflects actual needs and characteristics of overseas Chinese language
education and takes in constructive advice from many sides and research findings on
language teaching and textbook studies. The new edition of Zhongwen is now a
collection of 52 books, with additional four books-one Study Pinyin textbook, two
Study Pinyin exercise books and one Study Pinyin teacher s reference book-to the
original 48 books.
The instructional goal of Zhongwen is to enable students to acquire basic
listening, speaking, reading and writing capabilities of Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese)
through a process of learning and training, to expose students to Chinese culture and
lay a solid ground for their further study of Chinese language and culture.
The revision was carried out under the guidelines of Standard of Chinese
Language Level and General Outline of Chinese Grammar (1996) issued by

Department of Testing Affairs of China National Office for Teaching Chinese as a


Foreign Language(NOCFL), General Outline of Chinese Language Level of Glossaries
and Characters(2001) issued by China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test
(HSK), and List of Frequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese (1988) issued
jointly by State Language Commission and Ministry of Education of China. Based on all
above, an effort has been made at enhancing learning experience and development with
a careful choice of characters, words, sentences, and texts. The homework exercise has
been modified and arranged in order of increasing difficulties and advancement. These
improvements are expected to be of enormous benefits to both teachers and students
alike, in improving their Chinese language skills, raising their learning motivation,
stimulating their active thinking and increasing their overall proficiency in the use of
Chinese language. Meanwhile, extensive research was made in the existing Chinese
textbooks that are used overseas which provided much helpful experience to the
revision. The revised edition closely integrates instruction and practice, learning and
application. Creative innovations have been incorporated in the course content, general
arrangements, page design, question format and instructional concepts.
The following is a summary of major changes including reorganization, deletion and
addition of new materials in the revised edition:
1. In light of the shorter term or semester in overseas Chinese schools, the number
of lessons in each book has been reduced from 14 to 12, with a moderate simplification
of the texts. The 12 lessons are now subdivided into four units of three lessons each,
which are followed by a comprehensive exercise. In addition, each book includes a
general exercise. Every text book is attached an alphabetic vocabulary which contains
all the new words in the texts of the book, including singlesyllables and multisyllables.
Each new word is marked with serial number of the text where it belongs.
2. Lessons one to six of Book 1 are designed for character learning. The main texts
are followed by a list of new Chinese characters without words or sentences. Beginning
with Lesson seven in Book 1, the main texts are followed by a list of disyllabic and
multisyllabic words and sentences, in contrast to the monosyllabic words found in the
previous lessons. Some of the main texts are also followed by a list of proper names,
such as, names of people, places and countries.
3. For teaching convenience, a Study Pinyin course book and two Study Pinyin
exercise books are included in the revised edition. Therefore, instructional materials for

pinyin are removed from the 12 textbooks. However, exercises on pinyin are included from
exercise book 5 to above.
4. Pinyin annotations are provided to all the main texts and reading materials in
textbooks one to four. Beginning with Book Five, the application is limited to only new
characters. In general, the annotations are applied character by character, except in the list
of words or expressions and proper names following the main texts, where they are applied
word by word. The characters are normally annotated in their original tone, with the
exception of the neutral tones. Characters generally of light pronunciation, are annotated
with tones when they are stressed.
The characters (yi) and (bu) are annotated in their actual tones
according to the context.
5. In retroflex finals, where the retroflex is unnecessary in written Chinese, the
character or word is not presented in its retroflexed form; and where the retroflex is
necessary, the character(er) is attached, e.g., ,.
6. English translation or explanation is provided for titles of texts and exercises. Proper
names in teachers reference books are also attached with their English equivalents.
7. New strokes or radicals are listed with new characters, with the exception of lessons
for character learning where only strokes are listed, but not radicals. In the classroom
exercise of Learn to write in textbooks one to four, new radicals, components and
characters are presented with their stroke order, and writing directions are noted in red
arrows. In textbooks five and above, new characters in the classroom exercises are not
presented with their stroke order. The stroke order is based on Stroke Order Regulation of
Frequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese , which was issued by the State Language
Commission and the General Administration of Press and Publication of P. R. C. in 1997.
8. For the convenience of teaching and self instruction, lists of new characters, words
and some proper names are added to the reading comprehensions. Their references and
resources are also added to the teachers reference books accordingly.
9. To meet the need of certain students for traditional Chinese characters, the main
text book is attached with a comparative list of new characters in simplified and traditional
forms arranged in alphabetical order, and each new word is marked with serial number of
the text where it belongs. In Book 2 and above, the alphabetical vocabulary list is
accumulative with new words of the previous text books. The traditional characters are
based on the 1986 version of General List of Traditional Chinese Characters issued by

the State Language Commission. Since variant characters listed in Appendix 1 to


General List of Traditional Chinese Characters are no longer used officially, they are
no longer included as traditional characters or variant characters in this edition. The
traditional characters also supplement the revised teachers reference books accordingly.
In addition, text books one to six are attached with character learning cards for
convenience.
10. Practice in communicative functions in Chinese is further enhanced in the
revised edition to improve the communication skills of the students.
We are greatly indebted to Chinese linguists, experts in Chinese language teaching,
overseas Chinese teachers, and researchers of Chinese language that have all generously
provided us very useful advice and suggestions in the revision of this course.
Finally, given the magnitude of this project and the time constraint, it is possible
that certain omissions or errors may be observed. However, we will be very open to any
suggestions and advice from experts, researchers, teachers, students and their parents
on further improvement.

Chief Compiler Jia Yimin


June 28, 2006

Contents

1
TextTraffic Lights

ReadingA Song of Traffic

2
Text Going to the Bookstore

14

ReadingOne and Ten Thousand


3
Text In the Hospital

ReadingA False Alarm



Review 1

16
23
25

4
Text Make a Guess

ReadingMake a Guess
5
Text Who Am I

ReadingGuess Who I Am
6
Text Snow

ReadingBaby White Cloud



Review 2

27
33
34
40
41
47
49

Contents

52

7
Text Two Ancient Poems

57

ReadingContemporary Translation of the Two Ancient Poems


8
Text Why Does the Kettle Lid Move

ReadingLu Ban and the Saw


9
Text Cai Lun Invented the Paper

ReadingAncient Paper

Review 3

59
65
67
73
74

10
Text A Race between the Hare and the Tortoise

ReadingThe Second Round Race between the Hare and the Tortoise
11
Text The Kitten Goes Fishing

ReadingWhite Kitten and Black Kitten


12
Text Wolves Are Coming Soon

ReadingAn Honest Child



Review 4

76
82
84
89
91
97
99

Contents

102
Exercises

105
Alphabetic Vocabulary (Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters)

Alphabetic Glossary

Sentences

Table of Chinese Characters Strokes

Table of Stroke Order

Names of Radicals of the Chinese Characters

Phonetic System of the Chinese Language


107
109
110
111
112
115
118

Alphabetic Vocabulary 1 (Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters)



120
Alphabetic Vocabulary 2 (Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters)

hn l dn

Traffic Lights

ji do kun

ji do chn

ji do jio tn zhn sh mn

ho zi yu le hn l dn

rn li ch wn hn tn chn

d mi mei shu l shu

zu do ji do ku

kn jin hn dn tn yi tn

kn jin l dn zu

Characters
dn

ji

do

kun

jio

tn

mn

wn

mi

tn

Words and expressions


jido

jiotn zhnsh

ddi

mimei

knjin

Sentence
kn jin l dn zu


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

d yi d

Read aloud.

Expand and substitute.

du hu

Dialogue

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

Reading

jio tn

A Song of Traffic
d

kun yu kun


d xio

q ch

u m


y dn yo zu bn m xin

l dn xn

hn dn tn

hun dn lin le

b qin xn

Characters
l

dn

xin

xn

Words and expressions


ml

qch

bnmxin

sh din

Going to the Bookstore

jn

tin xn

q tin

sh din

sh din li

de

r tn sh k zhn du

yu tn hu

shi

r tn hu bo

hi yu hn du zhn

wn k bn

le

bn n

t shn de tn hu

shi kn le

qi

li

b b li jio w

t shu

xin zi sh

r din

le

m m zi ji dn w men ch fn ne

w shu

w hn x hun n

t shn de tn hu shi

i w mi

bn b

b b shu

ho

le qin

w n zhe xn mi de sh

o o

xn xn de zu ch le

sh din

Characters
din

tn

hu

bo


xin

dn

ch

fn

ne

qin

Words and expressions


shdin

rtn

shi

hubo

kbn

qli


xinzi

Proper noun

Antshn

Hans ChristianAndersen

Sentence
w o o xn xn de zu chu le sh din


Exercises in Class

10

Learn to write.

11

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

12

du hu

Dialogue

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2
13

Reading

One and Ten Thousand

yu e

hi

zi

xu xi hn

lo sh xin xi

le

shu

zh sh

lo

sh

ji zhe xi

le

shu

zh sh

lo sh yu xi

le


sn

shu

zh sh

sn

tn do zh

li

zh e


hi

zi

o xn j

le

t rn xi b shu

jn xu hu

xi

le

b yn zi xu

le

le

tin

yu e xn wn de sh shu li

le

zh e

hi

zi shu

sh shu

w hu xi hn

le

sh shu shu

ho

xi

xie w de

mn zi

tn le

m shn


ji

jn

sh fn q

xi

le

u le

fn

hn ji

hi mi yu xi ho

sh shu zu

jn

sh

xin kn kn sh

zn me hu

sh

zh jin t

mn tu

hn

14

bin xi bin shu

du sh

sh shu b ho

wi shn me yo xn wn

ne

w xi

le

zh me ji

ci

xi

le

w bi du hu

Characters
ji

jn

ji

hn

bin

Words and expressions


shshu

shfn


15

zi

y yun li

In the Hospital

w n mo le

b b

m m di w q

y yun kn bn

do le

y yun

h shi i w lin le

t wn

y shn

zu le

jin ch

y shn du b

m m shu

16

n mo le

y zhn

ch

dinr

yo ji

hu ho de

tn

le

y shn de hu

m m du fn xn

le

le qin

le

yo

ji di w q

d zhn

le

zhn

ju de ho

du le

Characters
y

yun

mo

sho

di

bn

sh

lin

wn

zhn

yo

ji

Words and expressions


yyun

nmo

fsho

hshi

ydinr


fnxn

dzhn

Sentence
w q y yun kn bn


17


Exercises in Class

18

Learn to write.

19

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

20

21

du hu

Dialogue

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

22

Reading

A False Alarm

102 44

102


23

102 38.9

Characters
s

tu

sh

Words and expressions


zj

nnu

njn


24

zn h

lin x


Review 1

zho l

zi

xi yi xi

1.

Fill in the blanks after the model.

+
+ +
+

+
+

yi

zi z

+
+
+

c y

2.

Compare and form phrases.

xun c y tin kn

3. (Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.



1

25

3
4
zho l

zi wn chn j zi

4.

Complete the sentences with the given words or

expressions after the model.


l

1
2
3
zho l

zi xi yi xi

5.

Complete the sentences after the model.

26

ci yi ci

Make a Guess
y

dn ln ln

dn ln ln

mi yu b

zi mi yn jin

zh r duo y zhn zu

y bin shu hu y bin tn

wn wn wn

wn wn wn

fi

li fi

q mn zu n

chun hu fn

ci hu m


cn xio

lo dn

27

Characters
ci

yn

jn

zh

du

zu

bin

chun

fn

ci

lo

dn

Words and expressions


bzi

ynjin

rduo

ybin

ybin

lodn

Sentence
y bin shu hu y bin tn

28


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

29

30

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

31

du hu

Dialogue

fn

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

32

Think and answer the following questions.

Reading

Make a Guess
y

yu e

ho pn you

n n

b fn shu

n tn

y tn

zu

y zu

yu sh

lu zi shn yo

yu sh u zi sh sho

yu sh xin e yun pn

yu sh xin b wn do

Characters

fn

lu

sho

do

Words and expressions


fnshu

yush

shnyo shsho


33

w sh shi

Who Am I

n men zh do w sh shi m

ti yn y ch li

w ji bin chn le

zi

tin shn pio li pio q

rn men jio w

yn

zi tin

shn

ln fn y

li

w ji bin chn xio y zh dio xi li

rn men jio w

do le dn tin

w yu bin chn y

rn men jio w

xu


du du xio hu pio xi li

34

w yu sh hou i
h

zi

li shu jio

yu sh hou i

zi

li hun po

yu sh hou i

zi d

hi

li yu chn

rn men y tin du sho b l w

yu tio

ji zh do w sh shi m

Characters
zh

bin

chn

pio

ln

zh

dio

hu

shu

jio

po

tio

Words and expressions


zhdo

chli

rnmen

xili

yushhou

shujio

Sentence
n men zh do w sh shi m

35


Exercises in Class

36

Learn to write.

37

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

38

du hu

Dialogue

39

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

ci ci w sh shi

Reading

Guess Who I Am
w


n qu kn b do w

b zho w

xio co jin w wn yo

hu r

jin w din tu

xio sh jin w zho shu

yn

Characters

qu

yo

zho

Words and expressions


wnyo

zhoshu

40

xu

Snow

dn tin do le

xi qi

le

d xu

mn d bi bi de

xio mo d ki mn

kn ji jio le

qi

xi tn

le

xi tn le


xio u tn jin

le

m shn d

ki mn

shu

du

sh xi yn le

t men zhn le

qi

li

du shu z

sh du de

zh sh

xio t zu uo li shu

n men bi zhn le

41

sh tn hi sh yn

ji chn yi chn ji zh do le

xio mo


h xio u chn le

dinr

xu

shu

b tin

xin

ch

zi zu

li lin lin de

xio t

su

t men


zh b sh tn

b sh yn

t jio

xu

Characters
mn

mo

tn

yn

zhn

chn

tin

xin

lin

Words and expressions


dki

tnjin

mshn tmen

zj

uli

Sentence
d ji chn yi chn ji zh do le

42


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

43

44

d yi d

Read aloud.

45

Expand and substitute.

du hu

Dialogue

46

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

Reading

bi yn w w

Baby White Cloud


bi yn w w

z pio y pio

pio u

d fn

kn jin hn du rn

zi zhn sh

ji wn

yo bu yo

xi y

rn men



shu

qn

n kui xi y

xio sh du yo k

bi


yn w w n xin q

xi y

rn po uo li

rn

shu

bi xi

bi

xi

w de

fu

hi mi n

ne

yo bu yo xi

ne

bi yn w w

zh do zn me


bn ci ho

bi yn w w

q wn fn y

ye

fn y

ye

i xi

xio sh ji d

ji

x du rn

nn d do ho chu

xi y

zh yu y

rn d


47

do ho chu

bi yn w w

yn i rn du sh rn

d do ho


chu

sh

bin chn

pin hi yn

hu hu de

xi


li

Characters
k

rn

sh

Words and expressions

hrn

48

yni

zn h

lin x


Review 2

zho l

zi i cu bi

1.
l

yi

Correct the following characters after the model.

zi z

c y

2.

yn i ch de

Compare and form phrases.

j sh zo j

3.

Construct sentences with the given expressions below.

1
2
3

49

4
xun z

c y b chn du hu

4.

Choose the right words to complete the dialogue.

zho l

zi wn chn j zi

5.

Complete the sentences with the given words

after the model.


l

1
2
3

50

4
5

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

6.

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

51

sh r shu

Two Ancient Poems


jn y

Thoughts on a Silent Night


Tn

L bi


chun qin mn yu un

sh

d shn shun

tu wn mn yu

tu

xin


dn un qu lu

At Heron Lodge

Tn Wn zh hun


bi

shn jn

hun h

hi

li

y qin qin

n shn y cn lu

52

Characters
sh

shu

jn

chun

wn

xin

lu

qin

cn

Words and expressions


xin

Proper nouns
L Bi

Wn Zhhun

Gunqu Lu

Li Bai

Wang Zhihuan

Heron Lodge

53


Exercises in Class

54

Learn to write.

55

d yi d

Read aloud.

du hu

Dialogue

56

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

Reading

sh

r shu jn y

Contemporary Translations of theTwo Ancient Poems


jn y

Thoughts on a Silent Night


chun qin s mn yn

de yu un

ho xin sh

d shn b mn bi shun

ti tu wn zhe jio ji

de yu lin

tu

s nin k

de

xin

57

dn un qu lu

At Heron Lodge
ti yn i zhe

x shn mn mn xi chn

hun h xin zhe d

hi n n dn li

xin kn do yun ch n mi de

jn s

hi

x zi dn shn y cn lu

Characters
yn

nin

mn

Words and expressions


bmn

jioji

58

snin

jns

bx

i wi shn me hu dn

Why Does the Kettle Lid Move

sh bi du nin qin yn u de

xu ji

xio sh hou

yu

y tin kn ni ni zu fn

h shu ki

le

h i b tn de shn xi tio dn

ju

de hn q

ui

ji wn

ni ni

h i wi shn me hu dn

ni ni

shu

shu ki le

shu zhn

q chn chu li

h i ji dn


le

hi sh b mn bi

wi shn me shu ki

le

ji hu

yu shu zhn q ne

wi shn me shu zhn q nn rn h i dn qi

li

ne

t chn chn

zu zi

l bin

y bin kn y bin xin


zhn d hu

zu le hn du sh yn

hu li

f mn

le zhn q

chn le

y wi yu mn de k xu ji

59

Characters
h

yn

ui

chn

rn

chn

sh

yn

wi

Words and expressions


kxuji

shhou

qui

hish

chnchn


shyn

huli

fmn

yumn

Proper nouns

Wt

Ynu

James Watt

England

Sentence
shu zhn q nn rn h i dn qi li

60


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

61

62

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

w t

63

du hu

Dialogue

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

64


L bn y

Reading

zi

Lu Ban and the Saw


j

zi

sh zhn

u rn

f mn de


zi lin qin

bi du nin qin

rn men yn f tou kn sh xi jin

fn zi

d sh yu c

yu o

yn f

tou kn

yu li yu mn

y tin

yu e

jio L bn de

rn

shn shn q

kn sh

shn l

hn

,
nn zu

L bn yn shu shn shn de xio sh

y co wn shn

h rn

n do shu xn

y zhn tn tn

zhn ki shu y

kn


shu zhn

bi xio co

ki

le

ku

zi

xin xu

zh

li

L bn ju

de hn

q ui

k xio co zn me nn

p rn

65

de shu ne

kn

yun li zh

zhn xio co de

lin


bin zhn zhe fn

de

ch

shu y zhu ji

bi

le

L bn

bin kn bin xin

u yu xin zh zhn

yn fn l

de n

sh hn kui ji b

d sh kn do m

hu li

zu

le

hn


du sh yn

zhn y

f mn le

zi

Characters
li

tn

tn

zh

yn

Words and expressions


tntn

zx

yunli

nj

zhny

66

Ci ln zo zh

Cai Lun Invented the Paper

di mi yu zh

rn men chn chn b

xi

zi zh


pin shn

hn b fn bin

n yun y ln w nin

zhn u yu e

jio Ci ln de rn

ju xn zo ch y zhn yu ho yu fn bin de dn xi

i rn men

xi z

zu le hn du sh yn

b sh p

co h

b po zi shu li

d chn zh jin

zi b zh jin p zi zh

67

lin shn

zh jin n le

y hu

n xi li ji chn le

zh

zh sh Ci ln f mn de

zo zh sh sh zhn u

di

f mn zh

Characters
zo

zh

di

zh

pin

bin

yun

ju

zh

Words and expressions


di

fnbin nyun

juxn

Proper noun
Ci Ln

Cai Lun

Sentence
zh sh Ci ln f mn de

68


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

69

70

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

Ci ln

71

du hu

Dialogue


Ci ln

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

72

Reading

Ancient Paper

Characters
xi

sh

hn

Words and expressions

73

zn h

lin x

sn


Review 3

zho l zi

lin yi lin

c y

1.

Link and form phrases after the model.

yi

zi z

c y

2. Compare and form phrases.

xun z tin kn

3.

Choose the right words to fill the blanks.

2
3

74

xun c y tin kn

4.

Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.

zho l zi i bn j

5.
l

Correct the following sentences after the model.

1
2

zho l

zi j zi

6. Complete the sentences with the given expressions


after the model.
l

1
2
3

75

10

si po

A Race between the Hare and the Tortoise

zi

w u

yo si po le

xio nio y

jio

sn

zi

ji fi kui de

po le chu qu

w u

de xin qin p

zi po le

hur

hu

tu kn b jin w u

hn d

ji xin

w u p

de zhn mn

w shu yi

jio

dn t zhu shn li w

zi po

76

w rn rn k

zh yn y xin

zi

ji


shu q

jio li

le

w u zi hu min b tn de xin qin p

cn t

zi shn

bin p

le uo qu

le

mn

Characters
u

si

hu

mn

zhu

rn

rn

Words and expressions


chq

rnrn

ky

zhyn

shnbin

uq

Sentence
t zi fi kui de po le ch q

77


Exercises in Class

78

Learn to write.

79

d yi d

Read aloud.

Expand and substitute.

80

du hu

Dialogue

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1 ?
2 ?

81

Reading

u t d

r c si po

The Second Round Race between the Hare and the Tortoise

zi

w u

yu yo si

po le

x du xio dn w du li

kn b

si

zi xin

shn c

w shu zho le

rn w u

le

y mn

zh

dn yo yn

si

ki sh

le


xio nio y

jio

sn

po

zi

ji

fi

kui de po le


qi

li

kn jin l bin de

hu

ci

bi de xio dn

82

w jio

wnr

tn xi li

zh sh y

jnr


de xin qin po

hur

zi

ji

po do

le zhn

din


le

y mn

xio w u

ne

hi

sh

h shn c

y yn

de xin qin p

dinr

hu xn

zu hu y

do

le

zhndin

ji du o xn de shu

zi

po de kui

yn i

xio w u jin ch p do le zhn din

y yn i jin l

Characters
b

sh

hu

jin

ch

jin

Words and expressions


bsi

kish

huxn

jinch

jinl

83

xio mo dio y

11

The Kitten Goes Fishing

mo m m di zhe xio mo zi h bin dio y

hur

zh qn tn fi uo li

xio mo ji q zhu qn tn

hur

zh h di fi

uo li

xio mo yu q zhu h di

ji u

shn me du mi yu zhu do

mi yu dio do y

zh sh

mo m m y

jn dio do ho

j tio d

le

xio mo shn q

de

shu

w zn me dio b do y

ne

m m shu

84

hur

zhu qn tn

hur

zhu h di

sn xn

zn me nn dio do y ne


xio mo tn

le

m m de

hu

ji zhun xn

de

dio y

le

hur

xio mo y dio do le

tio d

m m du xio le

Characters
dio

zhu

ji

jn

zn

nn

zhun

xio

Words and expressions


yhur

jiu

yjn


snxnry

zhunxn

shnq

znme

Sentence
w zn me dio b do y ne

85


Exercises in Class

86

Learn to write.

d yi d

Read aloud.

87

3 Expand and substitute.

du hu

Dialogue

88

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

Reading

White kitten and Black Kitten

xn q

tin

xio bi mo h xio hi mo q dio y

xio bi mo li do

ku

kn jin shn yn y

ye

ji wn

shn yn y

ye

nn ho

qn wn

q dio y

de

fn zn me

zu

shn yn y

ye shu

zu dn bin zh tio

xio bi mo



shu le shn

xi xie

ji

q dio y

le


xio hi mo li

de

do

ku

d shn wn

lo shn yn

dio y

fn zn me zu

shn yn y

ye shn q

de shu

hi

zi

shu hu yo yu

mo

xio hi mo tn

le

hn b o xn

wn x

bin de

n tio l

zu le

89

zu

hu

xio bi mo dio do

le

hn du y

sh

xio hi

mo lin dio y

de

d fn du mi yu zho do

Characters
nn

shn

mo

lin

zho

Words and expressions


dioy

lmo

zuhu

90

ln li

12

le

Wolves Are Coming Soon

cn qin

yu e

hi zi

zi shn shn fn yn

kn

xin zhu nn y

xi

bi

ln

ln li

do hn du rn

zi shn xi

hur

ren

ji

d shn hn jio

li

le



le

shn xi de rn tn do hn jio shn

k po shn shn


li

sh

shn shn n bn mi yu ln

sh fn yn de


hi

zi

zi s hun

rn men bi t

q pin le

le

tin

rn men yu tn jin zh

hi

zi

zi shn

shn hn

ln li

le

ln li

le

d ji yu po do shn

91

shn q

ji u hi sh mi yu ln

rn men yu bi s hun de

hi


zi

q pin le

yu u

yu hn

le

j tin

ln zhn de

li

le

zh e

hi

zi

ln li

le

ln li le

ln zhn de

li

le

shn

xi

de rn men tn jin hn shn

zi

y mi yu rn

le

Characters
ln

nn

shn

hn

hun

bi

pin

Words and expressions


cnqin

nhur

nbn

qpin

biren

rn men yu bi q pin le

92

lk

Sentence


Exercises in Class

Learn to write.

93

94

d yi d

Read aloud.

3 Expand and substitute.

95

du hu

Dialogue

96

xin yi xin

shu yi shu

Think and answer the following questions.

1
2

Reading
chn sh de hi zi

An Honest Child

cn qin
y

yu y

e nin lo

de

u wn

i chn li

de mi

hi

zi

du

le

hu

zhn

du

hi

zi

men shu

men

dn zhn

shi zhn de

hu zu mi

ji rn shi dn u


wn

yu

hi

zi

b zhn zi zhn zi hu pn

li

tin tin jio shu

dn hu pn

li

shn me

mi yu zhn chu li

do

le

sn hu de


zi

bi de

hi

zi

du sn q

le

mi

de xin hu

dn zh e

hi

zi sn q

de

zh sh

e kn hu pn

u wn wn t

n zhn de

hu ne

hi

zi

li

zhe yn

li shu

de

hu zhn shn me du mi

zhn chu li

u wn xio zhe shu

sh

e chn sh

de

hi

zi

97

ji rn n dn xn u wn b


yun li

u wn f

de hu

zhn du sh zh sh le

de

Characters
chn

wn

chn

mi

sn

Words and expressions


chnsh

uwn

mil

xinhu

ynli

98

zn h lin x


Review 4

zho l

zi

xi

1.

Link and write after the model.

zho l

zi lin yi lin

z c y

2.

Link and form phrases after the model.

99

xun c y tin kn

3.

Choose the right words to fill in the blanks.

1
2

zho l

zi

xi j zi

4.
the model.
l

Put the given words in the correct order to make sentences after

zho l

zi

xi yi xi

5.

Reconstruct the sentences with the given expressions after the

model.
l

100

101

zn

lin


Exercises

zho l

zi

xi ch di yu xi li pin pn de

1. Write characters
with the given radicals after the model.
l

zho l

zi lin yi lin

z c y

2.

Link and form phrases after the model.

b yi b

zi z c y

3. Compare and form phrases.

102

zho l

zi lin yi lin

zho l

z c y

4.

Link and form phrases after the model.

zi j zi

5.

Complete the sentences after the model.

5
103

lin c chn j

6.

Put the given words in the correct order to make sentences.

1
2

d k wn

pn dun j zi

du de d

cu de

7.
Judge the correctness of the sentences below withon each right sentence andon
each wrong sentence according to the text.

1
2

5
6

104

yn x shn z bio

jin fn du zho


Alphabetic Vocabulary

Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

bo

bi

bin

bin

bin

9
12 4

9
2
4
5
bn

3 9 10
ci

ci

cn

chn

chn chn

ch

chn

4 4

8 5 2 8
7
6

chun

chun

7
4
d

di

di

do

dn

dn

D 9 9
1 10
2 7
3
1
d

din

dio

dio

dn

du

1 10 2 11 5
4
4
fn

fn

4 2

2
i

3 12 12 7 6
8
9

ui

2 8 10
6
hn

hu

hu

hun

hu

H 12 5

1210
8
3
2
j

jio

jio

ji

ji

6 1
1 11
8
11
5
jn

jn

jn

ji

ju

11 4 7 3
9
7
105

kun

8 12

2
1

1 12
5 12 6 3
4
7

ln

mn

lo

ln

mn

mn

mo

lin

mo

lin

mi

lu

M
10 1 6 3 1 4
6
n

ne

nn

nn

2 2

10 5 9 9 12
9
5

5 7
12 8
8
2

10
10
8

12
3
12 10
3
7

rn
s

po
q

11

12

pin

pio

rn

qin

qin

rn

si

sh

pin

sho

shu

shn

sh

sh

shu

7 5
8
tn

tin

tio

tn

tn

tn

6 6 5 1 1 2

wn

wn

wi

wn

W 1 7 8 3 10
xin

xin

xin

xio

11
6
2
7

6
8
3
3

yn
y

yn

11 10
zo

zn

yn

yo

yn

yun

zhn
zh

zh

zhn

zhun

yun

9 11
6
3
zh

zh

zh

zh

9
5
4
zhu

zhu

zu

5 9 11 10 11 6 4
9

106

yn

x shn

bio


Alphabetic Glossary

B 12

12

3 9 10

11

12

10 7
D 6

C 4

F 8

G 8

12

10

H 8

11

K 1

12

12

2 7

12

11

12

8 5

E 2

10

10

2 10

12

7 7

2 1
107

12

12

M 6

10

11

12

10

12

10

10

11

10 11

11

11

10

11

10

11 6

108

12

12

W 1

11

11

zi

Sentences

kn jin l dn zu

w o o xn xn de zu chu le sh din

2
w q y yun kn bn

3
y bin shu hu y bin tn

4
n men zh do w sh shi m

d ji chn yi chn ji zh do le

6
shu zhn q nn rn h i dn qi li

8
zh sh Ci ln f mn de

t zi fi kui de po le chu qu

10
w zn me dio b do y ne

11
rn men yu bi t q pin le

12

109

hn

z b

hu mn chn bio


Table of Chinese Characters Strokes
b hu

mn chn

din

b hu


li

hn

sh

mn chn

hn pi wn u

sh u

shu

sh

wn u

ji

pi

rn

sh t

mn

sh wn

hn u

xi

sh wn u

din

hn zh

ku

sh zh zh

dn

sh zh

shn

hn zh u

yu

sh zh zh u

nio

pi zh

hn zh t
hn zh wn u

yu
rn
ji

xi u

w u

hn zh zh pi

jin

pi din

hn zh zh zh u

hn pi

110

ni

xn

xi

b shn u z bio

Table of Stroke Order


u

xin hn hu sh

xin pi hu n

cn shn do xi

cn zu do yu

cn wi do ni

cn ni do wi

xin l tou hu fn ku


xin zhn jin hu lin bin

sh

shn

tin

sn

zo

shu

tn

xin

shn

zh

yun

xio

shu

)(

)(

)(
111

)
3


Names of Radicals of Chinese Characters
1.
(This table lists some of the common radicals of Chinese characters for the convenience of teaching
and learning.)
2.

(Most of the radicals this table includes are not characters by themselvesor difficult to nameor
have confusing names. The radicals that are Chinese characters by themselves and easily pronounced
such as etc.have not been
listed here.)
3.
(Some radicals have different namesbut this table only offers the most commonly used ones.)


Radical


Name


Examples

()

112


Radical


Name


Examples

113


Radical


Examples


Name

114

Phonetic System of the Chinese Language


1957 11 1 60
Endorsed at the 60th meeting of the Plenary Session of the State Council on November 1st
1957.
1958 2 11
Approved at the 5th Session of the 1st National Peoples Congress of February 11st1958.

(Alphabet)
(Name)


The Alphabet

V
The letter v is only used in loan wordsethnic minority languages and dialects.

The letters are written in the same way as the Latin alphabets.


The Initials
b

zh

ch

sh

zh ch sh
When phonetic notations are given to Chinese characterszhch and sh can be abbreviated as
and to simplify the spelling.
115


The Finals

ei

1. i
zhichishirizicisi
The final i is used in the seven syllables of andand thus
they are spelled respectively as zhichishirizici and si.
2. er r
ert
hur
The final is written as erbut as r when used as a tail finali.e.ert and
hur.
3.
The final is written as when used independently.
4. yi y ye yo you
yn yin yn yin yon
The finals in the i row are written as yi y ye yo you yn
yin yn yin yon if no initials precede them.
u u oe

116

e e
The finals in the u row are written as u o e

e and e if no initials precede them.


ueu

The finals in the row are written as ue and u if no initials


precede themand the two dots of are omitted.
j q ju qu xu

nl n l
When the finals in the row are used together with the initials of jq and xthey are written as

ju qu xu with the two dots of being omittedwhen they are used together
with the initials of n and l the two dots of are retained as in n and l .
5. iouueiuen iuuiun: niuui lun
When iouuei and uen are preceded by initialsthey are written as iuui and unsuch as in niu
ui and lun .
6. n
When phonetic notations are added to Chinese charactersn may be abbreviated as to simplify
the spelling.


The Symbols of Tones

high and level tone

rising tone

fallingrising tone

falling tone

The symbol of each tone is marked on the main vowel of a syllablebut it is omitted when the pro
nunciation is light. For example:




high and level tone


rising tone
fallingrising tone
falling tone
light pronunciation


The Syllable dividing Mark
oe
pio
When a syllable beginning with o e follows another syllable and the boundary of
t he two syllables are confusing the syllable dividing mark is used to separate them
i . e . pi o .

117


yn x shn z bio

jin fn du zho


Alphabetic Vocabulary 1

Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters


i

A
7
b

bi

bi

bi

B 1 9 6 1 11
co ch

chn

ch chun chn

C 6

4 12 5
8
6
d

di

do

de

din

dn

dn

du

D 2 12 12 9 5
11 5
5
r

E 10 2 1
fn

fn

F 11
5
o

G 8 10
ho

hi

hn

hu

hu

H 8 3 9 6
10 10
6
j

ji

jin

ji

hun

hu

J 10 9
1
8
ki

kn

ku

K
10 2
8
li

ln

lo

le

li

7 8 4 1
4
6
6
m

mo

mn

men

min

M 9
12 10
11 3 2
6
8
ni

N 9
q

nn

no

nio

qi

rn

rn

R 12 2 11 3 4
sn

ni

11 12 8 10
6
6

qin

Q 1 10 5 4
r

nin

shn shn sho shn shn

sh

sh

sh

S 1 3 4 2 12 7
1 3
7
shu

1
8

118

sh

shu

shu

7 2

ti

tin tin

tn

tu

10 11 12 5 3 7
3
2

wi

wn

W 10 7 7 1

xin

xio

xio

xn

xn

X 11 12 4 5 11

12

5
8
7

yn

Y 6
yu

yn

xi

yu

yu

11
1 12 9 4
9

yn

3
5

zo

xi

zh

zhn zhn zh

zu

zu

xu
y

5
6

xu

yun

10

zu

Z 8
8 4 12 4 2 4 4
9

119


yn x shn z bio

jin fn du zho


Alphabetic Vocabulary 2

Comparison between Simplified and Traditional Chinese Characters

bn

bo

bo

bn

bi

B 10 12 5
2
6 2
7
2
chn

chn cn

C 11 5 11
dn

de

D 5 8

E
6
f

de

din

12
8

9
1
4

fn

fn

dn

du

fi

F 10 6 3
9
o

du

n n

G 3 5 1
8 7 12 11 10
5
un

un u

9 11 5
4
hi

hi

H
4
6
hu

hu

hi

hn

12

hn

9
1

hun

hu

8 9
hu

11

12
1
1
6
j

ji

jin

jin

jin

jin

jio

J
12 6 7 11
1
4
2
jio

jio

ji

jn

ju

11 2 5 3 5
8
k

ko

kui

K 5 7 6 12
l

lin

lin

li

L 12 )

8 9 12
2
7
m

mi

me

mi mio

mn

4 10 11
2
5
8
n

no

N 8 2
7
pn

P 3
q

qn

qn

Q 3 4 11
4

120

mn

8 11

shi

shn

sh

sh

sh

sh

shu

sh

sh

S
8
6 6 2 6
10
3
9
2
shun

7
t

3
5

tio

su

tn

T 11 2 11
3
wn wn

wi

wn

W 5

3 12 12
7
8
3
x

xin xi

xi

xn

X 6 1
9

3
4
1
4
y

yn

yo

yn

yn

xn

yu

3
yu

yu

Y 10 12 10 8 9 12 12 4 9 3 7

yun

8
zi

zi

zhn

zhn

Z 1 4
5
zu

zu

zu

zu

zhe zhn

11 10
9

zhn

10 2 1

11 5 7 4

121