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!" APRIL #!$$

INTRODUCTION Among the numberless magnificence of poetry, the life it brings in literature may be considered one that most outstands. The message may depend upon different peoples perspectives, but the beauty remains the same. One just has to be sensitive to its promptings to know what it has to convey and to offer. This paper will discuss the recurring theme of three of the best-known poems pertaining life, Anyway by other Teresa, Desiderata by a! "hrmann and If by #udyard $ipling, and will no longer include other elements of poetry. %t is e!pected that at the end of the study, the themes will be discussed comprehensively.

BIOGRAPHIES M%&'() T()(*+ other Teresa was born Agnes &on!ha 'oja!hiu in (kopje), acedonia,

on August *+)), ,-,.. (he joined the (isters of /oreto in ,-*0 and took the name 1Teresa1 after (t. Teresa of /isieu!, patroness of the issionaries. 'y the

,-2.s, she was internationally famed as a humanitarian advocate for the poor and helpless. (he won the 3obel 4eace 4ri5e in ,-2- and %ndia6s highest civilian honor, the 'harat #atna, in ,-0. for her humanitarian work. other Teresa6s

issionaries of 7harity continued to e!pand, and at the time of her death it was operating +,. missions in ,*8 countries, including hospices and homes for people with 9%:;A%<(, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children6s and family counseling programs, orphanages, and schools. (he was not a poet by profession, but her poem =Anyway is widely acclaimed not because of its poetic beauty but because it reflects the message of goodness she embodies. (he died on (eptember >, ,--2, in her convent in %ndia. (he was 02.

M+, E')-+.. a! "hrmann was born in Terre 9aute, %ndiana on (eptember *+, ,02*, to an emigrant family from 'avaria, &ermany. "hrmann received his early education from the Terre 9aute ?ourth <istrict (chool and the &erman ethodist

7hurch. At the age of @., "hrmann left the family business and returned to writing full-time. Throughout his career, he wrote more than *. books and

pamphlets and many essays and poems that were published separately in newspapers and maga5ines. 9is most acclaimed work was 1<esiderata1, originally published in ,-*2. 1<esiderata1 has been published in numerous maga5ines, newspapers, and anthologies and was produced as a single record by Aarner 'rothers in ,-2,. gained its popularity. a! "hrmann died in ,-@>, well before 1<esiderata1

R/01+)0 K2342.5 Boseph #udyard $ipling was born on 8. <ecember ,0+> in 'ombay Cnow umbaiD %ndia. 9e was an "nglish poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of 'ritish imperialism, tales and poems of 'ritish soldiers in %ndia, and his tales for children. 9e was one of the most popular writers in "ngland, in both prose and verse, in the late ,-th and early *.th centuries. %n ,-.2, he was awarded the 3obel 4ri5e in /iterature, making him the first "nglish language writer to receive the pri5e, and to date he remains its youngest recipient. Among other honors, he was sounded out for the 'ritish 4oet /aureateship and on several occasions for a knighthood, all of which he declined. =%f is one of the poems he is highly praised for. 9e died of a perforated duodenal ulcer on ,0 Banuary ,-8+.

POEMS ANY6AY B1 M%&'() T()(*+

4eople are often unreasonable, illogical and self centeredE ?orgive them anyway. %f you are kind, people may accuse you of selfish, ulterior motivesE 'e kind anyway. %f you are successful, you will win some false friends and some true enemiesE (ucceed anyway. %f you are honest and frank, people may cheat youE 'e honest and frank anyway. Ahat you spend years building, someone could destroy overnightE 'uild anyway. %f you find serenity and happiness, they may be jealousE 'e happy anyway. The good you do today, people will often forget tomorrowE <o good anyway. &ive the world the best you have, and it may never be enoughE &ive the world the best you6ve got anyway. Fou see, in the final analysis, it is between you and your &odE %t was never between you and them anyway.

DESIDERATA B1 M+, E')-+.. &o placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible without surrender be on good terms with all persons. (peak your truth Guietly and clearlyE and listen to others, even the dull and the ignorantE they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons, they are ve!atious to the spirit. %f you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitterE for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. "njoy your achievements as well as your plans. $eep interested in your own career, however humbleE it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. "!ercise caution in your business affairsE for the world is full of trickery. 'ut let this not blind you to what virtue there isE many persons strive for high idealsE and everywhere life is full of heroism. 'e yourself. "specially, do not feign affection. 3either be cynical about loveE

for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. 3urture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. 'ut do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. any fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. 'eyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. Fou are a child of the universe, no less than the trees and the starsE you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with &od, whatever you conceive 9im to be, and whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life keep peace with your soul. Aith all its sham, drudgery, and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. 'e cheerful. (trive to be happy.

IF B1 R/01+)0 K2342.5 %f you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on youE %f you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, 'ut make allowance for their doubting tooE %f you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don6t deal in lies, Or, being hated, don6t give way to hating, And yet don6t look too good, nor talk too wiseE %f you can dream - and not make dreams your masterE %f you can think - and not make thoughts your aimE %f you can meet with triumph and disaster And treat those two imposters just the sameE %f you can bear to hear the truth you6ve spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to broken, And stoop and build 6em up with wornout toolsE %f you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings And never breath a word about your lossE %f you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you "!cept the Aill which says to themH 19old on1E %f you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, Or walk with kings - nor lose the common touchE %f neither foes nor loving friends can hurt youE %f all men count with you, but none too muchE

%f you can fill the unforgiving minute Aith si!ty seconds6 worth of distance run Fours is the "arth and everything that6s in it, And - which is more - you6ll be a an my sonI


ANY6AY The poem is simple in its form and uses neither figurative language nor symbolisms. The imagery present is prominently kinesthetic, as the lines refer to what a person should ideally do. The poem rhymes in every other line, always ending with the word, =anyway. The poem can be easily understood as the language used is plain and simple. The central message conveys to the readers that despite ones goodness and efforts to do what is right, there will always be factors that will try to hinder or destroy him. 3evertheless, these should not stop him from pursuing for righteousness, as what matters in the end is not mans relationship with fellow beings. Juoting the last two lines, You see, in the final analysis, it is between you and your God It was ne!er between you and the" anyway#$

DESIDERATA The poem is a free verse, and takes a simple and literal form. /ike Anyway, the poem suggests to the readers what life awaits one who chooses and does what is right. The first three stan5as speak of the ideal relationship one should have with another, which highlights the importance of being on good terms with all persons, being tolerant on other peoples weaknesses, and avoiding loud and

aggressive people. (ilence is considered a bringer of peace. The third stan5a speaks of the danger of comparison, for there will always be people greater and lesser than oneself. The fourth stan5a speaks of ones ventures in lifeE that one should not be ashamed of his career, how humble it may seem, so long as it is a noble one. %t also gives caution to being not blinded or tempted by the trickeries of the world, for it is not what will give man high reputation in the society, but it is high ideals and virtues that will credit man genuine heroism in building his own character. The fifth stan5a admonishes one to be true to oneself, and trust ones feelings and affections. In the face of all aridity and disenchantment , love should be upheld because it is the only thing that is permanent or perennial in a changing world. The si!th stan5a e!horts one to be teachable, to leave behind the things of youth or childish and immature conducts. %t does not advice one to earn temporal riches but to nurture strength of spirit to prepare oneself in sudden misfortunes, which connotes the importance of ones soul over riches or temporal things that will not sustain one for a long time. The stan5a also conveys that one should not overcome himself with dark imaginings or with negativity, for sometimes, a person only becomes downhearted out of fatigue and loneliness, but once these things will be put away, it is only then that ones judgment becomes wise and dependable. The seventh stan5a counsels that one need not be harsh to oneself, and hence, be gentle, because one does not simply e!ist, but is a child of the

universe, which is e!plained to be no less than the trees and the stars. This part of the poem suggests that man is by nature special, and though it may be unclear for him, even the universe testifies about his divine nature. The eight stan5a speaks of being at peace with &od, however one may perceive 9im to be, whether 9e is Allah, 'uddha, Fahweh, Besus 7hristE hence, whatever religion one may have, one should be at peace and in good terms with &od. The third and fourth lines gives back the message of being at peace with ones soul, whatever labors and aspirations he may have in life. The last stan5a gives a renewed hope and perception pertaining the world in which one lives in. The poem concludes that despite its imperfections, it is still a beautiful world. Thus, one should be cheerful and not only try, but strive to be happy.

IF The poem is simple and literal in form and style. %t takes assonance and obliGue rhymes. /ike the two preceding poems, it e!presses messages of ideal living to achieve happiness and contentment in ones life. %n the first stan5a, the poem speaks of remaining calm and unaffected of what occurs outside, and instead, be in control of things that seem to be irrepressible. %t speaks of having a firm principle in life that despite others decisions, ones course remains unaltered because he has fi!ed his mind. 3evertheless, it also speaks of considering others opinions and e!amining if the criticisms might be constructive and helpful to improve one, and it also cautions

one not to look too good or speak too wise which can mean that one should be humble and not boast of ones acGuired knowledge. The second stan5a speaks of being not absorbed by ones dreams and thoughts, because these in their e!tremes can never benefit a person and instead lead to his ruin. Triumph and disaster are considered impostors because they are intangible and one can never be certain if they will stay or when they will go. The stan5a also teaches how to distinguish truth from lies, and that is hearing oneself and not knaves, or those who alter the truth to fool others. /astly, when things one builds are destroyed by others, one should not hesitate to build them again Cwhich can be related to one of the messages of AnywayD. The third stan5a conveys a message of risk-taking and of being willing to risk all of ones possessions despite the uncertainties, and doing everything in ones power to start again if things turn out wrong and ruined, without breathing a word about the defeat. One should still use all the faculties of his soul to go on and have in mind the will which says Hold on ! The last stan5a echoes the central message of the two preceding poems discussed, which all call for a return to virtue. This pertains to the spiritual

condition of a person, of how he should keep the virtues and values to himself, to remain humble, to choose to be offended by neither foes nor friends and to be willing to forgive. %n return, the whole of earth will be ones possession. The phrase, Kyou"ll be a #an, my son ! signifies ones maturity and development, from being a natural man to a person who has grown spiritually because of the virtues he has set as standards in life.


The three poems discuss the ideals one should live in order to be happy and fulfilled. They speak of doing what is right and just amidst the tempests and uncertainties in a chaotic world. The choice of living righteously, of embodying ideal virtues in ones e!istence is the theme of the poems discussed. The poems connote the virtue of being unfeigned and unmoved by other peoples idiosyncrasies, and remain steadfast and immovable in achieving a life aimed for.


%Anyway& by 'other Teresa httpH;;;nobelLpri5es;literature;laureates;,-.2;kipling-bio.html 'other Teresa httpH;;;wiki; otherLTeresa %Desiderata& httpH;;;desiderata.htm 'a( Ehr"ann )io*ra+hy httpH;;;inspirations;authors;mehrmann.html %If& by Rudyard ,i+lin* httpH;;;archive;poetry;#udyardL$ipling;kiplingLif.htm Rudyard ,i+lin* )io*ra+hy httpH;;;nobelLpri5es;literature;laureates;,-.2;kipling-bio.html