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SMK TUNKU AMPUAN DURAH, SEREMBAN



















TRIAL STPM 2014 - TERM 1
MATHEMATICS M (950/1)



MARK SCHEME









2

SECTION A
1. (a) ( ) ln , , 0 g x x x R x = e > , ( ) 1 , , 1 h x x x R x = + e >

( ) ( )
( ) 1
f x gh x
g x
=
= +

( ) ln 1 , , 1 x x R x = + e > B1
Graph:

Shape of graph D1
Intersection at x = 0
and line x = -1 D1






R
f
= (- , ) or {f(x) e R } B1

(b) ( )
1
,
x
g x e x R

= e A1
( )
1
1, , 0 h x x x R x

= e > A1

(c) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
1 g h x g x

=

1 x
e

= A1
Thus,
1 1 1
: , 0
x
g h x e x

> A1
Graph:
Shape of graph D1
Intersection
y = 1/e D1 [10]







2. (a) 3 , 2 a r = =

( )
1
1
n
n
a r
S
r

=



( )
3 2 1
2 1
n
n
G

=

M1


( )
3 2 1
n
n
G = A1


x
y
0
-1
x
y
0
1
e


3

(b)
( )
1 1
3 2 1
N N
n
n
n n
G
= =
=



1 1
3 2 3
N N
n
n n = =
=

M1

( )
2 3
3 2 2 2 .. 2 3
N
N = + + + + M1

( )
2 2 1
3 3
2 1
N
N
| |

=
|
\ .
M1
= 2[3(2
N
1 )] 3N
=2G
N
3N A1 [6]


3.
2 1 3 1
3 1 4 7
5 2 6 5
| |
|

|
|

\ .

1 2 1 6
3 1 4 7
5 2 6 5
| |
|

|
|

\ .


1 2 1 6
0 5 1 11
0 12 1 25
| |
|

|
|

\ .


1 2 1 6
1 11
0 1
5 5
0 12 1 25
| |
|

|
|
|

\ .


1 2 1 6
1 11
0 1
5 5
7 7
0 0
5 5
| |
|

|

|
|
|
|
\ .


1 2 1 6
1 11
0 1
5 5
0 0 1 1
| |
|

|
|
|
\ .



2 6
1 11
5 5
1
x y z
y z
z
=
=
=



R2 R1 = R1
R2 3R1 = R2
R3 5R1 = R3
R2 5= R2
M1
M1
M1
M1
R3 12R2 = R3
M1
5
3
7
R

M1
B1


4

By back substitution,

( )
1 11
1
5 5
2
y
y
=
=


( )
2 2 1 6
3
x
x
=
=


Solution of the system (3,-2,1) A1 [9]

4. (a)
3
u x =

2
2
3
3
du
x
dx
du x dx
=
=


5
3
3
1
x
dx
x
}
( )
3 2
3
3
1
x x dx
x
=

}


1
u
du
u
=

}
M1

1
1
1
du
u
= +

}

= u + ln |u 1| + c A1
= x
3
+ ln|x
3
1| + c A1
(b)

4
4 4 2 2
2 2 2
1
ln ln
2 2
x x
x x dx x dx
x
(
| |
=
|
(
\ .
} }
M1

( )
4 4
2 2
ln 8ln 4 2ln 2
2
x
x x dx dx =
} }


( )
4
2
2
2
8ln 4 ln 2
4
x (
=
(



( ) | |
8ln4 ln4 4 1 =
7ln4 3 = A1 [7]

5. xy
2
= 3x
3
+ 2y
Using implicit differentiation

2 2
2 9 2
dy dy
x y y x
dx dx
| |
+ = +
|
\ .
M1
( )
2 2
2 2 9
dy
xy x y
dx
= M1

2 2
9
2 2
dy x y
dx xy

A1
Substiute x = 1 ,
2
3 2 y y = + M1

2
2 3 0 y y =
( )( ) 3 1 0 y y + =
3, 1 y = A1
M1
M1
M1


5

Since y is negative, thus point (1,-1)

( ) ( )
( )( )
2 2
9 1 1
2
2 1 1 2
dy
dx

= =

A1 [6]


6. The rate of growth,
dP
P
dt


dP
kP
dt
= A1

dP
kP
dt
=
} }


dP
k dt
P
=
} }

ln P kt c = + , or P = e
kt + c
B1
P = Ae
kt
where A = e
c


At t = 0,
0
ln P c = or A = P
0
B1

0
ln ln P kt P = +

0
0
ln
kt
P
kt
P
P
e
P
=
=


0
kt
P Pe =


( ) 50 0
0
2
ln 2 50
k
P
e
P
k
=
=



1
ln 2
50
k = B1

1
ln2
50
0
t
P Pe
| |
|
\ .
= B1


1
ln2
50
0 0
3
t
P Pe
| |
|
\ .
= M1

1
ln3 ln 2
50
ln3
1
ln 2
50
t
t
| |
=
|
\ .
=

79.25 t years = A1 [7]









6

2 1 1
2
1 1
2 2
2 2
x
x or
x x
< <
< < < <
SECTION B

7.(a)
B1
( ) ( ) 5 2 1 2 x A x B x = + +
2 , x = 5 10 B = M1
2 B =

1
,
2
x =
5 5
2 2
A =
1 A= A1(both)

A1

(i)


















(ii)




Expansion is valid if
1 1
{ }
2 2
x < <


7. (b)
1 1 2
0.2976
1 1 10
2 1 2
10 10
f
| |
= =
|
| |
\ .
+
|
\ .


2 3
1 5 1 15 1 65 1
0.2956
10 2 10 4 10 8 10
f
| | | | | | | |
= + + ~
| | | |
\ . \ . \ . \ .
M1A1(both)
Error =0.2976 0.2956 = 0.002 A1 [3]
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( )( )( )
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
2 3
2 3
1 2 2 2
1 2 2 2 1
2
1 2 1
2
1 2 1 2 3
1 1 2 2 2 ...
2! 2!
1 2 1 2 3
1 1 ...
2 2! 2 2! 2
x x
x
x
x
x
x x x
x x x

= +
(
| |
= +
(
|
\ .
(

| |
= +
|
\ .
(
= + + + +
(

(

| | | | | |
+ + + +
(
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
(

( )( )
5
1 2 2 1 2 2
x A B
x x x x
= +
+ +
( )( )
5 1 2
1 2 2 1 2 2
x
x x x x
=
+ +
( )
1 2
1 2 2
f x
x x
=
+
M1
M1A1
M1A1
( )
2 3
2 3
2 3
1 2 4 8 ... 1 ...
2 4 8
5 15 65
...
2 4 8
x x x
x x x
x x x
| |
= + + + + + +
|
\ .
= + + +
A1
M1
A1 [12]


7

8. (a) x = 1, x = -3 B1
y = 0 B1

(b) ( )
( )( )
2 3
1 3
x
f x
x x

=
+


( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2 3 2 2 3 2 2
'
2 3
2 4 6 4 2 6
2 3
2 6
2 3
x x x x
f x
x x
x x x x
x x
x x
x x
+ +
=
+
+
=
+
+
=
+


f(x) = 0 , -2x
2
+ 6x = 0 M1
2x(3 x) = 0
x = 0 , x = 3
y = 1 ,
1
4
y =
Stationary points (0,1) ,
1
3,
4
| |
|
\ .
A1

x x < 0 x = 0 x > 0
f(x) - 0 +
tangent
(0,1) is a minimum point A1

x x < 3 x = 3 x > 3
f(x) - 0 +
tangent

1
3,
4
| |
|
\ .
is a maximum point A1

(c ) f(x) is increasing if f (x) > 0

( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2 6
0
2 3
2 6 0
2 3 0
x x
x x
x x
x x
+
>
+
+ >
>







{ x : 0 < x < 3 , x = 1} A1
A1
M1
M1
|
0
|
3
x

( + )

M1
M1


8


(d)



















x
D1
D1
D1 all correct

3/2


0
y
(0,1) -
x (3, )
x = 1 x = -3
[15]