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SULIT Section A (Answer all questions (Jawabsemuasoalan) 1 Table 4 shows the proton number of two elements X and Y.

Jadual 4 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur X dan Y.

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Element X Y

Proton number 6 11 TABLE 1

Draw the atomic structure of atom X. Lukis struktur atom bagi atom X.

[1 mark]
b i Atom of element X has isotopes. What is meant by isotopes? Atom unsur X mempunyai isotop. Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan isotop?

. [1 mark]
ii State one example of an isotope. Nyatakan satu contoh isotop.

[1 mark]
c i Atom of element Y has a nucleon number of 23. Calculate the number of neutrons in atom Y. Atom unsur Y mempunyai nombor nukleon 23. Hitungkan bilangan neutron bagi atom Y.

.. .. [ 1 mark]
ii Write the standard representation of atom Y. Tuliskan simbol atom Y.

.. [1 mark]
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SULIT d

4541/2 Methanol is an organic compound with melting point of 97 oC and boiling point of 65 oC . Etanol ialah satu sebatian organik dengan takat lebur 97 oC dan takat didih 65 oC i What is the physical state of methanol at room temperature? Apakah keadaan fizik bagi metanol pada suhu bilik? [1 mark] ii State how the movement of methanol particles changes when heated from room temperature to 100 oC. Nyatakan bagaimana pergerakan zarah-zarah metanol berubah apabila dipanaskan dari suhu bilik ke 100 oC. . [1 mark] iii

Sketch the graph of temperature against time when methanol is heated from room temperature to 100 oC. Lakarkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila metanol dipanaskan daripada suhu bilik ke 100 oC.

[2 marks]

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SULIT 2 a

4541/2 Diagram 2.1 shows the set-up of apparatus to study the effect of metals P and Q on the rusting of iron nail. The results are recorded after one day. Rajah 2.1menunjukkansusunanradasuntukmengkajikesanlogamPdanQkeataspengaratanpakubesi. Keputusandicatatkanselepassatuhari. Experiment Eksperimen A
Some dark blue precipitate. Sedikit mendakan biru

Observation after 1 day Pemerhatianselepas 1 hari

B
Large amount of dark blue precipitate Banyak mendakan biru

C Agar-agar solution with potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) and phenolphthalein solution. Larutan agar-agar dengan larutan kalium heksianoferat(III) dan Iron nail wrapped with metal Q fenolftalein Paku besi dililit dengan logam Q
No dark blue precipitate. Solution turns pink. Tiada mendakan biru. Larutan bertukar merah jambu.

DIAGRAM 2.1 (i) State the function of potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) solution in this experiment. Nyatakanfungsilarutankaliumheksasianoferat(III) dalameksperimenini. [ 1 mark] (II) Write the half equation for the formation of iron(II) ion from iron Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi pembentukan ion ferum(II) daripada ferum. .. [1Mark] (iii) In which test tube, iron rust the fastest? Explain your answer. Dalamtabungujimanakahmenunjukkanpengaratanbesi yang paling cepat. Terangkanjawapananda. ............................................................................................................ [ 1 marks] 4541/2 [LIHAT SEBELAH SULIT

SULIT

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(iv) Arrange the metal Fe, P and Q in decreasing order of electropositivity. Susunlogam Fe, P dan Q mengikuturutanmenurunkeelektropositifan. [1 mark b Diagram 2.2 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the reaction between potassium manganate(VII) solution and iron(II) chloride solution through the transfer of electrons at a distance. Rajah 5.2 menunjukkansusunanradasuntukmenyiasattindakbalas di antaralarutankaliummanganat(VII) danlarutanferum(II) kloridamelaluipemindahanelektronpadasatujarak. Carbon electrode Carbon electrode Elektrod karbon Elektrod karbon

LarutanKalium mangganat(VII)

Larutan ferum(II) klorida

Asid sulfurik cair

DIAGRAM 2.2 The incomplete ionic equation for the reaction is : Persamaan ion yang tidaklengkapbagitindakbalastersebutialah : . Fe2+ + MnO4- + 8H+ 5Fe3+ + Mn2+ + . H2O (i) Complete the above equation. Lengkapkanpersamaan di atas. [1 mark] (ii)What is the change in colour at electrode P? Apakahperubahanwarnadalamlarutanpadaelektrod P? . [1 mark] (iii)What is the substance that undergoes oxidation in this experiment?. Apakahbahan yang mengalamipengoksidaandalameksperimenini? . [1mark]

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(vi)Describe a chemical test to determine the product formed at electrode Q. Huraikansatuujiankimiauntukmenentukanhasil yang terbentuk di elektrod Q. [2 marks]

Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set-up for the neutralisation reaction between a Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set-up for the neutralisation reaction between a strong acid and a strong alkali. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk tindakbalas peneutralan antara satu asid kuat dan satu alkali kuat.

Hydrochloric acid, 0.1 mol dm-3 Asid hidroklorik, 0.1 mol dm-3

25 cm3 sodium hydroxide solution + phenolphthalein 25 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida + fenolftalein

DIAGRAM 3 25.0 cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution is poured into a conical flask. A few drops of phenolphthalein are added into the solution. The solution in the conical flask is titrated with 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid . 25.0 cm3larutannatriumhidroksidadimasukkankedalamsebuahkelalangkon. Beberapatitikfenolftaleinditambahkedalamlarutanitu. Larutandalamkelalangkondititratkandengan 0.1 mol dm-3asidhidroklorik. a Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. What is meant by a strong acid? Asidhidroklorikadalahasidkuat. Apakah yang dimaksudkandenganasid kuat? .. [2 marks]

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SULIT b

4541/2 Suggest an apparatus that can be used to measure 25.0 cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution accurately. Cadangkansaturadas yang dapatdigunakanuntukmenyukat 25.0 cm3larutannatriumhidroksidadengantepat. .. [1 mark]

State the colour change of the solution in the conical flask at the end point. Nyatakanperubahanwarnalarutandalamkelalangkonpadatakatakhir. . [1 mark]

Write a chemical equation for the above reaction. Tulispersamaankimiabagitindakbalas di atas. [1 mark] In this experiment, 20.0 cm3 hydrochloric acid is needed to neutralise 25.0 cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution. Calculate the molarity of the sodium hydroxide solution. Dalameksperimenini, 20.0 cm3 asidhidroklorikdiperlukanuntukmeneutralkan 25.0 cm3 larutannatriumhidroksida. Hitungkankemolaranlarutannatriumhidroksidaitu.

ii

[2 marks] e i The experiment is repeated with 0.1 mol dm-3sulphuric acid to replace hydrochloric acid. Predict the volume of sulphuric acid needed to neutralise 25.0 cm3 sodium hydroxide solution. Eksperimenitudiulangdenganmenggunakan 0.1 mol dm3 asidsulfurikbagimenggantikanasidhidroklorik. Ramalkanisipaduasidsulfurik yang diperlukanuntukmeneutralkan 25.0 cm3larutannatriumhidroksida. [1 mark] Explain your answer in (e) (i). Terangkanjawapanandadalam (e)(i). .. . [2 marks] 4541/2 [LIHAT SEBELAH SULIT

ii

SULIT 4

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Diagram 4 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the empirical formula of oxide metal M. Rajah 2 menunjukkansusunanradasuntukmenentukan formula empirikbagioksidalogam M. M oxide Oksida M Dry hydrogen gas Combustion tube Tiub pembakaran a i DIAGRAM 4

Asbestos paper Kertas asbestos

Name two chemicals used to prepare hydrogen gas in the laboratory. Namakanduabahan yang digunakanuntukmenyediakan gas hidrogendalammakmal. ....................................................................................................................... [2 marks]

ii

Write a chemical equation for the reaction in (a)(i). Tuliskanpersamaankimiabagitindakbalas di (a)(i). ... [1 mark]

Table 4 shows the result of the experiment: Jadual 2 menunjukkankeputusaneksperimenitu: Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper Jisimtiubpembakaran + kertas asbestos Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper + M oxide before heating Jisimtiubpembakaran + kertas asbestos + oksida M sebelumpembakaran Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper + product after heating Jisimtiubpembakaran + kertas asbestos + hasilselepaspembakaran [Relative atomic mass of O=16, M=55] TABLE 4 Determine the empirical formula of M oxide. Tentukan formula empirik bagi oksida M. 39.25 g 47.95 g 44.75 g

[3 marks] ii Write a chemical equation for the reduction of M oxide by hydrogen gas. Tulispersamaankimiabagipenurunanoksida M oleh gas hidrogen. ........................................................................................................................ 4541/2 [LIHAT SEBELAH SULIT

SULIT

4541/2 [1 mark] State one precaution that must be taken when carrying out the experiment. Nyatakansatulangkahberjaga-jaga yang mestidiambilsemasamenjalankaneksperimenitu. ................................................................................................................................. [1 mark]

Can the empirical formula of magnesium oxide be determined by the same method? Explain your answer. Bolehkah formula empirikbagi magnesium oksidaditentukandengankaedah yang sama? Terangkanjawapananda. ................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................. [2 marks]

An experiment is conducted to determine the rate of reaction between 25 cm3 of hydrochloric acid 0.1 mol dm-3 and 10.0 g of marble chips. The gas evolved is collected into a burette by water displacement technique. Diagram 5 shows the incomplete apparatus set-up for this experiment. Table 5 shows the result of the experiment. Satueksperimentelahdijalankanuntukmenentukankadartindakbalasantara 25 cm3asidhidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3dan 10.0 g ketulankalsiumkarbonat. Gas yang terbebasdikumpulkankedalamsebuahburetmenggunakankaedahsesaran air. Rajah 5 menunjukkansusunanradas yang tidaklengkap yang digunakandalameksperimenitu. Jadual 5 menunjukkankeputusaneksperimenitu. Time /s 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Masa/s Volume of gas/cm3 0 16 32 48 58 60 60 Isipadu gas/cm3 TABLE 5 [Relative atomic mass: Ca=40; C=12; O=16. Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at roomcondition] 175 60

Burrette Buret

Hydrochloric DIAGRAM 5 acid Asid hidroklorik Marble chips Ketulan marmar 4541/2 Water Air [LIHAT SEBELAH SULIT

SULIT

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DIAGRAM 5 25.0 cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution is poured into a conical flask. A few drops of phenolphthalein are added into the solution. The solution in the conical flask is titrated with 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid . 25.0 cm3larutannatriumhidroksidadimasukkankedalamsebuahkelalangkon. Beberapatitikfenolftaleinditambahkedalamlarutanitu. Larutandalamkelalangkondititratkandengan 0.1 mol dm-3asidhidroklorik. a Complete the diagram above with a suitable apparatus. Lengkapkangambarajah di atasdenganradas yang sesuai. [1mark] b Write the chemical equation for the reaction between hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate. Tuliskanpersamaankimiabagitindakbalasantaraasidhidroklorikdengankalsiumkarbonat. . [2marks] Calculate the average rate of reaction in the first 50 seconds. Hitungkankadartindakbalaspuratadalam 50 saat yang pertama.

[1 mark] d i Draw a graph of volume of gas against time on the graph paper provided. Lukiskangrafisipadu gas melawanmasamenggunakankertasgraf yang dibekalkan. [3marks] ii Calculate the rate of reaction at 100 seconds. Hitungkankadartindakbalaspada 100 saat [2 marks]

By using the same graph paper in d(i), plot a graph of volume of gas against time if the experimen is repeated by using 25 cm3 of hydrochloric acid 0.05mol dm-3 and 10.0 g of marble chips [ 2 marks]

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SULIT 6 Diagram 6 shows the flow chart of a series of conversion of carbon compounds. Rajah 6 menunjukkancartaalirbagisuatusiripenukaransebatiankarbon. Ethane Etana I II Ethene Etena III Ethanol Etanol

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IV Oxidation

Ethyl etanoate etil etanoat

Substance Q Bahan Q

DIAGRAM 6 CH3COOC2H5 Based on Diagram 6 answer the following questions: Berdasarkan Rajah 6, jawabsoalan-soalanberikut: a iName the reaction in conversion I. Namakantindakbalasdalamperubahan I. ................................................................................................................................................ [1 mark] ii State the catalyst used in this reaction. Nyatakanmangkin yang digunakandalamtindakbalasini. .. [1 mark] Write a chemical equation for the reaction in II. Tuliskanpersamaankimiabagitindakbalas di II. [2marks] In laboratory, ethanol is produced from glucose. Name the reaction that converts glucose to ethanol in the laboratory. Di dalammakmaletanoldihasilkandaripadaglukosa. Namakantindakbalas yang menukarkanglukosakepadaetanol di dalammakmal. .. [1 mark] Name substance Q. Namakanbahan Q. [1 mark] Suggest an oxidising agent that can be used in reaction IV. Cadangkansatuagenpengoksidaan yang dapatdigunakandalamtindakbalas IV. .. 4541/2 [LIHAT SEBELAH SULIT

ii

ii

SULIT

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Write a chemical equation for the reaction in III. Tuliskanpersamaankimiauntuktindakbalas di III. ... [1 mark] Ethanol and substance Q react to produce substance X with a molecular formula of CH3COOC2H5. Etanoldanbahan Q bertindakbalasuntukmenghasilkanbahan X dengan formula molekul CH3COOC2H5. i Name the reaction in V to produce substance X. Namakantindakbalas di V untukmenghasilkanbahan X. .. [1 mark] State one physical property of substance X. Nyatakansatusifatfizikbahan X. [1 mark] iii Draw the structural formula of substance X. Lukiskan formula strukturuntukbahan X.

ii

[1 mark]

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SULIT

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Section B [20 marks] Answer any one question. (Jawab mana-mana satu soalan)
7 a Dilute ethanoic acid (vinegar) is electrolysed using carbon electrodes. What is produced at the cathode? Write a half-equation for the reaction. Elektrolisisasidetanoikcairtelahdijalankanmenggunakanelektrod elektrodkarbon. Apakah yang terhasil di katod. Tuliskansetengahpersamaanbagitindakbalastersebut. [2 marks]

Diagram 7 shows two types of cells. Rajah 7 menunjukkan dua jenis sel.

Magnesium

Copper Copper(II) nitrate

Copper Copper(II) nitrate solution

Cell A

solution

Cell B DIAGRAM 7

Compare and contrast cell A and cell B. Include in your answer the observations and half equations for the reactions at the electrodes in both cells. Banding dan bezakan sel A dan sel B. Sertakan dalam jawapan anda pemerhatian dan setengah persamaan bagi tindakbalas di elektrod-elektrod kedua-dua sel. [8 marks] A student intends to electroplate an iron ring with silver. Seorang pelajar ingin menyadur cincin besi dengan argentum. i State two purposes of electroplating the iron ring. Nyatakanduatujuanmenyadurcincinbesitersebut. [2 marks]

ii

Design a laboratory experiment to electroplate the iron ring. Rancangkansatueksperimenmakmaluntukmenyadurcincinbesitersebut. Your answer should consist of the following Procedures of the experiment. A labelled diagram showing the set up of apparatus. Half equations for the reactions at both electrodes. Observations at both electrodes.

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SULIT Jawapanandahendaklahtermasukperkara-perkaraberikut: Langkah-langkaheksperimen. Gambar rajah susunanradasberlabel. Setengahpersamaanbagitindakbalas di kedua-duaelektrod. Pemerhatian di kedua-duaelektrod.

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[8 marks]

Diagram 8 shows the electron arrangement for atoms P, Q and R. Rajah 8 menunjukkansusunanelektronbagi atom-atom P, Q dan R.

Q P

Atom P

Atom Q

Atom R

DIAGRAM 8 Based on figure 8, answer the following questions: Berdasarkan rajah 8, jawabsoalan-soalanberikut: a i State the location of atom R in the Periodic Table of Elements. Nyatakankedudukan atom R dalamJadualBerkalaUnsur.

ii

Explain how you determine the group and the period of atom R. Terangkanbagaimanaandamenentukankumpulandankalabagi atom R. [5 marks]

Atoms P and Q can form chemical bonds with atom R. Atom P dan Q bolehmembentukikatankimiadengan atom R. State the type of chemical bond and explain how the bond is formed between: Nyatakanjenisikatankimiadanterangkanbagaimanaikatanterbentukantara: i Atoms P and R ii Atoms Q and R [11 marks]

State one physical property of the compound formed in (b) (i) and the compound formed in (b) (ii). Explain the differences in the physical property stated. Nyatakansatusifatfizikbagisebatian yang terbentuk di (b)(i) danbagisebatian yang terbentuk di (b)(ii). Terangkanperbezaanbagisifatfizik yang dinyatakan. [4 marks]

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SULIT Section C [20 marks] Answer any one question. (Jawabmana-manasatusoalan)

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Diagram 9 shows a series of reaction starting from lead(II) carbonate, PbCO3. Rajah 9menunjukkansatusiritindakbalasbermuladaripadaplumbum(II) karbonat, PbCO3. Solution X + Larutan X Heat panaskan Crystallisation Penghabluran Gas Y Solid X Pepejal X Diagram / Rajah 9 a Based on Diagram 9 : *Identify gas Y. Describe a chemical test to verify gas Y. *Describe a chemical test to determine the presence of anion in the solution X. *Compare and contrast the observation when solid X and lead(II) carbonate, PbCO3 are heated. Berdasarkan Rajah 9 : *Kenalpasti gas Y. Huraikanujiankimiauntukmenentusahkan gas Y. *Huraikanujiankimiauntukmenentukankehadiran anion dalamlarutanX. *Banding danbezakanpemerhatianapabilapepejalXdanplumbumkarbonatdipanaskan. [8 marks] Lead(II) carbonate can be converted from solution X by using a substance. Suggest the substance. Describe the preparation of lead(II) carbonate by using these substances. In your description, include the chemical equation involved. Plumbum(II) karbonatbolehditukarkembalidaripadalarutanXdenganmenggunakansatubahan. Cadangkanbahanitu. Huraikanpenyediaanplumbum (II) karbonatdenganmenggunakanbahan-bahanitu. Dalamhuraian, sertakanpersamaankimia yang terlibat. [10 marks] A house wife`s discovered that the cake she bake did not rise. Suggest how she can overcome this problem. Give a reason. Seorangsurirumahmendapatikek yang dibakarnyatidaknaik. Cadangkanbagaimanadiabolehmengatasimasalahitu. Berisatusebab. [2 marks]

PbCO3 + HNO3

Gas +Y H2O

PbO +

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SULIT 10 a

4541/2 What is meant by exothermic and endothermic reaction? Explain the changes in the energy content of the reactants and products for both the reactions. Apakah yang dimaksudkandengantindakbalaseksotermikdanendotermik? Huraikanperubahankandungantenagabahantindakbalasdanhasiltindakbalasbagikeduaduatindakbalastesebut? [4 marks ] Diagram 10 represents an energy level diagram for a chemical reaction. Rajah 10 mewakiligambar rajah arastenagabagisatutindakbalaskimia. Energy tenaga H = -x kJ mol-1 C+D

A+B

DIAGRAM 10 State four information that can be obtained from the energy level diagram. Nyatakanempatmaklumat yang dapatdiperolehidaripadagambar rajah arastenagaitu. [4 marks ] Describe an experiment to determine the heat of combustion of ethanol. Your explanation should include the following: Terangkansatueksperimenuntukmenentukanhabapembakaranetanol. Peneranganandaperlumengandungiperkaraberikut: procedure of experiment prosedureksperimen result and calculations keputusandanpengiraan [ 12 marks ]

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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SULIT

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4541/2 Kimia Kertas 2 September 2013 2 1/2 jam

LOGO SEKOLAH

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2013

KIMIA
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1. Tuliskan nombor kad pengenalan dan angka giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Soalan di halaman kiri adalah dalam bahasa Melayu. Soalan di halaman kanan adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Mekayu atau bahasa Inggeris. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 2 dan halaman 3.

2. 3.

Untuk kegunaan Pemeriksa


Markah Bahagian Soalan Penuh 1 2 3 A 4 5 6 1 B 2 3 C 4 20 20 20 10 11 11 20 9 9 10 Markah Diperolehi

4.

5.

Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 16 mukasurat termasuk muka hadapan

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