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SULIT PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK

4541/2

SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010


Kimia

Kertas 2

SKEMA JAWAPAN PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010

KIMIA
Kertas 2 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

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SKEMA JAWAPAN KERTAS KIMIA 2 (4541/2) PPPA(2) SPM 2010


MARKING SCHEME OF PAPER 2 (4541/2) PPPA(2) SPM 2010

SECTION A !esti"# 1 (a) (b) (i) Des$ri%ti"# Silicon dioxide//silica Telescope mirror//lenses//optical fibres// laboratory apparatus Accept any suitable answer X - ead !lass "orosilicate !lass Sodalime !lass 1 1 1 Mar&s .1 ....2

(c) #oes not crac$ easily %it& 'rac$ easily %it& sudden sudden c&an!e in temperature c&an!e in temperature #oes not brea$ easily "rea$s easily (eat resistant ess &eat resistant )ore resistant to c&emical ess resistant to c&emical reactions reactions '&oose a#' "#e of t&e follo%in! pairs Stanum / tin

1 1

........1 ........1

(d)

(i) (ii)

'opper

Stanum 1 1 1 1 .......2

(iii)

-#ia!ram s&o% 2 different si*e of atoms - label 1. T&e present of + / forei!n atom disrupts t&e orderly layered arran!ement of pure/copper atoms 2. more difficult for layers of pure/copper atoms to slide o,er eac& ot&er ( '(-

.2 .

(e) 1 .......1 ( ( 10 '.'

!esti"# 2 (a) (i) S


-

Des$ri%ti"# 1

Mar&s

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(ii) (iii) (i) (ii) (c) (i) (ii)

(b)

#ifferent atoms of t&e same element %&ic& &a,e same number of proton but different number of neutron//same proton number but different nucleon number 2./.0 1eriod 2 3 atom &a,e four s&ells filled %it& electrons 1S2

1 1 1 1 1 ............2

......1 st mar$4 dia!ram s&o%in! s&arin! of electron bet%een one 1 atom and 2 S atom 2 nd mar$4correct number of s&ell and number of electron in eac& s&ell (d) (i) (ii) 3 23 5 2 (26 7 236( 1 1 1 5 (2 1 .2 10

!esti"# ( (a) (b) (i) (i)

Des$ri%ti"# '&emical compound t&at can conduct electricity in molten or a8ueous state To allo% t&e mo,ement of ions t&rou!& it 1 1

Mar&s ......1 .......1

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(ii) (iii) 'u25 5 2e 7 'u

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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ..Ma) 2 10 .......1 1 .......1

1. T&e intensity of t&e blue color of copper(99) sulp&ate decreases// t&e blue color decolourises 2. 'opper(99) ions recei,e electrons /disc&ar!ed to form copper atom -. T&e concentration of copper(99) sulp&ate solution decreases

(c)

(i) (ii) (iii)

:a5; (5; 'l-; 6((ydro!en !as 1. (5 and :a5 ions mo,e to t&e cat&ode 2. (5 ions are selecti,ely disc&ar!ed because it is less electropositi,e t&an :a5 -. (5 ions recei,e electrons to form &ydro!en molecules

!esti"# 4 (a) (i) (ii) (iii) (i) (ii) (iii) (i) (ii) (iii)

Des$ri%ti"# Sulp&uric acid :eutrali*ation To ma$e sure all acid / &ydro!en ions &as reacted X 4 Sil,er nitrate <! 5 5 'l- 7 <!'l =&ite precipitate // bea$er !ets &ot / becomes &ot 1b'67 1b6 5 '62 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Mar&s

...............-

(b)

(c)

"ro%n %&en &ot; yello% %&en cold 1-.-? 2>0 . @.@? 2. 3olume of '62 . (@.@?)(22) . 1.2 dm- or 12@@ cm1. )ole of 1b'6- . Des$ri%ti"# (eat c&an!e/&eat ener!y released %&en 1 mol of propanol burn completely in excess oxy!en '-(06( 5 A/262 -'62 5 2(26 / 2'-(06( 5 A62 >'62 5 /(26 T&e &eat ener!y !i,en out durin! combustion by propanol ; + . mcB

1 1

!esti"# 5 (a) (b) (c) (i)

.......2 10 Mar&s ........1 ........1

1 1

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. ?@@ (2.2)(-@) . >-@@@ C (ii) (iii) :o. of mole of propanol . 1./ />@ . @.@(eat of combustion of propanol . mc n

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1 1

........1 ........1

Cmol-1

. - >-@@ $Coule/mol @.@. - 21@@ $C/mol (d) 1 ........1

Dner!y '-(06( 5 A/262 G( . - 21@@ $C mol-1 -'62 5 2(26


1. abel of ener!y %it& t%o different ener!y le,els 2. Dner!y le,el for exot&ermic reaction %it& correct position of reactants and products 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 10 .......2

(e)

T&e number of carbon atom per molecule butanol is bi!!er/&i!&er t&an propanol "utanol produce more carbon dioxide and %ater molecules t&an propanol// more &eat ener!y is released durin! formation of bonds Ese %ind s&ield / stir %ater continously / %ei!& t&e spirit lamp immediately

(f)

!esti"# * (a) (i) (ii) (b) (c) (i) (ii) (i) 6ran!e to !reen solution

Des$ri%ti"# 1 5> to 51 6xidation Fe Fe 5 e


25 -5

Mar&s

......2 ......2

1 1

'r2602- 5 12(5 5 >e- 2+r(, , -.2O

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1 1 1

(ii)

1. 9ron(99) sulp&ate solution // Fe25 / 9ron(99) ion 2. 6xidation number for iron in iron(99) ion increases from 52 to 5- / 9ron(99) ions; Fe25 releases electron to form 9ron(999) ions Fe -5

......(d) (i) (ii) '&lorine <dd in a fe% drops 1;1;1-tric&loroet&ane / tetrac&loromet&ane and s&a$e bro%n layer / oran!e layer is formed 1 1 1 ......10

SECTION B !esti"# (a) (b) (i) (ii) Des$ri%ti"# Temperature 4 2?@ H ??@ I ' 1ressure 4 2@@ H -@@ atm 'atalsyt 4 1o%dered iron// 9ron fillin! 2(262 2(26 5 62 1. )an!anese (93) oxide po%der 2. < catalyst pro,ide an alternati,e pat& -. %it& a lo%er acti,ation ener!y 2. Fre8uency of effecti,e collision bet%een &ydro!en peroxide molecules increases ?. <s a result rate of reaction %ill increase 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .....? Mar&s ..........1

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(iii)
Dner!y

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Da 2(262 DaJ 2 (26 5 62 1ro!ress of reaction

1. <xis 2. 'ur,e %it&out catalyst; Da -. 'ur,e %it& catalyst ; DaJ (c) (i) Krap& 4 3olume of (2 /cm3 Dxperiment 9 9 Dxperiment 9

1 1 1

.....-

Time/s /s 1. labeled axis %it& unit 2. 'orrect cur,es for bot& experiments -. 'orrect maximum ,olume 1 1 1 .....-

(ii)

1. T&e rate of reaction in experiment 99 is &i!&er t&an experiment 9 2. -. T&e temperature in experiment 99 is &i!&er t&an experiment 9 <t &i!&er temperature particles mo,e faster// Linetic ener!y of particles in experiment 99 is &i!&er t&an experiment 9

1 1 1 1 1 .....? 20

2. T&e fre8uency of collision bet%een *inc atoms and &ydro!en ions in experiment 99 &i!&er t&an experiment 9 ?. T&e fre8uency of effecti,e collision bet%een *inc atoms and &ydro!en ions in experiment 99 &i!&er t&an experiment 9

!esti"#

Des$ri%ti"#

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/ (a) (i)

/
'leanin! a!ent < H soap 'leanin! a!ent " H deter!ent 1art X H soluble in !rease ; insoluble in %ater 1art M H soluble in %ater ; insoluble in !rease 1. Soap anion consists of &ydrop&ilic and &ydrop&obic. 2. (ydrop&ilic dissol,es in %ater. -. (ydrop&obic dissol,es// penetrates in oils/!rease. 2. Soap reduces surface tension of %ater. .

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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(ii)

?. )ec&anical a!itation durin! scrubbin! &elps pull t&e oily stains free and brea$ t&e oily stains into small droplets// (ydrop&obic emulsify oil or !rease. >. #urin! rinsin!; soap %ill remo,e t&e !rease (iii) 1. (ard %ater contains )! 25 ion and 'a 25 ions 2. 9n Dxpt 1; soap anions reacts %it& 'a 25 ion and )! 25 ion to form insoluble salt//precipitate/scum -. :o foam// amount soap anion a,ailable for cleansin! is reduced 2. 9n Dxpt 99; deter!ent anion react %it& 'a form soluble salt/ no precipitate/no scum ?. foam is formed >. deter!ent is more effecti,e t&an soap (b) (i) (ii) 1.1re,ent food from bein! spoilt 1. Sodium c&loride is used in salted fis& 2. Sodium c&loride remo,e %ater from t&e cell of microor!anism and retards t&e !ro%t& of microor!anism -. Sodium nitrate is used in sausa!e/bur!er/lunc&eon meat 2 .Sodium nitrate pre,ent or slo% do%n t&e !ro%t& of microor!anisms
25

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...2 20 > 1 ions and )!


25

> Ma) 5

ion to

SECTION C

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!esti"# 0 (a) (i) )ass(!) :o of mole

A
Des$ri%ti"# ' ?2.2 ?2.2/ 12 . 2.-? Simplest mole ratio 2 ( 1-.@ 1-.@/1 .1-.@ > 6 -2./ ! -2.//1> .2.10? 1

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1 1 1

1 1 Dmpirical formula of N is '2(>6 )olecular formula of N is ('2(>6)n Nelati,e molecular mass N . O (2 x12) 5( 1 x >) 5 (1 x 1>)Pn 2> . 2>n n.1 )olecular formula of X is '2(>6 // '2(?6( (ii) ( ( ( I I ' ' 6( I I ( (

.....>

(b)

(i) 1orselain c&ip Klass %ool Soa$ed in X (eat 1.(functional set up of apparatus; !as is collected by %ater displacement met&od)

%ater
1

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2. abel4 &eat; !lass %ool soa$ed in X; %ater; porcelain c&ips -. T&e porcelain c&ips are &eated stron!ly / &eated until it becomes red &ot 2. (eat X ?. T&e !as released is collected in t&e test tube. >.<dd a fe% drops of bromine %ater into t&e test tube containin! t&e !as. 0. "ro%n colour of bromine %ater turns colourless. /. T&e product is et&ene A. '&emical e8uation4 (ii) Dxample4 1. 2. -. carboxylic acid reacts %it& reacti,e metal to produced salt and &ydro!en D8uation4 )! 5 2'(-'66(7 ('(-'66)2)! 5 (2 '2(?6(7 '2(2 5 (26

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ......4.A

1 1 1 1

2. reacts %it& metal carbonate to produced salt; %ater and carbon dioxide ?. D8uation4 'a'6- 5 2'(-'66(7 ('(-'66)2'a 5 (26 5 '62 For point 2-? accept any ot&er suitable ans%ers

1 ......? 20

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!esti"# (a) (i)

Des$ri%ti"# <cid < 4 (ydroc&loric acid // nitric acid // sulp&uric acid OAccept any strong acidP <cid " 4 Dt&anoic acid.

Mar&s 1

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1 ..2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ..2 ..2 Ma) (

(ii)

OAccept any weak acidP 1. p( ,alue of acid < is lo%er t&an p( ,alue of acid " 2. -. 2. <cid < ionises completely in %ater to produce a &i!&er concentration of &ydro!en ions. <cid " ionises partially in %ater to produce a lo%er concentration of &ydro!en ions. T&e concentration of &ydro!en ions in acid < is &i!&er t&an t&at in acid ".

(b)

(i) (ii)

Sol,ent X 4 =ater Sol,ent M 4 "en*ene (accept any ot&er suitable or!anic so,ent) 9n "ea$er 9 1. 2. Dt&anoic acid ionises in %ater to form &ydro!en ion (ydro!en ion in %ater react %it& calcium carbonate to produce carbon dioxide !as // '6 - 2- 5 2(5 7 (26 -. 5 '62

Dt&anoic acid does not ionises in "ea$er 99 // Dt&anoic acid exists as molecules in "ea$er 99 // (ydro!en ions are not present in "ea$er 99 to react %it& calcium carbonate in "ea$er 99. 1 1 ..1

(c)

(i) (ii)

Standard solution is t&e solution %it& $no%n concentration. 1reparation of 2?@ cm- of 1 mol dm-- of sodium &ydroxide solution )aterials 4 solid sodium &ydroxide; distilled %ater // <pparatus 4 Dlectronic balance; bea$er; 2?@ cm - ,olumetric flas$; filter funnel; !lass rod OAccept from labelled diagram / descriptionP 'alculation 4 :o. of moles of :a6( . 1 Q 2?@ 1@@@ . @.2? mol NF) of :a6( )ass of :a6( 1rocedure 4 1. =ei!& 1@ ! of solid sodium &ydroxide and dissol,e in 1@@ cm - of distilled %ater in a bea$er. 2. Stir t&e solution usin! a !lass rod. -. 1our t&e solution into 2?@ cm ,olumetric flas$ usin! a filter funnel. 2. Ninse t&e bea$er; filter funnel %it& distilled %ater and transfer t&e
-

1 1

. 2- 5 1> 51 . 2@ . @.2? Q 2@ . 1@ ! 1

1 1

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