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Wind Data Wind Design Code Base Elevation Wind Zone Number Basic Wind Speed k1 Risk Factor

Terrain Category Equipment Class Topography Factor k3 Correction factor for natural frequency Cf Wind Diameter Multiplier Vz Design Wind Speed Height Factor Element Wind Load From 10 20 30 40 50 60 k1 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 k2 1 1.01784 1.01784 1.01784 1.01784 1.01784

IS:875 4500 mm 2 50 m/s 1.08 2 1 1 0.7 1 Basic Wind Speed *k1*k2*k3 0.6*Vz2 N/m2 Wind Area *Cf*Height Factor k3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Vz 54 54.9633 54.9633 54.9633 54.9633 54.9633 Cf 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

From 10 20 30 40 50 60

To

Wind Height mm 20 7750 30 11000 40 11000 50 11000 60 11000 70 11050.8

Wind Wind Diameter Area 2 cm mm

Height Factor 2 Kg/m

3624 235560 178.349 25.4 0 184.768 25.4 0 184.768 1257.3 0 184.768 38.1 0 184.768 38.1 0 184.768

Element Wind Load

Cumulative Distance of cg Wind Wind Shear to support Bending 3250 6500 6500 6500 6500 6550.8 Kg-m 9557.68492 0 0 0 0 0

kgf kgf mm 2940.82613 2940.82613 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Parameters

From 10 20 30 40 50 60

To 20 30 40 50 60 70

Descritpion Skirt Elliptical Cylinder Cone Cylinder Elliptical

ID mm 3600 0 0 0 0 0

t mm 12 12.7 12.7 19.05 19.05 19.05

L mm 6500 0 0 0 0 0

D mm

kg/m
3

W 7833 7833 7833 7833 7833 7833

cg of segment 3250 0 0 0 0 50.8

2438.4

kg mm 6932.986 0.074298 0 718.5994 0 0.250757

cg wrt to Distance Height of bottom of shell form Base "From" Node k2 mm 3250 6500 6500 6500 6500 6550.8 mm 7750 11000 11000 11000 11000 11050.8 m 4.5 11 11 11 11 11 0.976666 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838

k2 1 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838 1.017838

Terrain Category Category Description

1 2 3 4

Exposed open terrain with few or no obstruction including open sea coasts and treeless pl Open terrain wih scattered obstruction having heights between 1.5 to 10 mtr. This catege This is the terrain with numerous closely spaced obstructions which have buildings up to 1 Terrain consisting of large obstructions. This includes large urban centres and well develop

Equipment Class 1 Class A 2 Class B 3 Class C

<20 m >20 m and <50 m > 50 m

Topography Factor 1 Upwind slope < 3 1.36 Upwind slope > 3 K2 factors to obtain design wind speed variation with height in different terrains Height (z) (m) 10 15 20 30 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Terrain and height multiplier (k2) Terrain Terrain Terrain Terrain Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 1.05 1 0.91 0.8 1.09 1.05 0.97 0.8 1.12 1.07 1.01 0.8 1.15 1.12 1.06 0.97 1.2 1.17 1.12 1.1 1.26 1.24 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.28 1.24 1.24 1.32 1.3 1.27 1.27 1.34 1.32 1.29 1.28 1.35 1.34 1.31 1.3 1.37 1.36 1.32 1.31 1.38 1.37 1.34 1.32 1.39 1.38 1.35 1.33 1.4 1.39 1.36 1.34

0-10 10-15 15-20 20-30 30-50 50-100 100-150 150-200 200-250 250-300 300-350 300-400 400-450 450-500

In Value Height 10 15 10 10 10

1.6 1.4 1.2 Height Multiplier (k2) 1 0.8 y = -9E-16x6 + 2E-12x5 - 1E0.6 y = -9E-16x6 + 2E-12x5 - 1E 0.4 y = -2E-15x6 + 3E-12x5 - 2E-09x 0.2

0.2 y = -1E-15x6 + 3E-12x5 - 2E0 0 100 200

Zone Basic Wind Number Speed (m/s) Risk Factor 6 55 1.08 5 50 1.08 4 47 1.07 3 44 1.07 2 39 1.06 1 33 1.05

ea coasts and treeless plains .5 to 10 mtr. This categeroy is generally used for design purpose ch have buildings up to 10 mtr in height. This include well wooded areas, towns and industrial areas fully or parrially developed centres and well developed industrial centres.

Interpolation Table 10 m Category1 Category2 Category3 Category4 1.05 1 0.91 0.8 1.09 1.05 0.97 0.8 1.05 1 0.91 0.8 1.0610902 1.0118902 1.0610902 1.0118902 0.9271803 0.7613803 Polynomial 0.9271803 0.7613803

Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category1

1E-09x4 + 4E-07x3 - 7E-05x2 + 0.0065x + 1.0027 1E-09x4 + 4E-07x3 8E-05x2 + 0.0075x + 0.9445

Poly. (Category 2) Poly. (Category 3) Poly. (Category 4) Poly. (Category1)

2E-09x4 + 6E-07x3 - 0.0001x2 + 0.0098x + 0.8386

2E-09x4 + 7E-07x3 - 0.0001x2 + 0.0143x + 0.6277 200 300 Height 400 500 600

rially developed

Wind Vibration Calculations Correction factor for natural frequency Average internal diameter of vessel Damping factor Average internal diameter of top of vessel Natural frequency of vibration Natural frequency o bare vessel based on a unit value of (D / L2) ( 10 ^ 4) Total height of structure Total length o conical section (s) of vessel Uncorroded plate thickness at bottom of vessel Design Wind Speed provided by user Critical wind velocity Maximum Wind Speed at top of structure Total corroded weight of structure Cor. Vessel Weight excl. weight of parts which do not effect stiff. Macimum amplitude of vibration at top of vessel Logarithmic decrement ( taken as 0.03 for welded structures ) vibration Possibility , <= 0.32037 * 10^-6 (High); Wind pressure 30 feet above the base

Cf D Df Dr f f1 L Lc tb V30 Vc Vw W Ws Z D1 Vp P30

mm mm Hertz mm mm mm km/hr km/hr km/hr kgf kgf mm

Seismic Analysis Result per IS-1893 Seismic Coefficient Method Soil Factor Importance Factor Zone Number Value of o per table 2 and Zone Horizontal Seismic Coefficient Earthquake Element Load I 0.05 h * I * o 3 5 2

0.06 Earthquake Weight * h Earthquake Earthquake Bending kg-m 1632.3136 0.0007643 0.0007643 0.0007643 0.0007643 0.0007643

Earthquake Earthquake Earthquake

From 10 20 30 40 50 60

To 20 30 40 50 60 70

Height mm

Weight kgf

Element load Shear kgf kgf

3250 6932.9863 415.979179 459.11465 6500 0.0742982 0.00445789 43.135467 6500 6500 0 0 43.131009 0 0.0150454 0.0150454 0.0150454 718.5994 43.1159639 43.131009

6500 0 6550.8 0.2507566

Importance Factor Category Containment structures for atomic power reactors Dams of all types Containers of inflammable or poisonous gases/liquids Importance service and community structures such as hospitals, water towers, tanks, schools, important bridges, power houses, monumental structures, emergency buildings like telephone exchange and fire brigade, large assembly structures like cinemas, assembly halls and subway stations All others

Value 6.0 2.0 2.0

1.5 1.0

Note: Per the IS:1893 code, the above values are for guidance, the may chose and appropriate factor based on economy, strategy and other considerations Soil Factor Type Description Value I Rock or Hard soils 1 II Medium Soils 1 well foundations or isolated RCC footings without tiebeams or unreinforced strip foundations Soft Soils well foundations or isolated RCC footings without tiebeams or unreinforced strip foundations Combined or Isolated Rcc footings with tiebeams 1.2 1 1.5 1.2

III

Values of Basic Seismic Coefficients and Seismic Zone Factors in different Zones Sr. No. Zone Method Number Seismic Coefficient Response Spectrum Method Method Basic horizontal Sesimic zone factor for Seismic Coefficient average acceleration o spectra to be used, Fo i) ii) iii) iv) v) V IV III II I 0.08 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.40 0.25 0.20 0.10 0.05