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November 2013


Jerome Mitchell CMOM Technician Augusta, Ga.

Augusta (Ga.) takes on a full system evaluation to eliminate combined sewers


12 16 20 28

FEATURES SEWER: Under Assessment

By Luke Laggis

Augusta, Ga., turns to new technology and old-fashioned teamwork to tackle system upgrades.

Three key components promise four fabulous days at the Pumper & Cleaner Expo.
By Craig Mandli


Racing Toward Indy Improvement

20 34

Louisville Water targets big pipes after making strides in the rehab and replacement of break-prone small pipe.
By Erik Gunn

WATER: Continuous

Automated tank cleaning programs can save time and labor and improve worker safety.
By Peter Kenter

TECH TALK: Cleaning

Under Pressure

42 46


Danbury, N.C., successfully gambles on ice pigging to clean its distribution pipes and solve water quality problems.
By Peter Kenter


and Clean


8 10 18 26 40 42

This months profiles cast a light on new technology and the right way to approach problems.
By Luke Laggis




Augusta Utilities Department CMOM technician Jerome Mitchell begins a test with the SL-RAT systems transmitter. The utility has employed some innovative new technology to help tackle a system-wide assessment. (Photography by Kaylinn Gilstrap)

Notable clips and quotes from MSWs exclusive online content. Simple tactics can help you address sensitive issues with problem employees.
By Ken Wysocky



it Out

Nonconforming use of PACP has helped some municipalities establish priorities and better meet their unique needs.
By Ted DeBoda, P.E.


a Standard

Expo guests given first-time look at Thermaflow hydraulic cooling system.

By Ed Wodalski




By Craig Mandli

and Leak Detection


46 48 50 56


By Craig Mandli

and Leak Detection

Product Spotlight: HydraLiner resins blended for specific temperatures
By Ed Wodalski


People/Awards; Learning Opportunities; Calendar


Product Focus: Cleaning and Maintenance Strategies F Special 2014 fold-out wall calendar F Water: Carlsbad, N.M., keeps pace with development F Tech Talk: Comparing asset management systems F Human Side: Emotional intelligence trumps IQ F Expo Spotlight: Turbo chain cutters clean egg-shaped pipes


4 November 2013





Diameter Pipe: 18" 24"







Diameter Pipe: 6" 10"

In our first project we completed over 5,500' of 8" main lining, and have completed 2,100' of 6" service laterals for a total of over 7,000'. Additionally, our net savings was just over $300,000, after paying for all of our equipment. We now have the ability to line anything from 4" to 10" in our collection system for the cost of materials and our own labor.

- Steve Hunsberger, PPIS Director / BTMA Director

1-866-336-2568 Toll Free 1-727-507-9749 Intl


Published monthly by:

3T Equipment Company Inc. ...................... 19 NozzTeq, Inc. ................................................. 19 American Highway Products, Ltd. ............ 43 Aries Industries, Inc. ................................... 27 Perma-Liner Industries, LLC ....................... 5 Petersen Products Co. ................................. 56 PipeLogix, Inc. ................................................. 39 Cam Spray ...................................................... 40 Central Oklahoma Winnelson .................. 53 Chempace Corporation .............................. 49 Cloverleaf Tool Co. ............................... 25, 57 CUES .............................................................. 23 Doug Meadows Co., LLC ............................ 52 Electro Scan Inc. ............................................ 33 Envirosight ........................................................ 2 Safety Corporation of America ................ 37 Prototek ........................................................ 25
Copyright 2013, COLE Publishing Inc. No part may be reproduced without permission of publisher.

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In U.S. or Canada call toll free 800-257-7222 Elsewhere call 715-546-3346 Email: / Fax: 715-546-3786 Office hours Mon.-Fri., 7:30 a.m.-5 p.m. CST
SUBSCRIPTIONS: A one year (12 issue) subscription to Municipal Sewer & WaterTM in the United States and Canada is free to qualified subscribers. A qualified subscriber is any individual or company in the United States or Canada that maintains, manages, designs or installs municipal or commercial sewer, water and storm infrastructures. To qualify, visit or call 800-257-7222. Non-qualified subscriptions are available at a cost of $60 per year in the United States and Canada/Mexico. Subscriptions to all other foreign countries cost $150 per year. To subscribe, visit or send company name, mailing address, phone number and check or money order (U.S. funds payable to COLE Publishing Inc.) to the address above. MasterCard, VISA and Discover are also accepted. Include credit card information with your order. Our subscriber list is occasionally made available to carefully selected companies whose products or services may be of interest to you.Your privacy is important to us. If you prefer not to be a part of these lists, please contact Nicole at CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING: Minimum rate of $25 for 20 words; $1 per each additional word. All classified advertising must be paid in advance. DEADLINE: Classified ads must be received by the first of the month for insertion in the next months edition. PHONE-IN ADS ARE NOT ACCEPTED. Fax to 715-546-3786 only if charging to MasterCard, VISA, Discover or AmEx. Include all credit card information and your phone number (with area code). Mail with check payable to COLE Publishing Inc. to the address above. CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING APPEARS NATIONWIDE AND ON THE INTERNET. Not responsible for errors beyond first insertion. DISPLAY ADVERTISING: Contact Jim Koshuta or Kayla Bisnette at 800-994-7990. Publisher reserves the right to reject advertising which in its opinion is misleading, unfair or incompatible with the character of the publication.

RapidView IBAK North America .............. 7

RS Technical Services, Inc. ......................... 19

Southland Tool Mfg. Inc. .............................. 11 Spartan Tool, LLC ......................................... 47 SubSurface Instruments, Inc. ...................... 37 SubSurface Locators, Inc. ............................ 15

Epoxytec, Inc. ................................................. 53 GapVax, Inc. .................................................... 59 General Pipe Cleaners ................................. 41 Hurco Technologies, Inc. ............................ 17 InfoSense, Inc. ................................................. 49

T&T Tools, Inc. .............................................. 57 Terry Byrne, Inc. ........................................... 8 Vac-Con, Inc. ................................................. 60 Vactor Manufacturing .............................. 3, 37 Vivax-Metrotech Corp. .............................. 57 CLASSIFIEDS ................................................ 55 MARKETPLACE ............................................ 54

Jim Koshuta

Kayla Bisnette

EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE: Send to Editor, Municipal Sewer & Water, P.O. Box 220, Three Lakes, WI, 54562 or email REPRINTS AND BACK ISSUES: Visit for options and pricing. To order reprints, call Jeff Lane at 800-257-7222 (715-546-3346) or email jeff To order back issues, call Nicole at 800257-7222 (715-546-3346) or email CIRCULATION: 2012 average circulation was 40,581 copies per month (U.S. and international distribution).

InviziQ ............................................................... 9 Jameson, LLC .................................................. 49 Makita U.S.A. .................................................. 58 MALA GeoScience USA, Inc. .................... 51

MyTana Mfg. Company, Inc. ....................... 39

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6 November 2013

This months profiles cast a light on new technology and the right way to approach problems
his issue of MSW includes three profiles on progressive municipal utilities finding new ways to make their systems more efficient. Louisville Water is a great example. After investing years of effort and millions of dollars, the water utility has largely solved the problems in its smaller pipes and is now targeting its larger transmission mains. The utility has a system in place for inspecting and assessing 8 to 10 miles of transmission main a year, with the goal of finding problems and fixing them before leaks or breaks create larger and more expensive problems. Their proactive approach is paying dividends and is a good example for other utilities to follow. In Augusta, Ga., also profiled in this issue, new technology has made a big impact on how utility managers approach their system. Following the provisions of a consent order, they are inspecting their entire collections system with the help of some great new technology. New assessment and inspection tools have allowed the collections department to assess far more pipe in less time than other traditional


Luke Laggis
methods. Crews are inspecting whole neighborhoods in a week, where it may have taken two or three weeks in the past. Theyre also getting better data and improving their GIS in the process. And two years into the fiveyear term of their consent order, they are way ahead of schedule. A little further up the East Coast, the City of Danbury, N.C., has also turned to some new technology to improve the local water system. Ice pigging, a process in which a slushy brine is sent through the system to scour pipe walls, has made a big impact. The city was the first municipality in the country to formally contract for the service. The presence of iron and manganese in the water left residents with dingy water that would sometimes stain clothes. Flushing the pipes clean of deposits proved counterproductive. Nothing solved the problem until the city decided to take a chance on ice pigging. It wasnt a huge investment, didnt require excavation or much downtime for the system, and carried no risk of harming the pipes. In the end, it was exactly the solution they had been seeking. The utility and its customers were all happy with the results, and things are a little better in Danbury. All three of these utilities demonstrate the importance of being proactive and using technology to solve problems that have plagued their systems for years. I hope you can learn from their stories.

Expo time
This months issue of MSW also includes the first preview story on the 2014 Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo. Its only November, but the show is just around the corner and now is the time to start making your plans. The show has plenty to offer municipal workers, from continuing education credits to equipment demos and a massive show floor packed with all the latest tools and technology. There are countless opportunities to find new ways to improve your systems. Plus, theres no better way to meet your peers and learn from their challenges and successes. As an added bonus, you might get to rub elbows with some of the NFLs top brass, since the NFL combines final two days overlap the start of the Expo. The combine is held at Lucas Oil Stadium, connected to the Indiana Convention Center, and the players, coaches and executives are all staying in the hotels connected to the convention center, so there are plenty of opportunities to see representatives from your favorite team. I hope to see you in Indy. Enjoy this months issue. F


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Comments on this column or about any article in this publication may be directed to editor Luke Laggis, 800/257-7222;

Terry Byrne Inc. 419.564.9809 586.854.5601

PO Box 444 Mansfield, OH 44901

Patent Pending U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Serial No. 61/648,300

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8 November 2013

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November 2013
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to stimulate innovation is by having students physically spend time in water treatment plants.
Overcoming Barriers to Water Innovation

One of the most catalytic ways



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10 November 2013

Puma Hydraulic Root Cutter Motor. This motor provides up to 215 lbs.

of torque. Able to be used in 4" lines and up. Here it is pictured with adjustable wheeled skids from 8" to 10" and a concave saw in front. This motor is available in kits that can be adjusted to fit your size requirements.

Debris Grit Catcher Baskets. These are almost a must on every jetter.

Dont let the debris flow down the line to cause a problem elsewhere. These Grit Catchers not only catch debris but also the fine sand and grit since they have covered bottom and half-moon back. Here is seen using our fiberglass pole system in any length you need.

Drop Manhole Bridge Kit. The kit include the Drop Bridge that bridges

the gap for your nozzle or camera over the drop hole. It comes with 24' of fiberglass poles that connect up easily. The bridge has a 25' rope to lift in into the pipe. Comes in widths of 5" or 6" and is 48" long.

Quick-Mount Fiberglass Pole Carriers. These carriers are a

great way to store fiberglass poles on your truck. Can be used with poles, hooks and similar round handled tools. Made of cast aluminum and powder coated. The rubber uv protected flex-draw latches firmly holds the pole in place.

Carbide Tipped Root Saws. These saws have a carbide tip every 5th
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Pook. This patented design is the toughest on the market. One side is a

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Debris Basket with Rope. The baskets are lowered into place with a 25' rope. Eliminated the need for the poles and is easily retrieved at a 45 angle to avoid any spillage when lifted out of the invert.

Augusta, Ga., turns to new technology and old-fashioned teamwork to tackle system upgrades
By Luke Laggis
he Augusta (Ga.) Utilities Department has been tackling a systemwide evaluation under the guidance of a consent order from the Georgia Department of Environmental Protection, and crews are turning to some hi-tech new equipment to get the job done. Like many cities, the sanitation system in Augusta began as a combined sewer system. Under the consent order, the department has three years to evaluate that portion of the system, and two years beyond that to make any necessary repairs. I am actually proud to say that at this point were about two years into that initiative and to date weve found very few things that have actually required attention in the formerly combined area, says Jody Crabtree, asset manager for the Augusta Util-


ities Department. We know sanitary is going where it should and weve been proud to point out that to date we havent found anything that would be of environmental concern. The department uses GIS to map all its assets, and Crabtree says they are lucky to have fairly detailed maps going all the way back to the 1930s, but they occasionally still find structures that arent recorded or dont match the information in their system. In the formerly combined section of the system, storm drains dumped into the sanitary sewer. As we find them theyre being rehabbed, Crabtree says. Obviously its nothing we are very proud of; theres still a few of them that are combined.

Full evaluation
Augustas collections system, like

most, is comprised of a variety of pipe materials and sizes. Crabtree says about 85 percent of the approximately 950 miles of pipe in the system is 12-inch or smaller, and the largest mains are 84 inches. The older concrete and vitrified clay pipes are the most troublesome, the latter primarily because of joint failure. The system also includes some brick arch pipe thats still serving the downtown area. We have an old system, Crabtree says. There is a fair amount of pipe that isnt very old, but we also have some pipe that was installed in the early 1900s. Some of it was actually installed in the late 1800s. Were working on getting a multipoint inspection done on those, utilizing laser and sonar to get a good idea of what condition those pipes are in. Its not a huge amount

PROFILE: Augusta Utilities Department

(collections division), Augusta, Ga.




$1.75 million (collections division)




280 square miles


1,040 miles of pipe, 25,500 manholes, 72 lift stations




12 November 2013

OPPOSITE PAGE: Members of Augusta Utilities Departments SL-RAT and

Vac teams include, from left, CMOM technician Joseph McGary, laborer Martin Harper, Assistant Asset Manager Kevin Joyner, CMOM technician Nathan Rothwell, Collection Manager Kelsey Henderson, Asset Manager Jody Crabtree, and CMOM technicians Frank Mingledoff and Jerome Mitchell with the departments Vactor 2100 Series vacuum truck. (Photography by Kaylinn Gilstrap)

Were taking baby steps, but the SL-RAT is one of those things thats turning the baby steps more into a full stride. I honestly cant say enough good things about it.
Jody Crabtree of the system, but we still have some. In the mission to map and evaluate every inch of their system, Augusta has turned to new technology, including the SL-RAT from InfoSense. The SL-RAT, or Sewer Line Rapid Assessment Tool, has had a huge impact on the efficiency with which the department is able to assess its collections system. The technician places a transmitter in an open manhole, and the transmitter sends tones to a receiver in a downstream manhole. The receiver compares the tones with tones it should hear in a clean pipe and gives the technician a simple assessment in real time. The acoustic inspec-

tion takes less than three minutes without contacting the waste stream. Crabtree and his team bought their first SL-RAT in April after seeing it at a trade show and wanting to test it out. He says the cost of the unit, combined with the results it yielded in initial tests, made the purchase an easy decision. In fact, it has worked so well theyve already purchased a second unit. Right now our one crew is averaging about 7,000 feet of pipe assessed a day. And no test runs longer than three minutes, Crabtree says. I have a crew of two guys that go out with it every day; we give them maps of the system and they go out and run everything on their map thats an 8-, 10- or 12-inch line. The crew brings back the information at the end of the day, and if something needs immediate attention, the collections manager has a report waiting for him the next
Joseph McGary looks over the SL-RAT (Sewer Line Rapid Assessment Tool) during a pipe assessment (InfoSense).

morning, including a map of the lines that need to be cleaned. Thats a huge efficiency booster right there, Crabtree says. One of the reasons why we were under consent order was because there were so many overflows and so far this year our overflows are down by 25 percent. Crabtree says that can be partially attributed to the SL-RAT, although other initiatives implemented in the

past few years have also made an impact, including bolstered root and grease control programs. Were taking baby steps, but the SL-RAT is one of those things thats turning the baby steps more into a full stride, he says. I honestly cant say enough good things about it.

Keeping it in-house
Augusta has a robust stable of


Augusta, Ga., is known as the Garden City, and root infiltration has long been a problem in the citys wastewater collection system. Jody Crabtree, asset manager for the Augusta Utilities Department, says theyve stepped up their root control program in recent years to combat the problem. Theyve used Dukes Root Control, and he says in-house crews have had success applying Vaporooter. Our root-related backups have dropped off dramatically since weve stepped up our chemical root control, Crabtree says. The root control contractor handles work in backyards and private areas, and the departments root control teams work mostly in the right-of-ways, which Crabtree says is a big time saver for the department. The department also does flow monitoring and regularly checks a series of manhole inspection routes to keep an eye on whats happening underground. They pop 40 or so manholes in certain areas and look for inflow and infiltration, Crabtree says. They look for anything that looks out of the ordinary in one manhole, then they skip a few manholes and look in another one. Its not a perfect system but it kind of gives us a birds eye view of what we have going on in that particular area at that time.

November 2013


Information is gathered from the SL-RAT.

Nathan Rothwell, left, and Frank Mingledoff clean out a section of pipe with the Vactor 2100 Series vac truck.

equipment and capable crews who can handle most jobs. Anything that needs to be done we can do in-house, Crabtree says. We have our own cleaning trucks, what we consider our first line of defense, the rooter trucks that go out and free up lines when they get clogged or stopped up. We have crews that go out and handle the 3 oclock in the morning calls. We do all our own locates. Theres very little that we actually have to contract out. The utility department also has its own engineering division, though

Crabtree says they sometimes seek outside help on larger projects. And while he says the department could be completely self-sufficient if it had to be, they do contract out some cleaning work to keep crews free for other projects. Weve contracted out a little bit of cleaning just because as weve been assessing our pipes weve found we do have some areas that get dirty relatively quickly, he says. We have a local contractor who cleans somewhere around 20,000 feet a month for us but thats just to free our crews

up to do other things. The department still does plenty of its own cleaning work, and for that they rely heavily on their fleet of four jet-vac trucks two from VacCon and two from Vactor. They also have several rodder trucks that handle initial response. Crabtree says they typically send out a rodder truck when there is a backup or slow drain, and then follow that up with CCTV inspection and additional cleaning if necessary. Camera equipment includes an Envirosight ROVVER X, a fully out-

fitted CUES inspection van and several push cameras from various manufacturers. Weve bought several different kinds, mainly because in the big scheme of things, push cameras are not overly expensive and weve sort of been dabbling with different kinds just to see which one we like the best, Crabtree says. Were sort of challenged [by our director] to always think of a different way to do things and thats sort of the thing here; were not married to one manufacturer or vendor or anything. They all have their pros and cons and we evaluate each one on their own merit for what we need before we commit. Augusta is also using four robotic Solo cameras from RedZone Robotics. The Solo cameras provide autonomous inspection and 360-degree video of the pipes. Two guys can go out and average about 5,000 feet a day with four cameras, Crabtree says. They can go out and do a neighborhood in a week, where with a typical crawler system it might take you two weeks to do or even three depending on how fast your crew is.

14 November 2013

Jody Crabtree, Asset Manager

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Working together

Were sort of challenged [by our director] to always think of a different way to do things and thats sort of the thing here; were not married to one manufacturer or vendor or anything. They all have their pros and cons and we evaluate each one on their own merit for what we need before we commit.
Jody Crabtree

Replace or rehab
Augusta has replaced about 30 miles of pipe over the past 10 years. They handle that work in-house, but when a situation calls for trenchless rehabilitation, they generally hire a contractor. They prioritize and determine the best course of action on a case-by-case basis. If youve got a pipe offset and you know you arent going to impact anything other than some dirt by digging it up and replacing it, it doesnt really benefit you to go in and line that pipe, Crabtree says. Like anybody does, we look at every possibility before we make a decision as to whether or not it would be better to line it or just completely replace it.

Similarly, the type of replacement pipe depends on the situation, Crabtree says, but PVC is usually the pipe of choice for collection mains. Ductile iron is used on pipe buried less than 4 feet deep, and the largest pipes in the system are HOBAS. Much of the pipe thats been replaced over the past decade was clay and concrete in older neighborhoods where there were frequent problems. Some older concrete trunk mains have been replaced, as well. Its been a primary focus to get the bad stuff out of the way, and thats where we are now, Crabtree says. Were evaluating what we have left to determine whats next in the pecking order.

In addition to following their assessment plan and using new technology to help satisfy their consent order, Crabtree says the departments collaborative atmosphere has gone a long way in helping it reach its goals. Weve always had excellent leadership in this department. Our previous director and our current director were both very hands on,

they wanted to know what was going on with their system. Thats been a huge help, we have a great teamwork atmosphere here. Crabtree says the attitude is best summed up by a quote that hangs in the department: Theres no limit to what we can accomplish as long as no one cares who gets the credit. We follow that, he says. Thats sort of the everyday mentality here.F


CUES 800/327-7791

(See ad page 23)

RedZone Robotics, Inc. 412/476-8980 Vac-Con, Inc. 888/491-58762

(See ad page 60)

Dukes Root Control, Inc. 800/447-6687 Envirosight 866/936-8476

(See ad page 2)

Vactor Manufacturing 800/627-3171

(See ads pages 3 and 37)

HOBAS Pipe USA 800/856-7473 InfoSense, Inc. 877/747-3245

(See ad page 49)

Vaporooter 800/841-1444

November 2013



Three key components promise four fabulous days at the Pumper & Cleaner Expo
By Craig Mandli

ee the best new equipment. Take advantage of quality educational opportunities. Enjoy networking opportunities with your peers. Those three key components keep thousands coming back to the Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo International every year. The Expo will return to the Indiana Convention Center Feb. 24-27, 2014, again showing off the latest products and technologies in the environmental services industry, as well as providing educational seminars and roundtable discussions taught and moderated by skilled industry professionals. The Expo is the one place the industry gathers where you can see the best equipment available from the best manufacturers, specific educational opportunities and the chance to meet and network with others in the field from all over the world, says Bob Kendall, co-founder of COLE Publishing and president of COLE Inc. Those ideas have always been the backbone of the Expo.

New seminars slated

Education opportunities are the focus of Day 1 of the 2014 Expo,

and will feature presenters from the industrys top manufacturers and associations. New to this years Education Day is a business-marketing seminar from Suzan Chin of Creative Raven Marketing, as well as a technical session from National Tank Truck Carriers John Conley, who will focus on preventing tank truck rollovers. There are educational opportunities for everyone, though, as sponsoring associations are offering over 50 sessions on Education Day. Trade organizations taking part include the National Association of Wastewater Technicians (NAWT), National Environmental Health Association (NEHA), Southern Section Collection Systems Committee (SSCSC), National Association of Sewer Service Companies (NASSCO), National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA), Waterjet Technology Association/ Industrial & Municipal Cleaning Association (WJTA-IMCA), Portable Sanitation Association International (PSAI) and the National Precast Concrete Association (NPCA). Learning opportunities are available throughout the week, with educational seminars from Expo exhibitors also slated for Tuesday

Exhibits, educational sessions, and networking opportunities are three of the key components of the Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo. The 2014 Expo will be held Feb. 24-27 in Indianapolis.

and Wednesday, and the Roundtable Discussions set for the Expos final morning. Not only can attendees gain valuable industry-specific knowledge, Expo education courses

It really is an opportunity to meet the people behind these products. When youre talking about a hydroexcavating truck that costs a quarter of a million dollars, thats a big deal.
Bob Kendall

16 November 2013

also count toward continuing education credits in many states. Visit the Expo website (www.pumpershow. com) for specific information on your state.

Networking opportunities
While many attendees will spend their time roaming the Expo hall, attending education sessions and networking, Indy is also extremely family friendly, with several museums, entertainment venues and shopping opportunities, along with hundreds of restaurants within a short walking distance of the Convention Center. In fact, the number

Laboratory Tested Safe LiquiSmoke

Best equipment, best manufacturers

While the educational opportunities are immensely valuable and popular, its the more than 550,000 square feet of tools, trucks and technology on display that leaves an indelible mark on most attendees. Every year, products introduced at the Expo become tried and true components of many industry professionals toolboxes and equipment fleets. Outdoor demos will also be back for 2014. A new concept at the 2013 Expo, demos featuring hydroexcavation, industrial vacuum trucks and CIPP lining were well-attended despite inclement weather, giving attendees yet another opportunity to learn about the newest innovations in the industry. It really is an opportunity to meet the people behind these products, says Kendall. When youre talking about a hydroexcavating truck that costs a quarter of a million dollars, thats a big deal. More than 8,418 people representing 3,730 companies attended the 2013 Expo, with 520 exhibitors nearly spilling out of the Expo hall. Expo organizers are optimistic that the 2014 Expo will be even bigger and better. Were aiming for even more exhibitors in 2014, says Julie Gensler, COLE Inc. trade show coordinator. The interest is there. People in the industry know this is the place to be. The list of exhibitors is continually updated on the Expo website, which you can also use to preview the educational sessions, study the interactive floor plan, plan your itinerary and search for hotel rooms. Several hotels boasting more than 4,900 guest rooms are directly connected to the convention center. Rooms are booking fast, though, so its best not to wait. Indy has the most connected downtown you can find, says Kendall. Once you get there, you can stay inside, and everything you need is within a short walk. Its the perfect location for an industry convention. All you have to do is get there.

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Were aiming for even more exhibitors in 2014. The interest is there. People in the industry know this is the place to be.
Julie Gensler of industry professionals who base their annual family vacation around the Expo continues to grow each year. Of course, no Expo week is complete without the annual Industry Appreciation Party, moving to Wednesday evening for the first time. In 2014, in addition to popular 25-cent tap beer, up-and-coming country music crooner Lee Brice will perform at the JW Marriott Hotel, connected to the Convention Center. The concert is free to all Expo attendees with full registration. Wednesday is always the heaviest attended day of the Expo, says Kendall. Moving the Industry Appreciation Party to Wednesday made sense. It will give more attendees the chance to attend and let loose a little. The 2014 Expo is shaping up to be another great four days. More surprises are in store, so hop onto the website and check out the constantly evolving schedule of events. Whether your goal is to check out the new innovations in the industry, educate yourself, meet your contemporaries or all of the above, youll be glad you visited the 2014 Expo. Early registration costs just $30 per person until Nov. 15; $50 until Jan. 24. At-the-door registration is $70 for the full program. To find out more, visit www.pumpershow. com or call 866/933-2653. F



(Patents: 6,865,341, 7,050,709)

November 2013



We invite readers to offer ideas for this regular column, designed to help municipal and utility managers deal with day-today people issues like motivation, team building, recognition and interpersonal relationships. Feel free to share your secrets for building and maintaining a cohesive, productive team. Or ask a question about a specific issue on which you would like advice. Call editor Luke Laggis at 800/257-7222, or email

Simple tactics can help you address sensitive issues with problem employees
By Ken Wysocky

or most of us, avoiding uncomfortable issues is like a big slug of built-up sludge and debris in a mainline sewer; the longer it goes unattended, the bigger it gets, until a huge, messy backup ensues thats way worse than it otherwise might have been with earlier intervention. The same is true for many managers and employees, who typically sidestep any number of workplace-related issues with the same fervor with which Superman avoided kryptonite. And make no mistake: The workplace is littered with such landmines, ranging from inappropriate attire and poor hygiene to more serious issues, such as chronic absenteeism, employee disputes, poor job performance, overzealous expressions of religious or political views, foul language or sexually offensive behavior, which can result in expensive litigation. But theres a way to address super-charged issues diplomatically and honestly without putting the employee or colleague on the defensive, says Paul Falcone, the author of several best-selling books, including 101 Tough Conversations to Have with Employees ( As a former human resources executive whos held senior-level positions with Nickleodeon, Paramount Pictures and Time Warner, Falcone has seen his share of managerial issue avoidance and its chaotic effects. The path of least resistance is avoidance a lot of people avoid anything thats uncomfortable, says Falcone, who also serves on the faculty of the University of

ifornia, Los Angeles (UCLA) Extension School of Business and Management. Its just human nature, he continues. Often the issues are either embarrassing or confrontational. Telling people that their sales numbers arent where they need to be isnt so bad. But if someone is offending people because

before, Falcone asserts. People are exhausted and afraid its not much fun when employees are running for the life vests. So how do managers change from avoiders to late adopters of tactful confrontation? Its not easy, but by following a couple simple rules, they can soon begin to confidently address these thorny issues.

Paul Falcone

The ability to have these conversations and keep your team in line is more critical than ever before. People are exhausted and afraid its not much fun when employees are running for the life vests.
Paul Falcone theyre too opinionated, or too loud, its hard to put it into words without offending them. And the higher up the management food chain you go, the wimpier people seem to get, he adds. Some people are more inclined to engage the General Pattons out there. But most people avoid issues and hope they get fixed without any intervention. Most human beings just dont want to share bad news its not a natural thing for us. But dealing with uncomfortable issues is more important than ever because so many organizations are understaffed and stressed by budgetary constraints. Moreover, as competition increases, retaining key employees is critical to organizations success and few things erode morale and motivate employees to jump ship more than managers who let problems fester, he notes. The ability to have these conversations and keep your team in line is more critical than ever The first one centers on what Falcone calls perception management, a strategy that allows managers to frame a discussion without the usual blame or accusations that sends employees into all-out defensive mode. Using this tactic, a manager explains to an employee while speaking respectfully, objectively and rationally, without a raised voice how his or her behavior appears from the managers and colleagues viewpoints. The point is that perception is not necessarily right or wrong, it just is, and the employee in question may not be acting in malice, but instead just doesnt understand that their words or actions might be perceived differently than from what he or she intends. No one does anything wrong, based on their model of the world, Falcone says, noting that in all likelihood, employees embroiled in workplace issues dont wake up each morning with the intent of making life difficult for their coworkers or manager. We all evolve differently with our souls and personalities. Some people are more enlightened and see the wisdom of the bigger picture, while others operate from a my-way-or-hit-thehighway mentality. But the bottom line is that perception is reality until proven otherwise, Falcone explains. This tactic helps the employee see how their action can be perceived a different way, without the judgment and blame and assumes he or she has good intentions. But then you must hold them accountable for their own perception management, which means they dont have the green light to keep acting the way they have. That means if an employee frequently uses profanity that offends co-workers, for instance, the answer isnt telling the employees colleagues that they need to toughen up or buy earplugs. Instead, the employee must understand that he

18 November 2013

or she needs to stop swearing. And if they cant, maybe they should resign, Falcone suggests. The other technique involves putting offending employees on a guilt-trip of sorts, which works because it prompts them to consider how others feel about their actions or words forces them to look inward and assume some level of responsibility for the problem, Falcone says. Guilt is an internal emotion, while anger is external, he notes. If you accuse somebody and make them angry, they respond by fighting back and going for the jugular. But when you point out how the employees actions make you or colleagues feel, the employee is more likely to say, Sorry, I didnt mean to offend anyone. When people react with anger, theyre effectively saying that the issue is 100 percent someone elses problem, Falcone continues. But

when you go a little softer and set it up right, theyll be more sensitive to how you [and others] perceive their actions. The reality is you get more through guilt than with anger. Falcone concedes that to some skeptics, these techniques will seem almost Pollyana-ish and nave. But he says that based on his years of experience, hes merely offering a structure that any manager or employee can customize to suit their needs. I dont expect everyone to agree [with the approaches], just as we probably wouldnt agree on how to raise each others children, he points out. Every case is a little different. But the structure here is the key. You may not agree with the guilt-versus-anger paradigm or perception management, but generally speaking, these rules will get better results than to just avoid, avoid and avoid. F

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November 2013


Louisville Water targets big pipes after making strides in the rehab and replacement of break-prone small pipe
By Erik Gunn 20 November 2013


or a decade and a half, Louisville Water Co. invested between $8 and $10 million a year cleaning, relining or replacing old pipe responsible for scores of water main breaks that challenged the system and its customers. Those efforts paid off in a steep reduction in wasted time and money fixing broken mains. But that was low-hanging fruit, says Keith Coombs, manager of infrastructure planning for Louisville Water. So for

up by much, the utility continues to see a growing need for more water distribution infrastructure to meet the needs of an expanding metropolitan area. Those and other forces all make optimizing the existing infrastructure even more important. And part of that is knowing when to replace lines and when to opt instead to preserve them through close inspection, cleaning and relining. Our selection criteria has evolved, says Coombs. Its a lot more sophisticated.

Private company
Louisville Water started out as a private company, says strategic communication manager Kelley Dearing Smith. That was in 1854. It never got very much investor interest however, and by 1906 the city of Louisville had become the sole owner by buying all of the water companys stock. Today, Louisville Water serves a total of 850,000 people through about 285,000 business and residential connections in the Louisville metro area via more than 4,000 miles of pipe. As the only shareholder, the city is paid annual dividends from the operations profits; it also gets its water free, as does the Louisville Fire Department. Between dividends and the free water, the deal is worth about $38 million a year to the city, says Dearing Smith. Meanwhile, the other half of the Louisville Water Co. profit is invested right back into the water systems assets, infrastructure and capital programs. Those have become increasingly important priorities over the last couple decades.

One type of cast-iron pipe made with the so-called deVaud process, which was installed from about 1925 to 1932, was especially prone to circumferential failures, says Coombs particularly in winter. It was not unusual to have 30 to 40 breaks a day during that winter period. Replacing that pipe became top priority. At the same time, Louisville Water embarked on a program of scraping out functioning cast-iron mains that had become impaired by tuberculation from rust buildup. Some of those mains were so clogged their effective diameter

was reduced to 2 to 3 inches. Once those pipes were cleaned out, crews sprayed a cement lining on the inside to prevent more rust. From 1992 to about 2007, We spent $120 million devoted to basically rehabbing a good portion of our system, Coombs says.

Net present value

Once the easy targets were taken care of, though, a more analytical approach became necessary. Louisville Water carefully evaluates the net present value of repair versus replacement for a failed pipe. If a pipe can be repaired inexpensively, with little disruption to
Keith Coombs, manager of infrastructure planning for Louisville Water.

PROFILE: Louisville (Ky.) Water Co.


Louisville Water carefully evaluates the net present value of repair versus replacement for a failed pipe.

850,000 people; 285,000 customer connections


Louisville, Ky., metro area, as well as parts of Bullitt, Nelson, Oldham, Shelby and Spencer counties

121 mgd


4,145 miles of transmission and distribution line


$143 million

Systematic maintenance
the last six years or so, the utility has been aiming a lot higher. Through a mix of inspection, cleaning, and continued repair and replacement efforts, Louisville Water is striving to achieve the best bang for its buck in ensuring the continuous improvement of its water distribution system. And it is doing so while grappling with declining per capita water consumption at the same time its customer base is growing. So even though water revenues arent going Repeated water main breaks, especially in cold weather, taxed the operation over the last few decades, so in 1992 the utility hired a consultant to get to the bottom of the problem and help establish a systematic program for inspection and repairs. What followed was a focus on 12-inch-diameter and smaller mains.
Lead operators Tina Smith and Danny Lile document water purification levels from water source checkpoints.

November 2013






Louisville Water gets its water from the Ohio River. But how it gets to the utility is changing. Until a few years ago, it all came straight out of the river, says Keith Coombs, manager of infrastructure planning for Louisville Water. That was easy, but it had its downside. The temperature fluctuations from as low as 35 degrees to above 85 degrees can be hard on cast-iron mains, causing major breaks especially in cold weather. In 2010, one of the utilitys two treatment plants began taking water from wells on the Ohios riverbank. Its still Ohio River water, but now that portion is from an aquifer that is replenished by the river. There are other advantages besides a consistent temperature (50 to 55 degrees). The chemistry of the water is more consistent, says Coombs. The well water requires less chemical treatment than raw river water, he notes. For now, about 25 to 35 percent of Louisvilles water comes from the riverbank filtration method; the rest still comes straight from the river. But that could change. In about seven to 10 years, the utilitys other treatment plant will also be converted to taking water from the aquifer. Once thats done well be completely on riverbank filtered water, says Coombs.
From left, Brandon Downing, general laborer; Jimmie Hood, utility worker; Jay Risinger, heavy equipment operator; Scott Corbin and Jimmy McGuire, plumber leader assistants; and Bart Matherly, plumber leader, worked on the 100-plus-year-old pipe on St. Catherine Street in Germantown.

level of risk of a repeat failure if the pipe isnt replaced. The potential need for future repairs is based on information such as soil corrosivity and whether repair tickets on the line indicate a lot of external corrosion already. The question of whether the main itself is undersized and should be replaced for that reason alone also is taken into account. Instead of attacking a particular class or vintage of pipe now, were looking to manage breaks from an economic standpoint, Coombs says.

Transmission lines
the community, repair may be preferable, Coombs explains. An example might be a distribution main located out of the way that can be fixed simply by putting a steel band around the cracked pipe at a cost of perhaps a thousand dollars or so. Even if future repairs are needed, theyre likely to be inexpensive and to create little disruption when compared with replacing the line. The other extreme might be a pipe that runs under a major roadway. Whether repaired or replaced, fixing the problem will mean disrupting traffic and possibly tearing up roadway that will have to be repaved. Its slow, tedious work, Coombs says. Its not uncommon for those to cost $40,000 a break. In those situations, a full-blown replacement is likely to be more costeffective, considering the risk that a repair might fail and have to be repeated. Factors include how many customers are affected when the pipe fails, what sort of impact repair versus replacement has on people using the communitys roadways and the At the same time, Louisville Water is also taking a close look at its transmission lines, which are considerably larger than the distribution lines and range from 24 to 72 inches in diameter. That requires a different approach. While there are 3,900 miles of distribution lines, there are 200 miles of the larger transmission lines. Were really trying to manage the smaller pipe failures to a reasonable level, says Coombs. Were not going to be able to eliminate those. There are orders of magnitude of difference between a dis-

tribution failure, which might cost a few thousand bucks to repair, and a transmission line failure, which can cost millions of dollars to repair through damage claims, the actual repair costs and restoration costs. We are trying to be more proactive with our transmission main system. About half of the utilitys transmission mains are prestressed concrete cylinder pipe a steel pipe, lined on the inside and coated on the outside with concrete, with prestressing steel wires embedded in the outer concrete shell. PCCP is generally strong and durable, but it can sometimes fail, says Coombs. Usually that happens when the concrete gets compromised, such as when cracks allow water to seep in and rust the steel wires that are supposed to enhance its durability. If they rust enough that they start breaking, that can then lead to damage to the steel and concrete components as well, increasing the risk of failure. In 2009, Louisville Water saw one such pipe fail. Coombs says the utility got lucky. It occurred at a great location the water was able (continued)

22 November 2013


November 2013


LEFT: A Louisville Water Company crew works on a leaking 48-inch water main. ABOVE: Manager of Government Affairs Vince Guenthner inside the purification chamber of the Crescent Hill filtration center.

Were really trying to manage the smaller pipe failures to a reasonable level. Were not going to be able to eliminate those. But there are orders of magnitude of difference between a distribution failure, which might cost a few thousand bucks to repair, and a transmission line failure, which can cost millions of dollars to repair through damage claims, the actual repair costs and restoration costs.
Keith Coombs to get away. There was minimal property damage, and it wasnt at a real high demand period, he says. There was also a backup line that could be easily put into service until the damaged line was repaired. But that was a wake-up call. Had it broken 2,000 feet down the line, the cost of that would probably have been $10 million, he says. We considered ourselves very fortunate. expected to be complete by 2019. While somewhere from 2 to 4 percent of the PCCP lines may have some damage, less than 1 percent will actually need to be fixed or replaced, says Coombs. But if it can be handled before failing, the cost is going to be much less, both in property damage and because less pipe will need to be fixed once a pipe fails, it typically damages additional pipe that connects to it. The utility has various tools for identifying problem pipes. When a line cannot be taken out of service, crews can send in a PipeDiver from Pure Technologies, which uses elecof evaluating various repair methods to develop criteria for which ones best suit specific circumstances. The utility is also exploring ways to better assess the quality of conventional ductile iron pipe, Coombs says.


tromagnetic sensors to detect problem wires in the pipe. Robotic units carrying cameras mounted on them can be used in water mains that can be taken out of service for the inspection, and in some mains that are big enough, workers may go through pipes themselves with inspection equipment. If repair is called for, there are a variety of options, including wrapping the line in steel, putting tension cables around it or even mending it with high-tech carbon fiber the same material being used in everything from bicycles to aircraft. Louisville Water is in the process

Economic challenges
All this is happening even as Louisville Water faces two seemingly contradictory trends: less water use meaning tighter revenue and expanding demand for water distribution infrastructure. Over the last 20 years or so, the utility has lost about half of its industrial customers. And the ones that

have stayed with us have drastically decreased the amount of water theyre using, Coombs says. And while the residential and commercial customer base is growing modestly, individual usage is falling, thanks to trends such as smaller families and the use of water-saving fixtures in homes and businesses. So while the number of accounts grows at about 2 to 3 percent a year, thats offset by the diminishing individual usage. Yet, Coombs notes, We still have to maintain pump systems and distribution systems. Having to maintain the extensive base of assets means that even though usage is falling, water rates may creep up to cover costs that continue to increase. Those trends make it even more important to get the most out of the assets that Louisville Water has and to make repairs more effective and less expensive. Were trying to be proactive with our transmission main assessment work to ultimately prevent a failure, Coombs says. When those pipes go, it is on the news. It is a big event. Theres a big impact on customers; theres a lot of property damage. Its just not a very good day. But by stepping up now to solve problems before they happen, Louisville Waters personnel hope to make the good days happen a lot more often, and keep the not-sogood ones to a minimum. F

Systematic inspection
Louisville Water is now spending about $2 to $3 million a year to check those PCCP lines, doing about 8 to 10 miles a year. The project is

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November 2013



NASSCO (National Association of Sewer Service Companies) is located at 2470 Longstone

Lane, Suite M, Marriottsville, MD 21104; 410/442-7473;

By Ted DeBoda, P.E.
uring a recent trade show presentation, the presenters were explaining that a collection system owner was expanding PACP condition grade 5 to include grades 6, 7 and 8. During the Q&A period, someone asked what NASSCO thought about this modification of PACP. While this practice should not be considered PACP standard, the municipality is using the program to help establish priorities for asset management in their system, and we at NASSCO are pleased that PACP is supporting this municipality. In a similar situation, PACP inspection was used rather than an LACP report to document O&M defects in laterals. Use of the MGO (Miscellaneous, General Observa-

Nonconforming use of PACP has helped some municipalities establish priorities and better meet their unique needs

to their benefit. In both examples, we must assume the inspection was conducted and the data was collected in accordance with PACP. In the first case, condition grades are being used to assist the owner in deciding how to allocate limited resources. Condition grades provide a very high-level screening tool to provide a basis for likelihood of failure, an important ingredient in asset management and an appropriate use of the PACP condition grades. The owner applied sound asset management techniques to expand this screening tool and effectively allocate their resources. Note that these condition grades do not take the place of good engineering judgment. This will be addressed in a later issue.

As a standard, it is important that the PACP manual and training materials remain consistent and unwavering. A standard is weakened when it is arbitrarily changed, but NASSCO is pleased that the program supports owners who modify the use of PACP to their benefit.
tion) code is appropriate in PACP, but this does not provide data that can be queried by the owner to identify which sewer customer is experiencing a problem with their lateral (such as a root ball). Some owners have developed procedures to identify these defects either proactively or when called by a property owner to help them sustain their level of service to the customer. As a standard, it is important that the PACP manual and training materials remain consistent and unwavering. A standard is weakened when it is arbitrarily changed, but NASSCO is pleased that the program supports owners who modify the use of PACP Using the lateral example above, certified PACP users understand that the percentage of the pipe blocked by an RBL (root ball in a lateral) refers to the main pipe and not the lateral. If they can see the root ball two joints into the lateral, PACP dictates that the lateral is not defective. However, if the operator notes that the tap is defective, defects inside the lateral such as root balls can be described either in the remarks column of the defective tap code, or by using the MGO code. Defective taps can then be queried and identified on the final report and subsequent video. While the tap is not defective in accordance with PACP

standards, this procedure allows the owner to provide better service to their customers. Accuracy of data collected from CCTV work is certainly an important factor in PACP. However, standardization of the data is equally important. Accurate, standardized PACP data has substantially increased the usefulness of data well beyond the original purpose for collecting the data. Consultants have developed detailed algorithms that take raw PACP data and establish rehabilitation recommendations that can be used for any of their clients who use PACP. Also, owners use this data to determine the required frequency of cleaning, to help locate laterals for line marking operations, and to determine responsibilities in restoring a customers service. While none of these uses are considered a part of PACP, all use the consistency and accuracy of the PACP data collected. It is exactly that consistency and accuracy that have allowed the technological advances in both assessment and rehabilitation of underground infrastructure. NASSCO appreciates the importance of standardization that PACP provides, but as pipeline assessment procedures and technologies advance, PACP also needs to advance to meet the needs of the industry. NASSCO is working hard to update PACP to version 7.0, while striving to maintain the standardization that has propelled our industry forward. You can help us by sending photographs that define the proper use of PACP codes. Photographs that are not used in the PACP manual may be made available as supplemental references at F Ted DeBoda is executive director of NASSCO. He can be reached at

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26 November 2013



Automated tank cleaning programs can save time and labor and improve worker safety

By Peter Kenter
ewer and water systems contain endless varieties of tanks, vessels, digesters, lift stations and wet wells that require continued maintenance. In many cases, theyre cleaned using hoses, high pressure washing devices and brute human force supplied by workers who often enter tanks to achieve acceptable results. What is the most important factor that contributes to a cleaning program? To us, the most important factor in tank cleaning has nothing to do with cleaning the tank, says Michael Delaney, vice president of business development with automated tank cleaning equipment manufacturer Gamajet. It has to do with promoting worker safety by eliminating the use of confinedspace entry while cleaning, when that cleaning could easily be handled by an automated system. (See sidebar.) Gamajet was founded about 60 years ago, offering a cleaning system that applied detergent to the insides of ocean-going oil tankers. About 20 years ago, the company diversified to include tank cleaning across a number of industries using a wide range of cleaning systems and nozzles. The companys approach to cleaning employs rotary impingement tank cleaning machines. The system combines pressure and flow to create high-impact jets, which clean when the concentrated stream impacts the enclosures interior surface, says Delaney. This impact and the tangential force that radiates from the point of impact blasts contaminants from

the surface, scouring the tank interior. The action of the cleaner is a shearing force, which works more like a putty knife in removing material from enclosure walls. The jets rotate in a precise 360-degree pattern to ensure the entire interior is cleaned. Its like a Spirograph that eventually covers the entire interior surface of the enclosure.

Engineered tank cleaning

Each cleaning application may be engineered differently, ranging from smaller enclosures to lift stations, sewage tanks and vacuum trucks. Beyond the advantage of getting workers out of confined spaces, the goal is to thoroughly clean an enclosure in less time with less labor and fewer resources, notes Delaney. Municipal clients first need to assess their goals, whether improved worker safety, reduced labor cost, reduced use of cleaning fluids (largely water), reduced downtime for customers and better system performance. They next need to describe how the enclosure is currently cleaned and the type, size and interior layout of the enclosure. Cleaning jets need to reach the interior surface of the enclosures from wherever the automatic cleaning device is placed. We have to look at the entry points of the enclosure as well, says Delaney. One of the engineering challenges is to create a cleaning unit with a small enough gearbox so that it will fit through a tiny access hole and still provide cleaning power. In some cases, where access is very controlled, the client may install a permanent cleaning

The Gamajet cleaning nozzle is lowered into a manhole, eliminating the need for confined space entry. RIGHT: Crew members prepare to clean out a below-ground holding tank, again eliminating the need for confined space entry.

system inside the enclosure. Weve seen lift stations becoming much larger, so that sometimes a permanent system using more than one jet is required.

Identifying the grime

Next, clients need to describe the type of material that needs to be cleaned. While sewage sludge is definitely on the list of prime offenders, Delaney says that coatings of fats, oils and grease represent the most stubborn stain on municipal hit lists. In most cases, the cleaning fluid used on municipal jobs is ambient temperature water. If the work is located near a fire hydrant or a

water plant, the volume of water used for cleaning is usually not an issue for the client. If the water is delivered to the site in a combo

28 November 2013


Confined-space entry continues to represent a major cause of fatalities among U.S. workers. In the four-year period between 2005 and 2009, the U.S. Department of Labor reported 481 permit-required confined-space fatalities. Virtually all tanks, vessels and enclosures large enough for human entry meet the definition of confined spaces. While any tank that requires cleaning cant be considered empty of contents, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration notes that even tanks believed to be empty have historically been associated with numerous incidents: A tank is never safe for entry until properly and thoroughly evaluated to ensure there are no actual or potential atmospheric hazards that can affect the oxygen content, flammability or toxicity. Workers and employers are required to follow regulations covering entry into permit-required confined spaces, including OSHAs 29 CFR 1910.146. However, the agency recommends that workers perform as much work as possible without entry.

concrete wet wells and manholes to stand up to acids like hydrogen sulfide and can prepare a surface for remediation.

How many nozzles?

Gamajet automatic cleaners typically offer either two- or threenozzle machines. A two-nozzle machine operating at 100 pounds per square inch and 100 gallons per minute can deliver 50 gpm per nozzle. A three-nozzle machine operating at 100 psi and 100 gpm will offer 33 gpm per nozzle and a lower impact force in a tighter pattern. For most municipal applications, the Gamajet is suspended through an opening and lowered into the enclosure, notes Delaney. The two-nozzle machine is a much better choice for those applications because its self-balancing. The three-nozzle machine tends to be less stable when suspended. The client also needs to determine how frequently the tank will be cleaned monthly, weekly, daily or as needed. If the cleaning program proves effective by reducing costs and eliminating labor, it often changes the parameters of the cleaning program, says Delaney. They tend to

using a long wand on a pressure washer, then vacuum up the chunks using a jet vac, says Taylor. A station in this condition would typically take 45 minutes to an hour to clean. Taylor says he fitted a Gamajet VIII to the existing hose and pump on a municipal vacuum truck, lowered the machine on the hose into the lift station, and then turned on the truck pump. No special tools or stands are needed as it will remain steady hanging from the hose in operation, he says. In 11 minutes the solids had been broken down to the point where the pumps were able to push them, in fluid form, down to the waste facility to be treated. Total time was about 15 minutes per station, eliminating worker exposure to the open lift station and reducing the hauling of waste from the stations in the vac trucks.

truck, then water becomes more of an expense. In some cases, clients use graywater or even pond water for cleaning, says Delaney. Thats not a problem as long as the water is filtered of particulates that can prematurely wear out system com-

pressure to get the fluid through the plumbing to the business end of the device. Our equipment includes an impeller that actually reduces the rotation speed of the jets, because we dont want the cleaning fluid stream to break apart, says Delaney.

Economics of effective cleaning

In many cases, the economic argument for using more effective cleaning methods involves pump efficiency. In some lift stations, Ive seen coatings of fats, oil and grease 2 to 3 feet thick along the walls, says Delaney. Since lift station pumps are located down below, the grease is really impeding the liquid flow. Even though the pumps are designed to chop up the material, a steady diet of grease will cut their service life drastically. Maintenance of the Gamajet system largely involves operator replacement of worn seals and O-rings. In municipal settings, were typically seeing the systems run for four years or more without requiring maintenance, says Delaney. As long as the water used to clean is filtered of particulate, the jets will go a long time between servicing. F

Beyond the advantage of getting workers out of confined spaces, the goal is to thoroughly clean an enclosure in less time with less labor and fewer resources.
Michael Delaney ponents. Getting a twig stuck in the nozzle is a definite deal breaker. The final consideration will be the design of the spray delivery system, including the number of nozzles, the flow rate of the cleaning fluids and the gear ratio of the equipment that will deliver the necessary cleaning power. In most cases, wastewater clients provide their own pumps, often the ones mounted on combo trucks or in some cases using a fire truck, and we design the system around that, says Delaney. Were often asked how many pounds of pressure our equipment delivers, because many people assume thats the most important factor in effective tank cleaning. Its just one factor, but not even the most important one. Cleaning water is typically delivered to the Gamajet cleaning unit at about 100 to 200 psi, enough We also keep the pressure low to prevent the stream from atomizing into water droplets. What were looking for is a compact and solid stream of fluid hitting the walls at top impact, delivering a certain number of gallons per minute. However, we dont want a stream so violent that it can damage the concrete walls of some enclosures. Although effective at cutting through grease and sludge, the cleaning jets cant cut through human flesh. The worst it would do if you got in the way is to give you a bruise, Delaney says. Gamajets have also been used to apply chemicals designed to neutralize acids to the interiors of concrete enclosures, including brick and concrete manholes. Its like watching Pepto Bismol sprayed on the inside of the enclosure, says Delaney. The chemicals help the walls of the brick and clean earlier and more often before the problem gets out of hand.

A case in point
Matt Taylor, owner of Gamajet distributor Cleancut LLC of Lafayette, La., has assisted numerous municipal clients in developing automated cleaning programs. In the city of Covington, La., the target was lift station maintenance. Previously to clean these, a worker would break up the solids

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November 2013


WEve Saved you a spot!

When you step onto the Pumper & Cleaner Expo show floor, youre entering the hub of your industry. Its where the magic happens. Its where you trade ideas, make connections and learn about the newest technologies and best money saving strategies. So make your reservation today! Get in on the excitement, come enjoy the show and find out why the 2014 Pumper & Cleaner Expo is where its at!

These industries will be represented at the 2014 Expo

Septic Pumping Onsite Installation Portable Sanitation Dewatering Grease Handling Sewer Cleaning TV Inspection Pipeline Rehab/CIPP Waterblasting High-Pressure Cleaning Safety Equipment Confined Space Lift Station Maintenance Computer Software Industrial Vacuuming Hydroexcavation Underground

Laterals & Mainlines

Trenchless Pipe Repair Utility Location Water treatment

Register by January 24 to receive the early bird rate of $50 per person!
$70 per person at the door. Children 12 and under admitted free.

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Or by calling 866-933-2653

Education Day |
Lessons Learned During Sewer Rehab on Public and Private Property Pipe Bursting a Mature and Diverse Trenchless Technology Resurgence of Chemical Grout Industry: Niche Business Opportunities Chemical & Biological Control of F.O.G. in a 2,500-Mile Collection System Lateral Rehabilitation, Whats Available Fiber Optic Temperature Sensing Technology for CIPP Cure Quality Control

Monday February 24, 2014

NAWT National Association of Wastewater Technicians
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m.
CSA 2010 Implementation/Impact on Carriers/Drivers DataQs: When and How to Challenge US DOT Update/Recent, Upcoming and Proposed Regulations What is a Good Septic System Inspection? The History of the PSMA Hydraulic Load Process Improving Arizonas Inspection Program to Meet Modern Challenge

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m. 8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m. 8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 8 a.m.

NAssco National Association of Sewer Service Companies

NEha National Environmental Health Association

DEER in the Headlights Basic Chemistry of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Making the Most of Experience: Training and Credentials for Wastewater Pros Winners Communicate Best Available New Technology Best Available New Technology: How to Get Your Regulators on Board

Nowra National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association

Site Evaluation and Design of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m. 8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m.
Why Do We Care About Soils? Design for Dummies How to Do a Good Site Evaluation Designing for Tough Sites Wastewater and Soils: Clean It Up AND Get It To Go Away Good Installation for Long-Term User Satisfaction Look Out for Gophers! Taking Care of Mound Systems ATUs - How to Make them Work Rest Stops: A Case Study of Challenging Wastewater Troubleshooting Onsite Systems Installation Mistakes: How to Avoid and Fix Them Marketing & Customer Service for Small Business Owners

Npca National Precast Concrete Association

7 Things About Design, Installation & Maintenance of Precast Concrete Tanks Grease Interceptors: A Slick Solution to a Greasy Problem

From Installation to Marketing Your Business and Everything in Between


Waterjet Technology Association Industrial & Municipal Cleaning Assoc.

Preparing for your First High Pressure Waterjetting Job Vacuum Truck Operation and Safety Hydroexcavation: Getting the Best Bang for Your Buck

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m.

Southern Section Collection Systems Committee

Safety Session
Preventing Tank Truck Rollovers

Personal Safety Understanding the Nuances of a Quality CCTV Inspection Program In the Trenches with Trenchless Pipeline Repair and Renewal Nozzle Application: What, Why, Where, When and How? Stop It! A Closer Look at Plugging Getting the Most out of Your Combination Unit

John Conley

9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m.

Portable Sanitation Association international

State of Global Sanitation Industry Image Visions of the PSAI and the Education Initiative Whats New with OSHA Safety Requirements An Introduction to Entering the Federal Government Contracting Arena

Business Training & Marketing

1:30 p.m. 3 p.m. 4:30 p.m.
Marketing on a Shoestring Getting SomeBrand Recognition The Online Marketing Toolbox

Suzan Chin

Sales & Customer Service

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 1:30 p.m.
Be Always Profitable: Setting up the Sale Be Always Profitable: Your Best Sales Presentation Be Always Profitable: Servicing Your Sale Be Always Profitable: Our Attitude to Success

Frank Taciak November 2013

VIEW full SESSIon dEtaIlS at:


Tuesday Sessions
february 25, 2014

Wednesday Sessions
february 26, 2014

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Dont Fear the Shapefile Whats Important for Your Company; Is it Size, or Profit or Both? 1 + 1 = 14: Cleaning and Inspection Equipment Working as on Entity

Business TrAck
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Improving Profitability through Tracking How Paperless Operations Save Time and Money Book More Calls Wow More Customers

NAWT Land APPLication TrAck

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Be Ready to Land Apply Soils and Cropping Systems Land Application Rates and Nutrient Management

Portable Track
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Deodorizers and Making the Right Choices Oh Shift! 6 Future Trends You Must Gear Up For to Compete and Succeed Portable Restroom Service Units

Safety Compliance Track

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
OSHA Confined Space and Fall Protection Untangled Air Monitoring Application for the Liquid Waste Industry T.B.D.

Municipal Track
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Sewer Cleaning 101 Underground Coatings Restore Deteriorated Infrastructure How Small Contractors Can Make Big Money Doing Manhole Rehabilitation

Municipal Track
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Sealing - Take Control of Inflow & Infiltration in Manhole Sealing Systems DC Water is Utilizing CIPP to Rehabilitate the Nations Capital Nozzle Explanation and Selections

Liquid Waste Track

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Right Sizing Your Pump System Make More Money by Using a Biological Product with Your Services Septic Drainfield Restoration

Installer Track
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Septic Tank Bells and Whistles Aeration Units for On-Site Septic Systems Understanding ATUs, their Service Requirement, and Maintenance

Advertising & Marketing Track

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Advertising and Marketing for Service Companies Getting Sales Personnel to Properly Price and Present 7 Incredibly Effective Ways to Improve Your Sales

General Track
8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m.
Portable - The Best of Both Worlds - Liquids vs. Portion Control Deodorizers Vacuum Loaders - Taking the Mystery out of Vacuum Truck Operation DOT Compliance - The Value of DOT Certification for Vacuum Trucks

Customer Service & Employee Development

8 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 11 a.m. 32
Gen Y + Gen X + Baby Boomers = #@$%??? Get and Keep the Best Co-Workers Win, Win, Win in Residential Service Contracting

Onsite Installer Course

8 a.m. 5 p.m.
All Day Installer Course Jim Anderson and Dave Gustafson
Sponsored by COLE Publishing and Onsite Installer Magazine

November 2013

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The interior of the pipe shows no buildup after ice pigging. (Photography by Mark Perry)


By Peter Kenter


Danbury, N.C., successfully gambles on ice pigging to clean its distribution pipes and solve water quality problems

34 November 2013

n August 2012, Danbury, N.C., became the first U.S. city to formally contract ice pigging service to clean its water mains. The technique employs the friction of ice slurry to remove impurities such as biofilm, iron and manganese sediment from water pipes, without the use of mechanical systems. A local success, ice pigging is now being mobilized across the country. Danbury is a town of fewer than 200 people located close to the southern border of Virginia, about 50 miles northwest of Greensboro. The water system is only 40 years old and was acquired by Stokes County in 1978 and leased to the town. Contractors operated the system until 2008, when the county assumed full responsibility for its operation. The water system, in good condition due to its recent vintage, consists of about 2.5 miles of 6-inch PVC pipe. Stokes County staff members are responsible for water sampling, testing, flushing and valve exercising. Equipment is pooled and shared among neighboring communities. The town relies, for example, on nearby Walnut Cove to offer its trailer jetter from Sewer Equipment Company of America as needed. All

Mark Delehant, Public Works director for Stokes County, inspects equipment at the Stokes County wastewater treatment plant.

The water system faces two major challenges. It offers only about 100,000 gallons of storage and the towns two wells provide a combined output of only about 80 gallons per minute.
Mark Delehant work requiring excavation, from construction to heavy maintenance and repair, is outsourced. In terms of system responsibility, the buck stops at the desk of Stokes County Public Works Director Mark Delehant, who took on the top job in 2008. He acts as water and sewer system manager for Stokes County, which owns several other systems in different areas of the county.

The water system faces two major challenges, says Delehant. It offers only about 100,000 gallons of storage and the towns two wells provide a combined output of only about 80 gallons per minute. With limited supply and storage, all leaks must be addressed immediately or we run the risk of draining the town water supply. While the system serves only 100 connections, some of those connections require more water than others. As the county seat, Danbury hosts a hospital, county jail, courthouse and administrative buildings.

PROFILE: County of Stokes (N.C.) Water System


1977 (Danbury)
The inside of a pipe showing the buildup of iron and manganese prior to ice pigging.

189 (Danbury)

100 (Danbury)

Water quality an issue

The presence of iron and manganese in the water has also presented an ongoing problem for customers. Danbury customers regularly experienced iron that on occasion would result in dingy looking water and even stained clothes, says Delehant. Customers would come by my office and hand me a bottle of discolored water and complain. The water utilitys attempts to flush the pipes clean of deposits

proved counterproductive. A surge of water would loosen only some of the coating, enough to discolor the water further, says Delehant. With only 100,000 gallons of stored water, we never had enough water volume to properly scour the pipe. Delehant next began to look at traditional pigging sending a mechanical device, or pig, down the pipe to scrub it clean. I learned that mechanical pigging of water mains involved considerable cost, downtime and risk, such as pipe damage and getting the pig stuck inside the main, he says. One contractor said his pig could do 90 degree angles, but if it got


1 square mile (Danbury)


4 (Stokes County)


2.5 miles of water mains, 1.5 miles of sewer lines (Danbury)


Sewer $170,000; Water $65,000 (Danbury)


American Water Works Association, NC Rural Water Association (Stokes County)

WEBSITE: November 2013




The two chillers, which produce the ice used in the ice pigging operation, flank the brine tank.

Ice pigging has proved an effective way to clean water mains, but not all projects are created equal. Ice pigging is an excellent treatment for biofilms, iron, manganese, sediment and grit, says Paul Treloar, ice pigging project manager with Utility Service Group. Grease, oils and fats can also be successfully removed. Ice pigging does not, however, represent an ideal solution for tuberculation. Although its likely to remove some of the tuberculation, its a cleaning tool, not a pipe remediation tool, he says. You dont want to knock off too much material at one time and cause pipe blockages. If were asked to clean a tuberculated pipe of other contaminants, we generally run the slurry a little warmer, so it isnt quite as abrasive. The process is effective in cleaning pipes ranging from 1/4 to 24 inches in diameter. The slurry must fill about 20 percent of the pipes capacity. Treloar notes that ice pigging has also proved successful in cleaning sewer lines. However, it can only be used on force mains, not gravity lines, he says. You need that water pressure to drive the pig.


The dirty brine exits the water system and empties into a septic truck. By the end of the operation, the brine was coming out clear.

stuck, we would have to dig it out on our dime.

Discovering ice pigging

Further investigation led Delehant to ice pigging, a process which uses icy brine to scour pipe interiors. While the technique has been used in Europe and elsewhere, ice pigging was being offered in the U.S. only by Utility Service Group of Atlanta, Georgia, the exclusive license holder for ice pigging for water and wastewater applications in the U.S. and Canada. I was familiar with the company, says Delehant. Once I learned more about the process it seemed a perfect fit for my problem. There was no price premium and ice pigging required very little water system downtime, no excavation, utilized very little water and carried no risk of harming my 30-plus-year-old pipes. The only real risk appeared

to be that it wouldnt work. Once the contract with Utility Service Group was signed, Delehant examined the system map to locate fire hydrants and inline valves to identify segments of line that could

clean the entire mainline in four segments we installed two 2-inch blow-offs so they could be used as injection/extraction points. The project design consisted of 18,500 feet of 6-inch line. The four segments measured 8,000 feet, 5,000 feet, 4,000 feet and 1,500 feet. Delehant next scheduled service dates and notified customers of the times their service would be interrupted. He also identified a staging area for equipment in close proximity to a fire hydrant.

First in America
After initial trials in other cities using a demonstration rig, the first official American application of

The water system faces two major challenges. It offers only about 100,000 gallons of storage and the towns two wells provide a combined output of only about 80 gallons per minute.
Mark Delehant be isolated, with an injection point at one end and an extraction point at the other. The points had to follow the direction of flow away from the water supply tank, since ice slurry is pushed through the line using only existing system pressure. Another consideration was how many feet of line could be cleaned with the amount of ice their machine would produce, says Delehant. To water main ice pigging began with the shipment of full-sized equipment from the U.K. to North Carolina. Delehant notes that the delivery of the equipment raised a few eyebrows. Some of the residents thought it looked like we were taking delivery of a brand new liquor still, he jokes. Overseeing the Danbury project were Paul Treloar, ice pigging project manager, and Andy Tillman, water

systems consultant, both with Utility Service Group. Treloar witnessed one of the earliest applications of ice pigging while working for the city of Bristol about 10 years ago. The technique was developed by Professor Joe Quarini from the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Bristol, says Treloar. I wasnt with Bristol Water but I saw that ice pigging was going to succeed. Treloar oversaw the successful ice pigging of 66 miles of water mains coated with biofilm in Dordrecht, Netherlands and also supervised projects in Germany, Australia and other countries. The ice pig itself is slushy brine, says Treloar. It acts as a solid but can be pumped like a liquid. It doesnt so much bulldoze the impurities as scour the inside of the pipe and then soak up impurities like a sponge. Its an exceptionally low-risk process because, unlike a mechanical pig that might get stuck in the main or damage butterfly valves, an ice pig will melt quickly. Concerns about damage to water mains suddenly exposed to freezing temperatures have also proved groundless. Treloar says that stress gauge tests have shown that the contraction of water mains is negligible and wont lead to pipe breakage.

Time to chill
Ice pigging equipment consists (continued)

36 November 2013

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Water sewer maintenance technicians connect a jetter hose to a root saw.

of a brine tank and a chiller that cools the brine to about 22 to 26 degrees F. Since ice pigging requires about one-third the water used in traditional flushing, Danbury relied on its own water reserves. The water was converted to a 4.7 percent brine solution the equivalent of seawater using food-grade table salt cer-

tified by the National Sanitation Foundation International. The chilling process is controlled by an operator and may require 36 hours before the slurry is ready for injection into the system. Initially, we had the ice-making machine on one truck and the holding tank on another, but we now

have everything mounted on a single trailer, says Tillman. Two operators oversee the pigging process, which typically takes three hours to complete. The pig is driven by system pressure alone no additional pumps are required. Once operators know that ice is on the way, they pull water samples from the hydrant every 30 seconds to monitor progress. We ice pigged our first segment of 8,000 feet at night, beginning at 6 p.m., says Delehant. That allowed for easier traffic control and with cooler temperatures we felt we would maintain the consistency of our ice for what would be our longest run. Once the pig was launched, I positioned myself at the extraction point so I could see the results firsthand. At first I saw my dingy water turn from light brown, to dark brown, to black and finally to clear. The first segment required 1,600 gallons of ice and 18,635 gallons of water. The salt water is disposed of according to local regulations. In some cases its captured in a truck

tank, while in others its drained to the sanitary sewer system. Since the successful Danbury project, Utility Service Group has added a second ice pigging unit to its equipment lineup and completed other projects across the country, including the conversion of a 50year-old raw water line to a distribution main in Bedford, Pennsylvania. Delehants souvenir of the experience is a pair of pipe core samples, showing before and after conditions. Ive since recommended ice pigging to other utilities that have heard about our project, says Delehant. I cant speak to how successful ice pigging might be in addressing other issues, but it was very successful in getting rid of the iron and manganese deposits from the interior lining of our PVC pipe. F

Sewer Equipment Co. of America 800/323-1604 Utility Service Group 855/526-4413

The County of Stokes team includes, from left, Ricky Bennett and Brad Montgomery, Stokes County Public Works maintenance technicians; Fred Summers of the N.C. Rural Water Association; Mark Delehant, Public Works director for Stokes County; Mark Bowman, assistant Public Works director for the Town of Walnut Cove, and Kevin Webb, Public Works director for the Town of Walnut Cove.

38 November 2013

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November 2013

Expo Spotlight

By Ed Wodalski
first-time exhibitor at the Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo, STAC was looking to acquaint visitors with its Thermaflow hydraulic cooling system. They have to drive a blower or vacuum pump, and most of them are driven with a driveshaft, says Tom Klingbeil, production manager with STAC. We tried to explain to them how it could be driven hydraulically. And how hydraulics can save maintenance and [reduce] breakdown issues, as well as the actual handling of the unit itself when youre loading and unloading. Following up on several leads from the show, Klingbeil says STAC will be back in 2014. People really didnt know what we had; they had never seen it before, he says. The fact that we had it on a rolling truck frame made it stick out; people were looking and wondering what it was. The stainless steel mobile hydraulic systems are available in three models (675, 932 and 500P) and mount behind the cab. The cooler can be mounted when the truck is built or added later. The 100-pound model 675 is 12 inches wide, 34 inches tall and 34

inches long. It has a maximum flow rate of 50 gpm, standard psi of 3,000 and optional psi of 5,000. Reservoir capacity is 7.2 gallons. The compact model 934 weighs 77 pounds and is 9.25 inches wide, 20 inches tall and 22 inches long. It has a maximum flow rate of 30 gpm, standard psi of 3,000 and optional psi of 5,000. Reservoir capacity is 4 gallons. Both the 675 and 934 have 1 1/2-inch NPT male suction porting and No. 12 JIC male pressure and return. Designed for the propane bobtail market, model 500P uses a small amount of propane to cool the hydraulic system. The propane is pumped back into the bobtail tank, where it helps stabilize the tank to mainPeople really didnt tain higher flow and increase know what we had; they pump life by reducing cavitation. had never seen it before. The unit has a maximum flow rate The fact that we had it of 30 gpm and standard 3,000 psi. Weighing 52 pounds dry, the on a rolling truck frame cooler is 7 inches wide, 17 1/2 made it stick out; people inches tall and 13 1/2 inches long. were looking and The reservoir holds 2.5 gallons. wondering what it was. The cooler has 1 1/2-inch NPT female suction porting and No. 12 Tom Klingbeil JIC male pressure and return. Whenever you have a system running on hydraulics, the oil heats up, and heat is an enemy of oil, Klingbeil says. You have to remove the heat, and thats what these [coolers] are designed to do. We can design the whole hydraulic system, use our coolers to cool the system and keep the weight down with a smaller reservoir. Klingbeil says the coolers can be used on anything that has a continuously operating motor. Maintenance generally involves checking the oil and filter and replacing the oil once a year. 800/334-7699; www.therma F

Tom Klingbeil (right), production manager with STAC, explains to an Expo attendee how Thermaflow hydraulic oil cooling systems can save on equipment maintenance.


Education Day: Feb. 24, 2014 n Exhibits Open: Feb. 25 - 27, 2014 Indiana Convention Center, Indianapolis, Indiana
40 November 2013


Expo guests given first-time look at Thermaflow hydraulic cooling system



By Craig Mandli
Quickly locating the source of infiltration and inflow in sewer systems can save utilities thousands in operating costs and wasted resources. The items below, including electronic leak detectors and utility line locators, smoke locators, dyes and push TV cameras, will help you ramp up your line locating and leak detection programs safely and efficiently.

Electronic Line Locators

The UtiliGuard utility locating system from Ditch Witch features ambient interference measurement (AIM), which automatically scans the surrounding area for noise, and recommends the best frequency among its 70 options. It measures distances (depth) both horizontally and vertically to the utility to help users make more accurate locates of obstructed utilities. The system has an intuitive, six-button, multi-language operator interface and a highcontrast LCD display to ensure visibility in all conditions, including direct sunlight. A dual-output feature allows users to connect the transmitter to two utilities at once, and the system is Bluetooth-enabled to simplify data transfers. Its rugged housing with IP65 rating protects against dusty, dirty and wet conditions, and its transmitter and receiver battery life is 100 and 30 hours, respectively. 800/654-6481;

Utility locating system

Electronic Leak Detection

Acoustic leak detector
The TriCorr Touch from Fluid Conservation Systems uses information gathered from acoustic leak noise sensors placed at intervals along a pipeline to identify and locate leaks in a water distribution system. It automatically runs 55 filter combinations on the correlation data, which allows it to check the quality of the results and optimize filter settings as required, until the clearest and most accurate result is presented. 800/531-5465;

Sensitive leak detector

The sensitive LD30 leak detector from MyTana Mfg. Company features a six-band frequency selector that helps match its listening range to the leak. Originally developed for the nuclear power industry, the unit comes complete with two sensors, various probe rods and a convenient case to keep it protected when not in use. 800/328-8170;

The Mag Pro II from Dunham & Morrow is a portable, precision single-axis gradiometer featuring an LCD panel meter on the top that displays the magnitude of the magnetic field gradient in milligauss. It has a variable-frequency audio output signal that is directly proportional to the magnitude of the external magnetic field gradient. Features include four full scale ranges (2, 20, 200 and 2,000 milligauss), ruggedized components for extended field use in harsh environments and 40 hours of operating time from four AA alkaline batteries. Shock-mounted sensors maintain proper sensor alignment even when exposed to harsh physical abuse. Sensors are waterproof from the bottom of the electronics housing to the sensor tip. 703/661-2144;

Magnetic gradiometer

Tethered leak detector

The Sahara from Pure Technologies US is a tethered leak-detection tool used to locate leaks and gas pockets in pressurized pipelines. It allows the operator close control and sensitivity during inspections, with no disruption to regular pipeline service. The sensitive acoustic sensor is able to locate pinhole-sized leaks. The platform also includes inline video to observe live pipe conditions. Surveys are completed while the pipeline remains in service by inserting the sensor through a tap. A small parachute uses the flow of water to draw the sensor through the pipeline while it remains tethered to the surface, allowing for real-time results and tight control. It can be moved back and forth using a winch system to confirm suspected leaks. It combines acoustic leak detection, inline video and tool tracking in one application. 403/2666794;

The Easy Locator HDR from MALA GeoScience USA features a single-frequency transducer that allows the detection and imaging of targets from small near-surface service connections to deeper larger-transmission facilities. Users can zoom in for visualization of small near-surface targets or out for maximum range to view the deepest targets. The detection limits span a broader range of various-size utility targets, particularly nonmetallic, nonconductive utilities such as plastic, asphalt composite, concrete, terracotta and more. Other features include a built-in DGPS receiver and upgradeable GPS Mapper software for mapping utilities marked digitally. The screen capture function allows users to turn screen shots into JPGs to record and archive a locate on the screen. The Rough Terrain Cart (RTC) is available, as well as the portable foldable version outfitted for urban streetscapes. 843/852-5021;

High dynamic range locator

42 November 2013

Line locating device

controlled by two buttons, and a zero button that automatically calibrates it to ambient magnetic conditions. 855/422-6346;

The LineFinder LF2200 from Prototek Corporation locates frequency sondes or transmitter box between 16 Hz and 100 kHz using its frequency sniffing feature. It features preset support of 16 Hz (steel or ductile iron as well as cast-iron and nonmetallic), 512 Hz (cast-iron or nonmetallic) and 8 kHz (nonmetallic only) sondes, and traces underground metallic lines at four built-in industry standard frequencies using an external transmitter box (other frequencies can also be sniffed). It passively locates underground power at 50 or 60 Hz. Power frequency, as well as scaling in English or metric units, are user selectable. A series of LCD screens (with automatic backlight compensation) guides through the steps to locating sondes and lines with accurate position and precise depth. Locating is enhanced by handle vibration and LED feedback at key locating points. 800/541-9123;

Flowline EchoPod DL14 level transmitters, distributed by Harrington Industrial Plastics, are used to measure sodium hypochlorite generated to disinfect potable drinking water. They provide continuous level measurement data to the chlorine generation controller. As the level falls, chlorine production increases. As it rises, production decreases and stops when full. 909/597-8641;

Level transmitter

The ML-3 ferrous metal locator from SubSurface Instruments is a lightweight (1.8 pounds) locator featuring a sleek tubular shape, and construction of durable aircraftgrade aluminum. The 100 percent waterproof unit is SSI tested to depths of over 200 feet. It has eight gain settings

Lightweight metal locator

Smoke Locators
The Power Smoker from Hurco Technologies is designed to smoke test sewer lines quickly and cost-effectively. Using laboratory tested safe (continued)

Steel-body smoke tester


Made in the USA The Most Efficient and Powerful Expanding Riser on the Market. Riser heights 3/4 and up in all diameters. 1 diametric variance and DOT approved in most states.

Vehicle Damage Claims Material Cost for Cold Patch Labor and Disposal Costs


NEW! INCLINED RISER. Now you can RAISE & TILT the manhole cover.

I.D. Locator allows Sewer Lid Seal Kit Rubber Adjusting EZ Lift will unseat, Catch Basin & lift, and set down a Ring protects Valve Box Risers for easy location of eliminates common utilities manhole cover in reduce costs and sub-structure, lid vibration and one smooth streamline adjustments and aids in identify- reduces moisture eliminates noise ing striping motion and vibration penetration



November 2013




LiquiSmoke and a SuperJet muffler, the system offers virtually a 100 percent burn of the LiquiSmoke. A solid cast-aluminum impeller provides durability and maximum air movement. Models are available to produce up to 8,761 cfm at 3.0 static pressure. It is made with steel for toughness, and a bright yellow ring for visibility when sitting in the street. It comes complete with full support, training materials and PSA kits. 800/888-1436;

Smoke fluid detector system

SuperiorSmoke Fluid Systems from Superior Signal Company are used to find faults and sources of surface water inflow in collection systems. All blowers are engineered for smoke testing, and fluid systems use a double-insulated heating chamber with stainless steel injector to maximize dry smoke output. It meets WEF and NASSCO standards, and is widely used in tests to meet EPA, ASHRAE, OSHA and NFPA standards. 800/945-8378;

The Ecam PRO 2 from Electric Eel Mfg. allows operators to quickly inspect 3- to 10-inch-diameter pipelines and locate a wide variety of pipeline problems. It features a rugged stainless steel-housed 1.68-inch self-leveling color camera with sapphire lens, 20 LED light ring and high-resolution CCD element. A flexible camera spring navigates 3-inch P-traps, and an auto iris adjusts lighting automatically. It provides 512 Hz sonde and features a 10.4-inch daylight-readable display with on-screen footage counter, 16 pages of text writing with memory saves and click touch controls with one-touch recording. It records directly to a USB flash, and has voice-over recording and audio/ video output jacks. Additional features include an 8X zoom function and adjustable light controls, two-hour battery with built-in charger, 200-foot Kevlar braided 1/2-inch pushrod, powder-coated steel tube and bar construction with a secure-locking reel brake. It rolls on 8-inch wheels for easy maneuverability. 800/833-1212,

Pipeline inspection camera system

Bright Dyes concentrated water tracing products disintegrate rapidly in water and give vivid, fluorescent color detectable in murky water or sewage. It can be used to identify leaks, infiltration and exfiltration in plumbing connections, validate sanitary and septic hookups and performance, identify sources of contamination in wells and more. They are safe, nontoxic, biodegradable and are certified by NSF International to ANSI/NSF Standard 60 for use in and around drinking water. They are available in tablet, liquid, powdered and wax forms and come in four colors. 800/3940678,

Water tracing dye

The lightweight Gen-Eye POD from General Pipe Cleaners combines camera, reel and monitor in a lightweight package. It features a 5.6-inch LCD color monitor protected by a padded case, and is mounted on a rugged, flexible gooseneck that swivels to provide multiple viewing angles. It comes standard with a self-leveling camera and 200 feet of Gel-Rod for troubleshooting 3- to 10-inch drainlines. A videoout connection allows for recording to an external device. It features a picture inverter, AC and DC power cords, LED dimmer control, 3-inch trap skid and a 512 Hz transmitter. 800/245-6200;

Compact video inspection system

Push TV Camera Systems

The Viztrac Pipe Inspection Camera from Amazing Machinery has a durable 3/8-inch push cable with fiberglass rod inner core, a 20-inch cage reel and attached water-sealed case containing the controls, and a high-resolution 7-inch LCD monitor. It also has a sturdy 1-inch powder-coated lay-flat frame with upright carry handle; a 1 3/8-inch O.D. metal camera housing; nine dimmable high-output 5 mm LED lights; high-resolution color camera; scratch-resistant sapphire glass lens; high-grade 512 Hz sonde locator with an average range of 12 to 15 feet; and an integrated digital video recorder with remote control, compatible with most standard SD cards. 800/504-7435;

The Smart Display camera system from Insight Vision features a 10.4-inch LCD screen. When sealed, the system is water, air and debris tight, making it ideal for use in harsh environments. The design of the case makes it mobile and lightweight to carry onto the work site. The self-leveling camera keeps images upright, and recording is easy using the external outputs and inputs. 800/488-8177;

LCD-display camera system

Portable pipe inspection camera

The Lateral Launcher from Logiball guides a 1/2or 3/8-inch hose and nozzle into the lateral connection from the mainline sewer. Winched in tandem with the CCTV camera, the 0-90 VDC motor is used to rotate the guiding arm and nozzle into the lateral connection. With the pump turned on, the back jets propel the hose into the lateral for cleaning and cutting roots. Laterals have been cleaned up to 70 feet from the connection. It features stainless steel and aluminum construction, an industry standard three-pin male connector, optional 1/2-inch nozzle and hose, a replaceable guiding arm, and 10- and 12-inch skids. 800/246-5988;

Hose and nozzle guide

44 November 2013

The P350 flexitrax from Pearpoint/SPX offers the simplicity and transportability of a pushrod system with the functionality and performance of a crawler system. Its modular structure allows all its main components to be fully interchangeable. Modules available include a manual or powered drum, three interchangeable cameras, a wide range of wheels and tires, and multiple cable lengths and crawler sizes. The command module is also fully compatible with the P340 flexiprobe. A built-in digital recording and reporting system is standard. It can be van- or truck-mounted. From there it can be wheeled on site using the barrow design, allowing users to reach conduits beyond the range of a vehicle. Once on site, the system is quick and easy to set up, deploy and use. 800/688-8094;

Pushrod/crawler combination camera

keypad for direct control of camera and monitor functions, an on-screen keyboard for basic titling and text entry, and an integrated microphone and speakers for adding voice-overs to custom reports. It docks onto the SeeSnake Max rM200 camera system for transportation and storage. 800/769-7743;

The Sparvision 200 pipe inspection camera from Spartan Tool is lightweight, easily maneuverable and outfitted with iPad technology that features telestration to actively draw on the screen. It features 200 feet of ultra-slick pushrod, a color selfleveling camera head that offers instant snapshots at any time, a full on-screen QWERTY keyboard and 512 Hz locating beacon. 800/435-3866; www.

Pipe inspection camera

The GatorCam4 inspection system from Radiodetection Corporation offers the convenience of a portable system that can be used in most weather conditions. It boasts an onboard lithium-ion battery, and the push-button fuel gauge provides a quick indication of remaining power even when switched off. It can be configured to suit most inspection requirements. A range of pushrods is available, from an extra-flexible 100-foot plumbers reel, to navigate the bends and traps found in commercial and residential plumbing, up to the 500-foot extra-stiff rod designed to push for longer distances. 877/247-3797;

Portable inspection system

The ProCam DVR Ultra from UEMSI is a compact and lightweight color minicamera inspection system. It includes a 10.4-inch color LCD monitor and a built-in DVR that records video files and photos to an SD card. The push reel is made of powder-coated steel for durability. The nylonjacketed push cable has a water-blocking gel inside to prevent water infiltration. The data display package includes on-screen digital footage and a full-size flexible keyboard. Options include an inline transmitter and rechargeable battery pack. 800/6660766;

Mini-camera inspection system

Pipeline inspection cameras from Ratech Electronics can record to Apple devices, including iPhones, iPads or iPods, allowing technicians to instantly upload pipe inspection video from the job site to YouTube. Using the integrated cellphone interface and camera, they can give customers immediate information about what is wrong with their sewer or pipes. Packages include quick and easy one-touch recording with no USB thumb drives, SD cards or DVDs. This low-cost interface is adaptable to any new or existing Ratech system. Also included is an on-screen display overlay system providing electronic distance counter, time and date. The camera has built-in 512 Hz sonde for locating purposes. The standard Gel-Rod cable length supplied is 200 feet, with longer lengths available. 800/461-9200;

Web-enabled inspection camera

The SeeSnake CS6 hand-held digital recording monitor from RIDGID is designed for fast and efficient field work, and equipped with SeeSnake HQ software to capture still images and video clips, allowing users to quickly and easily edit, archive and deliver reports directly to customers through USB thumb drives or via print, DVD and online. Features include a 5.7-inch daylight-readable LCD screen, a water-resistant

Digital recording monitor

The vCam-5 Live View interface from Vivax-Metrotech Corp. allows technicians to connect to the control module by Wi-Fi or RJ45 Cross Talk Cable. When connected they can stream video, capture JPEG images and record directly to a hard drive or other storage device. In addition they can access the control modules internal hard drive and any USB thumb drive or SD card plugged into the control module. They can see a list of the videos or pictures on the hard drive and play them in the video player or download them. An app that runs on either the iPhone or Android platform allows them to stream video to smartphones and tablets; capture, email or text still images; and record video to the device. Up to five devices can be connected to the control at a time. 800/446-3392; www. F Now theres a magazine for the drinking water side of the house. Water System Operator with the same emphasis on the people who make it all work.
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Interface controller

See Both Sides

November 2013




By Craig Mandli

Magnetic-RFID identifies underground assets quickly

Underground utility asset location and identification is a very costly problem for utilities and municipalities. Problems range from digging accidents to time-consuming costs locating underground asset points before repairs or construction can even begin. The Village of Thiensville, Wis., had just such a challenge.

Noninvasive leak detection reduces water loss

The Greensboro (N.C.) Water Resources Department used electronic listeners to locate leaks throughout a 1,500-mile service area. The technology had limited accuracy, especially when locating leaks under roadways and concrete structures. Officials searched for a more reliable solution that would not disrupt service or require excavation.

The city adopted LeakFinder, a Windows-based acoustic leak detection system from Echologics. An enhanced correlation function enables it to accurately identify and locate narrow-band leak noise on pipes of all diameters and materials. RESULT We quickly pinpointed more than 50 leaks of various sizes in hightraffic areas without the enormous cost of excavating different locations to find them, says utility coordinator David Carpenter. 866/324-6564;

Thiensville worked with Ruekert-Mielke and Berntsen International to locate and accurately mark their ductile iron force main. The threestep process included vacuum extraction to verify the exact sewer location, survey grade GPS location data entered in a web-based GIS application and installation of InfraMarker Magnetic-RFID markers at the asset locations. RESULT All critical asset points were successfully identified and subsequently found in less than 10 minutes. 877/686-8550;

Scanning systems help utility discover infiltration source

Two subbasins within the James City Service Authority (JCSA) experienced a serious and persistent infiltration problem, despite the PVC pipe being only 20-30 years old. Located between the James River and an inland lake in Williamsburg, Va., the 10-year, 24-hour peak-hour flows for these basins were five to seven times greater than thresholds. In spite of an EPA-mandated CCTV inspection, smoke testing and open-channel monitoring program, JCSA was unable to identify sources of infiltration.

Rapid inspection device uses acoustics

A major federal facility in Missouri wanted to develop a picture of flow conditions in its wastewater collection system.

CH2M HILLs Lawrence, Kan., office chose the Sewer Line Rapid Assessment Tool from InfoSense to identify blockages and conduct a broad flow condition survey to prioritize cleaning. The transmitter, placed in an open manhole, transmits tones. In a downstream manhole, the receiver compares the tones with sounds it should hear in a clean pipe. If the signal is degraded, algorithms analyze it and present the operator with a simple assessment in real time on a scale of zero to 10. The acoustic inspection takes less than three minutes without contacting the waste stream. RESULT Two technicians working independently inspected 400 segments totaling more than 70,000 feet in 11 days. They found several blockages, but overall the system needed little cleaning. Had the facility chosen to purchase the inspection device, the labor saved by not cleaning 100 percent of the system would have paid for it. The technology won the 2012 Water Environment Federation Innovative Technology Award. 877/7473245;

Facing an estimated $2.8 million rehabilitation bill to bring both basins into compliance with their consent decree, officials decided to use Electro Scan to identify and quantify potential infiltration within their sewer mains and laterals. They contracted with Prism Contractors & Engineers of Yorktown, Va., to scan both subbasins. The contractor proposed using the ES-620 system to assess its sewer mains and the ES-38 for its laterals, to quickly evaluate the area, with no disruption to residents or the sanitary sewer system. RESULT Both subbasins (combined 20,000 lf) were scanned in only five days, following the F2550-06 ASTM Standard. The data was immediately processed and loaded in the field onto a cloud-based viewing platform,, where the JCSA staff was able to instantly review it. Initial analysis showed defects in the sewer mains, not the laterals. 916/779-0660; F

46 November 2013


SINCE 1943

The future is at your fingertips with Sparvision 200, a state-of-the-art pipe-inspection camera designed with you in mind. Featuring a wireless retina-display iPad 4 as its screen, the Sparvision 200 offers full tablet computer features like instant snapshots, on-screen drawing and a touch keyboard for captions. With the Wi-Fi-enabled iPad, simply send the photo or video you shot directly to the customer and store your copy right on the tablet. The Sparvision 200 offers a self-leveling color camera, a 512 Hz locating beacon and a 200' high-efficiency, super-slick push rod. Plus, the entire unit is powered in the field with an on-board battery so you can take it anywhere. If youre looking for the best, look no further.

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KOHLER Power Systems receives seismic certifications

KOHLER Power Systems, manufacturer of generators up to 3,250 kilowatts, transfer switches, switchgear and related accessories, received preapproval from Californias Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development for its large generator enclosures and tanks (1,250 to 2,000 kW). The enclosures also are International Building Code seismic-certified.

Brown and Caldwell receives safety award

Brown and Caldwell received the National Safety Councils 2013 Industry Leader Award. The award recognizes the top 5 percent member companies with the best safety performance.

Sewer Equipment Co. of America relocated its manufacturing complex to a 120,000-square-foot facility in Dixon, Ill. The new plant includes 12 overhead cranes with 15-ton ratings, paint facility, quality control test center, inventory, engineering facilities and conference rooms.

Sewer Equipment Co. of America expands

Aquionics names municipal regional manager

The ST100 Series thermal mass air/gas flowmeter from Fluid Components International has been rated compliant for Safety Integrity Level (SIL) 1 service. The meter is classified as a Type B subsystem in accordance to IEC 61508-1 with a hardware failure tolerance of 0.

FCIs ST100 flowmeter rated SIL compliant

Aquionics named Bob English municipal regional manager. He will be responsible for promoting the companys drinking water, wastewater and reuse products in the eastern United States.

Dewberry hires project manager, selected for project

Bob English

Industrial Scientific Corp. sold its Oldham fixed-point gas detection business to Industrial Safety Technologies. The sale includes Oldhams headquarters in Arras, France, along with support operations in China, Germany, India and the United States.

Industrial Scientific sells Oldham

Dewberry, a privately held professional services firm, hired Brian J. Dey, PE, LEED, AP, as project manager in the companys Charlotte, N.C., office. He will manage several stormwater projects. Stuart Geiger, CFM, water resources project manager in the companys Denver office was recognized with Benjamin Pratt of the Susquehanna River Basin Commission for an Outstanding NHWC Transmission article by the National Hydrologic Warning Council. Dewberry also was selected by the New York Department of Design + Construction to provide engineering services for green infrastructure systems in Queens. The systems are part of the New York City Department of Environmental Protections Green Infrastructure Plan, an initiative to reduce combined sewer overflows and improve water quality.

Raven Products is expanding the distribution of its plumbing and heating supplies throughout the United States. Based in Westborough, Mass., the company also named Mark J. DAgostino vice president of sales and business development.

Raven expands operations, hires vice president

Hi-Vac Corp. named Brent Muskin inside sales manager and Dave Oman regional sales manager for contractor sales in the western United States. Muskin will oversee products sold through contractors (X-Vac and UltraVac) as well as industrial sales (Hi-Vac and UltraVac).

Hi-Vac adds inside sales, regional managers

Vacuum Truck Rentals opens Ohio location

Vacuum Truck Rentals opened a rental location in Marietta, Ohio. Chuck Cisler will manage the store. The rental center is the companys eighth. Other locations include Deer Park, Texas; Geismar, La.; Richland, Miss.; Gaston, S.C.; Worcester, Mass.; Oakland, N.J.; and Merrillville, Ind.

Electro Scan receives innovation award

Fluid Conservation Systems named Maryam Sadrolashrafi and Gary Rog sales managers. Sadrolashrafi will cover the western United States and Rog will be responsible for the New York and New England regions.

FCS appoints U.S. sales managers

Maryam Sadrolashrafi

Gary Rog

Electro Scan was named recipient of the 2013 Innovation Technology Award by the Water Environment Federation. Electro Scan received the award for its ES-620 leak detection product, an add-on to existing television inspection trucks that locates and measures leaks in sewers not visible by high-resolution CCTV cameras.

Johnson Mattheys Stationary Emissions Control (SEC) group appointed MurCal of Palmdale, Calif., as West Coast distributor for its three-way catalyst elements and housings for stationary diesel and gasoline engines.

Johnson Matthey names West Coast distributor

Nu Flow expands sales team

Pipe lining company Nu Flow America added four account managers to its national sales team. Chris Diaz will serve the Southern California region, John Zimmerman will serve the Maryland area, Mike Geraci will serve the Virginia market and Gus DeCarlo will serve the Miami-Dade County, Fla., area.

KSB Pumps, a member of the KSB Group, opened its new Canadian headquarters and engineering facilities in Mississauga, Ontario. The pump manufacturer also introduced its new line of MOVITEC standardized industrial pumps for the water and wastewater industries.

KSB Pumps opens Canadian headquarters

48 November 2013

Layne Christensen sells SolmeteX division

Layne Christensen Co. sold its SolmeteX division to Gemini Investors, Riveria Investment Group and the management team of the SolmeteX division. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

Singer Valve receives innovation award

Singer Valve received an innovation award from Flow Control Magazine for its SPI-MV single-point insertion electromagnetic flowmeter. Winners were determined by reader votes.

Wastequip names vice president-general manager

Wastequip named Tim Phanco vice president-general manager for its technical products division. He will manage operations at all technical facilities that manufacture compactors and balers. F

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Live Water Lines

Locate Water Mains And Non-Metallic Service Lines


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November 2013




Product Spotlight

CIPP epoxy-based resins blended for specific range of temperatures

By Ed Wodalski
doing hot-water curing and the temperature youre curing at. Boldan says one of the unique features of the summer hardener is its rated for steam return lines of about 180 to 200 degrees F of constant temperature. Working time for the winter blend ranges from 12 to 15 minutes; 30 to 35 minutes for the standard blend and 50 to 60 minutes for the summer blend, based on 77-degree F ambient temperature. The key variables for working time are the temperature the resin was stored at and the ambient temperature youre working in, Boldan says. The winter and standard hardeners are classified by the Department of Transportation as nonregulated and noncorrosive, minimizing hazardous materials shipping concerns. The resin has up to a one-year shelf life, depending how its stored, and is available in 5-gallon pails, 55-gallon drums and 275-gallon intermediate bulk containers (IBC). The HammerHead HydraLiner app, available on iOS, Android and Windows 8 mobile devices, can calculate resin/hardener mixtures and cure times based on project specifications. 800/331-6653;
HydraLiner from HammerHead Trenchless Equipment

ydraLiner epoxy-based resins from HammerHead Trenchless Equipment, available in winter, standard and summer blends, are designed for temperature-specific, cured-in-place-pipe lining applications in 2- to 102-inch diameter pipes, as well as drain lines with 90-degree bends. We recommend it for mains, sewer laterals and down spouts; anything but pressure pipe and potable water, says Ryan Boldan, lateral systems product manager for HammerHead. The 100 percent solids resins have a transparent blue base and transparent yellow hardener that creates a uniform aqua-green color when properly mixed. The combination resin works with felt or fiberglass liner material. The nice thing about that [green color] is when youre wetting out the liner, it makes it readily apparent if you have any air bubbles or spots where you didnt get full saturation, Boldan says. The finished product, when its put into the ground, is a much higher quality. The winter blend, made for cold conditions, short run or fast cure applications, has a two-hour cure time; the standard blend has a four-hour ambient cure time, while the summer blend, made for long run or large-diameter pipe runs, has a five-hour ambient cure time. Each resin blend is designed for steam, hot-water or ambient curing; times are based on an ambient temperature of 77 degrees F. Cure time can be shrunk down to 25 minutes for winter blends, 40 minutes for standard and 60 minutes for summer blends at 194 degrees F, Boldan says. And then theres a range within that depending if youre

Stanley hydrant saver

The hydrant saver from Stanley Hydraulic Tools is designed to remove seized valve seats without excavation or extra personnel. Powered by the Stanley IW24 impact wrench, sockets fit most hydrants, including Mueller, Clow, Kennedy and Waterous. The Northern Kit (31043) has an 8-foot power tube and the Southern Kit (31044) has a 6 1/2-foot tube. Both kits include a 1 1/2-foot extension, alignment wrench, retaining pins and Mueller 5 1/4-inch socket. 503/659-5660;

The 2,500 kW (model 2500REOZDC) generator with V-16 engine from KOHLER Power Systems has a 60 Hz standby rating, 50 C cooling system, heavy-duty air cleaner and dual-bearing alternators. The generator is International Building Code (IBC) 2012 seismic certified. It also meets NFPA 110 requirements, providing power in less than 10 seconds. 800/544-2444;

KOHLER 2,500 kW generator

The BW100AD-4 tandem vibratory roller from BOMAG Americas is powered by a Tier 4i, 32.6 hp, water-cooled Kubota diesel engine. It delivers up to 8.35 pounds of centrifugal force per drum and a maximum frequency of 4,200 vibrations per minute. Safety features include ROPS with safety belts, backup alarm and emergency stop button. The rollers engine cover and dashboard are lockable to protect against vandalism. 800/782-6624;

BOMAG light tandem roller

The Proline Promag 200 two-wire electromagnetic flowmeter from Endress+Hauser offers the same measuring performance as four-wire magmeters. The Promag H200 is available in line sizes of 1/12 to 1 inch, while the Promag 200 is available in line sizes from 1/2 to 8 inches for measuring the flow rates of conductive fluids. No seals or external enclosures are required for installation in hazardous areas. 888/363-7377;

Endress+Hauser two-wire magmeter

50 November 2013

Agru America geosynthetic clay liner

GeoClay reinforced needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner from Agru America features a uniform layer of granular bentonite, encapsulated between two nonwoven geotextiles. GCL is designed for moderate to steep slopes and moderate to high load applications where increased internal shear strength is required. 800/373-2478;

Type A and AR bronze solenoid valves from Magnatrol Valve Corp. are designed for water, wastewater and fuel oil applications. Available for pipe sizes from 1/2 to 3 inches in diameter, the valves feature cast bronze, globe pattern bodies with NPT ends and packless construction with continuous duty coils for all voltages. The valves require no differential pressure to open and can be serviced while in the pipeline. 973/427-4341;

Magnatrol bronze solenoid valves

The Heavy Object Trap (HOT), model GRS, grease receiving and screening system from JWC Environmental has a variable bar screen with 1/2- and 1-inch spacings to capture and direct heavy objects, including rocks, silverware and trash into the debris basket. The largest basket can hold up to 2.2 cubic feet of material. The bar screen design and hot water washdown system prevents screen blinding for high flow rates of grease. The HOT system is available in six sizes with a maximum flow rate of 600 gpm and operating pressure of 15 psi and 4- or 6-inch pipelines. 800/331-2277;

JWCE grease receiving, screening system

Butterworth industrial tank cleaner

Designed to remove machining oils from steel surfaces, the unidirectional BC tank cleaning machine from Butterworth creates a two-nozzle, cone-shaped circular cleaning pattern with impact impingement. 281/821-7300; www.

Ratcheting hydrant wrenches from Lowell Corp. handle pentagonal or square nuts. Model 52F has a 15-inch iron handle, Model 53F has a 20-inch iron handle and Model 252F has a 32 1/2-inch stamped double handle. Pentagonal sockets are adjustable from 1/2 to 2 inches. The double-handle 252F allows for two-person operation. 800/456-9355; (continued)

Lowell ratchet hydrant wrenches

November 2013




Universal Flow Monitors vortex-shedding flowmeters

P420 vortex-shedding flowmeters from Universal Flow Monitors are designed for process water, membrane permeate, brine and corrosive fluids in water treatment, desalination and chemical treatment applications. The meters include models with wetted parts made entirely of PVC or CPVC for greater heat resistance. The CPVC body meter has a maximum operating temperature of 180 degrees F and the PVC meter has a maximum operating temperature of 140 degrees F. Both meters are available in five pipe diameters (1/2, 3/4, 1, 1 1/2 and 2 inches), providing a flow range from 12 to 200 gpm. 866/542-9641; www.

The GHC3100 N industrial-duty, static discharge reel from Reelcraft Industries stores up to 100 feet of high-visibility orange nylon jacketed cable. The manual rewind reel, when properly clamped to a ground, dissipates static electrical buildup, reducing the chance of sparking. 800/444-3134;

Reelcraft static discharge reel

The EK7651H 14-inch, 4-stroke power cutter from Makita U.S.A. eliminates the need for oil/fuel mixture. Operating at 97.2 decibels, the cutter uses 0.45 gallons of fuel per hour. The automatic engine decompression valve provides easier pull starts, while the pressurecompensated carburetor with vented choke plate adjusts automatically to prevent flooding. For improved handling, the integrated aluminum wheel kit retracts when not in use. 800/462-5482;

Makita 14-inch power cutter

The HX-12 hydroexcavator from Ramvac has a 12-cubic-yard debris tank, temperature-controlled environmental chamber and directional discharge system for off-loading spoils into the excavation site. 800/323-1604;

Ramvac HX-12 hydroexcavator

The Control Tech industrial torque wrench from Snap-on Industrial features all-steel construction and backlit LCD screen with storage capacity for 1,500 readings. Other features include 3/8- or 1/2-inch drive, flex- or interchangeable heads, 40 memory presets, LED indicator lights, and audible alert and handle vibration that signal when torque is within targeted range. 773/4919500;

Snap-on industrial torque wrench

8 lb
Manhole Cover Extractor


12 lb

8 lb. and 12 lb. (4140) ASTM A148 cast steel head breaks frozen covers free easily. Serrated edge strengthens pick-end and eliminates possiblity of tool becoming bottlenecked in the cover.

M MARY MA M MARY AR A ARY RY R Y Extractor A A Manhole Manhole M an a nho ho e Cover Cover Cove C o er Extractor Extra xt tractor tracto ra acto

Combination sledge hammer and pick/pry bar. Two tools in one enables a worker to carry only one piece of equipment into the street Tapered saw-tooth pick fits 5/8 or larger drain holes and most pick slots. Top quality handle constructed of fiberglass. Mary A is patented.

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The XT jetter package from Water Cannon delivers up to 5.5 gpm and pressure to 4,200 psi. It functions as a drain cleaner and high-power pressure washer. Powered by a Honda GX 630 engine, it is available with an Annovi Reverberi or General Pump. Features include pulsation on demand, adjustable throttle control from 100 psi and up, and ball valve shut-off. The 15-gallon fuel tank, electric key start and portable wheel kit are included. Accessories include Hosetract hose reel to handle 300 feet of 3/8-inch Piranha jetter hose, 125 feet of 1/4-inch hose and four stainless steel nozzles. 800/333-9274; F

Water Cannon jetter package

Our operators are special because they are

Kirk Watson, Plant Supervisor, Aurora (Colo.) Water

committed to delivering the best quality water they can, and thats what motivates them every day.

Pride. It speaks volumes.

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52 November 2013


Longer lease rates also available. Call Keith for details.



Call Us Evenings and Weekends Keith: 405-602-9155 & Jim: 405-205-3974

5037 NW 10th Oklahoma City, OK 73127

November 2013


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With 32 years experience in the Sewer Business I have taken great pride in manhole inspection, installation, repairs; flow transition; manhole deposition; hydraulic analysis; and, most important of all updating and correcting As-Builts. As-Builts and related drawings are the heart of any city, community, and town. When working with drawings and video reports there are always mistakes.
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54 November 2013

Marketplace Advertising
Superior SMOKE for Sewer Testing

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Dynamic Repairs - inspection Camera Repairs: 48 hour turn-around time. General Wire, Ratech, RIDGID, Electric Eel Mfg., Gator Cams, Insight Vision, Vision Intruders. Quality service on all brands. Rental equipment available. For more info call Jack at 973478-0893. Lodi, New Jersey. (CMPBM)

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Superior Smoke Testing

the most cost effective method to find sources of inflow

SAERTEX multiCom is looking for someone with trenchless technology experience to assist in sales and marketing and training from our Huntersville, NC office. Requirements include travel and good communication skills and knowledge of underground rehabilitation methods. Contact our Human resource department at 704-584-4054 (M11) GapVax, Inc., a nationally recognized manufacturing business, is seeking a talented, highly motivated individual to fill a full-time Sales Position in the Midwest (Iowa based preferred) region. GapVax is the leading manufacturer of industrial and municipal vacuum units and hydroexcavation units in the United States. We provide the most reliable, comprehensive, and efficient mobile vacuum units in the industrial and municipal markets. Specifications of the position are listed on our website, www.gapvax. com, click on the Now Hiring link in the left hand column. Send resumes to Lthomas@ or 575 Central Avenue, Johnstown, PA 15902. (CPMGBM)

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CUES K2 SYSTEM: Steerable Compact Pipe Ranger (CPR), OZ3 camera, 1000 gold cable, auto cable reel, CPU, CCU, wireless controllers, six different wheel sets, two different wheel spacer sets, tool and manual. Like new (app. 40 hours) at 20% off list. Call 866936-8476 or email (MBM) 1999 Ford E350 7.3L Diesel/48K miles and PowerTech 7KW Diesel generator (4,458 hrs). Currently with CUES equipment. 1999 GMC 3500 4X4/21K miles and Onan generator (2,190 hrs). Currently set up with single conductor Aries/RST equipment. Both units were owned by municipalities and are in great condition. Lots of spare camera equipment available. For info email: (C11)

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The Town of Farraguts Stormwater Matters Program received the East Tennessee PBS Be More Award. Douglas Weikel, director of civil engineering and geomatics at Herbert, Rowland & Grubic Inc., won the Golden Rain Drop Award, presented by the Pennsylvania Water Environment Association. Weikel is chair of the PWEA Stormwater Committee. Paul Hlavinka, chair of the Chesapeake Water Environment Association, received the Golden Rain Drop Award, presented by the CWEA. Robert Johnson, chief executive officer of the National Rural Water Association, was named Friend of Kansas Rural Water at the associations 2013 conference. The Philadelphia Water Department and the Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation awarded grants to promote green stormwater management practices as part of the Stormwater Management Incentives Program. The winning projects include: Pennsylvania Environmental Council ($91,000) Cardone ($2.5 million) Globe Dye Works ($17,000) Settlement Music School ($140,000) Philabundance ($237,313) Community College of Philadelphia ($260,000) West Philly Coalition for Neighborhood Schools ($242,000) Wharton Street Lofts LP ($79,500) 2303 Bainbridge LLC ($25,000) FoCa-School District of Philadelphia ($232,000) Francisville Seniors ($31,250)

Nov. 4-7 American Water Resources Association Annual Conference, Red Lion Hotel, Portland, Ore. Visit Dec. 4-6 Florida Stormwater Association Winter Conference, Royal Plaza Resort, Orlando, Fla. Visit Feb. 24-27 Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo International, Indiana Convention Center, Indianapolis. Call 866/933-2653 or visit March 1-3 National Utility Contractors Association National Convention, Rio Las Vegas Hotel, Las Vegas, Nev. Visit May 4-7 American Public Works Association 2014 North American Snow Conference, Duke Energy Convention Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Visit

Lindy Property Management ($165,000) Novick Brothers ($279,000) Trustees of the Presbytery of Philadelphia ($73,000) Adams Run ($100,000) Rampar Associates LP ($214,000) Roxborough High School ($50,000)

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American Society of Civil Engineers
The ASCE has these courses: Nov. 7-8 Leadership Development for the Engineer, Lake Buena Vista, Fla. Nov. 7-8 Pumping Systems Design for Civil Engineers, Lake Buena Vista, Fla. Dec. 12-13 Stormwater Treatment Using Detention Ponds and Commercial Devices, Portland, Ore. Jan. 7-8 Construction Plans, Specifications and Ethics for Civil Engineers, Las Vegas Jan. 23-24 Leadership Development for the Engineer, Colorado Springs, Colo. Jan. 23-24 Financial Management for the Professional Engineer, Alexandria, Va. Jan. 24 Stormwater Constructed Wetland Design, online Feb. 6 Integrating Stormwater Harvesting into Low Impact Development, online Feb. 6-7 Pumping Systems Design for Civil Engineers, Grand Rapids, Mich. Visit

Petersen Pipe Plugging Systems

Pipe Plugs and Packers for all your Pressure, Chemical, and Temperature Requirements. Call us to quickly customize a pipe plug or plugging system for your specic application.

Economical Hot Tap Plugging Systems

The University of Wisconsin Department of Engineering-Professional Development is offering the following courses in Madison: April 3-4 Using WinSLAMM v.10.0.1: Meeting Urban Stormwater Management Goals May 28-30 Unsteady Flow Modeling Using HEC-RAS P266 June 5-6 Advance Modeling Using HEC-RAS P268 Visit F
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PHONE 800.926.1926 OR 262.692.2416 FAX 800.669.1434 OR 262.692.2418

56 November 2013


Ideal For Cutting Cast Iron/Clay Taps In Sewer Lines

Part # DCD6 DCD8 DCD10 DCD12 DCD15 DCD18 Size 6" 8" 10" 12" 15" 18" Cost $1200 $1500 $1975 $2500 $3200 Special Order

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November 2013



Whos in Charge of Evolution?

The Vac-Con Combination Machine has evolved from many years of experience the customers experience! If you want to know what works or not, ask the guy who spends his days at the end of a vacuum hose trying to do a good job.

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969 Hall Park Road Green Cove Springs, FL 32043 Tel: 904.284.4200 Fax: 904.284.3305 Vac-Con is a subsidiary of Holden Industries, Inc., a 100% employee-owned company