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NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

School Of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

AY 2013-2014

E3.2AE PERFORMANCE OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

ENERGY SYSTEM LABORATORY (THERMAL AND FLUIDS ENGINEERING DIVISION)

N3.1A-B4-01

Name of Student: Pillai Anang Matric No: G1303044G Name of Supervisor: Asst. Prof. Dan Zhao Grade:

Lab Sub-Group: Group 5 Date: 05-Nov-2013

INTRODUCTION A Gas turbine engine is a internal type combustion engine, it is also known as combustine turbine. The basic operation of the gas turbine engine is similar to that of the steam power plant with air being used instead of water. The basic sections of gas turbine engine are 1. 2. 3. 4. The inlet section. The compressor section. The combustion section (the combustor). The turbine (and exhaust) section.

The air from the atmosphere is drawn in from the inlet section, this is then passed through the compressor section where the air is compressed to high pressure and temperature, the high compressed air is then passed through the combustion where the fuel is sprayed and ignited to give a high temperature flow, this high temperature high pressure gas enters the turbine where it expands down to the exhaust pressure, producing a shaft work output to drive the compressor and then this air is passed through the duct to produce the thrust. OBJECTIVE The objective of the experiment is to find the different performance parameters of a gas turbine engine. CALCULATIONS For various RPM settings the following calculations were made: Specific enthalpy, Mechanical Transmission Efficiency, TSFC, Jet Exhaust Velocity and Propulsive Efficiency. A model calculation for 50000 RPM is given below: 1. For 50000 RPM Specific Enthalpy at four different sections are: At compressor inlet, hc.i = 305.22 At compressor exit, hc.e = 390.88 At turbine inlet, ht.i = 778.18 At turbine exit, ht.e = 713.27 Mechanical Transmission Efficiency Mechanical Transmission Efficiency =

Mechanical Transmission Efficiency =

390.88305.22 378.88713.27

= 130.7%

Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC) Here the fuel used has a density of 780 kg/m3

TSFC =

(1000)3.243.785 10.194.45

780

= 210.93 Kg/Kn.Hr

Jet Exhaust Velocity (V5)


1 05 1 2 = [1 + ( ) 5 ] 5 2

1.054 1.013

= [1 + (

1.41 2

1.4

2 1.41 ] ) 5

M5 = 0.223

Now, V5 = M5 5 V5 = 0.223* 1.4 285 702.85 V5 = 118.385 m/s Propulsive Efficiency ( )

118.385 = 86.07% = 1+ 1+ 89.44

2. For 60000 RPM Specific Enthalpy hc.i = 305.22 hc.e = 421.26 ht.i = 866.08 ht.e = 713.27 Mechanical Transmission Efficiency Mechanical Transmission Efficiency = 75.93% Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC) TSFC = 193.52 Jet Exhaust Velocity (V5) M5 = 0.291, V5 = 154.07 m/s

Propulsive Efficiency ( )

= 73.46%

3. For 70000 RPM Specific Enthalpy hc.i = 305.22 hc.e = 451.80 ht.i = 1046.04 ht.e = 756.44 Mechanical Transmission Efficiency Mechanical Transmission Efficiency = 50.61% Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC) TSFC = 177.48 Jet Exhaust Velocity (V5) M5 = 0.378, V5 = 213.63 m/s Propulsive Efficiency ( )

= 59.02%

4. For 80000 RPM Specific Enthalpy hc.i = 305.22 hc.e = 492.74 ht.i = 1068.89 ht.e = 821.85 Mechanical Transmission Efficiency Mechanical Transmission Efficiency = 75.90% Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC) TSFC = 115.03 Jet Exhaust Velocity (V5) M5 = 0.467, V5 = 263.76 m/s

Propulsive Efficiency ( )

= 73.46%

Temperature v/s Entropy


1200.00 1000.00 800.00 600.00 400.00 200.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

TSFC is inversely proportional to thrust i.e. when thrust increases fuel consumption decreases and vice versa. A 100% propulsive efficiency is not possible to attain as for that the exit velocity should equal the velocity at the entry and that is not possible as the exit velocity is considerably higher than that at the entry.