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i.

Melentur buluh biarlah dari rebungnya.

ii. Kalau tidak dipecahkan ruyung, di mana akan mendapat sagunya. iii. Hati gajah sama dilapah, hati kuman sama dicecah. iv. Seperti aur dengan tebing. v. Beringat sebelum kena, berjimat sebelum habis. vi. Di mana bumi dipijak, di situ langit dijunjung. vii. Tiada rotan akar pun berguna. viii.Bagaimana acuan, begitulah kuihnya. ix. Bersatu teguh, bercerai runtuh. x. Ke gunung sama didaki, ke lurah sama dituruni.

xi. Di mana ada kemahuan, di situ ada jalan. xii. Seperti ketam mengajar anak berjalan betul. xiii. Kerja bertangguh tidak menjadi, kerja beransur tidak bertahan. xiv. Harapkan pagar, pagar makan padi. xv. Kemeyan sebesar lutut, tidak dibakar tiada baunya.

Ungkapan indah/madah pujangga i. Peperangan dapat dihindarkan dengan sebuah senyuman - Mother Teresa. ii. Perjalanan seribu batu bermula dengan langkah pertama - Lao Tze iii. Tuntutlah ilmu sampai ke negeri China - Hadis. iv. Tuntutlah ilmu dari dalam buaian hingga ke liang lahad - Hadis.

ii. iii. iv. v. vi.

Jauh perjalanan luas pengalaman. Budi bahasa budaya kita. Kecil tapak tangan, nyiru sama tadahkan. Negara Bersih, Rakyat Sihat . Datuk Seri Ng Yen Yen: Pada tahun 2010 seramai 2.2 juta pelancong telah melawat Malaysia; Perbelanjaan RM6 bilion.

Industri pelancongan memang merupakan suatu sektor yang penting bagi sesebuah negara.Hal ini demikian kerana industri ini menyumbangkan hasil dan pulangan yang lumayan kepada sesebuah negara dalam aspek pendapatan negara. Daripada perangkaan yang dikeluarkan oleh Kementerian Pelancongan, jumlah pelancong ke Malaysia dari Januari hingga Disenber 2010 ialah 24.6 juta orang. Pelancong Asia Barat menunjukkan peningkatan pada tahun 2006 berbanding tahun 2005. Jumlah pelancong yang melawat ke Malaysia bagi tempoh enam bulan pertama tahun tersebut meningkat 44 peratus kepada 7.23 juta berbanding 5.02 juta dalam tempoh yang sama tahun sebelumnya meskipun keadaan ekonomi serantau yang kurang memuaskan kini. Pada pendapat saya, pelbagai usaha dan aktiviti perlu dijalankan untuk menggalakkan pelancongan di Malaysia.

Sebagai kesinambungan idea saya, pihak kerajaan dan pihak swasta perlu melakukan pelbagai usaha untuk memperkenalkan Malaysia ke mata dunia. Kerajaan hendaklah menggiatkan promosi untuk merancakkan aktiviti pelancongan yang diadakan di negara kita. Promosi tentang destinasi pelancongan yang menarik, kebudayaan dan karnival jualan boleh dilaksanakan dengan komitmen yang padu bukan hanya sekadar melepaskan batuk di tangga ataupun hangat-hangat tahi ayam. Sebagai contohnya, kementerian Pelancongan telah mengadakan promosi kebudayaan bagi menarik pelancong dari Asia Barat seperti di Dubai dan di Arab Saudi. Usaha memperkenalkan negara ini juga boleh dijalankan melalui penggunaan teknologi maklumat seperti internet bagi menyebarluaskan maklumat tentang pelancongan di negara ini. Penggunaan internet dapat memastikan semua pelancong memperoleh maklumat yang tepat mengenai destinasi pelancongan menarik dan aktiviti pelancongan di Malaysia. Jelasnya, promosi yang giat dapat memastikan semua maklumat pelancongan disebarkan secara berkesan bagi menarik kunjungan pelancong. Hal ini demikian juga mampu menjadi daya tarikan pelancong untuk terus menjadikan Malaysia sebagai destinasi pelancongan yang diminati. Natijahnya, industri pelancongan negara kita dapat bersinar dan terserlah ke seluruh dunia dan dapat berdiri sama tinggi, duduk sama rendah dengan negara-negara lain. Selain itu, pihak swasta haruslah berganding bahu dengan pihak kerajaan membuka pusatpusat percutian yang bertaraf dunia agar industri pelancongan negara kita dapat bersaing dengan negara-negara lain di dunia. Hal ini serupa dengan bulat air kerana pembetung, bulat manusia kerana muafakat. Inisiatif ini boleh dilaksanakan dengan memperbanyak pembinaan hotel lima bintang yang mengenakan kadar bayaran berpatutan diiringi dengan bilik yang selesa untuk menarik minat pelancong . Sebagai analoginya, tindakan yang dijalankan oleh Hotel Seri Malaysia

memperkenalkan pakej penginapan murah berserta makanan tradisional tempatan telah berjaya meningkatkan jumlah pelancong menginap di hotel tersebut. Bagi membuktikan perkara ini, perangkaan yang boleh diketengahkan ialah pertambahan ketibaan pelancong antarabangsa dan pertumbuhan pelancongan domestik yang kukuh telah menyumbang kepada peningkatan kadar penginapan hotel purata daripada 59.2 peratus pada tahun 2000 kepada 63.5 peratus pada tahun 2005. Pendek kata, sekiranya langkah yang konkrit, sistematik dan pragmatik dijalankan secara berterusan sudah tentu kedatangan pelancong ke Malaysia bagaikan di mana ada gula di situ ada semut. Selain itu, seharusnya kita tidak mengetepikan peranan sekolah dan peranan ibu bapa dalam menggalakkan sektor pelancongan di Malaysia. Memang diakui bahawa peranan sekolah dan ibu bapa amat penting dalam pendidikan anak. Ibu bapa yang menjadi guru di rumah haruslah mengasuh anak dengan sikap melentur buluh biarlah dari rebungnya tidak harus kita ketepikan kerana api tatkala kecil menjadi kawan apabila besar menjadi lawan. Hal ini supaya anak mereka tidak terlibat dalam gejala sosial seperti vandalisme yang menjatuhkan imej negara kita semasa pelancong dari luar negara datang ke negara kita. Bertitik tolak daripada itu, pihak sekolah berperanan dalam menggalakkan sektor pelancongan di Malaysia. Oleh itu, subjek yang memperkenalkan Malaysia seperti Geografi dan Sejarah harus banyak diperkenalkan oleh guru Sejarah. Kelab Pelancongan boleh ditubuhkan bagi memupuk minat pelajar untuk melancong. Seterusnya, pihak sekolah juga bolah manganjurkan aktiviti seperti lawatan sambil belajar dan pertandingan membuat folio tentang tempat pelancongan untuk mendalami ilmu pengetahuan pelajar tentang tempat pelancongan tersebut. Selain itu, pihak sekolah juga boleh menampilkan filem tentang adat resam dan keistimewaan berkaitan tempat pelancongan seperti di Sabah dan di Sarawak. Dalam konteks ini, ibu bapa boleh meluangkan masa untuk

membawa anak mereka melancong supaya mereka tidak menjadi katak di bawah tempurung. Hal ini bukan sahaja dapat merapatkan hubungan antara keluarga tetapi juga dapat merehatkan minda sekeluarga. Oleh itu, peranan ibu bapa dan sekolah penting dalam menggalakkan pelancongan di Malaysia. Ketika negara dan rakyat sedang rakus dan ghairah memburu kemajuan, kita sebagai masyarakat terlupa menjimatkan pengaliran keluar wang negara. Apabila melancong di negara kita, wang perbelanjaan untuk pelancongan diperolah semula oleh kerajaan melalui cukai yang dikenakan. Sekiranya melancong ke luar negara, segala perbelanjaan diperoleh oleh rakyat dan kerajaan negara asing. Perkara ini akan merugikan diri sendiri serta negara. Di samping itu, melancong dalam negara dapat menambahkan pengetahuan dan pengalaman. Dengan mengunjungi tempat-tempat yang belum pernah dilawati, kita dapat menambahkan pengetahuan dan mengenali secara lebih mendalam dan lebih dekat dengan khazanah warisan bangsa di tanah air kita. Tambahan pula, kita dapat mengetahui keunikan budaya dan tradisi masyarakat serta panorama di negeri-negeri lain di Malaysia. Dengan aktiviti melancong di dalam negara, kita akan mengetahui apa-apa yang ada, yang kurang, yang perlu ada di tempat berkenan berbanding dengan tempat sendiri, kemudian menyalurkan idea-idea bernas untuk pembangunan negara. Kita harus melancong di negara sendiri demi menghayati warisan khazanah bertaraf dunia yang masih belum dilawati. Deduksinya, pelbagai usaha dan kempen perlu diteruskan dan dipergiat untuk menarik lebih banyak pelancong agar melancong ke negara kita. Rentetan itu, sinergi daripada semua pihak sangat penting bagi memajukan industri pelancongan di negara kita. Pihak kerajaan, pihak swasta, agensi

pelancongan dan rakyat negara kita perlu berganding bahu bagi meningkatkan martabat industri pelancongan. Hal ini bersesuaian dengan pepatah Melayu iaitu hati gajah sama dilapah, hati kuman sama dicecah. Sekiranya rakyat dan pelbagai pihak tidak bekerjasama, sudah tentulah matlamat untuk memajukan ekonomi negara kita tidak akan tercapai. Oleh itu, kejayaan dalam sektor pelacongan di negara kita dapat direalisasikan sekiranya semua pihak berusaha memajukan industri pelancongan kerana peribahasa ada mengatakan, bulat air kerana pembetung, bulat manusia kerana muafakat.

TITLE: Friends

It is said that "no man is an island". Personally, I think that the saying is absolutely true. From time immemorial, Man has craved for companionship from his fellow man. It is one of our basest instincts, one dating back to the dawn of mankind. The need for companionship has become ingrained in the human psyche. With the passing of the millennium. we have become so dependent on this companionship that we simply cannot survive without it. In the modern context, our friends provide us with the aforesaid companionship that we so crave.

What, we might ask, constitutes a true friend? The emphasis here is on the word "true". Is a true friend someone who you say "hello" to every morning? Or is it someone who does you favours when you need them? Or is there something more: a connection that is more profound? The answer to the latter is definitely "yes".

Friends, in the purest sense, are one's soulmates. It sounds cliched I know, but I truly believe that it is so. True friends understand each others' needs and emotions. This understanding leads to mutual respect for each other. I also believe that understanding is a prerequisite for all good friendship. It is the mutual respect that friends have with each other lead them to care for one another whilst respecting their respective personal space and privacy. That is why when I say "soulmates", I mean that friends have an instinctive understanding, an "emotional compass" if you will, of their friends' feelings.

In the same vein, friends are people with whom one can just be oneself. With friends, there is no need for false pretenses or facades. A true friend is someone who knows the worst about you and loves you just the same. As the saying goes, "love is blind, but friendship closes one eye". This simply means that although friends see our faults and shortcomings, they choose to look past them to see only our positive traits. Thus, it does not matter if you have a host of annoying habits, or are not good-looking,

or even you are singularly untalented in everything you do. A true friend loves you simply for being yourself. Nothing more and nothing less.

Friends are people whom you can trust implicitly. Have you ever told someone your deepest, darkest secrets only to have them go out and tell others? it hurts, doesn't it? What is worse, your secrets come back to you through the grapevine. That, most emphatically, is not what true friendship is about. A true friends will always keep your secrets, no matter how juicy they are and no matter how much they want to share them with others. For that reason, we trust our friends enough to pour out our feelings and thoughts to them, all the while knowing that they are in safe hands.

Ever heard the expression "laugh and the world laughs with you, cry and you cry alone"? It is sadly, very much a norm in today's hypocritical and callous society. But every cloud has a silver lining. In this case, the "silver lining" comes in the form of our friends. Friends are always there when we need them. Whether we need someone to celebrate with, or we need a shoulder to cry on, they are always available. When we are down in the dumps and are discouraged, they become our mainstays to help us to keep our heads above the proverbial water. In a way, friends are like our personal cheerleaders and also our personal critics if the need arises.

The singer and scriptwriter Woody Allen once wrote in his lyrics, "I get by with a little help from my friends". The way I see it, he sums things up beautifully. A life without friends would be a lonely and sad one to say the least. Friends are like a ray of sunlight in the gloom's of today fast-paced individualistic world. Consequently, we must treasure the friends we have, for true friendship is rare. What would life without friends be like? I, for one, would never like to find out. 1. My father and mother are always at loggerheads, they never once agreed on anything, always pointing fingers at one another over silly matters. 2. Sandy was on cloud nine as she got through her SPM examination with flying colours. 3. After waiting for six long years, Pat and Mandy finally tied the knot. Their parents gave them an out of this world wedding reception as a wedding gift. 4. Henry is quite wrapped up with his construction work. He just can't afford to take a break or put up his feet even for a second. 5. Miranda has put on weight after giving birth to her baby girl. She plans to work out more to shed the extra pounds. 6. Starting from 2013, every student must pass their History paper. Students are worried that they might not be able to sail through it because History is all Greek to them.

7. The old house opposite my house has a ghostly presence, it gives me goose bumps just looking at it. 8. The bank was robbed in broad daylight.The police are not leaving any stones unturned,they are working out a game plan to catch the mastermind. 9. People around the world must have an attitude of give and take in order to enjoy continuous peace.Insensitive words or religious undertones will only create ripples which can turn into a vicious cycle of unnecessary violence. 10. The two opposing political parties are hoping for a landslide victory this coming election. Working committes from both parties have rolled up their sleeves for some serious campaining.

ON THE HORIZON = likely to happen soon eg, There's trouble looming on the horizon. IT'S MY WAY , OR THE HIGHWAY = If you say to someone "it's my way or the highway" you are telling that person that either they accept what you tell them to do or they leave the project. TICKLED PINK = extremely amused or pleased.

BURY THE HATCHET = Used when people who have had a disagreement decide to forget their quarrel and become friends again. EG, "I didn't agree with my colleague's decision, but for the sake of peace, I decided to bury the hatchet." SILVER SPOON = To say that someone was born with a silver spoon in their mouth means that their family is very rich and privileged . ANSWER THE CALL OF NATURE / NATURE'S CALL = Go to the toilet. eg, I had to get up in the middle of the night to answer the call of nature CARROT AND STICK = you use the promise of reward and the threat of punishment to make somebody work harder. eg, "Some parents use a carrot-and-stick approach to obtain good results from their children." FIGHT A LOOSING BATTLE = trying to do something even when there is little chance of succeeding. eg, "The headmaster is fighting a losing battle trying to ban mobile phones at school." A TASTE OF THEIR OWN MEDICINE = You treat them in the same unpleasant way that they have treated you. eg, "People who always arrive late should be given a taste of their own medicine."

A LEVEL AHEAD = Remain calm and sensible no matter how difficult or distressful the situation may be. eg, "All through the hijacking the pilot kept a level head." KEEP ONE'S FINGER CROSSED = you hope that something will be successful. eg, "I'm doing my driving test tomorrow. Keep your fingers crossed for me. MOUSE POTATO = refers to a person who spends a lot of time in front of the computer. "My son and his friends are all mouse potatoes - constantly glued to the computer!" STOLE ONE'S THUNDER = take another person's idea or plan, and draw attention and praise away from the originator by presenting or using it first. eg, "Bob had developed a plan to reduce production costs, but the manager stole his thunder by announcing Bob's ideas at the regional meeting." SUGAR THE PILL = try to make some unpleasant news more acceptable by saying something pleasant at the same time. eg , "When Tim's parents announced that he was going to boarding school, they tried to sugar the pill by telling him he'd be home at the weekends.' THROW TANTRUMS = ybecome very angry and behave in an unreasonable way. eg, "My sister's little boy is always throwing tantrums - no wonder they don't have many visitors!" TONGUES ARE WAGGING = people are beginning to gossip or spread rumours about someone's private life.

eg, "The photograph of the couple that appeared in a magazine really set tongues wagging!" INDUSTRIAL STRENGTH = a humorous way of referring to something which is very strong, powerful or concentrated. eg, "I've got an industrial-strength headache this morning!" LAST WORD = the most recent or most fashionable in its category. eg, "Steve's new computer is the last word in technology." IN MINT CONDITION = in such perfect condition that it looks new or as good as new. eg, "The car is 10 years old but according to Tom it's in mint condition." RIGHT UP ONE'S RALLY = the sort of thing you like or have knowledge about. eg, "You like cooking, don't you? This book will be right up your alley!" RUN-OF-THE-MILL = considered ordinary or uneventful. eg, "I've got nothing extraordinary to tell; it was a run-of-the-mill sales meeting." STANDS THE TEST OF TIME = people continue to find it valuable or useful after many years. eg, "The teaching method has stood the test of time. It is still used in schools today."

Here's a little rhyme by David B. Tower & Benjamin F. Tweed that teachers used in days gone by to help students learn the parts of speech. (We include it here in response to popular demand. Why the song leaves out pronouns is a mystery. A writer from Richland, Washington, suggests "A PRONOUN replaces any noun: / he, she, it, and you are found. ) It has been set to music, but we'll leave that up to you to discover or create for yourself: Three little words you often see Are ARTICLES: a, an, and the. A NOUN's the name of anything, As: school or garden, toy, or swing. ADJECTIVES tell the kind of noun, As: great, small, pretty, white, or brown. VERBS tell of something being done: To read, write, count, sing, jump, or run. How things are done the ADVERBS tell, As: slowly, quickly, badly, well. CONJUNCTIONS join the words together, As: men and women, wind or weather.

The PREPOSITION stands before A noun as: in or through a door. The INTERJECTION shows surprise As: Oh, how pretty! Ah! how wise! The whole are called the PARTS of SPEECH, Which reading, writing, speaking teach.

Sentence Parts: Function and Usage Notes Absolute Phrases Clauses Direct and Indirect Adjectives Complements Adverbs Determiners/ Articles

Coordinated Conjunctions Adjectives Nouns Phrases

Interjections

Objects Predicates Prepositions Pronouns Subjects

Verbs and Verbals (Infinitives, Participles, Gerunds)

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR ARE YOU PLAYING YOUR FLUTE Posted on September 19, 2013by smktamansutera
1 .Which lines in stanza 1 tell you that the flautist plays the flute beautifully?

Uncovered by .depth of my heart 2 .In the second stanza, what does the word deserted mean?

Empty / abandoned / neglected / vacant

3 .In the second stanza, why are the rice fields deserted?

The farmers have left the fields for the city / better income jobs away from the village.

4.In your own words, explain the meaning of the last stanza. The persona is feeling anxious because there are political and economical problems in her city and she feels the world is changing for the worst.

5. From stanza 1, what does the persona want to hear? The flautists song / flute music. / The flautist playing his flute.

6. In stanza 2, what does the word here refer to?

The city / town / personas place

7.In stanza 3, why does the persona feel guilty for thinking about her beloved? She feels guilty because at present people around her are suffering.

8.Suggest two things you would do to stop the world from bleeding. Spread the message of peace, tolerance and living in harmony

Learn to appreciate what life has offered and be happy with it.

9 .How is the rice field?

Sick / unhealthy / infertile / neglected

10.State two activities that I consider luxuries.

i. ii.

Spend time watching the rain / gazing at the evening rays Collecting dew drops/ Enjoying the fragrance of flowers

11.Why do you the personas conscience is disturbed? Give reasons for your answer.

Thinking of the flautist while feeling worried about the troubled with the situation around her.

12.What musical instrument is the poets friend playing?

A flute

13 .Describe the village.

It is empty has people have left for the city. 14.Who feels guilty? The persona 15.While here it has become a luxury! To spend time watching the rain

Why do you think the persona says it is a luxury to spend time watching rain? Give reasons for your answer.

Life in the city is so busy that one has no time for simple pleasures and there are other problems to worry about.

16.Why does the persona ask if the flute player is still playing his flute?

She does not know if he is still in the village enjoying his favourite pastime.

17.How does she feel about his music?

Nostalgic / desirous / wishful

18 .Write down the line which shows that the persona thinks highly of his music.

To the depth of my heart

19 . In your own words, i. What kind of a person do you think is the flute player?

Passionate / Obsessed / An introvert / A sequester

ii. Have you been involved in a similar passion over any interest or hobby? Provide explanation.

20. Identify two words used to describe the village.

Quiet and deserted

21. What has happened to the village?

It is deserted as the people have left for better jobs.

22 .In stanza 2, what does the words here refers to?

The city / town / personas place 23. In your own words, i. What do you of the things the persona consider luxuries?

Rain, sunset (evening rays) / dew / fragrance of flowers

ii.

What would you enjoy doing for pleasure?

24. Why does the poet feel guilty? To be longing for the flautists song

2.What musical instrument does the poets love play? Flute 26 How is the situation in the village?

Quite bad as it is empty because the villagers have left the village for better jobs and conditions.

27.Why do think the poet is surprised that the flautist is still playing his flute? Give reasons for your answer.

She thinks that he is undisturbed with the turmoil in the nation and the world.

28.Why is the village so quiet and deserted?

The villagers have left the village for better jobs and conditions.

29. Which phrase in stanza 1 implies how much the music affected the poet?

To the depth of my heart

3.What does the poet mean by using the words concealed and uncovered to describe the music?

It means that the melody is in the bamboo and will only be heard when the flautist plays the flute.

31.What could the poem be about?

It is about upholding values, accepting changes in life and appreciating simple pleasures of life.

32.Describe ONE emotion the poet is feeling in the first stanza. Guilty / nostalgic

33.What does the phrase, slim hollow of the bamboo refer to?

The flute

34.Describe a significant memory that you have. Explain briefly why it is significant to you.

___________________________________________________________________________________

35.Based on stanza 2, where do you think the persona is? In the city

36.Based on stanza 2, what is the contrast between the personas place and the flautists?

The flautists place is empty and deserted whereas the personas place is undergoing a turmoil [ political and economical crisis].

37.Based on stanza 2, in the first line, what do you think the persona is feeling? A sense of doubt / unsure / puzzled

38.Based on stanza 1, which line reveals the intensity of the personas feelings? To be longing for your song

39.Based on stanza1, how does the persona feel about the flautist?

Longing / pining/yearning/passionate / love

40.Based on stanza 1, which line (s) reveal (s) that the persona is struggling with her feelings? Where there is hardly time for our love

41. Based on stanza 1, describe the personas mood. Sombre / solemn / Sad

42.What is so distinctive about the melody from the flute? It touches the depth of her heart

43.Why is the rice field described as sick? It has been neglected so it is no longer productive and fertile.

44.What is the meaning of the metaphor slaughtered mercilessly? People are no longer tolerant of each other and people are being killed cruelly.

45.What kind of feeling is expressed by the persona in the poem? A sense of sadness, hopelessness, despair and misery

46.Why does the persona feel guilty? To be longing for the flautists song.

47.Why is the personas conscience disturbed? She is worried about the present situation in her nation which is facing a crisis.

48 .In your opinion, does the persona feel depressed about this world? Give your reasons. Yes,..

49 . Based on stanza 2, how would you describe the person who seems to be very interested in his flute? Idle / unaffected by the crisis / carefree / in his own world

50.Write the two words that relate to how a flute is played?

Breath and fingers____________________________________________________________ 51.What do you think the persona feels about the other persons obsession with playing the flute? Using your own words, give a reason to support your answer.

52. What is the main theme in the stanza above? Upholding values, appreciating simple pleasures of life, accepting changes in life

53 .Write two words that are related to the condition of the village. Quiet and deserted

54.Where do you think the persona is? Using your own words, give a reason to support your answer. In the city because .

55.Who is playing the flute? The flautist in the village / The personas love

56.Why does the persona feel guilty? To be longing for the flautists song

57. Where does the melody originate from? The bamboo / The slim hollow of the bamboo

58.Which two lines best describe how a flute is played? Uncovered by the breath of an artist & composed by his fingers

59.Which word would you use to describe the personas village? Name one. Quiet / deserted

60.What does the persona mean by the sick rice field? The paddy fields are neglected so they are barren and unproductive.

61.What are the evening rays referred to?

Sunset

62.Write two activities that are considered a luxury by the persona. Spend time watching the rain / gazing at the evening rays Collecting dew drops/ Enjoying the fragrance of flowers

63.Why is the person still thinking of her beloved? She has feelings for him. / She still loves him.

64.Write two problems faced by the persona as mentioned in the stanza above.

Her brothers are unemployed and desperate / Her people are disunited by politics / Her friend is slaughtered mercilessly

65. What is the tone used? Give a reason for your answer. Sad / Hopelessness / Despair / Anxious

66.Where do you think the persona is likely to be? In the city / town

67 .Where is the flautist playing his flute? In the village

68. What does the flute represent? Tradition

69 .Why is the phrase, Are you still playing your flute?, repeated three times in the poem? Using your own words, give reasons to support your answer. To reinforce the emotion (wondering/puzzled) behind the question and create a dramatic effect

70.In stanza 1, what poetic device does the first line above refer to? Rhetorical question

71 .In stanza 1, what does line 2 tell us about the relationship between the persona and the flautist? They loved each other when they were together. 72.What is the persona guilty about? To be longing for the flautists song. 73.The poet used certain words to indicate where the melody is: i. What are these words?

Concealed in the slim hollow of the bamboo

ii.

Do you think they are suitable? Why?

Yes, because the flute is played by blowing into hollow of the bamboo and melody is created by the fingers.

74 .In stanza 1, why does the persona feel guilty listening to music of the flautist? She is very busy and also her nation is undergoing a crisis.

75.Why is enjoying the fragrance of flowers regarded as a luxury by the persona in stanza 2? In the city, one can be very busy in the rat race that they have no time to even appreciate the flowers growing around them.

76. Give one problem the nation is undergoing. Political crisis / Economical crisis / Disharmony

77.Explain in your own words why the persona feels her world is too old and bleeding. The world is changing for the worst and non-renewable resources cannot be replenished.

78.What do you think the flute represents? Tradition

7.9 What do you think the phrase, the world is too old and bleeding represents? The world is changing for the worst and non-renewable resources cannot be replenished.

80 .Suggest a reason why the persona cannot forget the music from the flute? The music must have been beautiful and special that it has embedded in her heart.

81 Yes, No, .

Do you think the persona has made the right decision in leaving the village? Give a reason.

82. What is it like in the village? Quiet and empty

83.What does the word sick imply about the rice field? Barren / Unproductive / Infertile / Neglected 84.What are the luxuries mentioned by the poet? State two of them.

Spend time watching the rain / gazing at the evening rays Collecting dew drops/ Enjoying the fragrance of flowers

85 .Do you like to live in the village? Give reasons to your answer. Yes, No, ..

86 . In the last stanza, what is the personas feeling when she remembers the flautist? Guilty / Remorseful /

87 .Why is there disunity among the citizens of the country?

They lack tolerance and understanding.

88. What happened to the personas friend? Killed cruelly

89.What do you think the last line of the stanza mean? The world is changing for the worst.

POEM : HE HAD SUCH QUIET EYES STANZA 1 MEANING BY LINE He had such quiet eyes His eyes were calm and quiet but actually hidden with agenda She did not realise She did not notice They were two pools of lies- His eyes were like two pools filled with lies Layered with thinnest ice Thinly veiled, like very thin ice.It shows the vulnerability of the deceived words

To her, those quiet eyes To the woman, those calm and quiet eyes Were breathing desolate sighs Looked very sad and lonely Imploring her to be nice The eyes were begging her to be nice to him And to render him to paradise And to give him happiness and bliss so that he would feel like he was in paradise (heaven) STANZA 2 MEANING BY LINE If only shed been wise The woman wished she had been wiser in her past actions not to be deceived by any man And had listened to the advice And wish she had listened to the sound advice given to her by surrounding people who cared about her Never to compromise They had advised her not to give up her moral values or principles With pleasure-seeking guys When she was with men, the flirt, who wanted only pleasure and fun Shed be free from the hows and whys If she had listened to them, she would not be haunted by questions of hows and whys and the difficult situation she was in. STANZA 3 MEANING BY LINE Now heres a bit of advice Let me give you a bit of advice Be sure that nice really means nice Make sure that the person you think is nice, is truly sincere and trustworthy Then youll never be losing at dice Then, you will not lose in a gamble game of chance or a game of love where you can lose your heart to an undeserving man Though you may lose your heart once or twice Even if you should fall in love and lose your heart to love once or twice,but it is at least still fine.(because you have put your dignity as the priority) Moral Values & Lessons Learnt

(1) Avoid Being Deluded by Looks or Appearance We sometimes encounter These are con They look nice So we We should not judge a book by its cover.

people men and should

who who decent take

have

ill prey but precaution

intentions on have

towards young bad against

us. women. motives. them.

(2) Listen We are given good advice We should The advice is It prevents us from getting hurt or getting into trouble. 3.7 Setting The poem is set in the present the world around us now. It highlights the fact that the people around us are not always sincere. They may have ulterior motives towards us.

to when listen for others to

Beneficial feel that their our

we own

need

Advice it. advice. good.

Some have the intention to cheat us. In the case of the woman in the poem, the man only wanted to have sexual pleasure from her. However, she saw him as a man in need of love and consolation. The poem puts forward the need to practise caution when we deal with the people around us.

1. The eyes have a lot of functions other than seeing. Explain one function of the eyes that you know and give an example when that function is being used. 2. 3. 4. 5. Do you believe in seeing is believing? Give a reason for your answer and relate it to the poem He had such quiet eyes. Why do you think the persona in the poem fell for the guys quiet eyes? Give a reason why she likes his quiet eyes. How can you help a friend who fell for a person who you know is a pleasure seeking person? Give a suggestion on how to help this friend. In the poem there is a phrase hows and whys. Form a question for each of the question in the phrase with close relation t o the situation of the persona in the poem. Which one is easier to do, giving advice or listening to advice? Give a reason for your answer with close reference to the poem.

6.

KECEMERLANGAN ANAK-ANAK BERMULA DARI RUMAH peranan institusi keluarga dalam melahirkan anak-anak cemerlang.

Institusi keluarga yang lengkap perlu ada bapa, ibu, anak-anak dan saudara-mara. Setiap unit mempunyai peranan yang jelas dan tersendiri. Ibu bapa dianggap mempunyai peranan paling penting dalam keluarga kerana anak-anak merupakan kain putih, ibu bapalah yang menjadi pencoraknya. Oleh yang demikian, setiap pasangan yang ingin mendirikan rumah tangga perlu menentukan matlamat dan corak keluarga yang ingin dimiliki.

Persoalannya,.............................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................

Sebelum melangkah ke gerbang perkahwinan, pasangan yang bakal melayari bahtera rumah tangga perlu melengkapkan diri dangan ilmu keibubapaan demi melahirkan ibu bapa yang prihatin suatu hari kelak. Ilmu keibubapaan ialah ilmu yang diperoleh melalui kursusu-kursus secara formal atau tidak formal. Misalnya, kursus pra perkahwinan yang dianjurkan oleh Jabatan Agama Islam atau kursus keibubapaan anjuran badan-badan swasta. Pengisian ilmu keibubapaan yang merangkumi tanggungjawab suami, isteri dan anak-anak serta batasan-batasanhak mereka ini diharapkan dapat melahirkan anak-anak yang soleh dan solehah kerana pengetahuan agama dan moral dalam keluarga dapat membentuk sahsiah atau disiplin anak-anak.Kita sedia maklum disiplin yang kukuh adalah pencerna kecemerlangan dan kegemilangan anak-anak. Oleh

itu,.. ....

Rumahku Syurgaku adalah impian setiap pasangan sama ada yang baru atau yang sudah lama berumahtangga. Apa itu rumah yang menjadi syurga dalam keluarga? Tidak lain dan tidak bukan ialah keluarga yang bahagia. Dalam hal ini, ibu bapa amat berperanan dalam melahirkan keluarga yang harmoni, aman dan damai. Menurut Dr. Hassan Ali, Pengarah Akademi Keluarga Bahagia Malaysia, kesejahteraan bermula dari rumah, maka ibu bapa hendaklah menjadikan rumah seperti syurga yang penuh dengan kedamaian dan keindahan kepada anak-anak. Kesejahteraan di rumah dapat mewujudkan keluarga penyayang. Oleh itu, ibu bapa harus peka dan faham serta mempunyai iltizam terhadap insan yang utuh dari segi emosi, akhlak dan moraliti dalam mengharungi ranjau serta liku yang sentiasa menghambat kesejahteraan keluarga. Anak-anak yang membesar dalam lingkungan kebahagiaan lebih mudah menerima perkara-perkara positif dalam membina diri mereka. Mereka juga lebih tenang dan lebih senang menerima pelajaran bagi memastikan kecemerlangan mereka dalam bidang akademik. Mereka tidak akan mencari jalan lain untuk mencari hala tuju kerana mereka sudah ada keluarga bahagia yang menjadi tulang belakang mereka.

Jadi

Proses pembentukan sahsiah bermula dari alam rahim hingga ke akhir hayat. Ibu bapa perlu bertindak sebagai agen pertama dalam pembentukan sahsiah dan penjana kecemerlangan anak-anak. Justru, mereka mesti menjadi role model kepada anak-anak bagi mengelakkan anak-anak daripada terjebak ke kancah negatif. Untuk menjadi role model yang cemerlang, mereka perlu memulakannya daripada diri sendiri. Sebagai contoh, dari segi penampilan diri, ibu bapa yang menjadi role model ini perlu berketrampilan sopan dan tidak melanggar batasan agama dan budaya. Mereka juga perlu menjadi pengurus rumah tangga yang cemerlang iaitu dari segi pengurusan masa, pengurusan diri, pengurusan anak-anak sehinggalah ke pengurusan kewangan. Pepatah Melayu ada mengatakan bahawa kemana tumpahnya kuah kalau tidak ke nasi, bapa borek anak rintik, malah kalau bapa kencing berdiri anakanak kencng berlari. Sehubungan dengan itu,

Ibu bapa merupakan sumber inspirasi anak-anak. Sentuhan kasih sayang dan dakapan mesra menjadi pemangkin ke arah kecemerlangan anak-anak. Lantaran itu, ibu bapa seharusnya menjadi pemudah cara kepada anak-anak supaya mereka terkeluar daripada belenggu masalah. Sebagai contoh, apabila anak-anak berhadapan dengan maslah pelajaran atau gangguan emosi, ibu bapa akan menjadi pendengar yang setia dan membantu menyelesaikan masalah mereka. Terdapat juga anak-anak yang mengalami tekanan sehingga mereka hilang kawalan diri dan putus asa, ibu bapalah orang pertama yang seharusnyamenghidupkan kembali semangat mereka dan memberikan bimbingan untuk meneruskan kehidupan. Jika tidak, mereka pasti akan mencari orang luar yang belum tentu dapat menjadi penggalak dan pembimbing ke jalan yang benar. Jelaslah,..

Berdasarkan cambahan minda di atas, konklusi yang dapat dibuat ialah sukar untuk menafikan bahawa kecemerlangan ibu bapa menjadi modal insan yang utama untuk menjana kecemerlangan anak-anak. Oleh yang demikian, ibu bapa tidak boleh menjadi seperti ketam mengajar anak-anak berjalan lurus tetapi sahutlah laungan pemimpin negara kita iaitu kepimpinan melalui teladan. Sebelum nasi menjadi bubur, atau jika tidak mahu tanam padi tumbuhnya lalang, maka...........................................................................................................................................................

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