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ETAP 5.

User-Defined Dynamic
Models (UDM)

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc.


UDM
• UDM is a tool that allows a client to create
his own dynamic models.

Governor UDM

Generator Network

Exciter UDM

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 2
Power System Dynamic
Models
• Energy Conversion Models
- Synchronous Machine Models
- Induction Machine Models
• Controller Models
- Turbine/Governor Models
- Exciter/AVR Models
- Power System Stabilizer (PSS) Modes

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 3
ETAP Dynamic Model
Library
• Having Most Popular IEEE Standard Models

• Cannot Cover All Types of Models

• Difficult to Update Existing Models

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 4
Benefits of Using UDM

• Create Client Own Dynamic Models

• Flexible to Update or Revise Existing Models

• Shorten Development Time Cycle

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 5
How UDM Works with
ETAP(1)
• Using ETAP Library Models (Built-in)

t = t + ∆t

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 6
How UDM Works with
ETAP(2)
• Using UDM UDM Engine

Input Interface

Governor UDM

Exciter UDM

PSS UDM

Output Interface
t = t + ∆t

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 7
How to Create UDM File
• Using SimuLink(MatLab) Interface to Create
Transfer Block Diagrams
• Using ETAP GUI (Future)
SimuLink ETAP
Interface GUI

UDM Transfer
Block Diagram

UDM
Compiler

UDM File

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 8
Create UDM Transfer Block
Diagram Using Simulink (1)
• Manufacturer Governor/Exciter Control Block Diagram

Example: GE Exciter/AVR IEEE Type AC7B Model

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 9
Create UDM Transfer Block Diagram Using
Simulink (2)
• Simulink Transfer Function Block Diagram (IEEE Exciter Type AC7B)

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 10
Create UDM Transfer Block Diagram Using
Simulink (3)

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 11
The Rules for Using
SimuLink in ETAP(1)
• Recognized SimuLink Blocks

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 12
The Rules for Using
SimuLink in ETAP(2)
• Key Words for UDM Input/Output Variable Names
in SimuLink

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 13
The Rules for Using
SimuLink in ETAP(3)
• Key Words for UDM Input/Output Variable Names
in SimuLink

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 14
The Rules for Using
SimuLink in ETAP(3)
• Key Words for UDM Input/Output Variable Names
in SimuLink

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 15
How to Use UDM (1)
• Save UDM Files to UDM Folder Under
PowerStation

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 16
How to Use UDM (2)
• Load UDM Files in ETAP Generator Editor

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 17
How to Use UDM (3)
• Compile UDM File
Click ‘Compile UDM’ Button to Open UDM Compile Editor

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 18
How to Use UDM (4)
• Select Initialization Method
– Initializing State Variables of UDM Transfer Blocks According to
Operation Conditions
– ‘Direct’ Method
• Solve an Algebra Equation
• Suitable for a Single Integrator Model
• Take Less Time

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 19
How to Use UDM (5)
• Select Initialization Method
– ‘Iterative’ Method
• Solve a Set of Differential Equations
• Suitable for a Multi-Integrators Model
• Take Longer Time

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 20
How to Use UDM (6)
• Compile UDM Template File to Equation File
Click ‘Compile’ Button to Open UDM System Data Editor

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 21
How to Use UDM (7)
• Test UDM
Click ‘Test Model’ Button to Open Test Mode Editor

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 22
How to Use UDM (8)
• Test Type and System

Governor UDM

Line
Generator

Exciter UDM Load

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 23
How to Use UDM (9)
• Test Results

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 24
How to Use UDM (10)
• Close UDM Editor
Ready to Run Transient Stability Analysis

Copyright 2003 Operation Technology, Inc. – Workshop Notes: User-Defined Dynamic Models Slide 25