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What is the BIT-RATE at which the GSM phone transmits data?

270 kbps shared by 8 users. When you receive a mobile call, the base station transmits at 270 kbps by combining the speech data of 8 telephone calls and signaling data. Actually there are 8 time-slots defined, where each time-slot carries the speech data for one speech call (13 kbps data) plus some over-head bits.

What is the BIT-RATE of Speech in GSM mobile Phone?



13 kbps. [full rate] 6.5 kbps [half rate] Compare the above figures with that of 64 kbps used in a fixed phone case. In cellphone, we do not have sufficient bandwidth capacity of the radio freq carrier and therefore we had done some tech of reducing the speech rate of speech used(by degrading the quality of speech to some extent).

Numbers we may remember



The digital bit rate of speech in the MSC=64kbps. The digital bit rate used in mobile phone=13 kbps. The digital bit rate used in mobile phone=6.5kbps. Bit rate of signal carried by one GSM carrier=270.8kbps. Bandwidth of one RF carrier required to carry 270.8kbps=200 kHz. One RF carrier carries speech from BTS for 8 mobile together.

SPEECH PROCESSING

SPEECH IS DIVIDED INTO 20MS SAMPLES, EACH OF WHICH IS ENCODED AS 260 BITS GIVING A TOTAL BIT RATE OF 13 kbps. STEPS: A to D conversion PCM sample blocks LPC=linear prediction coding LTP=long term prediction RPE=regular phase excited

Speech Encoding

We shall start with a raw voice signal fed into the microphone, travel through the various stages involving vocoding, channel coding etc till it reaches the final burst format on the Air Interface. Channel coding

Channel Coding is done to protect the logical channels from transmission errors introduced by the radio path. The coding schemes depend on the type of the logical channels, hence the coding can differ from speech, control and data . Convolution coder CC

The Convolution coder is a series of shift registers implemented using logic gates, where for every one input bit we get 2 output bits. Hence it is called coder. Here k=5 is the constraint length, it means there are 5 shift register and each bit has memory depth of 4 , meaning it can influence the output of up to four next successive bits. This is useful during reception as bits can be derived even if a few consecutive bits are lost due to errors or corruption. Data Channel Coding

The data bits are received in blocks of 240 bits. These are directly convolution coded after adding 4 tail bits. The output of the CC is now 488 bits, which actually increases the bitrate to 24.4 Kbps. To keep the bitrate constant on the air interface we need to puncture the output of the CC. Hence, we have a final bitrate of 22.8 Kbps again .

Question "In GSM technology, I just need an explanation on how we are able to fit a gross bit rate of 270 Kbps in the 200 KHz channel on the air interface in the GSM system. GSM uses Gaussian-filtered Minimum Shift Keying or GMSK. That technology has a spectral efficiency of 1 bit/symbol/Hz. Does that mean we use 1 bit per symbol and not more?" Answer

I am writing this quickly and may not remember all the numbers exactly, so if you find other numbers in other source documents, I may have the numbers wrong. GMSK modulation has a "spectral efficiency" of APPROXIMATELY 1 bit per symbol or 1 bit per hertz of bandwidth. The word "approximately" is used because there are several different ways to measure the bandwidth of a signal. A normal or Gaussian distribution is also called a "bell-shaped curve" in some statistics books.

e 99% bandwidth (called B), and the total bit or symbol duration (called T). This product is called BT. In GSM, a transition time giving a BT product of about 0.3 was chosen by the designers. It puts 99% of the signal power into a 200 kHz bandwidth centered at the carrier frequency. It also allows an almost error-free (about 1% bit error rate -- BER) demodulation of the binary data in the presence of noise at the ratio of 8 to 1 (signal power to noise power). Power ratio of 8/1 corresponds to 9 dB signal to noise ratio in logarithmic decibel units. This 1% BER can be handled adequately by the forward error correcting codes and other error protection methods used in the GSM system design. In the GSM system, with BT=0.3, the spectral efficiency is therefore about 1.35 bits/second/Hz (270/200). GMSK designs with different BT values have a different spectral efficiency value as well.