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SMA 17 AGUSTUS 1945

Jl. Tebet Dalam IIIA, Tebet, Jakarta Selatan 12810 Telp. (021) 8298669 Fax. (021) 8292377 www.sma-smk-tuag1945.com

RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN (RPP)


Nama Sekolah Mata Pelajaran Materi Kemampuan Kelas Semester Alokasi Waktu : : : : : : : SMA 17 Agustus 1945 Bahasa Inggris Explanation Text Membaca (Reading) XII IPA 1 (satu) 2x 45 menit

I.

Standar Kompetensi Memahami makna teks fungsional pendek dan teks tulis esei berbentuk explanation dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan untuk mengakses ilmu pengetahuan.

II.

Kompetensi Dasar Merespon makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei yang menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan untuk mengakses ilmu pengetahuan dalam teks berbentuk: explanation.

III.

Indikator a. Mengidentifikasi kejadian dalam teks explanation yang dibaca b. Mengidentifikasi proses sebuah peristiwa dalam teks explanation c. Mengidentifikasi langkah-langkah retorika dari teks explanation

IV.

Tujuan Pembelajaran a. Siswa dapat memahami kejadian dalam teks explanation


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b. c. V. 1. 2. 3. VI. a.

Siswa dapat menjawab pertanyaan berdasarkan teks yang ada dengan benar Siswa dapat menyebutkan langkah-langkah retorika dari teks explanation Games Ceramah/Penjelasan Diskusi

Metode Pembelajaran/Teknik

Langkah-langkah Kegiatan

Kegiatan awal (10 menit)


Siswa diberikan permainan puzzling paragraph perkelompok. Kelompok dibagi 4 dan satu kelompok terdiri dari 4-5 orang siswa. Paragraph yang diberi sesuai dengan materi yang akan dibahas.

b.

Kegiatan inti (70 menit)


Kegiatan guru Guru memberikan permainan puzzling paragraph dan membagi kelompok diskusi siswa Guru membahas permainan secara singkat Guru menanyakan pertanyaan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal siswa tentang teks Kegiatan siswa

Siswa mengikuti games diberikan guru secara perkelompok Siswa mendengarkan penjelasan singkat Siswa menjawab pertanyaan guru Siswa mendengarkan penjelasan dari guru tentang teks explanation Siswa bertanya jika ada hal yang explanation tidak dimengerti tentang teks Guru menjelaskan materi tentang explanation (jika ada) teks explanation Siswa kembali ke kelompok Guru menjawab feedback (umpan diskusi dan mengerjakan tugas balik) dari siswa (jika ada) yang diberikan guru Guru memberikan bahan diskusi Siswa mengumpulkan hasil diskusi untuk siswa Guru mengumpulkan hasil diskusi siswa dan memberikan pekerjaan rumah

c.

Kegiatan akhir (10 menit)

Guru memberikan motivasi pada siswa. Siswa menyanyikan lagu wajib nasional dan berdoa pulang. VII. Latihan Kelompok diskusi Prosedur: Siswa kembali berkumpul dengan kelompok diskusi awal. Setiap kelompok akan diberikan teks explanation. Tentukan struktur dari teks yang ada dan jawab pertanyaannya. 1. SILKWORMS Silkworms live for only two or three days after laying eggs. About 36,000 to 50,000 eggs are laid, and these are carefully stored at the silkworm farm until they are ready to hatch. The eggs hatch into caterpillars, which feed on mulberry leaves. Soon, the caterpillars are ready to spin their cocoons. Not all caterpillars can spin silk cocoons. Only the caterpillars of a silkworm moth known as Bombyx mari can do such spinning. This caterpillar has special glands which secrete liquid silk through its lower lip. The liquid produced later hardens to form tine strands. The caterpillar makes its cocoons using these strands. The threads on the outside of the cocoon are rough, while those inside are soft and smooth. Some fully-spun cocoons are heated. This kills the pupa inside. The cocoons are then put into hot water to loosen the fine threads. Finally, these threads are reeled off the cocoons. The length of unbroken thread produced by a single cocoon measures about one-and-a-half kilometers. Being twisted together several of these threads make single woven materials. 1) What is the purpose of the text a. To persuade readers to buy silk b. To put silk into different categories c. To entertain readers with the knowledge d. To present some points of view about silk e. To describe how silk comes into existence
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2) How are the threads on the outside of the cocoon a. Fine b. Soft c. Rough d. Strong e. Smooth 3) What are mulberry leaves for a. Feeding caterpillars b. Spinning cocoons c. Storing threads d. Hatching eggs e. Laying eggs 2. THE SENSE OF THE TASTE The sense of taste is one of a person's five senses. We taste with the help of taste-buds in the tongue. There are four main kinds of taste: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. All other tastes are just mixtures of two or more of these main types. The surface of the tongue has more than fifteen thousand taste-buds (or cells). These are connected to the brain by special nerves which send the so-called 'tastes messages. When the tongue comes into contact with food of any kind, the taste-buds will pick up the taste. The nerves then send a message to the brain. This will make us aware of the taste. All this happens in just a few seconds. There are four kinds of taste-buds, each of which is sensitive to only a particular taste. These four groups are located in different parts of the tongue. The taste-buds for salty and sweet tastes are found round the tip of the tongue and along its sides. Sour tastes can be picked up only at the sides of the tongue. The taste-buds of the bitter taste are found at the innermost edge of the tongue. There are taste-buds at the centre of the tongue.

The senses of smell and sight can affect taste. The good smell of food increases its taste. Similarly, attractive colours can make food appear tastier and more delicious. If food does not smell good or is dull-coloured, it will look tasty and may not taste good at all. Very hot or cold sensations can make the taste-buds insensitive. Food that is too hot or too cold, when placed in the mouth, will have no tastes at all. 1) We can taste any kind of food because of a. the good smell of food b. the four main kinds of taste c. the taste-buds in the tongue d. the senses of smell and sight e. the taste-buds round the tip of the tongue 2) When we eat very hot or cold food a. the food will lose its taste b. the food won't smell good c. the taste of the food increases d. the taste-buds will be sensitive e. the taste-buds will be very, responsive 3) The senses of smell and sight a. increase the taste of the food b. affect the taste of the food c. make food more delicious d. make the food look good e. make the food attractive 4) The purpose of the text is a. to explain how we can taste any food in the mouth b. to give a report about the sense of taste c. to inform how important the tongue is d. to describe the use of the tongue e. to tell the taste of the food 3. CHOCOLATE
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Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree. This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in places such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a small pine apple. Inside the fruit are the tree's seeds, also known as cocoa beans. The beans are fermented for about a week, dried in the sun and then shipped to the chocolate maker. The chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans to bring out the flavour. Different beans from different places have different qualities and flavor, so they are often sorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix. Next, the roasted beans are winnowed. Winnowing removes the meat nib of the cacao bean from its shell. Then, the nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to make it a liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes bitter. All seeds contain some amount of fat, and cacao beans are not different. However, cacao beans are half fat, which is why the ground nibs form liquid. It's pure bitter chocolate. 1) What is the text about? a. the cacao tree b. the cacao beans c. the raw chocolate d. the making of chocolate e. the flavour of chocolate 2) The third paragraph focuses on a. the process of producing chocolate b. how to produce the cocoa flavor c. where chocolate comes from d. the chocolate liquor e. the cacao fruit 3) " ..., so they are often sorted and blended to produce ..." (Paragraph 3) he underlined word is close in meaning to a. arranged b. combined
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c. separated d. distributed e. organized 4) How does the chocolate maker start to make chocolate? a. By fermenting the beans b. By roasting the beans c. By blending the beans d. By sorting the beans e. By drying the beans 4. NATURAL DISASTER A natural disaster is a terrible accident, e.g. a great flood, a big fire or an earthquake. It usually causes great suffering and loss of a large sum of money. The casualties are injured or died. Some people are homeless and need medical care. Floods occur when the water of rivers, lakes, or streams overflow their banks and pour onto the surrounding land. Floods are caused by many different things. Often heavy rainstorms that last for a brief can cause a flood. But not all heavy storms are followed by flooding. If the surrounding land is flat and can absorb the water, no flooding will occur. If, however, the land is hard and rocky, heavy rain cannot be absorbed. Where the banks are low, a river may overflow and flood adjacent lowland. In many part of the world flood are caused by tropical storms called hurricanes or typhoons. They bring destructive winds of high speed, torrents of rain, and flooding. When a flood occurs, the destruction to surrounding land can be severe. Whole villages and towns are sometimes swept away by water pouring swiftly over the land. Railroad track blocked and uprooted from their beds. Highways are washed away. When a building caught fire, the firemen pitched in to help battle the blaze. Before the pumps were invented, people formed bucket brigades to fight fires. Standing side by side, they formed a human chain from the fire to nearby well or river. They passed buckets of water from to hand to be poured on the flames.
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The damage of the fire did depend a great deal on where it happened. In the country or a small village, only a single house might burn down. But in crowded cities, fire often destroyed whole blocks and neighborhoods before being controlled. 1) What can possibly prevent rivers and lakes from overflowing? a. An absorbent bed b. A rocky surrounding c. A low land d. A high bank e. A high road 2) We know from the text that a. River can sweep heavy flood b. People can make money from flood c. The destruction by flood is always less severe d. Water flood is absorbed by land e. Typhoons caused heavy flood 3) We know from the text that a. The pump is the only tool used by fire fighters now b. The pump helps people to fight fires more efficiently c. Fires in big cities are always very big d. People no longer use buckets to control fire e. Only firemen can control fires in crowded cities VIII. Kunci Jawaban 1. SILKWORMS

General statement : Silkworms live for only two or three days after laying eggs.
About 36,000 to 50,000 eggs are laid, and these are carefully stored at the silkworm farm until they are ready to hatch. (para. 1)

Explanation Closing
Pilihan Ganda:

: Paragraph 2 and 3 : Paragraph 4

1) E 2) C 3) A

2. THE SENSE OF THE TASTE

General statement : The sense of taste is one of a person's five senses. We taste
with the help of taste-buds in the tongue. (para. 1)

Explanation Closing
Pilihan Ganda: 1) C 2) A 3) B 4) A 3. CHOCOLATE

: Paragraph 2-6 : Paragraph 7

General statement : Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree. This tree
grows in equatorial regions, especially in places such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a small pine apple. Inside the fruit are the tree's seeds, also known as cocoa beans. (para. 1)

Explanation Closing
Pilihan Ganda: 1) D 2) A 3) C 4) B

: Paragraph 2 and 3 : Paragraph 4

4. NATURAL DISASTER

General statement : A natural disaster is a terrible accident, e.g. a great flood, a


big fire or an earthquake. It usually causes great suffering and loss of a large sum

of money. The casualties are injured or died. Some people are homeless and need medical care. (para. 1)

Explanation Closing
Pilihan Ganda: 1) A 2) D 3) B IX. Bahan Pengajaran Pengertian

: Paragraph 2-4 : Paragraph 5

Explanation text (teks explanation) adalah teks yang berisi tentang proses-proses
yang berhubungan dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, sosial, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya dan lainnya. Teks Explanation biasanya berasal dari pertanyaan penulis terkait why dan how terhadap suatu fenomena yang ada. Tujuan komunikatif Tujuan komunikatif dari Explanation text adalah untuk menerangkan prosesproses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, sosial, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya, dan lainnya yang bertujuan menjelaskan. Struktur Terdapat tiga bagian dalam struktur kalimat Explanation Text, yaitu:

1. General statement
Dalam general statement berisi tentang penjelasan umum tentang fenomena yang akan dibahas, bisa berupa pengenalan fenomena tersebut atau penjelasannya.

2. Explanation Explanation berisi tentang penjelasan proses mengapa fenomena tersebut bisa
terjadi atau tercipta. Explanation berupa jawaban dari pertanyaan why dan how penulis ketika membuat sebuah Explanation text dan bisa terdiri lebih dari satu paragraf. 3. Closing
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Sebenarnya closing tidak tercantum dalam generic structure dari Explanation text, tetapi kebanyakan orang beranggapan bahwa paragraf terakhir dari sebuah Explanation text adalah closing, padahal itu merupakan bagian dari explanation. Tata Bahasa yang digunakan dalam teks Explanation Dalam sebuah explanation text, terdapat ciri-ciri kebahasaan seperti di bawah ini, yaitu: Menggunakan simple present tense Menggunakan abstract noun, contoh: heat, bravery, earthquakes, love, etc. Beberapa contoh dari abstract noun: Love Anger Hate Peace Loyalty Integrity Pride Courage Deceit Honesty Trust Compassion Bravery Misery Childhood Knowledge Patriotism Friendship Brilliance Truth Charity Justice Faith Kindness Pleasure Liberty Freedom Delight Despair Hope Awe Calm Joy Reality Menggunakan Passive voice Menggunakan Action verbs, contoh: scream, sneeze (perlu diketahui bahwa action verb adalah kata kerja yang bisa dilakukan oleh manusia, hewan, alam, atau bahkan benda). Contoh teks Explanation Making Paper from Woodchips General Statement Wood chipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper products from forest trees. The wood chipping process begins when the trees are cut down in a selected area of the forest called a coupe. Next the tops and branches of the trees are cut out and then the logs are taken to the mill. At the mill the bark of the logs is removed and the logs are Explanation taken to a chipper which cuts them into small pieces called woodchips. The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities. At this stage they are either exported in this form or changed into pulp by chemicals and heat. The pulp is then bleached and the water content is removed. Closing Finally the pulp is rolled out to make paper.

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X.

Bahan, Alat dan Sumber a. Bahan & Alat: Laptop LCD proyektor Buku Look Ahead 3
b. Sumber

Ahkam, M. (2012, Juni 05). Explanation text. Retrieved November 16, 2013, from EMC UIN Alauddin: http://englishahkam.blogspot.com/2012/09/contoh-teksexplanation.html Sudarwati, T. M., & Grace, E. (2007). Look ahead book 3. Jakarta: PT Gelora Aksara Pratama.

XI.

Penilaian Teknik Bentuk : Diskusi : Mengidentifikasi dan menyebutkan struktur dari teks Explanation serta Prosedur : Selama proses belajar mengajar menjawab pertanyaan yang ada Penilaian Reading (Membaca) Nama : Kelas : Aspek 1. 2. 3. Ketepatan Pemahaman Intonasi 60 70 Skor 80 90 Total

Penjelasan: 1. Ketepatan 60 : cukup 70 : bagus

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80 : sangat bagus 90 : istimewa 2. Intonasi 60 : cukup 70: bagus 80 : sangat bagus 90 : istimewa 3. Pemahaman 60 : cukup 70: bagus 80 : sangat bagus 90 : istimewa

Mengetahui, Kepala SMA 17 Agustus 1945 Guru Bidang Studi

Drs. Eddy J. D. Sondakh Dosen Kaprodi

Erno Sumantri, S.Pd Guru PPL

Dra. Maria Hanny Soelistio, M.Hum

Chelsea Sharon Miranda

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