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Andy Truong, Vera Ogdanets, Oliver Truong, Sangkyun Byun, Tyler Insolia National History Day November 13,

2013 Annotated Bibliography

Primary Resources: "6 Dead, Dozens Hurt in Attack on Navy Ship." ABC News. ABC News Network, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=80798>. The page contains a quote about the attack on the Navy ships, and how the attack was perceived by Clinton. The article goes on to explain that the explosion killed six sailors and stated that 11 were still missing. Also, it theorizes how the bombing took place, with the bombers having to have known about the location of the boat. The execution of the bombing was quite intelligent and many saw this as a terroristic attack.

"9/11 Commission Records." 9-11 Commission Records. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.archives.gov/research/9-11/>. This is the photo of the 9/11 Commission seal; the commission was created in 2002roughly a year after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. The commission was created to account for all events regarding the terroristic attacks on September 11, 2001including preparedness and any response. "AM with Tony Eastley." AM. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2010/s3059670.htm>. This article contains a quote by Hillary Clinton that describes her feelings toward terrorism. This helped us understand her view on terrorism, and how other high ranking officials felt about terrorism.

Bin Laden, Osama Bin Mohammend Bin Awad. ""letter to the American People"" Letter to the American people This letter was written by Osama Bin Laden to the American people. It tells the people the answers to the two questions he proposed, "Why are we fighting and opposing you? and "What are we calling you to, and what do we want from you?". He also tells the people how he is planning to use media in order to attack more followers.

Barclay, Shelly. "Five Deadliest Terrorist Attacks in U.S. History." Yahoo Contributor Network. 15 Feb. 2010. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://voices.yahoo.com/five-deadliest-terroristattacks-us-history-5451551.html This article describes what are considered the five deadliest terrorist attacks in U.S. history. It was useful towards our website because the author of the article gave a clear and concise description of the attacks, which helped us to better understand the enormity of terrorism in the U.S. "Clinton's Announcement in Support of a Victims' Rights Amendment." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/law/jan-june96/victim_0625.html>. This article contains Bill Clintons speech about the justice system and the quote he used to describe such events. In his speech, he states many examples of how the victims of crimes do not get the rights they deserve. He points out how a mother of a murdered daughter did not have the right to speak to the jury, because the judge ruled that her constitutional right to a fair trial required him to strike the law down. Clinton wanted to make sure cases like these never happened again.

"Five Myths about Guantanamo Bay | Center on National Security." Five Myths about Guantanamo Bay | Center on National Security.N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.centeronnationalsecurity.org/node/633>. This is the photo of the sign posted with the name of the particular camp at Guantanamo Bay. The photo depicts the aridness and desolate nature surrounding the prisoners at the camp who are under tight supervision during all hours of the day. Founding, Fathers. "The Bill of Rights." 1791. MS. The Charters of Freedom.Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html>. The fourth amendment of the Bill of Rights talks of the use of searches and seizures amongst the United States citizens; a protection of privacy that modern citizens feel are misused. The eight amendment of the Bill of Rights particularly relates to the cruel and unusual punishment against enemies of the United States- an issue that is often discussed with Guantanamo Bay. Kirkpatrick, David D., Nicholas Kulish, and Eric Schmitt. "U.S. Raids in Libya and Somalia Strike Terror Targets." The New York Times. 5 Oct. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/06/world/africa/Al-Qaeda-Suspect-Wanted-in-USSaid-to-Be-Taken-in-Libya.html?_r=0>. This article describes the raids that took place in Libya and Somalia, when U.S. forces captured an Al Qaeda member who was suspected of being partly responsible for orchestrating the 1998 Embassy Bombings. This was useful in our realization that terrorism is still active and terrorists are still being hunted down today.

Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government in the Former the False Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer and His Followers Are Detected and Overthrown ; the Latter Is an Essay concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil-government. London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchill ..., 1698. Print. John Lockes Treatise in relation to government exemplifies the quintessential enlightenment ideals in regards to the perfect balance of the government of a nation and its role in serving its citizens. McFadden, Robert D. "Blast Hits Trade Center." New York Times (23 Feb. 1993). NYtimes.com. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0226.html>. This is a real newspaper article that was printed after the World Trade Center was bombed. This was important to describe the history of terrorism and its beginnings.

"Michigan Ann Arbor Bay City Detroit Flint Grand Rapids Jackson Kalamazoo Lansing Muskegon Saginaw All Michigan." The Bay City Times.N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. city/index.ssf/2009/08/standish_prison_eyed_for_possi.html>. This photo is an aerial view of the notorious prison, Guantanamo Bay- depicting its perfect structure and orderliness of practice amongst the facility and its prisoners. PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/video/blog/2010/04/15th_anniversary_of_oklahoma _c.html>. This is an article that tells of the history of the Anthrax attacks, which were letters filled with deadly anthrax spores that were mailed to important people. This helped us see a different view of terrorist attacks and the different ways that terrorism prevails in the world.

"Pope Francis: The Humble Pontiff with Practical Approach to Poverty." The Guardian. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/mar/13/jorge-mariobergoglio-pope-poverty>. This quote by Pope Francis I helped us understand how not only did terrorism violated peoples' rights, but also how it created economic inequalities that separate the already growing amount of economic classes. He believes that terrorism augments to the increasing amount of difficulties that we face as a country already.

"PressTV - More Guantanamo Bay Prisoners Join Hunger Strike." PressTV - More Guantanamo Bay Prisoners Join Hunger Strike.N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2013. <http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/04/21/299462/more-gitmo-prisoners-on-hungerstrike/>.

This photo is of two individuals dressed in orange jumpsuits with a black bag that masks their face. These individuals are protesting the unfair justice practiced at Guantanamo Bay in front of the White House; these individuals are also protesting over the multitude of money spent in holding such prisoners, yet the prisoners often die without justice. "Remarks of John O. Brennan, "Strengthening Our Security by Adhering to Our Values and Laws"" The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/09/16/remarks-john-o-brennanstrengthening-our-security-adhering-our-values-an>. This article contained a quote that describes how John Brennan feels about the Patriot Act. He claims that their highest prioreity is to protect the American people, and the Patriot Act is the step toward that gaol. He believes it is in the country's best interest to implement the Patriot Act because no single agency has the power to prevent terrorism on such a large scale.

Schimemann, Serge. "Hijacked Jets Destroy Twin Towers and Hit Pentagon." The New York Times 12 September. 2001: A7. Print. The fourth amendment of the Bill of Rights talks of the use of searches and seizures amongst the United States citizens; a protection of privacy that modern citizens feel are misused. The eight amendment of the Bill of Rights particularly relates to the cruel and unusual punishment against enemies of the United States- an issue that is often discussed with Guantanamo Bay. "Sharpen your carving knife and loosen your belt. You're coming over to my house for ThanksTruthing." The Colbert Report. Comedy Central. Viacom Media Networks. 17 November 2005. Television. This quote by Stephen Colbert satirically criticizes the 9/11 Commission and its actions in regards to the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This quote also exemplifies the new role of government within the United States and its citizens. "TEA PARTY - Planning the 2nd Enlightenment (Part 1 of 3)." Examiner.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013. <http://www.examiner.com/article/tea-party-planning-the-2nd-enlightenmentpart-1-of-3>. This is the photo of John Locke plastered next to his renowned novel, Two Treatises of Government John Locke is often considered one of the most heavily influencing philosophes on American History, and his enlightened ideals are still applied within society to this day. USA Patriot Act.Pub. L. 107-56. 115 Stat. 272. 26 Oct. 2001. Print.

The United States of America Patriot Act was enacted in October of 2001 following the infamous attacks that took place on September 11, 2001. The Patriot Act was implemented as a safeguard at protecting everything directly correlated within/about the United States and its citizens, yet the federal law is deemed as very controversial due to its various stabs at civil liberties.

"Untitled Document." Untitled Document.N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://webpages.scu.edu/ftp/lgrove/PATRIOT ACT.html>. This is the political cartoon that satirically attacks the Patriot Act by depicting the numerous freedoms that American Citizens feel are often stifled by the federal law. A man has gone through a scanner at the airport that symbolizes the Patriot Act while TSA Agents are vigorously investigating the scanned individuals belongings: his various freedoms guaranteed by the United States Constitution. Secondary Source: "9/11 Timeline In Pictures." Fox News. FOX News Network, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.foxnews.com/slideshow/us/2013/09/11/timeline-pictures/>. This slideshow contains many horrific photos of 9/11 and the other events that occurred on that day. There are numerous photos displaying the aftermath of the attacks, such as the twin towers on fire and many people fleeing the scene of the attacks. It also includes the capitol being evacuated and president Bush's reactions to the event. "American Civil Liberties Union." American Civil Liberties Union. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <https://www.aclu.org/technology-and-liberty/how-usa-patriot-act-expands-lawenforcement- sneak-and-peek-warrants>. This page describes how the Patriot Act once enacted would give authorities power to search a house without a warrant until later time. It also discusses the fact that this could violate the fourth amendment and questions the legality of the Act. This act has raised many questions about the power that it instills and has been a very controversial topic. Carter, Chelsea J., Carol Cratty, Susan Candiotti, Michael Pearson, John King, Joe Johns, Chris Lawrence, Deborah Feyerick, Ben Brumfield, Jake Tapper, and Drew Griffin. "'CAPTURED!!!' Boston Police Announce Marathon Bombing Suspect in Custody." CNN. Cable News Network, 19 Apr. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/19/us/boston-area-violence/index.html>. This article reports the capture of the suspect who was responsible for the Boston Marathon Bombings. We used this in our description of the bombings on the timeline page. This showed us the difficulties in catching and bringing the culprits of terrorism to justice.

CNN Library. "USS Cole Bombing Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, 18 Sept. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/18/world/meast/uss-cole-bombing-fastfacts/>. This article describes the bombing of the USS Cole, a ship that was attacked by a group of suicide bombers. This shocked the nation during Bill Clintons presidency, and he vowed to bring the culprits to justice. This helped us realize the difficulties that stopping terrorism produced. Economic Impact of Terrorism and the September 11 Attacks." About.com Terrorism Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://terrorism.about.com/od/issuestrends/a/EconomicImpact.htm>. This page describes the effects terrorism had on our economy. It also explains that costs can be calculated from many different angles such as the property costs and short term effects on productivity. According to the article, the estimated costs have been projected at around 21.8 billion dollars and that it cost the private sector 11 billion dollars. This article provided us a grasp on how the costs were estimated and the economic damage that was done. "'Everybody in Guantanamo Has Been Tortured or Abused' - Former Detainee - RT OpEdge." 'Everybody in Guantanamo Has Been Tortured or Abused' - Former Detainee - RT Op-Edge. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://rt.com/op-edge/gitmo-strike-tortureinmate-724/>. This article explains the events that took place in Guantanamo. It then goes on to an interview between the former inmate and him telling us the conditions of jail. The inmate states that many were tortured and even told how to commit suicide. This was an example of how the rights of the people were being violated and it gave us insight to what was going on in Guantanamo.

Grabianowski, Ed. "How the Patriot Act Works." HowStuffWorks. 6 July 2007. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.howstuffworks.com/patriot-act.htm>. This webpage talks about the inner workings of the Patriot Act and explains the different clauses throughout the document. This contributed to our understanding of the governments ability to control what wars our country fights and how we choose to fight them. Greenspan, Jesse. "Remembering the 1993 World Trade Center Bombing." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 26 Feb. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.history.com/news/remembering-the-1993-world-trade-center-bombing>. This article describes the 1993 World Trade Center Bombing and the horrors the people experienced first hand. This was important because it helped us remember this difficult time when the entire world was at shock from the gruesome attacks.

Moughty, Sarah. "Anthrax Attacks: 10 Years Later." PBS. PBS, 3 Oct. 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/criminal-justice/anthrax-files/the-anthraxattacks-10-years-later/>.

This is an article that tells of the history of the Anthrax attacks, which were letters filled with deadly anthrax spores that were mailed to important people. This helped us see a different view of terrorist attacks and the different ways that terrorism prevails in the world. "Visual Guide: Boston Marathon Terror Attack." CNN. Cable News Network, 22 Apr. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/interactive/2013/04/us/boston-marathonterror-attack/>. This article describes the monstrosity of the Boston Marathon Bombings and the long and tedious process it took to hunt down and capture the culprits. This is important because it emphasizes the difficulties of hunting down terrorists, even in our homeland. Yahoo! News. Yahoo!, 09 Sept. 2011. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://news.yahoo.com/photos/9-11the-25-most-powerful-photos-slideshow/>. This slideshow contained many photos of 9/11. Most of the photos show the condition of the city after the planes struck the towers. People were fleeing for safety and many were covered in dust and soot as the towers collapsed causing debris to fly all directions.