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GSM BASED E-NOTICE BOARD

INTRODUCTION. Wireless communication has announced its arrival on big stage and the world is going mobile. We want to control everything and without moving an inch. This remote control of appliances is possible through Embedded Systems. The use of Embedded System in Communication has given rise to many interesting applications that ensures comfort and safety to human life. In this paper, it is proposed to design a model where the message to be displayed is sent through a SMS from an authorized transmitter. The toolkit receives the SMS, validates the user and displays the desired information after necessary code conversion. The main components of the toolkit contains microcontroller 89c52 which is interfaced with PC via MAX232 level convertor. MAX 232 level converter is used to convert RS232 voltage to TTL voltage levels and vice versa. We use PC's serial port to interface microcontroller. A 16x2 Character LCD display is attached in byte mode to port 1 of microcontroller. This display will be used to display the messages /advertisements. Microcontroller coding will be done using Embedded C and Kiel. PC Coding will be done using VB. Nokia PC Connectivity SDK is a tool used in VB for GSM modem interfacing. The modem transmits the stored message through the COM port. The microcontroller displays the message in the LCD display board. The microcontroller used in this case is AT89c52. MATRIX SIMADO GDT11 is used as a GSM modem. In the prototype model, LCD display is used for simulation purpose. While implementation this can be replaced by actual display boards The whole system is basically divided into two sections: Transmitting and Receiving. Transmitting section consists of just a mobile. Any type of user (sim number) can be used, as users are assigned password for accessing the system. Authorised users send the message that they want to display on the notice board to the receiving sections mobile number and the message will be displayed only if the users have the authentication password. Receiving section on the other hand consists of a GSM modem to receive message. Received SMS is then extracted by PC with the help of a VB program using AT commands. SMS are then sent to microcontroller using MAX232 IC and PCs serial port. Microcontroller finally displays it on LCD display.

Fig : Block diagram of the system Hardware Required : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. GSM modem GSM mobile phone SIM Transformer LCD Microcontroller Power supply

Software Required : 1. Keil u-Vision 3.0 2. PRO51 Programmer Software

THEORY OF OPERATION
In this project we interfaced 8051 microcontroller with GSM mobile phone to decode the received message and do the required action. The protocol used for the communication between the two is AT command.The microcontroller pulls the SMS received by phone, decode it, recognizes the Mobile no. and then switches on the relays attached to its port to control the appliances. After successful operation, controller sends back the acknowledgement to the users mobile through SMS.

APPLICATIONS :
Educational Institutions and Organizations: Currently we rely on putting up papers on notice boards to inform people of events. This method can be discarded by using wireless notice boards to display information in real time. Crime Prevention: Display boards put up on roads will display tips on public security, accident prevention, information on criminals on the run. The board will help flash messages such as vehicle thefts as and when they occur. Managing Traffic: In metropolitan cities we frequently come across traffic jams. One way to avoid this would be inform people beforehand to take alternate routes. A wireless notice board serves well for this purpose.

Advertisement: In shopping malls we get to hear the offers on various products from time to time. Instead we continuously display the information regarding the products and related offers on electronic display boards. Railway Station: Instead of announcing the delay in arrival of trains we can display the information.

MERITS:
User friendly: Messages are only to be typed on a mobile or a computer, which in turn are displayed wirelessly on the display unit. Eliminates use of printers: Since we dont use papers to display information, printers are also of no use in this system. Faster means of transferring information: There is no delay in transmission of information. Messages are displayed in a matter of seconds after typing. Long Range: As long as we have the required network coverage we can send messages from any part of the world.

CONCLUSIONS:
Now a days every advertisement is going to be digital. The big shops and shopping centers are using the digital moving displays now. In Railway station and bus stands everything from ticket information to platform number etc. is displayed on digital moving displays. But in these displays if they want to change the message they have to go to the place of the display and connect the display to PC or laptop. Suppose the same message is to be displayed in main centers of cities to display critical messages then we have to go there with a laptop and change the message by connecting it to the display board. This project can be used mainly for police or army to display something crucial within a matter of seconds So keeping this in mind we are designing a new display system which we can access remotely, thus utilizing GSM technology. This project is a remote notice board with modem connected to it, so if the user wants to display some messages, he will send the messages in SMS format. The modem in the display system will receive the message and update the display according to the message. For every message received, the system will check for the source number and if the source number is correct the controller will display the message.

FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS:
A commercial model should be able to display more than one message at a time. Currently in our project we are using onboard RAM memory to save a single message. To overcome this shortcoming we can interface an EEPROM to save messages. This not only allows more than one message to be displayed at a time but also allows us to retrieve messages from the EEPROM even after a power failure. Alphanumeric LCDs have a limitation on size as well as no of characters. These can be replaced with large LED display boards which are not only eye catching but display characters in a moving fashion one after the other. In our project we are sending messages via GSM network and displaying on a LCD by utilizing AT commands. The same principle can be applied to control electrical appliances at a distant location. Robots can be controlled in a similar fashion by sending the commands to the robots. These commands are read by using AT commands and appropriate action is taken. This can be used for spy robots at distant locations, utilized by the military to monitor movement of enemy troops. Currently farmers have to manually put on or off pumps, drippers etc. by using electric switches. Using the principle of AT commands we can put on or off these appliances remotely.

REFERENCES [1] Artificial Intelligence Elain Rich & Kevin Knight, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2nd Edition. [2] The 8051Microcontroller by Kenneth J. Ayala [3] A. Clark and R. Harun, Assessment of kalman-_lter channel estimators for an HF radio link," IEE Proceedings, vol. 133, pp. 513{521, Oct 1986. [4] Introduction to Robotics P.J.Mc Kerrow, Addisson Wesley, USA, 1991 Bernard Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications, Prentice Hall, 2001. [5] The 8051 Microcontroller and System - Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D. McKinlay, Muhammad Ali Mazidi [6] Principles and Applications of GSM - Vijay Garg