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ECE - 313

Course Title : Electrical Circuits Theory

Submitted By----- Mohammad Zahid Hasan Roll No. 1002055 Reg. No. 02912 Level -3 , Semester -1
Submitted By-----
Mohammad Zahid Hasan
Roll No. 1002055
Reg. No. 02912
Level -3 , Semester -1
Session : 2010-11
Faculty of CSE
Patuakhali Science & Technology University

4/26/2013

4/26/2013
4/26/2013
 
4/26/2013

INDEX………………………………………

Projects Submitted-----

  • 1. Home Security Restricted Entry

  • 2. Remote Tester & Sunlight Detector

  • 3. IR Remote controlled Home Appliances

  • 4. Digital Water Level Indicator

  • 5. Thermal Switching

  • 6. Potato Battery Driven LED

1.Home Security Restricted Entry

Circuit Diagram:

1.Home Security – Restricted Entry Circuit Diagram: Apparatus Required: 1. 10K Resistance 2. 68K Resistance 3.

Apparatus Required:

  • 1. 10K Resistance

  • 2. 68K Resistance

  • 3. 1K Resistance

  • 4. 0.1uF and 1uF capacitors

  • 5. Timer IC NE 555

  • 6. And a Speaker

Working:

When the thin wire is connected to PIN 4 and PIN 1 of IC the circuit will not respond.

We will set it behind the door in such a way that the thin wire tears when the door is opened.

When PIN 4 and PIN 1 will be disconnected the speaker will produce a noise and the house members will be aware that someone has entered through the door.

2.Remote Tester & Sunlight Detector

Circuit Diagram:

2.Remote Tester & Sunlight Detector Circuit Diagram: Apparatus Required: 1. IC – LM7805 2. SM 0038

Apparatus Required:

  • 1. IC LM7805

  • 2. SM 0038 IR Sensor

  • 3. Buzzer

  • 4. Several Resistances

  • 5. BC 557 Transistor

  • 6. LED

  • 7. Power Supply 9V

Working:

When the IR sensor detects a signal from TV/DVD/CD remote or any other sources producing a frequency matching the remotes frequency, the circuit will respond to the signal resulting a flash in the LED and at the same time a sharp whistle in the buzzer.

The circuit will also respond in the sunlight.

3.IR Remote controlled Home Appliances

Circuit Diagram:

3.IR Remote controlled Home Appliances Circuit Diagram: Apparatus Required: 1.IC CD4017 2.Red and Green LED 3.TSOP

Apparatus Required:

1.IC CD4017 2.Red and Green LED 3.TSOP 1738 IR Sensor 4.BC 547 Transistor

5.Relay

6.1N4148 Diode 7.Several Resistances 8. Capacitor etc.

Working:

The infra-red (IR) toggle switch project described here is aimed to provide control mechanism for electrical appliances that do not have remote operation features. The goal is to construct a black box where you can plug-in your 120V AC appliance and control ON and OFF operations with any modern IR remote control devices.

Modern IR remote controls generate modulated pulse train of 38KHz frequency when any key on the remote is pressed. With the use of capacitive filtering we will convert the stream of pulses into one pulse regardless of the key entered. This way, we will be able to toggle a relay switch with any key pressed on the remote.

4.Digital Water Level Indicator

Circuit Diagram:

4.Digital Water Level Indicator Circuit Diagram: Apparatus Required: 1. IC 74HC147 2. IC CD4511BE 3.BC 547

Apparatus Required:

  • 1. IC 74HC147

  • 2. IC CD4511BE

3.BC 547 Transistor

4.LED

  • 5. 5V DC Supply

  • 6. 7-segment-Display

7.Resistances etc.

Working:

When the tank is empty, all the inputs of IC1 remain high. As a result, its output also remains high, making all the inputs of IC2 low. Display LTS543 at this stage shows ‘0,’ which means the tank is empty. Similarly, when the water level reaches L-1 posi-tion, the display shows ‘1,’ and when the water level reaches L-8 position, the display shows ‘8.’ Finally, when the tank is full, all the inputs of IC1 become low and its output goes low to make all the inputs of IC2 high. Display LTS543 now shows ‘9,’ which means the tank is full.

5.Thermal Switching

Circuit Diagram:

5.Thermal Switching Circuit Diagram: Apparatus Required: 1. 12V CPU Fan 2. 12 V power Supply 3.

Apparatus Required:

  • 1. 12V CPU Fan

  • 2. 12 V power Supply

  • 3. Fluorescent Starter

  • 4. Candle

Working:

When the candle is lighted up , the starter material will expand and will be attached together. Then the fan will turn on and the candle will be turned off. The starter material will be detached.

6.Potato Battery Driven LED

Circuit Appearence:

6.Potato Battery Driven LED Circuit Appearence: Apparatus Required: 1.Potato 2. Salt Solution 3. Anode and Cathode

Apparatus Required:

1.Potato

  • 2. Salt Solution

  • 3. Anode and Cathode

4.Wire

  • 5. LED etc

Working:

Each potato will give around 0.85V of supply. We will connect 6 potatoes in series and get almost 5V. This voltage will drive the LED.The voltage is produced by the Oxidation- Reduction in the salt solution. It is really a power cell in disguise of potato.