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# Applied Linear Statistical Models

## Midterm Test November 2, 2003

Dr. Douglas H. Jones
You are not to consult with any person. You may use only the notes, textbook, SPSS, and
Excel.
Problem scenario: Sixteen batches of plastic were made, and from each batch one test
item was molded. Each test item was randomly assigned to one of the four predetermined
times levels, and the hardness was measured after the assigned elapsed time. The results
are shown below; X is the elapsed time in hours, and Y is hardness in Brinell units.
OB
S
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Y
19
9
20
5
19
6
20
0
21
8
22
0
21
5
22
3
23
7
23
4
23
5
23
0
25
0
24
8
25
3
24
6

X
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
6
2
4
2
4
2
4
2
4
3
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
4
0
4
0
4
0
4
0

## The actual data are to be found at the website

http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~dhjones/APPLIED_LINEAR_STATISTICAL_MODELS(PHD)/
TEST1/ under the file name plastic.xls.
The first-order regression model

Yi = 0 + 1 X i + i
is to be fit to the data. Using this model, answer the following problems.

Problem 1
The 95 percent confidence interval for the change in the mean hardness when the
elapsed time increases by one hour is
a) Lower = 1.830; Upper = 2.248
b) Lower = 162.901; Upper = 174.299
c) Lower = 1.840; Upper = 2.228
d) Lower = 162.941; Upper = 174.259

Problem 2
The percent of variation in Y accounted for by the model is
a) 97.1 percent
b) 98.6 percent
c) 97.3 percent
d) 97.3 percent

Problem 3
The plastic should get harder as time increases. Conduct a test to decide whether this is
being true; use = .05. The alternatives, decision rule, and conclusion is
a) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 > 0; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 1.08X10-12, therefore reject
H0.
b) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 > 0; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 2.16X10-12, therefore reject
H0.
c) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 0; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 2.16X10-12, therefore reject
H0.
d) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 > 0; Reject Ha if p-value > .05; p-value 2.16X10-12, therefore reject
H0.

Problem 4
The plastic manufacturer has stated that the mean hardness should increase by 2 Brinell
units per hour. Conduct a two-sided test to decide whether this standard is being satisfied;
use = .05. The alternatives, decision rule, and conclusion is
a) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 = 2; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 0.709444456, therefore do
not reject H0.
b) H0: 1 = 0 H0: 1 = 2; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 0.354722228, therefore
reject H0.
c) H0: 1 = 2 H0: 1 2; Reject Ha if p-value > .05; p-value 0.354722228, therefore do
reject H0.
d) H0: 1 = 2 H0: 1 2; Reject Ha if p-value < .05; p-value 0.709444456, therefore do
not reject H0.

Problem 5
Obtain the power of your test in Problem 4 if the standard actually is being exceeded by .3
Brinell units per hour. Assume {b1} = .1. Select the closest value from the following
choices.
a) .05
b) .80
c) .53
d) .95

Problem 6
Perform the F test determine whether or not there is lack of fit of a linear regression
function; use = .05. The alternatives, decision rule, and conclusion is
a) H0: E(Y) = 0 + 1X Ha: E(Y) 0 + 1X; Reject H0 if F> F(.95; 2, 14) ; p-value 0.462,
therefore do not reject H0.
b) H0: E(Y) 0 + 1X Ha: E(Y) = 0 + 1X; Reject H0 if F< 3.89; F = 0.82, therefore reject
H0.
c) H0: E(Y) = 0 + 1X Ha: E(Y) 0 + 1X; Reject H0 if F> 3.89; F 0.82, therefore do
not reject H0.

d) H0: E(Y) = 0 + 1X Ha: E(Y) 0 + 1X; Reject H0 if F> 3.89 ; F 493.75, therefore
reject H0.

Problem 7
Management wishes to obtain interval estimates of the mean hardness when the elapsed
time is 20, 30, and 40 hours, respectively. Calculate the desired confidence intervals,
using the Bonferroni procedures and a 95 percent family confidence coefficient.
a)

X Lower
Upper
20 206.9610 211.6140
30 227.8544 231.4082
40 247.0733 252.8767

b)

X Lower
Upper
20 206.3395 212.2355
30 227.3797 231.8828
40 246.2982 253.6518

c) X Lower
Upper
20 227.8544 231.4082
30 206.9610 211.6140
40 247.0733 252.8767

d)

X Lower
Upper
20 205.9587 212.6163
30 227.0889 232.1736
40 245.8233 254.1267

Problem 8
Management wishes to obtain interval estimates of the mean hardness when the elapsed
time is 20, 30, and 40 hours, respectively. Calculate the desired confidence intervals,
using the Working-Hotelling procedures and a 95 percent family confidence coefficient.
a)

X Lower
Upper
20 206.3212 212.2538
30 227.3658 231.8967
40 246.2755 253.6745

b)

X Lower
Upper
20 201.2605 217.3145
30 223.5006 235.7619
40 239.9636 259.9864

c) X Lower
Upper
20 227.8544 231.4082
30 206.9610 211.6140
40 247.0733 252.8767

d)

X Lower
Upper
20 205.9587 212.6163
30 227.0889 232.1736
40 245.8233 254.1267

Problem scenario: The primary objective of the Study on the Efficacy of Nosocomial
Infection Control (SENIC Project) was to determine whether infection surveillance and
control programs have reduced the rates of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infection in the
United States hospitals. This data set consists of a random sample of 113 hospitals
selected from the original 338 hospitals surveyed.
Variable Number

Variable
Name

Variable Label

Description

ID

Identification Number

1 -- 113

Infection Risk

## Average estimated probability acquiring infection

in hospital (in percent)

X1

## Ratio of number of cultures performed to

number of patients without signs or symptoms of
hospital-acquired infection, times 100

X2

## Ratio of number of X-rays performed to number

of patients without signs or symptoms of
pneumonia, times 100

## The actual data are to be found at the website

http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~dhjones/APPLIED_LINEAR_STATISTICAL_MODELS(PHD)/
TEST1/ under the file name senic.sav. The first-order regression model in two predictors

Yi = 0 + 1 X i1 + 1 X i 2 + i
is to be fit to the data. For this model, answer the following problems.

Problem 9
What is the value of

( XX) 1 ?

a) 0.168187 0.000264411
0.000264 0.000104023
-0.002003 -2.3365E-05

-0.00200314
-2.3365E-05
2.90603E-05

## b) -1.275929 -0.01658002 0.018947172

0.01852 0.000216022 -0.000268678
0.014508 0.000270169 -0.000230009

## c) 0.159428 -0.00318123 -0.001229205

0.004512 0.001775218 -0.000398737
-0.002085 -5.5736E-05 3.63311E-05

## d) 0.381408 0.002751463 -0.005096418

-0.109853 -0.00128135 0.001593677
0.006702 0.000179107 -0.000116751

Problem 10
What is the value of b?
a)

b
(Constant)
X1
X2

b)

0.018235
1.940969
0.058598

b
(Constant)
X1
X2

c)

1.940969
0.018235
0.058598

b
(Constant)
X1
X2

d)

0.018235
0.058598
1.940969

b
(Constant)
X1
X2

1.940969
0.058598
0.018235

Problem 11
What is the value of SStot?
a) .358
b) .608
c) 74.405
d) 201.380

Problem 12
What is the value of standard error of the estimate?
a) 126.975
b) .369
c) 1.07439
d) 37.203

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