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Alternatif 1

WOODS DESIGN STRUCTURE


* SAP 2000 REPORT
* JOINT DESIGN
* CONTROL DESIGN

Data Perencanaan
- Jarak kuda-kuda
- Bentang kuda-kuda
- Sudut
- Penutup atap (Genteng)
- Kelas kuat kayu
- Kecepatan angin
- Alat sambung

3
11,5
20
50
1
40
- Baut
- Pen

m
m
derajat
kg/m2
kg/m2

Berat Baja 2 x L.70.70.7


Rangka

Panjang Batang

R1
R2
R3
R4
R5

Jml Rangka

4538
2269
3016
1102
3741

Total

7
2
4
8
2

31766
4538
12064
8816
7482
64666

total
2 x L.70.70.7
berat / m'

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

1293.32 m
7.38 kg/m

Berat total baja 2.L.70.70.7

9544.7016 kg

Berat Baut D 1/2'


Rangka
R1
R2
R3

Jml baut

Jml Rangka
164
84
88

7
2
4

Total
1148 bh
168 bh
352 bh

R4
R5

8
2
total

Jumlah total baut D 1/2'

0 bh
0 bh
1668 bh

1668 buah

FRAME

DISTANCE
(m)

4-9
5-8
6-7
10 - 15
11 - 14
12 - 13
16 - 20
25 - 35
26 - 36
31
32
29 - 37
33 -34
21 - 24
22 - 23

2.21
2.21
2.21
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
2.2
1.92
19.2
2.21
2.92

P (kg)
Tekan (-)
Tarik (+)
5062.55
4050.04
1697.14
4881.16
4382.65
3569.6
59.16
475.52
483.81
659.71
648.71
129.36
1814.37
912.3
532

E. GORDING 08/12
E.1 Perhitungan Gording
Data-data
- Jarak kuda-kuda max
=
- Bentang kuda-kuda
=
- Jarak gording
=
- Berat penutup atap
=
- Berat angin
=
- Kemiringan kuda-kuda
=
Kelas kuat kayu 1/2/3/4 ?
=
Ukuran gording 08/12 cm kayu kruwing Bj = 0.79
Peninjauan Searah Sumbu Y - Y
1. Bs. Gording =
0.08x0.12x0.79x1000xcos 32
M1 = 1/8 x 6.43 x 4^2
2. Bs. Atap = 2.63 x 50 x cos 32
M2 = 1/8 x 111.52 x 4^2
3. Muatan Angin
W = 0.02 x 32 - 0.4
W1 = 0.24 x 2.63 x 35
M3 = 1/8 x 22.092 x 4^2
W2 = - 0.4 x 2.63 x 35
M4 = 1/8 x -36.82 x 4^2
3. Beban Berguna ( P )
M5 = 1/4 x cos 32 x 100 x 4
4. Kombinasi Muatan
M1 + M2 + M3
M1 + M2 + M5
Peninjauan Searah Sumbu X - X
1. Bs Gording =
0.08x0.12x0.79x1000xsin 32
M1 = 1/8 x 4.02 x 4^2
2. Bs Atap = 2.63 x 50 x sin 32
M2 = 1/8 x 69.68 x 4^2
3. Beban Berguna ( P )
M5 = 1/4 x sin 32 x 100 x 4
4. Kombinasi Muatan
M1 + M2
M1 + M2 + M5
Ix
Iy
Wx
Wy

=
=
=
=

1/12 x 08x12^3
1/12 x 12x08^3
1152 / (0.5 x 12)
512 / (0.5 x 08)

Kontrol Tegangan
Wx
=
Wy
=
Mx
=
My
=
s

192
2048
20040
32070

400
1790
263
50
35
32
3

cm
cm
cm
kg/m2
kg/m2
derajat

=
=
=
=

6.43
12.86
111.52
223.04

kg
kgm
kg
kgm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.24
22.09
44.18
-36.82
-73.64
100.00
84.80

kg/m'
kgm
kg/m'
kgm
kg
kgm

=
=

280.08 kgm
320.70 kgm

=
=
=
=
=
=

4.02
8.04
69.68
139.37
100
52.99

=
=

147.41 kgm
200.40 kgm

1152
512
192
2048

=
=

cm3
cm3
kgcm
kgcm

Kesimpulan :
- tegangan Ganti
- lendutan :
dipasang trestang

kg/m'
kgm
kg/m'
kgm
kg
kgm

cm4
cm4
cm3
cm3

Kelas kuat kayu 1/2/3/4 ?


3
s (ijin)
75
kg/cm2
Modulus elastis (E)
80000 kg/cm

20,040 / 2048 + 32,070 / 192

AQ - E.6 of 17

176.82 kg/cm2

Kontrol Lendutan
L
=

> 75kg/cm2

Ganti

400 cm

1/200 x 400

qx
qy
Px
Py

=
=
=
=

6.43 + 111.52 + 22.09


4.02 + 69.68
100 x cos 32
100 x sin 32

=
=
=
=

fx

5 x 14004 x 400^4
+
384 x 80000 x 1152
5.065173662
+
6.292 cm

84.8048096156426 x 400^3
48 x 80000 x 1152
1.226921

=
=

5 x 0.74 x 400^4
+
384 x 80000 x 512
5.997989172
+
7.723 cm

52.99 x 400^3
48 x 80000 x 512
1.724998

=
=

sqrt( 6.292^2 + 7.723^2 )


9.96 cm

=
=
fy

ft

2 cm
140.04
73.70
84.80
52.99

kg/m'
kg/m'
kg/m'
kg/m'

> 2 cm

dipasang trestang

E.2 Pembebanan Kuda-kuda


=> Joint P1 = 658.31 kg
Data-data
Ukuran gording 08/12 cm kayu kruwing Bj = 0.79
- Jarak kuda-kuda max
=
- Jarak gording
=
- Berat penutup atap
=
- Berat Eternit
=
- Berat Penggantung
=
- L kanan
=
- L kiri
=
Beban mati
1. Bs Gording =
0.08x0.12x0.79x1000 x 4
2. Bs. Atap = 2.63 x 50
3. Bs. Kuda-kuda L =
17.9 x 4
4. Bs. Eternit = 4 x 11
5. Bs. Penggantung = 4 x 8
P1

=
=

=
=
17.9 m
=
=
=

400
263
50
11
8
2.5
2

cm
cm
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
m
m

30.34 kg
131.5 kg/m'
71.6 kg/m'
44 kg/m'
32 kg/m'

30.34 + (131.50 + 71.6 + 44 + 32) x 1/2 x (2.5 + 2)


658.31 kg

=> Joint W1 = 265.10 kg


Beban angin
- Berat angin
- Jarak kuda-kuda max
- Kemiringan kuda-kuda
- Jarak gording

=
=
=
=
AQ - E.7 of 17

35
400
32
263

kg/m2
cm
derajat
cm

- L kanan
- L kiri

=
=

W = 0.02 x 32 - 0.4
=
W1 = 0.24 x 2.63 x 35
=
W2 = - 0.4 x 2.63 x 35
=
W
=
W1
= 1/2 x (2.5 + 2) x 58.91 x 4
=
265.10 kg

AQ - E.8 of 17

2.5 m
2 m
0.24
22.09 kg/m'
36.82 kg/m'
58.91 kg/m'

BEBAN TERPUSAT ATAP RANGKA KAYU


Data-data
Beban orang (kg)
Beban penutup atap /mati (kg)
Ukuran gording (b x h m)
Jarak kuda-kuda (m)
Jarak antar gording (m)
Kemiringan atap (derajat)
Tekanan angin (kg/m2)
Kelas kuat kayu
Tegangan izin lentur
Modulus elastis (E)

100
50
0.08
x
3
2.2
30
40
3
75
80000 KG/CM2

0.15

Perhitungan

Beban mati
B. mati = (orang+mati).Skuda-kuda.Sgording
B. gording = (bg.hg).Skuda-kuda.1000
Ptengah = Bmati + Bgording
Ppinggir = Ptengah/2

990
36
1026
513

Beban angin
derajat<=65 = (0,02.sudut-0,4).Skuda-kuda.Sgording.Tangin
65<=derajat<=90 = (0,9).Skuda-kuda.Sgording.Tangin
Pangintekan
txt=Panginkiri.sin(derajat)
tyt=Panginkiri.cos(derajat)
Pangintarik=0,4.Skuda-kuda.Sgording.Tangin
hxt=Panginkiri.sin(derajat)
hyt=Panginkiri.cos(derajat)

52.8
237.6
52.8
26.4
45.726141
105.6
52.8
91.452283

Titik kordinat beban terpusat rangka atap


beban mati (L=1) --- > Kg
Psendiri pinggir = Ppinggir
Psendiri tengah = Ptengah
Psendiri pinggir = Ppinggir
beban angin (L=2) -----> Kg
Pangin tekan tumpuan (x,y) = (txt/2 , -tyt/2)
Pangin tekan tengah (x , y) = (txt,-tyt)
Pangin ujung (x,y) = (hxt+txt , hyt+tyt)
Pangin tarik tengah (x , y) = (hxt,hyt)
Pangin tarik tumpuan (x,y) = (hxt/2 , hyt/2)

0
0
0

,
,
,

-513
-1026
-513

13.20
26.40
79.20
52.80
26.40

,
,
,
,
,

-22.86
-45.73
45.73
91.45
45.73

Gambar pembebanan atap


Beban sendiri atap
-1026 kg

-1026 kg

alfa = 30 derajat

-1026 kg

-1026 kg

-1026"kg

Beban sendiri angin


( 79.2 , 45.7) kg

(26.4 , -45.7) kg

(26.4 , -45.7) kg

alfa = 30 derajat

(52.8 , 91.5) kg

(52.8 , 91.5) kg

TABEL PERHITUNGAN KEAMANAN KAYU (TUNGGAL)


Angka keamanan
Kelas kuat kayu (1/2/3/4) ?

0%
1

No. Batang

P (kg)

Lk (cm)

b (cm)

h (cm)

Jml

4-9
5-8
6-7
10 - 15
11 - 14
12 - 13
16 - 20
25 - 35
26 - 36
31
32
21 - 24
22 - 23

5062.6
4050
1697.1
4881.2
4382.7
3569.6
59.16
475.52
483.81
659.71
648.71
912.3
532

2.21
2.21
2.21
1.92
1.92
1.92
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
2.2
2.21
2.92

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Fbr (cm2)
6 x (4 x 5)
7
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120

I (cm4)
1/12 x 4 x 5^3
8
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250
2250

I (cm3)
0,289 x 5
9
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335
4.335

lamda
3/9
10
0.509803922
0.509803922
0.509803922
0.442906574
0.442906574
0.442906574
0.253748558
0.253748558
0.253748558
0.253748558
0.507497116
0.509803922
0.673587082

Wtabel
11
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

tegpakai
2 x 11 / 7
12
42.187917
33.750333
14.142833
40.676333
36.522083
29.746667
0.493
3.9626667
4.03175
5.4975833
5.4059167
7.6025
4.4333333

<

tegijin

Ket

13

14
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130

1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman
1 x 8 x 15 aman

TABEL PERHITUNGAN KEAMANAN KAYU (GANDA)


Angka keamanan
KELAS KUAT KAYU(1/2/3/4) ?

No. Batang

29 - 37
33 - 34

Catatan :

P (kg)

Lk (cm)

0%
1

Kayu Pinggir(cm)
bp
hp

129.36
1814

1.92
19.2

(*)

iy < imin ---->


iy > imin ---->

8
8

12
12

iy
imin

Kayu Tengah(cm)
bt
ht

8
8

15
15

It =2.(1/12).bp^3.hp+
2.bp.hp((bt+bp)/2)^2

13312
13312

Ig

Iy

iy

1/12.(2bt)^3.hp 1/4(It+3.Ig) sqrt(Iy/(2.bp.hp))

4096
4096

6400
6400

5.773502692
5.773502692

imin

ipakai *

0,289.hp iy<imin

3.468
3.468

lamda
Wtabel tegpakai <
Lk/ipakai

3.468 0.55363
3.468 5.53633

1
1.03

0.6738
9.7314

tegijin

130
126

SAMBUNGAN BAUT DAN PLAT


Titik Tumpu No. 9/18 batang 29
Gol
a=
f (cm) =
P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =

--->

1
30
1.9

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =
Pp =
--->

2
8
1

129.36 kg
plat (y/t)

1,330.00 kg > 129.36 kg

1
90
1.9

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =
Pp =
--->

P=

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =

--->

=
=
=
=
=

Ps

1
8
2

475.52 kg
plat (y/t)

diambil terkecil
2 x 304.00
2 x 1,25 x 304.00

483.81 kg
1
8
2

plat (y/t)

=
=
=
=
=
=

365.092
603.786
0
365.09
730.18
912.731

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

(aman)
1814.37 kg
2
8
2

plat (y/t)

tekan
t

f3 /4"

buah

125 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(30))


250 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(30))
480 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(30))
diambil terkecil
2 x 1,330.00

Titik Tumpu No. 15 batang 32

tarik
y

Ps

912.73 kg > 483.81 kg

2,660.00 kg > 1814.37 kg

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

f3 /4"

buah

diambil terkecil
2 x 365.09
2 x 1,25 x 365.09

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

304
563.16
0
304
608
760

(aman)

50 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(60))
240 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(60))

1
30
1.9

tarik

=
=
=
=
=
=

Ps

760.00 kg > 475.52 kg

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

50 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(90))
240 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(90))

1
60
1.9

1330
2660
1429.56
1330
1330

f3 /4"

buah

Titik Tumpu No. 10 batang 33


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

(aman)

Titik Tumpu No. 10 batang 26


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

tekan

f3 /4"

buah

125 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(30))


250 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(30))
480 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(30))
diambil terkecil
1 x 1,330.00

Titik Tumpu No. 14 batang 25


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

P=

Ps

=
=
=
=
=

1330
2660
1429.56
1330
2660

(aman)
648.71 kg

tarik

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

Gol
a=
f (cm) =
P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =
Pp =
--->

1
90
1.9

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =

--->

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =

--->

1
0
1.9

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

P1 =
P2 =
P2 =
Ps =

--->

P=
2
8
4

6,931.20 kg > 4050.04 kg

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

4050.04 kg
plat (y/t)

P=

=
=
=
=
=

Ps

2
8
4

4382.65 kg
plat (y/t)

1900
3800
1732.8
1732.8
6931.2

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

tarik
t

f3 /4"

buah

=
=
=
=
=

Ps

1900
3800
1732.8
1732.8
6931.2

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

(aman)
P=
2
8
4

4881.16 kg
plat (y/t)

tarik
t

f3 /4"

buah

125 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))


250 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))
480 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(0))
diambil terkecil
4 x 1,732.80

6,931.20 kg > 4881.16 kg

tekan

(aman)

6,931.20 kg > 4382.65 kg

Tampang
b (cm) =
Jumlah baut

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

f3 /4"

buah

125 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))


250 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))
480 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(0))
diambil terkecil
4 x 1,732.80

1
0
1.9

304
563.16
0
304
608
760

(aman)

125 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))


250 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(0))
480 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(0))
diambil terkecil
4 x 1,732.80

1
0
1.9

=
=
=
=
=
=

Ps

760.00 kg > 648.71 kg

Samb. Kolom dgn kuda-kuda


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

f3 /4"

buah

diambil terkecil
2 x 304.00
2 x 1,25 x 304.00

Sambungan Titik Tumpu 14


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

plat (y/t)

50 x 8 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,6.Sin(90))
240 x 1.9 x 1.9 x ( 1 - 0,35.Sin(90))

Sambungan Batang No. 5


Gol
a=
f (cm) =

1
8
2

Ps

(aman)

=
=
=
=
=

1900
3800
1732.8
1732.8
6931.2

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

SAMBUNGAN GIGI
Titik Tumpu No. 1 batang 4
38.5

30

P (kg)

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
2

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

d' = 1/6 x 15
d'' = 1/4 x 15
d = 2.5 + 3.75

=
=
=

V (cm)

sh =
t=

5062.55

tekan

8
15

2.5 cm
3.75 cm
6.25 cm

(5062.55 x cos 30)


8 x 6.25
(5062.55 x cos 30)
38.5 x 8

87.69 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

14.23 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

Titik Tumpu No. 9/13 batang 16


221

60

P (kg)

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
1

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

d' = 1/6 x 15

2.5 cm

2.5 cm

V (cm)

sh =
t=

(59.16 x cos 60)


8 x 2.5
(59.16 x cos 60)
221 x 8

59.16

tekan

8
15

1.48 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

0.02 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

Titik Tumpu No. 9 batang 21


V (cm)

10

60

P (kg)

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
1

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

d' = 1/6 x 15

2.5 cm

2.5 cm

sh =
t=

(912.3 x cos 60)


8 x 2.5
(912.3 x cos 60)
10 x 8

Titik Tumpu No. 14 batang 21

912.3

tekan

8
15

22.81 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

5.70 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

V (cm)

10

60

P (kg)

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
1

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

d' = 1/6 x 15

2.5 cm

2.5 cm

sh =
t=

(912.3 x cos 60)


8 x 2.5
(912.3 x cos 60)
10 x 8

912.3

tekan

8
15

22.81 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

5.70 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

Titik Tumpu No. 10 batang 22


221

101

P (kg)

532

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
1

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

8
15

d' = 1/6 x 15

2.5 cm

2.5 cm

V (cm)

sh =
t=

(532 x cos 101)


8 x 2.5
(532 x cos 101)
221 x 8

tekan

-5.08 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

-0.06 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

Titik Tumpu No. 15 batang 22


V (cm)

10

41

P (kg)

532

Kls kayu (1-4)


Gigi (1/2)

1
1

s ijin //
t ijin //

130
20

b (cm) =
h (cm) =

8
15

d' = 1/6 x 15

2.5 cm

2.5 cm

sh =
t=

(532 x cos 41)


8 x 2.5
(532 x cos 41)
10 x 8

tekan

20.08 kg/cm2

< 130 kg/cm2 (aman)

5.02 kg/cm2

< 20 kg/cm2 (aman)

KONTROL BERAT SENDIRI 1 KUDA-KUDA


No.
Batang

Tampang
( 1/2)

Ukuran (cm)
b

3
4
5
6
7
8
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
25
24
26
27
28
29
19
20
21
22
23
1
2
16
17

1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

203
203
203
203
203
203
192
192
192
192
192
192
67
67
67
67
67
67
67
67
192
192
192
192
203
117
233
203

20
8
8
8
8
20
20
8
8
8
8
20
20
8
8
8
8
8
8
20
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
8

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Volume Keterangan
(cm3)
60900
24360
24360
24360
24360
60900
57600
23040
23040
23040
23040
57600
20100
8040
8040
8040
8040
8040
8040
20100
17280
17280
17280
17280
24360
14040
27960
24360
674880

Total Volume = 674880 x 0.000001 = 0.67488 m3


Bj Kayu Kruwing rata-rata =
0.75
Berat sendiri = 674880 x 0.75 = 506160 gram

gram/cm3
= 506.16 kg