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EE311: Assignment 3
1 q 1. Suppose E(r, t) = 4 r; B(r, t) = 0. Here is the step function which is dened as 2 (vt r ) 0 r

(x) =1 =0

if x > 0 if x 0 .

Show that these elds satisfy all of Maxwells equations, and determine and J. Describe the physical situation that gives rise to these elds. 2. A certain transmission line is constructed from two thin metal ribbons of width w, a very small distance h << w apart. The current travels down one strip and back along the other. In each case it spreads out uniformly over the surface of the ribbon. (a) Find the capacitance per unit length, C . (b) Find the inductance per unit length, L. (c) What is the product L C , numerically? (d) If the strips are insulated from one another by a nonconducting material of permittivity and permeablility , what then is the product L C ? What is the propagation speed? 3. Write down the (real) electric and magnetic elds for a monochromatic plane wave of amplitude E0 , frequency , and phase angle zero that is (a) traveling in the negative x direction and polarized in the z direction; (b) traveling in the direction from the origin to the point (1, 1, 1), with polarization parallel to the x z plane. In each case, sketch the wave, and give the explicit Cartesian components of k and n . 4. Calculate the exact reection and transmission coecients for the normal incidence of EM wave in a linear medium, without assuming 1 = 2 = 0 . Conrm that R + T = 1. 5. Suppose Aeiax + Beibx = Ceicx , for some nonzero constants A, B, C, a, b, c and for all x. Prove that a = b = c and A + B = C . 6. Analyze EM waves for the case of polarization perpendicular to the plane of incidence (you can consider electric elds in the y direction) in a linear medium. Impose the boundary conditions 0I + E 0R )z = 2 (E 0T )z (E 0I + B 0R )z = (B 0T )z (ii) (B 0I + E 0R )x,y = (E 0T )x,y (iii) (E (i)


1 1 (B0I

0R )x,y = +B

1 2 (B0T )x,y

0R and E 0T . Sketch E0R and E0T as functions of I . Take = n2 /n1 = 1.5. and obtain the Fresnel equations for E 0I 0I E E Note that for this the reected wave is always 180 out of phase. Show that there is no Brewsters angle 0R is never zero (unless, of course, n1 = n2 and 1 = 2 , in which case the two media for any n1 and n2 ; E are optically indistinguishable). Conrm that your Fresnel equations reduce to the proper forms at normal incidence. Compute the reection and transmission coecients, and check that they add up to 1. 7. The index of refraction of diamond is 2.42. Construct the graph analogous to the following gure for the air/diamond interface. (Assume 1 = 2 = 0 ). In particular, calculate (a) the amplitudes at normal incidence, (b) Brewsters angle, and (c) the crossover angle, at which the reected and transmitted amplitudes are equal.