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I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 2 Vöµj 2005

Sridhar: Where were you last Evening? à¶óŸªÙè….) ÷« ÚÛ>ûË áÞœ-Dùà ÚÛ«è¯ ÏÚÛ\-
(Eìo þ§óŸªÙêŸÙ ÓÚÛ\-è[ª-û¦o÷±?) è[ªÙ-æ°è[ª. ìªîµ\-ÚÛ\-è[ªÙ-æ°÷±?
Srikanth: I was at Sankar's. We spent the Ramesh: Ô û¦ÚÛª êµMë]ª. ÓÙë]ªÚÛª êµõªq-ÚÁ-î¦-
evening together. õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±?
(û¶ìª øŒÙÚÛô î¦RxÙæ˺x Ñû¦oìª. Naresh: Eìªo ÷« ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ í‡õ-î¦-õE (want to
þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ Ïë]lô¢Ù ÚÛL›ú Ñû¦oÙ.) î¦è[Ùè…).
Sridhar: Do you see him everyday? Answer:
(ôÁW ìª÷±y ÍêŸEo ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°î¦?) Ramesh: Hi Naresh? How are you?
Srikanth: No. He is out some evenings. He (Ð í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙ-í£±õª ò°Þ¥ practice
attends music classes two or three à¶óŸªÙè…)
evenings a week. Naresh: Fine. Thank you. How are you?
(ö¶ë]ª Ú•Eo-ôÁ-Võª ÍêŸìª þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ Ramesh: Fine too. Thank you. Why are you Ð ÷«å ÚÛ«è¯ ò°Þ¥ î¦è[Ùè… õ. ÍÙê¦ ÷ªì practice Oªë¶ ÑÙC.
ÏÙæ˺x ÑÙè[è[ª. î¦ô¦-EÚ¨ ·ôÙè[ª, ÷´è[ª here? Ramesh: Do you read a lot?
VOCABULARY
þ§óŸªÙ-vê¦õª ú£ÙUêŸÙ û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÛªÙ-æ°è[ª.) (How is it you are here?/What brings you (Have you/do you have the habit of reading?)
Sridhar: When did he start learning? here?/How do I see you here now?- Oå-Eoæ¨ Naresh: Yes, I read a lot. Reading interests Sentence structures ÏÙÚ¥ ò°Þ¥ practice
(û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù Óí£±pè[ª îµ³ë]õª šíæ°dè[ª?) Íô¢nÙ ÖÚÛç¶. Ð î¦Ú¥u-õìª ò°Þ¥ practice me/ I am interested in reading. à¶óŸ«-õÙç¶ vocabulary (í£ë¯õª ÍÙç¶ ÏÙÚ•Eo
Srikanth: I don't know. I think he has been à¶óŸªÙè….) Ramesh: Don't you (Do you not) watch ÷«åõª) êµõªú£ªÚÁ-î¦L.
at, is for at least 6 to 7 months Naresh: I bought some books in this shop movies? climb up = ÓÚÛ\è[Ù
now. here this morning. One of them is (ÏÚÛ\è[ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. àŸ«þ§hî¦? Do you watch? climb down = CÞœè[Ù
rush = êŸyô¢êŸyô¢Þ¥

êÁ
(û¦ÚÛª êµLóŸªë]ª. Ú¥F θôè[ª ûµõ-õªÞ¥ îµüŒxè[Ù/ è¯-N-è…Þ¥
ë¯E Oªë¶ Ñû¦o-è[-ìª-ÚÛªÙæ°.) îµüŒxè[Ù/urgentÞ¥ ë¶Eûµjû¦ í£Ùí£è[Ù.
Sridhar: How about a movie tomorrow? Will

Do you?
Hurry up, please = êŸyô¢Þ¥ Ú¥FóÀª.
you be free? Why are you in a hurry?
(¸ôí£± ú‡E÷«Ú¨ îµüŒë¯÷«? ¸ôí£± ìª÷±y ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙêŸ ê•Ùë]ô¢ FÚÛª?/-ê•Ù-ë]ô¢ í£è[ª-꟪-û¦oîËÂ?
Ý°Só¶ªû¦?) hurry(J) = ê•Ùë]ô¢

í£ë¯õª Îë¯!
Srikanth: I will be away tomorrow. I will be Crawl (vÚ¥öËÀ) = ð§ÚÛè[Ù
free the day after tomorrow. ÷³ÜuÙÞ¥ Ú¥üŒ‰x ö¶E áÙ꟪-÷±õª, ÷ªK ÓÚÛª\÷
(¸ôí£± û¶ìªÙ-è[ìª. ÓõªxÙè… Ý°SÞ¥ Ú¥üŒ‰xìo âµvô¢ªõª, ê¶üŒŠx ö°Ùæ¨N, ÏÙÚ¥ ìè[÷-ö¶E î¦üŒ‰x
ÑÙæ°ìª.) ò˺ô¦xí£è… ð§ÚÛè[Ù, í‡õxõª, û¦õªÞœª Ú¥üŒx áÙ꟪÷±õª
šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. ð§ÚÛè¯Eo creep (vÚ©íÖ-vÚ©íÃq, v·ÚíÃd) ÍÙæ°ô¢ª. Íô³ê¶
Timeìª ñæ¨d î¦è…ì verb forms àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª Þœë¯? ·ôÙè[ª ÷«åõÚÛª ð¼LÚÛ à¦ö° Eë¯-ìÙÞ¥ ÚÛë]õè[Ù.
Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Oª friends êÁ Ú¥F, OªêÁ ú£ï£°- not in a good condition / is in a bad àŸ«è[î¦ – Do you not watch / Don't you Creep-ô¢ï£°-ú£uÙÞ¥, ë•ÙÞœ-êŸ-ìÙÞ¥ ÚÛë]-õè[Ù Íû¶
ÚÛ-JÙචî¦ü˜x-÷-J-êÁ-ûµjû¦ practice à¶óŸªÙè…. Ïí£p-æ¨-÷- condition. I want to return it. watch? Íô¢nÙ ÚÛ«è¯ ÑÙC.
ô¢ÚÛª Ð Spoken English Columns ö˺ Ï#aì Ramesh: What's (=What is) wrong with the Naresh: Do you? ÚÛõêŸ = worry (÷J);
N÷-ô¦õª Oªô¢ª follow Íô³ ÑÙç¶, Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é book? ÏÚÛ\è[ Do you watch movies ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ ê¦íˆÞ¥ ìè[-÷è[Ù =amble (ÎÙñªöËÀ)
OªÚÛª à¦ö° ú£ªõòÅ¡Ù. (Ð Ú¨ÙC ›íô¢xÚÛª ñë]ªõª OªOª (What's wrong- ÏC ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ ú£ô¢y-þ§-ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª. / Do you sea a lot? (campö˺ am ö°Þ¥ ‘ÎÙ’ í£õ-Ú¥L)
friends ›íô¢xêÁ practice à¶óŸªÙè….) Ramesh: Oh, yes. I ê•Ùë]-ô¢-ð§åª = haste (šï°óÀªúÃd)
Ramesh: óÀª ì¸ôùà Óö° Ñû¦o÷±? watch at least
Naresh: ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o, ëǯuÙÚÛ«u. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE
ìª÷±y Óö° one movie a
Ñû¦o÷±?
Ramesh: û¶ìª ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o. ëǯuÙÚÛ«u. ÔÙæ¨
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 11 week. / I watch
movies at least
1) English ö˺ hitting, betting, selling, hum-
ming, cunning ö°Ùæ¨ ÷«å-õö˺ ÷à¶a ·ôÙè[-¤Û-
Ïí£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\-è[ª-û¦oîËÂ? once a week. ô¦õ« Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ ÖÚÛ Í¤Û-ô¢î¶ª í£õ-Ú¥L.
Naresh: Ð í£±ú£h-Ú¥õ ÿ§í£±ö˺ ð»ë]ªlì Ú•Eo í£±ú£h- î¦è[ê¦ô¢ª– Íô¢nÙ: ÔÙæ¨ ð»ô¢-ð§åª?, ê¶è¯ ÔÙæ¨?, ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ Oªô¢ª Íõ-î¦åª hitting = æ¨ÙÞÂ
Ú¥õª Ú•û¦oìª. î¦æ¨ö˺ ÖÚÛæ¨ ú£JÞ¥ ꟛíp-÷ª-û¦oû¦?) à¶ú£ªÚÁ-Þœ-L-T궖 Oh, yes, I M. SURESAN betting = òµæ¨ÙÞÂ
ö¶ë]ª. ë¯Eo AJT Ïà¶a-óŸ«-õE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ- Naresh: Some pages are missing. do. At least once a weak. selling = šúLÙÞÂ
åªû¦o. Ramesh: Didn't you (did you not) notice it ÍE clipped sentences (ÚÛªCÙ-#ì î¦Ú¥uõª) î¦è[- humming = NªÙÞÂ
Ramesh: ÔÙæ¨ Î í£±ú£h-ÚÛÙö˺ ö˺í£Ù? this morning when you bought it? ÷àŸªa. ÍÙç¶ I do= I watch. cunning = ÚÛEÙÞÂ,
Naresh: Ú•Eo ›í@õª ö¶÷±. þ§÷«-ìuÙÞ¥ à¦ö°-÷ªÙC Ú•ìè[Ù Íû¶ í£ë¯-EÚ¨, pur- Naresh: Tomorrow is/will be a holiday for (æ¨dÙÞÂ, òµæ¨dÙÞÂ, šúLxÙÞ etc ÍìÚÛ«è[ë]ª)
Ramesh: Ñë]óŸªÙ Ú•ìo-í£±è[ª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸ-ö¶ë¯? chase(s) past doing word 'purchased' î¦è[ª- us. My cousin Jagadish also will 2) Looked, booked, talked, pressed, jumped
Naresh: Ú•ClÞ¥ ê•Ùë]-ô¢ö˺ Ñû¦o! ꟪Ù-æ°ô¢ª– ÏC ð§Ùè…êŸuÙ. ÷«÷´õª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-é-ö˺- be here tomorrow. Where will you - Ïåª-÷Ùæ¨ ÷«åö˺x #÷J 'ed'E t Þ¥ í£õ-Ú¥L.
Ramesh: FÚÛª í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª àŸCî¶ Íõ-î¦-åªÙë¯? Þ¥E, ô¢àŸ-ìö˺, buy, buys, bought etc. ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Ú•ìª- be? Looked= Lookt; talked=talkt etc.
Naresh: à¦ö° ÓÚÛª\÷ àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ìª. àŸë]-÷åÙ ÞÁõª Íû¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª purchase î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Ramesh: I don't (do not) know. Why do you
û¦ÚÛª Îú£¸Úh.
Ramesh: ú‡E-÷«õª àŸ«è[î¦?
I have a few purchases to make.
Ú•Eo ÷ú£ªh-÷±õª Ú•ìª-ÞÁõª à¶óŸ«L.
want to know?
Naresh: I wish to/want to invite you to my
Oªô¢« ô¦óŸªÙè…!
Naresh: ìª÷±y ò°Þ¥ àŸ«þ§hî¦? OöµjìÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛª buy, buys, boughtû¶ î¦è[Ùè…. ú£ï£°- place. þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Oª ú£Ùë¶ï£„õìª
Ramesh: Î. ÚÛFú£Ù î¦ô¦-E-ÚÁ-þ§J. áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC. àŸ«ø‹ô¦. ÷ªìÙ ÏÙêŸ-÷-ô¢ÚÛª Spoken English ö˺ þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃ, ví£AòÅ¡èµúÃ\, Ðû¦è[ª,
Naresh: ¸ôí£± ÷«ÚÛª šúõ÷± (tomorrowêÁ begin Naresh: I was in a little hurry êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªìo Ú•Cl ÍÙø‹-õ-êÁû¶ ÓÙêŸ ú£ÙòÅ°-ù‡Ù-àŸ-Þœ- þ¼÷«>Þœ«è[, šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ë–82
#ô¢ªû¦÷«ÚÛª í£Ùí‡ÙàŸ÷àŸªa.
email: pratibha@ eenadu.net
ví£øŒo: 'She has had this job for the last 'She has been this job for the last one year ÷«vêŸî¶ª's' / 'es' à¶ô¢ªþ§hÙ.
one year' , 'She has been this job Íû¶ î¦ÚÛuÙ ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. She has been in this ví£øŒo: ‘û¶ìª Î í£E à¶ô³-þ§h쪒. DEE ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ áî¦ñª: I got married, I was married ·ôÙè[«
for the last one year' Ð ·ôÙè[ª job Íû¦L (in ÑÙè¯L). Óö° ÍÙæ°ô¢ª? ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. Íô¢nÙö˺ ÷«vêŸÙ Ú•ClÞ¥ ê¶è¯ ÑÙåªÙC.
î¦Ú¥uõÚÛª ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨? ví£øŒo: Simple present tenseö˺ subject's – âµ.·Ú ví£þ§ëÂ, ÚÛè[í£ got married = û¦ÚÛª šíüŒx-ô³ÙC ( Ô ôÁV, Ô
I
– Ná-óŸª-õ¤¨t, Ná-óŸª-î¦è[ singularö˺ Ñìo-í£±pè[ª verbÚÛª 's' Þ¥E, áî¦ñª: I will make him / her / them / you ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù êŸC-êŸô¢ N÷-ô¦õª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo ñæ¨d
'es'Þ¥E à¶ô¢ª-þ§hô¢ª. Subject - 'I' Ñìo- do it. clearÞ¥ ÑÙç¶).
áî¦ñª: 'She has had this job for the last
one year' She has been in this job
í£±pè[ª verbÚÛª 's', 'es' à¶ô¢a-·ôÙ-ë]ªÚÛª? ví£øŒo: I got married, I was married Ð Ex: I got married (on Monday last/ last
– ÓÙ. òÅ°ìª-àŸÙ-ë]ôÂ, ÷ªCl-î¦-E-ð§öµÙ
Íû¦o, year / in 2004 / 22nd June etc.)
for the last one year' Íû¦o Íô¢nÙ ÖÚÛç¶. ·ôÙè[ª î¦Ú¥uõª ú£·ôj-ì-î¶û¦? Ô ú£Ùë]-
ÎÚÛª Ð ÑëÁuޜ٠ÖÚÛ ú£Ù÷-êŸq-ô¢ÙÞ¥ ÑÙë]E áî¦ñª: Simple presentö˺ Singular sub- ô¢sÄÙö˺ Óö°Ùæ¨ î¦Ú¥uEo Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ- I was married = DE Íô¢nÙ Íí£p-æ¨¸Ú û¦ÚÛª

jects ÍEoÙ-æ¨Ú¨ VerbÚÛª 's' / 'es'à¶ô¢aÙ. III à¦L? šíüŒx-ô³-ð¼-ô³Ù-ë]E.


– ÓöËÀ. û¦¸ÞøŒyô¢ô¦÷±, Þœªè…-î¦è[ Q: Were you married (at the time)?
îµ³ë]æ¨ î¦Ú¥u-EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ. ·ôÙèÁ î¦Ú¥u-EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ–
Î Ð ÑëÁu-ÞœÙö˺ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù ìªÙ< ÑÙC. Person singular subjects- He, She, It ÚÛª
A: yes, I was married.
I Ðû¦è[ª- þ¼÷ªî¦ô¢Ù 4 Vöµj 2005

Pranav: How is everybody, Praveen? ÑÙè[è[Ù.


(ví£OéÉÂ! ÍÙë]ô¢« Óö° Ñû¦oô¢ª, children (plural) - child (singular)
ÚÛªøŒ-õ÷«?) child
ÚÛª ñë]ªõª ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ he/she Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ It
Praveen: Not bad, I suppose. How is it with ÍÙæ°Ù.
you? 6. Do snakes lay eggs?
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o-÷ª-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o. ìªîµyö° (ð§÷³õª Þœªè[ªx šíè[-ê¦óŸ«?)
Ñû¦oîËÂ) pron: lay : (öµóÀª) = Þœªè[ªx-ö°Ù-æ¨N šíådè[Ù
Pranav: Fine. Thank you. 7. These hotels do good business.
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o) do good business = î¦uð§ô¢Ù ò°Þ¥ ÑÙè[è[Ù
šíj÷Fo ÚÛ«è¯ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙí£± ÷«åö¶. Oª všíÆÙèÂqìª, 8. Why do students waste time?
ú£Eo--꟪-õìª ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛª-ìo-í£±pè[ª Ïö° í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙí£± (Në¯u-ô¢ªnõª ú£÷ªóŸªÙ ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ÷'ëǯ à¶þ§hô¢ª?)
÷«åõª î¦è[ª-꟪Ù-è[Ùè…. 9. How well they swim!
Praveen: How about practising the following (î¦üŒ‰x ÓÙêŸ ò°Þ¥ Ðë]ª-ê¦ôÁ!) ★ ★ ★ ô¦÷³: Î à¦ö° ò°Þ¥ Uú£ªhÙC. ÞœêŸ-î¦ô¢Ù ñ-
exercise? (How about Íû¶ ÷«å ÏC ÎøŒa-ô¦u-ô¢nÚÛÙ (exclamation )!. question Ú¥ë]ª. Pranav: Well, how was that exercise? ÷ªA ÚÛ«è¯ êµàŸªa-ÚÛªÙC. (get î¦è[Ùè….)
English
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ°-EÚ¨ ö˺ 10. Do I look ill? exercise?
(Óö° ÑÙë¯ ) ô¢íÆ£³: UóŸªè[Ù ÓÚÛ\è[ û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÛªÙC?
exercise
êŸô¢àŸª î¦è[-ê¦ô¢ª. ÍÙç¶ Ð ìª (û¶ìª Íû¦-ôÁ-ÞœuÙÞ¥ ÚÛE-í‡-ú£ªh-û¦oû¦?) Praveen: Which exercise do you mean? ô¦÷³: þ»ÙêŸÙ-Þ¥û¶ û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÛªÙC.
practice à¶ë¯l÷«? ÍE Íô¢nÙ) 11. Where do they work? (Ô ÓÚÛq-ôÂ-šújâÉÀ ÞœªJÙ# ìª÷±y ÷«æ°x-è[ª- Answer:
Pranav: It suits me fine. ꟪-û¦o÷±?)
(î¦üŒ‰x ÓÚÛ\è[ í£E-à¶-þ§hô¢ª? / î¦üŒx ÑëÁuޜ٠Raghu: Who drew that picture?
ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ êŸô¢àŸª ÷ªì ú£÷ªt-AE êµL-óŸª- Pranav: The last exercise about rewriting
Ramu: Lata
ÓÚÛ\è[?)
12. Do you go to movies often? sentences after changing the sub-

÷«å ÖÚÛç¶
â¶-óŸª-è¯-EÚ¨ î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Raghu: Does she draw so well?
Let's (= let us) see what it is.
(
ÔÙæ˺ àŸ«ë¯lÙ/àŸ«è[F) Ramu: She draws very well. She got even
Exercise -1: a prize last week.
Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-ö˺xE subject
ìª, He/she/It Þ¥ (even a prize = ñ-÷ªA ÚÛ«è¯)
sen- Raghu: Where did she learn it?

Íô¦nõª î¶ô¢ªî¶ô¢ª!
÷«Ja, ÍÙë]ªÚÛª êŸTì ÷«ô¢ªpõª NªÞœê¦
tenceö˺ à¶ú‡practice
à¶óŸªÙè…. Ramu: She learnt it on her own.
eg:
(on her own = þ»ÙêŸÙÞ¥, on my own = û¦
I know the subject well.
ÍÙêŸ-å- û¶û¶, on their own = î¦üŒxÙêŸå î¦ü™x,
(û¦ÚÛª Î ú£òµbÚÂd êµõªú£ª) on his own = ÍêŸ-ìÙ-êŸå ÍêŸû¶)
ÏÚÛ\è… subject 'I'. I Ú¨ ñë]ªõª, He/She (ÏÚÛ\è[ ÷ªSx draw Íû¶ ÷«åìª Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù.
it šíè…ê¶ ú£·ôjì Íô¢nÙ ô¦ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d ÷C-ö¶-óŸªÙè….)
ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ Ô ›í·ôjû¦ Shravan ÍûËÁ, Anjali ÍûËÁ DEÚ¨ ·ôÙè[ª Íô¦nõª êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ ÚÛë¯.
3) draw = Ôëµjû¦ ÓÚÛ\-èµjû¦ regular Þ¥ supply
î¦è¯-÷ª-ìª-ÚÁÙè…. Íí£±pè[ª I know the subject well
Íû¶ î¦ÚÛuÙ He/She/Shravan/Anjali knows the ð»Ùë]è[Ù.
subject well. Þ¥ ÷«ô¢ª-꟪ÙC. (Oªô¢ª êŸô¢àŸª ú‡E-÷«-õ-·Ú-ü‹hô¦?) ject? û¶ìª Ð ñ«êÂ-ö˺û¶ ð§õª Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°ìª.
13. What do they think of this plan? (ÏÙêŸÚÛª ÷³Ùë]-JC. sentences ö˺ I draw milk from this booth.
eg2:
(î¦üŒ‰x Ð í£ëÇ]ÚÛÙ ÞœªJÙ# Ô÷ª-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª?) subject ÷«Ja ô¦óŸªè[Ù) People of this area draw milk from this
These books give a lot of information.
14. What do they do in the evenings? Praveen: It helps us to know when to use booth.
the 1st RDW- Regular Doing
(Ð í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª à¦ö° ú£÷«-à¦-ô¦Eo Ïþ§hô³.)
4) draw= bank ö˺Ù# þ»÷³t Bú£ª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù.
Ð sentenceö˺ subject 'These books'. Words (come,
'These books' ÚÛª ñë]ªõª He/She/Ó÷J He drew Rs. 5000 from the bank.
go ö°Ùæ¨N),
›í·ôjû¦(Ramu/Sita) / this book/it, subject Þ¥ withdraw ÍE ÚÛ«è¯ Íì-÷àŸªa.
2nd RDW
5) draw=
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 12
î¦è…ê¶ (comes, goes
ð»Ùë]è[Ù
These books give a lot of information Íû¶ Freedom fighters drew inspiration from
do,
ö°Ùæ¨N),
Gandhi.
does.
î¦ÚÛuÙ
He/She/Ram/Sita/This book/ It gives a lot of þ§yêŸÙvêŸu ú£÷ª-ô¢-óµ«-ëÅ]ªõª Þ¥ÙDÅ ìªÙ# ú£«pÄJh
(î¦üŒ‰x þ§óŸªÙ-vê¦õª ÔÙ à¶þ§hô¢ª?) (ÏN 1st RDW, 2nd RDW,
information Þ¥ ÷«ô¢ª-꟪ÙC.
sentence sub-
15. Do you like tea? What do they prefer, cof- do, does ö°Ùæ¨N êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÁ- M. SURESAN ð»Ùë¯ô¢ª.
Ïí£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\è[ Ï#aì Ú•Eo ö˺E fee or tea? è¯-EÚ¨ Ñí£-óµ«Þœè[ê¦ô³) pron: Inspiration ÏûËÂ-ú‡p-·ô-óÀª-ù£ûË = ú£«pÄJh
ject He/She/It/Any name
Ð Ú¨ÙC ÷«åõª vð§Ú©dúà à¶óŸªÙè…. 6) ú£÷«-à¦ô¢Ù ð»Ùë]è[Ù = draw information
ìª (Ô ÷uÚ¨h ›íô¢-ô³û¦, (FÚÛª æ© Ïù£d÷«? î¦üŒxÚÛª ÔC ÓÚÛª\÷ Ïù£dÙ,
practice
Ô ÷ú£ªh÷± ›íô¢-ô³û¦) šíæ¨d à¶óŸªÙè…. The police were unable to draw informa-
ú£«àŸì: 'pron' –ÍÙç¶ pronunciation ÍE.
æ©û¦ Ú¥íƈû¦?)
Answers:
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺x î¦è[ªêŸ« ÑÙè[Ùè…. tion from the accused.
1. I think I am right. turn on the tap/turn the tap on= í£Ùí£± ÷ë]-õè[Ù
1. He/She/any name thinks he/she is right. (ð¼M-ú£ªõª EÙC-êŸªè… ìªÙ# ú£÷«-à¦ô¢Ù ð»Ùë]-
turn off the tap/turn the tap off= í£Ùí£± ÚÛç¶d-
(û¶ìª ·ôjæËÀ Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª). 2. He/She/any name helps their/his/her ö¶ÚÛ/ ô¦ñ-åd-ö¶-ÚÛ-ð¼-óŸ«ô¢ª.)
2. They help their father quite often. father quite often.
óŸªè[Ù
Ram: Turn on the tap please, I need some accused (ÍÚÛ«uúÃd) = EÙC-꟪è[ª (àŸåd í£J-òÅ°ù£).
(î¦üŒ‰x î¦üŒx û¦ìoÚÛª êŸô¢àŸª ú£ï£„-óŸª-í£-è[-ê¦ô¢ª.) 3. My dog/It/He/She often troubles my/ his/
pron: often ÎíÆ£-ûËÂ/-Î-íÆ£dûË water.
her neighbours.
3. My dogs often trouble my neighbours. 4. He/ She/any name goes to temple on fri-
(Ú¥ú£h í£Ùí£± Aí£pÙè…. û¦ÚÛª FüŒ‰x Ú¥î¦L.)
Shyam: As soon as you draw enough water,
(û¦ ÚÛªÚÛ\õª ÷« ð»ô¢ªÞœª î¦üŒxìª êŸô¢àŸª days.
please turn it off. Don't waste water.
ÏñsÙC šíè[ª-꟪Ù-æ°ô³.) 5. He/ She/ A good child/ It/ any name obeys
ÏÚÛ\è[ subject 'My dogs' - DEo Oªô¢ª his/her/its/ any name's parent.
(OªÚÛª Ú¥î¦-Lq-ìEo FüŒ‰x Bú£ªÚÛªìo êŸô¢-î¦êŸ
His/Her/any name šíæ¨d àµí£pÙè…. 'My dog'êÁ 6. Does a snake/It lay eggs?
í£Ùí£± Λí-óŸªÙè…. FüŒ‰x ÷'ëǯ à¶óŸª-ÚÛÙè….)
ÚÛ«è¯ àµí£pÙè…. 7. This hotel/It does good business.
ÏÚÛ\è[ draw Íû¶ ÷«å àŸ«è[Ùè….
4. I go to temple on fridays. 8. Why does a student waste his/her/any
draw:
1) FüŒ‰x ö°Ùæ¨N êÁè[è[Ù, à¶ë]è[Ù
ví£øŒo: WûË 24 ‘ví£AòÅ¡’ þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùà Q&A QJ{-
5. Good children always obey their parents. name's time? ÚÛö˺ ÓÙ. -ûËÂ-ô¦÷±, ìt-Ú•Ùè[ ìªÙ#
9. How well he/she /any name/ It We draw water from the tap/ the well/ the
parents
(ñªClÄ-÷ªÙ-꟪-öµjì í‡õxõª î¦üŒx ÚÛª NëŶ- (áÙ꟪÷± ‘Óí£±p-èµjû¦ ›ú-î¦J Oªë¶ ÏÙÚ¥ òÅ°ô¢Ù
óŸªÙÞ¥ ÑÙæ°ô¢ª.) Íô³ê¶) swims? river etc., í£è[ª-꟪ÙC’ Íû¶ î¦Ú¥u-EÚ¨ ú£÷«-ì-iì eng-
pron: obey ÖòµóÀª = Íé-ÚÛª-÷Þ¥ ÑÙè[è[Ù, ÷«å 10. Does he/she/any name look ill? 2) draw ÚÛª ·ôÙèÁ Íô¢nÙ ÷ªìÙ-ë]-JÚ© êµõªú£ª. lish proverb ÑÙç¶ àµí£p-÷ªE Íè…-Þ¥ô¢ª.
Nìè[Ù, NëŶ-óŸªêŸ ÚÛLT 11. Where does he/she/any name work? ò˹÷ªtõª î¶óŸªè[Ù. ë¯EÚ¨ ú£·ôjì proverb ö¶ë]E àµð§pô¢ª. Ú¥F
12. Does he/she/any name go to movies Bapu draws beautiful pictures Íë¶ Íô¢nÙö˺ ÖÚÛ saying ÑÙC ÚÛë¯?
Oªô¢« ô¦óŸªÙè…!
often? (ò°í£± ÍÙë]-iì ò˹÷ªtõª Uþ§hô¢ª) 'All lay loads on a willing horse'
13. What does he/she/any name think of this 1st RDW= draw, 2nd RDW = draws, Past
– âµ. òµEê¦ è¶NèÂ, ÚÛô¢«oõª
Doing Word = drew.
þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Oª ú£Ùë¶ï£„õìª plan?

þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃ, ví£AòÅ¡èµúÃ\, Ðû¦è[ª,


14. What does he/she/any name do in the Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Englishö˺ vð§Ú©dúà à¶óŸªÙè…. áî¦ñª: Í÷±ìª. Thank you very much òµEê¦
þ¼÷«>Þœ«è[, šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ë–82.
evenings? ô¢íÆ£³: Î ò˹÷ªt Uú‡Ù-ëµ-÷ô¢ª? è¶NèÂ. One is never too old to learn (ÓÙêŸ
#ô¢ªû¦÷«ÚÛª í£Ùí‡ÙàŸ÷àŸªa. 15. Does he/she/any name like tea? What ô¦÷³: õêŸ
ô¢íÆ£³: Î ÍÙêŸ ò°Þ¥ Uú£ªhÙë¯?
÷óŸªú£ª ôjû¦ êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÁ-î¦-Lq-ìN ÑÙæ°ô³)
does he/she prefer?
email: pratibha@ eenadu.net Íû¶C Óí£±pè[« ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 6 Vöµj 2005

Ajitha: Hi Naresh, how goes Life? î¦è[-÷àŸªa.


(à¦õ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙí£± ÷«åö˺x ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ eg:
ÖÚÛæ¨. Practice à¶ú‡ î¦è[Ùè…. Dìô¢nÙ, 1)
Óö° Ñû¦o÷± ÍE) Laxman: Did you meet Ram yesterday?
Naresh: No regrets. Getting on. Bharat: Yes, I did.
(ò°ëÅ]-ö¶Oª ö¶÷±. ÔëÁ áJ-T-ð¼-êÁÙC.) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ Íô³ê¶, Yes I met him ÍÙæ°Ù.
Ajitha: Did you go through the Eenadu this Conversational
Þ¥ Íô³ê¶ 'Yes I did' à¦õª.
morning? 2)
(Ð ôÁV ð»ë]ªlì ‘Ðû¦è[ª’ àŸC-î¦î¦?) Divya: Does she sing well?
Naresh: No, I didn't. What's new? Deepika: She does, very well.
(ö¶ë]ª. Ôiû¦ Nø™ù£Ù ÑÙë¯?) conversational
Þ¥ She does ÍÙç¶ à¦õª.
Ajitha: Don't you (Do not you/Do you not) ÷«÷´õªÞ¥ Íô³ê¶, Yes, she sings very well
read the newspaper? ÍÙæ°Ù.
(ì«uúÃ-›í-í£ô àŸë]-÷î¦?) 3) (šíj áî¦-ñªö˺x 2 ö˺ No, she is not a good Suman: ÍC Þ•í£pëÁ Ú¥ëÁ û¦ÚÛª êµMë]ª, Ú¥E one
Naresh: I do, of course. But this morning I Champa: Do you practice the game regu- singer ÍE Ú¥E, 3 ö˺ No, we are not students of the hottestÍE ÷«vêŸÙ êµõªú£ª.
was in a hurry. I just ran through the larly? ÍE Ú¥F í£²JhÞ¥ Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª) 6)
headlines. My sister reads the Charan: Oh, yes, I do. Ú•ÙàµÙ ›ï°üŒ-ìÞ¥ áî¦-G-÷y-è¯-EÚ¨ ÚÛ«è¯ Ð clipped Madan: ìª÷±y à¦ö° ÷ªÙ#-î¦-è…ö° ÚÛE-í‡-ú£ªh-û¦o÷±.
paper in detail. I practice the game regularly ÍE îµ³êŸhÙ Íì- responses- ÚÛªCÙ-#ì ú£pÙë]-ìõª– î¦è[ª-꟪Ùæ°Ù. (seem; a good fellow î¦è[Ùè…)
(àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ìª. Ú¥F ð»ë]ªlì è¯-N-è…ö˺ ÚÛªÙè¯,'I do' ÍÙç¶ ú£ï£°-áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC. Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é àŸ«è[Ùè…. Manoj: Í÷±û¦? ÍC F ÷ªÙ#-êŸìÙ ÷õx
šï°èÂ-öµjûËÂq ÷«vêŸÙ àŸCî¦. ÷« àµöµxõª 4) Govind: I play better than Sachin. 7)
›íí£ô êŸhÙ àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪ÙC.) Prameela: Does Kranthi meet you often? Mukund: î¦üŒ‰x òÅ°ô¢-B-óŸ³ö°?
(û¶ìª ú£#ûË ÚÛÙç¶ ò°Þ¥ Îè[-ê¦ìª.) Murari:
Ajitha: Does she? Prasanthi: No, she doesn't (= does not) Ú¥ô¢ª/ Í÷±ìª.
Govardhan: Oh, do you? People don't know
(Í÷±û¦?) 8)
ÏÚÛ\è[answer, 'no' she doesn't
Ú¥ñæ¨d ÍÙæ°Ù. that, unfortunately
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ 'do, does, did' Óö° î¦è¯ôÁ Nelson: Ð í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª Oªî¦?
No, she does not meet me often ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ (×É˺, Íö°Þ¥?ví£á-õ-ÚÛC êµLóŸªë]ª,
àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª ÚÛë¯. ÏÙêŸÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª ÚÛ«è¯ Oæ¨E Neeraj: Í÷±ìª. Í÷Fo û¦î¶/-Ú¥÷±.

í£²JhÞ¥.... àµí£pÚÛ\¸ôxë]ª!
Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. ë]ªô¢ë]'ù£dÙ – ÏC ›ï°üŒì) 9)
N÷JÙà¦Ù. ÷ªSx ÷ªô¢#ð¼ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙè¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª Ð
Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uõª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ vð§Ú©dúà à¶óŸªÙè…. Taruni:Oªô¢ª æ©O úˆJ-óŸªöËÀq àŸ«þ§hô¦?
eg: Sania: Í÷±ìª àŸ«þ§h-ìª/-àŸ«-è[ìª.
1) Taruni:ÍN Îú£Ú¨hÞ¥ ÑÙæ°óŸ«.
Pavan: Eìo Oª Ú¥ô¢ª-¸Ú-÷ª-ô³ÙC? Sania: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª ('are' î¦è[Ùè…)
(Í÷è[Ù– happen. what, who êŸô¦yêŸ Ú•Eo 10)
ú£Ùë]ô¦sÄö˺x questionsö˺ 'do', 'does', 'did' Bhaskar: î¦Rx-ÚÛ\è[ ÑÙè¶-î¦ü‹x? (were î¦è[Ùè…)
ô¦÷±. eg: Oª·Ú-÷-J-à¦aô¢ª Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ? Who Bhanu: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª (were î¦è¯L)
gave you the book?) 11)
(What happened to your car yes- Teacher: Ð ví£øŒo ÚÛù£d÷«?
5) OªJ-í£±pè[ª do, does, did, am, is, are etc...
terday?) Pupil: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª (is ô¦î¦L)
Sekhar: Did you talk to Kalyan yesterday? î¦è[ªêŸ« Ð Ú¨ÙC conversation English ö˺ Oª
Prakash: ÍC ë¯Jö˺ ÎT-ð¼-ô³ÙC. Chandra: No, I didn't (= did not) Answers:
friends êÁ practice à¶óŸªÙè…:
(It broke down yesterday.) No, I did not talk to him.
í£²JhÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì í£E-
- break
(Ú¥ô¢ª, óŸªÙvê¦õª í£E-à¶-óŸª-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù Ú¨ÙC Ñë¯--ô¢-éõª àŸ«è[Ùè…. 1)
ö¶ë]ª. Krishna: OªÚÛª ÙD êµõªþ§? Pratima: Do you speak Tamil?
down) 6)
Pavan: (Do you know Hindi?) Pratibha: Yes, I do / No, I don't.
ÍC êŸô¢àŸ« ÎT-ð¼-꟪Ù-åªÙë¯? Mallik: Do you like cricket?
(Does it break down frequently?) Srinivas: êµMë]ª 2)
Prakash: êŸô¢àŸ« áô¢-Þœë]ª. Eìo ÷«vêŸÙ Ñìo- (No, I don't)/ Janaki: Does Venu like Tennis?
åªxÙè… ÎT-ð¼-ô³ÙC. êµõªú£ª (yes, I do). Jayanthi: Yes, he does / No, he doesn't.
(No, it doesn't (does not)). 1) 3)
Pratima:
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 13
No clear
êÁ ÚÛ«è¯ ÎT-ð¼-÷àŸªa. Ú•ÙàµÙ Þ¥ Íô³ê¶, Oªô¢ª êŸNªüŒÙ Shyam: I want to become the CM
No, it doesn't
ÍÙç¶ à¦õª. ÷«æ°x-è¯-ê¦ô¦? Sundar: Oh, do you? Is that enough?
Pratibha: ÷«æ°x-è[ª-ê¦-ìª/- 4)
No it doesn't breakdown frequently ÍE í£²JhÞ¥
àµð§pLqì í£E-ö¶ë]ª. Madhav: No, I don't (= do not)
÷«-æ°x-è[ìª. Prabhat: Kamal left for/went to Mumbai
2) yesterday
2) I don't like cricket M. SURESAN
ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. Janaki: î¶éªÚÛª çµEúà Praveen: Did he? Why?
Pradeep: Sreenivas sings well.
Ð Ú¨ÙC conversation í£J-Q-LÙ-àŸÙè…. Do, does Ïù£d÷«?(like î¦è[Ùè…) 5)
(XE-î¦úà ò°Þ¥ ð§è[-ê¦è[ª). did ö°Þ¥û¶ am, is, are, was, were õêÁ ÚÛªxí£hÙÞ¥ Jayanthi:
Prasanth: Does he?
Ïù£d-/-Ú¥ë]ª Sukumar: Our city is the best in A.P.
responses Ï÷y-÷àŸªa. 3) Suman: Oh, is it? which city is it?
(Í÷±-û¦?/-ð§-è[-ê¦è¯?) 1) Shyam:
ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ does he sing so well ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ û¶ìª ÷³Üu-÷ªÙvAE Ú¥î¦õ-ìª-Ú•Ù-åª- Sukumar: Vijayawada
Padma: Are you a teacher? û¦oìª. Suman: I don't know whether it is the
Íû¦Lqì í£E-ö¶ë]ª. Sundar:
3)
(Oªô¢ª æ©àŸô¦?) ×É˺ Íö°Þ¥? ÍC à¦ö°? best, but I know it is one of the
Prakash: Yes I am. 4)
Vinai: She scored the highest marks in last
(Í÷±ìª) hottest places.
Yes, I am a teacher Prabhat: (go /
6)
week's exam.
Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. Eìo ÚÛ÷ªöËÀ ÷³Ùò°óÀª îµü‹xè[ª
2) leave î¦è[Ùè…)
(ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù í£K-¤Ûö˺ ÎÚÛª ÍÙë]J ÚÛû¦o Madan: You seem/appear to be a good fel-
Sita: Is Uma a good singer? Praveen: Íö°Þ¥? ÓÙë]ªÚÛª?
ÓÚÛª\÷ ÷«ô¢ª\õª ÷à¦aô³.) low
Alivelu: No, she isn't (= is not) 5)
Varun: Did she? Manoj: Do I? That's because of your good-
(Î Ú¥ë]ª) Sukumar:÷« Òô¢ª ÎÙvëÅ]-ví£-ë¶øÉ êŸhÙö˺
(ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ Did she score... ÍE ness.
í£²JhÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª.) 3) Þ•í£pC (best î¦è[Ùè…) 7)
Ramesh: Are you students? Suman: Íö°Þ¥? Ô Òô¢Ùè† ÍC?
Íö°¸Þ Í÷±ìª, Ú¥ë]ª í£ë¯õÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ do, does, did Jagan & Naresh: No, we aren't/yes, we are Sukumar: Ná-óŸª-î¦è[
Mukund: Are they Indians?
Murari: No, they aren't / yes, they are
8)
ví£øŒo: ÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª First, second, next áî¦ñª: îµ³ë]æ¨ î¦ÚÛuÙ ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. was
'Best' áî¦ñª: This stone was laid by somebody Nelson: Are these books your's?
Íû¶ í£ë¯õª Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ-àŸ-÷à¦a? êŸô¦yêŸ, ÍÙç¶ Ô 'be' form êŸô¦yêŸ ÚÛ«è¯, do, ÏÚÛ\è[ stone ÍÙç¶ í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³. ÍÙç¶, Neeraj: Yes, they are all mine / No,they
– >.N.-X-ë¶N, Î÷ª-ë¯-õ-÷-õú£ go, come, walk ö°Ùæ¨ 1st RDW (1st Dams, GLfÙ-ÞÂq-ö°Ùæ¨ Eô¦t-é°õª vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ-à¶-å- aren't. (= are not)
Regular Doing Words) ô¦÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ was í£±pè[ª VIPõª í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³ î¶óŸªè[Ù / øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n-
áî¦ñª: 'First best' ÍE ÍìÙ. ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙç¶, do Íû¶C English Ú¥ë]ª. ·ôÙèÁ î¦ÚÛuÙ 'What í£ì à¶óŸªè[Ù.
9)
Taruni: Do you watch TV serials?
'best' ö˺û¶ first Íû¶ òÅ°÷Ù ÑÙC. next best, did he do?' ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. ÏÚÛ\è[ verb: did do = did. The CM laid the foundation stone for the Sania: Yes, I do / No, I don't (=do not)
second best, third best... Íì-÷àŸªa. Answer: He played / sang; He did not do bridge. Taruni: Are they interesting?
ví£øŒo: Interrogative sentences ö˺ helping anything ö°Þ¥ ô¦÷àŸªa. (÷³Üu-÷ªÙvA ÷Ùêµ-ìÚÛª í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³ î¶ø‹ô¢ª / Sania: Yes, they are / No, they aren't
verbsìª Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ-à¶-å-í£±pè[ª was ví£øŒo: This stone was laid by somebody øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n-í£ì à¶ø‹ô¢ª.) 10)
ö¶ë¯ did Ôó¶ª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x î¦è¯L? Íû¶ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ 'laid' ÞœªJÙ# N÷-JÙ-àŸ-Þœ- lie (present tense) (Íñë]lÄÙ àµí£pè[Ù), lied (past Bhaskar: Were they here?
Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uö˺x ÔC ú£·ôj-ìëÁ êµõ-í£Ùè…. õô¢ª. Íö°¸Þ lying Íû¶, lie Íû¶ verbs tense), lied (past participle).
Bhanu: Yes, they were / No, they weren't
1) What was he do? ÚÛª, laid Íû¶ verb ÚÛª present, past, lie (present) (í£è[ª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù, Nvø‹ÙA Bú£ª-ÚÁ- 11)
2) What did he do? past participle êµõ-í£Ùè…. lay (past), laim(past participle).
Teacher: Is this question difficult?
÷è[Ù...),
–ÓúÃ.-îµj.·Ú., õ·Úq-æ¨d-›íå – Xìª, òÅ¡vë¯-àŸõÙ lay (present)
(ÑÙàŸè[Ù, Þœªè[ªx-ší-ådè[Ù, øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n- Pupil: Yes, it is / No it isn't
í£ì à¶óŸªè[Ù), laid (past), laid (past participle).
I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒ‰vÚÛî¦ô¢Ù 8 Vöµj 2005

eg: Ram: ìª÷±y ò°Þ¥ wèµjîË à¶þ§hî¦? (Good at eg:


1) What gives light and heat to the driving/well ·ôÙè[« î¦è[Ùè…) 1) ú‡E-÷«·ÚüŒë¯Ù í£ë].
world? Rahim: ìª÷±y àŸ«þ§hî¦ Óö° à¶þ§hûËÁ? ô¦, Let's (= Let us) go to a movie
(ví£í£Ù-à¦-EÚ¨ îµõª-Þœªìª, î¶è…E Ïà¶aC ÔC?) Ú¥ú£h ë]«ô¢Ù îµü‹lÙ. 2) Ú¥ú£h Ú¥íƈ ê¦Þœªë¯Ù
2) What happened yesterday? (Ú¥ô¢ª, ñúà ö°Ùæ¨ î¦æ¨ö˺x îµüŒxè[Ù – ride) Let's have Coffee
(Eìo ÔÙ áJ-TÙC?) 3) ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ îµüŒë¯Ù í£ë].
Ð ·ôÙè[ª î¦Ú¥uö˺x what êŸô¦yêŸ does Let's go home
give ÍE Ú¥E, did happen ÍE Ú¥F 4) ÏÙTxùÃö˺ ÷«æ°x-è[ª-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 14
ÍìÙ. Íö°¸Þ, 'who' êŸô¦yêŸ ÚÛ«è¯. Let us (Let's) converse in English
eg: 5) ÏÙTxùà û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù
Let's (Let us) learn English.
1) Who knows the answer?
Answer: II.
(ú£÷«-ëůìÙ Ó÷-JÚ¨ êµõªú£ª? 'Who
'Let' ÍÙç¶ ÏÙÚÁ Íô¢nÙ à¶óŸªE÷±y, AìE÷±y,
does know?' ÍìÙ.) Ram: What happened yesterday?
2) Who gave you the book last night? Rahim: My car broke down.
àŸ«è[E÷±y-ö°Ùæ¨ òÅ°÷Ù (= ú£÷ªt-AÙ-àŸè[Ù)
1) î¦è…E ÏÚÛ\è…Ú¨ ô¦FóŸªÙè….
(Eìo ô¦vA FÚÛª Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ Ó÷-J- Ram: Does it breakdown often?
Let him come here
Let's go to a movie

ô¦F...ô¦F... ÷›úh ô¦F!!


à¦aô¢ª?– Who did give you? ÍìÙ.) Rahim: No. It doesn't usually. Only yester-
2) î¦üŒxìª îµüŒxFóŸªÙè….
Let them go
3) ììªo ÷«æ°x-è[FóŸªÙè….
Venkat: Someone wants to see you. Let me talk
(Ó÷ôÁ Nª÷ªtLo àŸ«è¯-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª.) 4) ÎN-è[ìª ð§è[FóŸªÙè….
Venu: Let him come in. (ö˺í£-LÚ¨ ô¢÷ªt-ìÙè….) Let her sing
Venkat: He wants to talk you sir. 5) ììªo NìFóŸªÙè….
(ÎóŸª-ì OªêÁ ÷«æ°x-è¯-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª.) Let me hear M. SURESAN
Venu: Ok, what does he want to talk to me? III.
(ú£¸ô, ÎóŸªì û¦êÁ ÔÙ ÷«æ°x-è¯-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ- Let ÍÙç¶ ÏÙÚÁ Íô¢nÙ ú£÷ªt-AÙ-àŸè[Ù (allow)
åª-û¦oô¢ª?) 1) ÷ªSx î¦è…E ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ô¦F-óŸªìª
Venkat: I do not know.
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é practice à¶óŸªÙè…. day. I don't let him come here again.
(û¦ÚÛª êµL-óŸªë]ª.) Ram: Who repaired it? 2)
Venu: Ok, let him talk. First of all let him Ram: Eìo ÔÙ áJ-TÙC? î¦è…E çµjîª î¶úÃd à¶óŸªE÷yÚÛª
Rahim: û¦ Ú¥ô¢ª ð§èµjð¼ô³ ÎT-ð¼-ô³ÙC Rahim: A nearby mechanic. Don't let him waste time/ Let him not waste
come in.
(break down î¦è[Ùè….) Ram: Do you drive? time.
(ú£¸ô, ÍêŸ-è…E ÷«æ°x-è[-F-óŸªÙè…. ÷³Ùë]ª Rahim: Oh, Yes, I do.
ö˺í£-LÚ¨ ô¦F-óŸªÙè….) (break down ÍÙç¶ Ú¥ô¢ª, ö°K, ñúÃ, Ôëµjû¦ 3) DEo î¦è…Ú¨ êµLóŸª-E-÷yÚÛª
Ram: Have you/ Do you have a driver, or Don't let him know it / Let him not know it.
šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ let î¦è[ªÚÛ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. DEo ÷ªì óŸªÙvêŸÙ àµè…-ð¼ô³ ÎT-ð¼÷è[Ù)
do you drive it yourself?
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ ú£ô¢y-þ§-ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ î¦è[ª-꟪Ùæ°Ù. Ram: êŸô¢àŸ« àµè…-ð¼ô³ ÎT-ð¼-꟪Ùë¯? 4) ÎN-è[êÁ î¦è…E ÷«æ°xè[E÷yÚÛª
Rahim: ö¶ë]ª, ö¶ë]ª. Eìo ÷«vêŸî¶ª áJ-TÙC. Rahim: I don't have a driver. I drive it
English ö˺ I RDW (Regular Doing Words- Don't let him talk to her.
Ram: myself.
go, come ö°Ùæ¨ verbs)ìª notêÁ questions ö˺
ë¯Eo Ó÷ô¢ª J›íô¢ª à¶ø‹ô¢ª? 5) î¦è…E ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙè[E÷yÚÛª
Rahim: ë]Þœ_-ôÁxû¶ Ñìo ڥ-EÚÂ. Ram: Do you drive well? / Are you good
î¦è…ìí£±pè[ª 'do'; II RDW (goes, comes ö°Ùæ¨ Don't let him stay here/ Let him not stay
(nearby= ë]Þœ_-ô¢ªìo) at driving?
verbs) ÚÛª questionsö˺ 'not' êÁ î¦è…ìí£±pè[ª Rahim: (Do you) Want to see how I drive? here.
Ram: ìª÷±y wèµjîË à¶þ§hî¦?
'does'; Past Doing Words (PDW- went, came Come, let's have a ride. 6) ٠í‡õx-õìª ÷«æ°x-è[-E÷yÙ
Rahim: à¶þ§hìª.
ö°Ùæ¨ verbs) 'not'
ÚÛª questions
êÁ ö˺ We don't let children talk.
'did'
Ram: FÚÛª wèµj÷ô¢ªû¦oè¯? ìªî¶y wèµjîË ÏÚÛ\è[ 'let' Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ# àŸ«è[Ùè….
î¦è…ìí£±pè[ª ÷ú£ªhÙ-ë]E êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ. Íô³ê¶ Ð î¦Ú¥u-õ-EoÙ-æ¨ö˺ let allow
ÍÙç¶ ÍE
what, who
Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x do, does,
êŸô¦yêŸ à¶þ§hî¦? Ïö°Ùæ¨ ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x 'let' ÍÙç¶ Ôëµjû¦ í£E à¶ë¯lÙ
Rahim: wèµj÷ô ö¶è[ª. û¶û¶ wèµjîË à¶þ§h.
êµõªþ¼hÙC ÚÛë¯.
did Íû¶N ô¦÷E Þœ÷ª-EÙ-à¦L. ÍE ú£«#Ù-àŸè[Ù.

ví£øŒo: Being ìª þ§ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ passive will be your plan? am having, is having, are having Íû¶N
ví£øŒo: î¦uÚÛ-ô¢é ú£«vê¦-õìª Íìª-ú£-JÙ#
ÍêŸè[ª à¦ö° ÚÛJÈ-ìÙÞ¥ Ñû¦oè[ª ÍE Íô¢nÙ. ÍÙæ°Ù.
ö˺ î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ú¥F He is being
voice ví£øŒo: having ìª Ôó¶ª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x î¦è[- Aìè[Ù, Bú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù Íû¶ Íô¦nE¸Ú î¦è[-ê¦ô¢ª.
î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ being ìª ÔN-ëÅ]ÙÞ¥
difficult What will you be? ê¦ô¢ª? Ð í£ë]Ù ÷#a-ì-í£±pè[ª verb ÚÛLT ÑÙè[è[Ù Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ î¦è[ô¢ª.
î¦è¯ôÁ êµL-óŸª-â¶-óŸª-Þœ-õô¢ª.Actually Where will you be? ÚÛ«è¯ past participle ö˺û¶ î¦è¯ö°? I am having a car ÍÙç¶ û¶ìª Ú¥ô¢ªìª AÙåª-
being êŸô¦yêŸ verb past participle ö˺ What will your plan be? Ñë¯--ô¢-é-õêÁ N÷-JÙ-àŸÙè…. û¦o-ìû¶ Ní£-K-ê¦ô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC.
ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯! being ìª Ô ú£Ùë]-ô¢sÄÙö˺ How will your plan be? – Ú¥·ô ô¢N-ÚÛª-÷«ôÂ, òÅËºÞ¥í£±ô¢Ù û¦ÚÛª Ú¥ô¢ªÙC– Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ I have a car.
î¦è[-ê¦ôÁ êµL-óŸª-â¶-óŸª-Þœ-õô¢ª. ÍE ví£øŒo î¦Ú¥uõª ÑÙè¯L. ví£øŒoö˺ áî¦ñª: I, We, You, They Íô³ê¶ have û¦ ›úo-꟪-è…Ú¨ ÖÚÛ Ú•è[ªÚÛª, ÖÚÛ Ú۫꟪ô¢ª
– óŸªÙ. ú£ô¢pÄ-ô¦âÉÀ ìî¦âÉÀ, ÚÛô¢«oõª ú£òµbÚÛªd ÷³Ùë]ª will be/ shall be/ can ÍÙæ°Ù. He, She, It Íô³ê¶ has ÍÙæ°Ù. Ñû¦oô¢ª.
My friend has a son and a daughter.
áî¦ñª: He is being difficult- ÍÙç¶ ÍêŸìª
be/ may be ô¦ÚÛ«-è[ë]ª ÚÛë¯! Ú¥F Ïæ©- a) I/We/You/My friends (they) have the
My friend is having a son and a daughter.
÷õ Oªô¢ª þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùà ÎôÁ òÅ°ÞœÙö˺ book.
Ïí£±pè[ª ú£÷ªú£uÞ¥ Ñû¦oè[ª ÍE Íô¢nÙ. ÏÚÛ\è[ ô¦ú‡ì ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ What will be your b) My friend (He/She) has the book. ÍÙç¶ ÷à¶a Ní£-K-ê¦ô¢nÙ– ÎóŸªì î¦üŒxìª AÙåª-
'is being' ÍÙç¶ Ïí£±pè[ª ÑÙè[è[Ù (continu-
plan? ÍE ô¦ø‹ô¢ª ÍC êŸí£±p ÚÛë¯! c) The fan (It) has three blades. û¦o-ô¢E ÚÛë¯!
ous), is being êŸô¦yêŸ past participle ÑÙç¶ Ú¥ñæ¨d Ïåª-÷Ùæ¨àÁåx am having / is having /
Öí£±p Íô³ê¶ vÞ¥÷ªô ú£«vêŸÙ êµL-óŸª-â¶- have/has ·ôÙè[ª Íô¦nõª:
ÍC passive voice Í÷±-꟪ÙC. are having î¦è[Ù.
1. Ôëµjû¦ ÖÚÛ-JÚ¨ ÑÙè[è[Ù (ÚÛLT ÑÙè[è[Ù).
óŸª-Þœ-õô¢ª.
The letter is being written (ô¦óŸªñè[ªêŸ« I am having tea, because coffee is not
ÑÙC I am/We are writing the letter ÚÛª pas- – ÍõxÙ-ô¦V ÚÛ'ù£d-U-ê¦-ô¢ªbì, Eè[-ë]-îËÁõª šíj î¦Ú¥uö˺x have Íô¢nÙ Ïë¶. available. am having correct.
áî¦ñª: What will be your plan? ÚÛ·ô¸Úd.
ÏÚÛ\è[
sive). is being í£ÚÛ\ì difficult ö°Ùæ¨ Þœªé°- 2. Aìè[Ù, ê¦Þœè[Ù (Îô¢Ù) (Ú¥íƈ ö¶ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d æ© ê¦Þœª-꟪-û¦oìª)
õìª êµL›í ÷«å-õªÙç¶ ÍN ÑÙè¶ î¦üŒ‰xÞ¥ Íô³ê¶ Oª ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù ÚÛ«è¯ ú£·ôj-ìë¶. what êÁ a) I have coffee in the mornings. She is having a beautiful necklace.
Ñû¦o-ô¢E Íô¢nÙ. vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙචví£øŒo-õÚÛª Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]ô¦sÄö˺x will be, (û¶ìª Ñë]óŸªÙ Ú¥íƈ Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°ìª.) ÏC ·ôjæ˺ Ú¥ëÁ àŸ«è[Ùè…. Ú¥ë]ª-ÚÛë¯. Î ûµ·Úx-
I am being good to you. shall be õª ÚÛL›ú ÷þ§hô³. ÏN 'what ques- b) My mother has breakfast at 8 AM. úÃìª Aìë]ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d she has a beautiful
F í£åx û¶ìª ÷ªÙ#Þ¥ ÑÙåª-û¦oìª (Ïí£±pè[ª). tions' ÚÛª ÷«vêŸî¶ª. Íô³ê¶ What will your (Í÷ªt Ñë]óŸªÙ ÓE-Nª-CÙ-æ¨Ú¨ vò¶ÚÂ-ðƧúÃd necklace Íû¦L.having ÚÛª ú£ÙñÙCÅÙ# ÷ªJEo
He is being harsh. plan be? Íìè[Ù ÚÛ«è¯ ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. ÓÚÛª\-÷Þ¥ What à¶ú£ªhÙC.) Nù£óŸ«õª ô¦òËºó¶ª î¦uþ§ö˺x àŸJaë¯lÙ.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ÎCî¦ô¢Ù 10 Vöµj 2005

Murali: Hi Sravanthi, keeping well? Walk - not êÁ/ question ö˺ do walk
(vú£÷ÙB, ò°Þœª-û¦oî¦?) Walks - not êÁ/ question ö˺ does walk
ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙ›í. Oª conversation ö˺ (For Regular actions)
î¦è[Ùè…. Íö°¸Þ Past Doing Words (came, walked,
Sravanthi: I am, of course. How about you? talked, sang, stood ö°Ùæ¨ verbs) ÚÛª not êÁ,
(û¶ìª-ÚÛª-ö°-þ§û¶. F ú£ÙÞœA?) question ö˺ 'did' ÷ú£ªhÙC. (÷ªSx Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁÙè….
(How about you?= F ú£ÙÞœA) çµjîª êµL-ú‡ì past action ÚÛª Past Doing Word
Murali: I am OK. I saw you at the park î¦è[ê¦Ù.)
last evening. He sang well yesterday.
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦oìª. Eìo þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ (Eìo ò°Þ¥ ð§è¯è[ª)
û¶ìª Eìªo ð§ôÂ\ö˺ àŸ«ø‹ìª.) Eìo ò°Þ¥ ð§è[-ö¶ë]ª (ÍÙç¶ not êÁ)
Sravanthi: But I didn't (= did not) see you. He did not sing well yesterday. b) They did not come here last week.
c) ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\è…Ú¨ Óí£±pè[ª ÷à¦aô¢ª?
Why didn't you (= did you not) 'did' not c) When did they come here last week?
êÁ ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. d) ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ÷à¦aô¢ª?
talk to me. Eìo ò°Þ¥ ð§è¯è¯? (ÏC question) d) Why did they come here last week?
e) ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\è…Ú¨ ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ô¦ö¶ë]ª?
(û¶ìª Eìªo àŸ«è[-ö¶ë]ª. ÷ª·ôÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Did he sing well yesterday? 6. a) û¶û¦-îµªìª îµ³ë]å û¦õª¸ÞüŒx vÚ¨êŸÙ (ago) e) Why didn't they come here last week?
û¦êÁ ÷«æ°x-è[-ö¶ë]ª?) ÏÚÛ\è[ question ö˺ ÚÛ«è¯ 'did' ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ- ÚÛõªú£ª-ÚÛª-û¦oìª. (didn't they = did they not / did not they)
àŸÙè…. b) û¶û¦-îµªìª îµ³ë]å û¦õª-¸ÞüŒx vÚ¨êŸÙ ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÁ- 6. a) I met her first (for the first time) four
Eìo Óö° ð§è¯è[ª? ö¶ë]ª. years ago (back Ú¥ë]ª).

áJTìO.. áô¢ÞœEO!
How did he sing? c) ìª÷±y Îîµªìª Óí£±pè[ª ÚÛõªú£ª-ÚÛª-û¦o÷±? b) I did not meet her four years ago.
Óí£±pè[ª ð§è¯è[ª? d) Íí£±pè[ª Î FêÁ ÔÙ àµí‡pÙC? c) When did you meet her?
When did he sing? e) Íí£±pè[ª Î FêÁ Ô÷ªû¦o àµí‡pÙë¯? d) What did she tell you / say to you then?
e) Did she tell you / say anything to you?
7. a) We made all these ready yesterday.
b) We did not make all these ready yes-
terday.
c) Did you make all
these ready yes-
terday?
d) Why didn't you
(did you not / did
not you) make all
these ready yes-
Ú¥ñæ¨d Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦-Lqì Nù£óŸªÙ– 7. a) ٠Eìoæ¨¸Ú Ï÷Fo ú‡ë]lÄÙ à¶ø‹Ù. terday? M. SURESAN
Past Doing Word ìª (past simple form) not êÁ b) ٠Eìo-æ¨¸Ú Ï÷Fo ú‡ë]lÄÙ à¶óŸª-ö¶ë]ª. e) Why did you
Þ¥E, question ö˺ Þ¥F î¦è…ê¶ did + 1st Regular c) Oªô¢ª Eìo-æ¨¸Ú Ï÷Fo ú‡ë]lÄÙ à¶ø‹ô¦? make all these ready yesterday?
Doing Word Í÷±-꟪ÙC. d) Oªô¢ª Eìo-æ¨¸Ú Ï÷Fo ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ú‡ë]lÄÙ à¶óŸª- 8. a) I studied in Nellore last year.
He sang well yesterday. ö¶ë]ª? b) I did not study in Nellore last year.
How about you? a) He did not sing well yesterday. e) Oªô¢ª Eìo-æ¨¸Ú Ï÷Fo ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ú‡ë]lÄÙ c) Where did you study?
b) Did he sing well yesterday? à¶ø‹ô¢ª? d) Did you study in Nellore?
sang + not/? = did sing 8. a) û¶ìª ÞœêŸ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù ûµõ«x-ô¢ªö˺ àŸC-î¦ìª. 9. a) I went to a movie yesterday.
Murali: I had a call from home. My Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uõª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ practice à¶óŸªÙè…. b) I did not go to a movie yesterday.
b) û¶ìª ÞœêŸ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù ûµõ«x-ô¢ªö˺ àŸë]-÷-
mother wanted me immediate- eg: ÍêŸìª Eìo ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÷à¦aè[ª. c) Did you go to a movie yesterday?
ö¶ë]ª.
ly. So I rushed home. He came here yesterday. d) Did I go to a movie yesterday?
c) ìª÷±y ÓÚÛ\è[ àŸC-î¦÷±?
(û¦ÚÛª ÏÙæ¨ ìªÙ# ðƼûË ÷#aÙC. d) ìª÷±y ûµõ«x-ô¢ªö˺ àŸC-î¦î¦? e) Why did you go to a movie yesterday?
Í÷ªt ììªo îµÙåû¶ ô¢÷ªtÙC. 9. a) Eìo û¶ìª ú‡E÷«ÚÛª îµü‹xìª. f) Which movie did I go to, yesterday?
è¯-÷±-è…Þ¥ ÏÙæ¨-·Ú-ü‹xìª.) b) Eìo û¶ìª ú‡E-÷«ÚÛª îµüŒx-ö¶ë]ª. 10. a) Hemant bought a car last week.
Sravanthi: I stayed at with my friend
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 15 c) ìª÷±y Eìo ú‡E÷«ÚÛª îµü‹xî¦? b) Hemant did not buy a car last week.
Sudha till 7 PM. c) Did Hemant buy a car last week?
d) Eìo û¶ìª ú‡E÷« ·Úü‹xû¦?
(û¦ ›úo-꟪-ô¦õª ú£ªëÅ]êÁ ô¦vA 7 e) Eìo ìª÷±y ú‡E-÷«ÚÛª ÓÙë]ª-·Ú-ü‹x÷±? d) Which car did Hemant buy (last week)?
ÞœÙåõ ÷ô¢ÚÛª ð§ôÂ\-ö˺û¶ Ñû¦oìª.) ÍêŸìª Eìo ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ô¦ö¶ë]ª. f) Eìo û¶ìª Ô ú‡E÷«ÚÛª îµü‹xìª? Ú¥ñæ¨d past actions, time stated (çµjîª êµLú‡,
Ð conversation ö˺ verbs- saw, had, want- He did not come here yesterday. 10. a) ›ï°÷ªÙêÂ ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù Ú¥ô¢ª Ú•û¦oè[ª. ÞœêŸÙö˺ áJ-Tì) î¦æ¨Ú¨ Past Doing Word (came,
ed, rushed and stayed. Íî¶ Questions ö˺ ÷#a- sang, wrote ö°Ùæ¨N) î¦è[ê¦Ù. áô¢-ÞœE î¦æ¨Ú¨
ÍêŸìª Eìo ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÷à¦aè¯? b) ›ï°÷ªÙêÂ ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù Ú¥ô¢ª Ú•ì-ö¶ë]ª.
ì-í£±pè[ª did see, did talk Í÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. Ð Did he come here yesterday? c) ›ï°÷ªÙêÂ ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù Ú¥ô¢ª Ú•û¦oè¯? questions êÁ did + 1st Regular Doing Word
verbs ìª Past Doing Words ÍÙæ°Ù. ÏN 1. a) Î ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù Í-JÚ¥ îµRxÙC. d) ›ï°÷ªÙêÂ ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù Ô Ú¥ô¢ª Ú•û¦oè[ª? î¦è[ê¦Ù.
ÞœêŸÙö˺ ÷ªìÚÛª êµL-ú‡ì ú£÷ª-óŸªÙö˺ (Ô ôÁV, Ô b) Î ÞœêŸ-î¦ô¢Ù Í-JÚ¥ îµüŒx-ö¶ë]ª. Answers:
ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù, Ô ú£÷ªóŸªÙ, Ô ûµõ êŸC-êŸô¢ N÷-ô¦õª) c) Î ÍJÚ¥ îµRxÙë¯?
áJ-Tì ú£ÙíÆ£ª-åìõìª ÞœªJÙ# àµñª-ê¦ô³. î¦æ¨E 2. a) ÍêŸìª ÞœêŸ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù è…vU í£²Jh-à¶-ø‹è[ª. 1. a) She went to / left for the US last Week.
÷ªSx ÖÚÛþ§J Þœªô¢ªh-êµ-àŸªa-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù. b) ÍêŸìª ÞœêŸ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù è…vU í£²Jh à¶óŸª- b) She did not go to / leave for the US last
Past doing Words ÚÛª ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo Ñë¯--ô¢-éõª ö¶ë]ª. Week.
àŸ«è[Ùè…. c) ÍêŸìª è…vU Óí£±pè[ª í£²Jh-à¶-ø‹è[ª? c) Did she go to / leave for the US?
Regular Doing Past Doing 2. a) He completed (his) degree last year.
ví£øŒo:
3. a) êŸô¢-Þœ-꟪õª Ñë]óŸªÙ í£CÙ-æ¨Ú¨
Words Words b) He did not complete (his) degree last Standard English ví£Ú¥ô¢Ù ÏêŸ-ô¢ªõ ðƼûËÂ
vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡÷ªóŸ«uô³.
Come, Comes Came b) êŸô¢-Þœ-꟪õª Ñë]óŸªÙ í£CÙ-æ¨Ú¨ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù year. ûµÙñô ÷ªì Ívè[-úÃÞ¥ Ï›úh Ô÷ªE í‡õ-
c) When did he complete (his) degree?
– XëÅ]ôÂ, Aô¢ª-í£A
Sing, Sings Sang
î¦L.
Ú¥ö¶ë]ª.
Like, Likes Liked c) êŸô¢-Þœ-꟪õª Ñë]óŸªÙ í£CÙ-æ¨Ú¨ vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡-÷ª- ÏÚÛ\è[ 'Complete' ñë]ªõª, 'take', 'pass' î¦è…
practice
Talk, Talks Talked
áî¦ñª:
à¶óŸªÙè….
pp number Íìè[Ù ú£J Ú¥ë]ª. ð§êŸ-ôÁ-
óŸ«uóŸ«?
Smell, Smells Smelt 4. a) Eìo ìª÷±y ÍêŸè…E ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛª-û¦o÷±. 3. a) The classes began at 10 AM.
b) The classes did not begin at 10 AM.
Vö˺x ðƼìªx à¦ö° Íô¢ª-ë]ªÞ¥ ÑÙè…, STD ö¶ÚÛªÙè¯
b) Eìo ìª÷±y ÍêŸ-è…E ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÁ-ö¶ë]ª. Trunk booking Ñìo-í£±pè[ª ðƼûË ûµÙñô¢ª Ï#a
Regular Doing Words not questions c) Eìo ìª÷±y ÍêŸ-è…E ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ÚÛõªú£ª-ÚÛª- c) Did the classes begin at 10 AM.?
ÚÛª êÁ ö˺ íÆ£ö°û¦ ÷uÚ¨hÚ¨ (Particular Person -PP) call ÍE
do, does÷þ§hô³. û¦o÷±? 4. a) You met him yesterday. àµGê¶ Î ÷u¸Úh ÷#a ÷«æ°xè¶ ÷ô¢ÚÛª θÞî¦ô¢ª. ÏêŸ-
come - not êÁ/ question ö˺ do come 5. a) ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\è…Ú¨ ÷à¦aô¢ª. b) You did not meet him yesterday. ô¢ªõ ðƼûËÂ-ûµÙ-ñô ÷ªìE í‡õ-÷-è¯-EÚ¨ î¦è…ê¶ ÍC
comes - not êÁ/ question ö˺ does come b) ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ô¦ö¶ë]ª. c) Why did you meet him yesterday? CONTACT NUMBER- ÍÙç¶ Î ìÙñô Oªë]
5. a) They came here last week. ë•ô¢ª-ÚÛª-ê¦ìª ÍE Íô¢nÙ.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ÷ªÙÞœüŒî¦ô¢Ù 12 Vöµj 2005

b) To drive a car in such traffic is difficult. book?


(Ïö°Ùæ¨ trafficö˺car drive à¶óŸªè[Ù à¦ö° 13) Raghava does not want to study.
ÚÛù£dÙ.) Ð ÷«åõª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…
c) To smoke is bad for health. Scold, chide, reprimand = ÚÁí£p-è[è[Ù, ÷ªÙë]-LÙ-
(ð»Þœ íˆõaè[Ù ÎôÁ-Þ¥u-EÚ¨ E-ÚÛô¢Ù.) àŸè[Ù, ¸ÚÚÛ-ö¶-óŸªè[Ù
Ð ÷´èÁ Íô¢nÙ (ô¦óŸªè[Ù, Aìè[Ù ö°Þ¥) ÷#a- crush = ìõ-í£è[Ù, í‡Ùè[è[Ù, ìL-T-ð¼-÷è[Ù
ì-í£±pè[ª infinitive ñë]ªõª 'ing' from (eating, Squeeze = (ô¢ú£Ù ÚÁú£Ù) í‡Ùè[è[Ù
smoking, etc) î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Íô¢nÙ ÷«ô¢ë]ª. Squeeze tooth paste/shaving cream on the
a) To sit in the class for five hours is not a brush.
joke. paste
(vñùà Oªë] î¶óŸªè[Ù).
Sitting in the class for five hours is not a Squeeze dry =
Students go to college to study
ë]ªú£ªhõª ð»è…Þ¥ Íó¶ªuÙêŸ ÷ô¢ÚÛª
joke (to sit - sitting). í‡Ùè[è[Ù.
b) To drive a car is difficult. Ïë¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ ÏÙÚÁ ÷«å wring.
Driving a car is difficult twist = ÷ÙàŸè[Ù, L-ší-ådè[Ù
Prasanthi: Hi Preethi, where were you yes- ✒ (purpose)
c) To smoke is bad for health.
Ñë¶løŒÙ êµLóŸª-â¶-óŸªè[Ù.
terday? twist the arm = à¶ô³ L-ší-ådè[Ù
a) Students go to college to study.
Smoking is bad for health. fold = ÷ªè[êŸ, ÷ªè[êŸ šíådè[Ù
(víˆA, Eìo ìª÷±y ÓÚÛ\è[ª-û¦o÷±?) (àŸë]-÷-è¯-EÚ¨) Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª English practice
ö˺ à¶óŸªÙè….
Preethi: I went to Ameerpet to see my b) Suseela came here to join a college.
Ð Ú¨ÙC ›íô¢ªx êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÁÙè….
cousin Prema.
1) û¶ìª îµü‹xõ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª. lizard - ñLx
(college ö˺ à¶ô¢-è¯-EÚ¨)
cousin Prema
2) Î ð§è¯õE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺ÙC. (Dinosaurs ö°Ùæ¨ î¦æ¨E giant lizards ÍÙæ°ô¢ª)
(÷« ìª àŸ«è[è¯-EÚ¨ c) He went out an hour ago to buy vegeta-
Ameerpet
3) ví£A Në¯uJn best college ö˺û¶ à¶ô¦-õ-ìª- giant - òÅ°K øŒK-ô¢Ù-Þœ-õ-î¦è[ª
îµü‹xìª.) bles. (Ú•ì-è¯-EÚ¨)

÷´è[ª Íô¦nõêÁ infinitive


Prasanthi: I called you yesterday to ask you
ÚÛªÙ-æ°è[ª. (WWE ö˺ wrestlers ö°Þ¥). giant, gigantic
✒ Want, wish, hope, expect, desire ö°Ùæ¨ ÚÁJ-
for some books. Why is Prema in
Hyderabad now?
(Ú•Eo í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª Íè[Þœ-è¯-EÚ¨ Eìo FÚÛª
ðƼûË à¶ø‹ìª. v›í÷ª šïj°ë]-ô¦-ò°-ëÂö˺
ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛªÙC?)
Preethi: To join a software institute here.
(ÏÚÛ\è[ software institute ö˺ à¶ô¢-è¯-
EÚ¨)
Prasanthi: Which institute does she want to
study in?
4) ÖÚÛ ôÁTE àŸ«è[-è¯-EÚ¨ Eìo Îú£ªí£vAÚ¨ size
ÚÛõª êµL›í verbs í£ÚÛ\ì infinitive ÷›úh ‘à¶óŸ«- (áóŸªÙæËÀ, âµjÞ¥Ù-æ¨ÚÂ) Íû¦o à¦õšíë]l ÍE.
(Ô ÏûËÂú‡d-å«u-æËÀö˺ àŸë]-î¦-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ- îµü‹xìª. His is a gigantic figure.
õE’ Íû¶ Íô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC. 5) î¶éª àŸë]-ô¢Ùޜ٠Îè[-è¯-EÚ¨ ôÁW ú£ªò°s- Giant wheel
a) She wants to sing.
æ˺ÙC?) (òÅ°K ÎÚ¥ô¢Ù); êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛë¯.
Preethi: I don't know. To learn software in
ô¦÷± ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ îµüŒê¦è[ª. ê¦ò¶õª – tortoise (æ°æ¨úÃ).
(ð§è¯-õE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺ÙC.)
some good place is all that she
6) Ð vÞœ«íà àŸë]-÷è[Ù chameleon
b) He wishes to go home.
Òú£-ô¢-îµLx – (ÚÛOª-L-óŸªûËÂ)
wants.
v›íîªڨ Ïù£dÙ ö¶ë]ª. ð§÷±ô¢Ù – dove/pigeon
(ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ îµü‹x-õE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè[ª.)
(êµMë]ª. ÎÚÛª Ú¥î¦-LqÙ-ë]ö°x ÔëÁ 7) ÍÙêŸ-ë]«ô¢Ù ìè[- #õªÚÛ – parrot
ÖÚÛ ÷ªÙ# institute ö˺ software ÷è[Ù ú£ªõòÅ¡Ù Ú¥ë]ª. ÏüŒxö˺x šíÙàŸª-Ú•û¶ ÚÁüŒ‰x ö°Ùæ¨N – domestic fowl.
û¶ô¢ªaÚÁ÷è[Ù) 8) î¦è[ª Eìo ú£Jd-íƇ-
šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ to see, to ask, to join, to learn ·Úåªx êµàŸªa-ÚÁ-è¯-EÚ¨
college Ú¨ îµüŒx-ö¶ë]ª.
Íìo ÷«åõª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè….
Ï÷Fo Ô ô¢«í£Ùö˺ Ñû¦oô³? ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 16 9) Î Î <ô¢-Ú•-û¦õE
To êŸô¦yêŸ 1st Regular Doing Words (see, ask,
Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺Ùë¯?
join, learn) ÷ú£ªh-û¦oô³ ÚÛë¯. Oæ¨E infinitives
10) FÚÛª àŸë]-÷è[Ù Ïù£dÙ M. SURESAN
c) They hope to pass.
ö¶ë¯? (like
ÍÙæ°Ù. (pass Íî¦yõ-E/-Í-÷±-ê¦-÷ªE ÎP-ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.)
ví£øŒo: þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùà í£ë]-Ú•ÙèÁ òÅ°ÞœÙö˺ ô¢î¶ªøÉÂ,
Englishö˺ infinitive ÚÛª à¦ö° vð§÷³ÜuÙ ÑÙC.
î¦è[Ùè…)
d) Kamala expects to get a prize.
Infinitive ÚÛª ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo Ñë¯--ô¢-éõª–
11) Î ÑëÁuޜ٠÷ú£ªhÙë]E ví£Oªõ
✦ to eat
(wšíjâÉÀ ð»Ùë]ª-ê¦-ìE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺ÙC.) ÎPþ¼hÙë¯?(hope, get) î¦è[Ùè…. ì¸ô-øÉÂõ ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Î ôÁV áJ-T-ìë¶.
✒ ô¦óŸªè[Ù, (to write), Aìè[Ù (to eat) etc Íû¶ Ñë]óŸªÙ í£²ô¢h-ô³ì í£ìª-õÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì
✦ to smoke
12) í£±ú£hÚÛÙ Ú•ì-è¯-EÚ¨ Eìo ÓÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ îµü‹x÷±?
í£ìªõìª infinitive êµL-óŸª-â¶-ú£ªhÙC. ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é present perfect tense ö˺
✦ to buy
13) ô¦íÆ£ª-÷Ú¨ àŸë]-î¦-õE ö¶ë]ª.
a) To sit in the class for five hours a day is ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯. Oªô¢ª past tense ö˺ Ïà¦a-
✦ to sell etc. not a joke . Answers:
¸ô-Nªæ¨? Eìo ö¶ë¯ ÞœêŸÙö˺ Óí£±p-èµjû¦ áJ-
Infinitiveìª ÷´è[ª Íô¦n-õêÁ î¦è[ê¦Ù. šíj ú£ÙòÅ°- 1) I want to go.
(Íô³ë]ª ÞœÙåõª Ú¥xúÃö˺ ÚÛ«ôÁa÷è[Ù Tì Nù£-óŸ«-õÚÛª past tense î¦è¯L ÚÛë¯.
ù£-éö˺ Oªô¢ª Þœ÷ª-EÙචÑÙæ°ô¢ª. êŸ÷«ÿ§ Ú¥ë]ª.) 2) She wishes to sing. ÷³ÜuÙÞ¥ bought, didn't you õÚÛª ñë]ª-
3) Every student wants to join the best col- õªÞ¥ have bought, haven't you ö°Ùæ¨
Ð Ú¨ÙC Vocabulary items Oª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺x she bought the same necklace as hers. lege. present perfect Ñí£-óµ«-TÙàŸ ÷àŸªa ÚÛë¯
(êŸì-ÚÛªìo ûµ·Úxúà ö°Ùæ¨ë¶ í£Ú¨\Ùæ°Nè[ Ú•ìoÙ-ë]ªÚÛª 4) I went to the hospital yesterday to see a
– ú‡šï°àÂ. ô¦÷ª-àŸÙ-vë]-÷´Jh, Ú¥Ú¨-û¦è[
î¦è[Ùè… N÷-JÙ-àŸ-Þœ-õô¢ª.
VOCABULARY

1) Ðô¢{u-í£-è[è[Ù– envy ÎÚÛª Íú£«óŸª) patient.


5) Venu goes to Subbarao's everyday to play
áî¦ñª: Past actions, time known ÞœêŸÙö˺ áJ-
she envies her sister. 3) gratitude - (vÞ¥æ¨-å«uèÂ) ÚÛ'êŸ-ácêŸ.
(þ¼ë]J Oªë] Î Ðô¢{u-í£-è[ª-êÁÙC) He has gratitude. chess.
2) jealousy- Íú£«óŸª He has no gratitude. 6) Prem does not like to study this group. TìN Ô çµjîªö˺ Ô ûµõö˺, Ô ôÁV ÍE ÚÛ#aêŸÙÞ¥
jealous - Íú£«-óŸªêÁ ÑÙè[è[Ù 4) grateful - (v·ÞóÀª-æËÀ-íÆ£±öËÀ) ÚÛ'êŸ-ácêŸ ÚÛLTì 7) To walk/walking such a distance is not àµí£p-Þœ-L-Tê¶ Íí£±pè[ª ÷ªìÙ past simple ÷«vêŸî¶ª
ÏêŸ-ô¢ª-õ-ÚÛª-ìoN ÷ªìÚÛª ö¶ì-í£±pè[ª ÷ªìÚÛª ÚÛL¸Þ I am grateful to you for your help. easy. î¦è[ê¦Ù. ÞœêŸÙö˺ áJ-Tì í£E Óí£±pè[ª, Ô ûµõ, Ô
ò°ëÅ]– Ðô¢{u (envy). (Oª ú£ï£„-óŸ«-EÚ¨ ÚÛ'êŸ-Vc-è…E) 8) He did not go to college yesterday to get ôÁV, Ô çµjîªö˺ ÍE àµí£pì-í£±pè[ª (ÍÙêŸÚÛª
÷ªì-ÚÛª-ìoC ÏêŸô¢ªõÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ ÑÙè… ÷ªì vð§÷³ÜuÙ 5) ë¶÷±è… í£åx ÚÛ'êŸ-ác-êŸ-Þœõ – thankful the certificates. ÷³Ùë]ª çµjîª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄ-ìª-þ§-ô¢ÙÞ¥ êµLú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª
êŸT_Ùë]ìª-ÚÛªÙç¶ ÍC Íú£«óŸª (jealousy). I am thankful that I have such parents. 9) Does she want/wish to buy the sari? êŸí£p) present perfect î¦è[ê¦Ù.
10) Don't you like (Do you not like) to study? a) He has brought a car.
A poor man may envy a rich man. (Íö°Ùæ¨ êŸLxë]Ùvè[ª-õª-ìoÙ-ë]ªÚÛª ë¶÷±-è…Ú¨ ÚÛ'êŸ-Vc-è…E)
(ëÅ]ì÷Ù-꟪-è…E àŸ«›úh ›íë] î¦è…Ú¨ Ðô¢{u ÚÛõ-Þœ-÷àŸªa) (grateful - ÷ªEù‡ í£åx ÚÛ'êŸ-ác-êŸ-Þœõ, 11) Does Pramila hope to get that job? (çµjîª êµL-óŸª-â¶óŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª)
12) Where did you go yesterday to buy the b) He bought the car this morning.
She is jealous of her neighbour because thankful - ë¶÷±è… í£åx ÚÛ'êŸ-ácêŸ Þœõ)
(çµjîª àµñªêŸªû¦oÙ)
I Ðû¦è[ª- Þœªô¢ªî¦ô¢Ù 14 Vöµj 2005

Bhaskar: Hi, Bhanu. What are you doing? î¦èµ-ÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ îµüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oè[ª (Ïí£±pè[ª).
(òÅ°ìª ÔÙ à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷±) f) Are you threatening me?
Bhanu: Don't you see? I am preparing for ììªo òµC-J-ú£ªh-û¦oî¦? (Ïí£±pè[ª).
an exam. g) She is not dancing well.
(àŸ«è[è[Ù ö¶ë¯? í£K-¤ÛÚÛª v퇛í-ô¢-÷±-꟪-û¦oìª) Î û¦åuÙ ò°Þ¥ à¶óŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª (Ïí£±pè[ª).
Bhaskar: Oh, are you? Where is your h) Am I troubling you?
brother? û¶ìª Nª÷ªtLo ÏñsÙC šíè[ªêŸª-û¦oû¦?
(Íö°Þ¥, Oª vñë]ô ÓÚÛ\è[?) (Ïí£±pè[ª).
Bhanu: He is getting ready to go to college i) Why aren't they (are they not) coming?
(ÚÛü‹ø‹õÚÛª îµüŒx-è¯-EÚ¨ ú‡ë]lÄ-÷ª-÷±-꟪-û¦oè[ª) î¦ü˜xÙ-ë]ªÚÛª ô¦÷è[Ùö¶ë]ª (Ïí£±pè[ª).
Bhaskar: And What about your parents? j) You are wasting time.
(÷ªJ Oª êŸLx-ë]Ù-vè[ªõ ú£ÙÞœê¶Ùæ¨?) ìª÷±y çµjîª ÷'ëǯ à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷± (Ïí£±pè[ª).
Bhanu: They are watching the T.V. am + ing, is + ing, are + ing verbs ìª Ïí£±pè[ª
(î¦üŒ‰x æ©O àŸ«ú£ªhû¦oô¢ª.) Amala: I think she is going to make tea for b) ÷« ÍÚÛ\ ÷à¶a î¦ô¢Ù ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÷þ¼hÙC.
áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦æ¨E us. I think my brother is watching an
'What about', 'How about' õìª ‘ú£ÙÞœ-ê¶Ùæ¨?’ English ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ practice à¶óŸªÙè…. My sister is coming here next week.
Íû¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª î¦è[ª-꟪Ùæ°Ù. practice à¶óŸªÙè…. English movie. c)
Aruna: óÀª Í÷ªõ! ÔÙ à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷±? î¦üŒ‰x ·ôÙè[ª ÷´è[ª ôÁVö˺x Ú¥ô¢ª Ú•Ùæ°ô¢ª.
a) How about my money? Aruna: No. He is watching a Telugu serial. They are buying a car in two or three days.
Amala: Ð ví£øŒo-õÚÛª áî¦ñªõª ô¦ú£ªh-û¦oìª.
û¦ è[ñªs ú£ÙÞœ-ê¶Ùæ¨? Aruna: û¶ìª Eìªo disturb à¶ú£ªh-û¦oû¦? à¦ö° ÷³Üuiì Nù£óŸªÙ d) ú£ª÷ªÙê ÷à¶a-ûµõ Í-JÚ¥ îµüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oè[ª.
b) What about that book? Amala: Íë¶Ù ö¶ë]ª. TV ììªo disturb à¶þ¼hÙC. 1. am + ing, is + ing, are + ing - Ð verbs Sumanth is leaving for the US next month.
Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ú£ÙÞœ-ê¶Ùæ¨? Aruna: Ó÷ô¢ª àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª? Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª ÷«vêŸî¶ª î¦è[ê¦Ù. (future will, shall
ÚÛª î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Íô³ê¶ çµjîª
c) How about a movie this evening? Amala: Í÷ªt àŸ«þ¼hÙë]ìª-ÚÛªÙæ°. vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£pE, Óí£±pè[« áJ¸Þ í£ìª-õÚÛª, OªÚÛª ÚÛ#aêŸÙÞ¥ êµL-ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª, áJ-¸Þ-í£E ÚÛ#aêŸ-i-ì-í£±pè[ª,

Ïí£±pè[ª... Ð ¤ÛéÙ!!
Ð þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ ú‡E-÷«·ÚüŒë¯÷«? am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing ÓÚÛª\÷ î¦è[ª-꟪Ù-
d) What about the dinner you promised me? æ°ô¢ª.)
û¦Ú¨-þ§h-ììo è…ìoô Nù£óŸªÙ ÔÙ à¶ø‹îËÂ? Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦æ¨E English ö˺ practice à¶óŸªÙè….
šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£éö˺ are doing, am preparing, is a) ÍêŸè[ª ¸ôí£± ÏÚÛ\è[Ú¨ ÷ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª.
getting, are watching - Ð verbs Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. b) ÷³ Íô¢-ÞœÙ-åö˺ ñóŸª-ö¶l-ô¢ª-꟪û¦oÙ.
Oæ¨ ô¢«í£Ù: am + ... ing, is + ... ing, are + ...ing. c) ÷à¶a-î¦ô¢Ù ð§Ú¨-þ§nûË áåªd ÏÚÛ\è[ ·ôÙè[ª ÷«uàÂõª
Ð formö˺ ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo verbs. Îè[ª-꟪ÙC.
am studying / is studying / are studying d) ÷à¶a-î¦ô¢Ù Ó÷ô¢ª ÷ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª?
am walking / is walking / are walking Aruna: Oª brother ÚÛ«è¯ àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛë¯, Regular Doing Words (go, goes, e) è¯ÚÛdôÂE Óí£±pè[ª ÚÛìqöËÀd à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷±?
am singing / is singing / are singing Amala: î¦è[« àŸ«ú£ªhû¦oè¯? come, comes, sing, sings ö°Ùæ¨ verbs) f) ÷à¶a-î¦ô¢Ù û¶ì-ÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ îµüŒxè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. Κíj î¦ô¢Ù
am working / is working / are working Aruna: Í÷±ìª. Oª Í÷ªt Ïí£±pè[ª ÷Ùå-ÞœCÚ¨ îµüŒ‰- ÷«vêŸî¶ª î¦è[ê¦Ù. Every day, very often, fre- îµüŒê¦ìª. (Κíj î¦ô¢Ù = week after the next).
Ð am + ing, is + ing, are + ing verb forms êÁÙC. quent, rarely, never, once, twice, three g) ÷ªÙvA vGèÂbE ¸ôí£± vð§ô¢Ù-GÅ-þ§hô¢ª (inaugura-
(present continuous / present progressive Amala: ÷ªìÚÛª æ© šíåd-è¯-EÚ¨ îµüŒ‰êÁÙ-ë]-ìª-ÚÛªÙæ°. times etc., a day, a week, a month etc. tion).
tense ÍÙæ°ô¢ª) Ïí£±pè[ª Ð ¤ÛéÙö˺ áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo (I think êÁ begin à¶óŸªÙè…) ÷« broth- (ÍÙç¶ regularity E ú£«#Ùච÷«å-õêÁ î¦è[è[Ù h) óŸ´E-÷-Jqæ© í£C ôÁVö˺x íÆ£Lê¦õìª Nè[ª-ë]õ
í£ìª-õìª êµLóŸª-â¶-þ§hô³. er english movie àŸ«ú£ªhû¦oè[ìª-ÚÛªÙæ°. Íìo÷«å.) à¶ú£ªhÙC (Nè[ª-ë]õ = release).
★ 'I' êÁ am + ing, Aruna: Ú¥ë]ª. english movie àŸ«è[è[Ù ö¶ë]ª. 2. am + ing, is + ing, are + ing, çµjîª êµL›úh i) î¦üŒ‰x î¦ô¢Ùö˺ AJT ÷þ§hô¢ª.
★ he, she (Ô ›í·ôjû¦ sin- êµõªÞœª serial àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. j) ¸ôí£± û¶ìª ú‡Ó-îÂªìª ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙæ°.
gular ö˺), it (Ô ÷ú£ªhîµjû¦, Answers:
Answers:
áÙ꟪-îµjû¦– singular ö˺) a) He is coming here tomorrow.
Íô³ê¶ is + ing, Aruna: Hi, Amala, what are you doing?
Amala: I am writing answers to these ques- b) We are starting/leaving in half an hour.
★ plural subjects ÍEo-
æ¨êÁ, you êÁ Íô³ê¶ are + tions. ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 17 c) The Pak team is playing two matches here
next week.
Aruna: Am I disturbing you?
ing ÷þ§hô³. M. SURESAN d) Who is coming next week?
a) I am watching the T.V. Amala: Not at all. ( expression practice
Ð à¶ú‡
Oª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺x î¦è[Ùè…. ‘Íë¶Ù ö¶ë]ª, Ú¥û¶- ÍÙç¶ Ô çµjîª, Ô ôÁV, Ô ûµõ, Ô ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù, e) When are you consulting the doctor?
û¶ìª æ©O àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oìª (Ïí£±pè[ª). ÓEo ôÁVõª, ÓÙêŸ-›úí£± Íû¶ N÷-ô¦õª êµL›úh f) I am not going there next week. I am going
b) My mother is cooking. Ú¥ë]ª, ö¶û¶-ö¶ë]ª ÍE Íô¢nÙ) The TV is dis-
turbing me.
áô¢-Þœ-òËºó¶ª í£ìª-õÚÛ« î¦è[-÷àŸªa. there the week after next.
÷« Í÷ªt ÷Ùå à¶þ¼hÙC (Ïí£±pè[ª). a) û¶ìª ¸ôí£± šïj°ë]-ô¦-ò°ë îµüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oìª g) The minister is inaugurating the bridge
c) Kumar is not studying. Aruna: Who is watching the TV?
Amala: I think my mother is watching the TV
(I am leaving for Hyderabad tomorrow. tomorrow.
ÚÛª÷«ô àŸë]-÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª (Ïí£±pè[ª).
Aruna: Your brother is also watching.
ÏÚÛ\è[ tomorrow ÍE àµí£pè[Ù ÷õx future h) The University is releasing the results in
d) What is your father doing? action ÚÛª î¦è[ª-꟪û¦oÙ. tomorrow ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ ' I
Amala: Is he also watching? ten days.
Oª û¦ìoÞ¥¸ôÙ à¶ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª (Ïí£±pè[ª). am leaving for Hyderabad' ÍÙç¶ Ïí£±pè[ª i) They are returning within a week.
e) Where is he going? Aruna: Yes, but your mother is going into
the kitchen.
îµüŒ‰êŸªû¦o ÍE Íô¢nÙ.) j) I am meeting the CM tomorrow.

ví£øŒo: All India Radio News NÙåª-ìo-í£±pè[ª Ú•Eo ú£Ùë¶-õª ÚÛL-Þ¥ô³. immediate measures are being taken up to provide drink- ÍE ÷«J›úh (said 'are
ÚÛª ñë]ªõª), Íí£±pè[ª
ing water to the residents of Kurnool. being taken up' ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.
Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õšíj û¦ ú£Ùë¶--õìª Bô¢a-Þœ-õô¢ª. Direct speech inverted
1. The Nationalist Congress party headed by Mr. Sarad û¦ ú£Ùë¶---Nª-åÙç¶News reader àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪ìo ú£÷«-à¦ô¢Ù ÖÚÛ Nù£óŸªÙ– ö˺
Indirect Speech. commas îµõª-í£õ ÑÙè¶ verbs- say, tell,
Pawar complained that the congress is not consulting its ÍÙê¦ áJ-T-ð¼-ô³-ìë¶. Ú¥ñæ¨d ÏC
is not consulting was not consult- ask, question ö°Ùæ¨ î¦æ¨E Reporting
constituent parties on important issues. îµ³ë]æ¨ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ñë]ªõª
ing will not support would not verbs ÍÙæ°Ù. Inverted commas ö˺í£õ
2. The BJP president Mr. Venkaiah Naidu has said that BJP ÍE, ·ôÙèÁ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ñë]ªõª
support measures are being taken up ÑÙè¶ verbs ìª Reported verbs ÍÙæ°Ù.
will not support Congress at the centre. ÍE, ÎôÁ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺
measure were being taken up Reporting verbs present tense ö˺ ÑÙç¶
3. However, Miss Umabharati contradicted the rumour that ñë]ªõª ÍE ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯. Íö°
News reader Indirect Indirect speech Reported
ÚÛª ÷«Ja-ì-í£±pè[ª,
she is disobeying the party rules. ÓÙë]ªÚÛª àŸë]-÷-ö¶ë]ª? ÷ªì vÞ¥÷ªôÂ í£±ú£h-Ú¥ö˺x
Speech present continuous past verbs tense ÷«ô¢a-ÚÛ«-è[ë]ª.
4. The PM Vajpayee said only NDA can provide stability to EóŸª-÷«õ ví£Ú¥ô¢Ù ìª
continuous will + present verb would + present verb a) "They play well," says Ram to Rahim.
the country. Þ¥, ìª Þ¥
5. The TDP supremo Chandrababu Naidu said that only ÷«ô¦aL ÚÛë¯! Ú¥F News ö˺ Íö° ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ÷«Ja àŸë]-÷-ö¶ëÁ Íô¢nÙ ÏÚÛ\è[ Quotations ñóŸªå Ñìo reporting
secular parties will play a major role in the elections. Ú¥ö¶ë]ª. ë]óŸª-à¶ú‡ û¦ ú£Ùë¶--õìª Bô¢a-Þœ-õô¢ª. verb 'says' present tense.
Ú¥ñæ¨d
6. The Municipal Commissioner Mr. Raghu Rami reddy said – ìª-÷ªÙ꟪, ví‡óŸ«ÙÚÛ (Þ¥ô¢x-Cûµo) Quotations ö˺í£õ Ñìo reported verb
'play' tense ÷«ô¢a-ÚÛ«-è[ë]ª. DEÚ¨ Indirect
speech-
áî¦ñª: Oªô¢ª ô¦ú‡ì sentences ö˺ îµ³ë]-æ¨C ÚÛd-ô³ì Íô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC. Ð Ú¥ô¢éÙ ÷õx Oªô¢ª ÑÙç¶ 'is disobeying' correct.
Ram says to (tells) Rahim that they play
'...complained that... is not consulting' ô¦ú‡ì Sentence No (2) ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. ÏÚÛ\è[ Sentence 4: '... only NDA could' ÍE well.
reporting verb, 'has said' present perfect ÑÙè¯L. ÏÚÛ\è[ '... only NDA can' êŸí£±p.
ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. OªÚÛª ÷#aì ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù ú£·ôj-ìë¶. Íö°-Ú¥-ÚÛªÙè¯ "They play well," said Ram to
ÏÚÛ\è[ 'is' ñë]ªõª, 'was' ÑÙè¯L. Íô³ê¶ tense will
Ú¥ñæ¨d, ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. Íë¶ '...Naidu said' Sentence 5: '... Naidu said that only sec-
Rahim Íìo sentence ö˺ Reporting verb
complain à¶ú‡-ì-í£±pè¶ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ Î êŸô¦yêŸ ÚÛ«è¯ ÍE vð§ô¢Ù-GÅ›úh Íí£±pè[ª'would' correct. ular parties will play' 'Would play'
êŸí£±p. 'said' past tense. Ïí£±pè[ª quotations ö˺
consult à¶óŸª-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù áô¢ª-ÞœªêŸ« ÑÙç¶ Sentence No. 3: '... contradicted... dis- correct.
obeying'ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. 'was obeying' ÍE Sentence 6: '... Reddy said, ... are being
Ñìo play Íû¶ reported verb ìª past tense
Íí£±pè[ª Óö° Íû¶ ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù ô¦÷àŸªa. ÷«ô¦_Ù- ö˺ڨ êŸí£p-E-ú£-JÞ¥ ÷«ô¦aL. DEÚ¨ Indirect
êŸô¢Ù 'complained' ñë]ªõª 'has com- ÑÙè¯L. ö¶ÚÛð¼ê¶ Uma Bharathi has con- taken up' ú£J-Ú¥ë]ª. 'were being taken up'
speech-
plained' ÍE ô¦›úh, 'is not consulting' êÁ ÚÛ·ô- tradicted
ÍE present perfect tense ö˺ correct. ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ '...Reddy has said'
Ram told Rahim that they played well.
I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 16 Vöµj 2005

Mohan: Hi, Manoj, How are you getting Regular Doing words (1st RDWs- go, walk
along? ö°Ùæ¨ verbs), 2nd Regular Doing Words (2nd
( óÀª ÷ªûËÁâÉÀ, Óö° Ñû¦oîËÂ?) RDWs- goes, walks verbs)
ö°Ùæ¨ vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-
practice
ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙ›í. à¶ú‡ î¦è[Ùè… ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ î¦æ¨Ú¨ î¦è[ê¦Ù. am+ing/ is+ing/
Oª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺x are+ing Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Manoj: Fine. Thank you. How are you? a) I take coffee (take 1st RDW).
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦oìª. ìª÷±y Óö° Ñû¦o÷±?) Regular-
(û¶ìª Ú¥íƈ Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°ìª– ví£A-ôÁV
Mohan: Ok too. I am going to a movie. Why ÍC Íõ-î¦åª)
don't you come along? b) I am taking coffee.
(û¶ìª ú‡E÷«·ÚüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oìª. ìª÷±y ÚÛ«è¯ (am + ing - Ïí£±pè[ª û¶ìª coffee Bú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-
ô¦÷àŸªa ÚÛë¯!) û¦oìª.)
Manoj: Like to. But I am going for a walk now. c) She goes to college at 10 AM.
(goes- 2nd RDW-
÷³Üu ú£«àŸì
Î Ñë]óŸªÙ 10 ÞœÙå-õÚÛª
ÚÛü‹-ø‹-õÚÛª îµüŒ‰êŸªÙC– ôÁW) magazine î¦è[Ùè…) àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦oô¢ª.
d) She is going to college. c) ìªîµyÙ-ë]ªÚÛª çµjîª waste à¶þ§h÷±? Ïí£±p-èµÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Ú•Eo verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing
(is going - is ing - + Ïí£±pè[ª Î ÚÛü‹-ø‹-õÚÛª à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷±? ô¢«í£Ùö˺ î¦è[Ù. am + ing/ are + ing/ is + ing -
îµüŒ‰-êÁÙC.) d) ví£A ôÁV Ð çµjîªڨ ìª÷±y ÓÚÛ\-è…-·Ú-üŒ-ê¦÷±? verb Ð ô¢«í£Ùö˺ Ñìoí£±pè[ª Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo
e) They come here on sundays. ÓÚÛ\è…Ú¨ îµüŒ‰-꟪-û¦o÷±? í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù. Íô³ê¶ Ú•Eo verbs Nù£-óŸªÙö˺
(come - 1st RDW ÏC ví£A ÎC-î¦ô¢Ù – e) Ô ì«uúà ›íí£ô àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦÷±? Ïí£±pè[ª Ô ì«uúà Πverbs ൛íp-í£E Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪û¦o î¦æ¨E
Regular Þ¥ áJ-¸ÞC– ÎC-î¦-ô¦õª î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ›íí£ô àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦o÷±? am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing forms ö˺ î¦è[Ù.
÷þ§hô¢ª.) f) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ô¦vA àŸð§B AÙæ°÷± ÚÛë¯? ÐôÁV ÍÙë]ªÚÛª ñë]ªõª Regular Doing Words (love,
f) They are coming. ÍìoÙ (rice) AÙåª-û¦oî¶Ù? loves, etc.) form ö˺û¶ àµñªê¦Ù.
(are + ing - î¦üŒ‰x Ïí£±pè[ª ÷ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.) g) ÍêŸè[ª ÎC-î¦-ô¦õª všíÆÙèÂqE ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÁè[ª. ÐôÁV am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing from ö˺ î¦è[E
Ð ê¶è¯ English ö˺ à¦ö° ÷³ÜuÙ. Regular ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè[ª.

Ïí£±pè¶ áô¢ªÞœªêŸªû¦o...
actions am + ing, is + ing, are + ing verbs
ÚÛª h) Î Óí£±pè[ª êµõªÞœª ð§åö¶ ð§è[ª-꟪ÙC. Ïí£±pè[ª verbs ÷ªì ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-õìª
(present continuous tense) Óí£±pè[« ô¦÷±. ÷›úh ÷«vêŸÙ ÙD ð§å ð§è[ª-êÁÙC. êµL›í verbs-
ÍC êŸí£±p. i) ÍêŸìª Ú¥íƈ ê¦Þœè[ª. Ïí£±pè[ª ê¦Þœª-꟪-û¦oè[ª 1) like(Ïù£d-í£-è[è[Ù) -am liking, is liking, are lik-
ÖÚÛç¶ Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦L. ('take' î¦è[Ùè…). ing î¦è[Ù. ÏN î¦è¯-Lq-ì-àÁå like, likes
Regular actions ÚÛª Regular Doing Words j) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ÍêŸìª ÎêÁ ÷«æ°x-è[è[ª. Ïí£±pè[ª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
(come, comes, take, takes ö°Ùæ¨N) ÷þ§hô³. ÷«æ°x-è[ª-꟪-û¦oè[ª. Kumar likes that shirt very much ÍÙæ°Ù.
coffee
û¶E-í£±pè[ª æ© Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª ÏÚÛ\è[ Answers: ÍêŸìª Ïù£d-í£-è[è[Ù Ïí£±pèµjû¦ Kumar is liking that
ò°ÞœªÙ-è[ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d. a) He comes punctually (always/usually). He shirt ÍìÙ.
a) Mr. Sen teaches English. 2) dislike (Ïù£dÙ-ö¶-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù)
is coming late only today.
English
(ÎóŸª-ûµ-í£±pè[« ò˺CÅ-þ§hè[ª. ÍÙç¶ They dislike his class.
b) They usually read India Today, but now
English lecturer/teacher
I am taking Coffee ÎóŸªì Íô³-
they are reading some
î¦üŒxÚÛª ÎóŸªì Ú¥xú£ª Ïí£±pè[ª Ïù£dÙ ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ô³û¦
ÑÙ-è¯-L/-Í-÷yàŸªa)
other magazine.
Ïö°¸Þ àµñªê¦Ù. are disliking, is disliking, am
disliking Íìo forms ô¦÷±. ÍN-êŸí£±p. î¦æ¨ ñë]ªõª
This is the time when I go for walk c) Why do you waste
dislike, dislikes ÍE ÍÙæ°Ù.
every day. time? Why are you Ïö°Ùæ¨N ÏÙÚ•Eo verbs, (am + ing, is + ing,
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 18
(ô¦î¦-õû¶ ÑÙC. Ú¥F Ïí£±pè[ª î¦Ú¨Ù-ÞÂÚ¨ wasting time? are + ing) ö˺ î¦è[EN.
îµüŒ‰-꟪û¦o. ôÁW Ð çµjîªڨ û¶ìª î¦Ú¨Ù- d) Where do you go at 3) love - love, loves, (am/ is/ are loving
ÞÂÚ¨ îµüŒê¦) this time every day? ñë]ªõª)
Mohan: Do you walk everyday along this b) Mr. Sen is teaching English Where are you going? 4) hate - hate, hates (am/ is/ are hating
road? English
M. SURESAN
(ÎóŸªì Ïí£±pè[ª àµñª-꟪-û¦oè[ª.) e) What news paper do ñë]ªõª)
(ôÁV Ð ôÁèÂ-ö˺û¶ î¦Ú¨ÙÞ à¶þ§hî¦?) Ð ê¶è¯ English ö˺ à¦ö° ÷³ÜuÙ. you read? What news paper are you read- 5) hope - hope, hopes (am/ is/ are hoping
Manoj: No. Usually I walk along the college c) Dogs bark.
ing? ñë]ªõª)
road, but now I am walking along (ÚÛªÚÛ\õª Óí£±pè[« îµ³ô¢ª-Þœª-ê¦ô³– ÍC î¦æ¨ 6) want - want, wants (am/ is/ are wanting
f) You usually take chapathis at night. Why
this road because that road is under ûµjáÙ.) are you taking rice (now)? ñë]ªõª)
repair. d) Dogs are barking. 7) wish - wish, wishes (am/ is/ are wishing
g) He does not meet his friends on sundays,
(Ú¥ë]ª. þ§ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ û¶ìª ÚÛü‹-ø‹õ (ÚÛªÚÛ\õª Ïí£±pè[ª îµ³ô¢ª-Þœª-꟪-û¦oô³– Ú•êŸh-î¦üÉÁx, ñë]ªõª)
but he is meeting them today.
ôÁèÂö˺ îµüŒ-ê¦ìª. Î ôÁèÂÚ¨ ÷ªô¢-÷ªt-꟪õª ë•ÙÞœö˺ ÷#a ÑÙè¯L) 8) desire - desire, desires (am/ is/ are desir-
Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª English ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ prac- h) She always sings Telugu songs, but she is
à¶ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.) ing ñë]ªõª)
Mohan: So long (ÍÙç¶ bye ö°Þ¥ OèÁ\õª tice à¶óŸªÙè…. now singing a Hindi song.
9) envy - envy, envies(am/ is/ are envying
÷«å) see you. (÷ªSx ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù) a) ÎóŸªì Óí£±pè[« punctual Þ¥ ÷þ§hè[ª. Ð ôÁV i) He doesn't take (does not take) coffee. He ñë]ªõª)
Manoj: Bye (òµj) ÷«vêŸÙ Ú¥ú£h Îõ-ú£uÙÞ¥ ÷ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. is taking it now. 10) feel (Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x) feel, feels, (am/ is/
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ am going, go; walk, am b) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ î¦üŒ‰x ÏÙè…-óŸ«-åªè¶ àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ô¢ª. j) He doesn't (does not) usually talk to her, are feelingñë]ªõª).
walking ê¶è¯õª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. ÷ªìÚÛª êµõªú£ª – 1st Ð ôÁV ÷«vêŸÙ ÏÙÚÁ ÷«uÞœ-@ûË (some other but he is talking to her.

ví£øŒo: ÍêŸìª Eìo ÷#a ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª– Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ He when I ask him ÍE àµí£p-÷à¦a?Î AE Íì-÷àŸªa. Íô³ê¶ had áî¦ñª: 'since' ìª 'as' ñë]ªõª î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Ð
She had not come
was not come yesterday Íì-÷à¦a? ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª. Î ÷#a ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª (û¶ìª Íû¶ had + pp forms ·ôÙæ¨Ù-è…Ú© êÁè[ª because ÚÛ«è¯ î¦è[-÷àŸªa.
eaten, had come
û¶ìª îµRx-ì-í£±pè[ª ÍêŸìª ÏÙæ¨ ÷ë]l ö¶ÚÛªÙ- àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª). î¦è¶åí£±pè[ª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo â°vÞœêŸhÞ¥ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-à¦L. ÷´è…Ù-æ¨Ú¨ Ð ú£Ùë]-ô¢sÄÙö˺ ‘ÍÙë]ª÷-õx/ -ÓÙ-ë]ª-
èµìª– Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ He was not at ÍêŸìª Î í£E í£²Jh à¶ú‡ ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª (û¶ìª When I went for him, he was not at ÚÛÙ綒 ÍE Íô¢nÙ.
home, when I went for him ÍE îµRx-ì-í£±pè[ª). home- ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Íô³ê¶ He was not complet- ví£øŒo: How long- ÍÙç¶ ÓÙêŸ-›úí£±, How far-
ÍÙæ°Ù. Íö°¸Þ û¶ìª Íè…-T-ì-í£±pè[ª ÍêŸè[ª Ïö°Ùæ¨ òÅ°î¦-õìª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ Óö° ed the work Íìo sentence ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. ÍÙç¶ ÓÙêŸ ë]«ô¢Ù ö°Þ¥û¶ ÖÚÛ ÷uÚ¨h
í£EE í£²Jh à¶ú‡ ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª– ÍE àµí£p-è¯-EÚ¨ àµð§pL. ë¯EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ ö¶ë]ª. He had not completed ÓûËÁo î¦è[ª Íû¶ Íô¢nÙ ÷à¶a-ö°Þ¥ Óö°
He was not completed the work yet – ÓúÃ. ë¯ì-Ú¨-øÉÁôÂ, ÚÛô¢«oõª
Íû¦L. Íö°¸Þ She had not completed ô¦óŸ«L?
Íû¦L. êŸô¦yêŸ î¦uþ§ö˺x DE ÞœªJÙ# ÷ªJÙêŸ Ñë¯: òÅ°ô¢-êŸ-ë¶øŒ ví£ëůì ÷ªÙv꟪ö˺x
áî¦ñª: He was not come yesterday ÚÛ·ô-ÚÂd come Íû¦L. N÷-ô¢é ÑÙåªÙC. ÷ªûËÁt--ûËÂ-ú‡ÙÞ ÓûËÁo-î¦è[ª?
'be' forms (am, is ,
Ú¥ë]ª. ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Óí£±pè[« Î AE ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª, Î ÷#a ÑÙè[ö¶ë]ª ví£øŒo: Leave letter ô¦›ú-å-í£±pè[ª As I am – è…. ÚÛª÷«-ô¢-þ§yNª, ìõx-Þ•Ùè[
are , was, were, etc.) come, suffering from fever î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ as Ú¨
áî¦ñª: Ð ví£øŒoÚÛª ú£·ôjì î¦ÚÛuÙ ÍÙ綖
êŸô¦yêŸ (û¶ìª àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª).
go,ö°Ùæ¨1st Regular Doing Words ô¦÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ û¶ìª àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª When I looked ñë]ªõª since î¦è[-÷à¦a? ÓûËÁo Íìo ví£øŒoÚÛª ú£·ôjì ÷«å English ö˺
Ú¥ñæ¨dHe was not come He did not
êŸí£±p. for him/her Íìª-ÚÛªÙç¶ She had not eaten;
– ÚÛOÙ-ë]ôÂ, ÷ªè…-Ú•Ùè[, ÷ô¢Ù-ÞœöËÀ ö¶ë]ª.
I Ðû¦è[ª- þ¼÷ªî¦ô¢Ù 18 Vöµj 2005

Durga: Look at Leela's dress. Isn't it (= Is it ô¦sÄö˺x feel, (feel ÍÙç¶ × Íìª-òÅ¡«-AE, ú£pô¢zìª
not) really wonderful? êµLóŸª-â¶-ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª) prefer -
(Mõ vèµúÃ àŸ«è[ª, à¦ö° ò°ÞœªÙC ÚÛë¯!) Oæ¨ûµí£±pè[« ÷ªìÙ am + ing, is + ing, are + ing
Valli: Ok I like it really. In fact, I wish now to ö˺ î¦è[Ù Íû¶ Nù£óŸªÙ ÚÛ#aêŸÙÞ¥ Þœªô¢ªh-ší-åªd-ÚÁ-î¦L.
buy one such dress for myself. a) Î ÍêŸè…E v›íNª-þ¼hÙC.
(û¦ÚÛª à¦ö° ì#aÙC. Ïí£±pè¶ Íö°Ùæ¨ She loves him.
vèµúà ڕû¶óŸ«õE ÑÙC.) (She is loving him Ú¥ë]ª. v›íNªÙ-àŸè[Ù Ïí£±pè[ª
Durga: Renuka too likes it. I desire one like áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪û¦o ú£¸ô.)
that too. I feel like buying it, but I b) î¦üŒ‰x ð§ú£-÷±-ê¦-÷ªE ÎP-ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.
haven't (= do not have) the money. They hope to pass.
(¸ôéªÚÛ ÚÛ«è¯ Î vèµúà ÍÙç¶ Ïù£d-í£-è[ª- (They are hoping to pass Ú¥ë]ª. î¦üŒ‰x
êÁÙC. û¦ÚÛ« Ú•û¦-õE ÑÙC. Ïí£±pè¶ Ú•û¶- ÎPÙàŸè[Ù Ïí£±pè¶ Íô³û¦)
óŸ«-õEí‡þ¼hÙC. Ú¥F è[ñªs ö¶ë]ª.) feel šíj list ö˺ NªÞœê¦ verbs ÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ Ïë¶ rule.
like +...ing = Ôëµjû¦ à¶óŸ«-õ-E-í‡Ù-àŸè[Ù. Actions of the mind (Îö˺-àŸ-ì-õÚÛª, ñªClÄÚ¨ ú£ÙñÙ- ÷àŸªa. Am/ is/ are + knowing î¦è[Ù. Íö°¸Þ sale = Í÷ªtÚÛÙ
feel like going to bed = Evë] ð¼î¦õEí‡- CÅÙ-#ì àŸô¢uõìª) êµL›í verbs ÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ am + am/ is/ are understanding Óí£±pè[« ô¦ë]ª. bargain = ò¶ô¢Ù, ò¶ô¢Ù à¶óŸªè[Ù
þ¼hÙC) ing, is + ing, are + ing form ö¶ë]ª. ÍN– Ïö°¸Þ NªÞœ-ê¦-î¦æ¨ Nù£-óŸªÙö˺. (A good bargain, a bad bargain best bargain
Valli: I really envy Leela for the dress. 1) know = êµL-óŸªè[Ù am + ing, is + ing, are + ing forms ö˺ î¦è[E etc.)
(û¦ÚÛª Mõ vèµúà ÍÙç¶ Ðô¢{uÞ¥ ÑÙC. 2) understand = Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo verbs Ñû¦oô³. ÍN êµõª-ú£ª-Ú•û¶ ÷³Ùë]ª, good/ bad at bargaining = ò°Þ¥ ò¶ô¢Ù
Envy = Ðô¢{u/-Ðô¢{u í£è[è[Ù) 3) remember = â°cí£ÚÛÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª English ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ practice à¶óŸªÞœõÞœè[Ù/ ò°Þ¥ ò¶ô¢Ù à¶óŸªö¶ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù
4) forget = ÷ªô¢-#-ð¼-÷è[Ù bargain- pronunciation – ò°ÞœûËÂ)
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ like, wish, desire, have, à¶óŸªÙè….
envy, feel - Ð verbs ÍFo Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo 5) decide = Eô¢g-ô³Ù-àŸè[Ù 1. ÍêŸìª ð§ôȦEo àŸÚÛ\Þ¥ Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè[ª.
Nù£óŸ«õû¶ àµñªêŸª-û¦oô³. Ïí£±pè[ª áJ¸Þ Nù£-óŸ«- 6) doubt = ú£Ùë¶-Ù-àŸè[Ù 2. î¦è… ÞœªJÙ# î¦è[ª Ô÷ªìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè[ª? (think
õìª êµL›í verbs Óí£±pè[« am + ing, is + ing, 7) think = Îö˺-#Ù-àŸè[Ù î¦è[Ùè…)
3. ìª÷±y Ð ·ôþ§d-·ôÙæËÀö˺ Ú¥íƈ Ïù£dí£è[ªêŸª-û¦oî¦?

ÍEoàÁæ°x ô¦ë]ª!!
are + ing form (present continuous) ö˺ ÑÙè¯- 8) suppose = Íìª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù
õE êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ. Íô³-ì-í£p-æ¨Ú© šíj ú£ÙòÅ°ù£é-ö˺E 9) believe = ì÷ªtè[Ù 4. ÍêŸè… ›íô¢ª û¦ÚÛª Þœªô¢ªh ô¦÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª. (remem-

ing
verbs- like, wish ö°Ùæ¨N ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª, òÅ°î¦õÚÛª 10) imagine = ÒÙ-àŸè[Ù (à¦ö°-÷ª-åªÚÛª
am/ is/ are ber) î¦è[Ùè….
ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì verbs ö˺ Ú•Eo Ú¥ñæ¨d, Íö°Ùæ¨
5. ÔÙæ¨ö° ÍEo Nù£óŸ«õª ÷ªJað¼êŸªû¦o÷±?
ô¦ë]ª)
verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÍÙç¶ Ð verbs ö˺ ë¶Fo am + ing, is + ing, are
+ ing form (why êÁ vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ-àŸÙè…)
î¦è[Ù. Íö°Ùæ¨ ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x Regular Doing
6. ÍêŸ-è…E ìª÷±y ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Íìª-÷«-E-ú£ªh-û¦o÷±?
ö˺ î¦è[Ù.
Words (like, likes, wish, wishes, desire,
7. û¦ÚÛª ÏÚÛ\è[ àŸë]-î¦-õEí‡ÙàŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. (feel like
î¦üŒ‰x û¦ ÷«åõª Íô¢lÄÙ à¶ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª.
desires, envy, envies) Þ¥û¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ïö°Ùæ¨ They understand my words. (They are under-
standing my words = ÍE-í‡Ù-àŸè[Ù)
verbs
8. î¦è[ª ììªo ú£JÞ¥ Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª.
÷ªJ-Ú•Eo– Ú¥ë]ª)
dislike, love, hate, hope, want, appreciate am/ is/ are understanding
9. Î Ïí£±pè[ª ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ îµü‹xõE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺Ùë¯?
ô¦ë]ª.
admire
(J{Ù-àŸè[Ù), (îµªàŸªaÚÁ÷è[Ù) Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]- ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ ÏÙÚ¥ û¦ ›íô¢ª Þœªô¢ªhÙC.
He still remembers my name. (He is still (think î¦è[Ùè…).
remembering my name 10. ÍêŸ-ìÙ-ë]-J-ÚÛÙç¶ Þ•í£pî¦è…E Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè¯?
(suppose Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ-àŸÙè….)
11. F ví£÷-ô¢hì ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ ìàŸaè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. (dislike
ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯)
Íö°¸Þ šíj list ö˺ Ñìo
NªÞœê¦ verbs ìª ÚÛ«è¯ am î¦è[Ùè….)
+ ing, is + ing, are + ing 12. û¦ ÷«åõª ìª÷±y ì÷ªtè[Ù ö¶ë¯? (believe/
form doubt) î¦è[Ùè…)
13. ìª÷±y æ© ÚÛû¦o Ú¥íƈû¶ ÓÙë]ªÚ¨ù£dí£-è[ª-꟪-û¦o÷±?
ö˺ î¦è[Ù.
ví£øŒo: Simple present tense ö˺
a) û¦ Qö°û¶o ú£Ùë¶--ú£ªh-
noun í£ÚÛ\ì (prefer î¦è[Ùè…)
14. FÚÛª F í£Jú‡nA êµLóŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª (know Ñí£-óµ«-
û¦oî¦?
verb ÚÛª s ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯. DEo English ö˺ Óö°
Ñë¯: Rama sells mangoes. M. SURESAN TÙ-àŸÙè….)
15. Ïô¦-Ú©õª Í-J-ÚÛ-ìxìª ë¶yù‡-ú£ªh-û¦oô¦?
àµñªê¦Ù? ÏÚÛ\è[
God bless you ÍÙæ°ô¢ª, God blesses 'doubt' î¦è¯L ÚÛë¯. am doubting/ is
you Íû¦L ÚÛë¯! doubting/ are doubting 'doubt' Answers:
– û¦÷« ú£ÙêÁ-ùÃ-ö°öËÀ,
ÍìÙ.
question do
Íè[y-¸ÚæËÀ, Ná-óŸª-î¦è[ 1. He understands the lesson well.
ö˺ î¦è¯L. ÍÙç¶ ô¦î¦L. Ú¥ñæ¨d
sentence- 2. What does he think of himself? ( is think-
áî¦ñª: simple present ö˺ verb ÚÛª 's' à¶ô¦aL. ing ô¦ë]ª ÚÛë¯!)
ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Íô³ê¶ "God bless you" Íû¶ sentence 3. Do you like (are you liking the coffee
ÍìÙ)
statement Ú¥ë]ª. ÍC 'May God bless you' Íû¶ in this restaurant?
Dîµì. Íö° DNÙ-à¶-å-í£±pè[ª 'May God bless you'
ö˺ 'May' ÷C-ö¶ú‡ 'God bless you' ÍÙåªÙæ°Ù. ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 19 4. I don't (= do not) remember (am not +
remembering his name.
êŸí£±p) Look at Leela's dress.
ÍÙë]ª-÷õx ÏÚÛ\è[ 'blesses' ô¦ë]ª. 5. Why do you forget (are you forgetting Ú¥ë]ª) Isn't it really wonderful?
ví£øŒo: Not bad ÍÙç¶ very good ÍE àŸCî¦Ù. Do you doubt my character ?
(Are you doubting my character
things like this?
purchase = Ú•ìè[Ù
Oªô¢ª not bad ÍÙç¶ í£ô¢-î¦-ö¶ë]ª ÍE Ú¥ë]ª.) 6. Why do you doubt him?
b) OªÚÛª ÙD êµõªþ§? 7. I do not feel like studying here.
(Ð Íô¢nÙêÁ purchase Íìè[Ù ÚÛû¦o 'buy' Íìè[Ù
ô¦ø‹ô¢ª. Ð ·ôÙè…Ù-æ¨ö˺ ÔC ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Do you know Hindi? (Are you knowing ú£ï£°-áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC).
– è….ÎôÂ., áT-ê¦uõ 8. He does not understand me properly.
9. Does she think of going home now?
purchase = Ú•ìo ÷ú£ªh÷±
áî¦ñª: 'Not bad' ÍÙç¶ í£ô¢î¦-ö¶ë]ª ÍE Íô¢nÙ
Ú¥ë]ª.)
c) My important purchase this week is the TV.
î¦è[ª ììoô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª. 10. Does he suppose that he is the greatest
Ú¥ë]ª. Very good Íû¶. He is not understanding me TV)
(Ð î¦ô¢Ù û¶ìª Ú•ìo ÷³Üu-iì ÷ú£ªh÷±
ÍìÚÛ«-è[ë]ª. of all?
ví£øŒo: The E Óö° ÑàŸa-JÙ-à¦L. à¦ö° ÷ªÙC ‘ë]’ am/ is/ are + understanding
ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙç¶ 11. He doesn't (= does not) like your behav-
return = Ú•ìo ÷ú£ªh÷± AJT Ï÷yè[Ù
exchange =
ÍE í£õª-ÚÛª-ê¦ô¢ª. ‘C’ Íì-ÚÛ«-è[ë¯? English He does
Ú¥ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d. ÷ª¸ô-÷ªÙæ°Ù? iour.
Ú•ìo ÷ú£ªh÷± ÿ§íÃö˺ ÷«ô¢ªa-ÚÁ÷è[Ù
replace =
– ·Ú.N. ô¢÷ªé, áóŸª-í£±ô¢Ù, ÖJþ§q not understand (= understand + not) me. 12. Don't you (Do you not/ Do not you)
Ú•ìo ÷ú£ªh-÷±ö˺ ëÁù£Ù ÑÙç¶ ë¯EÚ¨
d)
áî¦ñª: ÏÙêŸÚÛª÷³Ùë]ª DE ÞœªJÙ# WûË 16ì
ìªî¶y-÷ª-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±? believe my words/ Do you doubt my
ñë]ªõª ÿ§í£± î¦üŒ‰x ÏÙÚ•-ÚÛæ¨ ÷ªìÚÛª
What do you think? words?
Ï÷yè[Ù
ví£àŸª-JÙ-#ì ÷´èÁ òÅ°ÞœÙö˺ N÷JÙà¦Ù. Í, Î, Ï, (What are you thinking refund = ÿ§í£± î¦üŒ‰x è[ñªs î¦í£úà Ï÷yè[Ù
ÍìÙ.) 13. Why do you prefer coffee to tea? (prefer
durable = (÷ú£ªh-÷±ÚÛª) ÷ªEoÚÛ Ñìo, ÷ªEo-ÚÛ-Þœõ
÷³Üu Nù£óŸªÙ
Ð, Ñ, Ò, Ó, Ô, Õ, Ö, ×, Ø– Ð êµõªÞœª êŸô¦yêŸ 'to' ÷ú£ªhÙC).
øŒò°lõêÁ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Íó¶ªu English ÷«åõ allow a discount = êŸT_Ù# Í÷ªtè[Ù;
14. You do not know your position.
÷³Ùë]ª 'the' E ‘C’ Þ¥ í£õª-ÚÛªê¦Ù. NªÞœê¦ ÷«åõ verbs liking, loving, expensive = ÜKëµjì
šíjì àµí‡pì Nù£-óŸªÙö˺ 15. Do Iraquis hate Americans?
÷³Ùë]ª ‘ë]’ ÍÙæ°Ù. thinking, understanding etc. 'ing' forms cheap = à½ÚÛ Íô³ì
The (C) apple, ant, egg, air, owl, umbrel-
ìª VOCABULARY moderate (price) = ú£ô¢-ú£-iì (ëÅ]ô¢)
ÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì ÷«åõª:
ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo ñæ¨d î¦è[-÷àŸªa.
cost = ÜKë]ª, ÜK-ë]-÷è[Ù
la etc.
The (ë]) tree, book, shop, college etc. î¦è[-ÚÛ«-è[-EC: Ð 'ing' forms ÷³Ùë]ª, am, is, Shopping

are à¶ô¢aè[Ù. knowing - ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo ñæ¨d î¦è[- buy, sell êµL-ú‡ì ÷«åö¶.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 20 Vöµj 2005

Ravi: Hi Pavan, what do I see in that glass belongs, comprises, needs, seems, consists
there? It appears to be some juice. of, live - Oæ¨E- ÚÛ«è¯ ÏÙêŸÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª ÷ªìÙ
(í£÷ûË ΠޥxúÃö˺ ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-ìo-ë¶-Nªæ¨? ÔëÁ àŸ«ú‡ì verbs am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing
ö°Þ¥
WuúÃö° ÑÙC.) form ö˺ î¦è[Ù (ÍN êµLóŸª-⶛ú í£ìªõª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪-
Pavan: Yea. The glass contains fresh lemon ìoC Ïí£±pèµjû¦). šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é ÷ªôÁ-þ§J vøŒë]lÄÞ¥
juice. practice à¶óŸªÙè….
(Í÷±ìª ÍÙë]ªö˺ ê¦â° E÷ªt-ô¢ú£Ù ÑÙC.)
contain = ÖÚÛ ë¯ûËÁx Ôëµjû¦ ÑÙè[è[Ù
ÔÙ êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ?
the jug contains milk = Î áÞÂö˺ ð§õª Ñû¦oô³ ★ ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-õìª êµLóŸª-⶛ú
Ravi: A new bike is parked outside. Whose verbs (verbs expressing feelings and
is it? emotions).
(ñóŸªå × Ú•êŸh òµjÚ ð§ôÂ\ à¶ú‡ ÑÙC. ★ ÷ªì ñªClÄÚ¨, Îö˺-àŸ-ì-õÚÛª ú£ñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«õª
Ó÷-J-ë]C?) êµL›í verbs (verbs expressing actions of
Pavan: It belongs to Mahesh. He bought it the mind) Óí£±pè[« am + ing, is + ing, are + ÏÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛª ÷´è[ª-ô¢-Ú¥õ verbs, am + ing/ is + Answers:
the day before. ing forms ö˺ ô¦÷±. î¦æ¨E Íö° î¦è¯-Lq-ì- ing/ are + ing ö˺ î¦è[-EN àŸ«ø‹Ù. ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo 1) Every one likes that movie (is liking Ú¥ë]ª).
verbs ÚÛ«è¯ Ñû¦oô³. ÍN- êµ-õª-ú£ª-Ú•û¶ ÷³Ùë]ª Ð 2) He does not like these classes (is not lik-
(ÍC ÷ª›ï°-ùÃC. Eìo-Ú•-û¦oè[ª.) í£±pè[ª, Regular Doing Words (like, likes,
Belong = àµÙë]è[Ù Ú¨ÙC sentences ìª english ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ practice ing
think, thinks) form ö˺û¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Ú¥ë]ª).
3) Does she love him?
The house belongs to my uncle. ★ ·ôÙè[ª ô¢Ú¥õ verbs êÁ ð§åª šíjì àµí‡pì verbs à¶óŸªÙè….
(appear, belong, comprise, consist of, 1) ví£A-î¦üŒŠx Î ú‡E-÷«ìª Ïù£d-í£-è[ª-꟪-û¦oô¢ª. I don't (do not) know that. But he loves
2) î¦è…Ú¨ Ð Ú¥xú£ªõÙç¶ Ïù£dÙ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë]ª (dis-
Î Ïõªx ÷« ÷«÷ª-óŸªuC (ÎóŸª-ìÚÛª àµÙCÙC).
her.
Ravi: What's that fat book on the table? contain, live, need, seem) am + ing/
ÚÛ«è¯
like î¦è[Ùè…). Does she know that?
is + ing/ are + ing form
3) ÍêŸè…E Î v›íNª-þ¼hÙë¯?
(Î ç¶ñªöËÀ Oªë] Ñìo Î šíë]l í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ö˺ ô¦÷±. Íö° Who knows?
ÔNªæ¨?) î¦è¯Lq ÷#a-ì-í£±pè[ª Regular Doing Words
4) What do you say?/ What are you saying?

... Íö° ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯ !


Þ¥û¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ð Ú¨ÙC sentences ö˺ î¦æ¨ ÍC û¦ÚÛª êµLóŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. ÍêŸè[ª ÷«vêŸÙ
Why don't you (do you not) understand
î¦è[Ú¥Eo Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. 'not' question
Ú¥F, Îîµªìª v›íNª-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª.
me?
Ú¥F Íô³ê¶ do, does ÷þ§h-óŸªE êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? ÎÚÛª Î Nù£óŸªÙ êµõªþ§?

I understand you well. Do I appear (to be)


1) Ó÷-JÚ¨ êµõªú£ª?
4) ÔÙ àµñªêŸª-û¦oîË ìª÷±y?
î¦è[ª ÷ªÙ#î¦è…ö° ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. a fool to you?'
He appears (is appearing Ú¥ë]ª) to be a
You don't (do not) seem to understand my
good fellow. ìª÷±y ìûµoÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª?
point.
2) Ð GLfÙÞÂq î¦üŒx-N- Ú¥÷± (= î¦üŒxÚÛª àµÙC-ìN û¶ìª Eìªo ò°Þ¥û¶ Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o. û¶ìª Why do you think so?
Ú¥÷±). FÚÛª íÆ£²öËÀ-ö°Þ¥ ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh- I feel so.
These buildings do not belong to them û¦oû¦? (appear
You misunderstand me. I am listening to
(are not belonging to them Ú¥ë]ª). î¦è[Ùè…). you carefully. Do you doubt my respect for
3) Î Þ¥xúÃö˺ Ô÷³ÙC? ìª÷±y û¦ ð§ô³ÙæËÀ Íô¢nÙ you?
By the way, where does Ganesh live? What does the glass contain? (What is à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-ìoåªx ÚÛEí‡Ù- 5) Where do they live?
the glass containing ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯?) àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª (seem They live near the townhall.
Pavan: It contains a lot of information about 4) î¦è[Ùè…). Don't they (do they not) live near your
ò°öËÀ-ší-ûËÂö˺ Ô÷³Ù-åªÙC?
the latest versions in computers. It Íö°Þœ ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª- place?
comprises ten chapters. û¦o÷±? (think...so M. SURESAN They moved long ago.
(ÚÛÙí£²u-å-ôÂqÚ¨ ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì ê¦â° îµô¢{ìx î¦è[Ùè…. so= Íö°Þœ) Do they own the house?/ Does the house
û¦ÚÛö° ÍEí‡-þ¼hÙC (feel î¦è[Ùè…)
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 20
belong to them?
Íê¦u-ëÅ]ª-EÚÛ ú£÷«-à¦ô¢Ù ÍÙë]ªö˺ ÑÙC.
ÍÙë]ªö˺ í£C Íëůu-óŸ«õª Ñû¦oô³.) ìª÷±y ììªo Íð§ô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±. F (am/ is/ are owning Ú¥ë]ª).
comprises = include = à¶J ÑÙè[è[Ù ÷«åõª û¶ìª vøŒë]lÄÞ¥ NÙåª-û¦oìª (Íð§ô¢nÙ= 6) I want/ need some money.
Ravi: Coming to the bike, does Mahesh misunderstand). F Oªë] û¦ Þ½ô¢-î¦Eo øŒÙÚ¨-
How much do you need?
really need a bike now? He does not What does a ball pen consist of? (What is ú£ªh-û¦oî¦? (doubt....my respect for you I need at at least a thousand rupees.
go about much. a ball pen consisting of î¦è[Ùè…).
5) î¦üŒ‰x ÓÚÛ\è[ªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª? (live î¦è[Ùè…). Why do you need such a big amount/ so
ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯).
( òµjÚ Nù£-óŸ«-E-Ú•ë¯lÙ. ÷ª›ï°-ùÃ-Ú¨-í£±pè[ª òµjÚ 5) Î ÚÛNª-æ©ö˺ ìõªÞœªô¢ª ú£òÅ¡ªu-õª-û¦oô¢ª. much/ such a big sum/ that kind of
EáÙÞ¥ Í÷-ú£-ô¢÷«? ÓÚÛª\÷ Aô¢-Þœ-è[ª- The committee comprises four mem- î¦üŒ‰x æ®ûËÂöËÀ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÑÙæ°ô¢ª (live î¦è[Ùè…). money?
Þœë¯?) bers/Four members comprise the commit- î¦üŒ‰x Oª ÏÙæ¨ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë¯? Do you want to give or not?
Pavan: Yes, he needs it very much now. He tee. (The committee is comprising...; Four î¦ü˜x-í£±pèÁ ÍÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÷«J-ð¼-óŸ«ô¢ª (Óí£±pèÁ= I don't want to give/ feel like giving such a
has a new job. Marketing. He has to members are comprising... long ago, Ïõªx ÷«ô¢è[Ù= move).
ÍìÙ. êµõª-ú£ª- big amount.
move about a lot. ÚÛë¯?) Ïí£±p-è[ªìo Ïõªx î¦üŒx-ë¶û¦? (ÍÙç¶ þ»ÙêŸ÷«? 7) When did you buy the book?
6) ÍêŸìª ÓÚÛ\è[ ÑÙæ°è[ª? (E÷-ú‡-þ§hè[ª Íû¶ Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ–own/ belong î¦è[Ùè…). No, I didn't (did not) buy it. I borrowed it
6) û¦ÚÛª Ú•ÙêŸ è[ñªs-Ú¥-î¦L (need/want î¦è[Ùè…).
(Ïí£±pè[ª ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ òµjÚ à¦ö° Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù.
÷«·ô\-æ¨Ù-ÞÂö˺ Ú•êŸh ÑëÁuޜ٠÷#aÙC. Íô¢nÙêÁ). from Mahesh yesterday.
à¦ö° Aô¢-Þ¥Lq ÑÙåªÙC.) Where does he live? (Where is he living ÓÙêŸ Ú¥î¦L? (How much êÁ vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ- Are you reading it (now)?
Ravi: The bike seems very stylish, doesn't Ú¥ë]ª). àŸÙè…). Why are you asking that question?
it? 7) î¦Rxí£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙåª-û¦oô¢ª (E÷-ú‡-ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª). ÚÛFú£Ù îµô³u ô¢«ð§-óŸªõª Ú¥î¦L. (í£²Jh î¦ÚÛuÙ I want to read it.
( òµjÚ à¦ö° ÎÚÛ-ô¢{-é©-óŸªÙÞ¥ ÑÙC ÚÛë¯!) They live here (They are living here Ú¥ë]ª). àµí£pÙè…). But I don't want to give/ lend it to you.
Pavan: It comes with a package. The pack- 8) î¦Rx-í£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë]ª. ÍÙêµÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Ú¥î¦L FÚÛª? Why do you feel so/ think so?
age consists of a CD Player and a They do not live here any more (They are FÚ¨-î¦y-õE ÑÙë¯, ö¶ë¯? (want î¦è[Ùè…). Because you don't give books to me.
set of CDs. not living ÍìÙ). ÍÙêŸ šíë]l-îµ³êŸhÙ û¦Ú¨-î¦y-õE ö¶ë]ª. (ÍÙêŸ šíë]l
(Î òµjÚ ڕÙç¶ ÖÚÛ ð§u¸ÚâÉÀ ÷ú£ªhÙC. 9) û¦ÚÛª Ïí£±pè[ª F ú£ï£„óŸªÙ Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù. îµ³êŸhÙ– such a big amount/ sum/ that kind
I need your help now (am needing of money).
7) Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ Óí£±pè[ª Ú•û¦o÷±?
ÍÙë]ªö˺ ÖÚÛ ú‡è… ›íxóŸªôÂ, Ú•Eo úˆè†õª Ú¥ë]ª).
ÑÙæ°ô³.) 10) î¦üŒx-Ú¨í£±pè[ª ÏC Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª.
consists of = ÚÛL-T-ÑÙ-è[è[Ù They do not need it now (They are not Ú•ì-ö¶ë]ª. Eìo ÷ª›ï°ùà ë]Þœ_ô¢ ìªÙ# êµàŸªa-
The fan consists of three blades and a motor. needing Ú¥ë]ª). ÚÛªû¦oìª (í£±ú£hÚÛÙ, è[ñªs, ÏÙÚ•-ÚÛJ ë]Þœ_ô¢ êµàŸªa-
(ðƧuûËÂÚÛª ÷´è[ª ò¶xèÂõª, ÖÚÛ îµ«æ°ô ÑÙæ°ô³.) 11) ÍC ÎÚÛª Ïí£±pè[ª ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù? ÚÁåÙ– borrow from).
Ravi: By the way, where does Ganesh live? Why does she need it now? (Why is she ìªNy-í£±pè[ª ë¯Eo àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦oî¦? ví£øŒo: ÖÚÛ ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ He wants to talk you,
(÷ªJ Þœé¶ùà ÓÚÛ\è[ ÑÙæ°è[ª?) needing it Ú¥ë]ª). ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Íè[ªÞœªêŸªû¦o÷± Î ví£øŒo? Sir. ÍE àŸC-î¦ìª. Ú¥F He wants to
(By the way - Ð ÷«åìª topic ÷«ô¢a-è¯-EÚ¨ 12) î¦è[ª ë]ªô¦t-ô¢ª_-è…ö° ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. talk to you, Sir ÍE ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯!
û¶ìª àŸë]-î¦-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª.
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ î¦è[ê¦Ù. êµõª-Þœªö˺ ÷ªJ, Í÷±ìª ÍE
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ topic ÷«¸ôa÷³Ùë]ª î¦è¶ NëÅ]ÙÞ¥.)
He seems (is seeming ô¦ë]ª) to be a bad
fellow.
Ú¥F û¶ìª FÚÛª Ïî¦yõìª-ÚÁ÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª (í£±ú£hÚ¥Eo – ¸ôÿ§t ô¦âÉÀ, Nø‹-Ü-í£åoÙ
Pavan: He lives quite nearby. 13) ÍêŸè[ª ë¯Ùæ˺x Îú£-Ú¨hÞ¥ ö¶è[ª. Ï÷yè[Ù= lend). áî¦ñª: 'talk' êŸô¦yêŸ 'to' Ú¥F 'with' Ú¥F êŸí£pÚÛ
(ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ë]Þœ_-ôÁxû¶ ÑÙæ°è[ª.) He does not seem to be interested in it (is
ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Íö° Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±? ÑÙè¯L. 'talk you, Sir' êŸí£±p. talk to you, Sir
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ verbs- see, appears, contains, not seeming ô¦ë]ª). ìª÷±y í£±ú£hÚ¥õª û¦Ú¨-÷y÷± Ú¥ñæ¨d. ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.
I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒ‰vÚÛî¦ô¢Ù 22 Vöµj 2005

ÑÙC. Î Íô¢nÙêÁ am seeing/ is seeing/ are 9) ÷ªì-¸ÚëÁ Ú•Eo NÙêŸ (strange) ë]'ø‹uõª ÚÛEí‡-
seeing î¦è[è[Ù ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. ú£ªh-û¦oô³. Ú•Eo NÙêŸ øŒò°lõª NEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oô³.
ÚÛõª-ú£ªÚÁ÷è[Ù Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪-ìo-åx-ô³ê¶– 10) ÷ªì-¸ÚëÁ Ú•Eo NÙêŸ ë]'ø‹uõª ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù
She is seeing the CM today. ö¶ë]«, Ú•Eo NÙêŸ øŒò°lõª NEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]«?
Î ú‡Ó-îªE ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ˺ÙC. Answers:
I am not seeing the Governor today.
I really don't see how he is able to stand still for so long? (û¶ìª Ð ôÁV Þœ÷-ô¢o-ôÂìª ÚÛõª-ú£ªÚÁ÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª.) 1) Look at those two pictures. Do you see
any difference (between the two) (Are you
Am hearing/ is hearing/ are hearing ö¶ë]ª ÚÛë¯.
seeing ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯?).
Sudha: What are you looking at so Íô³ê¶ 'see' Ú¨ ñë]ªõª 'look' am + ing/ is + ing/ 2) Look there! Don't (= do not) you see a
àŸ«ø‹ô¦?
steadily? Do not see/ does not see; do not hear/ does are + ing form ö˺ î¦è…-ìç¶x,
deer?
(ÔNªæ©, êŸë¶-ÚÛÙÞ¥ Íåª àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦o÷±?) not hear, do not observe/ does not observe am hearing/ is hearing/
Madhuri: I see an interesting sight over are hearing ÚÛª ñë]ªõª,am
>ÙÚÛ ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙë¯?
Do you see a deer?
ÍÙåª-û¦oô¢ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d ÷ªìÙ Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-î¦-LqÙC–
there. Ïí£pæ¨÷ô¢ÚÛª ÷ªìÙ àŸ«ú‡ì am/ is/ are + ing listening to/ is listening to/
are listening to
>ÙÚÛ ÚÛìí£-è[è[Ù ö¶ë¯?
(ÍÚÛ\èÁ Îú£-Ú¨h-ÚÛ-ô¢-iì ë]'øŒuÙ ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC.) forms ö˺ î¦è[E verbs êÁð§åª, see, hear, î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Don't (Do not) you see a deer?
Sudha: What is it you see there? I do not observe ö°Ùæ¨ verbs ìª ÚÛ«è¯ am/ is/ are + see Ú¨, look at Ú© ê¶è¯ Are you not seeing? Don't you
ñë]ªõª,
see any thing. Saritha, do you see ing forms ö˺ Ñí£-óµ«-TÙàŸÙ. Íö° î¦è¯-Lq-ì-í£±pè[ª Ñìoç¶x, hear ÚÛª listen to
ÚÛª see?
any thing? see, sees, hear, hears, observe, observes Íô¢nÙ ê¶è¯ ÑÙC. 3) What do you see there?
not question do/ does see, 'hear' ÍÙç¶ ÷ªìÚÛª Nì-í£-
(ÔÙ ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙ-ë]-ÚÛ\è[? û¦¸ÚÙ ÚÛEí‡Ù- ÍE, êÁ ö˺ Íô³ê¶ M. SURESAN (What are you seeing ô¦ë]ª)
àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. ú£Jê¦, F¸Ú-iû¦ ÚÛEí‡- do/ does hear, do/ does observe è¶C. You are looking so much at the tree.
ÍE î¦è[ê¦Ù.
þ¼hÙë¯?) a) I see a picture on the wall. 'listen to' ÍÙç¶ ÷ªìÙ (ví£óŸªêŸoÙ) à¶ú‡ Nìè[Ù.
4) Don't look now. I see someone coming for
Saritha: No. Nothing unusual. Listen carefully. You hear footsteps.
you.
Î ÞÁè[ OªC ò˹÷ªt û¦ÚÛª ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC.
(ö¶ë]ª. ÍÙê¦ ÷«÷´õªÞ¥û¶ ÑÙC.) b) She sees what he is doing. â°vÞœ-êŸhÞ¥ Nìª. Íè[ª-Þœªõ àŸí£±pè[ª NEí‡-ú£ªhÙC 5) Whom do I see there?
unusual = ÷«÷´õª Ú¥EC, Ú•êŸh Nù£óŸªÙ (FÚÛª). (Whom am I seeing?
î¦è[ª à¶ú£ªh-ìoC ÎÚÛª ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC. ô¦ë]ª)
Sudha: Do you hear Madhuri? Saritha c) They are standing on the balcony. They ÷ªìÙ Ú¥xúÃö˺ ÔÙ à¶þ§hÙ? Isn't (is it not) Michael Jackson?
sees nothing unusual. Come on, see the Sunrise. Do we hear the teacher or Do we listen to the
(Michael Jackson It is Michael

ÚÛEí‡Ù-à¶N... ví£óŸªAoÙ# àŸ«›úN...


What attracts you there? teacher? OªÚÛª êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯ ÷ªÙ# students
ÚÛë¯ =
Jackson)
î¦üŒ‰x ò°õ\-Fö˺ Eõñ-è¯fô¢ª. ú£«ôÁu-ë]óŸªÙ î¦üŒxÚÛª
(÷«ëÅ]ªK NEí‡Ù-#Ùë¯? ú£J-êŸÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ Óí£±pè[« listen to the teacher. (ÍÙç¶ æ©àŸô¢ª 6) We hear some sweet music from some
ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC.
Ú•êŸhë¶Oª ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. ÍÚÛ\è[ ÔÙ am seeing/ is seeing/ are seeing ÚÛª ñë]ªõª, ൛ípC î¦üŒ‰x vøŒë]lÄ šíæ¨dNÙæ°ô¢ª).
ÎÚÛ-J{Ù-#ÙC Eìªo.)
Madhuri: Don't you observe that man there?
All made up like Gandhi, and
standing still like a statue?
(ÍÚÛ\è[ Î ÷ªE-ù‡E Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë¯
ìª÷±y? Þ¥ÙDÅö° ÚÛíà î¶ú£ª-Ú•E, NvÞœ-
Ù-ö°Þ¥ Eõñè… Ñû¦oè[ª.)
Made up = û¦åÚ¥ö˺x ÚÛíà à¶ú£ª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù
where.
still = àŸõìÙ ö¶E am looking at/ is looking at/ are looking at Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uõª àŸ«è[Ùè… 7) He never listens to good advice. He does-
Sudha and Saritha: Yes, We see now see look at
î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Ú¥F Ú¨ ÚÛª Íô¢nÙö˺ ê¶è¯ a) As we walk along the road, we hear the n't (does not) like advice.
Saritha. I really don't see how he is able to ÑÙC. noise of the traffic. never= Óìo-æ¨Ú© Ú¥ë]ª/-ö¶ë]ª.
stand still for so long? see = ÷ªìÚÛª ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ôÁè[ªf Oªë] ìè[ª-ú£ªh-ìo-í£±pè[ª væ°íƇÚÂ îµ«êŸ NEí‡- Advice plural
ÚÛª singular.
ö¶ë]ª. Óí£±pè[«
(ÍÙêŸ-›úí£± ÚÛë]-LÚÛ ö¶ÚÛªÙè¯ Óö° Eõ-ñè… look at = ÷ªìÙ (ví£óŸªêŸoÙ à¶ú‡) àŸ«è[è[Ù ú£ªhÙC. Advice ÷³Ùë]ª a/an î¦è[Ù.
ÑÙè[ÞœõªÞœª-꟪û¦oèÁ Íô¢nÙ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙC.) I see the picture on the wall. b) We switch on the CD player/ the two-in- 8) Hello! I hear some noises over the phone.
See = understand. ÞÁè[ Oªë] ò˹÷ªt ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC. one to listen to music. Do you hear me What I say ? I don't (do
Íí£±p-è[-í£±pè[ª, Ó÷-ô¢û¦o Ôë]û¦o àµGê¶ "I see" I am looking at the picture on the wall. (÷ªìÙ ú£ÙUêŸÙ Nìè¯-EÚ¨ ú‡è… ›íxóŸªôÂ/ åªÏ-ûËÂ- not)/am not able to hear what you say.
ÍÙæ°Ù. ë¯ìô¢nÙ ‘Íô¢lÄ-÷ª-÷±-êÁÙC’ ÍE. ÞÁè[ Oªë] ò˹÷ªtìª àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oìª. ÷ûË ÎûË à¶þ§hÙ) 9) We see some strange sights and we hear
Sudha: But don't you hear some thing too? Look at the sky, you see the stars. c) û¶ìª ൛ípC FÚÛª NEí‡-þ¼hÙë¯? some strange sounds.
(OªÚÛª ÔOª NEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë¯?) Do you hear me? 10) Don't (do not) we see some strange
Madhuri & Saritha: What is it?
û¶ìª ඛípC ìª÷±y NÙåª-û¦oî¦? sights and hear some strange sounds?
(ÔNªæ¨ ÍC?) Are you listening?
Sudha: The gibber of the monkey there It's
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é
. Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦æ¨E English ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ practice
performing to the boy's commands. 21 à¶óŸªÙè….
(Î Íò°sô³ Îè…-ú£ªhìo Î ÚÁA Ú¨àŸ-Ú¨-àŸõª
NE-í‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë¯?) 1) Î ·ôÙè[ª ò˹÷ªtõª àŸ«è[Ùè…. Ôiû¦ ê¶è¯ ÚÛEí‡-
gibber - pronunciation : >ñ
þ¼hÙë¯?
performing = à¶óŸªè[Ù, ví£ë]-JzÙ-àŸè[Ù (see).
(look).
ÎÚ¥øŒÙ îµjí£± àŸ«è[Ùè… ì¤Û-vê¦õª ÚÛEí‡-þ§hô³ 2) ÍÚÛ\è[ àŸ«è[Ùè…. ÖÚÛ >ÙÚÛ ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]«?
(deer - >ÙÚÛ)
Madhuri and Saritha: What's new about it?
(ÔÙå÷«t ÍÙë]ªö˺ NÙêŸ?)
When you look up, you see the blue sky.
3) ÍÚÛ\è[ FÚÛª ÔÙ ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC? Î àµåªd îµj›í
ví£øŒo: Housewife ñë]ªõª
šíjÚ¨ àŸ«›úh Fö°-Ú¥øŒÙ ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªhÙC.
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ see, hear, observe î¦è[ÚÛÙ Þœ÷ª- àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦o÷±.
EÙ-àŸÙè…. ÏÚÛ\è[ see, hear, observe Ð verb ìª
ÍêŸè[ª Îîµªìª àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª.
He is looking at her.
4) Ïí£±pè¶ àŸ«è[ÚÛª. F ÚÁú£Ù Ó÷ôÁ ô¦÷è[Ù ÚÛEí‡- Homemaker ÍE
î¦è[-÷à¦a? My mother is housewife
þ¼hÙC û¦ÚÛª (û¶ìª àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oìª).
(He is seeing her
5) Ó÷ô¢-ÚÛ\è[ û¦ÚÛª ÚÛEí‡-þ¼hÙC? (whom...see Íìè[Ù ÚÛÙç¶ My mother is homemaker
Ïí£±pè[ª ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù, Ïí£±pè[ª NEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù, Ïí£±pè[ª ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯?)
Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸè[Ù Íû¶ Íô¦n-õêÁ î¦è…-ì-í£p-æ¨Ú© am/ is/ æ©àŸô Eìªo Þœ÷ª-E-þ¼hÙC. ÍÙç¶ ò°ÞœªÙ-åªÙC ÚÛë¯?
are seeing; am/ is/ are hearing, am/ is/ are
– ÎôÂ. ÚÛ'ÿ§g-ô¦÷±, Ú¨è…Nª, XÚ¥-ÚÛª-üŒÙ->ö°x
î¦è[Ùè…). i¸ÚöËÀâ°ÚÛqûË ڥë]ª ÚÛë¯?
observing am/ is/ are seeing,
The teacher is watching you.
(am/ is/ are observing
6) ÓÚÛ\è…ìªÙàÁ ÷ªëÅ]ª-ô¢-iì ú£ÙUêŸÙ NEí‡-þ¼hÙC
áî¦ñª: 'Housewife' Íû¶ ÷«å ð§êŸ-ñ-è…-ð¼-
Íìè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. ÍìÙ Ú¥ñæ¨d.)
am/ is/ are hearing, am/ is/ are observing (we êÁ vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ#, some where î¦è[Ùè…).
7) î¦èµ-í£±pè[« ÷ªÙ# ú£õ-õª Nìè[ª. î¦è…Ú¨ Ïù£dÙ
ÚÛª 'see'
Íô³ê¶, ‘àŸ«è[ª’ Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ î¦è[-ê¦ô¢ª. 'See if
ñë]ªõª see, hear, observe Íû¶ ÍÙåª-û¦oô¢ª ÚÛë¯ any one is there?' see
Ú¥ñæ¨d ÚÛª, look ÚÛª ê¶è¯ ô³ÙC. Homemaker Íû¶C ò°Þ¥ î¦è[ª-ÚÛ-ö˺ڨ
ö¶ë]ª.
8) ö˺, ðƼûËÁx ÔîËÁ øŒò°lõª NEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oô³. û¶ìª
÷«ëÅ]ªJ, ú£ªëÅ], ú£JêŸ. Íö°¸Þ Ïí£±pè[ª ÚÛEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ÑÙC. ÷þ¼hÙC. Ð ·ôÙè…Ùæ¨ÚÛÙç¶ Ïí£±p-è…-í£±pè¶ î¦è[ª-ÚÛ-ö˺ڨ
ö¶ë]ª/ Ïí£±pè[ª NEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª/ Ïí£±pè[ª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-
àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª Íû¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª am not/ is not/ are not ÏC ÷³ÜuÙ! ൛ípC FÚÛª NEí‡-þ¼hÙë¯? ìª÷±y ൛ípC û¦¸ÚÙ
÷ú£ªh-ìo-÷«å (÷³ÜuÙÞ¥ Í-J-Ú¥ö˺)
Houseworker. ÍC ÷ªìÚÛª ÍÙêŸ ìàŸa-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷àŸªa
seeing/ hearing/ observing ÍE Íìè[Ù ö¶ë]ª see ÍÙç¶ ÚÛõª-ú£ªÚÁ÷è[Ù (meet) Íû¶ Íô¢nÙ ÚÛ«è¯ NEí‡Ù-àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. Þ¥F î¦üŒ‰x Ð í£ë¯û¶o ÓÚÛª\÷ Ñí£-óµ«-T-ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ÎCî¦ô¢Ù 24 Vöµj 2005

Lakshmi: Hi, Ajitha, how are you? Lakshmi: Don't worry. It is only an ant.
(óÀª Í>êŸ, Óö° Ñû¦oîËÂ?) (òÅ¡óŸª-í£-è[ÚÛª... ÍC <ö¶!)
Ajitha: Fine, thank you. How are you? Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ smell, taste, feel- verbs î¦è[ÚÛÙ
(ò°Þœªû¦o, ìªîµyö° Ñû¦o÷±?) Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. see, hear, smell, taste, feel -
Lakshmi: OK. thank you. Do I smell some- Ï÷Fo ò°›ï°uÙ-vC-óŸ«-õÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ìN. Hear
thing sweet? and see- Ð ·ôÙè[ª verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ing/
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o, ÔëÁ ú£ªî¦-ú£ì ÷ú£ªh- are + ing forms ö˺ î¦è[Ù. Íö°¸Þ Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]-
ìoåªxÙC ÚÛë]«?) ô¦sÄö˺x smell, taste, feel ÚÛ«è¯ am + ing/ are +
Ajitha: That's right. You smell the jasmine ing form ö˺ î¦è[Ù.
spray I use.
(Eá! û¶ìª î¦è…ì â°ú‡tûË v›úp î¦ú£ì

Ú•EoàÁåx Ú•Eo ׸Ú!


ÍC.)
Lakshmi: Well, why have you brought me
here?
(ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ìûµoÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Bú£ª-Ú•-à¦a÷±?)
Ajitha: The coffee here tastes fine and
fresh.

a) smell ÍÙç¶ ÖÚÛ ÷ú£ªh÷± Ïú£ªhìo î¦ú£ì Íû¶ b) 'taste' Nù£óŸªÙ ÚÛ«è¯ ÍÙê¶. ÖÚÛ ÷ú£ªh÷± Ð (Ð Ú•êŸh ví£ë¶-øŒÙö˺ ÎÚÛª ÔëÁ NÙêŸÞ¥ ÍEí‡-
Íô¢nÙêÁ î¦è…-ì-í£±pè[ª am smelling/ is NëÅ]-iì ô¢ª#E Ïú£ªhÙC Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ Íô³ê¶ þ¼hÙC.)
smelling/ are smelling form ö˺ î¦è[Ù. taste, tastes Íû¶ ÍÙæ°Ù. am tasting/ is iii) They feel quite at home in the new place.
The rose smells sweet. tasting/are tasting ÍE ÍìÙ. (They are feeling Ú¥ë]ª)
(Þœªö°G ú£ªî¦-ú£ììª Ïú£ªhÙC.) Biriyani serves here (Ð Ú•êŸh ví£ë¶øŒÙ î¦üŒxÚÛª ÔOª Ú•êŸhÞ¥ ÍEí‡Ù-
The rose is smelling sweet ÍìÙ. tastes fine. àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª.)
Íë¶ ÷ªìÙ ë¶ûµjoû¦ Ïí£±pè[ª î¦ú£ì àŸ«ú£ªhìo (ÏÚÛ\è[ Gô¦uF ÷ªÙ# ô¢ª#- Íô³ê¶ How are you feeling? Íû¶C î¦è[ª-ÚÛö˺
Nù£óŸªÙ àµð§p-õÙç¶ am smelling/ is smelling/ E-þ¼hÙC – The biriyani is ÑÙC– Óö° Ñû¦o÷±? Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ.
are smelling î¦è[ê¦Ù. tasting fine Ú¥ë]ª.) ò°›ï°uÙvCóŸ«õ Nù£-óŸªÙö˺ Þœ÷ª-E-Ùà¦-Lqì
Íë¶ ÷ªìÙ- ë¶-ûµjoû¦ ô¢ª#- ÷³Ý°uÙ-ø‹õª
àŸ«-ú£ªh-ìo-í£±pè[ª– am tast- i) am seeing/ is seeing/ are seeing î¦è[Ù (ÚÛE-
ing, is tasting, are tast-
ing M. SURESAN í‡Ù-àŸè[Ù Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ)
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 22
ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. am hearing/ is hearing/ are hearing ö¶ë]ª.Ð
I am tasting the biriyani.
(û¶ìª Gô¦uFE ô¢ª# àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oìª.) ·ôÙè…Ùæ¨ Nù£-óŸªÙö˺ am/ is/ are looking/ lis-
tening î¦è[ê¦Ù.
She is smelling the flower in her hand. ÏÚÛ\è[ am tasting ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. ii) ÖÚÛ ÷ú£ªh÷± Ïú£ªhìo î¦ú£ì Íô³ê¶ is smelling/
Well, why have you brought me here? She is tasting the dish to see how good it is.
(Î à¶A-ö˺E í£±÷±yìª î¦ú£ì àŸ«þ¼hÙC.) are smeling ö¶ë]ª. smell/ smells ÷«vêŸî¶ª.
ÏC ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. Ú¥ñæ¨d ÖÚÛ ÷ú£ªh÷± ÖÚÛ î¦ú£ì (Î ÷ÙåÚÛÙ ÓÙêŸ ò°ÞœªÙëÁ êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÁ-è¯-EÚ¨ ë¯Eo ÷ªìÙ î¦ú£ì àŸ«ú£ªh-ìo-í£±p-èµjê¶ am smelling/ is
(ÏÚÛ\è[ Ú¥íƈ à¦ö° ò°ÞœªÙ-åªÙC.) Ïú£ªhÙC Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ Íô³ê¶ is smelling/ are Î ô¢ª# àŸ«þ¼hÙC). smelling/ are smelling correct.
Lakshmi: O, thank you (After a sip) I am c) 'feel' Nù£óŸªÙ ÚÛ«è¯ ÍÙê¶. ÷ªìÚÛª Íìª-òÅ¡«A,
smelling ô¦ë]ª. iii) ÖÚÛ ÷ú£ªh÷± Ïà¶a ô¢ª# Íô³ê¶ taste/ tastes
tasting real good coffee for the first òÅ°÷Ù Ôëµjû¦ ÚÛL-T-ì-í£±pè[ª feel/ feels ÷«vêŸî¶ª.
The spray smells fine. ÍÙæ°Ù.is/ are tasting ÍìÙ.
time in weeks. ((Ú•ÙàµÙ Ú¥íƈ ê¦T) spray am feeling/ is feeling/ are feeling ÍìÙ.
Î ÷ªÙ# î¦ú£ì Ïú£ªhÙC Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ iv) 'feel' Nù£-óŸªÙö˺– Íìª-òÅ¡÷Ù, Íìª-òÅ¡«A Íô¢nÙêÁ
Ú•Eo î¦ô¦õ êŸô¦yêŸ îµ³ë]æ¨þ§JÞ¥ The spray is smelling fine i) I feel the cold wind blowing on my face.
Íô³ê¶. Ú¥ë]ª. feel/ feels
Íô³ê¶ am/ is/ are feeling
ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.
÷ªÙ# Ú¥íƈ ô¢ª# àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oìª.) They are smelling the spray. (û¦ OªtCÚ¨ Oú£ªhìo àŸõxE Þ¥LE Íìª-òÅ¡-N- ö¶ë]ª.
Ajitha: Wait a minute. I feel some thing ú£ªh-û¦oìª.)
creeping up my arm. (ÑÙè[ª. ÔëÁ û¦
î¦üŒ‰x Î v›úpìª î¦ú£ì àŸ«ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.
ii) She feels (is feeling Ú¥ë]ª) strange in this
êŸè…Nª àŸ«è[è[Ù– Íô¢nÙêÁ Íô³ê¶ am/ is/ are
ÏC ÚÛ·ô¸Úd – ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙç¶ ÷ªìÙ î¦ú£ì àŸ«è[è[Ù feeling î¦è[-÷àŸªa.
à¶A Oªë] ð§ÚÛª-꟪ìoåªd ÍEí‡-þ¼hÙC.) Ú¥ñæ¨d. new place.

ví£øŒo: Give ÍÙç¶ Ï÷yè[Ù. Given ÍÙç¶ Ï÷y-ñ- Past participles ÷³Ùë]ª had given, have/ ÍFo be- forms.) ÷›úh Íí£±pè[ª ÷«vêŸî¶ª à¶óŸª-ñ-è…ÙC, preference 'more'
ö˺û¶ Íû¶ òÅ°÷Ù ÑÙC.
è[è[Ù. I have given ÍÙç¶ ‘û¦ÚÛª Ïà¦aô¢ª’ ÍE has/ had ÷›úh NNëÅ] ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x– Ïà¦aìª, Ïà¦a÷³, Ï÷y-ñ-è¯fè[ª, etc. passive voice forms ÷þ§hô³. 'Suffering from' correct êµõªÞœª, English
Íô¢nÙ ÚÛë¯ (û¶ìª Ï÷y-ñ-è¯fìª ÍE). Ú¥F à¦ö°- Ïà¦aô¢ª, Ïà¦aè[ª, Ïà¦a÷± Íû¶ Íô¢nÙ êµõªÞœª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ passive voice à¦ö° Íô¢ªë]ª. î¦è[ª-ÚÛõª ð¼õa-ÚÛ«-è[ë]ª. ô òÅ°ù£õª ÚÛë¯. êµõª-Þœªö˺
àÁåx ÏêŸ-ô¢ªõ ÞœªJÙ# ൛íp-å-í£±pè[ª 'He has ÷ú£ªhÙC.have/has+ participle- ÞœêŸÙö˺ áJ-Tì í£E He is seen here every day. ÖÚÛJ Oªë] ÚÁí£Ù ÷ú£ªhÙC. Englishö˺ angry with
given' ÍE ‘ÍêŸìª Ïà¦aè[ª’ Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ Ô çµjîªö˺ áJ-TÙC êµLóŸª-â¶-óŸª-ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ ÷ú£ªhÙC. ví£A-ôÁV ÏÚÛ\è[ àŸ«è[-ñ-è[-ê¦è[ª. (a person) ÍÙæ°Ù. Ïåª-÷Ùæ¨ Nù£-óŸ«ö˺x î¦è[ª-ÚÛìª
î¦è[ª-꟪-û¦oô¢ª. ÏC êŸí£±p ÚÛë¯? ‘ÍêŸìª Ï÷y- I have given the book. He is given salary on the first of every month. ñæ¨d ð¼î¦L. ÍC ÓÙêŸ ÓÚÛª\÷ English àŸC-Nê¶
ÍêŸìª ví£A ûµö° îµ³ë]æ¨ ê¶D @êŸÙ Ï÷y-ñ-è[-ê¦è[ª. ÍÙêŸ ò°Þ¥ ÷ú£ªhÙC.
ví£øŒo: I am going to go Ú¨ I am going Ú¨ ê¶è¯
ñ-è¯fè[ª’ ÍE ÚÛë¯ Íô¢nÙ?
–ô¦ëů-ÚÛ'ù£g, šïj°ë]-ô¦-ò°ë He has given a lecture.

áî¦ñª: English ÚÛª, êµõªÞœªÚÛª Ñìo ê¶è¯õ ÷õx,


ÍêŸìª Ñí£-û¦uú£Ù Ïà¦aè[ª. ÔNªæ¨?
`given' ö°Ùæ¨ past participles ÷ªìÚÛª Ú•ÙàµÙ con-
He is given Rs. 10000 every month. ÍêŸìª ví£A
– ÷ªûËÁ-ô¢Ù-áE, Ná-óŸª-î¦è[
áî¦ñª: 'I am going to go' ÍÙç¶ îµüŒx-ò˺-꟪-û¦oìª
ûµö° ô¢«. 10000 Ï÷y-ñ-è[-ê¦è[ª (ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ Ïþ§hô¢ª).
fusing Þ¥û¶ ÑÙæ°ô³. `Given' Íû¶C past partici- They are given. î¦üŒ‰x Ï÷y-ñ-è[-ê¦ô¢ª.
ple. ÍÙç¶ ë¯ìô¢nÙ ‘Ï÷y-ñ-è…ì’ ÍE. (‘Ï÷y-ñ-è[è[Ù’ Children are given milk everyday. ôÁW í‡õxõª ÍE, 'I am going' ÍÙç¶ îµüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oìª ÍE.
Ú¥ë]ª) ð§L-÷y-ñ-è[-ê¦ô¢ª. Ôëµjì í£E-à¶-óŸª-ò˺-꟪-ìo-í£±pè[ª going to do/ sing/
a) The book given to him.
ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ Ï÷y-ñ-è…ì í£±ú£hÚÛÙ. ví£øŒo: I give more prefer coffee than tea Íû¦L. teach etc. î¦è[ê¦Ù.
ví£øŒo: 1. û¶ìª ðÆ»æ˺ Bô³Ù-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦L/ Bô³Ù-àŸª-ÚÛª-
b) The man seen near the school.
Ú¥F I give more prefer coffee to tea ÍE û¦oìª
seen past participle
(ÏÚÛ\è[ school
Íô¢nÙ ë]Þœ_ô¢ û¶ìª í£±ú£hÚÛÙ Ïà¦aìª.
ÓÙë]ªÚÛª ÍÙæ°ô¢ª?
I am suffering from fever ÍÙæ°ô¢ª
2. íÆ£ö°û¦ ÓÙvæ© û¦ ú£KyúÃ í£±ú£h-ÚÛÙö˺
Past participle
àŸ«è[-ñ-è…ì ÷uÚ¨h ÍE. ÚÛª Íô¢nÙ ‘... (past- Óí£±pè[ª, Ô ôÁV, Ôçµjîªö˺ Ï#aÙC àµí£pè[Ù ô¦ô³Ù-à¦L (ö¶ë¯ ÓÙåô à¶ô³Ù-à¦L/
ñè…ì’ ÍE Íú£Ù-í£²-JhÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC.) ÓÙë]ªÚÛª? I am suffering with fever Íì- ô¦ô³Ùà¦ìª).
ö¶ë]ª– Ï÷yè[Ù ÷«vêŸÙ áJ-TÙC.) ÚÛ«-è[ë¯?
c) The book torn by the child. I, we you, they - have given.
– ·Ú ûËÂ, ÚÛ'ù£g, Þœìo-÷ô¢Ù
Ð î¦Ú¥u-õìª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ Óö° àµð§pL.
he, she, it - has given. – ·Ú. ô¦¸ÚøÉÂàŸÙë]ª, áÙÞ¥-·ôè…fÞœ«èµÙ
áî¦ñª: I give more prefer coffee... Ð sen-
(Î Gè[f à¶êŸ #Ùí£-ñ-è…ì í£±ú£hÚÛÙ)
d) The movie released yesterday. He has given.
tence ú£J-Ú¥ë]ª.
áî¦ñª:
(Eìo Nè[ª-ë]õ à¶óŸª-ñ-è…ì ú‡E÷«) ÍêŸìª Ïà¦aè[ª (Ï÷yè[Ù Íô³-ð¼-ô³ÙC – past, çµjîª 1. I should/ have to get/ have myself pho-
Íô³ê¶ êµõª-Þœªö˺ Íö° ÍìÙ. I prefer coffee to tea Íû¦L ö¶ë¯ I give prefer-
êµLóŸª-â¶-óŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª). tographed./ I got/ had myself photographed.
a) ÍêŸEÚ¨ Ï#aì í£±ú£hÚÛÙ. 'given' ö°Ùæ¨ past participles ÷³Ùë]ª 'be' forms- ence to coffee over tea Íû¦L.
b) school ë]Þœ_ô¢ àŸ«ú‡ì/ ÚÛEí‡Ù-#ì ÷uÚ¨h. (am, is, are, was, were, shall be, will be, have 1) prefer êŸô¦yêŸ Óí£±pè[« 'to' ÷ú£ªhÙC. 'than' ô¦ë]ª. 2. I have to get the entry made/ recorded in my
service register (I got the entry made/
c) Gè[f #Ùí‡ì í£±ú£hÚÛÙ. been, has been – #÷ô¢ be, been verbs
÷à¶a 2) 'more preference' Íû¶ î¦è[ªÚÛ ö¶ë]ª. ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙç¶ recorded in my service register).
d) Eìo Nè[ª-ë]õ à¶ú‡ì ú‡E÷« ÍÙæ°Ù.
I Ðû¦è[ª- ÷ªÙÞœüŒî¦ô¢Ù 26 Vöµj 2005

Raghu: Hi Pavan, you look dull. What's the I have (am having Ú¥ë]ª) a lot of work.
matter? b) ÚÛª÷«-ôÂÚÛª ÏÚÛ\è[ Ñë]óŸªÙ 8 ìªÙ# þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ
(óÀª í£÷ûËÂ, ÔÙæ¨ è[öËÀÞ¥ Ñû¦o÷±?) 6 ÷ô¢ÚÛª è[«uæ© ÑÙC.
Pavan: I have a headache. I don't have (do Kumar has (is having Ú¥ë]ª) duty here from
not have) at home the tablets I usual- 8 AM - 6 PM.
ly take. 4. òÅ°î¦õª, Íìª-òÅ¡«-꟪õª ൛íp-åí£±pè[ª am/ is/
(êŸõ-ûË•-í‡pÞ¥ ÑÙC. ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ û¶ìª are having ô¦ë]ª.
î¶ú£ª-ÚÛªû¶ ÷«vêŸõª ÏÙæ˺x ö¶÷±.) a)ÎÚÛª ÍêŸ-ìÙç¶ Þ¥èÅ[iì v›í÷ª.
Raghu: Sorry to know that. Do you have that She has (is having Ú¥ë]ª) deep love for
novel with you? I mean the novel you him.
bought last week. b) šúöµÚÂd Í÷±-ê¦-ìû¶ ÎøŒ û¦ÚÛª ÑÙC.
( I have (am having Ú¥ë]ª) the hope I will ø‹ÙA: Ñû¦oô¢ª. ÓÙë]ªÚÛª?
þ§K, Ú¨Ùë]-æ¨-î¦ô¢Ù ìª÷±y Ú•ìo ì÷õ F b) My friend is having a son and a daughter.
be selected.
ÿ§LE: û¦ÚÛª ÓõªxÙè… òµÙÞœª-üŒŠ-ô¢ªö˺ ÏÙåô¢«yu
ë]Þœ_-ô¢ªÙë¯?) (ÍÙ綖 Î všíÆÙè êŸì Ú•è[ªÚÛªìª, Ú۫꟪JE
Pavan: Sorry. I don't have it. Prakash took it 5.
from me yesterday. He has it now.
÷ªìÚÛª Ñìo ô¢ªÞœtêŸö°xÙæ¨ î¦æ¨E êµLóŸª-â¶-›ú-å- AÙåª-û¦o-è[û¦? ÍC Ú¥ë]ª ÚÛë¯?– My friend ÑÙC. Já-¸ôy-ù£ûË ÚÛù£dÙÞ¥/ú£÷ª-ú£uÞ¥
í£±pè[ª am/ is/ are having ô¦ë]ª. have/ has has a son and a daughter.)
( þ§K, ÍC û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ö¶ë]ª. ví£Ú¥ùà Eìo ÑÙC.
÷«vêŸî¶ª ÷ú£ªhÙC. c) Saritha is having a wonderful pair of ear Answers:
Bú£ª-ÚÛª-û¦oè[ª. ÍC ÍêŸè… ë]Þœ_¸ô ÑÙC.) a) û¦ÚÛª êŸõ-ûË•-í‡pÞ¥ ÑÙC. rings. 1. I also have that book. Have you?/Do you
Raghu: I have no work today. So I want to I have a headache (am having Ú¥ë]ª.) (ÍÙç¶ – ú£JêŸ à¦ö° ÍÙë]-iì àµN ÎòÅ¡-ô¢-é°õª have it.
spend time reading the book. b) ÎÚÛª ڥô¢ªx. AÙæ˺Ù-ë]û¦? Ú¥ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d She has a won- 2. Have you/Do you have any class now.
(û¦ÚÛª Ð ôÁâ¶Ù í£E-ö¶ë]ª. í£±ú£hÚÛÙ àŸë]ª- She has jaundice (is having Ú¥ë]ª). derful pair of ear rings.) 3. Why are you having coffee now? You usu-
÷±êŸ« Þœè…-›íë¯lÙ Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª.) c) ÍêŸ-EÚ¨ ò°Þ¥ áõªñª à¶ú‡ÙC. Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª practice à¶óŸªÙè…. (ÍEoÙ- ally have tea.
Pavan: Go ahead. My brother has another He has (is having Ú¥ë]ª) a bad cold. æ¨Ú¨ have- correct form î¦è[Ùè…). 4. (Over phone) Is it you? I am having lunch.
book with him. Take it. ÏÚÛð¼ê¶ am having/ is having/ are having 1) û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÚÛ«è¯ Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ÑÙC. F ë]Þœ_-ô¢ªÙë¯? Please wait.
(Íô³ê¶ Ú¥EóÀª. ÷« vñë]ô ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÏÙÚÁ î¦è[ë]-Tì ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄõª ÷³ÜuÙÞ¥– 2) FÚÛª Ïí£±pè¶îµªiû¦ Ú¥xúà ÑÙë¯?

‘û¶ìª ú£«\å-ôÂE AÙåª-û¦o쪒


I want Mahesh's phone no. Do you have it?
í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ÑÙC. ÍC Bú£ªÚÁ.) ★ Aìè[Ù, ê¦Þœè[Ù ö°Ùæ¨N–
I don't (do not) have it. Ramesh has it.
I don't (do not) have Ramesh's phone
number either.
(not Ñìo sentence
ö˺ 'also'
ô¦ë]ª. ÍÙë]ª-ÚÛE
'either.')
5. Isn't that sari nice/beautiful?
Then have it.
Raghu: Where is he? 1) û¶E-í£±pè[ª Ú¥íƈ Bú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª (ê¦Þœª-꟪- 3) ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Ú¥íƈ Bú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±. ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥
I do not (don't) have/I
haven't (have not)
(ÍêŸìª ÓÚÛ\è[?) û¦oìª). ìª÷±y æ© ê¦Þœª-ê¦÷± ÚÛë¯? the money now.
I am having coffee. 4) (ðƼûËÁx) ‘× ìªî¦y? û¶ìª õÙà Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o!
Pavan: He is having breakfast. Wait for a few 2) î¦Rx-í£±pè[ª òÅ˺áìÙ à¶ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª. Ú¥ú£h îµô³-æËÀ-àµóÀª’
I have the money but
I don't (do not) like
minutes. They are having meals now.
3) ÍêŸìª ú‡T-·ôæËÀ ê¦Þœª-꟪-û¦oè[ª. that sari.
(î¦è[ª vò¶ÚÂ-ðƧúÃd à¶ú£ªhû¦oè[ª. Ú¥›úí£± ÎÞœª) ‘û¦ÚÛª ÷ª›ï°ùà ðƼûË ûµÙñô ڥî¦L. F ë]Þœ_ô¢
ÑÙë¯?’ 6. What do you have for
Raghu: Aren't (Are you not) having any? He is having a smoke. ‘û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ö¶ë]ª. ô¢î¶ªùà ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÑÙC.’ breakfast usually.
(ìª÷±y ÔOª Aìî¦?) (He is smoking ñë]ªõª) ‘û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ô¢î¶ªùà ðƼûË ûµÙñô ÚÛ«è¯ ö¶ë]ª.’ I have mostly idles.
Pavan: I don't feel like, with this head ache.
(Ð êŸõ-ûË•í‡p ÷õx Aû¦-õE ö¶ë]ª)
★ am having/ is having/ are having- `bath' ÚÛª 5) ‘Î <ô¢ à¦ö° ò°ÞœªÙC ÚÛë¯?’ Why are you having M. SURESAN
î¦è[-÷àŸªa. ‘Íô³ê¶ Bþ¼\’ dosa now?
This restaurant doesn't (does not) have a
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ ÷ªìÙ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-à¶-ë¶-Nªæ¨? Ú•Eo- ‘û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ Ïí£±pè[ª è[ñªs-ö¶ë]ª.’
àÁåx Ïí£±pè[ª áJ¸Þ í£E-·Újû¦ have/ has î¦è[è[Ù, ‘û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ è[ñªs ÑÙC Ú¥F, û¦ÚÛª Î <ô¢ ìàŸa- good name for idles. It has a good name
Ú•Eo-àÁåx am having/ is having/ are having ö¶ë]ª. for dosas.
î¦è[è[Ù. 'am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing' form ö˺ 6) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ð»ë]ªlì vò¶ÚÂ-ðƧúÃd ÔÙ I don't have (do not have)/ haven't (have
î¦è[E verbs ö˺ have ÚÛ«è¯ ÑÙC. Íô³ê¶ am Bú£ªÚÛªÙ-æ°÷±?’ not) much knowledge of the restaurants
having/ is having/ are having form Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]-
here.
You are having a dosa now. How is it?
ô¦sÄö˺x Íô¦n-Eo-ñæ¨d î¦è[ê¦Ù.
1. have/ has ÚÛª Ñìo ÷³Üu-iì Íô¢nÙ– ÚÛLT
7. Ramu: How is that pup there?
Raghu: I have a pup at home. That's big-
ÑÙè[è[Ù.
I, we, you, they Íô³ê¶ have.
He, she, it Íô³ê¶ 'has'.
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 23 ger than this.
Ramu: Has it/Does it have a name?
I have a scooter.
Raghu: Yes. It has a beautiful name.
Ruby. Have you/Do you have any
û¦ÚÛª ú£«\åô ÑÙC. ‘ÓÚÛª\-÷Þ¥ Ïè†x Bú£ªÚÛªÙæ°’
She has a lot of jewellry. ‘÷ªJ Ïí£±p-èµÙ-ë]ªÚÛª ëÁøŒ AÙåª-û¦o÷±?’ pets at home?
Ramu: No.
ÎÚÛª à¦ö° ìÞœõª Ñû¦oô³. ‘Ð ·ôþ§d-·ôÙæËÀö˺ Ïè†xõª ò°ÞœªÙ-è[÷±. ëÁøŒõª
My friends (they) have bikes. ò°ÞœªÙ-æ°ô³.’ 8. Suneel: Hasn't (has not) this building/
Doesn't (does not) this building
÷« všíÆÙèÂqÚÛª òµjÚÂq Ñû¦oô³. ‘û¦ÚÛª ÏÚÛ\è… ·ôþ§d-·ôÙæËÀq ÞœªJÙ# ÍÙêŸÞ¥ êµL-
ÚÛLT ÑÙè[è[Ù Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ am having/ is hav- óŸªë]ª.’ have a beautiful/ grand appear-
ing/ are having ô¦÷±. ‘Ïí£±pè[ª ìª÷±y ÚÛ«è¯ ëÁøŒ AÙåª-û¦o÷± ÚÛë¯. ance.
a) î¦üŒxÚÛª ÍÙë]iì ÏõªxÙC. Óö° ÑÙC?’ Sukumar: I don't have/I haven't any doubt
They have a beautiful house. 7) ô¦÷³: ÍÚÛ\è[ªìo ÚÛªÚÛ\-í‡õx Óö° ÑÙC? about it.
(They are having a beautiful house (ÚÛªÚÛ\-í‡õx= Pup) Suneel: It has a beautiful portico, a bal-
Ú¥ë]ª)
b) This coffee has a fine taste. ô¢íÆ£³: û¦ÚÛª ÏÙæ˺x ÚÛªÚÛ\-í‡õx ÑÙC. ÍC DE- cony, big windows and a
(is having
large/spacious hall.
Ð Ú¥íƈڨ ÷ªÙ# ô¢ª# ÑÙC. Ú¥ë]ª) ÚÛû¦o šíë]lC.
c)Ð ìÞœ-ô¢Ùö˺ îµè[-õp-ô³ì ôÁè[ªx-û¦oô³. She has a lot of jewellry ô¦÷³: ë¯EÚ¨ ›íô¢ªÙë¯? Sukumar: If I have the money, I wish to buy
This city has wide roads. ô¢íÆ£³: ë¯EÚ¨ ÍÙë]-iì ›íô¢ªÙC. ô¢«H. ìª÷±y this house.
(This city is having... a) ÷« û¦ìoÞ¥ô¢ª þ§oìÙ à¶ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª. Ú¥ú£h 9) Shalini: Where is Suneeta?
Ú¥ë]ª) ÏÙæ˺x Ô áÙ꟪÷±ûµjû¦ šíÙàŸª-꟪-û¦oî¦?
2. ÷ªìª-ù£ªõÚÛª, áÙ꟪-÷±õÚÛª Ñìo Þœªé°õª ൛íp-å- ÎÞœÙè…. ô¦÷³: ö¶ë]ª. Santhi: She is having a bath.
í£±pè[ª am/ is/ are having Have/ has
ô¦ë]ª. My father is having a bath. Please wait. 8) ú£ªFöËÀ: Ð òÅ¡÷-û¦-EÚ¨ à¦ö° ÍÙë]-iì Shalini: Has Suneeta/ Does Suneeta
b) Î ù£÷ô ò°ê à¶þ¼hÙC. appearance ÑÙC ÚÛë¯? have any friends in railway book-
÷«vêŸî¶ª ÷ú£ªhÙC.
a) She has patience. She is having a shower. ú£ªÚÛª-÷«ôÂ: Î Nù£óŸªÙö˺ û¦¸ÚÙ ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù ing?
( is having Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…–am/ is/ are having from ÷³ÜuÙÞ¥ Santhi: She has, but why?
ÎÚÛª ×ô¢ªp ÑÙC.) Ú¥ë]ª. ö¶ë]ª.
b) The wife and husband have (are hav- Aìè[Ù, ê¦Þœè[Ù Íû¶ Íô¦n-õ¸Ú í£J-NªêŸÙ. ÍÙë]ª-ÚÛE ú£ªFöËÀ: ë¯EÚ¨ ÖÚÛ ÍÙë]-iì ð¼JdÚÁ, ò°õ\F, Shalini: I have an interview in Bangalore
ing a good understanding for am having/ is having/ are having NªÞœê¦ ú£Ùë]-
the day after tomorrow. I am hav-
Ú¥ë]ª) šíë]l Ú¨æ¨-Ú©õª, ÖÚÛ šíë]l õª Ñû¦oô³.
each other. ô¦sÄö˺x î¦è…ê¶ Ní£-K-ê¦ô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC. eg: ú£ªÚÛª-÷«ôÂ: û¦ ë]Þœ_ô¢ è[ñªs ÑÙç¶, Ð Ïõªx Ú•û¦-õE ing a problem/difficulty about
a) I am having a scooter. ÑÙC. (have, wish î¦è[Ùè…). reservation.
(Î òÅ°ô¦u-òÅ¡-ô¢hõ ÷ªëÅ]u ÷ªÙ# Í÷-Þ¥-ì
ÑÙC.) (Ð sentence ví£Ú¥ô¢Ù ÷à¶a Íô¢nÙ, ‘û¶ìª 9) ÿ§LE: ú£ªFêŸ ÓÚÛ\è[? problem, difficulty am
ø‹ÙA: þ§oìÙ à¶þ¼hÙC
ö°Ùæ¨- î¦-æ¨êÁ
3. ÷ªì-ÚÛªìo í£E ÞœªJÙ# ൛ípÙ-ë]ªÚÛª am/ is/ are ú£«\å-ôÂE AÙåª-û¦o쪒 ÍE ÚÛë¯. ÍÙêŸ-øŒÚ¨h having/is having/ are having
having î¦è[Ù. ÷«ì-÷±-è…-Ú¨ÙÚ¥ ô¦ö¶ë]ª, Ú¥ñæ¨d ÏÚÛ\è[ àµð§p- ÿ§LE: ú£ªF-êŸÚÛª ·ôjö¶y ñªÚ¨Ù-ÞÂö˺ všíÆÙèÂq Ó÷- î¦è[÷àŸªa.
a) û¦ÚÛª à¦ö° í£ìªÙC. LqÙC– I have a scooter.) ·ôjû¦ Ñû¦oô¦?
I Ðû¦è[ª- Þœªô¢ªî¦ô¢Ù 28 Vöµj 2005

Krishna: Hi Nikhila, How are you? Ð be forms ÍEo-Ùæ¨Ú© #÷ô¢ 'be' ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-
(óÀª E"õ, Óö° Ñû¦oîËÂ?) àŸÙè….
Nikhila: Fine, thank you, How go your stud- have been, has been, had been, shall have
ies? been, should have been, will have been,
(ò°Þœª-û¦oìª. ìª÷±y Óö° àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦o÷±?) would have been, may have been, might
Krishna: Studying well. My brother was
have been, can have been, could have been,
come yesterday.
must have been, need have been, ought have
Nikhila: Was come? Look here, Krishna, we
been, dare have been
never use verb forms like was
come. That isn't English. Ð be forms #÷-ô¢-õ-EoÙ-æ¨Ú© been ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-
(was come vÚ¨óŸª ô¢«ð§Eo ÷ªìÙ Ñí£- àŸÙè….
óµ«-TÙàŸÙ. ÍC ÏÙTxùà ڥë]ª.) šíj÷Fo 'be' forms. Oå-Eo-æ¨Ú© Íô¢nÙ ‘ÑÙè[è[Ù’ Íû¶ can sing- verb - can + sing (1st RDW)
Krishna: ë¯ûËÁx ꟛíp-÷³ÙC? ë¯EÚ¨ ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ# ÑÙåªÙC. Oæ¨ö˺x Ú•Eoæ¨ î¦è[ÚÛÙ (ÍêŸìª ÏÚÛ\è[ Eìo àŸ«è[ñè¯fè[ª).
Nikhila: Oª vñë]ô Eìo ÷à¦a-è[E ÚÛ믖 ìª÷yÙ-åª- ÷ªìÙ àŸ«ø‹Ù. šíj î¦æ¨-ì-EoÙæ¨F ÷ªìÙ àµð§p-õ-ìª- Íö° Oæ¨ö˺x ë¶E í£ÚÛ\-ûµjû¦ 1st RDW î¦è…ê¶ verb b) All kinds of books are sold here.
Í÷±-꟪ÙC. (verb - passive
ÚÛªû¶ Íô¦nEo ñæ¨d independent Þ¥ î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Þœ÷ª-EÚÛ: 'shall, will, should, would, etc 'be'
û¦o÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ was come ÍE verb ÏÚÛ\è[ ÍEo ô¢Ú¥õ í£±ú£hÚ¥õª Í÷ªt-
He is here.
î¦è¯÷±. ÍC êŸí£±p. English ö˺ verb ÚÛª ñ-è[-ê¦ô³).

Íú£õª ú£ÙÞœA Î ÎJÙæ¨ö˺û¶!


forms Ú¥÷±. shall, should, will, would, etc., c) The film will be released next week.
(verb- passive ú‡E÷« ÷à¶a-î¦ô¢Ù Nè[ª-ë]õ
à¶óŸª-ñ-è[ª-꟪ÙC).
ÖÚÛ\ VI form of the verb ÷«vêŸî¶ª passive.
NªÞœê¦ forms ÍFo active voice. êµõª-Þœªö˺
÷ªìÙ passive voice ë¯ë¯í£± î¦è[Ù ÚÛë¯! ÍÙç¶
÷ªìÙ ÏÙæ˺x ‘Í÷«t’ ÍìoÙ ÷Ùè[ñè…Ùë¯ ÍìÙ.
Ú•åªdÚÛª îµRx Ð í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ÏÚÛ\è[ Í÷ªt-ñ-è[ª-꟪Ùë¯
Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§õª Ñû¦oô³. Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§ö˺x They could be here yesterday itself.
í£ÚÛ\ì 'be' Ñìo-í£±pè¶ ÍN 'be' forms Íìo ÍìÙ. spoken telugu ö˺ passive voice î¦è[Ù.
Nù£óŸªÙ Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦L. English ö˺ ÚÛ«è¯ ÓÙêŸ êŸÚÛª\÷Þ¥ î¦è…ê¶ ÷ªì
ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ verb ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶, ÍC She might be dangerous, etc.
V form (verb Íô³ëÁ ô¢«í£Ù) òÅ°ù£ ÍÙêŸ simple Þ¥ ú£ï£°-áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC.
II form (verb ·ôÙèÁ ô¢«í£Ù)
English Ú¥ë]ª.
(à¦ö° ÷ªÙC ð§ôÈ¢-ÚÛªõª, was come, has going, conversational ease ÑÙåªÙC.

}
have, has, had, shall have,
ö°Ùæ¨ verbs ÚÛ·ôÚ¥d, Ú¥ë¯ ÍE ÍE Íè[ª-Þœª-꟪ìo ví£øŒo- 'be' form+ ...ing form verb, 'be' should have, will have,
àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª ÚÛë¯ English verb Óí£±pè[« šíj singu-
õ-Eo-æ¨Ú© Ð lesson Ñí£-óµ«-Þœ-í£-è[ª-꟪ÙC. â°vÞœ-êŸhÞ¥ lar forms ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙè¯L. ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶
ÍÙç¶ Ôëµjû¦
form '...ing' form (going, coming, would have, can have, + past
àŸë]-÷Ùè…, Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁÙè…, practice à¶óŸªÙè…, Oª Oªô¢ª ÷«æ°x-è¶C sentence Ú¥ë]ª. Íö° ÷«æ°x-è…ê¶
êŸô¦yêŸ Ôëµjû¦
singing, dancing etc., could have, may have, participle
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ î¦è[Ùè….)
ö°Ùæ¨-N)êÁ ÷ú£ªhÙC. êŸí£±p. Ïí£±pè[ª àŸ«è[Ùè…–
Kumar is writing. might have, must have, He was come.
÷ªìÚÛª Spoken English ÚÛù£d÷ª-E-í‡Ù-à¶C, êŸí£±põª verb: is (be form) + writing (ing form)] ought have, dare have ÏÚÛ\è[ verb Ô÷ª-î¦yL?
ඛúD verb Nù£-óŸªÙ-ö˺û¶. She has been singing for the past one hour. need have was come - (was (be form) + come (1st
verb ÍÙç¶ êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? subject ÑÙè¶ ú‡nAE verb- has been singing
ÏÚÛ\è[ ÏN ÚÛ«è¯ be formsÚ¥÷±. Oæ¨ö˺x ë¶E í£ÚÛ\-ûµjû¦ RDW)
has been ('be' form) + singing (ing)form 'been'Ñìo-í£±pè¶ ÍC 'be' form
Í÷±-꟪ÙC. be form + 1st RDW-
verb sentences
šíj ö˺, 'be' form + ing form shall have been - ÏC 'be' form. six forms of verb form
ö˺, Ð ö¶ë]ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d
ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙC ÚÛë¯. Íö°¸Þ– shall have -
ÏC 'be' form
Ú¥ë]ª. He was come- sentence Ú¥ë]ª.
They could be going there. Past Participle (PP)ÍÙç¶ êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? was come = was (be
could be (be form) + going (ing form). (PP) form) + come (past par-
go went gone ticiple)
see saw seen be form + past participle
do did done ÏC passive voice verb

ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 24 like liked


talk talked
liked
talked
Í÷àŸªa ÚÛë¯ Íû¶ ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù
OªÚÛª ô¦÷àŸªa. ÏÚÛ\è[
verb, V form have, has, had,
ö˺ šíjì àŸ«í‡Ù-#ì ÷³Üu-iì Nù£óŸªÙ come,
III form (verb ÷´èÁ ô¢«í£Ù) shall have, should have, etc., ö°Ùæ¨ î¦æ¨ go, walk, sit ö°Ùæ¨ verbs M. SURESAN
í£ÚÛ\ì past participle à¶J›úh Îcombination- ÚÛª passive voice ÑÙè[ë]ª.
Doing Words Oæ¨E ÷ªìÙ êµõª-ú£ª-Ú•E Ñû¦oÙ verb ÚÛª Ó÷-JE, ë¶EE ÍE ví£øŒo-î¶-óŸªÙè… Answer
verb Í÷±-꟪ÙC.
ÚÛë¯. eg: He has seen me. ÷›úh passive ÑÙåªÙC. Answer ô¦ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ pas-
1st Regular 2nd Regular Past verb: has seen - has + past participle (PP) sive ÑÙè[ë]ª.
Doing word Doing word Doing Word She will have gone by then. They came yesterday.
come comes came verb: will have gone- will have + gone (PP) verb came.
ÏÚÛ\è[ DE Íô¢nÙ– ‘÷à¦aô¢ª’ ÍE. Ó÷-
sing sings sang They should have done it. JE ÷à¦aô¢ª? ë¶EE ÷à¦aô¢ª? Íû¶ ví£øŒo-õÚÛª
do does did should have done - should have + done (PP) 'Answer' ô¦ë]ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d Oæ¨Ú¨ passive ÑÙè[ë]ª.
talk talks talked Ïö° NªÞœê¦ î¦æ¨êÁ ÚÛ«è¯. Íë¶ He writes books ö˺ 'writes' verb. ÍÙç¶
like
smell
likes
smells
liked
smelt
VI form (verb ÎôÁ ô¢«í£Ù) Íô¢nÙ ‘ô¦þ§hè[ª’ ÍE. ë¶EE ô¦þ§hè[ª? ÍÙç¶ ‘í£±ú£h-
Ú¥õª’ Íû¶ answer ÷ú£ªhÙC. DEÚ¨ passive êŸí£pÚÛ
Fine, thank you, How go your studies? Þœªô¢ªh à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙë¯Ù! 'be' form + past participle
ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ 'be' form past participle
í£ÚÛ\ì Ôëµjû¦
ÑÙåªÙC. Books are written by him ÍE pas-
sive àµí£p-÷àŸªa.
(state of being ÍÙç¶ ÑÙè[è[Ù) Ú¥F, subject ඛú Regular actions- vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ í£ìª- (PP)÷›úh ÍC verbÍ÷±-꟪ÙC.
í£EE (action) Ú¥F êµLóŸª-â¶-ú£ªhÙC. õÚÛªI, we, you, they 1st Regular Doing
Íô³ê¶ a) He was seen there yesterday.
Eg: He is here. word (1st RDW); He, She, It 2nd RDW
Íô³ê¶ verb: was seen- was (be form) + seen
ÍêŸ-E-ÚÛ\è[ Ñû¦oè[ª. î¦è[ê¦Ù. Oæ¨êÁnot Questions
Ú¥F, ö˺ Þ¥F (PP).
ÏÚÛ\è[ verb 'is' ÑÙè[-è¯Eo êµõªí£±-꟪ÙC. Íô³ê¶ 1st RDW 'do', 2nd RDW
êÁ 'does'
êÁ b) The snake has been killed.
Sunitha works hard. î¦è[ê¦Ù. ÏN ÷ªìÚÛª êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯. Íö°¸Þ Past verb: has been killed, has been (be form) +
Doing Word ìª ÞœêŸÙö˺ Ô çµjîªö˺ áJ-TÙëÁ êµL- killed (PP).
ví£øŒo: Were you there then yesterday?
ú£ªFêŸ ÚÛù£dí£è… í£E-à¶-ú£ªhÙC.
ÏÚÛ\è[ verb 'works' í£EE (action) êµõªí£±-êÁÙC ú‡- ÑÙç¶ Íåª-÷Ùæ¨actions Past
ÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù. c) It can be done.
ÚÛë¯! Doing Word not
E êÁ Ú¥F, Questions êÁ Ú¥F verb: can be done- can be (be form) + done
Eìo Oªô¢ª Íí£±pè[ª ÍÚÛ\è[ Ñû¦oô¦?
English ö˺ verb ÚÛª Îô¢ª ÚÛ#aêŸ-iì ô¢«ð§õª î¦è…ê¶ did ÷ú£ªhÙC. ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ OªÚÛª êµõªú£ª. (PP)
Ïö° ô¦óŸª-÷à¦a?
û¦õªÞÁ ô¢«í£Ù) – N. û¦ô¦-óŸª-é-·ôè…f, Të]l-õ«ô¢ª
Ñû¦oô³. Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁÙè…. Oªô¢ª Oª sentence ö˺ d) He had been killed before he was thrown
IV form (verb on the railway track.
î¦è¶ verb ÷ªìÙ àŸ«è[-òËºó¶ª Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§ö˺x (six
shall, will, should, would, verbs: had been killed - had been (be form) áî¦ñª: ô¦óŸª-÷àŸªa.
}
forms) ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙè[-ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ Oª sen-
tence correct Ú¥ë]ª. ÏÚÛ àŸ«è[Ùè…. can, could, may, might, + 1st RDW + killed (PP); ví£øŒo: ÖÚÛ î¦ô¦h-í£-vA-ÚÛö˺ ÷ªï‡°-ü‹-¸ÞóŸª ô¢àŸô³êŸE
was thrown- was (be form) + thrown (PP).
I form of the verb (verb îµ³ë]æ¨ ô¢«í£Ù)
must, need, ought, dare poet ÍE ú£Ùò˺-CÅÙ-à¦ô¢ª. poetess Íû¦L
Ð VI form of verb ÚÛª ÖÚÛ ví£ê¶u-ÚÛêŸ ÑÙC. Ð
I shall go there tomorrow.
– ·Ú. û¦Þœ-àµj-êŸìu, ð§óŸª-ÚÛ-ô¦÷±›íå
ÚÛë¯.
'be' forms verb form- 'be form + past participle'. Ð
verb- shall go. verb PASSIVE VOICE
áî¦ñª: English ö˺ ô¦ì« ô¦ì« gender dif-
ÏÚÛ\è[ DE ô¢«í£Ù–
am, is, are, was, were, shall be, should be, shall + go (1st Regular Doing Word)
ô¢«í£Ùö˺ Ñìo Óí£±pè[«
will be, would be, can be, could be, may be, ö˺ ÑÙåªÙC. verb- English passive voice
ö˺
Srinu will help me. ference (LÙÞœ-òŶë]Ù) ð§æ¨Ù-àŸè[Ù êŸT_-ð¼-êÁÙC.
might be, must be, ought be, dare be, need verb: will help- will + help (1st RDW)
ö˺ Ñìoí£±pè[ª êµõª-Þœªö˺ ‘ñè[ª’ ÍE Íô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC. poet ÚÛ÷ô³v꟪õÚÛ« î¦è[è[Ù þ§ëů-ô¢-é-÷ª-÷±-êÁÙC.
be a) He was seen here yesterday.
They can sing. êŸí£±p ö¶ë]ª ÍÙåª-û¦oô¢ª.
I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 30 Vöµj 2005

Sasank: Where is your brother, Radha? 4. (C)


(ô¦ëů, Oª vñë]ô ÓÚÛ\è[?) 5. (W) Correct form: The snake has
Radha: He coming slowly. I seen him a few been/had been/will have been (any
minutes ago. such 'be' form) + killed.
(ÍêŸìª Eë¯-ìÙÞ¥ ÷ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. Ú•Cl ENª- 6. (W) Correct form: The book is/ was/
ÿ§õ Ú¨Ùë]å ÍêŸè…E àŸ«ø‹) has/ been (any be form) + stolen
Sasank: Look here, Radha. Your words, 'He 7. (W) Correct form: The class is/ was/ will
coming slowly', and 'I seen him a be going on.
few minutes ago' are not sentences
8. (W) Correct form: We have/ had/ will
because there are no verbs in them,
have etc. + known him
they don't have complete meaning.
9. (C) - Past Doing Word
(F ÷«åö˺x 'he coming slowly', 'I
10. (C) - has been + killed (PP) - Passive vÚÛ÷ªÙ-êŸ-í£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo Ú¥F àµñªê¦ô³. õìª êµL›í verbs - like, love etc.)
seen him a few minutes ago'
voice am- I êÁ; he, she, it- is êÁ; you, we, II) verbs expressing actions of the mind.
verbs
î¦Ú¥uõª Ú¥÷±. î¦æ¨ö˺x ö¶÷±.
verbs ÚÛ·ô-ÚÂdÞ¥ form à¶ú‡-ì-í£±pè¶ ÷ªì sen- they- are êÁ ÷þ§hô³. (÷ªì ñªClÄÚ¨, Îö˺-àŸ-ìõÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì
î¦æ¨Ú¨ Íô¢nÙ í£²Jh Ú¥ö¶ë]ª ÚÛë¯)
tences II) was, were ÞœêŸÙö˺ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo àµñªê¦ô³. verbs - know, understand etc.)
Radha: But 'coming' and 'seen' are verbs. ÚÛ·ô-ÚÛd-÷±-ê¦ô³ ÚÛë¯. ÏÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛ« ÷ªìÙ
III) shall be, will be òÅ¡N-ù£u-꟪hö˺ ÑÙè[è¯Eo
Why to doubt that? û¶ô¢ªaÚÛªìo-ë¶Ùæ¨? III) certain other verbs like appear, belong
a) subject - sentence ë¶EE ÞœªJÙ# àµñª-êÁÙëÁ
(coming, seen verbs ÚÛë¯?, Íìª- àµñªê¦ô³. etc.
IV) have been (I, We, You, TheyêÁ), has
÷«ìÙ ë¶EÚ¨?) ÍC. been (he, she, itêÁ) ÞœêŸÙö˺ Óí£pæ¨
Sasank: 'coming' is only an 'ing' form, and b) Verb - sentence ö˺ subject êŸô¦yêŸ Ô
'seen' is just a past participle. In our ÷«-å/-÷«-åõª ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ sentence ÑÙè[ëÁ ìªÙàÁ, Ïí£pæ¨÷ô¢ÚÛªÞ¥E, ÏÙÚ¥-Þ¥F ÑÙè[-

Íô¢nÙ ÍÙê¦ ÍÙë]ªö˺û¶!


last article, we have seen the six ÍC/-ÍN verb. è¯Eo àµñªê¦ô³.
forms of verbs.
šíj÷Fo ÑÙè[-è¯Eo ൛íp 'be' forms.

a) 'be' form + ing form is a verb c) English verb six forms ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ form f) subject action
ඛú í£ìª-õìª êµLóŸª-⶛ú î¦æ¨E
b) 'be' form/ have/ has/ will have/ ö˺ ÑÙè¯L. words ÍÙæ°Ù. Oæ¨ö˺x1st Regular Doing
shall have etc + past participle is d) English ö˺ statement ÚÛª (ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ Words (come, go, take, sit verbs - I,
ö°Ùæ¨
a verb. Nù£óŸªÙ ൛íp sentence) , question ÚÛª we, you, they 2nd Regular
êÁ î¦è[ê¦Ù),
(coming Íû¶C ¸Ú÷õÙ 'ing' form, + order of words ö˺ à¦ö° ê¶è¯ ÑÙåªÙC. Doing Words (comes, goes, takes, sits
seen Íû¶C past participle- ing i) Statement structure: subject + verb ö°Ùæ¨ verbs - He,
Oæ¨E
form ÷³Ùë]ª 'be' form ÑÙç¶ verb
Í÷±- ii) Question structure: She, It êÁ î¦è[ê¦Ù)
꟪ÙC. + past participle÷³Ùë]ª 'be' 1) verb + subject vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ
form Ú¥F have/ has/ had/ shall have Regular Actions ÚÛª Ñí£-
÷Ùæ¨N ÑÙç¶ verbÍ÷±-꟪ÙC. Ï÷Fo óµ«-Tþ§hÙ. There are no verbs in your sentences
÷ªìÙ Ú¨Ùë]æ¨ î¦uú£Ùö˺ àŸ«ø‹Ù.) i) 1st Regular Doing
Radha: So, you say a sentence in English Word Question
ìª ö˺ IV) verbs of sense perception.

ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 25
must have a verb- one of the six not
Þ¥E, êÁÞ¥F î¦è…ê¶ (ò°›ï°uÙvCóŸ«õ í£ìª-õÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ# am/
forms we saw in last article. do ÷ú£ªhÙC. M. SURESAN is/ are ing ÑÙè[÷±. am/ is/ are looking,
(ÍÙç¶English sentence correct Þ¥ ii) 2nd Regular Doing listening î¦è[-÷àŸªa.)
ÑÙè¯-õÙç¶ ÞœêŸ î¦uú£Ùö˺ N÷-JÙ-#ìåªxÞ¥ 2) 1st word of the verb + subject + Word Question
ìª not ö˺ޥE, êÁÞ¥F V) have ÚÛª Aìè[Ù/ ê¦Þœè[Ù Íô¢nÙ Íô³ê¶ am
verb Îô¢ªô¢«ð§ö˺x ÖÚÛæ¨Þ¥ ÑÙè¯L.) other words of the verb. (verb ö˺ î¦è…ê¶does ÷ú£ªhÙC. having/ is having/ are having î¦è[÷àŸªa.
Sasank: That's right g) Past Doing Words (came, went, took, sat
·ôÙè[ª ÷´è[ª ÷«å-õªÙç¶...) NªÞœê¦ Íô¦n-õêÁ am/ is/ are having î¦è[Ù.
Questions ·ôÙè[ª ô¢Ú¥õª:
(Í÷±ìª) ö°Ùæ¨ verbs) ÞœêŸÙö˺ Ôçµj-îªö˺ áJ-TÙD êµL›úh Bath ÚÛª am/ is/ are having î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Ú¨ÙCî¦æ¨ö˺x correct verbs ìª ÞœªJhÙ-àŸÙè…. Íåª-÷Ùæ¨ í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
1) 'Wh' questions- what, when, etc., Past Doing Word ìª not êÁÞ¥E, Question i) English verbs six forms ö˺ ÑÙæ°ô³. Î
verb correct Íô³ê¶ brackets ö˺ (c) ô¦óŸªÙè…. êÁ
êŸí£p-ô³ê¶ (w) šíådÙè…. verb form correct Ú¥ÚÛ- vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡÷ªó¶ªuN. êÁÞ¥F î¦è…ê¶ did ÷ú£ªhÙC. six forms ö˺ ö¶E î¦æ¨E verbs ÍìÙ.
ð¼ê¶, correct verb formô¦óŸªÙè…. verb correct 2) Non 'wh' questions- what, when etc šíjì àµí‡pìî¶ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ Ú•Eo vocabulary items
h) am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing form (be form
Íô³ê¶ ÍC Ô form verb Í÷±-꟪ÙëÁ ô¦óŸªÙè…. ö¶EN. Ô ô¢ÚÛ-iû¦subject ÷³Ùë]ª + ing form) verbs Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ. ÷ªìÙ ëµjìÙ-Cì @N-êŸÙö˺
eg: verb verb
Ú¥E, îµ³ë]-æ¨-÷«å Ú¥F ÑÙè… î¦è¶ ÷ú£ªh-÷±õÚÛª, ÷ªì ÏÙæ¨Ú¨, Cì-àŸ-ô¢uõÚÛª, ÷ªìÚÛª
subject, verb
î¦è[ê¦Ù.
1) He was do it (W) êŸô¦yêŸ Î êŸô¦yêŸ NªÞœê¦ Íô³ê¶ Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õìª àµí£p- ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ÷à¶a áñªs-õÚÛª, ÏêŸô¢ ò°ëÅ]-õÚÛª, ÷ªì-
He was doing it (C) ÷«åõª ÷þ§hô³. è¯E·Újû¦, Ú•Eo ô¢Ú¥õ verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ÚÛ-ë]-L-ÚÛõÚÛª English ÷«åõª êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ.
He did it. e) verbs ö˺ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo ൛íp verbs ìª 'be'
ing/ are + ing form ö˺ î¦è[Ù. ÍN– DE-êÁ-ò°åª Ú•Eo principles of pronunciation
2) She looking at it (W) forms ÍÙæ°Ù.
I) verbs expressing feelings and emotions. (English Ñà¦a-ô¢é ú£«vê¦õª) ÚÛ«è¯ êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ.
She is/was/any be form looking at it. (C) I) am, is, are - ví£ú£ªhêŸÙ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo Ú¥E,
(òÅ°î¦-õìª, ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-
3) They have seen me (C)
(have + past participle)
Exercise:
ví£øŒo: 1) The match is to start. î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ÷´èÁ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ÚÛÙç¶ vð§ô¢Ù- a) ví£ú£ªhêŸÙö˺ ÷«vêŸî¶ª ÑÙå« òÅ¡N-ù£u-êÂö˺
2) The match is going to start. òÅ¡÷ªó¶ªu ÷u÷CÅ êŸÚÛª\÷. ö¶E ú£Ùë¶-Eo ÷uÚÛhí£J-à¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª 'might'
1. They know me.
2. She seen him.
3) The match is about to start. ví£øŒo: One word substitutions ÍÙç¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Oæ¨ ÷ªëÅ]u ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨? Oæ¨E êµõª- eg: Hari might help you.
3. They are take coffee.
ÔNªæ¨? Oæ¨E Óö° Ñí£-óµ«-T-þ§hôÁ
4. She will help him.
Þœªö˺ Óö° àµð§pL. êµL-óŸª-â¶-óŸª-Þœ-õô¢ª. might E ÓEo (J FÚÛª ú£ï£„óŸªÙ à¶óŸª-÷àŸªa/ à¶þ§h-
5. The snake been killed. – Ú•í£±põ ô¢N-ÚÛª-÷«ôÂ, ÷ô¢Ù-ÞœöËÀ ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x Ñí£-óµ«-T-þ§hô¢ª? è¶îµ«– ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù)
6. The book stolen. áî¦ñª: – è…. ô¢OÙ-ë]ô ·ôè…f, áìÞ¥Ù They might leave tomorrow.

7. The class going on. 1) The match is to start- áî¦ñª: Ú•Eo ÷«åõ ÚÛ«ô¢ªp Ïà¶a Íô¦nEo
DE Íô¢nÙ (î¦üŒ‰x ¸ôí£± îµü‹h-¸ô/ îµüŒx-÷àŸªa –
8. We known him. match vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡ÙÚ¥î¦L/ Í÷±-꟪ÙC êµLóŸªâ¶›ú ÖÚÛ ÷«åìª one word substi-
ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù).
9. They saw him yesterday. Past ö˺ ú£Ùë¶-Eo ÷uÚÛh-í£-ô¢-àŸ-è¯-EÚ¨, 'might'
Ú¥›úqí£æ˺x ÍE. ÏÙêŸ-÷-ô¢ÚÛª Í÷-ö¶ë]ª ÍE. tute (one word substitution Ú¥ë]ª)
10. The snake has been killed. 2) The match is about to start- Ú•Cl î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦æ¨E ð¼õaÙè…–
ÍÙæ°Ù. a) I think he may help me.
Answers: ¤Ûé°ö˺x match vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡-÷ª-÷±êÁÙC ÍE. eg: one who does not believe that god
3) The match is going to start- match exists.
(î¦è[ª û¦ÚÛª ú£ï£„óŸªÙ à¶þ§h-è¶--ìE/
1. (C) I Regular Doing Word. (ë¶÷±-è[ª-û¦o-è[E ì÷ªtE î¦è[ª – û¦ú‡h-
vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥ìªÙC. àµóŸªu-÷-àŸaE û¶ì-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o.)
2. (W) Correct form: She has/ will have/ ÚÛªè[ª) Ð ÷«åõ îµ³êŸhÙ Íô¦nEo êµL›í Ö¸Ú
·ôÙèÁî¦ÚÛuÙ about to start ö˺ ÷u÷CÅ à¦ö° b) I thought he might help me.
would have + seen him ÷«å – atheist (ÓóÀª-CÇ-ô³úÃd). Ú¥ñæ¨d (î¦è[ª û¦ÚÛª ú£ï£„-óŸªÙ- à¶-þ§h-è¶--ìE/
3. (W) Correct form: They are taking cof- êŸÚÛª\÷. ÏÚÛ\è[ 'atheist' Íû¶C one word substi-
fee. ÷´èÁî¦ÚÛuÙö˺ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥ò˺-êÁÙC. ·ôÙèÁ tute.
àµóŸªu-÷-àŸaE Íìª-ÚÛªû¦o past).