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ERMA FIRST Ballast Water Treatment

Member of Environmental

Protection Engineering S.A

group of companies
Konstantinos Stampedakis, General Director May 4 2011, HEPHAESTUS, EUGENIDES Foundation
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EPE S.A GROUP OF COMPANIES

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EPE S.A. and ERMA FIRST ESK Engineering Solutions S.A


Environmental Protection Engineering S.A was founded in Piraeus in 1977. Scope Products Services
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ERMA FIRST ESK Engineering Solutions S.A established in 2009 Scope: The development, design, certification and production of ERMA FIRST BWMS
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The BWT Convention


International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 - Adopted 13th February 2004 Entry into force: 12 months after ratification Conditions: 30 IMO Member States = 35% World tonnage As of April 2011 28 countries, representing a Source: LR, Ballastthe Technologies report 25.43% of world shipping have ratified convention
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$10 mn from 2007 till today for control in $12 mnCalifornia by end $7 mn 2000-2007 for eradication in SoCal 2010 for control in San Francisco bay $10 mn annually for control in Great Lakes

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The BWT Convention

Source: LR, Ballast Technologies report

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Overview of D-2 and Regional, National & Local Regulations

Source: LR, Ballast Technologies report

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Overview of D-2 and Regional, National & Local Regulations

Others
Pennsylvania: exceeds D-2 Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota and Ohio

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What is the right system for my vessel?

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More confusion

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My system should be approved according to


USCG 2 D-2

USCG 1

NY

California

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OUR SOLUTION:
ERMA FIRST BALLAST WATER TREATMENT

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ERMA FIRST BWMS

System consists of: Pre- filter Cyclonic separator Electrolytic cell Neutralization unit Modular design. Each module has capacity of 100 m3/hr and consists of a separator and an electrolytic cell. For systems with hydraulic load more than 500 m3/hr, then a 500 m3/hr electrolytic cell is used instead of 5 x 100 m3/hr
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ERMA FIRST BWTS

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ERMA FIRST BWMS

Pre-Filtration: 200 m filter Self-cleaning-Bernoulli principle Removal of Large Particles


Advantages Simple system, few moving parts Low & Constant pressure drop Low flushing pressure Corrosion resistant

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ERMA FIRST BWMS

Pre-Filtration Cleaning Phases


PHASE 1 PHASE 2 PHASE 3

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ERMA FIRST BWMS

Cyclonic Separator: Centrifugal principle Separation Efficiency of 20 m


Advantages High Sediment Removal Stable Operation No clogging risks No moving parts No need for backflushing

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ERMA FIRST BWMS


Cyclonic Separator views

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ERMA FIRST BWMS


Cyclonic Separator views

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ERMA FIRST BWMS

Electrolytic Cell:

Low voltage direct current electrode. Specially coated electrodes. Production of Sodium Hypochlorite.

Advantages

No chemicals added Low Power Consumption VERY LOW chlorine concentration (10 ppm) No corrosion risks Low Hydrogen production No need for chemical storage & handling
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ERMA FIRST BWMS

Neutralization Unit:

Activation only during de-ballasting. Neutralizes free chlorine. Dosing Pump Aqueous Sodium Bisulfite solution Free chlorine sensor Amplifier/Controller Consumption: less than 1ltr/100m3 BW

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Typical P& ID 500 m3/hr

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Scheme of Operation


BALLASTING

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Scheme of Operation


DE - BALLASTING

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Product Range

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ERMA FIRST BWMS


Typical arrangement of a 500 m3/hr system

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ERMA FIRST BWMS


Typical arrangement of a 500 m3/hr system

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Ship Installation

Compact Skid-mounted Modular Design Containerized Design Small Footprint, Low Power

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Installation Requirements

System requirements:

Inlet pressure >3 bars, maximum 5 bars Power requirement/ 100m3/hr: 3 kW Control air: 6 bars Fully automatic operation Neutralization solution consumption <1 lit /100 m3

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Operating & Maintenance Costs

Operating Costs

only for Sodium Bisulfite appx 30-40 cents/ltr Estimation for this cost : 0.013 / m3 discharged water Zero moving parts wear/replacement. Very long life time of hydrocyclones. Long lifetime for electrolytic cell anodes replacement easy replacement by the crew.
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Maintenance Costs

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Certification Status

Basic Approval
GESAMP recommended to MEPC that Basic Approval should be granted expect to receive during MEPC 62.

Final Approval

Land base tests completed successfully in June 2010 at Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ). Sea board test from January 2011 till June 2011 The final approval is expected to be issued in March 2012 (MEPC 63) LR will witness the tests for the Type approval of the system
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ERMA FIRST BWMS Land Based testing at NIOZ

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ERMA FIRST BWMS Land Based Results


Land-based tests NIOZ salinity 23.9 PSU Intake IMO Discharge natural plankton Average Average total bacteria [counts/mL] 3.71+E6 presence 4.03+E4 E. coli [cfu/mL] < 0.1 presence < 0.1 Enterococci [cfu/100 mL] Presence < 1 plankton <10 m 6287 1.5 [counts/mL] plankton 10-50 m 1244 1000 0.1 [counts/mL] plankton >50 m [counts/m3] 8.8+E5 105 0.8 Land-based tests NIOZ salinity 33.6 PSU Intake Discharge natural plankton Average Average total bacteria [counts/mL] 4.38+E6 presence 1.79+E5 E. coli [cfu/mL] < 0.1 presence < 0.1 Enterococci [cfu/100 mL] Presence < 1 plankton <10 m 2790 1.3 [counts/mL] plankton 10-50 m 1258 1000 0.1 [counts/mL] ERMA FIRST ESK Engineering Solutions S.A plankton >50 m [counts/m3] 5.8+E5 105 0.3 IMO D-2 <250 <100 <10 <10 IMO D-2 <250 <100 <10 <10
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ERMA FIRST BWMS Land Based Results


Results Discussion -Organisms> 50m: Three tests out of ten gave zero values -Organisms >10m but 50 m: all test gave <0.1 ( detection limit) -Pathogens: well below IMO or regional standards

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ERMA FIRST Ship Board Tests

Started at 24/1/11 on board container vessel COSCO GUANGZHOU. A 500 m3/hr Test Unit installed on board. Sampling Test performed by Dr. Stephan Gollasch, GoConsult

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ERMA FIRST Ship Board Tests

Ship board Tests are being witnessed by LR.

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Shipboard test results

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Corrosion issues
-Is free chlorine corrosive?
can be at high concentrations and at long disposure (Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, 2002) -Coating manufacturers statement
-

-It

Coatings may loose their durability when disposed at ballast water with free chlorine concentration 3-5 ppm

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ERMA FIRST BWTS Chlorine levels


Test run ERMAFirst Treatmen t dose Measured * TRO (T0) mg/ L 5.95 5.3 4.9 5.2 4.4 TRO (T1) mg/ L 4.18 2.3 3.3 4.1 2.3 2.6 3.2 1.37 1.12 1.8 TRO (T2) mg/ L 3.49 TRO (T3) mg/ L 3.05 TRO (T4) mg/ L 2.72 0.8 0.8 1.88 0.86 TRO (T5) mg/L Low Salinity I 10 II III IV V 10 10 10 10 Postneutralizatio n TRO mg/L 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) 0.02 or (<0.02) ND ND ND ND ND

7.2 7.2 7.2 8.2 6.7

2 0.4 0.8 1.61 0.84

High Salinity VII 10 VIII IX X XI 10 10 10 10

7.4 7.4 7.5 6.0 8.1

6.2 6.2 4.4 3.4 3.1

3.7 4.6 3.1 3.6 2.4

3.7 3.7

2.1 1.9 2.04 2.14

1.88 1.88 1.08 1.56 1.4

ND ND ND ND ND

1.99

1.7

1.27

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ERMA FIRST BWTS Chlorine levels


Low Salinity
Test 1 10 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 Test 5 Test 1 10

High Salinity
Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 Test 5

Chlorine Concentration, mg/L

Chlorine Concentration, mg/L

1 0 50 100 150

1 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

0,1

0,1

0,01

0,01 Holding Time, hr

Holding Time, hr

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Corrosion testing
The corrosion effects of the treated ballast water from ERMA FIRST BWTS on pipes and ballast tank coatings are being evaluated according to MEPC.59/2/16 guidelines. According to these guidelines different substrates coated ( MSC.215.82) and uncoated made by different materials commonly found in the ballasting piping and tanks ( such as low carbon steel, Stainless Steel, Cu and Ni alloys and non metals such as gasket and seal materials) are exposed to treated an un treated water for a minimum duration of 6 months.

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Corrosion Results
Untreated: Before treatment Treated: Before treatment

Untreated: After 3 months exposure


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Treated: After 3 months exposure


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Corrosion Results
Untreated: Before treatment Treated: Before treatment

Untreated: After 3 months exposure

Treated: After 3 months exposure


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Corrosion Results
Untreated: Before treatment Treated: Before treatment

Untreated: After 3 months exposure

Treated: After 3 months exposure


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ERMA FIRST Engineering Dept.

The Engineering department services :


Vessel inspection and choice of suitable installation area Virtual 3-D presentation of the installed system at the chosen area Consultation on Ballast pumps and Generator Sets choice Design of the required piping modifications for the BWTS Design of the sampling points according to convention guidelines System Installation Commissioning and Start- up Prepare vessels documentation for the Ballast Water Management Certificate
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ERMA FIRST BWMS An IDEAL BWT Solution:

The Reasons:

High Sediment Removal efficiency. Stable Operation in Flow & Pressure, no clogging. Effective operation even in very low salinity (>5 PSU). Compact Installation, Small Footprint. Zero Chlorine in Discharged Waters. Low Power Consumption Energy Efficiency. Very Low Hydrogen Production no explosion risk. No corrosion risk in Ballast Tanks. No chemical storage & handling. Fully Automated, simple operation. Very small maintenance & operating costs.
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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Information:

www.ermafirst.com info@ermafirst.com

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