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Wildlife Reserves Singapore Yearbook 2006 / 2007

wildlife conservation


Board Of Directors, Committee Members & Honorary Consultants Windows On Wildlife

The Year In Review

Waving The Wildlife Flag

Wildlife Conservation


Endless Possibilities


Reeling In The Crowds

Marketing, Publicity And Communications


A Personal Touch
Service Excellence


An All-Encompassing Experience
Food And Beverage / Retail


Supporters Of The Wild

Sponsors And Donors


Financial & Attendance Information


Everybody needs places... where Nature may heal and cheer and give strength to body and soul.
John Muir Naturalist, writer, conservationist


Board Members Robert Kwan Wai Meng - Executive Chairman Yeo Lian Sim Dr Ngiam Tong Tau Benson Puah Tuan Soon Soo Kok Leng Stefan Joachim Smola Lee Boon Huat (appointed on 13 September 2006) Mark Daley (appointed on 13 September 2006) Mr Lim Neo Chian (appointed on 18 May 2007) Ms Teo Yeow Bee (alternate to Mr Lim, appointed on 18 May 2007)

Animal Welfare & Ethics Committee Chairperson Prof Leo Tan Committee Members Dato Mikaail Kavanagh Dr Chua Sin Bin Mr Bernard Harrison Ms Carla Barker Dr Geh Min Dr Jean-Paul Ly Dr Peter K L Ng Dr Ho Yew Kee Ms Fanny Lai Dr Wong Hon Mun Secretary Mr Biswajit Guha

Experts Committee On Zoonoses Chairperson Dr Hilda Loh Committee Members Dr Ho Yew Yee Dr Ooi Eng Eong Dr Chan Kwai Peng Dr Serena Oh Dr Ng Fook Kheong Dr Leong Hon Keong Dr Tan Ai Ling Secretary Dr Charlene Fernandez

Honorary Consultants Dr Ong Leong Boon Dr Tan Hwa Luck Dr Myra Elliott Dr Zainal Zainuddin Prof Soon-Chye Ng Assoc Prof Francis Seow-Cheon Dr Ooi Eng Eong Dr Yap Chin Kong Dr Eugene Stephen Reynders Dr Peter Schiff Dr Angela Thomas Dr Frederic Chua Dr Susan Kueh Dr Wong Yue Shuen Dr Francis Hui


The three parks under the WRS banner thundered well beyond previously set borders with even more extraordinary experiences that immersed guests in allencompassing learning escapades. The year was also marked with awe-inspiring accomplishments that demonstrated WRS commitment conservation. to wildlife

windows on wildlife
Perhaps the most novel idea to swing into place at Singapore Zoo this financial year was the creation of a free-ranging area for its flagship species, the orang utans. Starting March 2006, guests were able to better observe these arboreal apes indulging in natural behaviours in their treetop habitat. Located across from the orang utan island, the free-ranging area comprises tall trees, thick branches, abundant foliage and vines which replicate the animals natural environment. The orang utans are encouraged to brachiate, or move by swinging with their arms from one hold to another. Wooden platforms and a hammock further stimulate them mentally. Visitors are also able to experience an upclose and personal encounter with the apes during the four daily token feeding sessions which incorporate the opportunity of having a photograph taken with the orang utans in the background. Mother and baby orang utans having a swinging good time as they free range in the treetops.


From 29 June 2006, guests had a closer view and better appreciation of its two Malayan tapirs with the addition of two new shelters with glass windows at the upgraded exhibit. Designed to look like ethnic thatched huts, the shelters also
19 May 2006 marked the first time a primate confiscated from the illegal pet trade in Singapore was repatriated to India. Singapore Zoo worked in tandem with a local non-governmental organisation (NGO) to send Asha, a female rhesus macaque back to her home country. Asha had been rescued from a warehouse in 2004, and Singapore Zoo agreed to care for her until a new home was found, and also helped to arrange the logistics for Ashas repatriation.

boast interpretive signage that contain ecological and conservation facts about this Southeast Asian mammal. Apart from the shelters, more trees and re-landscaped flooring with soft ground were provided so the tapirs would have a more conducive environment. Sliding gates were also introduced in the service area to manage the animals better. The following month, it was the Komodo dragons turn to explore their new surroundings. After a four-month refurbishment exercise, Singapore Zoo reopened this exhibit on 20 July 2006. The two new adjoining enclosures provide a much larger habitat area and more breeding territory. Educational elements are aplenty at this little re-creation of Indonesia, which is the native country of these dragons. These include an expanded sheltered viewing gallery and interpretive signboards that target both adults and children, imparting information on the life and behaviours of the worlds largest lizards. In addition, a CCTV unit has been installed inside the Komodo dragon caves, allowing guests to observe them in their seclusion.

Our komodo dragon basking in its new habitat.



Treading further afield, Singapore Zoo was invited to be involved in setting up a rescue and rehabilitation centre for the endangered Yunnan snub-nosed monkey in China. Representatives from the China Exploration and Research Society (CERS), the Zoological Society of San Diego, the Bai Ma Snow Mountain Reserve and Singapore Zoo, represented by Curator Francis Lim and Veterinarian Dr Oh Soon Hock travelled to Xiang Gu Qing Yunnan snub-nosed monkey reserve in October 2006 for a reconnaissance trip. This trip aimed to determine the need for a rescue and rehabilitation centre and identify suitable sites for the centre. With only a few thousand monkeys left in the wild, it is imperative that such a centre be set up near the reserve since injured animals requiring veterinary intervention currently must travel 14 hours by road to the nearest available veterinarian, a journey which the monkeys do not usually survive. Singapore Zoo will train the veterinarian and keeper staff of this centre, who will be attached to the Zoo for hands-on training and job experience. In line with its aim to transform into the Rainforest Zoo, Rainforest Walk was unveiled in September 2006. This trail offers visitors the vicarious experience of walking amid a tropical rainforest. This beautifully landscaped path featuring diverse tropical flora starts at the parks entrance. Features like antique bullock carts and a fallen tree offer dramatic interest. The living wall, a vertical structure adorned with a variety of hanging plants, adds to the bio-diverse environment. The rich foliage, shallow stream, boulders and gravel flooring further enhance the ambience at Rainforest Walk. Young guests enjoying the lush foliage of Rainforest Walk.

Singapore Zoos beloved polar bear Inuka celebrated his 16th birthday on 26 December 2006 with an ice carving in his likeness and icy birthday cake embedded with fruit and fish, topped with 16 carrot candles. Singapore Press Holdings (SPH) Foundation, a registered charity and an Institution of Public Character (IPC) is continuing the adoption of Inuka. The polar bear had previously been adopted by media company SPH for the last 16 years. Representatives from SPH Foundation, SPH Foundation Wildlife Buddies, SPH Foundation Conservation Ambassadors and the winners of the SPH Foundation Polar Bear conservation contest were present to wish Inuka a happy birthday. The birthday event marked the culmination of a series of conservation and educational activities organised by the Zoo to raise awareness on polar bear conservation and efforts required, during the December holidays.

Inuka, chomping on his carrot candles!


This false gharial has comfortably settled into its new Bornean Marsh home.

Apart from these educational activities, Singapore Zoo also collaborated with National Geographic WILD to initiate an urgent conservation effort to save the Arctic. From 6 December 2006 to 31 January 2007, visitors were able to learn more about polar bears and the effects of global warming on the Arctic from special educational displays and plasma screens set up by National Geographic WILD. To complement the renovated Komodo dragon habitat, other parts of Reptile Garden also received a facelift. The improved Aldabra giant tortoise and rhino iguana exhibits, and the Bornean Marsh habitat were re-opened in March 2007 following a three-month revamp. At the Aldabra giant tortoise exhibit, guests can literally come up close to five male and two female tortoises, a pair of which were recent acquisitions. A keeper-supervised tortoise contact session is held daily between 1.15 1.45pm. These reptiles are the second largest species of tortoises on Earth, and their weight can be more than five times that of an average man. They are also one of the first species to gain conservation protection. The tortoises significantly expanded area features two mud wallows and basking areas. A few small earth mounds have also been added to encourage activity and exploration. The new features will hopefully encourage breeding of these gentle giants, which are considered vulnerable to extinction by the World Conservation Union. Zoo staff watched gingerly as one of our Aldabra giant tortoises was hauled into its new enclosure.


Another key highlight at Reptile Garden is the 300 square metre Bornean Marsh habitat where visitors can enjoy a spectacular birds-eye view of the water pool and marsh vegetation that is now home to three false gharials, several giant river terrapins, box turtles, Burmese land tortoises and a range of unusual plants that add to the marsh-like environment. The Zoo has also refreshed the rhino iguana exhibit, which now has full-length glass panels that enable visitors to have an up-close look at a family of rhino iguanas. The former Small Mammal House was upgraded and renamed Critters Longhouse in December 2006 to display smaller varieties of wildlife found in a tropical rainforest. These unique indoor exhibits incorporate natural vegetation and natural lighting which creates an immersion experience for visitors passing through. Animals displayed here include the golden-handed tamarin, Malayan crested porcupine, Sri Lankan grizzled squirrel, spotted mousedeer, leopard cat, African ground squirrels and Goeldis monkeys.

Together with the National Parks Board, a pilot project was initiated in April 2006 to study the feasibility of birth control as a possible means of long-term population management of long-tailed macaques. Long-tailed macaques are part of our natural heritage and yet most Singaporeans regard them as pests. In nature areas, many macaques acquire a taste for human food because wellmeaning members of the public feed them. Over time, the macaques become bold and aggressive, snatching food from visitors and even entering houses to steal food. This study is especially relevant to the management of fringe populations of monkeys, often breeding profusely, thanks to extra availability of food. Allowing those populations to occupy the space without increasing in numbers will maintain other groups in the forest. A total of $23,300 was disbursed for this project. Zoo Goes to Schools, the outreach programme of Singapore Zoos Education Department, further supported this move to save local wildlife with the launch of its Nature at Our Doorstep talk which aimed to generate awareness for local flora and fauna.

The critically-endangered giant river terrapin can be seen at the Bornean Marsh habitat.


The upgrading of Fishing Cat Trail started in August last year, and is still ongoing. Apart from enhancing visitor experience, the revamp aimed to provide a more functional and environmentally enriching habitat for the animals. Non-slip measures were put place along the walking trails and boardwalks, giving guests a better feel whilst exploring. Habitats were re-landscaped to highlight the natural behaviour of the animals while simultaneously allowing guests to have a closer view of them. Holding facilities were also improved to enhance the animals quality of life. Amongst the reworked exhibits are the binturong, fishing cat and otter habitats. The binturongs have since become very popular, as guests jostle to catch a glimpse of the family group of adults and their young. The fishing cats now enjoy additional fishing spots to hone their skills and the sociable otters have a shallow pool in which to congregate and play. The leopard cat habitat also received a facelift to create opportunities for both the cats and guests to have closer encounters. Visitors to the trail will also get to see a new habitat for mugger crocodiles. In addition, the Indian gharials have since become more visible in their improved habitat, as they explore their new sand banks. These mounds serve to provide a nesting area, and it is hoped they will soon breed. While its focus is on creating awareness and interest in animal conservation, Night Safari is also committed to creating a variety of offerings that further enhance the visitor experience. The grand opening of Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant on 14 November 2006 fits the bill perfectly. This 600-seater gourmet getaway offers a unique dining ED Fanny Lai receiving a cheque from Mr and Mrs Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi of Thai Beverage PLC, Chawangs new adopter. Over at Night Safari, majestic bull elephant Chawang was named the parks iconic animal in May 2006. In line with this mammoth appointment, guests on the tram route can once again view this magnificent crossed-tusker after a hiatus of five years. The pachyderms 2,200 square metre area includes a pool for soaking, exercise yard and a den, hemmed in by natural boulders. The largest and heaviest animal in Singapore Zoo and Night Safari, Chawang stands at close to 3 metres tall and weighs a whopping 3,480kg. He is one of a few crossed-tuskers on display in a Zoo and boasts tusks close to 1.2 metres long. experience amidst a rainforest ambience. Diners are spoilt for choice with the extensive extravaganza of local favourites and international cuisine. Located at the entrance of the park, diners need not pay any entry charge to enjoy a satisfying meal. Redesigned at a cost of $4.3 million and spanning 2,000 square metres, the restaurants design style can be termed as traditional ethnic where architectural accents are melded with a generous use of natural materials such as recycled wood. Coupled with the clever use of ambient lighting, the restaurant integrates well with the natural surroundings, evoking a kampong (traditional village) feel among diners. Working in partnership with Peter Knipp Holdings as F&B consultants and TID Associates as the designers, the project took more than one and a half years from initial concept development, financial feasibility studies and finally construction. The result has been highly encouraging since the re-opening, with revenue consistently more than double of what we used to do at the old Safari Restaurant. Thumbuakar dancers lend an exciting tribal touch to dinner at Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant.


Jurong BirdPark celebrated its 35th anniversary by welcoming guests through a spanking new entrance. This natureinspired facade has an impressive fivemetre high archway that leads to an open Palm Plaza, offering myriad photo opportunities. President S R Nathan officiated at the grand opening on 2 August 2006, and simultaneously launched the parks new logo and Birds n Buddies show. Palm Plaza features a scenic landscaped garden of Southeast Asian palms and gingers with cascades ending into a pool displaying exotic ducks and swans. The close-to-nature welcome for the arriving visitors is now increasingly a favourite amongst urbanised leisure travellers. A new coach bay and covered walkways enable a smooth transition for groups from the entrance to the parks main attractions, one of which is African Wetlands. This exhibit, with its three native-style pavilions and charming display of flora and fauna native to St Lucia of South Africa, transports visitors into one of the worlds great wilderness wetlands. Fringed by tall palms and an understorey of green ferns, this habitat also showcases unique bird species such as shoebills, saddle-billed storks, blue cranes, crested guinea fowls and more. Aside from birds, cichlids, the third largest family of bony fish are also displayed. They The Birds n Buddies show, with new characters, comedy routines and audience interaction, is set to be a popular draw with guests. The 12 colourful bird mascots in their distinctive and creatively-designed With the completion of the avian hospital, Jurong BirdPark achieved a first in the AsiaPacific region. Such a facility greatly enhances the parks capabilities for research into avian medicine and surgery. Fitted with state of the art equipment, it allows the park to enhance and better manage the lifespan, reproduction and health of its residents. The avian hospital plays a fundamental and active role in being a core educational centre for Singaporeans and foreigners alike on special behind-thescenes programmes. come in a variety of stunning colours and demonstrate unique and intense parental care for their eggs and fry, like laying eggs on substrate and in their mouths, and guarding and fanning the eggs. It was a great moment for the Parks brand new exhibit as the African Wetlands received the coveted Best Asean New Tourist Attraction at the 21st Aseanta Awards. The Aseanta Awards for Excellence in Tourism recognises Asean individuals and organisations which have contributed to the development and promotion of the Asean tourism product. Birds n Buddies show bird costumes complement the live bird acts. The Pools Amphitheatre has been outfitted with a series of structures reminiscent of old Singapore. Through the clever use of bamboo and rainforest flora, guests are drawn into the characters world.



WRS unwavering commitment to the preservation of wildlife can be demonstrated through our new and ongoing association to in-situ and ex-situ conservation projects with worldwide zoological partners, and the significant births of endangered species in all three parks. Conservation, research and outreach involvement are guided by the criteria that projects have to be beneficial and of direct conservation value for wildlife and/or their habitats. The focus was also on threatened wildlife in Singapore and Southeast Asia.

waving the wildlife flag

WRS maintains its firm standing as a leading zoological establishment with the provision of the highest standards in exhibit and collection management, animal husbandry and veterinary facilities. A total of $39,500 was pledged towards funding three films highlighting the plight of the babirusa and raising awareness on the threats to Indonesias biodiversity. There are less than 5,000 babirusa left on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Babirusa are killed and sold as bush meat. Furthermore slash and burn agriculture and illegal logging lead to the destruction of its forest home. These films are produced in partnership with the Wanamedia Lestari Foundation. Narrated in Bahasa Indonesia and local dialects, it will be screened in schools in Indonesia including Sulawesi, to reach out to local communities. Funding of $15,000 has been pledged to researcher Jennifer Sheridan, from the University of California, San Diego, for a project on reproductive variation in three widespread frog species. The comparisons between the Singapore and Thai frog populations have surfaced significant observations that may be important in light of the climate change crises. The magnificent tusks of one of our male babirusa.

Frogs, being amphibious, are exposed to land and aquatic environment. The state of their health is a good indicator of environmental problems.



Singapore Zoo remains committed towards contributing biomaterials to different institutions like the National University of Singapore, for collaborative studies and conservation of genetic material. An important contribution of Komodo dragon samples was made to the University of Melbourne, Australia, for research on venom glands in reptiles. To further the conservation cause, fundraising played a key function, and served a secondary role of heightening conservation awareness. Money raised was channelled to Wildlife Conservation Singapore Fund (WCSF), a registered charity and Institute of Public Character. The fund supports educational, research and conservation projects in Singapore and cares for threatened animals at Singapore Zoo and Night Safari. Our Komodo dragons are part of a study on venom glands. To commemorate Earth Day on 22 April 2006, Singapore Zoo encouraged visitors to do their part for wildlife conservation by buying a plant. A variety of cacti, ferns, orchids and air plants were made available for sale, with 20% of the profits going to WCSF. On 3 September 2006, WCSF held its inaugural flag day. This islandwide donation drive galvanised 1,538 volunteers who collected more than $36,000 for the fund. To celebrate World Animal Day on 4 October the same year, Singapore Zoo initiated the Adopt-An-Animal. Save a Species programme. This scheme encourages Singaporeans to play a more direct role in the conservation and preservation of wildlife. Five endangered animal species were offered for adoption: the Asian elephant, douc langur, orang utan, proboscis monkey and pygmy hippo. With the help of Ikea, Singapore Zoo was able to generate further publicity for the programme through the distribution of over 1,000 Adopt An Animal brochures. These were packaged with Ikeas Christmas catalogue and a complimentary Ikea toy. These items were placed on the curb of every car park lot in Singapore Zoo on 19 November 2006 at 7am. Besides providing the token toys, Ikea also volunteered the manpower required for packing and distribution. Between October 2006 and March 2007, this programme raised $13,500. The programme is ongoing, and supporters can pledge their adoption through the zoos website and brochures available in the park.

The Adopt-An-Animal programme is an excellent way for individuals to play a direct role in conservation.



On 19 February 2007, the second day of the Lunar New Year, a male white rhinoceros was born, incidentally the ninth successful birth here, which brings the Zoos current collection to nine. A fourth Caribbean manatee calf was born in July 2006 and a total of five animals, comprising two males and three females, can be seen sharing the sea lions habitat. This birth was eagerly anticipated since there are only a handful of zoos worldwide that are breeding Caribbean manatees. Various other births and hatchings include six nyala, an African The Douc langur population has thrived. This year alone, four babies were born. Singapore Zoos collaboration with the Zoological Society of San Diego on the study of infant development in langurs continues for an additional year. This project has been expanded to include proboscis monkey infants. A total of four Douc langurs and four proboscis monkeys have been studied to date. There has been tremendous observational information gathered and this will be published in peer-reviewed journals in the coming year. Singapore Zoos remarkable breeding record for the year under review soared, especially with endangered primate species. Some notable examples include four births of the Douc langur, two males and two females, bringing our total collection to 15 animals. Eight of these colourful primates can be seen in their habitat at Primate Kingdom, while the remainder are maintained in breeding units offexhibit. The endangered proboscis monkey from Borneo successfully produced three offspring, with the most significant one being born in September 2006. This was the first Singapore Zoo-born offspring from captive bred parents, proving that our captive management and husbandry practices are sound and commendable. Other significant primate births included a male Bornean orang utan, bringing our total collection to 17; several species of marmosets and tamarins like the black tuft-eared marmoset, and red-bellied tamarin; and a Sri Lankan purple-faced langur. Singapore Zoo now has five Caribbean manatees in its collection. antelope; two Nubian ibex; a pygmy hippo and two jackass penguins. In total, 43 births were recorded for Singapore Zoo.



This year, Singapore Zoo also saw the import of 47 animals of 15 species from 13 different partnering zoological institutions. Five new species were introduced to the Zoos collection, namely the spotted mouse deer and grizzled giant squirrels from Sri Lanka; the white-nosed coatimundi, a raccoon-like animal, and two species of hornbills, the Blyths and the rhinoceros. The coatimundis were acquired as part of the collection plan for the proposed Rainforest Show, as were 15 blue and gold macaws. The acquisition of two pairs of spotted mouse deer from the National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka is particularly important because no other institution outside of Sri Lanka and India have this unique and interesting species. One pair has been housed in Critters Longhouse where they are displaying very well, and the other pair will be kept in an off exhibit area where we hope they will breed. Other animals received include two female Goeldis monkeys, four jackass penguins from Artis Zoo, Amsterdam; a male white-faced saki monkey from Hong Kong Zoo and two female Linnes two-toed sloths from Guyana. A total of 82 animals of 29 species were exported, and these were sent to 24 different zoos and wildlife centres. Four species of animals were removed from our collection, in line with our direction towards becoming a Rainforest Zoo, and also because the individual animals kept here would contribute more significantly to ongoing breeding programmes elsewhere. These are the barbary sheep, pygmy slow loris, prairie dog and Bolivian squirrel monkey. A total of 18 lesser mouse deer were exported to various institutions, including four males to Jurong BirdPark. In April 2006, a pair of whitehanded gibbons and a female black and white ruffed lemur were sent to Papanack Zoo, Canada. Two female pygmy hippos were exported to Lowry Park Zoo in USA. Two pumas and guanacos and nine prairie dogs were sent to Zoo Negara, Malaysia, as part of an exchange agreement in July 2006. The Zoo continues to work with the Agri-Food & Veterinary Our female Bongo calf stands tall beside its mother. Authority of Singapore to provide a suitable home and transit point for confiscated and donated animals. A female white-handed gibbon and a slow loris were the most significant animals donated last year. A total of 152 animals were accepted from the public, AVA and Singapore Police Force throughout the year, with the majority being reptiles. Night Safari also welcomed some new additions. In July 2006, a male cape buffalo joined the five-strong herd. A male Malayan tapir, born October 2006, increased our numbers to six. Our bongo collection was upped to four with the birth of a female in January this year. Other notable births include three Himalayan tahrs, two servals, two Asian small-clawed otters and three water buffaloes. Nineteen animals of eight species were exported to five different zoos: two male and three female otters to Seaworld, Orlando, USA; four male and one female spotted hyenas to Monarto Park, Australia to participate in a breeding programme; and one male golden cat to Heidelberg Zoo, Germany on a breeding loan. A male capybara and two male white storks were also imported to add to our collection. Spotted mouse deer



Snowy owl

Jurong BirdParks World of Darkness received a boost with several new species of owls, namely snowy, boobook, Eurasian eagle and great grey. These came as part of an exchange programme from a breeding centre in Belgium and have already gone on display. Shoebills and Demoiselle cranes were acquired for the new African Wetlands habitat. Several species of ducks, geese and swans were added to the Swan Lake exhibit. The public donated 70 birds from 30 species to the Park. A majority was from the parrot family. A Himalayan griffon vulture that went off course was found weak and dehydrated in the city. It was nursed back to health. Jurong BirdPark welcomed 204 chicks hatched from 55 species of birds, of which 11 2 c h i c k s f r o m 3 5 s p e c i e s a r e endangered or protected. These included the highly endangered golden conure, Luzon bleeding-heart pigeon, palm cockatoo, Bali mynah, Moluccan cockatoo and Nicobar pigeon. Other hatchings included crowned pigeon, eclectus parrot, wrinkled and oriental pied hornbills, turkey vulture and greater flamingo. First time breeding successes came from Javan kingfisher and masked plover.

Greater flamingo chick



Oriental pied hornbill parent and juvenile (left)

The Singapore Hornbill Project continued to take centrestage in Jurong BirdParks in-situ research. This project is a joint effort with National Parks Board and Nanyang Technological University on the study of the oriental pied hornbill, the remaining species of hornbills native to Singapore. An ex-situ study, on the same species in the BirdPark was also carried out. This allowed for the gathering and correlating of data collected in Pulau Ubin and the park. The results of this project can potentially set the stage for conservation and research work in other tropical species of hornbills, which are also in need of help and support.

general behaviour and the diet of three pairs of adult oriental pied hornbills. 24-hour video recording was used to track the movement of the birds in captivity. At the end of the project, the daily requirement of nutrition for the hornbills during the breeding season was determined. Results of these projects can potentially set the stage for our conservation and research work in other tropical species of hornbills, which are also in need of help and support. Jurong BirdPark collaborated

Several other projects spun off from the initial Singapore Hornbill Project. Their wild nesting behaviour (on Pulau Ubin) was compared to the parks captive pairs in the Park. Infrared cameras were fitted to each nest to observe what was happening in the nest cavity during breeding, incubation, hatching and fledging. We supported the in-situ studies on Pulau Ubin by donating a nestbox and video recording system and also managed the fund for the study. At the BirdPark, the breeding behaviour seemed to mirror those in the wild. Another project was the field study of factors contributing to predation and cannibalism in nesting oriental pied hornbills on Pulau Ubin. The breeding and nesting cycle of these birds began around December and ended in April. After hatching, the young nestlings and their mother remained within the sealed nest cavity for more than one month, fed by the adult male via a small hole in the nest. The location and characteristics of the nest, such as its size and height might predispose the nest to predation. Cannibalism of the chick was observed with the aid of 24-hour video recording in the wild. Yet another study was that on nutrition of nesting oriental pied hornbills in Jurong BirdPark, which involved observations of the

with Singapore Polytechnic on a project to sex monomorphic birds using feathers and cheek cells. In monomorphic bird species, males and females cannot be determined by their external characteristics. The objective of the project is to develop a protocol to Black-winged starling

determine the sex of the endangered black-winged starling through molecular techniques on DNA extracted from their feathers and cheek cells. The protocol was successfully developed in Singapore Polytechnics laboratory. The National Institute of Environmental Studies of Japan (NIES), for the cryo-preservation of cells of endangered bird species, initiated an international collaborative research to promote the efficiency of increasing genetic diversity and reproductive potency of endangered bird species, and development and standardisation of techniques for such research. The Park was working with NIES as part of an ex-situ conservation project.



Significant developments within the veterinary department include some staff changes and new areas of focus. In addition to managing the ongoing clinical case load, the department has been focusing on developing preventative health programmes, and continues to nurture the important relationship between the zoology and veterinary departments, which is crucial in providing the best care possible for our animals. Additionally, WRS plays a very important role in assisting the authorities with animals resulting from the illegal wildlife trade and confiscation of illegal pets, and the veterinary department is responsible for ensuring their health and welfare is paramount. The veterinary department continues to develop its role in the conservation activities of Singapore Zoological Gardens. One of these includes the development of a training programme for veterinarians and qualified veterinary nurses, many of whom have little wildlife experience but are kindly donating their time and veterinary skills to many worthwhile wildlife charities and nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) in Southeast Asia. By passing on valuable skills and knowledge at no cost, we hope to support a wide range of conservation efforts in a practical and lasting manner. The veterinary department is also involved in training programmes for staff, and external agencies keeping them current on methods

of wildlife care. External departments include the Singapore Police Force and the National Parks Board, that often require assistance with species native to Singapore. There is also a big demand from veterinary students from a range of veterinary schools around the world, seeking placement with the veterinary department, and we have been very fortunate in the quality of students that we have worked with. The veterinary departments goal is to ensure the optimum health and welfare of the animals in our care, and is proud to support the valuable efforts in conservation and education by our parks. All three parks continued their efforts against the possibility of avian influenza by testing all birds in the collection and ensuring that these are vaccinated against the HPAI virus. Exercise drills, based on different scenarios, were conducted regularly, which allowed us to review our response time and operational readiness in the unlikely event of an infection. We continue to work closely with officers from the Agri-food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore and maintain vigilance over the animal collection as well as events happening within the region. As at 31 March 2007, Singapore Zoo had a total of 2,530 animals representing 315 species. Night Safari had a total of 1,040 animals representing 120 species. Jurong BirdParks collection stood at 8,000 birds representing 610 species.

Avian hospital



Efforts to transform WRS into the best living classroom in Singapore intensified. The Education Department introduced a number of educational initiatives to reach out to schools and the community at large. Singapore Zoo and Night Safari hosted 141,000 students, while 25,000 students visited Jurong BirdPark during the year. The Singapore Zoo Stories encourage children to engage in the Chinese language while learning about the Zoos star residents, Learning the Chinese language took on a new dimension for primary one students with the launch of a set of Chinese resource material featuring four story books on Ah Meng, the orang utan and Komali, the elephant, a workbook for students and a learning manual for teachers and parents. An audio CD with a zoo theme song was included. The resource pack titled The Singapore Zoo Stories, is a collaboration with Teachers Network and was written by a panel of seven school teacher authors. Workshops were also conducted by two of the teacher-authors to encourage Chinese language teachers from all schools in Singapore to engage their students through the use of the resource pack during their Zoo visit. Ah Meng and Komali.

endless possibilities
A youth camp Personal Effectiveness Through Animal Wisdom was launched in December. It is hoped that the camp will serve as an effective platform to engage youths, a market segment that has always been a challenge to penetrate. Participants drew valuable lessons from animal behaviour and learned to hone their leadership skill, set goals, take charge and listen to others.

Zoo camps allow school children to build camaraderi and learn about conservation and the environment at the same time.



With Braille interpretives, even the visually handicapped can enjoy the Zoo.

The transformation into a Learning Zoo aims to touch all segments of the community, including the visually handicapped. Braille interpretives were installed at 10 popular exhibits, such as the elephant, tiger, otter and proboscis monkey. Braille guidebooks with a map indicating the locations of the exhibits can be borrowed free-of-charge at the Visitor Services Booth. Taking this community outreach initiative to fruition, 20 students from Gan Eng Seng Secondary School were trained as Wildlife Buddies (sponsored by SPH Foundation) to guide visually handicapped visitors around the Zoo. Conservation education remained a key focus in generating public awareness. Apart from the traditional platforms such as Wildlife Wonders, Little Red Dot, talks and tours, a valuable partnership with National Geographic WILD was also forged. The partnership served to engage the public through different vehicles including gripping wildlife footage screened at various exhibits, talks by Dr Brady Barr, National Geographics resident herpertologist, on-air and on-ground joint activities. Interpretives at Night Safari were upgraded with back-lit features and narration in four languages to enhance visitor experience. Information panels about polar bears were exhibited at the Zoos entrance plaza as part of the collaborative efforts with National Geographic WILD.



Close encounters with a secretary bird

At Jurong BirdPark, the Birds of Prey behind-the-scenes programme was chosen as a tourism elective fieldtrip for ITE College West Clementi. The Birds of Prey show was also videotaped and made into a teaching tool for the elective. A group of events management students also selected the park to work on a project on organising a bird conservation event for their fellow students and teachers in the module. Three new guided tours were introduced for kindergarten children. In conjunction with the opening of the new African Wetlands exhibit, a series of African-themed special tours and bird camps were also designed for primary and secondary school students. A minibirdwatching experience was specially arranged and conducted for three year old kindergarten students. Students from Indonesia enjoyed a newly created one-day bird camp with behind-the-scenes programme and feeding opportunities with the birds. The Birds of Prey behind-the-scenes programme

was conducted in Mandarin for China students. This was the pilot attempt with future opportunities of international and Mandarin speaking students visiting the BirdPark and participating in the Birds of Prey behind-the-scenes programme. Jurong BirdPark was featured in a childrens entertainment programme, which was aired on Suria on 31 December 2006. It featured the Park as one of the fun and educational venues for children to go during holidays. Feeding the lories, pelicans, bee eaters and starlings and Eggs and Chicks, the behind-the-scenes programme were featured. Fun activities at the Splash and Slide Station and Birds n Buddies show were also highlighted. The Park participated in the Singapore Art Museums school holiday event Animals in the Museum, targeted at children between 4 and 11 years old. Live parrots, specimens of eggs, feathers, skeletons and bones, and board games relating to birds and suitable for young children were displayed at the booth for public interaction and participation, and chat talks for educating the public on bird conservation.



The marketing team had an invigorating year with a plethora of value-added initiatives, aimed at increasing visitorship. Local and international publicity campaigns also featured prominently in the calendar.

reeling in the crowds

Visitorship for all three parks totalled 3.3 million, a healthy 3.2% growth over FY05/06. Local and tourist visitorship for Singapore Zoo totalled 1 million and 0.4 million respectively, representing a growth of 2% and 33% in the respective segments. Night Safari received 3% more visitors compared to last financial year. Its attendance totalled 1.04 million, of which 86% were tourists. MICE functions held at Singapore Zoo and Night Safari brought in S$1.3 million in revenue, posting an 18% decrease over FY05/06. Although there were 28% more events in FY06, the drop in revenue was due to the closure of Safari Restaurant for redevelopment works of a brand new dining concept Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant, and renovation works for Rainforest Trail leading to a new tram route. However, there were a few key MICE events that led to more significant publicity for our parks. Our guests included IMF World Bank delegates and their spouses, CNBC TV India and Shiram Investors, which included
Singapore Zoo reached out to the masses with a bang through outdoor advertising media. Commuters on the streets were greeted by orang utans, otters and elephants at bus shelters with 3D flagship shelters, 2D posters and 6-sheet posters all around the island. The year-long Extinction is Forever. Conserve. initiative is supported by Clear Channel. The success of this campaign was replicated with Night Safari. In October, the nocturnal wildlife park launched a series of 6-sheet and 2D posters ads, featuring endangered Asian species like Asian elephant, Indian rhino and Malayan tiger.

Bollywood legend Dharmendra. In an effort to keep the brand relevant, Singapore Zoo refreshed its logo with a new, contemporary look, while retaining the name Singapore Zoo in May 2006. This modern look and feel of the logo embodies the essence of a fun, learning experience offered by the park to visitors of all ages. The tagline Rainforest. Animals. Life is apt as it evokes an imagery of the Zoo as a rainforest park with animals that inspire us for life.

Singapore Zoo reiterated its position that wildlife, such as the endangered orang utans, should not be kept as pets. This educational message was communicated through a television commercial launched end May 2006 which highlighted that these primates should remain in the wild and not be kept as pets. Singapore Zoo also reached out to the masses with a bang through outdoor advertising medium. Commuters on the streets were greeted by orang utans, otters and elephants at bus shelters with 3D flagship shelters, 2D posters and 6-sheet posters found all around the island. The year-long Extinction is Forever. Conserve. initiative is supported by Clear Channel.



Singapore Zoos enduring icon: Ah Meng, the Sumatran orang utan.

Two sales missions to China yielded an influx of visits from China nationals: Beijing International Tourism Expo (BITE 2006) in June and China International Trade Mart (CITM 2006) in November. Between 28 July to 31 August 2006, 5,000 students from schools across China visited Singapore Zoo and Night Safari. The visits were coordinated by Golden Travel. During their time in the parks, educational worksheets were given out to the students to enrich the outdoor living classroom experience. For 18 nights in July and August 2006, 9,000 Amway China delegates visited Night Safari as part of their incentive trip to Singapore. The local ground handler was Vacation Asia. This is by far the largest MICE movement to our parks. The parks were abuzz throughout the year with a storm of events to complement festivities, school holidays and the opening of new or relaunched exhibits. Ah Meng, Singapore Zoos famous Sumatran orang utan celebrated her 46th birthday on 18 June. Her birthday bash was a great success with over 120 guests and media attending the event. This birthday party was the highlight of a series of events organised to raise awareness of the threats faced by both species of orang utans, the Bornean and the Sumatran, and included activities such as nostalgic photo competitions and coconut Families congregated at Pavilion By The Lake for the screening of Barnyard. husking challenge; pitting visitors abilities against those of an orang utan husking a coconut from within its exhibit. Barnyard, the first of two charity movie screenings for the year, was shown at Singapore Zoos Pavilion by the Lake on 26 August 2006. The second charity movie screened was Charlottes Web on 15 December 2006. For both charity movie screenings, priority was given to adopters and donors of Wildlife Conservation Singapore Fund, Friends of the Zoo, Wildlife Unlimited members and Corporate Friends of the Zoo members. The movie screenings raised a total of $5,480 and $2,760 respectively; giving a net total of $8,240 that was channeled to the Wildlife Conservation Singapore Fund.



During the September school holidays, Singapore Zoo conveyed conservation messages by inviting visitors to the Asian small-clawed otter exhibit to join in with fun recycling activities such as recycled pencil treat, otters clean up crew challenge, fancy dress race and art from waste workshops. Singapore Zoo ushered in the Year of the Pig with a stream of hogspicious Lunar New Year activities. Daily highlights included the all new Happy Hogs Show, Zoodiac Trail, pig topiary at Zoo entrance, traditional new year goodies at Rainforest Courtyard, Chinese arts bazaar and yusheng at Restaurants in the Wild and Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant. Weekend and public holiday highlights included lunar lion dance, blessings from God of Fortune, special token feeding sessions for babirusa and warthog, flying lion stunts, Zoodiac stars gathering and luminous dragon dance at the entrance of Singapore Zoo and Night Safari. In conjunction with the newly upgraded Reptile Garden, visitors could join in for some scaly fun with Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles appearance and tortoise pop up card creation workshop with Oistein Kristiansen. Other fringe activities included stunt performances at the Zoo entrance, Wildlife in China photo exhibition, a talk by renowned wildlife photographer Mr Xi Zhinong and performances by Samba Masala, a Brazilian percussion band. The Happy Hogs Show was a hit with guests during the Lunar New Year period.

Jurong BirdPark received a total of 817,000 visitors, representing a decrease of 5% over FY05/06 due to the main entrance development and adverse bird flu news in the region. The tourist segment made up 60% of total visitorship. As part of the grand opening of the BirdPark entrance on 2 August 2006, President S R Nathan also launched the new, vibrant and colourful BirdPark logo. Various sales missions to promote the park overseas were undertaken. In March 2007, Jurong BirdPark participated in Guangzhou International Travel Fair (GITF) and 1+1 Southern China Road Show sales mission to Guangzhou and Xiamen, China. The objective was to solicit deals with potential outbound travel agents, to gather valuable market information and have a better understanding of the large and potentially dynamic China market base through first hand agents feedback and consumer contact. In April 2006, the Parks Senior Manager (Marketing & Corporate Affairs) was invited by Singapore Tourism Board (STB) to perform and host the Consumer and Trade Event programmes in Kolkata, Hyderabad and Ludhiana. The event gave the Park strategic mileage in these high growth Indian cities. Jurong BirdPark also played host to several overseas film crews, bringing the Park into the media spotlight. An Indian TV crew representing Star Plus, the top rated Hindi-language entertainment network in Mumbai, shot on location in December 2006. This was for an episode of Ba Bahoo Baby, a popular weekly TV series thats aired on cable channel 41 locally. This programme has a strong following amongst the Hindi speaking community in India. The full-day shoot covered locations like the Waterfall Aviary, Pelican Cove and Lory Loft, with one of the hosts taking part in the secretary bird act at the Birds of Prey Show. In March 2007, a Fu Jian China TV programme did an extended feature on Jurong BirdPark. Shooting covered many of the Parks attractions and the programme was aired over 10 TV stations to an audience of 1 billion viewers in May 2007.


Training and development of WRS employees continued to be a key functional role actively pursued by managers and their staff. WRS human resource team continued to be the focal point for all training activities as it strived to enhance the core competencies and professional image of all staff. WOW training is regularly held for Zoo staff to learn more about the world of flora and fauna.

a personal touch
A milestone achievement for Zoology Departments in-house training for zookeepers was the initiative to collaborate with the Singapore Workforce Development Agency (WDA) to help enhance the Zoo Biology Basic Course and obtain accreditation under the Workforce Skills Qualifications framework. The course was accredited in May 2006. Sixteen keepers from both the Zoo and Night Safari attended this 80-hour course, conducted once weekly over a period of 20 weeks. Several zoology staff members were given the opportunity to undertake overseas training courses and attend relevant conferences and workshops. These included six staff (three each from the Zoo and Night Safari) who attended the International Zoo Keepers Conference in Australia; two Deputy Head Keepers who attended a Primate Training and Enrichment Workshop in the USA and a Head Keeper who participated in the Amphibian Biodiversity Conservation Course at the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust in the Channel Islands, Jersey. In September 2006, seven zoology officers from both the Zoo and Night Safari attended the South East Asian Zoos Association (SEAZA) conference in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. Six presentations were made, and these were well received by the conference participants. Two elephant keepers, one each from the Zoo and Night Safari, attended the Elephant Management School in Hamburg, Germany in November 2006. One keeper each from Zoo and Night Safari were sent on attachment to Khao Kheow Zoo and Dusit Zoo, both in Thailand, to learn about the breeding of the clouded leopard and Douc langur respectively, in March 2007. Following their overseas stints, these staff members shared their experiences through presentations for their colleagues during lunchtime talks. Just as our resident animals enjoy behavioural enrichment to mentally stimulate them, different recreational and welfare activities were planned throughout the year to encourage staff to keep fit and upkeep the spirit of camaraderie. Some of the more colourful examples included a durian party, in-line skating lessons, desktop yoga sessions, healthy cooking workshops and various sporting tournaments.



WRS service excellence did not go unnoticed by the industry as all three parks won several accolades during the 21st Singapore Tourism Awards 2006. Night Safari won Best Leisure Attraction Experience, the seventh time since its inception in 1994. This outstanding achievement marks the 17th time Wildlife Reserves Singapore (WRS) parks have been named Best Leisure Attraction Experience since the industry awards was first introduced in 1985; with eight previous wins by Singapore Zoo and two from Jurong BirdPark. As added icing on the cake, all three parks emerged winners in the Top 10 Best Family Experiences category: Jungle breakfast at Singapore Zoo, Catch the Creatures of the Night Show at Night Safari, and Feed the Lories at Jurong BirdPark. Altogether, 101 WRS staff received the Excellent Service Award (EXSA) in 2006: 22 Star, 45 Gold and 34 Silver winners. This national award recognises individuals who have delivered outstanding service. Additionally, among the pool of 49 Stars from the various attractions, Emmey Mohd B Nenpari from Night Safari Operations emerged victorious with the prestigious SuperStar award. Mr Roslee Mustaffa, a technician from Jurong BirdPark was also awarded the Model Worker for the Singapore Labour Foundation (SLF) Educational Tours Award in August 2006.

The BirdPark was conferred the Certificate of Commendation by the Singapore industrial & Services Employees Union (SISEU) in recognition of the Parks strong commitment and contribution towards an excellent labourmanagement relationship. It also won a Gold Award for the Singapore Health Award in August 2006 by the Health Promotion Board to give national recognition to organisations with commendable Workplace Health Promotion programmes. In March 2007, Jurong BirdPark was accredited the Pro-Family Business Mark with its facilities, products, services, activities and programmes that entice family outings and enhance and enrich family bonding. With this accreditation, BirdPark is amongst the first 50 companies in Singapore to be awarded such a mark.



For an overview of WRS, the F&B department showed an improvement in revenue of $1.96 million (10.7%) over the previous FY. However, profit eroded by 13.4% versus the last year, due to the initial start up and write off costs for the present FYs projects. At present, the overall F&B revenue constitutes 25% of the WRS total revenue and 34% for NBPT. With better understanding of the customer needs from surveys and the past development projects, we will continue to fine tune and evolve our F&B to offer better alternatives at a more profitable margin for the organisation. The rustic ambience of Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant is the perfect setting for a memorable dinner.

an all-encompassing experience
Aside from the opening of Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant at Night Safari, Jurong BirdPark experienced new frontiers in dining. In line with the re-development of the entrance, a Bongo Burgers restaurant took over the former McDonalds site at the park. More than half a million dollars was spent setting up this second Bongo outlet, with the first being in Night Safari. Guests can now enjoy a quick casual dining experience with a special African theme. In Singapore Zoo, work was done to develop mobile carts which are used throughout the park on weekends and other peak seasons to build our kiosks business. In the area of banqueting and events organisation, we focused heavily on corporate dinners, overseas student groups and Gourmet Safari Express. Due to renovations to Safari Restaurant, locations at the Zoo were used as substitute for the daily dinners. This resulted in lost opportunities for hosting functions and banquets. Prominent luminaries in FY06/07 included Minister of State, S Iswaran and Jane Goodall, the conservationist. Our regular clients for Gourmet Safari Express include Wildlife Asia, Hewlett Packard, Prudential and INSEAD.



An avalanche of exciting merchandise awaits guests at Zoo Shop.

In October 2006, Singapore Zoo launched its first retail outlet named Zoo Shop. Fully operated and managed by the Zoo, the 4,000 square feet shop showcases a rainforest theme design and dcor. Zoo Shop carries a wide range of offerings for both young and old. Customers can find specially crafted plush, souvenir items and apparel under Singapore Zoos own branding and concept. The Glow in the Dark cave is always a magnet for children and adults looking for something different. Visitors from all over the world can also buy keepsakes from Singapore Zoo and Night Safari at a click of their mouse. The parks have launched an online shopping facility SafariZoo Shop. The e-store can be accessed at and offers a brimming selection of animal-themed items. Feathers - a newly-opened, spacious retail Jurong BirdPark also opened its first self-managed gift shop in July 2006. Aptly named Feathers, this spacious 2,000 square feet retail outlet offers visitors an unforgettable shopping experience with a wide array of bird-related merchandise and unique, limited edition gifts. World famous brands, such as Harley Davidson, sell specially designed tees sporting the eagle and the Parks iconic attraction, the worlds tallest man-made waterfall. A second retail outlet called Wings opened in February 2007 to offer a wider range of gifts and merchandise. outlet at Jurong BirdPark.



Zoo Adopters FY 06/07 Name of Adopters Abbott Laboratories(S) Pte Ltd The Australian International School, Singapore Borneo Motors (S) Pte Ltd DBS Bank Ltd DFS Venture Singapore (Pte) Limited E D & F Man Asia Pte Ltd Eu Yan Sang International Ltd Adopted Exhibit Growie, The Giraffe Banjo, The Orang Utan Cheetah Exhibit Animal Friends Show Gambir, The Asian Elephant Cocoa Tree Traditional Chinese Medicine interpretive at Wildlife Healthcare and Research Centre viewing gallery Omar, The White Tiger Gangsa, The Gibbon

F&N Coca-Cola (Singapore) Pte Ltd General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation of Singapore Haw Par Corporation Limited Henkel Singapore Pte Ltd Hess Education Centre

Leopard Exhibit Makhulu, The Chimpanzee Anita, The Orang Utan Donor Wall at Wildlife Healthcare and Research Centre Donor Wall at Wildlife Healthcare and Research Centre Mandrill Exhibit Tropical Crops Plantation Chomel, The Orang Utan Miri and Merlin, The Orang Utans Jaguar Exhibit Lucy and Roni, The Giraffes Amhara Stone Village Exhibit Cannonball Tree Gunta, The Orang Utan Binte, The Orang Utan Pelican Exhibit Otter Segment Wonders of the Wild Show Tree Frog Exhibit Pot-Bellied Pig Exhibit Penguin Exhibit Sang Wira, The Elephant SPH Foundation Conservation Ambassadors Proboscis Monkey at SPH Foundation Conservation Centre Inuka, The Polar Bear Sealion Segment Cotton Top Tamarin Exhibit Red Langur Exhibit Labu, The Orang Utan Tu Bao, The Douc Langur Malayan Tapir Exhibit

supporters of the wild

Wildlife Conservation Singapore Fund is a registered charity and an Institution of Public Character with the primary objectives of promoting education, conservation, research, protection and habitat of endangered wildlife. Donations, adoptions and sponsorships to the Fund are given tax-exempt receipts.

Hong Leong Foundation Interbev (Singapore) Limited International Researchers Club Lee Foundation Singapore

Mcdata Technology Systems Singapore Pte Ltd Malayan Motors Mitsubishi Corporation MobileOne Ltd Mr Ian Peter Windle Mr Michael John Martin Mrs Christina Ong, Club 21 Pte Ltd NEC Semiconductors Singapore Pte Ltd Nokia Pte Ltd SembCorp Environmental Management Pte Ltd Singapore Food Industries Ltd Singapore Petroleum Company Ltd Singapore Police Co-Operative Society Limited Singapore Press Holdings Foundation Ltd

Singapore Technologies Aerospace Ltd SMRT Corporation Ltd Starhub Mobile Pte Ltd Tanglin Trust School Ltd Tanglin Trust School (Year 9) Cheng Kim Loke Foundation and Lady YP McNeice The Hongkong And Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited The Shaw Foundation Pte

Ah Meng, The Orang Utan Meerkat Exhibit The Shaw Foundation Amphitheatre Manatee Exhibit Winnie, The White Tiger Squirrel Monkey Jati, The Elephant Rabbit

Tiger Airways Pte Ltd Unilever Singapore Pte Ltd United Test And Assembly Center Ltd Wuthelam Holdings Pte Ltd



Night Safari Adopters FY 06/07 Name of Adopters American International Assurance Company, Limited Bedok Police Division Chemical Industries (Far East) Limited DFS Venture Singapore (Pte) Limited F&N Coca Cola (Singpapore) Pte Ltd Goodwood Park Hotel Ltd and Khoo Foundation Haw Par Healthcare Limited International Researchers Club JTB Pte Ltd Millward Brown Asia Pacific MobileOne Ltd Mr and Mrs Lim Soo Peng Mr Martin Storey Network For Electronic Transfers (Singapore) Pte Ltd Nokia Pte Ltd Police Coast Guard Singapore Prison Service Adopted Exhibit Porcupine Exhibit Giant Flying Squirrel Malayan Tiger Viewing Shelter Thamin and Mouflon Habitats Lesser Bushbaby Exhibit Fishing Cat Trail Tiger Habitat Kinkajou Exhibit Sambar Deer and Elephant Habitats Mousedeer Giraffe Habitat Red-Crowned Crane Babirusa Habitat Axis Deer Pedro, The Otter Axis Deer Forest Eagle Owl White-Bellied Sea Eagle Habitat Marshbird Habitat Ankole Exhibit Otter Habitat (Leopard Trail) Serval Segment Creatures of the Night Show Chawang Exhibit Slow Loris Habitat Tarsier Habitat Waterbuck

Singapore Refining Company Pte Ltd Singapore Telecom Mobile Pte Ltd Standard Chartered Bank Starhub Mobile Pte Ltd Thai Beverage Plc The Shaw Foundation Pte Unilever Singapore Pte Ltd Wuthelam Holdings Pte Ltd



Jurong BirdPark Adopters FY 06/07 Name of Adopters Baxter Healthcare SA, Singapore Branch Club HDB FUJI Photo Film (Singapore) Pte Ltd Adopted Exhibit Harry, The Wreathed Hornbill Parco, The Double-Yellow Headed Amazon FUJI World of Hawks Show + FUJI, the White-Bellied Sea Eagle Ronnie II, The Brahminy Kite Carlos, The Dalmatian Pelican 24 Flamingos at The Birds n Buddies Show Riverine Exhibit Penguin Expedition Bali Mynah Exhibit White Bellied Sea Eagle Mr. Horn, The Toco Toucan Ippey, The Scarlet Macaw The Puffins White-Tailed Sea Eagle Barn and Spotted Wood Owls Exhibit Sasha, The Red-Legged Seriema Birds N Buddies Show, Carribean Flamingo Samson, The Golden Eagle Mac, The Scarlet Macaw Kings of the Skies Show Great-Pied Hornbill Exhibit Batman and Robin (German Pointer Dogs) The Snowy Owls at The World of Darkness Lesser Bird Of Paradise Fly-Pass Macaws African Grasslands Panorail Trains Shoebill Stork Angel, The Harris Hawk Lancer, The Brahminy Kite

Goodwood Park Hotel Honeywell (Singapore) Pte Ltd Hong Leong Foundation Hydrochem(S) Pte Ltd

Birdlife Conservation Singapore Fund (the Fund) is a registered charity and an Institution of Public Character with the primary objectives of promoting education, conservation, research, protection and improvement of endangered birdlife. Donations and sponsorships to the Fund are given tax-exempt receipts.
Lee Foundation Singapore Lady Yuen Peng McNeice MobileOne Ltd Network for Electronic Transfers (S) Pte Ltd Nokia Pte Ltd Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd Reddot Publishing Inc Pte Ltd SECOM (Singapore) Pte Ltd Singapore Food Industries Limited Singapore Press Holdings Limited

Singapore Refining Company Pte Ltd Singapore Technologies Aerospace Ltd SMRT Corporation Ltd Solid Gold Pets (S.E.A.) Pte Ltd Sunbear Publishing Pte Ltd Sutera Harbour Resort The Shaw Foundation Private The Stewart Family Foundation Inc Thai Airways International Public Company Limited Tony Wong Jensen Unilever Singapore Pte Ltd United Overseas Bank Limited


Wildlife Reserves Singapore Financial & Attendance Information

Total Revenue FY 06/07 $75.95m FOB/FOZ/WU 4% Trams/Panorail 12% Adoptions & Donations 2%

Others 6% F&B 26%

Admission 44%

Retail 6%

Total Expenses FY 06/07 $71.58m Animal Feed & Vet Expenses 3% Utilities 5% Marketing A&P 6% General & Administration 5%

Net Depreciation and write off 19%

Maintenance Expenses 10% Professional & Consultancy 4%

F&B and Retail Costs of Sales 12%

Staff Costs 36%

18 3.5 3.0 2.5 TOTAL VISITORS (in million) 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 FY 15 12 9 6 NPAT 3 ($ in million) 0 -3 -6 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07
Jurong BirdPark Singapore Zoo Night Safari WRS


80 Mandai Lake Road Singapore 729826 Tel: 65 6269 3411 Fax: 65 6367 2974