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4/27/2011

Horizontal Curve

Problem 1:

Design a horizontal Alignment of a rural


highway using following Data.
Data Calculate
necessary parameters for setting out
transition curve and half of circular curve.
Deflection Angle ,

D = 45o

Chainage at PI = 5000 m
Design Speed of vehicle = 70 km/hr
Road width = 4m x 4 = 16.0 m

Solution:
Step 1:
Radius of circular curve, R=?

a) Decision making for emax,


emax = 0.08

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b) fmax= ?
Design Speed,
Speed V

From AASHTO guideline, Table -III-6,


V=40 mph
V=50 mph

fmax = 0.15
fmax = 0.14
0 14 (safe side)

fmax = 0.14
emax

fmax = 0
0.08
08 + 0
0.14
14

=0.22

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c) Maximum superelevation, hmax =?


Road width , b = 4 x 4 = 16 m
emax

hmax

emax = 0.08
Roadwidth=b

hmax = b x emax = 16 x 0.08


= 1.28
1 28 m
= 1.28 x 3.28 ft

= 4.20 ft

d) R = ?

Decision making for R,


For f=0,

R = 400m = 1312 ft

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Step 2 :
Length of transition curve
Method A :
Arbitrary gradient method (1 in 50, 100, 200 etc)
Assume Longitudinal slope = 1 in 100

100
L=?

hmax

Method C :

rate of change of radial acceleration


C = 1 ft/s3 for railroad = 0.3 m/s3
= 1~3
1 3 ft/s3 for highways = 0.3
0.3~0.9
0.9 m/s3
For high standard road , c = 1 ft/s3 = 0.3 m/s3

Decision Making for L


Use, L=100 m

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Step 3 :
Calculate elements of circular and transition curve
Spiral Angel,

Maximum deflection angle ,


D

L
s

T1

Shift,

D1

D2

S=

TD1 = 2/3 L = 66.7 m = 218.67 ft


D1D2= 1/3L = 33.3 m = 109.33 ft
Total tangent Length =

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Apex Distance,

Length of Circular Curve

Length of Combined Curve


= 100+214.159+100

=414.159m

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R+S

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Chanaige of T1 (PC)

= 5000 - 216.117 m
= 4783.883 m

Chanaige of T2 (PT)

= 4783.883 + 414.159 m
= 5198.042 m

(Along the actual Road)

Maximum offset

Y = 4S
= 4 x 11.042
042

= 4.167 m
= 13.67 ft

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Step 4 :

setting out transition curve


l2
=
2 RL

Unitofangleisradianinthisformula
D
xandycanbeused
forsettingout
transitioncurve

L
s

D1

T1

D2

Setting out transition curve

alpha
Peg stn. l=x (m) alpha (rad) (deg)

alpha
(deg)

emax=

0.080

hmax=

1.280m

alpha alpha
super
(min) (sec) y (m) elev (m)

0.0001

0.006

21

0.001 0.064

10

0.0004

0.024

26

0.004 0.128

15

0.0009

0.054

13

0.014 0.192

20

0.0017

0.095

44

0.033 0.256

25

0.0026

0.149

57

0.065 0.320

30

0.0038

0.215

12

53

0.113 0.384

35

0.0051

0.292

17

33

0.179 0.448

40

0.0067

0.382

22

55

0.267 0.512

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Peg stn.

alpha
l (m) alpha (rad) (deg)

alpha
(deg)

alpha alpha
super
(min) (sec) y (m) elev (m)

45

0.0084

0.483

29

0.380 0.576

10

50

0.0104

0.597

35

49

0.521 0.640

11

55

0.0126

0.722

43

20

0.693 0.704

12

60

0.0150

0.859

51

34

0.900 0.768

13

65

0.0176

1.009

31

1.144 0.832

14

70

0.0204

1.170

10

11

1.429 0.896

15

75

0.0234

1.343

20

34

1.758 0.960

16

80

0.0267

1.528

31

40

2.133 1.024

17

85

0.0301

1.725

43

29

2.559 1.088

18

90

0.0338

1.934

56

3.038 1.152

19

95

0.0376

2.155

16

3.572 1.216

20

100

0.0417

2.387

23

14

4.167 1.280

Step 5 :

Setting out half circle

Using
Rankines methodoftangential
deflectionangle
g

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Rankines methodoftangentialdeflectionangle
2
D

c1,c2,c3=known
1, 2, 3 =?

c2

c1

c1 =R(21)
1 =c1 /2R

R
1+2

21

22
O

Wednesday,April27,2011

19

=180o

Wednesday,April27,2011

R+S

20

10

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/2

/2

/2

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Setting out half circle


R = 400 m
= - 2s
= 45 2 x 7.16o
= 30.676o
= 0.5354 rad
length of circular curve = 214.16 m
half circle =

11

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If we make 18 chord in half circle,


Length of each chord =
Subtended Angle by each chord =

g
deflection angle
g by
y each chord =
Tangential

chord
c1
c2
c3
c4
c5
c6
c7
c8
c9
c10
c11
c12
c13
c14
c15
c16
c17
c18

tangential
super
deflection chord length cumulative Total deflection angle from elevatio
angle
(m)
arc length
common tangent
n
(deg)
0.426
0.852
1.278
1.704
2.130
2.556
2.982
3.408
3.835
4.261
4 687
4.687
5.113
5.539
5.965
6.391
6.817
7.243
7.669

(m)
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5 949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949
5.949

(m)
5.949
11.898
17.846
23.795
29.744
35.693
41.642
47.591
53.539
59.488
65 437
65.437
71.386
77.335
83.283
89.232
95.181
101.130
107.079

(deg)
0
0
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
7
7

(min)
25
51
16
42
7
33
58
24
50
15
41
6
32
57
23
49
14
40

(sec)
34
8
41
15
49
23
57
30
4
38
12
46
19
53
27
1
35
8

(m)
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1 280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280
1.280

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4/27/2011

Any
y Question ?

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