Anda di halaman 1dari 216

UPS and Critical Power Systems

Product Technical Guide 2011

CONTENTS

03 13 45 59 73 87 101 113 127 141 159 171 185 197

Selection Guide
Identify the right solution

Overview
The system setup

MODULYS Green Power


20 to 240 kVA

MASTERYS Green Power


10 to 40 kVA

MASTERYS Green Power


60 to 120 kVA

MASTERYS IP+
10 to 80 kVA

DELPHYS MP elite
60 to 200 kVA

DELPHYS MX
250 to 900 kVA

DELPHYS Green Power


160 to 400 kVA

CPSS EMergency
3 to 200 kVA

STATYS
32 to 4000 A

SHARYS IP
15 to 200 A

SHARYS
7.5 to 600 A

Glossary
Terms and accessories

SOCOMEC retains the full and exclusive ownership rights over this document. Only a personal right to utilise the document for the application indicated by SOCOMEC UPS is granted to the r ecipient of such document. Any r eproduction, modification or dissemination of this document, whether in part or whole, and in any way is pr ohibited, except upon Socomec's express prior written consent. This document is not a specification. SOCOMEC UPS reserves the right to make any changes to data without prior notice.

Identify the right solution

Selection Guide

INDEX
1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1. Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. SELECTION GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.1. Applications: IT (CED, Data Centre, Server Farm, VoIP, Networking, Telecom) . 8 2.2. Applications: Process Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3. Applications: Control and Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4.A pplications: Emergency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.5. Applications: Medical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.6. Applications: Transports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.7. General applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

SELECTION GUIDE

1. INTRODUCTION
The following selection guide is designed to help users identify the static UPS system or static transfer system which best sui ts their required application. The hypothetical operating conditions on which selection is based, unless otherwise indicated, are: maximum ambient temperature of 40 C for the room where the UPS, STS or VSS+DC are installed; ambient temperature of 25 C for the battery room and conformity with EN50272-2; linear and non-linear load power supply as defined by EN 62040-3; input voltage tolerance 15%(1)

1.1. Structure
The selection guide has the following logical flow structure to help you identify the right solution: Selection criteria Application(2) Electrical distribution Total power required Model Number of units needed (for single power value N)
(2) (2)

Example IT application 3ph / 3ph 400 kVA / 360 kW Delphys GP 2

Alternatively you can make a choice based on particular needs, such as short-circuit characteristics. You are also advised to speak to your local Socomec UPS dealer , since they may be able to help you identify potential character istics of the application which require different selection criteria than those proposed in this guide. Socomec UPS products consist of: static UPS systems from 550 VA to 5400 kVA; central power supply systems from 3 to 200 kVA; static transfer switches from 16 to 4000 A; battery or kinetic energy storage systems; rectifiers from 7.5 to 600 A; inverters from 1.5 to 18 kVA. Contact your Socomec UPS dealer for details on other units not available in this guide. Once you have identified the unit or system which best suits your r equirements, refer to the detailed sheets for indepth techni cal data.

(1) Socomec UPS products have even higher tolerances. You are invited to consult the product section for details on the individual model. (2) Minimum data necessary for the selection.

SELECTION GUIDE

2. SELECTION GUIDE
2.1. Applications: IT (CED, Data Centre, Server Farm, VoIP, Networking, Telecom)
System Model Modulys Green Power Masterys Green Power Masterys Green Power Delphys MX Delphys Green Power Delphys Green Power Statys Statys Statys Sharys IP Enclosure Sharys Micro/Mini Sharys Elite Distribution phase/phase 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3 1/1 3/3 3/3 1/DC 1/DC 1/DC Power range Units in parallel (max) Redundant N+1 6 6 6 8 4 Output transformer No No No Yes No No Remark Redundant N+1 architecture based on real hot pluggable power modules Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Version for 19" rack Version for 19" rack Cabinet or integrable version Suitable for harsh operating environments Integrable in 19 rack Stand-alone

UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS STS STS STS Rectifiers Rectifiers Rectifiers

20-240 kVA 10-20 kVA 10-120 kVA 250-900 kVA 160-200 kVA 320-400 kVA 32-63 A 63-100 A 200-1800 A 15-200 A 7.5-200 A 7.5-600 A

2.2. Applications: Process Industry


System UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Model Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Delphys MP Delphys MX Distribution phase/phase 3/1 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/3 3/3 Power range 10-40 kVA 10-40 kVA 40-60 kVA 60-80 kVA 100-200 kVA 250-900 KVA Units in parallel (max) 6 (1) 6 (1) 1+1 (2) 1+1 (2) 6 6 Output transformer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Remark Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments

SELECTION GUIDE
SELECTION GUIDE
Output transformer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Remark Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments 6 (1) 6 (1) 1+1 (2) 1+1 (2) 6 Output transformer No No No Yes Remark Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments 6 6 6
9

2.3. Applications: Control and Monitoring


System UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Rectifier Rectifier Model Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Delphys MP Sharys IP Enclosure Sharys IP System Distribution phase/phase 3/1 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/3 1/DC 3/DC Power range 10-40 kVA 10-40 kVA 40-60 kVA 60-80 kVA 60-200 kVA 15-200 A 60-150 A Units in parallel (max)

(1) Parallel power configuration. (2) 1+1 redundat power configuration.

2.4. Applications: Emergency


System CPSS CPSS CPSS CPSS Model Modulys EL Masterys EL Masterys EL Delphys EL Distribution phase/phase 1/1 3/1 3/3 3/3 Power range 3-6 kVA 10-20 kVA 10-80 kVA 100-200 kVA Units in parallel (max)

SELECTION GUIDE

2.5. Applications: Medical


System Model Distribution phase/phase Power range Units in parallel (max) Redundant N+1 6 6 6 (1) 6 (1) 1+1 (2) 1+1 (2) 6 6 8 4 Output transformer Remark Redundant N+1 architecture based on real hot pluggable power modules Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Redundant configuration with STS recommended Version for 19" rack Version for 19" rack Cabinet or integrable version Suitable for harsh operating environments

UPS

Modulys Green Power Masterys Green Power Masterys Green Power Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Delphys MP Delphys MX Delphys Green Power Delphys Green Power Statys Statys Statys Sharys IP Enclosure

3/3

20-240 kVA

No

UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS STS STS STS Rectifiers

3/1 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3 1/1 3/3 3/3 1/DC

10-20 kVA 10-120 kVA 10-40 kVA 10-40 kVA 40-60 kVA 60-80 kVA 60-200 kVA 250-900 KVA 160-200 kVA 320-400 kVA 32-63 A 63-100 A 200-1800 A 15-200 A

No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No -

(1) Parallel power configuration.

10

SELECTION GUIDE
SELECTION GUIDE
Power range 10-120 kVA 10-40 kVA 10-40 kVA 40-60 kVA 60-80 kVA 60-200 kVA 250-900 KVA 15-200 A Units in parallel (max) 6 6 (1) 6 (1) 1+1 (2) 1+1 (2) 6 6 Output transformer No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Remark Redundant configuration with STS recommended Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments Redundant configuration with STS recommended Suitable for harsh operating environments Power range 60-80 kVA 100-120 kVA 60-200 kVA 250-900 KVA Units in parallel (max) 6 1+1 6 6 Output transformer No No Yes Yes Remark Suitable for harsh operating environments Suitable for harsh operating environments
11

2.6. Applications: Transports


System UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS Rectifiers Model Masterys Green Power Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Masterys IP+ Delphys MP Delphys MX Sharys IP Enclosure Distribution phase/phase 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/1 3/3 3/3 3/3 1/DC

2.7. General applications


System UPS UPS UPS UPS Model Masterys Green Power Masterys Green Power Delphys MP Delphys MX Distribution phase/phase 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3

The system setup

Overview

INDEX
1. POWER QUALITY ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.1. Power interruptions and voltage dips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.2. Voltage and current distortions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1.3. Flicker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.4. Voltage asymmetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.5. Costs of poor-quality power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2. ELECTRICAL POWER AVAILABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.1. Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.2. Availability of parallel or series systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.3. Importance of topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.1. Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.2. Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.2.1. Passive Standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.2.2. Line-Interactive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3.2.3. Double conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3.2.4. Classification in accordance with EN 62040-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.3. Double conversion UPS functional modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.3.1. Rectifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.3.2. DC bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.3. Battery charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.4. Inverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.5. Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.6. Automatic bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.3.7. Maintenance bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3.8. Storage systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.4. Backfeed protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3.5. UPS sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.6. Temperature control in the place of installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.7. Central power supply systems (CPSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3.8. Generator sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3.9. Protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3.9.1. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3.9.2. Selecting and co-ordinating devices to protect against overloads and short-circuits . . . . . 29 3.9.3. Selecting and sizing differential breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.9.4. Overvoltage protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.10. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.11. Directives and Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.11.1. Directives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.11.2. Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.11.3. Electromagnetic Compatibility Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.11.4. Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.11.5. Other standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 4. STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 4.1. Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 4.2. Performance (IEC 62310-3 definition) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 4.3. STS usage examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 4.4. Functional modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 4.4.1. SCR modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 4.4.2. Power supply module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 4.4.3. Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 4.4.4. Maintenance bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4.5. Backfeed protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 4.6. Selecting a STS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

15

OVERVIEW

4.7. Protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 4.7.1. Selecting and coordinating thermal-magnetic breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 4.7.2. Selecting and sizing differential breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 4.8. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 4.9. Directives and Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 5. DC POWER STATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.1. Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2. Functional modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2.1. AC/DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2.2. DC/DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2.3. Energy storage system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.2.4. Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 5.3. Power station sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.4. Temperature of the place of installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.5. Protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.5.1. Selecting and co-ordinating devices to protect against overloads and short-circuits . . . . . 37 5.5.2. Selecting and sizing differential breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.5.3. Low Voltage Disconnect (LVD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.5.4. Overvoltage protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 5.5.5. Earth Leakage Control (ELC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.6. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7. Directives and Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7.1. Directives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7.2. Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7.3. Electromagnetic Compatibility Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7.4. Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 5.7.5. Other standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 6. COMMUNICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.1. Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.1.1. Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.1.2. Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.2. Physical supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.3. Remote services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 7. TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP (TCO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.1. Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2. Impact of UPS or STS systems on the TCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.1. THDi and cos input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.2. Footprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.3. Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.4. Front access and ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.5. Ease of use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 7.2.6. Communication systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 8. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 8.1. RoHS and WEEE directives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 8.2. Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 9. DIRECT ENERGY IMPACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 10. IMPACT ON AIR CONDITIONING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

16

1. POWER QUALITY ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS


It goes without saying that in order for power to be used by the load, it must be present. A less obvious concept is that the power must have characteristics that make it ideal for use, e.g. it must fall within the tolerances permitted by the electric load or utility. The concept of Power Quality (PQ) is, therefore, the set of limits which make energy useable and, consequently, the branch of study which defines assessment criteria and methods of measurement, in addition to analysing causes and proposing solutions. The concept of PQ is not absolute, but always depends on the energy load. For example, in general terms, it can be stated that IT equipment has more stringent PQ requirements than a motor for industrial applications. Normally, PQ requirements and the measures for achieving them, depend on techno-economical considerations and compromises. Loads, in addition to being sensitive to poor-quality power, are often also the cause of power quality issues. The diffusion of non-linear loads (typically electronic equipment) and the connection of large utilities on weak lines are just some of the many causes. Another cause is atmospheric phenomena. The most common disturbances that adversely affect the operation of a component or an electrical utility are: power sags or outages due to network faults short voltage variations due to the connection of heavy loads or the presence of faults in the network distortion of currents and voltages due to non-linear loads present in the system or in the systems of other utilities, etc. flicker due to large intermittent loads asymmetry in the supply voltage system

1.1. Power interruptions and voltage dips


All elements in an electrical system are sensitive, in different ways, to power dips or interruptions. Long interruptions are the result of permanent faults which occur in public distribution networks or within the user's system. The duration may vary from a few minutes to several hours in the most critical cases. By contrast, micro-interruptions are linked to faults which occur in the distributor's networks and normally last for less than a second. 1.1-1

Accidental power interruptions.


Interruzioni brevi Short interruption Interruzioni lunghe Long interruption

U Un

U > 0,99 Un t < 3 min


1

U > 0,99 Un t > 3 min

t
TBK000000

1.2. Voltage and current distortions


Waveform distortions are mainly caused by non-linear loads which, even if powered using sinusoidal voltages, draw highly distorted currents. Typical non-linear loads include: devices which perform AC/DC and DC/AC conversions (present in all electronic power supplies, for example computers) fluorescent lamps electric soldering irons arc furnaces (also responsible for flicker) electrical drives Any periodic waveform can be represented through Fourier series analysis by a fundamental sinewave and by sinusoidal components of varying amplitude and with multiple frequencies, known as harmonics (Figure 1.2-1).
Real waveform
TBK000001

1.2-1

Sinusoidal waveform distortion.

Harmonic components

17

OVERVIEW

1. POWER QUALITY ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS

Harmonic currents circulating in the network cause voltage drops of the same order of magnitude and depending on the line impedance, with resulting voltage distortion. This means that the magnitude of the disturbance caused at each point of the system (both the user and at the point of delivery) depends not only on the characteristics of the load, but also on the characteristics of the plant itself. All electrical components are affected by waveform distortion. Harmonic distortion is also known as THD (total harmonic distortion). The negative consequences of harmonics generally include thermal overloading and sometimes dielectric problems (which can occur in power-factor correction batteries, for example). Harmonics typically increase the risk of overheating in system components or nuisance trips.

1.3. Flicker
The connection and disconnection of loads in an electrical system generate rapid and repetitive voltage variations. In particular, certain types of consumers such as arc furnaces and soldering irons draw current in an irregular and variable manner during their operating cycle, giving rise to flicker. Loads which are most sensitive to voltage fluctuations are incandescent lamps, as the flicker produced by variations in light flow can cause irritation to those who use them. 1.3-1

Example of uctuations of voltage RMS value

235 V 230 V

Voltaggio rms(V) (V) rms voltage

225 V 220 V 215 V

9h

Tempo Time (h) (h)

1.4. Voltage asymmetry


There are two main causes for asymmetry in the supply voltage system, with the first one being most prevalent: Presence of highly unbalanced loads supplied from the same line. This includes high-power single-phase loads which in certain cases may also be intermittent (e.g. high-power singlephase soldering irons). The severity of this phenomenon increases in proportion to the degree of load imbalance and the impedance of the power supply line (length, diameter). The worst affected loads are those located near to or downstream of the unbalanced load. Asymmetrical impedance of the power line. This problem is significant in the case of long backbone lines with no transpositions between the conductors along the route. Asymmetrical voltage can create problems especially in rotating synchronous and asynchronous machines such as, for example, overheating windings, reduced starting torque and vibrations
TBK000003

1.4-1

Three-phase symmetrical voltage

18

TBK000002

1. POWER QUALITY ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS

In general, even the nominal power of the transformers and the cable ratings are reduced in the case of significant asymmetry. In fact, the operating limit of these components is determined by the effective value of the total current which, in the case of imbalance, also consists of non-direct sequence currents. This fact must also be taken into account when adjusting the trip thresholds of protection devices which are sensitive to the total current.

1.4-2

Three-phase asymmetrical voltage

1.5. Costs of poor-quality power


The following estimated costs of poor power quality are provided for indication purposes (source: LPQI). 1.5-1

Power quality costs in Europe (billions of )


Voltage gap and Short interruption Buchi di tensione e brevi interruzioni Long interruption Interruzioni prolungate Harmonics Armoniche Over voltage and transition Sovratensioni e transistori Flicker, not balanced grounds, EMC phenomena Fliker, terre non bilanciate e fenomeni EMC Billions Miliardi of di Production Stop Blocco produzione Lo ss of del current jobin corso Pedita lavoro Process speed reduction Rallentamento del processo System damage delle apparechiature Danneggiamento Other cost Altri costi

85

86,5

90 80 70
63,5 64

60
51,2 53,4

50
44,6 41,3

40
30

37,9

30 20 10
4,2 1,3 1,4 2,9

4,6 0,2

6,4 4,1 1,5 1,8 1,1 2,1 0

Industry Industria

Services Servizi

Total Totale

Industry Industria

Services Servizi

Total Totale

19

TBK000005

0,9

3,3

2 0,4 0,1

2,2

TBK0000004

OVERVIEW

2. ELECTRICAL POWER AVAILABILITY


2.1. Denition
The general concept of availability (A) refers to the length of time that a system is able to perform its intended function. Normally, availability is indicated as a value per unit or as a percentage of the system's total lifespan. Electrical power availability refers to the length of time a load is supplied with high-quality power. More intuitively, it is the length of time the power distribution system performs its intended function without interruptions due to breakdown or [routine] maintenance. In information technology terms, this concept is known as 'uptime' and is the opposite of downtime, e.g. periods when a system is unavailable. The mathematical definition of availability is:

A=

MTBF MTBF + MTTR

=1

MTTR MTTR =1 MTBF + MTTR MTBF

All parameters involved are statistical and describe: MTBF: mean time between failure; MTTR: mean time to repair. The approximation derives from the fact that, due to the intrinsic characteristics of standard-compliant power supply systems, MTTR is at least two orders of magnitude less than MTBF. Availability is always less than 1 or at 100% and is always expressed in nines (99.99..%) It is self-evident that the availability of an electrical power supply depends on the availability of its constituent components: distribution network, transformers, lines or cables, protection devices, UPS, generator sets, etc.

2.2. Availability of parallel or series systems


Below are three examples for comparing availability based on the different topologies. For simplicity, the availability value of both the source and the load are the same and are equal to 0.998. 2.2-1

Single source with single distribution

2.2-2

Double source with single distribution


UPS UPS

2.2-3

Double source with double distribution


UPS UPS DISTRIBUZIONE DISTRIBUTION

UPS UPS

DISTRIBUZIONE DISTRIBUTION

DISTRIBUZIONE DISTRIBUTION

UPS UPS

UPS UPS

DISTRIBUZIONE DISTRIBUTION

TBK000006

TBK000007

2.3. Importance of topology


Topology is fundamental. This is demonstrated not only by the previous example but by experience. Human error, fire and flooding are just some of the possible causes of physical damage to equipment. You can imagine the consequences of having two redundant UPS systems installed in the same equipment room or two distribution lines in the same channels or conduits: a vital and expensive redundancy system would be at serious risk due to physical causes. In view of technical and economic considerations, it is advisable not only to ensure redundancy of the various systems, but also to physically separate them.

20

TBK000008

~0.996004 Atot = A*A = Statistical annual downtime: 35 hours.

~0.997996 Atot = A2 (2-A) = Statistical annual downtime: 17 hours.

~0.999984 Atot = A2 (2- A2) = Statistical annual downtime: 8 minutes.

3.1. Denition
Uninterruptible power systems, perhaps more commonly known as UPS, primarily consist of an energy storage system in various forms, on the basis of which an initial classification can be made, and a system for converting this into power. In a static UPS, energy is stored in an electrochemical form in either special storage batteries or in kinetic form, using flywheels, and reconverted into the desired form using static electronic converters. In dynamic UPS systems, energy storage is exclusively in kinetic form, and uses a rotary generator for reconversion.

3.2. Types
The standard EN 62040-3 was developed in response to the need to classify the various types of static UPS systems currently available on the market. It distinguishes between three major product families, according to the internal schemes adopted: VFD - passive standby; VI - line-interactive; VFI - double conversion.

3.2.1.

Passive Standby
3.2-1

Utilities are normally powered by the mains supply. At the same time, the mains power supply also supplies the battery charger, which maintains the storage batteries at the maximum load level. In the event of power loss, a solid-state or electromechanical commutator transfers the load to the inverter, which now activates, supported by the batteries. This mode of functioning continues until ordinary mains power conditions are restored or until the stored energy is exhausted. The merits of this solution are essentially in its simple design, which helps to contain the cost of the equipment. Being the least expensive option, this type of UPS offers extremely limited performance, e.g: no decoupling between the upstream distribution system and the load; switching times of approximately 10 milliseconds, which are not always compatible with the loads needs; no system for regulating the output frequency; Because of these disadvantages, UPS systems in this category are now used only for loads with low power ratings, typically up to 2kVA.

Operation of passive standby UPS

UPS passivo di riserva Passive standby UPS


AC input Ingresso c.a.

Battery charger

Raddrizzatore carica batteria

Batteria Battery Invertitore Inverter Commutatore UPS UPS switch Uscita c.a. AC output Funzionamento normale Normal mode Funzionamento da batteria Battery mode

TBK000009

21

OVERVIEW

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.2.2.

Line-Interactive
3.2-2

This configuration is characterised by the presence of a reversible AC/DC converter which can function both as an inverter and as a battery charger. In ordinary conditions, the load is supplied by the mains power supply through a solid-state breaker, which allows isolation of the system when the inverter is activated, preventing power from being fed back to the mains power supply. The voltage supplied to the load is conditioned by an AVR autotransformer (Automatic Voltage Regulator). In contrast to a passive-standby system, a line-interactive UPS system operates when mains power is available. Owing to its position in parallel with the ordinary power supply line, it guarantees a certain improvement in voltage quality, although this is limited to aspects such as magnitude fluctuations. If the mains power is lost, the solid-state breaker is opened automatically, and the load is powered exclusively by the battery - inverter unit, until ordinary conditions are restored or until the storage batteries are exhausted. Compared to passive-standby systems, line-interactive UPS provide better waveform conditioning, but with some drawbacks: no decoupling between the upstream distribution system and the load; no system for regulating the output frequency; switching times of a few milliseconds (4-5 ms).

Operation of line-interactive UPS with bypass

UPS interattivo (line interactive) Line-interactive UPS with con bypass bypass
Bypass (master or slave) Bypass (primario o di riserva) AC input Ingresso c.a. AVR Carica-batteria

Invertitore Inverter Batteria Battery

UPS switch Commutatore UPS AC outputc.a. Uscita

Funzionamento normale Normal mode Funzionamento su bypass Bypass mode


TBK000010

Funzionamento da batteria Battery mode

3.2.3.

Double conversion

Unlike the configurations considered above, double-conversion UPS systems constitute true electric generators that are completely isolated - with few exceptions - from the mains network, in which power is supplied by the mains network itself. Since the power to the load is transformed solely by the UPS inverter, without any interaction with the mains network and regardless of whether the power originates from the mains supply or the battery, it is possible to fully exploit the versatility of the static converter, which is able to manipulate the voltage supplied to the load under any condition. In fact, based on the direct current supplied from other components of the UPS such as the rectifier or battery, the inverter control system ensures an output waveform which is totally independent of the input waveform, with an undistorted frequency and amplitude. The advantages of this type of UPS system are numerous: isolation of loads from the upstream distribution network (thereby allowing for precise regulation of the output frequency) very wide input voltage tolerance instantaneous switching between mains power and battery (more a case of seamless transfer than switching) no-break transfer to bypass mode The efficiency of double conversion UPS, typically 90-96%, is less than that of a line-interactive or passive-standby system, since the current supplied by the mains power is converted twice by a rectifier and an inverter, each of which are equipped with semiconductors (diodes, SCR, IGBT), which are prone to conduction and commutation losses. Nevertheless, the advantages of maximum-quality power obtained using a double-conversion system compensate for the losses which would otherwise occur on the cables and switches as a result of harmonics or other power quality issues. It is the recommended and most widely used technology for applications with a power rating of 5 kVA or higher.

22

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.2.4.

Classication in accordance with EN 62040-3

In addition to the technology, the EN 62040-3 standard classifies UPS systems according to the output waveform and voltage drops, both in clearly defined switching conditions. Standard EN 62040-3 table D.1 - Type of UPS, additional characteristics and system requirements a) single b) multi-module c) bypass to primary power or backup power d) AC generator backup power system (if applicable) e) bypass transfer time (if applicable) f) galvanic separation between input and/or DC connection and/or output g) earthing of the input and/or DC connection and/or output h) bypass circuits for maintenance and other installation requirements, such as UPS disconnectors and connection switches i) compatibility with the existing power system (for example according to IEC 60364-4) j) remote shutdown or emergency power-off (EPO) device

3.3. Double conversion UPS functional modules


3.3.1. Rectier
3.3-1

When mains power is available, the rectifier converts alternating voltage into direct voltage (AC/DC converter) to power the DC bus. Different types of rectifier are available according to the electronic components used, the topology and the control system. The quality of the rectifier is determined by three parameters, namely: conversion efficiency; input frequency and voltage tolerances; input power factor generation of harmonics to the mains. The most widespread types of rectifier and the typical harmonic content of three-phase current absorbed by the mains are: 6-pulse SCR: 32% 12-pulse SCR: 12% Boost: 27% Inverter: 4% From the DC side, the battery charger is unable to supply perfect direct voltage due to residual ripple which causes premature ageing of the batteries.

Operation of double-conversion UPS

UPS a doppia conversione double-conversion UPS with con Bypass bypass


AC input (1) c.a. (*) Ingresso AC/DC converter (3) Convertitore

c.a. c.c. (***)


Battery charger Carica-batteria

Collegamento DC connection (**

c.c.

Battery Batteria

Invertitore Inverter (primario o di riserva) UPS switch Commutatore UPS Uscita AC outputc.a.
Normal mode Funzionamento Battery mode Funzionamento Bypass (master or slave) Bypass

normale da batteria Bypass mode Funzionamento su bypass


(*) I morsetti dell'ingresso c.a. possono essere combinati (**) Diodo di bloccaggio, tiristore o interruttore (***) convertitore pu (1) AC Il input can be combined.
(2) Blocking diode or switch. and DC/DC converter.

23

TBK000011

essere un raddrizzatore, oppure un raddrizzatore a controllo di fase oppure una combinazione raddrizzatore-convertitore c.c. c.c. (3) The converter could be a rectifier, a phase shift rectifier or a mix of rectifier

OVERVIEW

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.3.2.

DC bus

The DC bus is the part of the UPS power circuit in DC voltage. A high-quality automatic bypass typically has a wide range of tolerable DC voltages: it therefore provides greater flexibility in the number of batteries based on the required back-up time.

3.3.3.

Battery charger

The battery charger is the DC/DC converter which decouples the battery voltage from the DC bus voltage. The advantage of this is twofold: the battery voltage is independent of the DC bus voltage; elimination of output ripple from the rectifier

3.3.4.

Inverter

Converts direct current from the rectifier into sinewave current of perfectly stable magnitude and frequency. The inverter is therefore a DC/AC converter. The quality of the rectifier is determined by three parameters, namely: conversion efficiency; ability to supply leading power factor loads; ability to withstand overloads and short-circuits; quality of the voltage waveform in the presence of distorting loads.

3.3.5.

Transformers

The transformer is not an obligatory component and is the source of an informal classification which divides UPS systems into "trafoless" (transformer-less) and "trafo" systems It is necessary to determine whether the transformer is present as a functional component of the UPS system or whether its purpose is to manage the neutral. In UPS units with a transformer on the inverter output, the output neutral, when available, is bonded to the bypass neutral downstream of the transformer, whereas in trafoless systems, the rectifier neutral and bypass neutral are common even inside the unit. The insertion of a transformer on the static UPS line guarantees the galvanic isolation of the system and a single neutral system downstream of the UPS, in any operating condition. In any case, it it important to bear in mind that the built-in UPS transformer does not permit the neutral state to be changed. Advantages of trafo technology compared to trafoless technology: high short-circuit capacity, therefore greater flexibility in the choice of protection devices; no DC components in the output voltage. Disadvantages of trafo technology compared to trafoless technology: higher weight; larger footprint. In any case, technical and economic factors should be considered on a case-by-case basis, making selection straightforward and unambiguous.

3.3.6.

Automatic bypass

Switches the UPS output to the auxiliary network in the event of an overload or fault in the inverter module. The network bypass circuit is formed by a SCR module and directly connects the network with the load. The quality of the automatic bypass is mainly determined by its ability to withstand overloads and short-circuits. In the case of separate input power supplies, it's common to use a bypass input or back-up input (to distinguish it from the rectifier input), an input which is dedicated exclusively to the bypass with the aim of minimising the probability of the rectifier supply and bypass supply failing at the same time. The bypass supply can be a different power line to that of the inverter input or generator. If there is no separation of the power supplies, this is referred to as a common input.

24

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.3.7.

Maintenance bypass

The manual or maintenance bypass module is not necessary for operation of the UPS and therefore it is not always supplied in the standard configuration. The aim of this module is to enable routine or non-routine maintenance to be carried out without interrupting the power supply.

3.3.8.

Storage systems

The storage system is the power source which supplies the inverter during a mains power outage, preventing power interruptions to the connected applications.

Batteries.
Batteries are the most common means of storing energy. They are electrochemical devices and are therefore sensitive to operating conditions: temperature, charge and discharge cycles. The most commonly used batteries for this purpose are sealed, lead-acid maintenance-free batteries, open-vented or nickel-cadmium. Battery performance is expressed in terms of design life and the type of discharge permitted. Excellent performance is provided by long-life batteries (10-12 years) with high-rate discharge. Battery life is theoretical. In practice, it depends on the charge/discharge cycles and the temperature of the place of installation. To illustrate how temperature affects battery life, EUROBAT (Association of European Storage Battery Manufacturers) states that the expected service life is halved for every 10C above 25C. This means that batteries with a "10-12 year" design life which are installed in places within an ambient temperature of 35C or 45C will last no longer than 5-6 years and 2.5-3 years respectively. The place where the batteries are installed must be equipped with adequate ventilation and air conditioning to guarantee the correct operation of the batteries and the safety of the installation. To this effect the following formula can be applied in accordance with Standard EN 50272, which aims to keep the concentration of hydrogen in the room below the threshold of 4%vol.

Q= v q s n Igas Crt 10 -3 [m3/h]


where: Q = ventilation air flow in m3/h v = necessary hydrogen dilution factor q = 0.42 x 10-3m3/Ah hydrogen generation s = 5, general safety factor n = number of battery cells Igas = current producing gas expressed in mA/Ah of assigned capacity, for float charging current or for boost charging current Crt = C10 capacity for lead-acid cells (Ah), Uf = 1.80 V/cell at 20C or C5 for nickel-cadmium cells (Ah), Uf = 1.00 V/cell at 20C. By combining the constants the formula is simplified to:

Q = 0.05 n Igas Crt v 10 -3 [m3/h]


Unless otherwise specified by the battery manufacturer: Igas During float charge During boost charge Open cells of lead-acid batteries 5 20 VRLA cells of lead-acid batteries 1 8 Open cells of nickel-cadmium batteries 5 50

25

OVERVIEW

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

Flywheels.
The flywheel is a system whereby energy is accumulated and stored in mechanical form. It can be as a replacement or supplement for a bank of conventional chemical batteries. Connected to the DC bus of UPS units, the flywheel delivers power and energy to the UPS when mains input power sags or is interrupted. Two types of flywheel are commercially available: low-speed and high-speed. Low speed Flywheel Speed Weight Footprint Storable energy Charging Maintenance 8000 rpm 1000 kg approx High 1-2 MW for 10-15 seconds Minutes Frequent High speed Flywheel > 30000 rpm 200 kg approx Minimal 1 MW for 10-15 seconds Minutes Minimal

High-speed flywheels store kinetic energy in an ultra-fast, carbon/glass fibre composite rotor which rotates in a vacuum (integrated internal vacuum system). Due to an active magnetic levitation system that reduces friction, maintenance requirements are minimal and there are no mechanical bearings to replace. Like a chemical battery bank, it receives recharge and float power from the DC bus and returns power whenever the DC bus voltage drops below a programmable threshold level. The flywheel can eliminate the need for batteries by ensuring uninterrupted power

Protection against power micro-interruptions.


Flywheel and batteries can also be used simultaneously in UPS units, with the advantage of increased battery life. This is possible because the flywheel, in parallel with the batteries, ensures protection during brief interruptions, therefore preserving the capacity of the batteries for longer outages and improving their lifecycle. The service life of flywheels is over four times longer than batteries. They are also stable, reliable and require minimal maintenance. Furthermore, unlike batteries, they are not subject to significant fluctuations in the cost of lead.

Control.
The brain of the UPS is its control system. The best architectures are based on digital signal processing (DSP) microprocessors which are able to perform complex calculations and algorithms. Architectures enable the machine to respond to different events and to report states and events via communication interfaces.

3.4. Backfeed protection


Backfeed protection prevents voltage from returning to the mains power supply. This issue is governed by standard EN 62040-1-1. Backfeed protection is mandatory in fixed and mobile installations. In the case of fixed installations, the backfeed protection can be external to the UPS unit when indicated by a suitable warning label.

26

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.5. UPS sizing


Choosing the power rating of a UPS unit is a process which involves taking into account various elements, both functional and regulatory. The main elements to be considered may include: two of the following parameters regarding the loads to be supplied: - Active Power (PRL); - Apparent Power (SRL); - Power Factor (PF). type of load power supply (voltage, frequency, number of phases); load coincidence factor; required back-up time; type of mains power supply (voltage, frequency, number of phases). In the event of a particular load, which for example requires a high inrush current, this current value must be taken into account. Once the following parameters are known: UPS - maximum current of the UPS; tUPS - the time for which UPS is sustainable; L - overload current required by the load; SL - apparent power of the load the apparent power rating, in case of load crest factor 3:1, is

SUPS = SL

L UPS

If the load is also strongly non-linear, as is the case with electronic equipment for example, and if the crest factor is higher than that tolerated by the UPS, it is advisable to consider a derating factor.

3.6. Temperature control in the place of installation


Normally, uninterruptible power systems can function at nominal powers for ambient temperatures up to 40 C, heating the environment in which they are installed due to electrical losses dissipated in the form of heat. These losses cause the natural temperature to increase (T) and are normally indicated by UPS manufacturers. The temperature of a room, which is 25 C with the UPS switched off, may increase by up to 15 C before it is necessary to derate the equipment. Room ventilation or air conditioning may enable these limits to be respected. For ventilation, the following empirical formula is provided:

Q m3 h
where: Q = Air flow rate P = Power dissipated in the enclosure

0,288 T W 0,248 T K

P kcal h

P W

T = Difference between maximum air temperature permitted in the enclosure and the maximum temperature of air used for cooling In terms of temperature difference, degrees Kelvin (K) and Centigrade (C) are equal (this does not apply to absolute values). For ventilation, see also the paragraph "Batteries" regarding safety in the battery room. Meanwhile as regards air conditioning, you are recommended to contact the equipment supplier with the characteristics of the place of installation and the electrical losses of the UPS. It is advisable to consider the worst-case operating conditions: typically at midday in summer.

27

OVERVIEW

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.7. Central power supply systems (CPSS)


Central power supply systems (CPSS) provide a centralised, independent energy supply to essential safety equipment such as emergency escape lighting, electrical circuits of automatic fire extinguishing systems, paging systems and signalling safety installations, smoke extraction equipment and carbon monoxide warning systems for specific buildings (e.g. in high-risk areas). An uninterruptible power supply, when used to power essential safety systems such as those listed above, must comply not only with the requirements of the EN 62040 series of product standards, but also with the additional requirements of system standard EN 50171. The main additional characteristics which the system must have can be summarised as follows: the enclosures must be resistant to specific thermal stresses (glow wire tests) the input voltage must be in conformity with HD472 S1, with frequency within 2% of the nominal value specifically the batteries must be: - protected against total discharge - long-life batteries - protected against polarity inversion of the connection cables - quick charging In order for the power supply system to be effective, suitable precautions must be taken with respect to all of its component parts (protection devices, lines, etc.). Note that other national requirements may exist in addition to those specified here.

3.8. Generator sizing


When the power source of the uninterruptible power supply includes a generator, in determining the latter it is necessary to take into account the voltage drop in the series impedance of the generator set due to harmonic variations. The most suitable parameter for this calculation is the subtransitory reactance of the alternator, calculated for each frequency involved. The subtransitory reactance value is provided in the generator set data sheets and is normally indicated with X"d.

X dIi 2
V% =
i 2 In

The criteria is to choose the generator set which, given the current harmonics of the UPS, has a harmonic voltage drop, and therefore distortion, within the tolerance limit permitted by the line.

28

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.9. Protection devices


3.9.1. Denitions

Total selectivity: is guaranteed for all types of fault (overload, short-circuit, earth fault) and for all overcurrent values, between the trip threshold of the upstream device and the prospective short-circuit current at the point where the downstream device is installed. Partial selectivity: is guaranteed up to a certain overcurrent limit Is (selectivity limit current).

3.9.2.

Selecting and co-ordinating devices to protect against overloads and short-circuits

Overload selectivity: for breaker trip times from several hours to several seconds (overcurrents up to 6-8 times the nominal current), the co-ordination curves (breaker time-current curves) must never overlap. In the event of overload, the UPS continues normal operation by switching to the bypass when the thermal limits of the inverter are reached. Consequently, this transfer must be taken into account during co-ordination of the various protection devices. The UPS data sheets normally indicate the overload currents "per unit" or "as a percentage" and the corresponding tolerance time. Short-circuit selectivity: short-circuit currents can be very high, so the protection devices must be tripped within a few milliseconds to prevent burn-out of the cables. The time-current curves used as criteria for selecting overload protection are not valid when considering short-circuit protection, on account of the short trip times. In this case, the breakers must be sized based on the Joule integral curves of the devices. In practice, for a given prospective short-circuit current value, the minimum l2t let-through of the upstream device must be greater than the maximum l2t let-though of the downstream device. 3.9-1
MCB1 MCB2

3.9-2

X2

X4

I2 tMCB 2

F1 F2

I2t
G1*

I2 tSCR = 245000 A2 s I2 tMCB 2 A2 s I2 tMCB 3

K1 F3

E.S.D. X3

I2 tUPS = 7670 A2 s
PE MCB3

I2 tMCB 3 A2 s

Icc inv = 277A


TBK000012

Icc line = 3000A


TBK000013

In the case of short-circuit of one of the loads connected downstream of the UPS, two cases must be distinguished: The bypass (back-up supply) upstream of the UPS is available. For an output short-circuit, the UPS will transfer the load onto the bypass after a delay dependent on the individual model. The thermal-magnetic breakers of the bypass (MCB2) and output which protect the short-circuited load line (MCB3) are positioned in series (short-circuit marked in the diagram by means of the dashed line). For proper co-ordination, the output switch (MCB3) must open before the main input switch (MCB2). Then, the I2t let-through of MCB3 must be lower than the let-through of MCB2 (at the prospective short-circuit current value): I2tMCB3<I2tMCB2. Furthermore, it is necessary to verify the selectivity between the bypass input thermal-magnetic switch and the maximum power tolerated by the bypass SCRs (in the example 245000 A2s) at the prospective short-circuit (line) current (in the example 3000 A), e.g. I2tSCR>I2tMCB2.

29

OVERVIEW

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

In this case, the line impedance for estimating the short-circuit is that which takes into account the routing of power via the bypass. In the case of a back-up supply provided by a generator set, it is the short-circuit current of the generator set that must be used to correctly co-ordinate the protection devices. The bypass (back-up supply) upstream of the UPS is unavailable. Since the load cannot be transferred to the bypass (which is unavailable), the short-circuit energy is supplied entirely by the inverter and batteries. The downstream protection devices must be triggered before the electronic activation of the UPS protection in order to prevent healthy loads being switched off. The example (in the figure the short-circuit is represented by the dotted line), considers the three-phase short-circuit current from a 277 A battery for a maximum time of 100ms . The output short-circuit energy supplied by the UPS is: I 2tUPS = (277 A)2 x 0.1 s = 7672 A2s At the short-circuit current value, in this case is not prospective but actual and coinciding with the short-circuit current value of the UPS, for correct selectivity it must be verified that I2tMCB3 < I2tUPS. This second case (short-circuit without upstream supply) is nevertheless highly unlikely. In fact the absence of the upstream supply presupposes that a fault has occurred, and it is unlikely that a second fault (output short-circuit) would occur during the period of the power outage, which is usually short. In general, this period coincides with the time that the battery is supplying power (if the rectifier and the bypass do not have separate power supplies) or with the MTTR of the fault by an operator (if the UPS rectifier and the bypass have two different power supplies, as in this example). In the case of short-circuit without bypass supply, the current will be distorted to a square waveform.

3.9.3.

Selecting and sizing differential breakers

There is no hard and fast rule since the behaviour of the mains supply to faults essentially depends on the neutral system used, the UPS filters (which divert certain harmonic components to earth) and the point of the fault. Note. The presence of isolation transformers can change the neutral system upstream or downstream of the UPS. Generally speaking it is advisable to use: a single differential in the case of parallel UPS; type A differentials for single-phase in, single-phase out UPS; type B differentials for three-phase in, single-phase out UPS and three-phase in, three-phase out UPS.

3.9.4.

Overvoltage protection devices

In conformity with IEC requirements, UPS systems are equipped with overvoltage protection. Unless otherwise required, the most common protection devices are Class 2. Usually, when the units are installed on the customer's premises, it is not necessary to increase the overvoltage protection class of the device. Nevertheless, if the units are installed in a transformer cabinet, the overvoltage protection class of the connection must be analysed and, if necessary, increased by installing additional protection devices.

3.10. Maintenance
In order to maximise uptime, it is advisable to perform periodic maintenance on components subject to wear: Capacitors; Fans; Batteries: It is important that the maintenance is performed by expert personnel authorised by the UPS manufacturer.

30

3. STATIC UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEMS

3.11. Directives and Standards


3.11.1. Directives

Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive 2004/108/EC.

3.11.2.

Safety Standards

EN 62040-1-1 "Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Part 1-1: General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas" EN 62040-1-2 "Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Part 1-2: General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations".

3.11.3.

Electromagnetic Compatibility Standards

EN 62040-2 "Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements"

3.11.4.

Performance

EN 62040-3 "Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements".

3.11.5.

Other standards

IEC 60364-X-X "Electrical installations in buildings"; IEC 60439-1 "Low-voltage switches"; IEC 60529 "Degrees of protection provided by enclosures" EN 50272-2 "Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 2: Stationary batteries".

31

OVERVIEW

4. STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS)


4.1. Denition
Static Transfer Systems (STS) are intelligent units which, in the event that the primary power source does not return the tolerance values permitted by the load, transfer the load to an alternative sourcealternate source). This ensures "high availability" of the power supply for sensitive or critical installations. The purpose of STS devices is to: ensure the redundancy of the power supply to critical installations by means of two independent power sources; increase power supply reliability for sensitive installations; facilitate the design and expansion of installations that guarantee a high-availability power supply. STS systems incorporate reliable and proven solid-state switching technologies (SCR), enabling them to perform fast, totally safe automatic or manual switching without interrupting power to the supplied systems. The use of high-quality components, fault-tolerant architecture, the ability to determine the location of the fault, management of faults and loads with high inrush currents: these are just some of the characteristics that make STS systems the ideal solution for achieving maximum power availability.

4.2. Performance (IEC 62310-3 denition)


Standard IEC 62310-3 establishes a code that clearly defines the performance of a STS: XX where: XX characterises the management of the fault current: - which can be CB (STS is capable of withstanding specific short-circuit currents, which incorporates overvoltage protection devices) - PC (STS capable of withstanding specific short-circuit currents, which does not incorporate overvoltage protection devices). YY refers to the neutral management characteristics: - 00: no neutral management; - NC: both input neutrals are combined; - NS: separation of the two input neutrals by switching; - NI: neutral separation by isolation transformer (typically external to the machine). B are the transfer characteristics: - B: break-before-make (open transition transfer), there is no conduction path between the two sources during switching; - M: make-before-break (closed transition transfer), conduction possible between the two sources during switching. TS characteristics of the voltage limits permitted by the critical load: - T: total transient time to the terminals of the load, including switching time; - S: voltage tolerance before the transfer process is activated. YY B TS

4.3. STS usage examples


Comparison between availability estimates between two architectures respectively with and without STS. It is advisable to install the STS device as close as possible to the load, so as to ensure redundancy of the upstream distribution and to keep the single fault point (the conductor between STS and load) as short as possible.

32

4. STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS)

4.3-1

N+1 without STS

UPS

Cable BAR

LOAD Cable LOAD

UPS

Cable

Estimated availability: 0.99749 (22 hours of downtime). 4.3-2

2N with STS
UPS CAVO Cable CAVO Cable

STS

LOAD CARICO

STS

LOAD CARICO

UPS

CAVO Cable

CAVO Cable

4.4. Functional modules


The aim of the STS is to increase the overall system availability. To achieve this it must be fault-tolerant: the load must be supplied even in the event of an internal fault. 4.4-1

4.4.1.

SCR modules
1 1

Silicon-controlled rectifiers are solid-state switches which control the flow of current to the load. The SCR is only able to interrupt the current as it passes through zero. In a sinusoidal steady-state, this implies switching times of between 0ms and a semi-period.

C1

4.4.2.

Power supply module


TBK000016

Module which draws power from the primary or alternative source, or from both sources, to supply all of the control electronics. It could be redundant allowing an higher fault tollerance.

4.4.3.

Control

Control logic: the brain of the STS is a microcontroller where all of the decision-making logic is located. SCR control modules: components which translate the control signal received by the logic into commands to the SCR. It could be redundant allowing an higher fault tollerance.

33

TBK000015

Estimated availability: 0.99991 (0.8 hours of downtime). The double cable upstream of the STS serves to cover the same physical distance as the previous case (UPS and STS installed near to the load).

TBK000014

OVERVIEW

4. STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS)

4.4.4.

Maintenance bypass

Normally built into the STS, the aim of the bypass is to enable routine and non-routine maintenance to be carried out. When the bypass is in operation, switching is not possible in case the conducting source exceeds the tolerance limits permitted by the load. The STS device must be designed and operate so the two sources cannot be directly connected, not even in the event of human error.

4.5. Backfeed protection


Product standard IEC 62310 establishes a minimum requirement that the STS must control upstream breakers that trip to prevent power flowing from one source to the other.

4.6. Selecting a STS


The STS must be sized on the basis of the system diagram, the currents of the loads supplied by the STS, the distribution network and the power dips admitted by the load. With regard to the power failure tolerance of loads, the Information Technology Industry Council has published a guideline curve which helps users to determine the power supply conditions which can be tolerated by IT loads. Firstly, it is necessary to identify the rating characteristics of the electrical system and the neutral: Voltage and frequency; Single or three-phase; With or without distributed neutral; Neutral condition (TN-C, TN-S, IT, TT); Sources (line/line, UPS/generator, UPS/UPS, etc). Next it is necessary to determine whether the neutral must be switched (broken). In this respect, Socomec UPS offers the following advice: TN-C: no switching (regulatory requirement); TN-S: switching (requirement if sources provided with differential protection); IT: switching. TT: switching. 4.6-1
ITI (CBEMA) Curve (Revised 2000)
500

400

Percent of Nominal Voltage (RMS or Peak Equivalent)

300

Prohibiten Region
Voltage Tolerance Envelope Applicable to Single-Phase 120-Volt Equipment
200

140 120 100 80 70 40 110

No Interruption In Function Region

90

No Damage Region

0 1us

0,001 c

0,01 c 1 ms 3 ms

1c 20 ms

10 c

100 c 0,5 s

10 s

Stadly State
TBK000017

Duration in Cycles (c) and Seconds (s)

It is then necessary to determine the total current that must pass through the STS device as the sum of the nominal currents of the various downstream loads. It is also important to verify the installation of loads such as transformers or electric motors downstream of the STS, in order to prevent nuisance trips due to high inrush currents when switching between sources, or residual downstream voltage which impairs power failure detection. If such loads are installed, this must be taken into account during selection and configuration of the STS.

34

4. STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS)

4.7. Protection devices


4.7.1. Selecting and coordinating thermal-magnetic breakers
4.7-1

In order to select the right overload or short-circuit protection devices, it is important to consider the STS system's behaviour in the event of overloads. Normally, the conducting branch of the STS withstands the overload/short-circuit for a time depending on the intensity of the currents, before the STS switches to the other branch. If the two networks have different impedances or short-circuit capacities, these must be taken into account. If the values are insufficient to trigger the breakers within the time limit permitted by the STS, the STS will interrupt the power supply upstream, resulting in all downstream loads being switched off.

Source 1 1 sorgente

sorgente Source 22

PEN 1

STATYS

PEN 2

PEN Conduttore di neutro Neutral conductor protetto protected

Carico Load
TBK000018

4.7.2.

Selecting and sizing differential breakers

When present, the neutral between the two sources can be combined and switched or otherwise (see paragraph Choosing an STS). In the case of a TN-C system, the neutral acts as an earth conductor and therefore cannot be broken. In the case of a TN-S system, the installation depends on what type of downstream STS has been selected. If the device does not switch the neutral, any neutral currents could be divided between the two parallel networks by means of the earth connection in the cabinet. The installation of differential breakers is not recommended due to the high probability of them tripping. By contrast, if the STS device switches the neutral, this will avoid any unexpected current between both sources and earthing. Differential protection may be installed. Each IT systems has his own IMD (Insulation Measurement Device). Therefore every neutral has to be switched to avoid any mutual disturbances between the IMDs. TT systems are typically used in residential or civil applications. This implies the use of differential protection and therefore a STS system which switches the neutral.

4.8. Maintenance
In order to maximise uptime, it is advisable to perform periodic maintenance on the fans (since they are components subject to wear). It is important that maintenance is performed by expert personnel authorised by the STS system manufacturer.

4.9. Directives and Standards


EEC 73/23 "Low-Voltage Directive" EEC 89/336 "Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive" IEC 62310-1 "Static Transfer Systems: general and safety requirements" IEC 62310-2 "Static Transfer Systems: electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements" IEC 62310-3 "Static Transfer Systems: Method for specifying performance and test requirements" IEC 60364-4 "Electrical installations of buildings" IEC 60950-1 "Safety of IT. equipment" IEC 60529 "Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP)" IEC 60439-1 "Low-voltage switchgear and control gear assemblies"

35

OVERVIEW

5. DC POWER STATIONS
5.1. Denition
Direct Current (DC) power stations are uninterruptible power systems for DC loads. Their purpose is to supply the apparatus and batteries in parallel to the load so as to prevent power interruptions in the event of a mains failure.

5.2. Functional modules


The most modern power stations on the market consist of 4 modules: AC/DC converter; High-frequency DC/DC converter; Energy storage system; Control.
DC/DC converterDC/DC Convertitore AC/DC converterAC/DC Convertitore

5.2-1
AC input Ingresso AC

Battery Batteria

DC output Uscita DC

5.2.1.

AC/DC converter

Device which converts the voltage applied to its input from alternating to direct current. It uses a switching frequency in the kHz-range. It also employs input power factor correction (PFC) and reduces the harmonic content of the input current.

5.2.2.

DC/DC converter

The second conversion phase is performed by a high-frequency DC/DC switching converter; this is a bridge inverter functioning in soft-switching mode with phase control.

5.2.3.

Energy storage system

Energy is normally stored by means of VRLA batteries. Refer to the "Batteries" paragraph in the UPS section.

5.2.4.

Control

The brain of a Power Station is its control system. The best architectures are based on digital microcontrollers which are able to perform complex calculations and algorithms. Architectures enable the machine to respond to different events and to report states and events via communication interfaces. Modern technologies prevent faults in the control system from impairing the operation of power components which guarantee the continuity of the power supply.

36

TBK000019

5. DC POWER STATIONS

5.3. Power station sizing


Choosing the power rating of a station is a process which involves taking into account various factors, both functional and regulatory. The main factors to be considered are: power rating of the load (PRL); supply voltage of the load; load coincidence factor; required back-up time; type of mains power supply (voltage, frequency, number of phases); maximum acceptable time to charge batteries fully. In the case of a particular load which for example requires a high inrush current, this current value must be taken into account. Another parameter to bear in mind is the configuration of the output polarities of the loads, which may be: isolated from ground; positive pole to earth; negative pole to earth.

5.4. Temperature of the place of installation


Commercially available power stations are suitable for operating in ambient temperature of 40C without the need for derating. Refer to the corresponding paragraph in the UPS section.

5.5. Protection devices


5.5.1. Selecting and co-ordinating devices to protect against overloads and short-circuits

Input: to ensure wide input voltage tolerance, protection devices installed upstream of the power station must be selected for the maximum current draw of the station. Normally the power station manufacturer provides information about compatible types and ratings. Downstream: normally, the batteries are protected by the manufacturer using fast-blow fuses. It is vital to ensure that there is co-ordination between the thermal-magnetic breakers of the downstream loads and the fuse in question; this is why manufacturers indicate the ratings of fuses used in their equipment.

5.5.2.

Selecting and sizing differential breakers

EPO: on request, an Emergency Power Off (EPO) button may be included so the batteries can be disconnected from the load by means of a remote control switch.

5.5.3.

Low Voltage Disconnect (LVD)

When installed, Low Voltage Disconnect prevents deep discharge of the batteries when the equipment is running in battery mode. The optional LVD function includes a remote control switch which opens the battery circuit when the minimum voltage is detected. As soon as normal mode is restored, the remote control switch closes and the battery starts recharging.

5.5.4.

Overvoltage protection devices

In conformity with IEC regulations, power stations are equipped with overvoltage protection. Unless otherwise required, the most common protection devices are Class 2. Usually, when the units are installed on the customer's premises, it is not necessary to

37

OVERVIEW

5. DC POWER STATIONS

increase the overvoltage protection class of the device. Nevertheless, if the units are installed in a transformer cabinet, the overvoltage protection class of the connection must be analysed and, if necessary, increased by installing additional protection devices.

5.5.5.

Earth Leakage Control (ELC)

The earth leakage control device continuously monitors the isolation of the output line from the earth conductor. This option is suitable for isolated polarity configurations in which both output power cables are isolated from the earth conductor. ELC may be deemed mandatory depending on the installation standards applicable to the system.

5.6. Maintenance
In order to maximise uptime, it is advisable to perform periodic maintenance on the fans and batteries. It is important that maintenance is performed by expert personnel authorised by the power station manufacturer.

5.7. Directives and Standards


5.7.1. Directives

Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive 2004/108/EC

5.7.2.

Safety Standards

EN 61204-7 "Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Part 7: Safety requirements"; EN 60950 "Safety of information technology equipment"

5.7.3.

Electromagnetic Compatibility Standards

EN 61204-3 "Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Part 3: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)" EN 61000-3-3 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-3: Limits - Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current <= 16 A per phase and not subject to conditional connection" EN 61000-6-2 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments" EN 61000-6-4 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-4: Generic standards - Emission standard for industrial environments"

5.7.4.

Performance

EN 61204 "Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Performance characteristics and safety requirements"

5.7.5.

Other standards

IEC 60364-X-X "Electrical installations in buildings"; IEC 60439-1 "Low-voltage switches"; IEC 60529 "Degrees of protection provided by enclosures"; EN 50272-2 "Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 2: Stationary batteries"

38

6. COMMUNICATION
6.1. Protocols
6.1.1. Monitoring OVERVIEW
39

SMTP: communication protocol for email transmission, supported by all email clients; SNMP: protocol used to monitor networked devices; requires compatible software; HID: Human Interface Device, a Microsoft protocol included in Windows operating systems; MODBUS: the most commonly available communications protocol for connecting industrial electronic devices; JBUS: reduced version of MODBUS PROFIBUS: protocol for industrial and process automation, used by Siemens; DEVICENET: protocol for industrial and process automation, used by Rockwell Automation.

6.1.2.

Control

TCP/IP: a suite of internet control protocols used to transmit information over the internet; http: information format used by web browsers

6.2. Physical supports


Physical infrastructures which convey information using communication protocols. USB: serial communication standard which enables various peripherals to be connected to a computer; Ethernet: interface for local area networks (LAN); RS 232: low-speed serial interface for data exchange between digital devices, suitable for distances of up to 10m; RS 485: low-speed serial interface for data exchange between digital devices, suitable for distances of up to 100m; Dry contacts. interface with contacts which have no electrical potential and which can be NO (normally open) or NC (normally closed).

6.3. Remote services


UPS and STS systems must be able to remotely communicate their operating statuses, electrical / environmental parameters and fault alarms. Furthermore, certain commands should be possible for remote control of the equipment (e.g. the possibility of remote switch-off). Some remote monitoring services operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, enabling equipment to be installed in places where human supervision is limited (to working hours) or absent. The rapid notification of abnormal events allows for prompt intervention by the technical support service, resulting in reduced risk and MTTR.

7. TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP (TCO)


7.1. Denition
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) includes all of the direct and indirect costs over the lifetime of the equipment. It defines: CAPEX: cost of the equipment, its installation, system modifications if required and operator training; OPEX: costs of running the equipment, e.g. power consumption, cost of installation space (for example, the share of building rent proportional to the area occupied by the equipment), as well as routine and non-routine maintenance.

7.2. Impact of UPS or STS systems on the TCO


7.2.1. THDi and cos input

Valid only for UPS. High harmonic content of the input current and low cos imply the use of harmonic filters, overrating of cables and protection devices as well as the risk of nuisance trips. In economic terms, this means higher project, system and installation costs and higher costs due to system downtime. Optimum situation: low harmonic content and high cos .

7.2.2.

Footprint

The floor space occupied by the equipment. Can be net or gross, plan dimensions of the equipment and plan dimensions plus space required for operation and maintenance respectively. UPS and STS systems do not generate value, but their purpose is to protect equipment which does generate value (servers, industrial processes). Therefore the space occupied is not available to the actual production process itself. In the case of data centres, it is the space where it is not possible to install the servers. Optimum situation: minimal footprint.

7.2.3.

Performance

Efficiency refers to the proportion of input energy available to the load. Indirectly it is the measurement of losses, e.g. energy paid for but not used. Given that fossil fuels can be used to produce electrical energy (releasing gases that cause the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere), energy losses also entail unnecessary gas emissions and their corresponding impact on the environment. Optimum situation: high efficiency.

7.2.4.

Front access and ventilation

An equipment unit with front access notably simplifies routine and non-routine maintenance operations, leading to a considerable reduction in repair times (MTTR) compared to equipment which must be moved in order to gain access to the sides or rear. Furthermore, equipment with front access only, incorporating a front air inlet and top air outlet, allows for wall-mounted installation and therefore a reduced gross footprint.

7.2.5.

Ease of use

In its popular publication Tier Classifications define site infrastructure performance, the Uptime Institute states that 70% of downtime is caused by human error (mistakes in checking and routine maintenance). Equipment which is easy to use reduces these risks, lowers downtime costs and requires shorter, less intensive training for operators.

7.2.6.

Communication systems

Remote monitoring and control enable time and human resources to be streamlined while reducing maintenance and repair times in the event of abnormal situations. For this reason, the equipment must be capable of being integrated into Building Management Systems (BMS).

40

8. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY
8.1. RoHS and WEEE directives
The official stance of CEMEP (Comit Europen de Constructeurs de Machines Electriques et d'Electronique de Puissance European Committee of Manufacturers of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics) is that the RoHS and WEEE directives do not apply to UPS. (http://www.cemep.org/index.php?id=13).

8.2. Performance
The only reference for efficiency performance is given by the European Code of Conduct (http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/energyefficiency/ html/AC%20UPS-ParticipantsCoC.htm). Manufacturers can adhere to it on a voluntary basis by committing to the minimum efficiency requirements of the code.

41

OVERVIEW

9. DIRECT ENERGY IMPACT


The energy efficiency of an equipment unit is defined as:

Pout Pin
where: Pin is the input power Pout is the output power, which in the case of the UPS coincides with the Pn (nominal power). Using simple calculations we can determine heat loss (Perd) as follows:

Perd = Pn

Approximately 0.61kg of carbon dioxide is generated per kWh of energy lost (http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/co2_ report/co2report.html#electric), with the resulting environmental consequences and an average energy cost in Europe of 0.12.

Perd 93% = 150 kW

1 0,93 0,93

24 365 = 98,9 MWh

60 tCO2 + 11800

Perd 96% = 150 kW

1 0,93 0,93

24 365 = 54,7 MWh

33 tCO2 + 6600

On a load-for-load basis, the UPS with 96% efficiency achieves an annual saving of 5200 and 27t of carbon dioxide for air conditioning alone, the same output as a car manufactured in 2005 with 170,000km on the clock. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ European_emission_standards).

42

10. IMPACT ON AIR CONDITIONING


Electrical losses are dispersed, in the form of heat, into the environment. In applications where the temperature must be controlled and the heat capacity of the environment is insufficient, measures must be taken to cool the environment. There are different ways of doing this: from simple ventilation, e.g. the movement of air masses of the desired temperature which are already available in the vicinity of the installation, to air conditioning, e.g. the cooling and circulation of air masses. There are also technologies based on the use of water as a heat transfer fluid, but this is less common. Air conditioning is the most frequently used technology. The parameter which measures the electrical energy needed to release energy in the form of heat is Coefficient of Performance (COP). When talking about electricity, we normally refer to power instead of energy, consequently the definition of COP. becomes:

C.O.P. =
where: Pt: the thermal power to be released; Pe is the electric power needed to do it.

Pt Pe

With close approximation, 3 can be considered as a typical COP value. This means that for every 3kW of thermal power dissipated, 1 electrical kW is needed. This means that the efficiency rating of plant equipment is only partly able to quantify heat dissipation, since it does not take into account the energy needed to achieve it. By way of indication, below are the annual air conditioning costs in relation to the example given in the previous paragraph (two different UPS with respective efficiency ratings of 93% and 96%, considering an average annual energy cost in Europe of 0.12 /kWh).

HVAC 93% =

98,9 MWh 3 54,7 MWh 3

= 33 MWh

20 tCO2 + 4000

HVAC 96% =

= 11 MWh

11 tCO2 + 2200

On a load-for-load basis, the UPS with 96% efficiency achieves an annual saving, for air conditioning alone, of 1800 and 9 t of carbon dioxide, the same output as a car manufactured in 2005 with 56,000km on the clock. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ European_emission_standards). Taking into account direct heat loss. the savings increase to 7200 and 36t of CO2.

Standard 200 kVA UPS emissions

72.100 CO2 kg

Green Power 200kVA UPS emissions

40.400 CO2 kg

43

OVERVIEW

MODULYS Green Power


F ro m 2 0 t o 2 4 0 k VA

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. ............................................................ Power ratings from 20 to 240 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible back-up time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horizontal and vertical parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 50 51 52

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Modulys Green Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 55 55 55 57 58 58 58 58 58 58 58

47

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

48

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
MODULYS Green Power is a modular UPS range especially designed for the new data centre infrastructure generation and mission critical applications. The range offers powers from 20 to 240 kVA to cover three/three phase electrical configurations. Models Number of modules Power (kVA) 1 20 2 40 3 60 4 80 5 100 6 120 7 140 8 160 9 180 10 200 11 220 12 240

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

MODULYS Green Power has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

49

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 20 to 240 kVA
MODULYS Green Power suits perfectly, either with unscheduled site upgrades or upgrading in successive steps, thanks to its vertical and horizontal modularity. The power of the system can be increased up to 240 kVA by adding single power modules for small, incremental steps of 20 kVA. The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms are located in the front part behind a metal door, while the communication interfaces are located in the upper rear part. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow to the rear; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

50

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Flexible back-up time


Different extended back-up times are possible by using either the modular battery cabinet or the high capacity battery cabinet, both of which occupy minimum floor space.

Vertical modularity provides scalable autonomy up to 6 battery strings per cabinet to maintain equivalent autonomy while power increases. Horizontal modularity provides very high and scalable autonomy with the high capacity battery cabinet up to 120 minutes without any additional battery charger. A standard temperature sensor optimises the battery recharging parameters according to environment temperature to extend battery life. Modular battery cabinet. Back up times in minutes (75% of load - power factor 0.8) Number of strings 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ah 9 18 27 36 45 54 20 kVA 7 18 29 46 57 71 40 kVA 7 14 19 26 32 60 kVA 7 12 16 20 80 kVA 7 11 14 100 kVA 7 10 120 kVA 7

High capacity battery cabinet. Back up times in minutes (75% of load - power factor 0.8) Number of battery cabinets 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ah 40 80 120 160 200 240 20 kVA 57 130 201 274 363 441 40 kVA 25 63 102 142 176 217 60 kVA 15 38 66 91 117 146 80 kVA 9 26 45 66 86 105 100 kVA 5 19 33 49 66 82 120 kVA 15 26 38 51 66

51

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

The modular battery system is based on vertical and horizontal modularity thanks to independent strings connected in parallel, each one of that made of 4 hot swap long life battery pack. The battery pack is sealed in an acid-proof container which is designed to prevent damage in the case of acid leakage.

FLEXIBILITY

2.3. Horizontal and vertical parallel


MODULYS Green Power offers redundant N+1 architecture based on parallelable plug-in power modules. The vertical modularity allows power scalability by simply plugging a power module into the existing modular system (up to 6 modules per system). The horizontal modularity enables maximum scalability up 240 kVA (12 modules) by coupling two modular systems.

Power module 6 VERTICAL MODULARITY System 1 from 20 to 120 kVA Power module 5 Power module 4 Power module 3 Power module 2 Power module 1

Power module 12 Power module 11 Power module 10 Power module 9 Power module 8 Power module 7 VERTICAL MODULARITY System 2 from 140 to 240 kVA

HORIZONTAL MODULARITY System 1 + System 2

52

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
MODULYS Green Power integrates network management functionality to enable supervision of the UPS by connecting it directly to the LAN.

Built-in dry contact interface for electrical remote monitoring of UPS status. Environmental Monitoring Device (option), integrated digital environmental monitoring system to oversee IT cabinets temperature, humidity and security alerts. MODBUS interface, available as an option, to communicate with BMS (Building Management System).

Serial RS 232 for modem

Uni Vision Pro and JNC

Slot for optional communication boards

Models System concentrator Serial RS 232/485

Modulys Green Power

Option

Standard

- Not available For a description of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware equipment


Input/output transformer Additional battery charger External manual bypass External battery cabinet Internal manual bypass Models

Insulation monitoring device

Separate mains

Battery charger

Power Share

Parallel kit

Modulys Green Power Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

ACS

IP20

Remote mimic panel

Built-in dry contact

Graphic display

T.Service

EMD

EPO

LAN

53

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

On board SNMP adapter allows the UPS to be monitored over networks as a peripheral. The adapter sends out traps on UPS alarms that can be monitored using a Network Management Software or via web browser. It can be used in conjunction with JNC client to perform an orderly shutdown of critical and virtual servers within the enterprise network.

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30 mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. We recommend fitting two metres of unanchored flexible cable between the UPS output terminals and the cable anchor (wall or cabinet). This makes it possible to move and service the UPS. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

54

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Modulys Green Power
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Modulys Green Power System (kVA) Number of modules Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Phase in/out Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) (2) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 620403) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V VP/N (A) Maximum air flow (m3/h) Sound level (dB) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) (1) @ 25 C (2) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation. W kcal/h BTU/h W (mm) D (mm) H (mm)
(1)

Empty 1 20 18 2 40 36 3 60 54

120 4 80 72 5 100 90 6 120 108 3/3 148/197 7 140 126 8 160 144 9

240 10 200 180 11 220 198 12 240 216

180 162

296/394

324 520 975 1695 200

174/348 174

348/696 348

444 (single power module), 2988 (120 kVA), 5976 (240 kVA) 60 66 1008 (single power module), 6048 (120 kVA), 12096 (240 kVA) 867 (single power module), 5200 (120 kVA), 10401 (240 kVA) 3439 (single power module), 20637 (120 kVA), 41273 (240 kVA) 520 975 1695 30 (single power module) 520 975 1695

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Rated mains supply voltage (V) Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency (Hz) Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up 220/380, 230/400, 240/415 (3 4W+Earth) Standard setting 230/400 -25% +20% (output load @ pf 0,9) 45 65 0.99 < 3% < In (no overcurrent)

55

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage (V) Bypass rated frequency (Hz) Bypass frequency tolerance (Hz) 0.1 Hz/s 230 (from 8% up to 15% adjustable) 50/60 selectable from 0.1 to 5 (adjustable)

Electrical characteristics -Inverter Rated output voltage (V) Output voltage tolerance (Hz) Rated output frequency (Hz) Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) 400 (3ph +N) 1% (380/418 configurable) 50/60 (selectable) 0.05% (on mains power failure) 3:1 <1% (linear load) 125% for 10 150% for 60

Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Efficiency (on-line mode) Efficiency (eco-mode) up to 96% (nominal linear load) up to 98% (nominal linear load)

Electrical characteristics -Environment Storage temperature Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour -5 +50 C (23-122 F) (15-25 C for better battery life) 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (15-25 C for better battery life) 90% max 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 EN 60068-2 RAL 7012

56

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier (1) Number of modules Phase in/out C curve circuit breaker (2) (A) GG fuse (A) 50 50 75 75 125 125 1 2 3 3/3 150 150 200 200 250 250 4 5 6

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass (1) Number of modules Phase in/out Maximum I2t supported by the bypass (A2s) Icc max (kA) D curve circuit breaker (A) gG fuse (A) 50 50 75 75 125 125 1 2 3 3/3 125000 (empty cabinet), 125000 (120 kVA), 250000 (240 kVA) 5 150 150 200 200 250 250 4 5 6

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker (4) Number of modules Phase in/out Input residual current circuit breaker (3) (A) RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output (1) (2) Number of modules Phase in/out Maximum inverter I2t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) B curve/C curve circuit breaker (5) (A) gG/aR High-speed fuse (5) (A) 640 12 / 6 5 / 12 1280 25 / 12 10 / 25 1920 40 / 20 16 / 40 1 2 3 3/3 2560 52 / 25 22 / 52 3200 65 / 32 28 / 65 3840 80 / 40 32 / 80 4 5 6 1 2 3 3/3 0.5 4 5 6

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Number of modules Phase in/out Rectifier terminals (mm2) Bypass terminals (mm2) Battery terminals (mm ) Output terminals (mm2)
2 (7)

1 35 (6) 35 (6) 35
(6)

2 35 (6) 35 (6) 35
(6)

3 3/3 35 (6) 35 (6) 35


(6)

4 50 50 50 50

5 70 70 70 70

6 95 95 95 95

35 (6)

35 (6)

35 (6)

(1) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (2) Recommended magneto thermal switch: four poles with intervention threshold 10 In (3) Use type B four-pole selective (S) circuit breakers. (4) Use selective type differentials. load leakage currents are added to those generated by the UPS and during transitory phases (power failure and power return) short current peaks may occur. If loads with high leakage current are present, adjust the differential protection. It is advisable in all cases to carry out a preliminary check on the earth current leakage with the UPS installed and operational with the definitive load, so as to prevent the sudden activation of the above switches. (5) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by "n" times for series-parallel machines, with "n" equal to the number of parallel machines. (6) Minimum section acceptable for the UPSs sockets. (7) Determined by the size of the terminals

57

MODULYS GP 20-240 kVA

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (Class C2)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas (certified by NEMKO) General and safety requirements for UPS (certified by NEMKO)

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal "N1" is connected directly to output terminal "N2" inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adhere's to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

58

MASTERYS Green Power


F ro m 1 0 t o 4 0 k VA

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. ............................................................ Power ratings from 10 to 40 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible back-up time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horizontal and vertical parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Availability, redundancy and efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 64 65 66 66

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Masterys Green Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 69 69 69 71 72 72 72 72 72 72 72

61

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

62

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
MASTERYS Green Power is a full range of high performing UPS designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in mission critical applications in the IT, telecom and industrial fields, such as enterprise servers, storage systems, networking equipment, telecommunications systems, diagnostic/medical devices and industrial processes. Models

GP GP

Green Power 3/1 Green Power 3/3

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

Each family has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

63

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

10

15

20

30

40

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 10 to 40 kVA
The entire range is compatible with 3 cabinets, all with the same footprint. The UPSs power and autonomy thus translates into the height of the cabinet itself (800 mm, 1000 mm, 1400 mm). Dimensions Cabinet type Width (W) [mm] Depth (D) [mm] Height (H) [mm]

H D S (short)

444

795

800

444

795

1000

W M (medium)

444

795

1400

W T (tall)

The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the first panel with the red surround. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

64

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Flexible back-up time


Different extended back-up times are possible by using the standard UPS cabinet or the larger sized cabinet, both of which occupy minimum floor space. For powers greater than or equal to 40 kVA, or long back-up power periods, an additional cabinet should be used, optionally with a supplementary battery charger. BACK-UP times in minutes (max @ 70% of load)

T with supplementary battery cabinet(*)

GP 10 GP 15 GP 20 GP 30 GP 40

19 12 7 -

49 28 19 12 7

112 67 50 28 19

* Supplementary battery cabinet 1000 x 800 x 1800mm (WxDxH) Selection of the back-up time is flexible thanks to the wide range of DC bus voltages. The batteries are organised internally into racks based on their relative sizes, so as to ensure a compact unit while still guaranteeing substantial back-up times. The UPS systems internal batteries consist of distinct strings of battery packs connected in series; each individual pack is connected using polarised connectors to facilitate battery configuration and maintenance. Each pack is sealed in an acid-proof container which is designed to prevent damage in the case of acid leakage. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, the Masterys series is equipped with EBS systems, depending on the model. BHC Universal (Battery Health Check) is available on request to optimise the battery lifetime.

65

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

FLEXIBILITY

2.3. Horizontal and vertical parallel


MASTERYS Green Power offers 2 configurations of UPS in the same range.

Stand-alone UPS configuration

Modular parallel UPS configuration (up to 6 units)

2.4. Availability, redundancy and efciency


To increase the availability of the power supply, redundant parallel configurations are becoming increasingly common. Consequently, the overall efficiency of the UPS system risks being reduced due to the low load on each individual machine.

66

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
The MASTERYS Green Power can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the 2 communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides MASTERYS Green Power a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

Second serial 232/modem

Net Vision card & JNC

EMD (combined with NetVision)

Uni Vision Pro & JNC

System concentrator

Modbus TCP

Models

GP10-GP15-GP20-GP30-GP40 Standard Option - Not available

(1)

(1)

For a description of the options, see glossary


(1) NetVision card required.

3.2. Hardware equipment


Other IP protections

Insulation monitoring device

Additional battery charger

Backfeed control system

Internal batteries

External manual bypass

Separate mains

Parallel kit

Models

External battery cabinet

Battery charger

Internal manual bypass

Input/output transformer

GP10-GP15-GP20-GP30-GP40 Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

ACS

Remote mimic panel

SMS notification

Web monitoring

Graphic display

Serial 232

Serial 485

T.Service

Profibus

SNMP

e-mail

ADC

GSS

67

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

LAN

Slot

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. We recommend fitting two metres of unanchored flexible cable between the UPS output terminals and the cable anchor (wall or cabinet). This makes it possible to move and service the UPS. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

68

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Masterys Green Power
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) (W) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains (kcal/h) power present and batteries charging)(3) (BTU/h) W (mm) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) D (mm) H (mm) 190 800 195 1000 240 190 679 581 2317 902 776 3078 1193 1026 4072
3

GP10 3/1 10 9 14/17(1) 43/50(1) 44

GP15 3/1 15 13.5 21/25(1)

GP20 3/1 20 18 28/34(1)

GP10 3/3 10 9 14/17(1)

GP15 3/3 15 13.5 21/25 22/25(2) 22

GP20 3/3 20 18 28/34 29/34(2) 29

GP30 3/3 30 27 42/50 43/50(2) 44 465 55

GP40 3/3 40 36 56/67 58/67(2) 58

65/75(1) 87/100(1) 15/17(1) 65 87 280 50 679 581 2317 15

902 776 3078 444 795 800 195

1193 1026 4072

1775 1526 6058

2326 2000 7939

1000 240 315

1400 415

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation. (3) Considering full current available on the charger

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Phase in/out Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up < 5% < 4% < 3% < In (no overcurrent) GP10 3/1 GP15 3/1 GP20 3/1 GP10 3/3 GP15 3/3 GP20 3/3 GP30 3/3 GP40 3/3

3x400 V + N -15% +20% (-40% +20% @ 50% of rated power) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 10% 0.99 < 2.5%

69

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Phase in/out Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency (selectable) Bypass frequency tolerance GP10 3/1 GP15 3/1 GP20 3/1 GP10 3/3 GP15 3/3 GP20 3/3 GP30 3/3 GP40 3/3

2 Hz/s (settable up to 3 Hz/s) Nominal output voltage 15% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2% (from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit))

Electrical characteristics -Inverter Model Phase in/out Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (1) @ 208 V Pout = 90% Pnom 10 min 1 min 10 kW 12 kW 15 kW 18 kW GP10 3/1
(1)

GP15 3/1

GP20 3/1

GP10 3/3

GP15 3/3

GP20 3/3

GP30 3/3

GP40 3/3

208 /220/230/240 V

380/400/415 V

Static: 1% Dynamic: VF-SS-111 (EN62040-3) compliant 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.01% (on mains power failure) 3:1 1% on linear load < 5% on distorting load (EN 62040-3) 20 kW 24 kW 10 kW 12 kW 15 kW 18 kW 20 kW 24 kW 30 kW 36 kW 40 kW 48 kW

Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model Phase in/out @ 50% Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco-Mode @ 75% @ full load GP10 3/1 GP15 3/1 GP20 3/1 GP10 3/3 96% 96% 95.5% 98% GP15 3/3 GP20 3/3 GP30 3/3 GP40 3/3

Electrical characteristics -Environment Model Phase in/out Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour GP10 3/1 GP15 3/1 GP20 3/1 GP10 3/3 GP15 3/3 GP20 3/3 GP30 3/3 GP40 3/3

-5 +50 C (23-122 F) (25 C for better battery life) 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (25 C for better battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (IP21 optional) EN 60068-2 RAL 7012, plastic front panels: dark grey

70

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protections


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model Phase in/out D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) GG fuse (A) 10 3/1 32 32 15 3/1 32 32 20 3/1 40 40 10 3/3 32 32 15 3/3 32 32 20 3/3 40 40 30 3/3 63 63 40 3/3 80 80

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model Phase in/out Maximum I2t supported by the bypass (A2s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) GG fuse(1) (A) 100 100 10 3/1 15 3/1 80000 4000 100 100 125 125 32 32 20 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 8000 1200 32 32 40 40 63 63 20 3/3 30 3/3 15000 1700 80 80 40 3/3

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model Phase in/out Input residual current circuit breaker 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 10 15 3/3 3/3 > 0.5 A Selective 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output(4) Model Phase in/out Maximum inverter I2t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker(4) (A) B curve circuit breaker(4) (A) High-speed fuse (A)
(4)

10 3/1 1161 12 20 18

15 3/1 2547 16 32 18

20 3/1 4500 20 40 24

10 3/3 129 4 8 6

15 3/3 283 4 8 6

20 3/3 500 6 12 10

30 3/3 1133 10 20 12

40 3/3 1994 13 25 16

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model 10 15 20 Phase in/out 3/1 3/1 3/1 Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 2xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 2xCBD25 (35mm2)

10 3/3

15 3/3

20 3/3

30 3/3

40 3/3

4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2)

4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2) 4xCBD25 (35mm2)

(1) Cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size for parallel topologies. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) Must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by "n" times for series-parallel machines, with "n" equal to the number of parallel machines.

71

MASTERYS GP 10-40 kVA

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (Class A)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1-1 EN 50272-2 EN 60896-1 EN 60896-2 EN 60529 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations (certified by TV SD) Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal N is connected directly to output terminal N1 inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adheres to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

72

MASTERYS Green Power


F ro m 6 0 t o 1 2 0 k VA

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. ............................................................ Power ratings from 60 to 120 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible back-up time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Horizontal and vertical parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Availability, redundancy and efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 78 79 79 79

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Masterys Green Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

82 82 82 82 84 85 85 85 85 85 85 85

75

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

76

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
Masterys Green Power is a full range of high performing UPS designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in applications in the IT, telecom and industrial fields, such as enterprise servers, storage systems, networking equipment, telecommunications systems, diagnostic/medical devices and industrial processes. Masterys Green Power models offer powers of 60 to 120 kVA to cover three/three phase electrical configurations. Models 60 GP Green Power 3/3 80 100 120

Each range has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

77

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 60 to 120 kVA
The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms are located in the front bottom side, while the communication interfaces in the internal upper side of the door. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow from the rear side (60-80 kVA) or upper side (100-120 kVA); this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

Dimensions
Width (W) MASTERYS Green Power 60-80 [mm] MASTERYS Green Power 100-120 [mm] 600 700 Depth (D) 800 800 Height (H) 1400 1930

D W
MASTERYS Green Power 60-80 kVA
700 W

800 D

MASTERYS Green Power 100-120 kVA

78

1930

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Flexible back-up time


Different extended back-up times are possible by using external battery cabinets, optionally with a supplementary battery charger. Selection of the back-up time is flexible thanks to the wide range of DC bus voltages. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, MASTERYS Green Power is equipped with Expert Battery System (EBS). BHC Universal (Battery Health Check) is available on request to optimise the battery lifetime.

2.3. Horizontal and vertical parallel


MASTERYS Green Power offers 2 configurations of UPS in the same range.

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

? ? ?

Stand-alone UPS configuration

Modular parallel UPS configuration

2.4. Availability, redundancy and efciency


To increase the availability of the power supply, redundant parallel configurations are becoming increasingly common. Consequently, the overall efficiency of the UPS system risks being reduced due to the low load on each individual machine.

79

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
Masterys Green Power can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time: The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the 2 communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides Masterys Green Power a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

LAN System concentrator SMS notification Serial 232 + Modem Second Serial 232/ modem RTU

Slot Net Vision card & JNC EMD (combined with Net Vision) Uni Vision Pro & JNC IP21

Modbus TCP

Models

Web Monitoring

Graphic display

Serial 232

Serial 485

GP 60-80 GP 100-120 Standard Option - Not available

For a descrip tion of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware equipment


Insulation monitoring device Additional battery charger Backfeed control system

Internal Batteries

External manual bypass

Separate mains

Parallel kit

Models

External battery cabinet

Battery charger

Internal manual bypass

Input/output Transformer

GP 60-80 GP 100-120 Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

80

ACS

IP20

T.Service

ADICOM

Profibus

SNMP

e-mail

ADC

GSS

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30 mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

81

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Masterys Green Power
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 400 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging)(2) W kcal/h BTU/h W (mm) Dimensions D (mm) H (mm) Weight (kg) 180 3600 3095 12283 600 800 1400 200 380
3

GP 60 3/3 60 54 83/106 87/174 x 1 min(1) 87 1100 60

GP 80 3/3 80 72 111/138

GP 100 3/3 100 90 139/205

GP 120 3/3 120 108 166/248

116/232 x 1 min(1) 145/290 x 1 min(1) 174/348 x 1 min(1) 116 145 2000 65 4800 4127 16378 5700 4900 19500 700 800 1930 460 6900 5900 23500 174

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) Considering full current available on the charger.

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up GP 60 GP 80 GP 100 3x400 V + N 20% (-40% @ 50% of rated power) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 10% > 0.99 < 2.5% <In (no overcurrent) GP 120

82

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency Bypass frequency tolerance GP 60 GP 80 GP 100 GP 120

1 Hz/s (settable up to 3 Hz/s) Nominal output voltage 15% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2% from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit)

Electrical characteristics -Inverter

Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency (selectable) Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) 10 min 1 min

380/400/415 V Static: 1% Dynamic: VF-SS-111 (EN 62040-3) compliant 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.01% on mains power failure 3:1 < 1% on linear load < 3% on distorting load (Ph/N) 125% of the load 150% of the load

Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Model @ 50% Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco-Mode @ 75% @ full load GP 60 GP 80 96% 96% 95.5% 98% GP 100 GP 120

Electrical characteristics - Environment Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection GP 60 GP 80 GP 100 GP 120

0 +50 C (23-122 F) (25 C for better battery life) 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (25 C for better battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (other IP as option)

83

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

Model

GP 60

GP 80

GP 100

GP 120

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protections


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model GP Phase in/out D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) GG fuse (A) GP 60 3/3 125 125 GP 80 3/3 160 160 GP 100 3/3 250 250 GP 120 3/3 250 250

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model GP Phase in/out Maximum I2t supported by the bypass (A2s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) GG fuse (A)
(1)

GP 60 3/3 80000 4000 125 125

GP 80 3/3 125000 5000 160 160

GP 100 3/3 640000 8200 250 250

GP 120 3/3 8200 250 250

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model GP Phase in/out Input residual current circuit breaker GP 60 3/3 GP 80 GP 100 3/3 3/3 > 0.5 A Selective GP 120 3/3

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output(4) Model GP Phase in/out Maximum inverter I2t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker(4) (A) B curve circuit breaker(4) (A) High-speed fuse(4) (A) GP 60 3/3 4330 20 32 GP 80 3/3 7670 25 40 GP 100 3/3 20000 40 80 32 GP 120 3/3 20000 40 80 32

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model GP Phase in/out Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) GP 60 3/3 50 mm2 50 mm2 70 mm2 50 mm2 GP 80 3/3 GP 100 3/3 150 mm2 150 mm2 150 mm2 150 mm2 GP 120 3/3

(1) Cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size for parallel topologies. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) Must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by n times for series-parallel machines, with n equal to the number of parallel machines.

84

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (C3 category)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1-1 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations (certified by TV SD)

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal is connected directly to output terminal inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adhere's to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

85

MASTERYS GP 60-120 kVA

MASTERYS IP+
F ro m 1 0 t o 8 0 k VA

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. ............................................................ Power ratings from 10 to 80 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible back-up time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Redundant parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Availability, redundancy and efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 92 93 94 94

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Masterys IP+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 97 97 97 99

100 100 100 100 100 100 100

89

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

90

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
MASTERYS IP+ is a full range of high performing UPS designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in mission critical applications in the industrial fields, such as industrial processes. Models 10 IP+ IP+ Masterys IP+ 3/1 Masterys IP+ 3/3 15 20 30 40 60 80

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

Each range has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

91

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 10 to 80 kVA
The entire range (13 basic products) are compatible with 2 cabinets. Dimensions Cabinet type Width (W) [mm] Depth (D) [mm] Height (H) [mm]

600

800

1400

D W

1000

830

1400

D W

The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the front part inside to metal door. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

92

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Flexible back-up time


Different extended back-up times are possible by using voth UPS cabinet, both of which occupy minimum floor space. For powers greater than or equal to 40 kVA, or long back-up power periods, an additional cabinet should be used, optionally with a supplementary battery charger. BACK-UP times in minutes (max @ 70% of load)

IP+ 10 3/1 IP+ 15 3/1 IP+ 20 3/1 IP+ 30 3/1 IP+ 40 3/1 IP+ 60 3/1 IP+ 10 3/3 IP+ 15 3/3 IP+ 20 3/3 IP+ 30 3/3 IP+ 40 3/3 IP+ 60 3/3 IP+ 80 3/3

19 11 7 4 19 11 7 4 -

Selection of the back-up time is flexible thanks to the wide range of DC bus voltages. The batteries are organised internally into racks based on their relative sizes, so as to ensure a compact unit while still guaranteeing substantial back-up times. The UPS systems internal batteries consist of distinct strings of battery packs connected in series; each individual pack is connected using polarised connectors to facilitate battery configuration and maintenance. Each pack is sealed in an acid-proof container which is designed to prevent damage in the case of acid leakage. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, the Masterys series is equipped with EBS systems, depending on the model. BHC Universal (Battery Health Check) is available on request to optimise the battery lifetime.

93

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

Masterys IP+ 10-40 kVA

Masterys IP+ 40-80 kVA

UPS with battery cabinet

FLEXIBILITY

2.3. Parallel conguration.


MASTERYS IP+ offers various configurations.

Transformer on OUTPUT

Transformer on MAINS

Transformer on AUX MAINS

Stand-alone UPS configuration

Parallel 1+1 redundant configuration

Parallel N+1 power configuration (up to 6 UPS) transformer on MAINS

Parallel N+1 power configuration (up to 6 UPS) transformer on AUX MAINS

2.4. Availability, redundancy and efciency


To increase the availability of the power supply, redundant parallel configurations are becoming increasingly common. Consequently, the overall efficiency of the UPS system risks being reduced due to the low load on each individual machine.

94

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
MASTERYS IP+ can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time: The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the 2 communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides MASTERYS IP+ a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

EMD (combined with Net Vision)

Slot 1 / Slot 2 Uni Vision Pro & JNC Second Serial 232/ modem Net Vision card & JNC

Models

Remote mimic panel

Graphic display

Serial 232/485

T.Service

ADC (1)

GSS

LAN

IP+ Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary


(1) Standard without termal sensor; if termal sensor is necessary a second ADC card is needed

3.2. Hardware equipment


Internal manual bypass (1) External manual bypass External battery cabinet

Output Transformer (2)

Insulation monitoring device

Backfeed detection circuit

Models

Internal Batteries (3)

Additional battery charger

Separate mains

Battery charger

IP+

Option

Standard

- Not available For a description of the options, see glossary

(1) The transformer is also powered when UPS is in manual bypass (2) Transformer could be connected on the input mains or by pass by the bridge on cabling sockets (refer to installation manual). For multitransformer, please contact our sales network (only for 600x800x1400 mm models) (3) Internal battery are available only up to 30 kVA

ACS

IP31

IP52

95

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. We recommend to leave free space on the front of UPS for maintenance operation. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

96

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Masterys IP+
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model IP+ Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m3/h) Sound level (dB) Dissipation at rated (W) load (minimum mains power (kcal/h) present and batte(BTU/h) ries charging) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) W (mm) D (mm) H (mm) 890 765 3035 1335 1148 4553 600 800 1400 < 400 490 10 3/1 10 9 15 3/1 15 13.5 20 3/1 20 18 30 3/1 30 27 40 3/1 40 32 60 3/1 60 48 78/ 100(1) 260/ 458(1) 261 1810 62 1780 1531 6071 2670 2296 9106 4364 3753 14880 5933 5102 20230 890 765 3035 50 1335 1148 4553 1780 1531 6071 600 800 1400 540 < 400 530 2670 2296 9106 10 3/3 10 9 14/17 15 3/3 15 13.5 21/25 20 3/3 20 18 28/34 30 3/3 30 27 42/50 40 3/3 40 36 56/67 60 3/3 60 48 78/ 100 87/ 174(2) 87 1810 55 3560 3062 12141 6100 5250 20820 62 8100 6970 27650 80 3/3 80 64 106/ 133 116/ 232(2) 116

14/17(1) 21/25(1) 28/34(1) 42/50(1) 52/70(1) 43/50(1) 65/75(1) 44 65 440 50 87/ 100(1) 87 129/ 150(1) 131 174/ 307(1) 174

15/17(2) 22/25(2) 29/34(2) 43/50(2) 58/67(2) 15 22 29 440 44 58

1000 830 1400

1000 830 1400 600

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation.

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model IP+ Phase in/out Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3

3x400 V + N -15% + 20% (output load at pf 0.9) -20% + 20% (output load at pf 0.8) Up to -40% to 50% of rated power (pf 0.9) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 10% 0.99 < 3% < In (no overcurrent)

97

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model IP+ Phase in/out Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency (selectable) Bypass frequency tolerance 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3

1 Hz/s - 3 Hz/s Nominal output voltage 15% 50/60 Hz 2% (from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit))

Electrical characteristics - Inverter Model IP+ Phase in/out Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency (selectable) Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the 10 min inverter (with mains power 1 min present) @ p.f. 0.8 (1) @ 208 V Pout = 90% Pnom Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model IP+ Phase in/out Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) at rated load, trafo on the output Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) at rated load, trafo on bypass 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 91% 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3 10 3/1 15 3/1
(1)

20 3/1

30 3/1

40 3/1

60 3/1

10 3/3

15 3/3

20 3/3

30 3/3

40 3/3

60 3/3

80 3/3

208 /220/230/240 V

380/400/415 V

Static: 1% Dynamic: VF-SS-111 (EN62040-3) compliant 50/60 Hz 0.01% (on mains power failure) 3:1 1% on linear load < 5% on distorting load (EN 62040-3) 125% of the load 150% of the load

91%

89%

89%

95%

93%

94%

92%

Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model IP+ Phase in/out Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3

-5 +45 C (23-113 F) (25 C for better battery life) 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (25 C for better battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP31 and IP52 EN 60068-2 RAL 7012

98

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model IP+ Phase in/out C curve circuit breaker GG fuse (A)
(1)

10 3/1 (A) 32 32

15 3/1 32 32

20 3/1 40 40

30 3/1 63 63

40 3/1 80 125

60 3/1 125 160

10 3/3 32 32

15 3/3 32 32

20 3/3 40 40

30 3/3 63 63

40 3/3 80 80

60 3/3 125 125

80 3/3 160 160

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model IP+ Phase in/out Maximum I t supported by the bypass (A2s) Icc max (A)
2

10 3/1

15 3/1 80000 4000

20 3/1

30 3/1

40 3/1

60 3/1

10 3/3

15 3/3 8000 1200

20 3/3

30 3/3

40 3/3

60 3/3

80 3/3

125000 320000 500000 5000 8000 10000

15000 1700

80000 125000 4000 4000

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model IP+ Phase in/out Input residual current circuit breaker 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3

> 0.5 A Selective

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output Model IP+ Phase in/out C curve circuit breaker (A) High-speed fuse (A)
(4) (4)

10 3/1 10 12

15 3/1 16 18

20 3/1 20 24

30 3/1 32 36

40 3/1 63 40

60 3/1 100 63

10 3/3 4 6

15 3/3 4 6

20 3/3 6 10

30 3/3 10 12

40 3/3 13 16

60 3/3 20 32

80 3/3 25 40

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model IP+ Phase in/out Rectifier terminals (maximum rigid cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum rigid cable section) Battery terminals (maximum rigid cable section) Output terminals (maximum rigid cable section) 10 3/1 15 3/1 20 3/1 30 3/1 40 3/1 60 3/1 10 3/3 15 3/3 20 3/3 30 3/3 40 3/3 60 3/3 80 3/3

4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 2xCBD35 (50 mm2) 2xCBD50 (75 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 2xCBD50 (75 mm2)

4xCBD50 (70 mm2) 2x ACB120 (185 mm2 M8) 4xCBD70 (95 mm2) 2x ACB120 (185 mm2 M8)

4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2)

4xCBD50 (70 mm2) 4xCBD50 (70 mm2) 4xCBD50 (70 mm2) 4xCBD50 (70 mm2)

(1) Cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size for parallel topologies. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) Must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode).

99

MASTERYS IP+ 10-80 kVA

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (C3)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1-1 EN 50272-2 EN 60896-1 EN 60896-2 EN 60529 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Neutral isolated from input On TNS distribution connect the neutral to ground

100

DELPHYS MP elite
From 60 to 200 kV A

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. ........................................................... Power ratings from 60 to 200 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible backup time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Series parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 106 106 106

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 3.2. Hardware Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Delphys MP Elite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 109 109 109 111 112 112 112 112 112 112 112

103

DELPHYS MP ELITE 60-200 kVA

PURPOSE

The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation design engineering engineers. consultants. engineers.

104

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
DELPHYS MP elite integrates the latest and most powerful generation of Insulate Gate Bipolar T ransistors (IGBTs). The use of microprocessors increases the number of functions for more secure operation. The implementation of cutting-edge technology such as Surface Mounted T echnology (SMT) has reduced the number and size of the circuit boards. This reduction in the number of components enhances the r eliability of DELPHYS MP elite by increasing its resistance to electromagnetic disturbances. Models 60 DELPHYS MP elite 3/3 80 100 120 160 200

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

DELPHYS MP elite has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in or der to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

105

DELPHYS MP ELITE 60-200 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 60 to 200 kVA
Dimensions Cabinet type Width (W) [mm] Depth (D) [mm] Height (H) [mm]

1000 800 1930

The equipment has been designed with a minimum dir ect and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the spa ce required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the door. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

2.2. Flexible backup time


Selection of the back-up time is flexible thanks to the wide range of DC bus voltages. The batteries are organised internally into racks based on their relative sizes, so as to ensure a compact unit while still guaranteeing substantial backup times. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, the DELPHYS MP elite includes Expert Battery System (EBS), smart battery charging management and BHC Universal (Battery Health Check) to optimise the battery lifetime (available on request).

2.3. Series parallel


DELPHYS MP elite offers various system configurations for increased redundancy and availabilty.

Stand-alone UPS

Series-parallel UPS

106

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
The DELPHYS MP elite can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standar d on all models. This provides DELPHYS MP elite a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

1-5 slots EMD combined with Net Vision Net Vision card JNC/SNMP/WEB/Email Dry contact embedded

Serial 232/485

Models

SMS notification (serial 232 + modem)

GTS graphic display

40x8 LCD display

Modbus TCP

Vision suite

DELPHYS MP elite

T.Service

Profibus

Modem

ADC

Option

Standard

- Not available For a description of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware Equipment


Internal backfeed isolation device Redundant power supply Backfeed control system Input/output transformer

Models

Auxiliary battery charger

External maintenance bypass

Internal maintenance bypass

Insulation monitoring device

Separate mains

Battery charger

BHC

DELPHYS MP elite Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

ACS

IP52

107

DELPHYS MP ELITE 60-200 kVA

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accor dance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstr eam of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an app ropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies on the size of the UPS, ther efore installation engineers install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged fr om the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is r ecommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at th e final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

108

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Delphys MP Elite
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @230V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h)
3

MP Elite 60 3/3 60 48 86/91 87/130 87

MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 3/3 80 64 114/128 161/174 116 2000 65 67 3/3 100 80 142/151 144/216 144 3/3 120 96 177/182 174/216 174 3/3 160 128 228/242 216/232 232 2400 3/3 200 160 300/382 290/450 290

Sound level (dBA) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) W kcal/h BTU/h W (mm) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) D (mm) H (mm) 740 3800 3300 13100

4900 19450

5600 22250 1000 800 1930 860

7300 29000

8800 34950

13200 52400

1020

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Phase in/out Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up Soft start MP Elite 60 3/3 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3 3/3 380/400/415 V (208/220/240 V on request) -12% +15%(380 V) / 15% (400 V) / -15% +10% (415 V) 50/60 Hz 5 Hz 0.99 < 3% <In (no overcurrent) 50 A/sec (settable)

109

DELPHYS MP ELITE 60-200 kVA

5700

6500

8500

10200

15400

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency Bypass frequency tolerance MP Elite 60 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 2 Hz/s (settable) Rated output voltage 10% (settable) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2 Hz (from 0.2 to 4 Hz settable (operation with generator unit))

Electrical characteristics - Inverter Model Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency Autonomous frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (1) other voltages on request Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Model Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco Mode MP Elite 60 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 93.5% @ full load 98% MP Elite 60 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 380/400/415 V (1) Static: 1% Dynamic: (0-100% Pn) -4% +2% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.02 on mains power failure 3:1 < 2% on linear load < 4% with non linear load 125% x 10 min 150% x 1 min

Electrical characteristics - Environment Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour MP Elite 60 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 -20 +70 C (-4-158 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 0 +35 C (32-95 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (other IP as option) EN 60068-2 RAL 9006 (Grey Toyo)

110

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model D curve circuit breaker (A)
(1)

MP Elite 60 100 100

MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 125 125 160 160 200 200 250 250 400 400

GG fuse (A)

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model Maximum I t supported by the bypass (A s)
2 2

MP Elite 60 160000 4000


(1)

MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 160000 4000 160 160 250000 5000 200 200 250000 5000 250 250 640000 8000 400 400 640000 8000 400 400

Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker (A) GG fuse(1) (A)

125 125

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Input residual current circuit breaker 0.5 A

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output(4) Model Maximum inverter I t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s)
2

MP Elite 60 24000 40 80

MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 24000 40 80 38000 50 125 38000 50 125 112000 100 250 112000 100 250

C curve circuit breaker(1) (A) High-speed fuse(4) (A)

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) MP Elite 60 MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200 Copper bar 63 x 4 mm (2x120 mm) Copper bar 63 x 4 mm (2x120 mm) Copper bar 40 x 5 mm (2x240 mm) Copper bar 63 x 4 mm (2x120 mm)

(1) For parallel topologies, cables must be selected 1.5 times larger than the recommended size. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and e r ctifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single e r sidual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by n times for series-parallel machines, with n equal to the number of parallel machines.

111

DELPHYS MP ELITE 60-200 kVA

Model

MP Elite 60

MP Elite 80 MP Elite 100 MP Elite 120 MP Elite 160 MP Elite 200

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all curr ent laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC 2004/108/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the r econciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2. Electromagnetic compatibility (class C3 standard - C2 optional) EN 61000-2-2 Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems EN 61000-4-2 Electrostatic discharge immunity test, EN 61000-4-3 Radiated radio-frequency electromagnetic field immunity test, EN 61000-4-4 Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test, EN 61000-4-5 Surge immunity test, EN 61000-4-6 Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields. EN 55011 class A Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of industrial, scientific and medical I(SM) radio-frequency equipment.

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas EN 62040-1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations EN 60439-1 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies - Part 1: Type-tested and partially type-tested assemblies, EN 50272-2 Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations EN 60896-1 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types EN 60896-2 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types EN 60146 Semiconductor convertors EN 60529 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal "N" is connected directly to output terminal "N1" inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstr eam of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to install the IP version or to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) and the manufacturer is therefore obliged to comply with them. The UPS engineer adhere's to current legislation on installation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).
112

F ro m 2 5 0 t o 9 0 0 k VA

DELPHYS MX

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. ........................................................... Power ratings from 250 to 900 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flexible backup time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 118 119 119

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 3.2. Hardware Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Delphys MX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 122 122 122 124 125 125 125 125 125 125 125

115

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

PURPOSE

The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

116

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
Delphys MX integrates the latest and most powerful generation of Insulate Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs). The use of microprocessors increases the number of functions for more secure operation. The implementation of cutting-edge technology such as Surface Mounted Technology (SMT) has reduced the number and size of the circuit boards. This reduction in the number of components enhances the reliability of Delphys MX by increasing its resistance to electromagnetic disturbances. Models 250 Delphys MX 3/3 300 400 500 800 900

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

Delphys MX has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

117

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 250 to 900 kVA
The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the door. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

Dimensions
Cabinet type Delphys MX 250-500 kVA [mm] Delphys MX 800-900 kVA [mm] Width (W) 1600 3200 Depth (D) 950 950 Height (H) 1930 2210

2210 1930

3200

1600 950 950

DELPHYS MX 250-500 kVA

DELPHYS MX 800-900 kVA

118

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Flexible backup time


Selection of the back-up time is flexible thanks to the wide range of DC bus voltages. The batteries are organised internally into racks based on their relative sizes, so as to ensure a compact unit while still guaranteeing substantial backup times. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, the Delphys MX includes Expert Battery System (EBS), smart battery charging management and BHC Universal (Battery Health Check) to optimise the battery lifetime (available on request).

2.3. Parallel
Delphys MX consists of modular UPS units (rectifier, battery, inverter and bypass) connected in parallel (up to 6 UPS units). This solution, which is ideally suited for 1+1 redundancy, offers flexible power upgrading and enables stand-alone UPS units to be expanded, even if this was not planned in the original design of the system. Each UPS unit has a built-in maintenance bypass. It is possible to add an external maintenance bypass, common to all of the UPS units, for maintenance access.

Stand-alone UPS

Parallel UPS

119

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
Delphys MX can manage various different serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time: The various cards and signalling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides Delphys MX UPS systems with a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

EMD combined with NetVision ACS

Models

Delphys MX Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware Equipment

Delphys MX Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

120

Parallel kit

Models

Redundant power supply

Insulation monitoring device

Back feed control system

External manual bypass

Integrated Back feed protection

Auxiliary battery charger

Separate mains

Battery charger

Built-in manual bypass

Input/output Transformer

BHC

IP52

Remote mimic panel

1-7 slots GTS graphic display Second serial 232 40x8 LCD display Dry contact card Serial 232/485 NetVision card and JNC

UniVision Pro and JNC

T.Service

Modem

ADC

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, therefore installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

121

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Delphys MX
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @230V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) W kcal/h BTU/h W (mm) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) D (mm) H (mm) 2300 70 17200 14800 58730 70 20630 17730 70357 1600 950 1930 2650 3000
3

MX 250 3/3 250 225 550 / 605 362 361

MX 300 3/3 300 270 633 / 690 433 433 6140

MX 400 3/3 400 360 822 / 880 580 577

MX 500 3/3 500 450 864 / 950 722 722

MX 800 3/3 800 720 1273/1547 1155 1155

MX 900 3/3 900 800 1428/1611 1300 1300

14600 70 27300 23250 92262 72 34000 29260 116111 48000 41310 163928 3200 995 2210 5900 76 53000 45610 180992

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Phase in/out Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up Soft start 0.93 < 4.5% <In (no overcurrent) 50 A/sec (settable) MX 250 3/3 MX 300 3/3 MX 400 3/3 MX 500 3/3 MX 800 3/3 MX 900 3/3

380/400/415 V 340 to 460 V 50/60 Hz 5% 0.94 < 5% 360 to 460 V

122

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency Bypass frequency tolerance MX 250 MX 300 MX 400 MX 500 MX 800 MX 900

2 Hz/s settable Rated output voltage 10% 50/60 Hz selectable 2 Hz (from 0.2 to 4 Hz settable (operation with generator unit))

Electrical characteristics - Inverter Model Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) MX 250 MX 300 MX 400 MX 500 MX 800 MX 900

380/400/415 V Static: < 1% Dynamic: (0-100% Pn) 2% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.02 on mains power failure 3:1 < 2% on linear load < 4% on distorting load (Ph/N) 125% x 10 min 150% x 1 min < 2% on linear load < 3% on distorting load (Ph/N)

Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Model Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco Mode MX 250 MX 300 MX 400 MX 500 MX 800 MX 900

93.5% at full load 98%

93.5% at full load

Electrical characteristics - Environment Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour
(1) Condition apply.

MX 250

MX 300

MX 400

MX 500

MX 800

MX 900

-20 +70 C (-4-158 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 10 C to +35 C (50-95 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (up to IP52 optional) EN 60068-2 RAL 9006 (Grey Toyo) 10 C to +35 C (50-95 F)(1)

123

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier (2) Model D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) MX 250 630 MX 300 630 MX 400 860 MX 500 1000 MX 800 1600 MX 900 1600

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model Maximum I t supported by the bypass (A s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) 630 630
2 2

MX 250

MX 300

MX 400

MX 500

MX 800

MX 900

2250000 10600 800 800

5120000 24700 1250 1600

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model Input residual current circuit breaker MX 250 MX 300 MX 400 MX 500 MX 800 MX 900

300 mA

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output3) Model Maximum inverter I t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker(4) (A) High-speed fuse (A)
(4) 2

MX 250 256000 160 400

MX 300 256000 160 400

MX 400 400000 200 500

MX 500 841000 250 700

MX 800

MX 900

1600000 400 800

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) MX 250 MX 300 MX 400
2

MX 500

MX 800

MX 900

Copper bar (3x300 mm ) Copper bar (3x300 mm2) Copper bar (3x300 mm2) Copper bar (3x300 mm2)

Copper bar (4x300 mm2) Copper bar (4x300 mm2) Copper bar (4x300 mm2) Copper bar (4x300 mm2)

(1) For parallel topologies, cables must be selected 1.5 times larger than the recommended size. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by n times for series-parallel machines, with n equal to the number of parallel machines.

124

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all current laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC 2004/108/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. Council Directive 2004/108/EEC, dated 15 December 2004, on the harmonisation of legislation within Member States regarding electromagnetic compatibility, in abrogation of directive 89/336/EEC.

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2. Electromagnetic compatibility (class C3 standard - C2 optional) EN 61000-2-2 Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems EN 61000-4-2 Electrostatic discharge immunity test, EN 61000-4-3 Radiated radio-frequency electromagnetic field immunity test, EN 61000-4-4 Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test, EN 61000-4-5 Surge immunity test, EN 61000-4-6 Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields. EN 55011 class A Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio-frequency equipment.

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas EN 62040-1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations EN 60439-1 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies - Part 1: Type-tested and partially type-tested assemblies, EN 50272-2 Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations EN 60896-1 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types EN 60896-2 Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types EN 60146 Semiconductor convertors EN 60529 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal N is connected directly to output terminal N1 inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs modification, it will be necessary to install the IP version or to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adheres to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

125

DELPHYS MX 250-900 kVA

DELPHYS Green Power


F ro m 1 6 0 t o 4 0 0 k VA

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. ........................................................... Power ratings from 160 to 400 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Battery management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . UPS and system architectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 132 133 134

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Delphys Green Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 137 137 137 139 140 140 140 140 140 140 140

129

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

130

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
DELPHYS Green Power is a full range of high performing UPS designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in mission critical applications in Data centres, Telecommunications, Service sectors and IT Networks/Infrastructures such as enterprise servers, storage systems, networking equipment, telecommunications systems, diagnostic/medical devices and industrial processes.

Models 160 GP DELPHYS Green Power 3/3


Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

200

320

400

DELPHYS Green Power has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

131

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 160 to 400 kVA
The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the front side and can be accessed from a door provided with handle and lock. The air inlet is on the front, with outflow from the upper side; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

Dimensions
Cabinet type DELPHYS Green Power 160-200 [mm] DELPHYS Green Power 320-400 [mm] Width (W) 700 1400 Depth (D) 800 800 Height (H) 1930 1930

1930

800 800 700 1400 700

DELPHYS Green Power 160-200 kVA

DELPHYS Green Power 320-400 kVA

132

1930

FLEXIBILITY

2.2. Battery management


Available with distributed batteries, DELPHYS Green Power allows to optimise the batteries size thanks to a shared battery operation. This reduces the overall system footprint, the weight of the required batteries, the battery monitoring system, the amount of wiring needed and the amount of lead. To guarantee maximum back-up time availability and battery life, DELPHYS Green Power includes: Expert Battery System (EBS), smart battery charging management. Shared battery, to optimise the battery size for parallel systems. It reduces the overall system footprint, weight of the required batteries, the battery monitoring system, the amount of wiring needed and the amount of lead. BHC Interactive (Battery Health Check), to optimise the battery lifetime (available on request).

T V I

Shared battery

BHC Interactive

133

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

FLEXIBILITY

2.3. UPS and system architectures


DELPHYS Green Power consists of modular UPS units (rectifier, battery, inverter and bypass) connected in parallel: up to 8 units (160-200 kVA) up to 4 units (320-400 kVA) This solution, which is ideally suited for 1+1 redundancy, offers flexible power upgrading and enables stand-alone UPS units to be expanded, even if this was not planned in the original design of the system. Each UPS unit has a built-in maintenance bypass. It is possible to add an external maintenance bypass, common to all of the UPS units, for maintenance access.

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

? ? ? ? ?

Stand-alone UPS configuration

Modular parallel UPS configuration

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA
10:30

Parallel centralised bypass

134

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
DELPHYS Green Power can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides DELPHYS Green Power a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

VISION SUITE (JNC agent)

Models ADICOM graphic display SMS notification serial 232 + Modem

LAN

Slot SMS notification Serial 232 + Modem

Web Monitoring

Modbus TCP

Serial 232

Delphys Green Power 160-200 Delphys Green Power 320-400 Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

Backfeed isolation device

External battery cabinet and protection

Insulation monitoring device

Additional battery charger

Backfeed control system

Internal Batteries

Models External manual bypass Common mains coupling bars Internal manual bypass Input/output Transformer

Delphys Green Power 160-200 Delphys Green Power 320-400 Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary


(1) Other IP on demand.

BHC Interactive

Battery charger

Parallel kit

(1)

ACS

IP20

135

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

3.2. Hardware equipment

T.Service

Profibus

SNMP

e-mail

ADC

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30 mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. We recommend fitting two metres of unanchored flexible cable between the UPS output terminals and the cable anchor (wall or cabinet). This makes it possible to move and service the UPS. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

136

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Delphys Green Power
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model (kVA) Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) (2) (W) (kcal/h) (BTU/h) W (mm) Dimensions D (mm) H (mm) Weight (kg) 460 8600 7395 29361 700 800
3

160

200 3/3

320

400

160 144 220/290 232/348 x 1 min (1) 232 2250 65

200 180 278/340 290/435 x 1 min (1) 290

320 288 440/580 464/696 x 1 min (1) 464 4500 68

400 360 556/680 580/870 x 1 min (1) 580

10650 9157 36360

18500 15900 63160 1400

22500 19345 76817

980

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) Considering full current available on the charger

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Rectifier Input Model (kVA) Rated mains supply voltage (V) Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency (Hz) Frequency tolerance (Hz) Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up Soft start 160 200 400 3ph 20% without derating, -40% at 50% of rated power, power factor 0.9 50/60 from 42 to 65 0.99 < 2.5% < In (no overcurrent) 50 A/sec (settable) 320 400

137

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

1930

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model (kVA) Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency Bypass frequency tolerance 160 200 320 400

2 Hz/s settable from 1 to 3 Hz/s Nominal output voltage 15% (settable) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2% from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit)

Electrical characteristics - Inverter Model (kVA) Rated output voltage (selectable) (V) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency (Hz) Autonomous frequency tolerance Load crest factor Harmonic voltage distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (kW) 10 min 1 min 180 216 160 200 320 400

400 3ph + N (380/415 configurable) static load 1%, dynamic load VF-SS-111 compliant 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.02% on mains power failure 3:1 < 2% with linear load, < 4% with non linear load 225 270 360 432 450 540

Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Model (kVA) @ 50% Double conversion efficiency @ 75% (Online mode) @ 100% 160 200 96 96 95.5 320 400

Electrical characteristics - Environment Model (kVA) Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour 100 120 160 200

-20/70 C (-4/158 F) (15-25 C for maximum battery life) 0/35 C (32/104 F) (15-25 C for maximum battery life) 95% max without condensation 1,000 m (3,300 ft) IP 20 (other IP as option) EN 60068-2 cabinet: RAL 7012 dark grey, door: silver grey

138

5.1.3. Recommended protections


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier (2a) Model (kVA) D curve circuit breaker GG fuse (A)
(1)

160 (A) 315 315

200 400 400

320 630 630

400 800 800

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass (2b) Model (kVA) Maximum I t supported by the bypass (A s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker (1) (A) GG fuse
(1) 2 2

160 640000 8000 400 400

200

320 1280000 16000 630 630

400

800 800

(A)

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker (3) Model (kVA) Phase in/out Input residual current circuit breaker 160 200 3/3 3A 320 400

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output (4) Model (kVA) Maximum inverter I2t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker (4) (A) B curve circuit breaker (A) High-speed fuse (4) (A)
(4)

160 64000 80 125 160

200

320 128000

400

N/A 250

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model (kVA) Rectifier terminals (mm2)
(maximum cable section)

160 2 x 150 2 x 150 2 x 240 2 x 150

200

320 3 x 300 3 x 300 2 x 300 3 x 300

400

Bypass terminals (mm2)


(maximum cable section)

Battery terminals (mm2)


(maximum cable section)

Output terminals (mm2)


(maximum cable section)

(1) For parallel topologies, cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size. (2a) Rectifier protection should only be considered in the event of separate inputs. The bypass protection is given by 2b reccomendation. (2b) When the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined (common input), the general input protection rating (bypass+rectifier) is the general protection rating. (3) It must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by "n" times for series-parallel machines, with "n" equal to the number of parallel machines. The bypass output protection selectivity has to be carefull verified as well as the fuse specifications (depending on protection size and brand).

139

DELPHYS GP 160-400 kVA

160

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (Class A)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1 EN 50272-2 EN 60896-1 EN 60896-2 EN 60529 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal N is connected directly to output terminal N1 inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adheres to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

140

CPSS EMergency
F ro m 3 t o 2 0 0 k VA

142

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 2. FLEXIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 2.1. Power ratings from 3 to 200 kVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Modulys EL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2. Masterys EL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.3. Recommended protections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3. Delphys EL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3. System and installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 149 149 149 151 152 152 152 154 155 155 155 157 158 158 158 158 158 158 158

143

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right uninterruptible power supply for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

144

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
CPSS EMergency s a wide range of high performance UPS units designed to protect critical and sensitive equipment in EMERGENCY LIGHTING applications. Models 3 EL EL EL EL Modulys 1/1 Masterys 3/1 Masterys 3/3 Delphys 3/3 4.5 6 10 15 20 30 40 60 80 100 120 160 200

Matrix table for model and kVA power rating

Each range has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

145

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 3 to 200 kVA
The entire range (3 models with 17 basic products) are compatible with 3 cabinets. The UPSs power and autonomy thus translates into the height of the cabinet itself: Dimensions Cabinet type Width (W) [mm] Depth (D) [mm] Height (H) [mm]

444

795

1000

444

795

1400

H 1000 850 1930

The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the metal door. The air inlet is at the front, with outflow from the top/rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

146

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
The CPSS EMergency can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time: The various cards and signaling accessories can be housed in the 2 communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides CPSS EMergency a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

Second serial 232/modem

EMD (combined with Net Vision)

LCD 2 x 16 characters

Slot 1 / Slot 2 UniVision Pro & JNC NetVision card & JNC

Models

Modulys EL 3-6 Masterys EL 10-20 3/1 Masterys EL 10-80 3/3 Delphys MP EL 100-200

(1)

Option

Standard

- Not available For a description of the options, see glossary

1: external box version only.

Remote mimic panel

Graphic display

Serial 232 /485

T.Service

ADC

GSS

LAN

3.2. Hardware equipment


Backfeed control system Input/output transformer Additional battery charger External manual bypass

Models

External battery cabinet

Internal manual bypass

Insulation monitoring device

Internal batteries

Separate mains

Battery charger

Modulys EL 3-6 Masterys EL 10-20 3/1 Masterys EL 10-80 3/3 Delphys MP EL 100-200 Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary


1: IP 31 on demand.

IP21

147

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the UPS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker (or two, if there is a separate bypass line) of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the UPS, hence installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the UPS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the UPS should be added to that discharged from the UPS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 30mA protection downstream of the UPS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an uninterruptible power supply installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. We recommend fitting two metres of unanchored flexible cable between the UPS output terminals and the cable anchor (wall or cabinet). This makes it possible to move and service the UPS. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

148

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Modulys EL
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) W Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) kcal/h BTU/h W (mm) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight without batteries [kg] D (mm) H (mm) 240 300 258 1023
3

EL 3 1/1 3 2.1 13/17 15/17 14

EL 4.5 1/1 4.5 3.15 20/25 22/25 21 180 52 450 387 1535 444 795 1000 330

EL 6 1/1 6 4.2 26/33 28/33 26

600 516 2047

340

(1) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times
higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation.

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Installation paramenters Model Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up EL 3 EL 4.5 230 V 20% (up to -30% to 70% of rated power) 50/60 Hz (selectable) 10% 0.98 < 7% (up to 50th harmonic) < In EL 6

149

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency (selectable) Bypass frequency tolerance EL 3 EL 4.5 1 Hz/s - 3 Hz/s Nominal output voltage 15% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2% (from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit)) EL 6

Electrical characteristics -Inverter Model Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency (selectable) Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (1) With 70% of rated power Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) (*) Efficiency in Eco Mode EL 3 EL 4.5 90% with nominal load 92% EL 6 EL 3 EL 4.5 208(1)/230 V Static: 3% Dynamic: VF-SS-111 (EN62040-3) compliant 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.01% (on mains power failure) 3:1 1% on linear load < 7% on distorting load (EN 62040-3) 110% x 5 min 130% x 5 sec EL 6

Electrical characteristics -Environment Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour EL 3 EL 4.5 EL 6

-5 +50 C (23-122 F) (15-25 C for better battery life) 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (15-25 C for better battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP21 EN 60068-2 RAL 7012, plastic front panels: dark grey

150

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protections


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Rectifier Model C curve circuit breaker (A) EL 3 20 EL 4.5 32 EL 6 32

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - General bypass Model C curve circuit breaker (A) EL 3 20 EL 4.5 32 EL 6 32

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Input residual current circuit breaker Model Input residual current circuit breaker EL 3 EL 4.5 100 mA Selective EL 6

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Terminals and cable section Model Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) EL 3 EL 4.5 4 mm 2 4 mm 2 4 mm 2 EL 6

151

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

5.2. Masterys EL
5.2.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) Dissipation at rated load (W) (minimum mains power (kcal/h) present and batteries charging) (BTU/h) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) W (mm) D (mm) H (mm) 190 800 195 1000 240 190 800 195 240 680 585 2320 1080 929 3515 1370 1286 4675
3

EL10 3/1 10 9

EL15 3/1 15 13.5

EL20 3/1 20 18

EL10 3/3 10 9

EL15 3/3 15 13.5 21/25

EL20 3/3 20 18 28/34

EL30 3/3 30 27 42/50

EL40 3/3 40 36 56/67

EL60 3/3 60 48

EL80 3/3 80 64

14/17(1) 21/25(1) 28/34(1) 14/17(1)

77/142 102/190

43/50(1) 65/75(1) 87/100(1) 15/17(1) 22/25(2) 29/34(2) 43/50(2) 58/67(2) 87/152(2) 116/203(2) 44 65 87 360 52 680 585 2320 1080 929 3515 444 795 1000 315 415 1400 200
(without batteries)

15

22

29

44 460 55

58

87 1330 62

116

1370 1286 4675

2030 1763 7000

2740 2356 9320

4500 3870 15360

6000 5160 20478

210
(without batteries)

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation.

5.2.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up < 10% (up to 50th harmonic) EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80

3x400 V + N +20% -15% Up to -40% to 50% of rated power 50/60 Hz (selectable) 10% 0.99 < 3% (up to 50th harmonic) < In (no overcurrent) < 3% 20% Up to -40% to 50% of rated power

152

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency (selectable) Bypass frequency tolerance EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80

1 Hz/s - 3 Hz/s Nominal output voltage 15% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 2% (from 1% to 8% (operation with generator unit))

Electrical characteristics - Inverter Model Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency (selectable) Output frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (1) @ 208 V Pout = 90% Pnom Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model Double conversion efficiency @ full load (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco Mode EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80

208(1)/220/230/240 V

380/400/415 V

Static: 1% Dynamic: VF-SS-111 (EN62040-3) compliant 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.01% (on mains power failure) 3:1 1% on linear load < 6% on distorting load (EN 62040-3) 125% x 10 min 150% x 1 min

94.5% 97%

92% 98%

Electrical characteristics -Environment Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80

-5 +50 C (23-122 F) (15-25 C for better battery life 0 +40 C (32-104 F) (15-25 C for better battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (IP21 optional) EN 60068-2 RAL 7012, plastic front panels: metallic grey

153

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

5.2.3. Recommended protections


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model D curve circuit breaker (A) GG fuse (A)
(1)

EL10 32 32

EL15 32 32

EL20 40 40

EL10 32 32

EL15 32 32

EL20 40 40

EL30 63 63

EL40 80 80

EL60 125 125

EL80 160 160

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model Maximum I2t supported by the bypass (A2s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker (A) GG fuse(1) (A)
(1)

EL10

EL15 80000 4000

EL20

EL10

EL15 8000 1200

EL20

EL30

EL40

EL60

EL80

15000 1700 40 40 63 63 80 80

80000 125000 4000 125 125 5000 160 160

100 100

100 100

125 125

32 32

32 32

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model Input residual current circuit breaker RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output(4) Model Maximum inverter I t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker(4) (A) B curve circuit breaker(4) (A) High-speed fuse (A)
(4) 2

EL10

EL15

EL20

EL10

EL15

EL20

EL30

EL40

EL60

EL80

> 0.5 A Selective

EL10 1161 12 20 18

EL15 2547 16 32 18

EL20 4500 20 40 24

EL10 129 4 8 6

EL15 283 4 8 6

EL20 500 6 12 10

EL30 1133 10 20 12

EL40 1994 13 25 16

EL60 4330 < 20 < 32 < 32

EL80 7670 < 25 < 40 < 40

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) EL10 EL15 EL20 EL10 EL15 EL20 EL30 EL40 EL60 EL80 4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2) 4xCBD70 (95 mm2) 4xCBD35 (50 mm2)

4xCBD25 (35 mm2) 2xCBD25 (35 mm2) 4xCBD25 (35 mm2) 2xCBD25 (35 mm2)

4xCBD25 (35 mm2) 4xCBD25 (35 mm2) 4xCBD25 (35 mm2) 4xCBD25 (35 mm2)

(1) Cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size for parallel topologies. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) Must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by "n" times for series-parallel machines, with "n" equal to the number of parallel machines.

154

SPECIFICATIONS

5.3. Delphys EL
5.3.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (kVA) Active power (kW) Rated/maximum rectifier input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Rated/maximum bypass input current (EN 62040-3) (A) Inverter output current @ 230 V (A) P/N Maximum air flow (m /h) Sound level (dBA) (W) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) (kcal/h) (BTU/h) W (mm) Dimensions (with standard back-up time) Weight (kg) D (mm) H (mm) 860 6500 5600 22250 8500 7300 29000 1000 800 1930 1020
3

EL100 3/3 100 80 142/151 144/216 145 2000

EL120 3/3 120 96 177/182 174/216 173

EL160 3/3 160 128 228/242 216/232 231 2400 68 10200 8800 34950

EL200 3/3 200 160 300/382 290/450 289

15400 13200 52400

(1) Input current in bypass mode is single-phase. Consequently, the rated current of the neutral and of the phase common to the bypass is three times higher than the current drawn during normal operation by the rectifier. (2) In the case of single-phase distorting loads downstream of the UPS, when the bypass is in operation the neutral current can be 1.5-2 times higher than the phase current; this is due to the harmonic current distortion produced by the load itself, which is no longer corrected by the UPS rectifier as occurs in normal operation.

5.3.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Model Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Rated Frequency Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up Soft start EL100 EL120 EL160 EL200

380/400/415 V (208/220/240 V on request) -12% +15%(380 V) / 15% (400 V) / -15% +10% (415 V) 50/60 Hz 5 Hz 0.99 < 3% <In (no overcurrent) 50 A/sec (settable)

155

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Bypass Model Bypass frequency variation speed Bypass rated voltage Bypass rated frequency (selectable) Bypass frequency tolerance EL100 EL120 EL160 EL200

2 Hz/s (settable) Rated output voltage 10%

Electrical characteristics -Inverter Model Phase in/out Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated output frequency Autonomous frequency tolerance Load crest factor Voltage harmonic distortion Overload tolerated by the inverter (with mains power present) (1) other voltages on request Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model Double conversion efficiency (normal mode) Efficiency in Eco-Mode EL100 EL120 EL160 EL200 EL100 3/3 EL120 3/3 380/400/415 V EL160 3/3
(1)

EL200 3/3

Static: 1% Dynamic: (0-100% Pn) -4% +2% 50/60 Hz (selectable) 0.02% on mains power failure 3:1 < 2% on linear load < 4% with non linear load 125% x 10 min 150% x 1 min

93.5% at full load 98%

Electrical characteristics -Efficiency Model Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour EL100 EL120 EL160 EL200

-20 +70 C (-4-158 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 0 +35 C (32-95 F) (15-25 C for best battery life) 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (other IP as option) EN 60068-2 RAL 9006 (Grey Toyo)

156

SPECIFICATIONS

5.3.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Rectifier(2) Model D curve circuit breaker (A) GG fuse (A)
(1)

EL100 160 160

EL120 200 200

EL160 250 250

EL200 400 400

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - General bypass(2) Model Maximum I t supported by the bypass (A s) Icc max (A) D curve circuit breaker(1) (A) GG fuse (A)
(1) 2 2

EL100 250000 5000 200 200

EL120 250000 5000 250 250

EL160 640000 8000 400 400

EL200 640000 8000 400 400

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input residual current circuit breaker(3) Model Input residual current circuit breaker EL100 EL120 > 0.5 A EL160 EL200

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Output Model Maximum inverter I t at 100 ms (short-circuit in battery mode) (A2s) C curve circuit breaker(4) (A) High-speed fuse(4) (A)
2

EL100 38000 50 125

EL120 38000 50 125

EL160 112000 100 250

EL200 112000 100 250

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Terminals and cable section Model Rectifier terminals (maximum cable section) Bypass terminals (maximum cable section) Battery terminals (maximum cable section) Output terminals (maximum cable section) EL100 EL120 EL160 EL200

Copper bar 63x4 mm (2x120 mm) Copper bar 63x4 mm (2x120 mm) Copper bar 40x5 mm (2x240 mm) Copper bar 63x4 mm (2x120 mm)

(1) Cables must be selected 1.2 times larger than the recommended size for parallel topologies. (2) Rectifier protection alone should only be considered in the event of separate inputs; if the bypass and rectifier inputs are combined, the general input protection rating (bypass + rectifier) must reflect the recommended bypass or general protection rating. (3) Must be selective with residual current circuit breakers downstream of the UPS connected to the UPS output. If the bypass network is separate from the rectifier circuit, or in the event of parallel UPS, use a single residual current circuit breaker upstream of the UPS. (4) Selectivity of distribution after the UPS with inverter short-circuit current (short-circuit in battery mode). The rating of the protection can be increased by "n" times for series-parallel machines, with "n" equal to the number of parallel machines.

157

CPSS EMERGENCY 3-200 kVA

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 62040-2 (2nd ed.) Electromagnetic compatibility (Class A)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950-1 EN 62040-1-1 EN 50272-2 EN 60896-1 EN 60896-2 EN 60529 General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations (certified by TV SD) Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Vented types Stationary lead-acid batteries. General requirements and methods of test. Part 1: Valve-regulated types Degrees of protection provided by enclosures

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 62040-3 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

6.3. System and installation guidelines


Once installed in a system, the UPS will not alter the neutral conditions; this is because the neutral input terminal "N" is connected directly to output terminal "N1" inside the equipment. If the neutral condition of the system downstream of the UPS needs to be modified, it will be necessary to install the IP version or to use the isolation transformer option. The regulations refer to the unit (UPS) to which the manufacturer must comply with. The UPS engineer adhere's to current legislation for the specific electrical system (e.g. EN 60364).

158

STATYS
From 32 to 4000 A

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 2. FLEXIBILITY 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. ........................................................... Currents from 32 to 1800 A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neutral management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transformer Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 164 164 164

3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. Statys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 167 167 168 169 169 169 169 169 169

161

STATYS 32-4000 A

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right Static Transfer System (STS) for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

162

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
STATYS is a range of high performing STS designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances applications in the IT, telecom and industrial fields, such as enterprise servers, storage systems, networking equipment, telecommunications systems, diagnostic/ medical devices and industrial applications. Electrical specifications - Output 1-phase 3-phase STATYS STATYS STATYS 19 RACK Integrable Chassis (OEM) Cabinet 32 63 63 100 200 300 400 600 800 to 4000

Matrix table for model and A current rating

Each range has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system.

163

STATYS 32-4000 A

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Currents from 32 to 1800 A
Dimensions Model 19 Rack Range 32-63 A 63-100 A 200 A Integrable Chassis (OEM) 300-400 A 600 A 800-4000 A 200 A Cabinet 300-400 A 600 A 800-4000 A (1) Depth does not include handles (+40 mm) The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation: All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the door. The air inlet is at the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment can be placed alongside the UPS unit. Width (mm) 483 (19) 483 (19) 400 600 800 Contact the supplier 500 700 900 Contact the supplier Depth (mm) 747
(1)

Height (mm) 89 (2U) 483 (9U) 765 765 765 Contact the supplier 1925 1925 1925 Contact the supplier

648(1) 586 586 586 Contact the supplier 600(1) 600 600
(1) (1)

Contact the supplier

2.2. Neutral management


STATYS is well adapted to all electrical environments. For single-phase units, STATYS is available in 2-pole switching. For three-phase units, it is available in 3 or 4-poles switching. Built with fully rated thyristors, STATYS forces a short "make before break" neutral switching principle in order to keep the load reference and reduce the transfer time.

2.3. Transformer Management


In case of downstream transformer and asynchronous power, STATYS handles source switching which prevents untimely protection tripping, thanks to the ATSM system

164

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
STATYS can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signalling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides STATYS a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel. Models Ethernet TCP/IP embedded MODBUS TCP Slots available Interfaces on slots ADC (dry contact) Mail on alarm Serial RS485 Protection class CB(3)

Ethernet TCP/IP LCD Display

Rack (basic) Rack (pack) OEM (basic) OEM (pack) Cabinet (basic) Cabinet (pack) Standard Option - Not available

2(1) 2
(1)

HTML page

Dry contact embedded

ESD embedded

ADICOM

SNMP

4 4 4 4

For a description of the options, see glossary


(1) 1 slot available for 1-phase racks

3.2. Hardware equipment


Completely independent SCR branch
Redundant power supply on each SCR control board

SCR failure detection on phase(s) and neutral

Dual redundant Supply

Models Redundant power supply Redundant Micro controller

Protection class PC(2)

Double maintenance bypass

Redundant cooling (failure detection)

External backfeed protrection control.

Rack (basic) Rack (pack) OEM (basic) OEM (pack) Cabinet (basic) Cabinet (pack) Standard Option - Not available

(1)
(1)

Hot Swap

For a description of the options, see glossary


(1) The single phase includes backfeed protection isolation devices. (2) Class CB: STATYS with integrated input protection capable of breaking on specified short-circuit currents and containing integral over current protection; (3) Class PC: STATYS without internal input protection, is capable of withstanding specified short-circuit currents but its not intended for breaking short-circuit currents. Suitable protection shall be provided in the upstream distribution panel. 165

STATYS 32-4000 A

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


Connection to the mains power supply and to the load(s) must be made using cables of suitable size, in accordance with current standards. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the STATYS must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the STATYS, therefore installation engineers must install a residential current circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream of the STATYS using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Potential dispersion of current from utilities downstream of the STS should be added to that discharged from the STATYS, and it should also be noted that current peaks are also reached, albeit very briefly, during transitory phases. It is recommended to isolate the residual current circuit breaker by adding 5mA protection downstream of the STATYS on power lines to utilities. We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with a STATYS installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. If an external manual bypass is required, only the model supplied by the manufacturer must be installed. For the Integrable Chassis version, STATYS is able to manage the PDUs switches (input/output/maintenances bypasses) in order to protect against users miss-operation. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

166

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. Statys
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Model Phase in/out Rated power (A) Maximum current on neutral Crest factor Minimum air flow (m3/h) Sound level (dBA)
(W)

32 1/1 32 32

63 1/1 63 63

63 3/3 63 160

100 3/3 100 160

200 3/3 200 315

300 3/3 300 630

400 3/3 400 630

600 3/3 600 1000 3/3

800 to 4000 3/3 3/3 3/3

800 to 4000

< 3.5 26 26 < 45 80 69 272 184 160 628 340 293 1160 483 747 89 26 648 400 58 540 464 1843 26 26 553 60 1330 1147 4538 400 586 765 500 600 1930 70 195 642 56 1690 1457 5766 642 56 2530 2181 8632 627 54 3730 3216 12727 800 586 765 900 600 1930 130 345 Contact supplier

Dissipation at rated load(1)

kcal/h BTU/h

L (mm) Dimensions OEM / Rack D (mm) H (mm) L (mm) Dimensions CABINET D (mm) H (mm) Rack mounted Weight (kg) Rack OEM Cabinet

600 586 765 700 600 1930 105 270

167

STATYS 32-4000 A

(1) Worst case: - 4 pole switching - cabinet version with internal input protection - 4 wires - no linear load

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Operating range Model Rated mains supply voltage RMS voltage tolerance Tolerance to fast transients Rated Frequency Frequency tolerance Admitted Power Factor Admitted overload RACK 32-63 120-127 / 220-240 / 254 V (Ph+N or Ph+Ph) RACK 63-100 CABINET / OEM

208-220 / 380-415 / 440 V (3Ph+N or 3Ph) 10% (configurable) 25% (configurable) 50/60 Hz 5% (configurable) no restriction

110% for 60 minutes - 150% for 2 minutes

Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Model Performance RACK 32-63 RACK 63-100 99% CABINET / OEM

Electrical characteristics - Environment Model Storage temperature Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Colour IP31 Dark grey, door: light grey RACK CABINET -25 +70 C (-13 +158 F) 0 +40 C (32 +104 F) up to 50 C with derating 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP20 (cabinet), IP20 C (OEM) OEM

168

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all current laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EEC 89/336 IEC 62310-2 EMC Directive Static transfer systems : Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC)

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas IEC 62310-1 EN 60364-4 EN 60950-1 EN 60529 EN 60439-1 EEC 73/23 Static transfer systems : general safety requirements Electrical installations of buildings General and safety requirements for equipment used in operator access areas Degrees of protection provided by enclosures Low-voltage switches Low Voltage Directive

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test IEC 62310-3 Static transfer systems : Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

169

STATYS 32-4000 A

SHARYS IP
From 15 to 200 A

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 2. FLEXIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 2.1. Power ratings from 15 to 200 A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 2.2. Modular system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 3. SYSTEM INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. SHARYS IP Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2. SHARYS IP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.2. Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 179 179 179 180 181 181 181 182 183 183 183 183 183 183

173

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right SHARYS IP station for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

174

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
SHARYS IP is a full range of high performing rectifiers designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in mission critical telecom and industrial applications, telecommunications systems and industrial processes. Models(1) Input V 24 SHARYS IP Enclosure ED - 2 modules max. 230 V 1-phase 48 108 120 24 SHARYS IP Enclosure EX - 2 modules max. With input transformer 400 V 1-phase 48 108 120 230 V 1-phase 400 V 3-phase 24 48 108 120 24 400 V 3-phase 48 108 120 A 15 1x15 1x15 20 1x20 1x20 1x20 1x20 30 2x15 1x30 2x15 1x30 40 2x20 2x20 2x20 2x20 50 1x50 1x50 1x50 1x50 1x50 1x50 60 2x30 2x30 3x20 3x20 80 4x20 4x20 100 2x50 2x50 2x50 2x50 2x50 2x50 150 3x50 3x50 3x50 3x50 200 4x50 4x50 -

SHARYS IP System IS - 4 modules max.

SHARYS IP System IX - 3 modules max. With input transformer D/Yn 400 V / 400 V

Matrix table for model and current rating

(1) The value written in the cells means number of modules x power of the module Each family has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the product and to facilitate its integration within the system. SHARYS IP series rectifiers are independent modular units rated at 15, 20, 30 and 50 A which, in converting single phase AC into DC, use high frequency conversion technology. SHARYS IP rectifiers stand out for their power factor (close to 1), high conversion efficiency and very limited weight and footprint. They are built to allow for quick swapping out of the individual Power Station modules.

175

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 15 to 200 A
Dimensions Cabinet type SHARYS IP Enclosure ED SHARYS IP Enclosure EX SHARYS IP System IS SHARYS IP System IX Width [mm] 600 600 600 600 Depth [mm] 535 535 535 535 Height [mm] 8941254 8941254 1925 1925

The equipment has been designed with a minimum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the door. The air inlet is at the front, with outflow to the rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

2.2. Modular system


The modularity of the SHARYS IP system means that system power and redundancy can be increased simply by installing a supplementary rectifier module.

V out (VDC) I out (A) V batt (VDC) V in (VDC)

V out (VDC) I out (A) V batt (VDC) V in (VDC)

V out (VDC) I out (A) V batt (VDC) V in (VDC)

SHARYS IP Enclosure

SHARYS IP System

176

3. SYSTEM INTERFACE
3.1. Communication interfaces
SHARYS IP can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signalling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides SHARYS IP a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

Slot 1 / Slot 2 Dry contact card Serial 232 / 485 Net Vision TLC card Internal Batteries DC Distribution

SHARYS IP Enclosure ED SHARYS IP Enclosure EX SHARYS IP System IS SHARYS IP System IX Standard Option - Not available

Dry contact

Models

4 digit display

For a description of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware equipment

Coupling diodes

Models

sourge arrestor overvoltage cat III

Insulation monitoring device

Fuse on each battery pole

Module input protection

Output isolation

SHARYS IP Enclosure ED SHARYS IP Enclosure EX SHARYS IP System IS SHARYS IP System IX Standard Option - Not available

For a description of the options, see glossary

177

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

Power Share

LVD battery

IP 30

EPO

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


The network connection and connection of utilities must be done using cables of the appropriate size and compliant with regulations. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the SHARYS IP station must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the SHARYS IP station hence installation engineers must install a differential circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream the SHARYS IP station using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). Current peaks can occur during transients (loss and restoration of mains supply), although these will be of very short duration We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an SHARYS IP station installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

178

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. SHARYS IP Enclosure
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Models Phases in Number of rectifiers Output voltage (V) Output current (A)
(1)

Enclosure ED 1 2 24 100 18 352 303 30 12 196 169 669 48 60 20 370 318 1262 100 34 562 483 1918 108 40 30 420 361 1433 120 40 34 484 416 1651 24 100 12 370 318 1262 30 7 206 177 703

Enclosure EX

2 48 60 14 389 334 1327 100 24 591 508 2017 108 40 20 442 380 1508 120 40 24 509 438 1737

Rated inrush current (A) Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains power present and batteries charging) (W) (kcal/h)

(BTU/h) 1201 W (mm)

600 535 894 70 1254 85 105 1254 110

Dimensions

D (mm) H (mm)

Weight (without batteries) (kg) (1) With 2 modules installed.

5.1.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input Enclosure ED Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up 230 V Enclosure EX 400 V phase phase

20% (-50% at 40% of rated current) 47.5 to 63 Hz 0.99 EN 61000-3-3 compliant < In

Electrical characteristics - Output Enclosure ED Output voltage Output voltage with battery fully charged Output voltage tolerance Isolation towards input pulse overvoltage Dielectric strength Residual ripple with Iu >10% Admitted output overload 24/48/108/120 V DC 26.6 / 53.3 / 119.8 / 133.2 V Static: < 1% 4 kV 1.2/50 s 3 kV / 50 Hz / 60 sec (I/O) 2.5kV / 50Hz / 60sec (I/GND) 500V / 50Hz / 60sec (O/GND) < 50 mV rms 105% In Enclosure EX

179

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Efficiency Enclosure ED Efficiency Enclosure EX

90.5% to 93% depending on version

Electrical characteristics -Environment Enclosure ED Storage temperature Operating temperature Maximum relative humidity (non condensing) Maximum altitude without de-rating Degree of protection Colour -5 +50 C (23-122 F) 0 +45 C (32-104 F) up to 55 C at 60% Pmax 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP30 Dark Grey Enclosure EX

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input Models Phases in Output voltage (V) Output current (A) Automatic switch (A) - 230 V Automatic switch (A) - 2P 400 V Number of rectifiers 24 100 30 48 60 100 108 120 40 40 Enclosure ED 1 24 100 30 48 60 100 108 120 40 40 Enclosure EX

D20 C16 D20 D40 D32 D40 D20 D16 D20 D40 D32 D40 2 D20 D16 D20 D40 D32 D40 2

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Input residual current circuit breaker Models Earth leakage device Enclosure ED > 0.1 A Selective Enclosure EX

180

SPECIFICATIONS

5.2. SHARYS IP System


5.2.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Models Phases in Output voltage (V) Output current (A)
(1)

System IS 1+N 24 3+N 1+N 48 3+N 1+N 108 40 2 60 3 60 3+1 20 1 3+N 1+N 120 40 2 60 3 3+N 24

System IX 3 48 108 120 60 3

50 100 150 150 50 100 150 150 20 1 2 3 3+1 1 2 3 3+1 1

60 150 150 60 3+1 3 3 3

Number of rectifiers Power (kW) Rated inrush current (A)

1.6 3.2 4.8 4.9 3.2 6.4 9.6 9.7 2.9 5.7 8.6 8.7 3.2 6.4 9.6 9.7 3.6 7.2 6.5 14.4 9 18 9 18 17 34 17 34 15 30 15 30 17 34 17 34 9 17 15 17

(W) 205 428 627 630 322 630 926 932 237 448 654 662 270 519 756 765 815 1275 955 1099 Dissipation at rated load (minimum mains (kcal/h) 176 368 539 542 277 542 796 801 204 386 562 570 232 446 650 658 701 1096 822 945 power present and batteries charging) (BTU/h) 700 1460 2140 2150 1100 2150 3160 3180 810 1530 2230 2260 920 1770 2580 2610 2780 4350 3260 3750 Dimensions (L x D x H) (mm) Weight (kg) 600 x 535 x 1925 245 305

(1) The output current is the sum of the load and the battery recharge currents.

5.2.2. Electrical characteristics


Electrical characteristics - Input System IS Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up System IX

230 V (1ph version) / 3 x 400 V + N (3ph version) 20% (-50% at 40% of rated current) 47.5 to 63 Hz 0.99 EN 61000-3-3 compliant < In

Electrical characteristics - Output System IS Nominal output voltage Output voltage tolerance Isolation towards input pulse overvoltage Dielectric strength Residual ripple with Iu >10% Admitted output overload 24/48/108/120 V DC Static: <1% 4 kV 1.2/50 s 3 kV / 50 Hz / 60 sec (I/O) 2.5 kV / 50 Hz / 60 sec (I/GND) 500 V / 50 Hz / 60 sec (O/GND) < 50 mV rms 105% In System IX

181

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Environment System IS Storage temperature Operating temperature Maximum relative humidity (non condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Colour -5 +50 C (23-122 F) 0 +45 C (32-104 F) up to 55 C at 60% Pmax 95% 1000 m (3300 ft) IP30 Dark Grey System IX

5.2.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input Models Phases in Output voltage (V) Output current (A) 1+N 24 3+N 1+N 48 System IS 3+N 1+N 108 40 60 D32 2 3 3+1 60 20 C20 1 2 3+N 1+N 120 40 60 D32 3 3+1 3 3+N 24 System IX 3 48 108 120 60

50 100 150 150 50 100 150 150 20 D20 2 3 3+1 C20 1 2 D32 3 3+1 C20 1

60 150 150 60 D32 3 3

Automatic switch (A) - 230 V C16 Number of rectifiers 1

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Input residual current circuit breaker Models Earth leakage device System IS > 0.1 A Selective System IX

182

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 61204-3 EN 61000-6-2 EN 61000-6-4 Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Part 3: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC); Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments; Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-4: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments;

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950 EN 61204 Safety of information technology equipment Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Performance characteristics and safety requirements.

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 61204 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

183

SHARYS IP 15-200 A

SHARYS
From 7.5 to 600 A

INDEX
1. ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 1.1. Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 2. FLEXIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 2.1. Power ratings from 7.5 to 600 A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 2.2. Modular system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 3. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 3.1. Communication interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 3.2. Hardware equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 5. SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1. SHARYS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.1. Installation parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.2. Rectifier module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1.3. Recommended protection devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3. Type and performances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 193 193 193 195 196 196 196 196 196 196

187

SHARYS 7.5-600 A

PURPOSE
The aim of these specifications is to provide: the information required to choose the right power station for a specific application. the information required to prepare the system and installation site.

The specifications are intended for: installation engineers. design engineers. engineering consultants.

188

1. ARCHITECTURE
1.1. Range
SHARYS is a complete range of high performing rectifiers systems designed to protect critical and sensitive appliances in telecom and industrial applications, telecommunications systems and industrial processes. Models 30 SHARYS MICRO SHARYS MINI SHARYS ELITE
Matrix table for model and current rating

60

75

100

120

200

270

420

450

600

Each range has been specifically designed to meet the demands of loads in specific application contexts, in order to optimise the features of the unit and to facilitate its integration within the system. SHARYS rectifiers are independent modular units rated at 7.5, 15, 30 and 50 A which, in converting single phase AC into 48 V DC, use high frequency conversion technology. SHARYS rectifiers are an effective choice for their power factor (close to 1), high conversion efficiency, very limited weight and small footprint. They are built to allow for quick swapping out of the individual Power Station modules.

189

SHARYS 7.5-600 A

2. FLEXIBILITY
2.1. Power ratings from 7.5 to 600 A
Dimensions Cabinet type SHARYS MICRO SHARYS MINI SHARYS ELITE SHARYS ELITE H Width [mm] 48.5 (19) 48.5 (19) 600 600 Depth [mm] 500 500 600 600 Height [mm] 262 (6U) 524 (12U) 1400 1800

The equipment has been designed with a MINImum direct and indirect footprint (the actual space occupied by the unit and the space required around it for maintenance, ventilation and access to the operating mechanisms and communication devices). The careful design also provides easy access for maintenance and installation. All of the control mechanisms and communication interfaces are located in the upper front part and can be accessed from the door. The cooling air inlet is at the front, with outflow from the top/rear only; this means other equipment or external battery enclosures can be placed alongside the UPS unit.

2.2. Modular system


The modularity of the SHARYS system means that system power and redundancy can be increased simply by installing a supplementary rectifier module.

SHARYS MICRO and MINI

SHARYS ELITE

190

3. ACCESSORIES
3.1. Communication interfaces
SHARYS can manage various serial, contact and Ethernet communication channels at the same time. The various cards and signalling accessories can be housed in the communication slots mounted as standard on all models. This provides SHARYS a highly flexible interface for the purposes of integration at a later stage after installation, also in terms of hot switching and with no need for specialist personnel.

TLC VisionPro & JNC

SHARYS MICRO SHARYS MINI SHARYS ELITE Standard Option - Not available

Easy relay

Models

For a description of the options, see glossary

3.2. Hardware equipment

Insulation monitoring device

Fuse on each battery pole

Battery fuse on each pole

Double battery protection

Module input protection

Coupling diodes

SHARYS MICRO SHARYS MINI SHARYS ELITE Standard Option - Not available

DC Distribution

Models

5A no voltage contacts

General input breaker

Isolation transformer

Neutral generator

Internal Batteries

LVD battery

LVD load

EMD combined with Net Vision

Slot 1 / Slot 2 NetVision card & JNC 16x2 LCD display Serial 232/485

Module 1 slot

Module 2 slot

Modem

For a description of the options, see glossary

191

SHARYS 7.5-600 A

4. INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROTECTION


The network connection and connection of utilities must be done using cables of the appropriate size and compliant with regulations. If not already present, an electrical control station which can isolate the network upstream of the SHARYS system must be installed. This electrical control station must be equipped with a circuit breaker of an appropriate rating for the power draw at full load, and a residual current circuit breaker. Current flowing to earth varies depending on the size of the SHARYS system hence installation engineers must install a differential circuit breaker of an appropriate rating upstream the SHARYS system using a selective model (not sensitive to transitory currents). We also recommend checking first for any earth leakage current with an SHARYS system installed and running at the final load to prevent any untimely tripping of the breakers. See the relevant table for the data on the cable size and safety devices required. For detailed information, see the installation and operating manual.

192

5. SPECIFICATIONS
5.1. SHARYS
5.1.1. Installation parameters
Installation paramenters Models Input voltage (V) Output current (A) Power (kW) Rated inrush current (A) 1ph 3ph 30 1.6 10 SHARYS MICRO 230 1ph 60 3.2 20 358 307 100 5.4 32 563 484 SHARYS MINI 230 1ph or 400 3ph+N 75 4 25 10 472 406 120 6.4 40 20 656 564 200 13.5 64 32 1073 922 30 1.6 10 220 189 750 60 3.2 20 358 307 100 5.4 32 563 484 SHARYS ELITE 230 1ph or 400 3ph+N 120 6.4 40 20 656 564 200 13.5 64 32 270 14.4 30 420 22.4 50 450 24.3 50 600 32.4 80

(W) 220 Dissipation at rated load (MINImum mains (kcal/h) 189 power present and batteries charging) (BTU/h) 750 W (mm) Dimensions Dimensions (SHARYS ELITE H) Weight (kg) Weight (SHARYS ELITE H) (kg) D (mm) H (mm) H (mm) 20 -

1073 1413 1865 2603 3640 922 1215 2169 2238 3130

1220 1920 1610 2240 3660 266 500 266 20 20 25 524 500 533 25 25 -

1220 1920 2240 3660 4820 7400 8880 12420 600 600 1400

72 72 87 72 87 82 97

1800 82 97 135 150 135 150 145 160 145 160

5.1.2. Rectier module


Electrical characteristics - Input SH400W48 Rated mains supply voltage Voltage tolerance (ensuring battery recharge) Frequency tolerance Power factor (input at full load and rated voltage) Total harmonic distortion (THDi) Max inrush current at start-up 0.98 SH800W48 SH1600W48 230 V 20% (-40% at 60% of rated power) 47.5 to 63 Hz 0.99 EN 61000-3-2 compliant < In SH2700W48

193

SHARYS 7.5-600 A

SPECIFICATIONS

Electrical characteristics - Output SH400W48 Rated output voltage (selectable) Output voltage tolerance Rated current (A) Isolation towards input pulse overvoltage Dielectric strength Residual ripple with Iu >10% Admitted output overload 7.5 15 4 kV 1.2/50 s 3 kV/ 50 Hz / 60 sec (I/O) 2.5 kV / 50 Hz / 60 sec (I/GND) 500 V / 50 Hz / 60 sec (O/GND) < 50 mV rms 105% In SH800W48 SH1600W48 SH2700W48

48 V DC Static: < 1% 30 50

Electrical specification - Efficiency SH400W48 Efficiency 90% SH800W48 SH1600W48 91% SH2700W48

Electrical characteristics - Environment SH400W48 Storage temperatures Working temperature Maximum relative humidity (non-condensing) Maximum altitude without derating Degree of protection Portability Colour SH800W48 SH1600W48 SH2700W48

-5 +50 C (23-122 F) 0 +45 C (32-104 F) up to 55 C at 60% Pmax 95% 1000m (3300ft) IP20 EN 60068-2 Dark Grey

194

SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.3. Recommended protection devices


RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Input Model Input voltage Rated current C curve automatic switch (A) Number of rectifiers Protection on input of individual rectifier (A) (Gg fuse) GG Station fuse (A) SHARYS MICRO 230 V 1ph SHARYS MINI 230 V 1ph 400 V 3ph+N 230 V 1ph 200 32 4 20 SHARYS ELITE 400 V 3ph+N 270 30 9 10 420 50 14 10 450 50 9 20 600 80 14 20

30 60 100 75 120 200 75 120 200 30 60 100 120 200 120 10 20 32 25 40 64 10 20 32 10 20 32 40 64 2 6 2 2 5 6 4 4 5 6 4 4 2 6 2 2 4 4 20 4 10 -

10 20 -

10 20 -

10 20 -

10 20 10 20 -

50 4P 63 4P 63 4P 100 4P

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - Input residual current circuit breaker Model Input residual current circuit breaker SHARYS MICRO SHARYS MINI > 0.1 A Selective SHARYS ELITE > 0.5 A Selective

RECOMMENDED PROTECTION DEVICES - Battery Model Phase in Rated current 22x58 battery fuse SHARYS MICRO 1ph (230 V) SHARYS 1ph (230 V) 200 3ph (3x400 V +N) 75 120 200 1ph (230 V) 30 60 100 120 200 120 200 SHARYS ELITE 3ph (3x400 V +N) 270 420 450 600

30 60 100 75 120

40 63 125 80 2x 80 2x 125 80 2x 50 2x 125 40 63 125 2x 80 2x 125 2x 80 2x 125 315 NH2 500 NH3 500 NH3 630 NH3

195

SHARYS 7.5-600 A

6. REFERENCE STANDARDS AND DIRECTIVES


6.1. Overview
The construction of the equipment and choice of materials and components comply with all applicable laws, decrees, directives and standards currently in force. In particular, the equipment is fully compliant with all European Directives concerning CE marking. 2006/95/EC Council Directive 2006/95/EC, dated 16 February 2007, on the reconciliation of legislation within Member States regarding electrical material for use within specific voltage ranges. 2004/108/EC On the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility

6.2. Standards
6.2.1. Electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility Provisions (EMC) EN 61204-3 EN 61000-6-2 EN 61000-6-4 EN 61000-3-3 Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Part 3: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC); Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments; Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-4: Generic standards - Immunity for industrial environments; Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-3: Limits - Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current 16A per phase and not subject to conditional connection.

6.2.2. Safety
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas EN 60950 EN 61204 Safety of information technology equipment Low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output - Performance characteristics

6.2.3. Type and performances


Performance requirements and methods of test EN 61204 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS). Methods of specifying the performance and test requirements

196

Te r m s a n d a c c e s s o r i e s

Glossary

GLOSSARY
ACS
Automatic Cross Synchronisation (ACS) is an option which can be integrated into the machine without adding external enclosures and which synchronises the output voltage with an exter nal source or with another stand-alone UPS (single or parallel system, SOCOMEC or other brands).

ADC
The Advanced Dry Contact (ADC) circuit board is an interface fitted with programmable dry contacts. It consists of up to four n ormally open or normally closed outputs and up to three digital inputs, all fully configurable. Up to four operating modes can be selected.

ADVANCED TRANSFORMER SWITCHING MANAGEMENT (ATSM)


Advanced switching management of downstream transformers for static transfer systems. If the upstream network has no distributed neutral cable, two upstr eam transformers or one downstream transformer can be added to create a neutral reference point at the output. For the downstr eam solution, STATYS (thanks to ATSM) correctly manages the switching to limit inrush current and avoid the risk of spurious breaks. STS Lambda
Output voltage Tensione di uscita

STATYS
Output voltage Tensione di uscita

Power supply 1 1 Alimentazione

STS

Carico Load

Alimentazione Power supply1 1

Alimentazione 2 Power supply 2

Alimentazione 1 Power supply 1

Alimentazione Power supply 22

Alimentazione Power supply 2 2


Output current Corrente di uscita Point of di measurement Punto misura
STATY_039_A_BW STATY_042_A_BW STATY_043_A_BW

Corrente di uscita Output current

Alimentazione Power supply11

Alimentazione 2 Power supply 2

Alimentazione Power supply 1 1

Alimentazione 2 Power supply 2

ADICOM
Adicom is an application-driven interface. It supports all of the most common communication interfaces and pr otocols and incorporates a clear and intuitive colour display. As a system which is open to futur e installations and applications, it is mor e than just a communication interface. The option to install applications is a departure from conventional mimic panels or communication interfaces: it represents an evolution from the transmission of numbers to the transmission of information alr eady processed by a bespoke system. Furthermore, considering that 70% of faults are due to human error, Adicom contributes to a reduction in downtime due to its ease of use. With just a few clicks, Adicom provides access to all commands and shows the corr ect procedure for each operation with simple pictographs. Which reduces the margin for human error and increases the availability of the power supply. To ensure the right measures are taken, the interface's communication capabilities ensure prompt notification of any abnormal events. The user-friendly interface interacts with the operator via: high definition colour graphic display with intuitive navigation; mimic diagrams providing status/alarm and clear operator guide lines.

12:30

10:30

199

DRWMASGP0-0011

STATY_040_A_BW

GLOSSARY

STS

0.0 kVA Eco 1025kVA ON PREFERRED NORMAL

UPS ON INVERTER

Eco

1025kVA

GLOSSARY

ALWAYS ON MODE
Always On Mode mode combines the benefits of high ef ficiency with active filtering of harmonics reflected onto the power supply network from the distorting load. Under normal operating conditions, the utility is supplied dir ectly from the emergency supply via the automatic bypass, while t he inverter provides the contribution needed to compensate for the harmonics produced by the load.

AUTOMATIC RETRANSFER
In case of supply from the alternate sources, when the preferred source is restored, the STS must automatically retransfer the load back after a delay of 3 seconds. The system must try to retransfer to the preferred source in the best conditions. For specific operating conditions, the automatic retransfer can be disabled via the user settings. In this case, the transfer h as to be performed manually by the operator. If the alternate source disappears before the manual retransfer, an automatic transfer must switch the load to the preferred source Automatic retransfer must be activated by default and is configurable by the operator . This function can be delayed by the oper ator on each device in the case of multiple STS systems.

BHC Universal - BHC Interactive


BHC Universal (Battery Health Check), a stand-alone battery monitoring system that pr ovides permanent monitoring of the battery system and simplifies maintenance (either pr eventative or curative). When connected to a SOCOMEC UPS, it becomes BHC Interactive and interacts proactively with the battery charger, to optimise battery lifetime. BHC Universal continually provides: battery scanning and analysis: one BHC Universal box can monitor up to 7 batteries of 8 strings. It scans the current per string, block voltages and ambient temperatures every 10 seconds, collecting data continually and performing accurate analysis for a complete diagnostic forecast of batteries, battery strings and battery blocks, local data monitoring: thanks to the graphic touch scr een and general status bar, BHC Universal allows a clear and ergonomic view of each battery diagnostic (i.e. condition, discharge, measur ements, alerts, statistics, historical data, battery informat ion). Information is displayed as coloured tables and can be easily sorted to display pertinent information, remote data monitoring: when connected to a LAN network, BHC Universal allows access to all functionalities and displaying information from a remote workstation, warning alerts: depending on the battery condition analysis, BHC Universal automatically generates different alert levels (i.e. block preventive alerts, battery string preventive alerts, battery alerts, etc.). Alerts are displayed on the touch screen and sent to the user via notification and programmable dry contacts, allowing the scheduling of preventive maintenance, BHC Interactive includes the above mentioned features and operates directly with the UPS battery recharging system (EBS) to: optimise battery capacity and maximise battery life and return on investment, increase charger precision: the UPS charger is able to adapt the r echarge parameters according to all the information collected by BHC Interactive. Such corrective actions aim to standardise cell behaviour to improve battery lifetime, automatic battery testing: when required, BHC Interactive and the UPS perform an automatic battery test. The UPS calibrates slow, safe discharge while BHC Interactive collects data and analyses cell blocks, proactive measures: when a block starts to weaken, BHC Interactive and the UPS perform an automatic pr ocedure to recover the block before it is totally unusable, and to enhance global battery capacity .

BSCM
Battery String Current Monitoring (BSCM) is an alternative to the BHC. It can check between 2 and 6 battery strings. It collect s the currents of each string, analyses the data and detects faulty or open battery strings. In the event of a problem, the BSCM reports an alarm with an accurate fault description to the user . This device does not necessarily require the graphic touch screen as it is also compatible with the standard panel.

200

GLOSSARY

BYPASS
Distributed. The simplest solution for installation and updating. Each UPS incorporates its own bypass. This ar chitecture is particularly suited to unscheduled upgrades, or to upgrades in successive stages, by means of the parallel configuration of the UPS units. This config uration enables power output to be increased and is suitable for N + 1 r edundancy. Upgrades can also be performed without switchin g off the installation.

Centralised. The ideal solution for system r edundancy and planned power upgrades. The automatic and maintenance bypass functions ar e centralised. The static bypass has a high short-circuit capacity.

Double C5. This configuration brings an optimised redundant power supply with two independent outputs to separate applications (for exampl e to two computer rooms). The UPS modules are connected in parallel with two bypasses, all of which ar e rated for overall power. Operation is simplified, making it possible to: manage two independent applications, upgrade easily, limit the risks of mutual disturbance between the loads, simplify maintenance of the complete system by supplying the applications through UPS.

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Multi C5. This configuration allows the operation of different applications to be separated and makes upgrading easier. This unique solution consists of multiple independent bypasses. They can either be located close to the UPS or to the supplied loads. The multi-bypa ss architecture allows: each bypass to be calibrated according to the applications downstream, easy and flexible power upgrading, selective load shedding, favouring the most critical applications, individual maintenance operations on each circuit.

201

GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

DUAL BATTERY
Dual Battery is a construction topology used for the DC/DC converter . It refers to an innovative technology whereby energy is drawn from two separate independent battery strings in the event of a power failur e. Compared to the conventional configuration consisting of a single battery string with the central point connected to neutral, batteries in dual systems ar e arranged in two equivalent but totally separate strings. Even if one battery string fails (e.g. due to a faulty block) the equipment can still function withhe t other battery string providing sufficient ride-through power to the load, albeit for a shorter duration. The potential of this concept is max imised in parallel configurations where each equipment unit adopts the Dual Battery solution. Conventional UPS UPS with Dual Battery
Fault

Fault

DEFYS_026_A_BW

TBK000023

OK

EBS
Expert Battery System (EBS) is a system which manages the battery charger. It responds to the working temperature to preserve battery life and reduce operating costs. Battery reliability depends on several variables: the working temperatur e, the installation environment, the number of charge and discharge cycles. Consequently it is important to intr oduce systems that can manage these variables in order to limit their impact on the UPS life cycle. Premature ageing causes: corrosion: battery overcharge or high working temperature, sulfation: low charge voltage or long storage time, passivation: frequent charge/discharge cycles (cycling) resulting in capacity loss. EBS allows for: automatic selection of the recharging method according to environmental and battery conditions, elimination of overloading due to permanent floating, which accelerates the corrosion of the positive plates, isolation of the battery from the DC bus, thanks to the charger function which is separate from the rectifier, protection against deep discharge, management of different types of batteries (sealed, open lead-acid and nickel-cadmium batteries), real-time calculation of the remaining back-up time, real-time measurements concerning the battery (voltage, battery current and battery capacity), a periodic battery test for monitoring battery efficiency and for programming preventive or corrective maintenance in the case of abnormal situations. Tests carried out by SOCOMEC UPS on several brands of batteries, together with years of experience, show that battery life can be enhanced by up to 30% with the use of EBS compared to a traditional battery management system.

202

TBK000024

GLOSSARY

Method of charging as a function of temperature


Floating Method Intermittent Method
Self discharge Auto scarica

Tensione batteria Battery voltage

Battery charger off Caricabatterie spento

T on
Corrente Battery di ricarica voltage I1 I2 2.35 V/ el Umax Umin

Tempo Time tensione Voltage corrente Current

T off
Threshold Temperatura temperature di soglia

Tempo Time

ECO-MODE
Eco-Mode increases efficiency as under normal operating conditions the utility is supplied dir ectly from the emergency supply via the automatic bypass. The static UPS system remains on standby to replace the supply in the event of a failure.

EMD
Environment Module Device (EMD) is a device to be used in conjunction with NET VISION with the following featur es: temperature and humidity measurements + 2 contact alarms, can be managed remotely from 2 to 15 metres, alarm thresholds configurable via Web browser, notification of environmental alarm via e-mail and SNMP traps.

ENERGY SAVER
The Energy Saver system allows for optimum energy management in redundant configuration. Only UPS units needed to supply the energy required by the applications are in operation. Redundancy is nevertheless ensured by maintaining an additional unit in operation. The other units remain on standby ready to operate. If the load's absorption demand increases, the inverters needed for the greater supply cut in with zero response time. This type of operation is perfectly suited to applications subject to frequent variations in power. The Energy Saver function enables the increased efficiency of the whole system to be maintained.
The load is shared by all the UPS Two UPS in operation and two UPS standing by

TBK000025

203

DEFYS_100_B_IT_BW

GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

FLOATING AND TWO-LEVEL CHARGE


Lead-acid, sealed and open-vented batteries are extremely sensitive to the temperatures in which they operate. Charge algorithms exist which reduce the effect of these temperatures. In addition to the EBS system, SOCOMEC UPS offers floating and "two-level" mixed charging. Its characteristics are illustrated below.
Normally used in conventional (lead-acid) batteries Normally used in sealed batteries

I : Amp

V : Volt

V : Volt

Capacit ricaricata % C10 Recharged capacity %C10 75% 105%

I : Amp

Capacit ricaricata C10 Recharged capacity% %C10 50% 85% 90%

0,15 C10 2,4 2,23 V

0,1 C10

2,23

0,03

C10 I
TBK000020

0,03

10

15

Tempo (ore) Time (hours)

10

15

Tempo (ore) Time (hours)

FLYWHEEL
Flywheel is a system for storing mechanical energy . It can be used as a r eplacement or a supplement for conventional batteries connected directly to the DC bus. Flywheel stores kinetic energy in a high-speed, carbon/glass fibre composite rotor which rotates in a vacuum levitating on magnetic bearings. It virtually eliminates electricity loss and e r quires minimal maintenance, so gives greater long-term pay-back. The flywheel is driven in rotation by a reluctance motor which, in the event of a mains power failure, changes to generator operating mode. Like a chemical battery bank, it r eceives recharge and float power from the UPS system's DC bus and returns power whenever the DC bus voltage drops below a programmable threshold level. Flywheel completely eliminates the need for batteries by providing continuous ride-through power for short duration outages or until a standby generator can come on-line. A single unit can supply loads up to 190 kW for 12.5 seconds. Flywheel can be paralleled without restriction for increased ride-through and/or power.
POWER (kW)
1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 5 10 15
5
4

yw he els ywh eels

3 yw
2 yw

heels

heels
VSS_003_C_IT_BW

1 ywheel

20

25

30

35

40

BACKUP TIME (s)

Flywheel is an ideal solution providing clean ride-through power for efficient, flexible and trouble-free operation. Advantages of using Flywheel include: extreme reliability, high efficiency 99.8%, minimal and simple maintenance, long service life (> 20 years), compact footprint < 0,5 m2, quick charging (20 seconds). quiet operation easy to use cabinet enclosure with castors for easy positioning no floor overload units can be paralleled together to achieve higher power output, longer ride-through duration front maintenance access environmentally friendly Designed for a life in excess of 20 years, it impr oves the global reliability of the UPS and reduces the global lifecycle cost (savings of 70% over 10 years, with an attractive Return On Investment).
204

TBK000021

GLOSSARY

Sample usage configurations include: Flywheel system is connected to the DC bus and supplies power to the UPS whenever the mains voltage strays outside specified tolerance margins. It is therefore able to provide protection against 99.5% of power disturbances;

Flywheel system provides the UPS with sufficient ride-through to bridge to a standby generator;
GS

In parallel with batteries, the Flywheel system pr ovides battery protection by taking care of short disturbances and preserving battery capacity for longer disturbances. This also extends the batteries' life expectancy by reducing frequent short battery cycling;

Multiple Flywheel units connected in parallel can achieve increased power output and longer ride-through duration.

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205

GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

GRAPHIC TOUCH SCREEN


A colour graphic touch screen is available on request. It is a user-friendly interface which ensures safe operation of the UPS and provides a global overview of the system. The mimic diagram is interactive and intuitive and shows a quick overview of the whol e equipment. Direct access through the mimic to the main functions such as the event log, graphic r eports and the interactive help menu makes using the controls easier and safer. Remote monitoring is available via LAN connection, interface included in the gr aphic touch screen.

ON INVERTER

Normal Mode

10:24:56 30/11/08

UPS

GREEN POWER
The Green Power range is designed to supply the latest-generation leading servers without over rating the UPS power . Significant cost savings (TCO): - maximum energy savings thanks to 96% output ef ficiency (reduced energy loss and requirements for air conditioning systems, significant savings in operational and energy bills), - 0.9 power factor and harmonic content avoid over rating the supply system (i.e. switches, generator sets and pr otection devices), - highly compact UPS and battery cabinet (reduced footprint) saves valuable floor space. More high quality power for latest-generation leading IT loads: - 12% more active power, - High active power, and without derating up to a power factor value of 0.9. Clean rectifier, for a reduced upstream installation and reduced input current: - optimal gen-set size and transformer, - minimum upstream protection and cable sizing, - the overall installation power is noticeably improved in terms of capacity and quality. Reduces costs and helps to save the environment: - reduced energy loss and requirement of air conditioning systems, - highest efficiency performance on the market up to 96% over a wide range of uses, - excellent input power factor and harmonic content avoid the over rating of the supply system, - EBS (Expert Battery System) manages the charging method based to increase the battery lifetime, - extremely compact footprint (high power density) to leave the server room to the servers, - CO2 emissions are reduced by 45%, - minimised amount of battery cabinets needed for an equivalent back-up time.

GSS
The Global Supply System (GSS) is a card for communication with generating sets. It consists of 4 inputs (external contacts) and 1 output (60V). This makes it possible to program specific management procedures which ensure the complete compatibility of the UPS with the generating sets.

206

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GLOSSARY

ICM2 SYSTEM CONCENTRATOR


In parallel configurations, each system equipped with an ICM2 (Intelligent Communication Module) can be used to view or monitor the entire system on any display. With the Intelligent Communication Module, all options and external communication accessories required for monitoring and fault-finding over the entire system (NetVision, ADC board or GSS, etc.) can be connected to a single UPS. ICM functions relate exclusively to the display of data and communication (one way) with the control electronics of the parallel configuration to prevent any single points of failure.

JNC
The UPS back-up time might not always be long enough to cover the whole period of outage. In this case the best way to proceed is to save data and correctly shutdown the machines before the complete absence of the supply. The client is a small software application to be installed in the remote computers. It shows data and executes commands sent by UniVision, Adicom or NetVision via the LAN network. Clients can be native for every single operating system (OS), or multi-OS and with more advanced features such as "JAVA & .NET Shutdown client" (JNC). The latter has been developed by SOCOMEC UPS on a JRE platform.

NET VISION
NET VISION is a communication and management interface designed for business networks. The UPS behaves exactly like a networked peripheral, it can be managed remotely and allows the shutdown of the workstation/server. The main specifications and functions are as follows: 10 / 100 Mb Ethernet connection (RJ 45), UPS monitoring screen via a Web browser, remote shutdown of workstations, notification of faults via email to up to 8 addresses, UPS management via SNMP protocol, monitoring of the installation environment (optional EMD temperature and humidity sensor), configurable alarm activation, notification via email, suitable for remote maintenance service T.SERVICE.

Remote control via SNMP Ethernet network

Mail server

In STS systems, the "on-the-fly" transfer mode is necessary to allow the operator to perform a synchronous transfer from the control panel when the two power sources are not permanently synchronous and the respective phases slowly diverge. The "on-the-fly" transfer function must also be usable during automatic retransfer, to revert to the preferred source as soon as it is in better conditions than the alternative source. The STS must transfer exactly when the source phase shift is below the preset tolerance window (which is adjustable).

207

GLOSSARY

"ON-THE-FLY" TRANSFER

LOGIC_003_B_IT_BW

Remote shutdown workstation/server with JNC

Remote monitoring with Web browser

GLOSSARY

PARALLEL KIT
Parallel kits contain all of the components necessary for installing equipment units in parallel configurations. This can be an ything from a cable to a cabinet, depending on the power and model of the UPS. Contact SOCOMEC UPS for further details on the different solutions offered.

PFC
Power Factor Correction (PFC) is based on IGBT rectifier technology (Pulse Width Modulation). This cutting-edge technology ensures "clean" and perfectly sinusoidal current draw. It does not pollute the upstream power source since the input current has exceptionally low harmonic distortion (THDI < 3%). Mor eover, thanks to a power factor close to 1 (FP > 0.99), the absorbed input power kVA) ( is reduced by 30% compared to traditional technologies (six-phase or twelve-phase rectifiers) and in any operating condition, with charged or discharged battery. Input current draw is therefore reduced, with resulting benefits in terms of sour ce and connection cable ratings. PFC systems do not require additional options for harmonic compensation or complex corr ection devices such as harmonic filters, which are essential for the most commonly used technologies. Unlike solutions with passive LC r esonant filter, there is no risk of r esonance either with harmonic filters or with the power factor correction capacitors that may already exist within the system. Furthermore, PFC technology makes the UPS system perfectly compatible with generating sets without having to overrate the system.

REDUNDANT MICROPROCESSOR
In the case of mission-critical applications where system availability is fundamental, the equipment and all other components must be redundant intelligent. For the highest availability, even in the event of a control failure, the microprocessor can be redundant so that the system will not interrupt the power supply and full communication capacity will be maintained.

C2 1 C1 1

REDUNDANT SUPPLY AND DUAL REDUNDANT SUPPLY


A Static Transfer System for "redundant supply" is a redundant electronic power supply connected to each source that powers the control boards. The term "dual redundant supply" indicates the presence of a second redundant power supply in addition to the first one described above. If one power supply control board should fail, it enables internal redundancy to be maintained even with a single power source.

2 1 1

C1

208

TBK000028

TBK000029

GLOSSARY

REMOTE MIMIC PANEL


Remote interface with graphic display which enables the UPS to be monitor ed and the main operational data to be displayed. Communication with the user can take place in English, Italian, French, Spanish, German, Russian and Chinese. It is possible to display the system's operating status, check the UPS status and view the events log.

REMOTE VIEW
Remote View is an application used to monitoring simultaneously up to 1024 devices equipped with NET VISION car d or box through the LAN or the Internet. Users are provided with tree-view (hierarchy structure can have up to 8 levels) and listview. When an alarm happens in some monitor ed UPS, (trapevent), icon that r epresent UPS will change to dif ferent colours according to the severity level, sending email to several addressees which has been set in program configuration dialog window. In case the program works in background a popup message appears. Input and output voltages, battery capacity and load per centage are continuously monitored by Remote View program. Plant supervisors technician can have all the UPS under control in the same program window.

LAN

AP RIL

MAY JU NE

Ne

tw

ork

WAN

LAN

AP RIL

MAY JU NE

Ne

tw

AP RIL

ork

MA Y

JU

NE

1
REMOTE VIEW
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SCR - INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF THE SILICON CONTROL RECTIFIER


Technology integrated in the Static Transfer System with individual, separate and autonomous control boards on each SCR path, increasing the redundancy and fault tolerance of each SCR path. Physical separation between source 1 and source 2 SCRs prevents mutual disturbance.

2 1

C1

2 1

TBK000022

209

GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

T.SERVICE
T.SERVICE is a remote telephone or web-based surveillance method that ensur es a real-time diagnosis 24/7/365. The UPS automatically sends reports to the Service Centre on a regular basis or when a fault is detected. Depending on the monitored parameters, the notification can be due to: wrong usage - the customer is contacted by a skilled engineer and guided thr ough some simple actions to carry out simple action s to prevent the condition worsening, existing fault - the customer is informed of the device's state and engineers ar e promptly sent to visit the site. T.SERVICE benefits: 24/7/365 monitoring, prevention and early fault detection, reduced human dependence with consequential risk and cost reduction, regular status reports, automatic repair service activation, remote assistance by skilled engineers, in-depth knowledge of the plant. T.SERVICE can also monitor the energy supply to critical electrical installations by sending periodic e r ports which enable the installation's event history to be updated, with a view to a more detailed analysis at a later date. Such reports help build a clearer picture of energy usage that could be used for futur e updates/designs or for advising on powe r quality enhancement. The type of connection available between the UPS and the Service Centr e is via telephone by means of GSM modem (two-way communication).

Maintenance

EC M O C SO PS U e ic rv Se
Incorrect usage Repair

DIA

Cable telephone network

Technical report

G RE NOS PO TIC RT

e tr en C

Fault T.SERVICE station SMS

Analog Modem

GSM network

GSM Modem

210

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er m to us C te si

GLOSSARY

UNI VISION
UNI VISION software allows the UPS to be managed from a workstation or server. The UPS can also be monitored from the other stations connected to the local network when exists. The main functions are as follows: - local and remote UPS monitoring using an internet browser, - automatic shutdown of local workstations or servers on which UNI VISION runs, - events data log (status changes and alarms), - notification of faults via e-mail to up to 8 addresses.

Workstation/server with UNI VISION installed (shutdown and display) RS232

Network

UNI VISION PRO


The UNI VISION PRO software meets the following professional needs: local and remote UPS monitoring using an Internet browser automatic shutdown of local workstations or servers on which the software is installed remote shutdown (optional) by Java shutdown client events data log (status changes and alarms) notification of faults via email (up to 8 addr esses) Other functions include programming and automatic shutdown of remote workstations/servers connected to the network. The UPS can also be programmed from networked workstations/servers.

Workstation/server with UNI VISION PRO installed (shutdown and display) RS232

AP

RIL

MAY JU NE

Network
AP RIL MAY JU NE

Windows workstation/server (shutdown and display - JNC)


LOGIC_004_B_IT_BW

AP

RIL

MAY JU NE

Linux workstation/server (shutdown and display - JNC) Workstation/server with other operative systems (shutdown and display - JNC)

LOGIC_010_A_GB_BW

211

GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

VIRTUAL-JNC
SOCOMEC UPS Virtual Shutdown Client (Virtual-JNC) operates on the physical server to corr ectly shut down all of the virtual machines installed on it. It offers the following advantages over many conventional clients on individual virtual machines: low-impact management (a single client for all virtual machines instead of one for each machine), easy to configure and upgrade, greater reliability since it is installed on the first operating system installed on the server (ther efore with less mediation from the various operating systems), The virtual client is compatible with: VMware ESX, MS Windows Virtual Server R2.

212

Socomec UPS worldwide


IN WESTERN EUROPE
BELGIUM Schaatsstraat, 30 rue du Patinage B - 1190 Bruxelles Tel. +32 (0)2 340 02 34 info.ups.be@socomec.com FRANCE 95, rue Pierre Grange F - 94132 Fontenay-sous-Bois Cedex Tel. +33 (0)1 45 14 63 90 dcm.ups.fr@socomec.com GERMANY Heppenheimer Strae 57 D - 68309 Mannheim Tel. +49 (0) 621 71 68 40 info.ups.de@socomec.com ITALY Via Leone Tolstoi, 73 - Zivido 20098 San Giuliano Milanese (MI) Tel. +39 02 98 242 942 info.ups.it@socomec.com PORTUGAL Ncleo Empresarial de Mafra II Av. Dr. Francisco S Carneiro, Fraco N 2640-486 Mafra Tel. +351 261 812 599 info.ups.pt@socomec.com SPAIN - IBERIAN PENINSULA C/Nord, 22 Pol. Ind. Buvisa E - 08329 Tei (Barcelona) Tel. +34 935 407 575 info.ups.sib@socomec.com THE NETHERLANDS Duwboot 13 NL - 3991 CD Houten Tel. +31 (0)30 63 71 504 info.ups.nl@socomec.com THE UNITED KINGDOM Units 7-9 Lakeside Business Park Broadway Lane - South Cerney Cirencester - GL7 5XL Tel. +44 (0)1285 863300 info.ups.uk@socomec.com OTHER COUNTRIES Tel. +34 935 407 575 info.ups.europe@socomec.com

IN EA STERN EUROPE, MIDDLE EA ST, A FRICA


POLAND ul. Mickiewicza 63 01-625 Warszawa Tel. +48 22 825 73 60 info.ups.pl@socomec.com ROMANIA Heliade Intre Vii Street no.8, 2 District 023383 Bucharest Tel. +40 21 319 36 88 ( 89, 81, 82) info.ups.ro@socomec.com RUSSIA 4th Street 8 Marta, 6A, 405 125167 - Moscow Tel. +7 495 775 19 85 info.ups.ru@socomec.com SLOVENIA Savlje 89 SI - 1000 Ljubljana Tel. +386 1 5807 860 info.ups.si@socomec.com OTHER COUNTRIES Tel. +39 0444 598 611 info.ups.emea@socomec.com

IN ASIA PACIFIC
AUSTRALIA Unit 3, 2 Eden Park Drive (Rydecorp) Macquarie Park NSW 2113 Tel. +61 2 9325 3900 info.ups.au@socomec.com CHINA Universal Business Park B33, 3rd Fl, 10 Jiuxianqiao Rd., Chaoyang, Beijing 100016 P.R., China Tel. +86 10 59756108 info.ups.cn@socomec.com INDIA B1, IInd Floor, Thiru-Vi-Ka-Industrial Estate Guindy Chennai 600 032 Tel. +91 44 3921 5400 info.ups.in@socomec.com MALAYSIA 31 Jalan SS 25/41- Mayang Industrial Park 47301 Petaling Jaya.- Selangor, Malaysia Tel. +603 7804 1153 info.ups.my@socomec.com SINGAPORE 31 Ubi Road 1, Aztech Building # 01-00 (Annex) - SG - Singapore 408694 Tel. +65 6745 7555 info.ups.sg@socomec.com THAILAND No.9 Soi Vibhavadirangsit 42 Vibhavadirangsit Rd, Ladyao Chatujak Bangkok 10900 Tel. +66 2 941-1644-7 info.ups.th@socomec.com VIETNAM 539/23 Luy Ban Bich St., Phu Thanh Ward, Tan Phu Dist Ho Chi Minh City Tel. +84-839734.990 info.ups.vn@socomec.com ASIA PACIFIC HEAD OFFICE Tel. +65 6507 9770 info.ups.apac@socomec.com

IN AMERICA
LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES Tel. +34 935 407 575 info.ups.sib@socomec.com

HEAD OFFICE
SOCOMEC GROUP S.A. SOCOMEC capital 11 303 400 - R.C.S. Strasbourg B 548 500 149 B.P. 60010 - 1, rue de Westhouse - F-67235 Benfeld Cedex SOCOMEC UPS Strasbourg 11, route de Strasbourg - B.P. 10050 - F-67235 Huttenheim Cedex- FRANCE Tel. +33 (0)3 88 57 45 45 - Fax +33 (0)3 88 74 07 90 admin.ups.fr@socomec.com SOCOMEC UPS Isola Vicentina Via Sila, 1/3 - I - 36033 Isola Vicentina (VI) - ITALY Tel. +39 0444 598611 - Fax +39 0444 598622 hr.ups.it@socomec.com

SALES, MARKETING AND SERVICE MANAGEMENT


SOCOMEC UPS Paris 95, rue Pierre Grange F-94132 Fontenay-sous-Bois Cedex - FRANCE Tel. +33 (0)1 45 14 63 90 - Fax +33 (0)1 48 77 31 12 dcm.ups.fr@socomec.com

YOUR DISTRIBUTOR
Rf. TBKXXX201100-GB - 04 / 11

www.socomec.com
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VALID FOR FRANCE VALID FOR ITALY

ISO 9001:2008 FM 28237

ISO14001:2004 EMS 553476