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List of Abbreviations used in Medical Prescriptions Abbreviation aa ad a.c. a.d.

ana ad ante cibum auris dextra Latin of each up to before meals right ear "a" can be mistaken as an "o" which could read "o.d.", meaning right eye ad lib. admov. agit alt. h. a.m.m. a.m. amp amt aq a.l., a.s. Aqua auris laeva, auris sinistra ad libitum Admove Agita alternis horis ad manu medicae ante meridiem use as much as one desires; freely apply stir/shake every other hour at doctors hand morning, before noon ampule amount water left ear "a" can be mistaken as an "o" which could read "o.s." or "o.l", meaning left eye A.T.C. a.u. auris utraque around the clock both ears "a" can be mistaken as an "o" which could read "o.u.", meaning both eyes bis b.d./b.i.d. B.M. BNF bol. B.S. B.S.A b.t. BUCC cap., caps. c, c. cib. cc bucca capsula cum cibus cum cibo bolus Bis bis in die twice twice daily bowel movement British National Formulary as a large single dose (usually intravenously) blood sugar body surface areas bedtime inside cheek capsule with (usually written with a bar on top of the "c") food with food, (but also cubic centimetre) mistaken for "U", meaning units; also has an ambiguous meaning; use "mL" or "milliliters" cf comp. cr., crm CST D5W D5NS D.A.W. dc, D/C, disc dieb. alt. dil. disp. div. diebus alternis with food compound cream Continue same treatment dextrose 5% solution (sometimes written as D5W) dextrose 5% in normal saline (0.9%) dispense as written (i.e., no generic substitution) discontinue or discharge every other day dilute dispersible or dispense divide ambiguous meaning mistaken for "b.i.d", meaning twice daily Meaning Possible confusion

d.t.d. D.W. elix. e.m.p. emuls. et eod ex aq fl., fld. ft. g gr gtt(s) H h, hr h.s. h.s ID IJ, inj IM IN

dentur tales doses

give of such doses distilled water elixir

ex modo prescripto emulsum et

as directed emulsion and every other day

ex aqua

in water fluid


make; let it be made gram grain


drop(s) hypodermic

hora hora somni

hour at bedtime hour sleep or half-strength intradermal ambiguous meaning


injection intramuscular (with respect to injections) intranasal

mistaken for "IV", meaning intravenously

mistaken for "IM", meaning intramuscular, or "IV", meaning intravenously

IP IU IV IVP IVPB L.A.S. LCD lin liq lot. mane M. m, min mcg m.d.u. mEq mg MgSO4 mist. mitte mL MS mistura mitte more dicto utendus mane misce minimum linimentum liquor

intraperitoneal international unit intravenous intravenous push intravenous piggyback label as such coal tar solution liniment solution lotion in the morning mix a minimum microgram to be used as directed milliequivalent milligram magnesium sulfate mix send millilitre morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate can mean either morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate, spell out either may be confused with "MSO4", spell out "magnesium sulfate" mistaken for "IV" or "10", spell out "international unit"

MSO4 nebul N.M.T. nebula

morphine sulfate a spray not more than

may be confused with "MgSO4", spell out "morphine sulfate"

noct. non rep. NS 1/2NS N.T.E. o_2 od od

nocte non repetatur

at night no repeats normal saline (0.9%) half normal saline (0.45%) not to exceed both eyes, sometimes written as o2

omne in die oculus dexter

every day/once daily (preferred to qd in the UK ) right eye "o" can be mistaken as an "a" which could read "a.d.", meaning right ear, confusion with omne in die


om on o.p.d. o.s. o.u.

omne mane omne nocte

every morning every night once per day

oculus sinister oculus uterque

left eye both eyes

"o" can be mistaken as an "a" which could read "a.s.", meaning left ear "o" can be mistaken as an "a" which could read "a.u.", meaning both ears

oz per p.c. pig./pigm. p.m. p.o. p.r. PRN, prn pulv. PV q q.a.d. q.a.m. q.d.s. q.p.m. q.h. q.h.s. q.1 h, q.1 q.d., q1d q.i.d. q4PM q.o.d. qqh q.s. QWK R rep., rept. RL, R/L s s.a. SC, subc, subcut, subq, SQ sine secundum artum repetatur quater quaque hora quantum sufficiat per post cibum pigmentum post meridiem per os per rectum pro re nata pulvis per vaginam quaque quoque alternis die quaque die ante meridiem quater die sumendus quaque die post meridiem quaque hora quaque hora somni quaque 1 hora quaque die quattuor in die

ounce by or through after meals paint evening or afternoon by mouth or orally by rectum as needed powder via the vagina every every other day every day before noon four times a day every day after noon every hour every night at bedtime every 1 hour; (can replace "1" with other numbers) every day four times a day at 4pm every other day every four hours a sufficient quantity every week rectal repeats Ringer's lactate without (usually written with a bar on top of the "s") use your judgement subcutaneous "SC" can be mistaken for "SL", meaning sublingual; "SQ" can be mistaken for "5Q" meaning five every dose mistaken to mean every four hours mistaken for "QD", spell out "every other day" mistaken for "QOD" or "qds", spell out "every day" or "daily" can be mistaken for "qd" (every day)


write on label

SL sol s.o.s., si op. sit ss SSI, SSRI solutio si opus sit semis

sublingually, under the tongue solution if there is a need one half or sliding scale sliding scale insulin or sliding scale regularinsulin ambiguous meaning; mistaken for "55" or "1/2" mistaken to mean "strong solution of iodine" or "selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor"

stat supp susp syr tab tal., t tbsp troche t.d.s. t.i.d. t.i.w. top. T.P.N. tr, tinc., tinct. tsp U g u.d., ut. dict. ung. U.S.P. vag w wf w/o X Y.O.

statim suppositorium

immediately suppository suspension

syrupus tabella talus

syrup tablet such tablespoon

trochiscus ter die sumendum ter in die

lozenge three times a day three times a day three times a week topical total parenteral nutrition tincture teaspoon unit microgram mistaken for a "4", "0" or "cc", spell out "unit" mistaken for "mg", meaning milligram mistaken for twice a week

ut dictum unguentum

as directed ointment United States Pharmacopoeia vaginally with with food (with meals) without times years old List of symbols used in prescriptions

Symbols @ > <

Latin at greater than less than take, take this, or take thus prescription drug


Possible confusion mistaken for "2"; spell out "at" mistaken for a "7" mistaken for an "L"