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REGULATIONS (2009), CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS FOR B.Tech.

(ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING) 2011 - 2015 BATCH (Updated upto June 2011)

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

REGULATIONS - 2009 FOR B.TECH. DEGREE PROGRAMMES

(With modifications incorporated in June - 2011)


1.0 i) ii) iii) PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS & NOMENCLATURE In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires: "Programme" means B.Tech. Degree Programme "Branch" means specialization or discipline of B.Tech Degree Programme like Civil Engineering, Polymer Technology, etc., "Course" means a theory or practical subject that is normally studied in a semester, like Mathematics, Physics, Engineering Graphics, Computer Practice, etc., "University" means B.S.Abdur Rahman University. "Dean (Academic Courses)" means Dean (Academic Courses) of B.S. Abdur Rahman University. "Dean (Students)" means Dean(Students) of B.S.Abdur Rahman University

iv) v) vi)

vii) "Controller of Exams" means the Controller of Examination of B.S. Abdur Rahman University, who is responsible for conduct of examinations and declaration of results. 2.0 ADMISSION 2.1 a) Candidates for admission to the first semester of the eight semester B.Tech. degree programme shall be required to have passed the Higher Secondary Examination of the (10+2) curriculum (Academic stream) prescribed by the appropriate authority or any other examination of any university or authority accepted by the University as equivalent thereto. 2.1 b) Candidates for admission to the third semester of the eight semester B.Tech. programme under lateral entry scheme shall be required to have passed the Diploma examination in Engineering / Technology of the Department of Technical Education, Government of Tamilnadu or any other examination of any other authority accepted by the University as equivalent there to. 2.2 Notwithstanding the qualifying examination the candidate might have passed, the candidate shall also write an entrance examination prescribed by the University for admission. The entrance examination shall test the proficiency of the candidate in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry on the standards prescribed for plus two academic stream.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

2.3 3.0 3.1

The eligibility criteria such as marks, number of attempts and physical fitness shall be as prescribed by the University from time to time. BRANCHES OF STUDY Regulations are applicable to the following B.Tech. degree programmes in various branches of Engineering and Technology, each distributed over eight semesters with two semesters per academic year. Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering Aeronautical Engineering Automobile Engineering Polymer Technology Electrical and Electronics Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Computer Science and Engineering Information Technology

B.TECH. DEGREE PROGRAMMES:

4.0 4.1

STRUCTURE OF PROGRAMMES: Every Programme will have a curriculum with syllabi consisting of theory and practical courses such as, i) ii) iii) iv) General core courses comprising mathematics, basic sciences, engineering sciences, humanities and engineering arts. Core courses of Engineering / Technology Elective courses for specialization in related fields. Workshop practice, laboratory work, industrial training, seminar presentation, project work, education tours, etc.,

v) NCC/NSS/NSO/YRC activities for character development. 4.2 Each course is normally assigned certain number of credits with one credit per lecture period per week, one credit per tutorial period per week, one credit for two - three periods of laboratory or practical or seminar or project work per week and one credit for four weeks of industrial training during semester vacations.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

4.3 4.4

Each semester curriculum shall normally have a blend of lecture courses not exceeding six and practical courses not exceeding four. For the award of the degree, a student has to earn certain minimum total number of credits specified in the curriculum of the relevant branch of study. This minimum will lie between 175 and 185 credits, depending on the branch. The medium of instruction, examinations and project report will be English, except for courses on languages other than English. DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME A student is ordinarily expected to complete the B.Tech. programme in eight semesters (six semesters in the case of lateral entry student), but in any case not more than 14 semesters (12 semesters in the case of lateral entry student). Each semester shall normally consist of around 90 working days or 450 working hours. Semester end examination will normally follow immediately after the last working day of the semester.

4.5 5.0

6.0

FACULTY ADVISOR To help the students in planning their courses of study and for general counseling on the academic programme, the Head of the Department of the student will attach a certain number of students to a teacher of the Department who shall function as Faculty Advisor for the students throughout their period of study. Such Faculty Advisor shall advise the students and approve the courses to be taken by the students during registration and enrolment every semester.

7.0

COMMON COURSE COMMITTEE Each common theory course offered to more than one discipline or group, shall have a "Course Committee" comprising all the teachers teaching the common course with one of them nominated as Course Coordinator. The nomination of the course Co-coordinator shall be made by the Head of the Department / Dean (Academics), depending on whether all the teachers teaching the common course belong to the same department / different departments.

8.0

CLASS COMMITTEE During first semester, a common Class Committee will be constituted for all branches by the Dean (Academic Courses). During other semesters, separate Class Committees will be constituted by the respective Head of the Department of the students.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

8.1

The first semester Class Committee composition will be as follows: i) ii) iii) iv) Course Co-coordinators of all common courses. Teachers of all other individual courses. One male and one female first semester student of each branch of B.Tech, to be nominated by the Head of the Institution. All first semester Faculty Advisors as optional Special Invitees.

8.2

The composition of the class committee for each branch of B.Tech , from 2nd to 8th semester, will be as follows: i) ii) iii) One senior faculty member preferably not teaching to the concerned class, appointed as Chairman by the Head of the Department Teachers of individual courses Two students, (preferably one male and one female) of the class per group of 30 students or part thereof, to be nominated by the Head of the Department, in consultation with the faculty advisors. All faculty advisors of the class Teacher-in-charge of UG programme Head of the Department

iv) v) vi) 8.3

The class committee shall meet at least thrice during the semester. The first meeting will be held within two weeks from the date of class commencement, in which the type of assessments, like test, assignment, assignment based test etc., will be decided for the first, second and third assessments. The second meeting will be held within a week after the date of first assessment report, to review the students' performance and for follow up action. The third meeting will be held within a week after the second assessment report, to review the students' performance and for follow up action. During these three meetings the student members representing the entire class, shall meaningfully interact and express opinions and suggestions of the class students to improve the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process. The class committee, excluding the student members and the invited members, shall meet within 10 days from the last day of the end-semester examination to analyse the performance of the students in all the components of assessments and decide the grades secured by students in each course. The grades in a common course shall be decided by the concerned course committee and shall be presented to the class committee(s) by the concerned course coordinator.
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8.4

8.5

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

9.0 9.1

REGISTRATION AND ENROLMENT Except for the first semester, every student shall register for the ensuing semester during a specified week before the end semester examination of the current semester. Every student shall submit a completed Registration form indicating the list of courses intended to be credited during the ensuing semester. Late registration with the approval of Dean (AC) along with a late fee will be permitted up to the last working day of the current semester. From the second semester onwards, all students shall pay the prescribed fees for the semester on a specific day at the beginning of the semester confirming the registered courses. Late enrolment, with the approval of Head of the Institution along with a late fee, will be permitted up to two weeks from the date of commencement of classes. If a student does not enroll, his/her name will be removed from rolls. The students of first semester shall register and enroll at the time of admission by paying the prescribed fees. A student should have registered for all preceding semesters before registering for a particular semester. CHANGE OF A COURSE A student can change a course within a period of 15 days from the commencement of the course, with the approval of the Dean(AC), on the recommendation of the Head of the Department of the student.

9.2

9.3 9.4 10.1

10.2

WITHDRAWAL FROM A COURSE A student can withdraw from a course at any time before the second assessment for genuine reasons, with the approval of the Dean(AC), on the recommendation of the Head of the Department of the student.

11.0 TEMPORARY BREAK OF STUDY FROM A PROGRAMME A student can take a one time temporary break of study covering the current semester and/or next semester period with the approval of the Head of the Institution at any time before the start of third assessment of current semester, within the maximum period of 14 or 12 semesters as the case may be. If any students is debarred for want of attendance or suspended due to any act of indiscipline it will not be considered as break of study. 12.0 CREDIT LIMIT FOR ENROLMENT & MOVEMENT TO HIGHER SEMESTER 12.1 A student can enroll for a maximum of 30 credits during a semester period including redo courses.
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12.2

The minimum credits required to move to 3rd semester B.Tech shall be 10 credits earned in the 1st semester. There will be no such minimum credit requirement to move to the remaining 4th to 8th semesters. A student who has not satisfied the NCC/NSS/NSO/YRC requirements (vide clause 19) will not be eligible to register for the fifth semester courses, even though he / she may satisfy all other requirements. SUMMER TERM COURSES A student can register for a maximum of three courses during summer term, If such courses are offered by the concerned department during the summer term. Fast-track summer courses of 30 periods for 3 credit courses and 40 periods for 4 credit courses will be offered for students with I grades. They may also opt to redo such courses during regular semesters with slotted time-tables. The Head of the Department, in consultation with the department consultative committee and with the approval of the Head of the Institution may arrange for the conduct of a few courses during the summer term, depending on the availability of teachers during summer and subject to a specified minimum number of students registering for each of such courses. However, in the case of students who have completed eighth semester, but having arrears in the earlier semesters in a maximum of two courses, summer courses may be offered, even if less than minimum students are registering for the course. The number of contact hours and the assessment procedure for any course during summer term will be the same as those during regular semesters except that there is no provision either for withdrawal from a summer term course or for substitute examination. ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE AND PERCENTAGE WEIGHTAGE OF MARKS Every theory course shall have a total of four assessments during a semester as given below:

12.3

13.0 13.1

13.2

13.3

13.4

14.0 14.1

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Assessment 1 Assessment 2 Assessment 3 Semester End Exam

1 to 4 5 to 8 9 to 12 1 to 18 ( full course)

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1.5 hours 1.5 hours 1.5 hours 3 hours

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

14.2 The pattern of questions, for at least one of the tests, shall be the same as stipulated for the semester end examination by the University. Teachers handling courses are given the option to substitute with other suitable alternate type of evaluation approved by the class committee and the HOD. The details of such a scheme shall be announced to the students and informed to the Dean(AC) at the beginning of the semester. 14.3 14.4 Every practical course will have 75% weightage for laboratory assessment and 25% for semester end examination. In the case of Industrial training, the student shall submit a report, which will be evaluated along with an oral examination by a committee of teachers, constituted by the Head of the department. A progress report from the industry will also be taken into account for evaluation. In the case of project work, a committee of teachers constituted by the Head of the Department will carry out three periodic reviews. Based on the project report submitted by the student, an oral examination (viva-voce) will be conducted as the end-semester examination, for which one external examiner, approved by the Controller of Examinations, will be included. The weightage for periodic review will be 50% and remaining 50% for the semester end examination. Assessment of seminars and comprehension will be carried out by a committee of teachers constituted by the Head of the Department. SUBSTITUTE EXAMINATIONS A student who has missed, for genuine reasons, a maximum of two of the four assessments of a course may be permitted to write a substitute examination. However, permission to take up a substitute examination will be given under exceptional circumstances, such as accident or admission to a hospital due to illness, etc. A student who misses any assessment in a course shall apply in a prescribed form to the Dean (AC) through the Head of the department within a week from the date of missed assessment. However the substitute tests and examination for a course will be conducted within two weeks after the last day of the end-semester examinations. PASSING AND DECLARATION OF RESULTS AND GRADE SHEET All assessments of a course will be made on absolute marks basis. However, the Class Committee without the student members and the invited members

14.5

14.6 15.0 15.1

15.2

16.0 16.1

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

shall meet within 10 days after the end-semester examinations and analyse the performance of students in all assessments of a course and award letter grade. The letter grades and the corresponding grade points are as follows:

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S A B C D E U I W

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10 9 8 7 6 5 0 ---

"W" denotes withdrawal from the course "I" denotes inadequate attendance in the course and hence prevention from writing semester end examination. "U" denotes unsuccessful performance in the course. 16.2 A student who earns a minimum of five grade points in a course is declared to have successfully completed the course. Such a course cannot be repeated by the student The results, after awarding of grades, shall be signed by the Chairman of the Class Committee and Head of the Department and declared by the Controller of Examinations. Within two weeks from the commencement of classes for the next semester, a student can apply for revaluation of his / her semester end examination answer paper in a course, on payment of a prescribed fee, through proper application to Dean(AC), who shall constitute a revaluation committee consisting of Chairman of the Class Committee as convener, the teacher of the course and a senior member of faculty knowledgeable in that course. The committee shall meet within a week to revalue the answer paper and submit its report to the Controller of Examinations for consideration and decision After results are declared, grade sheets shall be issued to each student, which will contain the following details. The list of courses enrolled during the semester including summer term courses, if any, and the grade scored, the Grade Point Average (GPA) for the semester and the Cumulative Grade
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16.3

16.4

16.5

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Point Average (CGPA) of all courses enrolled from first semester onwards. GPA is the ratio of the sum of the products of the number of credits of courses registered and the points corresponding to the grades scored in those courses, taken for all the courses, to the sum of the number of credits of all the courses in the semester, including summer courses, if any. If Ci, is the number of credits assigned by for ith course and GPi is the Grade Point obtained in the ith course

GPA =

(Ci )( GPi )
i

Ci
i

The Cumulative Grade Point Average CGPA shall be calculated in a similar manner, considering all the courses enrolled from first semester. "I" and "W" grades will be excluded for calculating GPA . "U", "I" and "W" grades will be excluded for calculating CGPA 16.6 After successful completion of the programme, the Degree will be awarded with the following classifications based on CGPA.

First Class with Distinction

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8.50 and above and passing all examinations in the first appearance and completing the programme within the normal 8 or 6(for lateral entry) semesters. 6.50 and above and completing the programme within a maximum of 10 or 8 (for lateral entry) semesters. All others

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First Class

Second Class

17.0 ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT AND COURSE REPETITION 17.1 A student shall earn 100% attendance in the contact periods of every course, subject to a maximum relaxation of 25% for genuine reasons like on medical grounds, representing the University in approved events etc., to become eligible to appear for the end-semester examination in that course, failing which the student shall be awarded "I" grade in that course. If the course is
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

a core course, the candidate should register for and repeat the course when it is offered next. 17.2 The teacher of each course shall cumulate the attendance details for the semester and furnish the names of the students who have not earned the required attendance in that course to the Dean(AC) through the Head of the Department. There upon, the Dean (AC) shall announce, course-wise, the names of such students prevented from writing the semester end examination in each course. A student should register to re-do a core course wherein "I" or "W" grade is awarded. If the student is awarded, "I", or "W" grade in an elective course either the same elective course may be repeated or a new elective course may be taken. A student who is awarded 'U' grade in a course will have the option of either to write semester end arrear exam at the end of the subsequent semesters, or to redo the course during summer term / regular semester. If a student chooses to write the semester end arrear examination for the course, the grade will be calculated based on either continuous assessment marks already earned along with marks of the arrear examination or the arrear examination marks only, whichever is higher. The above procedure will be applicable for the First Year (First and Second Semester) and not for the remaining B.Tech Programmes. From the Third Semester onwards the marks earned earlier in the continuous assessment for the course, will be used for grading along with the marks earned in the Semester end arrear examination for the course. 18.0 18.1 ELECTIVE CHOICE: OPTION TO DO PROJECT ALONE IN FINAL SEMESTER Apart from the various elective courses listed in the curriculum for each branch of specialization, the student can choose a maximum of two electives from any other specialization under any department, during the entire period of study, with the approval of the Head of the parent department and the Head of the other department offering the course.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

18.2

In the curriculum of eighth semester, along with the project work, if two elective courses alone are listed, then the Head of the Institution may permit a student, as per approved guidelines, on the recommendation of the Head of the department, to do a full semester major industrial project work. In such a case, the above two elective courses or any other two elective courses in lieu thereof have to be enrolled during any semester including the summer, preceding or succeeding the project work, if offered. PERSONALITY AND CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT All students shall enroll, on admission, in any of the personality and character development programmes, NCC / NSS / NSO/YRC and undergo practical training.
l

19.0 19.1

National Cadet Corps (NCC) will have to undergo specified number of parades. National Service Scheme (NSS) will have social service activities in and around Chennai. National Sports Organisation (NSO) will have sports, games, drills and physical exercises. Youth Red Cross (YRC) will have social service activities in and around Chennai. Every student shall put in a minimum of 75% attendance in the practical training specified by the concerned authority. Normally this is to be completed during the first year. For valid reasons, the Dean(AC) may permit a student to complete this requirement in the second year. However, before enrolling for fifth semester, a student should have completed the training and produced a certificate from the appropriate authority of NCC / NSS / NSO / YRC for having satisfactorily completed the prescribed training. DISCIPLINE Every student is required to observe disciplined and decorous behavior both inside and outside the campus and not to indulge in any activity which will tend to bring down the prestige of the Institution. Any act of indiscipline of a student, reported to the Dean (Students), will be referred to a Discipline and Welfare Committee, nominated by the Vice-Chancellor, for taking appropriate action.

19.2

20.0 20.1

20.2

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

21.0 ELIGIBILITY FOR THE AWARD OF DEGREE 21.1 A student shall be declared to be eligible for the award of the B.Tech. degree provided the student has: i) successfully completed all the required courses specified in the programme curriculum and earned the number of credits prescribed for the specialization, within a maximum period of 14 semester (12 semesters for lateral entry) from the date of admission, including break of study. Completed the NCC/NSS/NSO/YRC requirements. no dues to the Institution, Library, Hostels, NCC, NSS, NSO, YRC and no disciplinary action pending against him/her.

ii) iii) iv) 21.2 22.0

The award of the degree must have been approved by the University. POWER TO MODIFY Notwithstanding all that has been stated above, the Academic Council has the right to modify the above regulations from time to time. *********

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

CURRICULUM & SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (Eight semesters/Full time) CURRICULUM Semester - I Sl. No Subject Code Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. MA 102 PH 105 CH 105 GE 107 EC 101 EE 181 EC 102 EE 182 EN 102 Mathematics - II Physics - II Chemistry - II Engineering Mechanics Electron Devices Electrical Circuits & Machines Electron Devices Lab Electrical Machines & Circuits Lab 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 4 3 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 23 MA 101 EN 101 PH 101 CH 101 GE 101 GE 105 PH 102 CH 102 GE 102 GE 106 Mathematics - I Technical English Physics -I Chemistry-I Engineering Graphics Fundamentals of Computing Physics Laboratory Chemistry Laboratory Basic Engineering Practice Lab Computer Practice Lab Semester - II 3 2 3 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 2 3 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 24 Subject L T P C TC

Practical

Practical

Communication Skills Laboratory - I 0


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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Semester - III Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. MA 201 EC 201 GE 201 EC 203 EC 204 CS 281 EC 205 EC 206 CS 282 EN 201 Mathematics - III Electronic Circuits - I Electromagnetic Fields Digital Electronics Data Structures & Algorithms Electronic Circuits Lab - I Digital Electronics Lab Data Structures Lab 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 4 3 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 24

Environmental Science & Engineering 3

Practical

Communication Skills Laboratory - II 0 Semester - IV

Theory 1. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. MA 204 EC 207 EC 208 EC 214 EC 210 EC 211 EC 212 EC 213 TP 201 Random Processes Electronic Circuits -II Signals & systems Networks, Transmission Lines & Wave Guides Linear Integrated Circuits Analog Communication Electronic Circuits Lab II Linear Integrated Circuits Lab 3 4 3 3 3 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 2 4 4 4 4 3 3 1 1 1 25

Practical

Confidence Building & Behavioural Skills 0

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Semester - V Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. MA 302 EC 301 EC 302 EC 303 EC 304 EI 382 EC 305 EC 306 EC 307 TP 301 Computational Methods Digital Communication Digital Signal Processing Microprocessor & its Applications Antennas & Propagation Measurements & Instrumentation Communication Lab Digital Signal Processing Lab Microprocessor Lab Career Building & People Skills Semester - VI Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. EC 308 EC 309 EC 310 EC 311 MS 081 EI 381 EC 312 EC 313 EC 314 TP 302 Computer Architecture Computer Networks Microwave Engineering VLSI Design Engineering Economics and Management Concepts Control Systems VLSI Lab Microwave Lab Network Lab Problem Solving & Thinking Skills 3 3 4 3 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 2 3 3 4 3 3 4 1 1 1 1 24 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 2 4 3 4 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 24

Practical

Practical

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Semester - VII Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. EC 401 EC 402 EC 403 EC 404 EC 405 Electronic System Design Digital Image Processing Cellular Mobile Communication Optical Communication Embedded Systems Elective - I Practical 1 2. 3. Theory 1. 2. 3. Practical 1. EC 411 Project Work 0 0 12 6 Total 15 ----181 -----EC 409 EC 410 Satellite Communication Wireless Networks Elective - II 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 EC 406 EC 407 EC 408 Digital Image Processing Lab Optical Communication Lab Mini Project Semester - VIII 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 1 1 1 22 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 3 3 3 3

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

ELECTIVE SUBJECTS (For Semester VII) Sl. No Subject Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subject L T P C 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3 3 0 0 3

ECX 001 Advanced Microprocessor ECX 002 Telecommunication switching network ECX 003 Solid State Electronic Devices ECX 004 Advanced Digital Signal Processing ECX 005 Electromagnetic Interference & Compatibility ECX 006 Medical Electronics ECX 007 High Speed Networks ECX 008 Power Electronics ECX 009 Internet and Java Programming CSX 283 Object Oriented Programming ( For Semester VIII ) ECX 011 Soft Computing ECX 012 Television & Video Engineering ECX 013 Opto-electronic Devices ECX 014 Radar and Navigational Aids ECX 015 Speech Processing ECX 016 Computer Hardware and Interfacing ECX 017 Remote Sensing ECX 018 Engineering Acoustics ECX 019 Advanced Microwave Systems ECX 020 Unix

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

B.TECH. ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION (EIGHT SEMESTERS / FULL TIME) SYLLABUS

SEMESTER - I
MA 101 UNIT I MATRICES MATHEMATICS - I (Common to all branches) L T P C 3 1 0 4 12

Rank of a Matrix - Consistency of Linear System of Equations - Eigen Value Problems - Eigen Values and Eigen vectors of a real matrix, Engineering Applications - Characteristic Equations - Properties of Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors - Cayley Hamilton Theorem ( without proof) Similarity Transformation (Concepts only) - Orthogonal matrices - orthogonal transformations of a symmetric matrix to diagonal form - deduction of quadratic form to canonical form by orthogonal transformation. UNIT II THREE DIMENSIONAL ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY 12

Direction cosines & ratios - angle between two lines - equations of a plane equations of a straight line - coplanar lines - shortest distance between skew lines - sphere - tangent plane - plane section of a sphere - orthogonal spheres. UNIT III GEOMETRICAL APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 12

Curvature - Cartesian and polar coordinates - centre and radius of curvature - circle of curvature - involutes & evolutes - envelopes - properties of envelopes and evolutes, evolute as envelope of normals . UNIT IV FUNCTIONS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES 12

Functions of two variables - partial derivatives - total differential - Taylor's expansion - maxima and minima - constrained maxima and minima Lagrange's multiplier method - Jacobians - differentiation under integral sign. UNIT V ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 12

Simultaneous first order linear equations with constant coefficients - Linear equations of second order with constant and variable coefficients homogeneous equations of Euler type - equations reducible to homogeneous form - method of variation of parameters L : 45, T : 15 TOTAL : 60
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Kreyszig .E., " Advanced Engineering Mathematics " ( 8th edition), John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd., Singapore, 2001 Kandasamy,p., Thilagavathy.k, and Gunavathy.k., "Engineering Mathematics" Volume I (Revised Edition) S.Chand &co , New Delhi, 2000 Rajasekaran.S., Chandrasekaran A., "Engineering Mathematics" Volume I (Revised Edition) Dhanam publishers, Chennai Veerarajan.T., "Engineering Mathematics" Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. New Delhi Venkataraman. M.K., "Engineering Mathematics - First Year" National Publishing Company, Chennai.

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EN 101

TECHNICAL ENGLISH (Common for all branches of first semester B.Tech. courses)

L T P C 2 2 0 4

AIM To encourage students to actively involve in participative learning of target language (English) and to help them acquire communication skills. OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. To enable students to give instructions and directions. To enable students to receive messages. To help students develop listening skills for academic and professional purposes. To help students acquire the ability to speak effectively in English in real-life situations. To inculcate the reading habit and to develop effective reading skills To enable students write letters and reports effectively in formal and business situations. To help learners improve their vocabulary and to enable them to use words appropriately in different contexts. 12

UNIT I

Focus on Language: Use of Suffixes, Change of word from one form to another, Tenses- simple present, present continuous, Interchange of voices, Impersonal passive form. Reading: Skimming & Scanning using different texts. Listening: Listening for general content. Speaking: Pronunciation and accent. Writing: Principles of writing, Paragraph writing, Definition, Description. Suggested Activities: Changing the grammatical function of words using suffixes, Providing different contexts for using tenses, Changing voices(Active to Passive form) Rewriting in impersonal passive form.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

UNIT II

12

Focus on Language: Word formation with prefixes, Framing 'Wh'-questionsYes-No questions and Question tags, Adjectives, Comparative Adjectives. Reading: Scanning for specific information and making inferences. Listening: Note-making Writing: Comparison and Contrast, Bar charts Speaking: Conversations- Eliciting information. Suggested Activities: Changing the grammatical function of words using prefixes, Questions Yes/No types, Question tags, Using appropriate Comparative Adjectives, Role-play activities for eliciting information. UNIT III 12

Focus on Language: Tenses- simple past, past perfect, Phrasal verbs, SV concord, Rules of spelling, Compound nouns, Vocabulary. Reading : Analysing and interpreting graphics information, Making inferences, Reading comprehension, Organization of information in a paragraph Listening: Listening comprehension (multiple choice questions) Writing: Use of discourse markers, Sequencing jumbled sentences, Letter to the editor, Letter of invitation. Speaking: Debates. Suggested activities: Providing context for tenses, Fill in the blanks with suitable phrasal verbs, Correction of sentences, Editing, Expansion of Compound nouns, Multiple choice, Gap filling, Conversations, Persuasive speaking, Drawing inferences. UNIT IV 12

Focus on Language: Use of imperatives, Prepositions, Adverbs, Use of modals, Tenses- Simple future tense and 'If' conditionals Reading: Extensive reading- reading general texts. Listening: Intensive listening, Guessing the main idea based on the contextual meaning, multiple choice,
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Writing: Cause and effect, Purpose and function expressions, Instructions and Recommendations Speaking: Future plans,( career topic oriented). Suggested activities: Rewriting sentences using imperatives , fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions, adverbs, use of modal verbs in sentences , Using tenses in different contexts, Use of 'If' conditionals, Giving cause & effect statements to be linked with expressions like as, since, because, etc, using expressions of 'purpose &function' &linking sentences, Using expressions related to recommendations & writing recommendations. Students may be asked to read the book suggested for extra reading and submit assignments. Assignments can be in the form of review, criticism, appreciation etc. UNIT V 12

Focus on Language: Numerical adjectives, Using vocabulary in different contexts. Reading - Reading between the lines understanding implied meanings in the context. Listening -Listening for specific information, taking messages - memos Writing- Business letters - quotations, placing an order, complaint, check list. Speaking - Group Discussion - Problems and Solutions Suggested activities: Rewriting sentences as numerical adjectives, Technical vocabulary, Identifying an issue and discussing the solution, Writing formal letters - Calling for quotations, Placing an order, Complaint- Writing recommendations, Instructions- Preparing a check list, Listening to conversations & taking down messages. (Total 60) Text Book 1. Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Anna University, " English For Engineers & Technologists" combined edition (volumes 1 & 2). Andrea J. Rutherford, 'Basic Communication Skills for Technology' second edition. Pearson Education.

Reference Books 1.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

2. 3.

P.K.Dutt, G. Rajeevan and C.L.N. Prakash, 'A Course in Communication Skills', Cambridge University Press, India 2007. Krishna Mohan and Meera Banerjee, ' Developng Comminication Skills', Macmillan India Ltd., (reprinted 1994-2007) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam with Arun Tiwari, ' Wings of Fire' An Autobiography. University Press (India) Pvt. Ltd. 1999, 30th impression 2007.

Extensive Reading 1.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

PH 101 UNIT I

PHYSICS-I (Common to all branches) CRYSTAL PHYSICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Introduction - Space lattice - unit cell - Bravais lattices - Miller Indices for cubic crystals - Inter planar spacing in cubic lattice - simple crystal structures - SC, BCC, FCC and HCP structures - atomic radius, coordination number, Packing factor calculation - crystal imperfections - point, line and surface defects Burger vector. UNIT II QUANTUM PHYSICS 9

Black body radiation - Planck's theory of radiation - deduction of Wien's displacement law and Rayleigh-Jeans law from Planck's theory - Compton effect - Theory and experimental verification - Dual nature of matter - De Broglie's wavelength - physical significance of wave function - Schroedinger wave equation - time independent and time dependent wave equation - particle in one dimensional box. UNIT III WAVE OPTICS 9

Polarization - double refraction - Theory of plane polarized, circularly polarized and elliptically polarized light - Quarter wave plate, Half wave plate - production and detection of plane ,circularly and elliptically polarized lights -photoelasticity - photo elastic effect - stress optic law - effect of stressed model in a plane polariscope - isoclinics and isochromatic fringes - photo elastic bench. UNIT IV ULTRASONICS AND NDT 9

Ultrasonics - production - magnetostriction and piezo electric methods properties of ultrasonic waves - detection of ultrasonic waves - Applications Acoustical grating - SONAR - depth of sea - measurement of velocity of blood flow - Nondestructive testing methods (NDT) - Liquid penetrant method ultrasonic flaw detector - A, B and C scan displays - X-ray radiography and fluoroscopy. UNIT V LASER AND FIBRE OPTICS 9

Characteristics of laser light - Einstein's A&B coefficients (derivation) - Nd:YAG laser - He-Ne laser - CO2 laser - homo and hetero junction semiconductor lasers - applications - material processing and holography (construction and reconstruction of hologram) - Optical fibre - principle of propagation of light in optical fibers - numerical aperture and acceptance angle - single and multimode
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

fibres - step index and graded index fibres - applications - fibre optic communication system (block diagram only) - fibre optic sensors (displacement and pressure sensors (qualitative). TOTAL :45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Avadhanulu M.N., Engineering Physics,1st Edition, S.Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2007. Gaur R.K. and Gupta S.L., Engineering Physics, 8th edition, Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. Uma Mukherji, Engineering Physics, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 2007.

REFERENCES : 1.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

CH 101 UNIT I

CHEMISTRY- I (Common to all branches) WATER TECHNOLOGY

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Introduction - Impurities present in water - Hardness, Types of Hardness, Estimation of Hardness (EDTA method) (Problems) - Alkalinity, Estimation of Alkalinity -Disadvantages of hard water in industries - Conditioning methods: external treatment method: Ion exchange methods - internal treatment: colloidal, phosphate, calgon, carbonate methods - drinking water standards (BIS) - treatment of domestic water: screening, sedimentation, coagulation, filtration, disinfection: by chlorination, UV treatment, ozonization - desalination and reverse osmosis (principle only). UNIT II ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9

Abrasives: Moh's scale of hardness - natural abrasives: diamond, corundum, emery, garnets and quartz - artificial abrasives: silicon carbide, boron carbide Refractories: characteristics, classification - acid, basic and natural refractories, properties - refractoriness, refractoriness under load, dimensional stability, porosity, thermal spalling - general method of manufacture of refractories, properties and uses of high alumina bricks, magnesite and zirconia bricks Lubricants and lubrication - functions - classification with examples - properties: viscosity index, flash and fire point, oiliness, carbon residue, aniline point, cloud and pour point - greases: calcium, sodium and lithium based - solid lubricants - graphite and molybdenumdisulphide. UNIT III ELECTRO CHEMISTRY 9

Galvanic cells - reversible and irreversible cells - EMF and its measurement standard and single electrode potential - electrochemical series - Types of electrodes: metal-metal ion electrode, gas electrode, metal-metal insoluble salt electrode, standard hydrogen electrodes, calomel electrodes, ion selective electrode: glass electrode and determination of pH using glass electrode Nernst equation, application and problems - Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions, polarization, overvoltage, decomposition potential (statements only) - Conductometric and potentiometric titrations. UNIT IV FUELS AND COMBUSTION 9

Classification of fuels - Solid Fuel: coal varieties - analysis of coal, proximate analysis and significances (moisture, volatile mater, ash content & carbon
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

content) - ultimate analysis (only principle) - coke manufacture by Otto-Hoffman by product coke oven method - characteristics of metallurgical coke. Liquid Fuel: petroleum - refining - fractions - composition and uses - cracking: thermal and catalytic (fixed bed & fluidized bed) - synthetic petrol: FischerTropsch and Bergius process - knocking: octane number, improvement of antiknock characteristics - diesel engine fuel: cetane number. Gaseous fuels - Compressed natural gas and LPG. Combustion: gross and net calorific values, theoretical calculation of calorific values (Dulong's formula), calculation of minimum requirement of air (simple calculations) - flue gas analysis by Orsat apparatus. UNIT V SPECTROSCOPY 9

Electromagnetic spectrum - absorption of radiation - electronic, vibrational, translational and rotational - intensities of spectral lines - Beer-Lambert's Law (Problems) - Colorimetric analysis: estimation of concentration of a solution Flame photometry: theory, instrumentation (block diagram only) and application - UV-Visible spectroscopy: Principles, instrumentation (block diagram only) and simple applications - IR spectroscopy - simple applications only. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Jain P.C and Renuka Jain, Physical Chemistry for Engineers, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, New Delhi. 2001. Puri B.R., Sharma L.R. and Madan S. Pathania, Principles of Physical Chemistry, Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co., Jalandhar, 2000. Bahl B.S., Tuli G.D., and Arun Bahl, Essentials of Physical Chemistry, S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2004. Kuriacose J.C. & Rajaram J, Chemistry in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 1, Tata McGraw-Hill publishing company, New Delhi, 1996.

REFERENCES: 1. 2.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

GE 101 BASICS

ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (Common to all branches)

L T P C 2 0 3 3 03

Drawing instruments, dimensioning, BIS conventions, types of lines, simple geometric constructions. UNIT I CURVES AND ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION 09

Conic sections : ellipse, parabola, hyperbola Special curves : Cycloid, epicycloid, hypocycloid, involutes, helix Orthographic projection - first angle, third angle projections, principle, free hand sketching of 3D to 2D as per first angle projection. UNIT II PROJECTION OF POINTS, STRAIGHT LINES AND PLANE SURFACES 12

Orthographic projection of points, straight lines in first quadrant - true length and true inclinations - traces. Projection of plane lamina in first quadrant. UNIT III PROJECTION OF SOLIDS 12

Projection of solids : prism, pyramid, cone, cylinder - auxiliary projection. UNIT IV SECTION OF SOLIDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES 12

Section of solids : prism, pyramid, cone, cylinder, and sphere - sectional view - true shape .Solids in simple position and cutting plane inclined to one reference plane only. Development of surface of truncated solids : prism, pyramid, cone cylinder - frustum of cone and pyramid. UNIT V PICTORIAL PROJECTIONS 12

Isomertic scale - Isometeric projection,view of prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, frustums and truncated solids. Perspective projection of prism, pyramid, cylinder, frustums - Visual ray method and Vanishing point method. Commands and demonstration of Drafting packages. TOTAL : 60

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

TEXT BOOK: 1. 1. 2. N.D. Butt, Engineering Drawing K.V. Natarajan, Engineering Drawing & Graphics, Nineteenth Edition, Dhanalakshmi publishers, Chennai-90. Venugopal. K, Engineering Graphics, Sixth Edition, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publication, Chennai. REFERENCES:

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GE 105 UNIT I

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING (Common to all branches)

L T P C 3 0 0 3 8

BASICS OF COMPUTER AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Digital Computer fundamentals - Block diagram of a computer-Component of a computer system - Hardware and software definitions - Categories of software - Applications of computers - Role of Information technology -Internet Services -Types and generation of programming languages - algorithm - flow chart pseudo code - Top down approach - refinement - one-in one-out control structures - Development of solutions for simple problems using flow charts and pseudo code. UNIT II BASIC ELEMENTS OF C 9

Introduction to C - Lexical elements of C - types - their representation Operators and Expressions - Operator precedence - and associatively of operators-Input and Output functions - simple computational problems. UNIT III DECISION MAKING 10

Control statements - branching, looping, nested control structures, switch, break, continue, goto statements - Problems using control structures. Functions and Program structures: Prototypes and Functions - Declaring defining and accessing functions Parameter passing methods -storage classes -auto, extern, static, and registerLibrary functions - Programs using functions - recursion. UNIT IV ARRAYS 8

Defining and processing arrays - Passing arrays to functions - Multi dimensional arrays - strings and basic operations on strings - enumerated data types - Programs using simple sorting, searching. UNIT V POINTERS 10

Pointer concept - Declarations - Accessing variable through pointer-Structures - User defined data types. File handling File pointer - Opening and closing of file - Creating, Processing and Updation on files - simple file handling programs. TOTAL : 45
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

TEXT BOOK : 1. Jeri R. Hanly and Elliot B. Koffman , "Problem Solving and Program Design in C", Fifth Edition, Pearson Education (2009) REFERENCES : 1. 2. Brian W. Kernighan and Dennis M. Ritchie, "The C programming Language", Pearson Education Inc. (2005). Behrouz A. ForouZan and Richard. F. Gilberg, "A structured Programming Approach using C", II Edition, Brooks-Cole Thomson Learning Publications,2001. V Rajaraman, "Computer Basics and C Programming", PHI (2008) E.Balagurusamy,"Computing Fundamentals and C Programming",Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, 2008.

3. 4.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

PH 102

PHYSICS LABORATORY (Common to all branches)

L T P C 0 0 2 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Torsional Pendulum - Determination of rigidity modulus of wire and moment of inertia of disc. Non-Uniform Bending - Young modulus determination Viscosity - Determination of co-efficient of Viscosity of liquid by Poiseuilles flow. Lee's disc - Determination of thermal conductivity of a bad conductor. Air wedge - Determination of thickness of a thin wire. Spectrometer - Determination of wavelength of Hg source using Grating. (i) Determination of wavelength of Laser using Grating. (ii) Particle size determination. (iii) Determination of Numerical Aperture and Acceptance angle of an optical Fiber. 8. 9. 10. Ultrasonic Interferometer-Velocity of Ultrasonic waves in a liquid and compressibility of the liquid. Band gap determination of a semiconductor. Determination of hysteresis loss in a ferromagnetic material.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

CH 102 I. 1. 2. II. 3. 4. 5. 6. III. 7. 8. 9. V. 10. VI. 11. VII. 12. VIII 13.

CHEMISTRY LABORATORY (Common to all branches)

L T P C 0 0 2 1

Weighing and preparation of standard solutions Preparation of molar and normal solutions of the following substances - oxalic acid, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid. Preparation of buffer solutions: borate buffer, phosphate buffer using Henderson equation. Water Analysis Determination of total hardness, temporary & permanent hardness of water by EDTA method. Determination of DO content by Winkler's method. Determination of alkalinity in a water sample. Determination of chloride content of water sample by argentometric method. pH To find out the strength of given hydrochloric acid by sodium hydroxide. Conductometric titration of mixture of acids. Conductometric precipitation titration using BaCl2 - Na2SO4. Potentiometry Redox titration - Iron Vs. dichromate. Spectrophotometry To determine the iron content of an unknown solution (1,10-phenanthroline / thiocyanate method) Flame photometry To determine sodium and potassium in water Viscometry Determination of molecular weight of a polymer.

IV. Conductometry

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

REFERENCES : 1. 2. A Text of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis, A.I.Vogel, ELBS, London. Experiments in Physical Chemistry, D.P. Shoemaker and C.W. Garland, McGraw-Hill, London.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

GE 102

BASIC ENGINEERING PRACTICE LAB (Common to all branches of EEE / ECE / ICE / CSE / IT)

L T P C 0 0 3 1 9

CIVIL ENGINEERING 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. Pipe line to a Washing Machine Making a Half Lap Joint Making a Mortise & Tenon Joint

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PRACTICE Making a Butt Joint Making a Lap Joint Facing, Turning, Chamfering and Drilling using Lathe

12

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PRACTICE Basic household wiring using switches, fuse, indicator-lamp. Preparation of wiring diagrams. Stair case light wiring, Tube- light wiring. Study of iron-box, fan with regulator, emergency lamp.

12

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING PRACTICE

12

Soldering & de-soldering of simple electronic circuits, checking continuity and tracing the circuit. Identification of various Active & Passive electronic components and Usage of Multimeter. Voltage and Current (AC & DC) Measurement in a circuit assembled in bread board using Multimeter. Study of Signal Generator, Oscilloscope & Power Supplies. TOTAL : 45

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

GE 106

COMPUTER PRACTICE LAB (Common to all branches)

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS UNIT I 1. a. b. 2 a. b. c. d. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. WORD PROCESSING AND SPREAD SHEET Word Processing Document creation, Text formatting, Searching. Table creation, Table formatting. Formula - formula editor. Chart - Line, XY, Bar and Pie. inclusion of Picture and graphics Sorting and Import / Export features.

Spread Sheet

UNIT II C PROGRAMMING Data types, Expression Evaluation, Condition Statements. Functions, Recursion and parameter passing mechanisms. Arrays Structures and Unions Pointers and Functions File Processing Dynamic allocation, Linked List

UNIT III

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

SEMESTER - II MA 102 UNIT I MATHEMATICS - II (Common to all branches except CSE & IT) MULTIPLE INTEGRALS L T P C 3 1 0 4 12

Double integration - Cartesian and Polar coordinates - change of order of integration - area as a double integral - triple integration in Cartesian coordinates - change of variables between Cartesian and polar coordinates and cylindrical, spherical polar coordinates. UNIT II VECTOR CALCULUS 12

Gradient , divergence and curl - line , surface and volume integrals - Green's, Gauss Divergence and Stoke's theorems (without proof) - verification and evaluation of integarals using them. UNIT III ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS 12

Function of a complex variable - Analytic function - necessary conditions Cauchy-Riemann equations in Cartesian coordinates - sufficient condition (Proof not included) -properties of analytic function - determination of harmonic conjugate by Milne-Thomson method - conformal mapping (w= a+z, az, 1/z, z2) and bilinear transformation. UNIT IV COMPLEX INTEGRATION 12

Statement and application of Cauchy's theorem - Cauchy's integral formula Taylor and Laurent expansion - singularities classification - residues - Cauchy's residue's theorem - contour integration - unit circle and semi circular contours (excluding poles on real axis) UNIT V LAPLACE TRANSFORM 12

Laplace transform - sufficient condition - transforms of elementary functionsbasic properties- inverse transforms -derivatives and integral of transformstransforms of derivatives and integrals- convolution theorem -transform of periodic functions - application to solution of linear ordinary differential equations - second order with constant coefficients, Simultaneous equations. L : 45, T : 15 TOTAL : 60

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

REFERENCES : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Kreyszig .E., " Advanced Engineering Mathematics " ( 8th edition), John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd., Singapore, 2001 Kandasamy,p., Thilagavathy.k, and Gunavathy.k., "Engineering Mathematics" Volume II (Revised Edition) S.Chand &co , New Delhi, 2000 Rajasekaran.S., Chandrasekaran A., "Engineering Mathematics" Volume II (Revised Edition) Dhanam publishers, Chennai Veerarajan.T., "Engineering Mathematics " Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. New Delhi Venkataraman. M.K. "Engineering Mathematics - First Year" National Publishing Company. Chennai.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

PH 105

PHYSICS - II

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

UNIT - I CONDUCTING MATERIALS

Electron ballistics : Charged particle, Force on charged particles in an electric field, constant field, Potential, field intensity, Force in Magnetic field, current density, Motion in a magnetic field, Parallel electric and magnetic field, Perpendicular electric and magnetic field. Classical free electron theory of metals - Drawbacks of classical theory Quantum free electron theory of metals and its importance (Qualitative) Energy distribution of electrons in metals - Fermi distribution function - Density of energy states and carrier concentration in metals (derivation) - Fermi energy -Classification of solids into conductors, semiconductors and insulators on the basis of Band theory. UNIT - II SEMICONDUCTING MATERIALS 9

Intrinsic semiconductors - Elemental and compound semiconductors - Drift current and diffusion current - carrier concentration (derivation) - Fermi energy - Variation of Fermi energy level with temperature - Mobility and electrical conductivity - Band gap determination - Extrinsic semiconductors - carrier concentration in n-type and p-type semiconductor (derivation) - Variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration - Variation of Electrical conductivity with temperature - Hall effect - Experiment and applications of Hall effect. UNIT - III DIELECTRIC MATERIALS 9

Dielectric constant (?r) - Electric susceptibility (?) - Different types of dielectric polarization: electronic, ionic, orientational and space charge polarization the frequency and temperature dependence of polarization - Internal field and deduction of Clausius-Mossoti's equation (derivation) - Dielectric loss Types of dielectric breakdown - uses of dielectric materials ( capacitor & transformer). UNIT - IV OPTICAL MATERIALS 9

Optical properties of semiconductors - direct and indirect band gap semiconductors - colour center - exciton- Luminescence - Fluorescence phosphorescence - liquid crystal display, dynamic scattering, twisted nematic crystal display - Non linear optics - Harmonic generation - Optical mixing Optical phase conjugation - Solitons - materials with Non linear optical properties.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

UNIT - V

FABRICATION PROCESS USING SEMICONDUCTORS

Bulk crystal growth, Epitaxial growth - Introduction to integrated ciruits monolithic and hybrid circuits - Fabrication of IC - Formation of PN junction resistors, capacitors and Inductors - Thin film and thick film technology Definition of LSI, MSI & VLSI circuits - metal semiconductor contact. Total: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Avadhanulu M.N., Engineering Physics,1st Edition, S.Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2007. Gaur R.K. and Gupta S.L., Engineering Physics, 8th edition, Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. Jacob Millman, Christos C. Halkias, Electronic Devices and Circuits, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1991. Charles Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, 7th Edition, John Wiley & sons (ASIA) Pvt. Ltd.

REFERENCES : 1. 2.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

CH 105 UNIT I

CHEMISTRY-II (Common to EEE, ECE, EIE, CSE and IT) CORROSION AND ITS INHIBITION

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Corrosion: causes of corrosion - principles of chemical corrosion - PillingBedworth rule - principles of electrochemical corrosion - factors influencing corrosion - types of corrosion: galvanic corrosion and differential aeration corrosion (stress corrosion, soil corrosion, pitting corrosion, water line corrosion); Corrosion control; cathodic protection: sacrificial anode; selection of materials and proper designing; Corrosion inhibitors: anodic and cathodic inhibitors; protective coatings: electroplating and electrolessplating. UNIT II ENERGY STORING DEVICES AND SENSORS 9

Batteries: Introduction, types of batteries; primary batteries: dry cells and alkaline batteries; secondary batteries: lead acid storage cell, nickel-cadmium cell; lithium battery; Fuel cell: hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell; photogalvanic cell and dye sensitized solar cell; electrochemical sensors: working principle and applications. UNIT III ENERGY SOURCES 9

Introduction; Conventional Energy Sources: Nuclear energy, chain reactions, controlled and uncontrolled with example, nuclear fission process, characteristics of nuclear fission reaction, mass defect and problems, light water nuclear power plant; Thermal energy: thermal power plant; NonConventional Energy Sources: Solar Energy: solar cooker; solar production of hydrogen; solar green house; Wind Energy: Basic components of wind mill; advantages, disadvantages and applications. UNIT IV PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND LIQUID CRYSTALS 9

Photochemical reactions; Laws of photo chemistry: Grotthus-Draper Law and Stark-Einstein Law; Quantum efficiency: high and low quantum yield; Photochemical decomposition of HI; quantum yield determination; Chemical actinometer; photophysical processes: Jablonski diagram - fluorescence, phosphorescence; energy transfer in photochemical reactions: photosensitization and quenching (photosynthesis in plants); chemiluminescence; photo inhibitors; Radiation chemistry - principles of radiolysis - radiation dosimetry, units and Fricke dosimeter; Liquid crystal: types, methods of preparation and applications.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

UNIT V

POLYMER CHEMISTRY

Introduction: monomer, polymer, functionality, degree of polymerization, types (poly addition, poly condensation and copolymerization with example); thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics with examples; effect of heat on polymers: Tg and melting temperature; preparation, properties and uses of PVC, teflon, polycarbonates, nylon-6,6; difference between polymer blends and polymer alloys (with example); organic conducting polymers - vulcanization of rubber - blending of rubber with plastics: ABS plastics; laminates and fibre reinforced plastics: GRP, CRP and aramid (properties and uses only); moulding of plastics: injection moulding and compression moulding. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Jain P.C. and Renuka Jain, Engineering Chemistry, Dhanpat Rai Publication Co. (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2002. Puri B.R., Sharma C.R. and Madan S. Pathania, Principles of Physical Chemistry, Shoban Lal Nagin Chand and Co., 2000. Wang M.N., Polymers for electronic and photonic applications, Wiley New York, 1994. Bahl B.S., Tuli G.D. and Arun Bhal, Essentials of Physical Chemistry, S. Chand & Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. G. D. Rai, Non - Conventional Energy Sources, Khanna Publishers, 2004.

REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

GE 107 UNIT I

ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Common to all Branches) BASICS & STATICS OF PARTICLES

L T P C 3 1 0 4 12

Introduction - Units and Dimensions - Laws of Mechanics - Lame's theorem, Parallelogram and triangular Law of forces - Vectors - Vectorial representation of forces and moments - Vector Algebra and its Physical relevance in Mechanics- Coplanar Forces - Resolution and Composition of forces Equilibrium of a particle - Forces in space - Equilibrium of a particle in space - Equivalent systems of forces - Principle of transmissibility - Single equivalent force UNIT II EQUILIBRIUM OF RIGID BODIES 12

Free body diagram - Types of supports and their reactions - requirements of stable equilibrium - Moments and Couples - Moment of a force about a point and about an axis - Vectorial representation of moments and couples - Scalar components of a moment - Varignon's theorem - Equilibrium of Rigid bodies in two dimensions - Equilibrium of Rigid bodies in three dimensions - Examples UNIT III PROPERTIES OF SURFACES AND SOLIDS 12

Determination of Areas and Volumes - First moment of area and the Centroid of sections - Rectangle, circle, triangle from integration - T section, I section, Angle section, Hollow section by using standard formula - second and product moments of plane area - Physical relevance - Rectangle, triangle, circle from integration - T section, I section, Angle section, Hollow section by using standard formula - Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem Polar moment of inertia - Mass moment of inertia - Derivation of mass moment of inertia for rectangular section, prism, sphere from first principle - Relation to area moments of inertia. UNIT IV DYNAMICS OF PARTICLES 12

Review of laws of motion - Newton's law - Work Energy Equation of particles - Impulse and Momentum - Impact of elastic bodies. Introduction to vibrations - Single degree of freedom systems - with and without damping UNIT V FRICTION AND ELEMENTS OF RIGID BODY DYNAMICS 12

Frictional force - Laws of Coloumb friction - simple contact friction - Rolling


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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

resistance - Belt friction Translation and Rotation of Rigid Bodies - Velocity and acceleration - General Plane motion. L : 45, T: 15 TOTAL: 60 TEXT BOOK : 1. Beer,F.P and Johnston Jr. E.R, "Vector Mechanics for Engineers, Dynamics & Statics", Third SI Metric Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill International Edition, 2001. Hibbeller, R.C., Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 1 Statics, Vol. 2 Dynamics, Pearson Education Asia Pvt. Ltd., 2000 Irving H. Shames, Engineering Mechanics - Statics and Dynamics, IV Edition - Pearson Education Asia Pvt. Ltd., 2003

REFERENCES : 1. 2.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 101 UNIT I

ELECTRON DEVICES SEMICONDUCTORS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Energy band structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators - Density distribution of available energy states in semiconductors - Fermi- Dirac probability distribution function at different temperatures - Thermal generation of carriers - Calculation of electron and hole densities in intrinsic semiconductors - Intrinsic concentration, Mass Action Law- N and P type semiconductors and their energy band structures - Law of electrical neutrality - Calculation of location of Fermi level and free electron and hole densities in extrinsic semiconductors - Mobility, drift current and conductivity - Diffusion current - Continuity equation - Hall effect UNIT II PN JUNCTION DIODES 9

Band structure of PN Junction - Current Component in a PN Junction Derivation of diode equation - Temperature dependence of diode characteristics- Calculation of transition and diffusion capacitance - charge control description of diode - switching characteristics of diode- Mechanism of avalanche and Zener breakdown - Temperature dependence of breakdown voltages- Zener diode & its applications -Diode as Clipper & Clamper. UNIT III BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTORS AND FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS 9

Construction of PNP and NPN transistors - BJT current components- Emitter to collector and base to collector current gains, Base width modulation-CB and CE characteristics- Breakdown characteristics- Ebers-Moll modelTransistor switching times. Construction and Characteristics of JFET - Relation between Pinch off Voltage and drain current derivation -MOSFETS Enhancement and depletion types. UNIT IV SPECIAL DIODES & POWER CONTROL DEVICES 9

Varactor diode - Backward diode - Tunneling effect in thin barriers- Tunnel diode - Photo diode - Schottky diodes- Power control devices- Characteristics and equivalent circuit of UJT , intrinsic stand off ratio- PNPN diode - Two transistor model, SCR, Triac, Diac. UNIT V CCD AND OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES 9

Charge transfer and charge coupled devices - theory and applications.


47

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Semiconductor Opto-electronic devices - LED, LASER diode, LCD, OLED, Photo diode, Solar Cell, Plasma Devices. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK : 1. Jacob Millman & Christos C.Halkias, "Electronic Devices and Circuits" Tata McGraw-Hill, 1991 . Nandita Das Gupta and Amitava Das Gupta, Semiconductor Devices Modelling and Technology, Prentice Hall of India, 2004. Donald A. Neaman," Semiconductor Physics and Devices" 3rd Ed., Tata McGraw-Hill 2002. S.Salivahanan, N.Sureshkumar and A.Vallavaraj, Electronic Devices and Circuits, TMH, 1998. S.M. Sze, Semiconductor Devices - Physics and Technology, 2nd Ed., John Wiley, 2002. Ben G. Streetman and Sanjay Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, Pearson Education 2000.

REFERENCES : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EE

181

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MACHINES BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 8

UNIT I

DC and AC circuits - Kirchhoff's Laws - concepts of impedance and admittance - power factor - simple circuits - concepts of resonance - Introduction to 3phase circuits - Introduction to Magnetic circuits - Simple series and parallel magnetic circuit problems - Magnetic Induction. UNIT II NETWORK THEOREMS AND TRANSIENT ANALYSIS 9

Sources : voltage and current; Dependant and independent - Mesh current and Nodal voltage methods - Thevenin's and Norton's theorem - Superposition theorem - Reciprocity theorem - Maximum power transfer theorem - (DC and AC). Forced and free response of RL,RC and RLC circuits with D.C And sinusoidal excitations. UNIT III DC MACHINES 9

Construction - Generator : EMF equation, Types and methods of excitation, characteristics of generators, armature reaction and commutation. Motors : torque equation, types, characteristics of motors, starting and speed control. Losses and efficiency. UNIT IV TRANSFORMERS 8

Construction - principle of operation - equivalent circuit - losses - testing efficiency and voltage regulation - auto transformer - three phase connections - tap changing. UNIT V ROTATING AC MACHINES 11

3-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Introduction, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque and power output, slip-torque characteristics, starting and speed control, cogging and crawling. SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES: Introduction, principle of operation, synchronous reactance, voltage regulation (EMF Method), synchronizing and parallel operation, hunting. TOTAL : 45 REFERENCES : 1. Fitzgerald.A.E., Charles Kingsely Jr, Stephen D.Umans, 'Electric Machinery', McGraw-Hill Books Company, 1992.
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2. 3. 4.

Nagrath I. J and Kothari D. P. 'Electric Machines', Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, 1990. Syed.A.Nassar, 'Electric Machines and Power system', Volume - I Electric Machines, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York1995. Joseph Edminister, 'Electric circuits', Mc-graw Hill publishing House.

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EC 102 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

ELECTRON DEVICES LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

PN Junction Diode characteristics. Zener Diode characteristics. Applications of Diode as Clipper and Clamper. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CB configuration. Input and Output characteristics of BJT in CE configuration. Characteristics of JFET. Switching Characteristics of BJT UJT Characteristics. SCR Characteristics. DIAC Characteristics. TRIAC Characteristics Characteristics of Photo diode and Photo transistor.

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EE 182

ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND CIRCUITS LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Open circuit and load characteristics of DC shunt generator. Load test on DC shunt motor AND dc Series motor Speed control of DC shunt motor. Load test on single phase transformer. Open circuit and short circuit test on single-phase transformer. Regulation of 3-phase alternator by EMF method. Load test on three-phase induction motor. Verification of Kirchoff's voltage and current laws, Thevenin's and Norton's Theorems. Resonant frequency and frequency response of a series RLC circuit. Measurement of time constant of series R-C electric circuits Power measurement in a three phase circuit by two Watt meters. Measurement of real power, reactive power, power factor and impedance of RC, RL and RLC circuits using voltmeters and ammeters. Study of first and second order circuit transients by digital simulation.

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EN 102 OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. UNIT I

COMMUNICATION SKILLS LABORATORY- I (COMMON FOR ALL BRANCHES)

L T P C 0 0 3 1

To help students interact with people effectively in various academic and professional situations. To prepare students for placement interviews. To enable students understand Spoken English in real-life and business situations. To develop the writing ability of students by providing them required practice. To familiarize students with the words used in both technical and business contexts. USE OF LANGUAGE IN BUSINESS CONTEXT 4

Face to face conversations - Greeting friends and strangers, Introducing, etc., Situational conversations - Asking for and giving information, Agreeing and disagreeing, etc., Telephonic conversations - Preparing to make a telephone call, receiving a telephone call, taking and leaving telephone messages, etc., Buying and selling a product, Making arrangement for meetings. Unit II LISTENING IN CONTEXT 10

Listening to monologues and short conversations based on a variety of sources including interviews, telephone calls, face-to-face conversations - listening to people, listening for instructions (business related), followed by two forms of multiple choice tasks and note completion tasks-- Listening to texts lasting three minutes which is generally in the form of an interview or a discussion with two or more speakers, Listening to longer texts in order to listen for clues and prompts relating to purpose. Unit III SPEAKING IN CONTEXT 12

Selling a product- Describing brands and markets- discussing different advertising methods and marketing techniques, Pronunciation - Stress, Word Stress (giving opinion), Sentence Stress (talking about plans, interpretation of meanings), Pitch and Intonation (talking about problems), Role play, Conducting and participating in meetings, Making a telephone call to a supplier, interviewing a company owner, Persuading/Convincing a customer to buy a product.

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Unit IV

READING IN CONTEXT

Reading articles from magazines or newspaper- Extracting relevant information, scanning the text for specific information, Cloze passage, Reading mini case studies on corporate situations like launching and marketing a product, customer care, etc. Unit V WRITING IN CONTEXT 12

Writing emails, Inter-office communication -memos, phone messages, Writing a fax, Writing Letters - to express thanks to a host- to express interest in a product, Business Letters - Making Enquiry about a product, Calling for Quotation, Seeking Clarification, Placing an Order and Making a Complaint, Interpretation of data Total: 45 Hrs

REFERENCES. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. BEC Preliminary, Cambridge University Press, New York. 2002. Bill Mascull. 'Business Vocabulary in Use' Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 2002. Bill Mascull. 'Business Vocabulary in Use' Advanced. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 2004. Comfort, Jeremy. Et.al. 'Speaking Effectively: Developing Speaking Skills for Business English.' Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 1984. John Seely, 'Oxford Guide to Speaking and Writing'. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2004. Leo Jones. 'New International Business English Student's book. Cambridge University Press. 2003. Leo Jones. 'New International Business English' Teachers' book. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 2003. Mohan, Krishna & Meera Bannerji . 'Developing Communication Skills'. Macmillan India Ltd., Chennai. 2001. Norman Whitby, ' Business Benchmark.' Bulat edition. University Press, New Delhi. 2006. Cambridge

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10. 11. 12.

Richards, Jack.C. 'New Interchange: English for International Communication.' Foundation Books Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2006. Simon Sweeney. 'Communicating in Business' Student's Book. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge , 2003. Simon Sweeney. 'Communicating in Business' Teacher's Book. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 2004.

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SEMESTER - III MA 201 UNIT I MATHEMATICS - III PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions - Solution of standard types of first order partial differential equations - Lagrange's linear equation - Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients. UNIT II FOURIER SERIES 9

Dirichlet's conditions - General Fourier series - Odd and even functions - Half range sine series - Half range cosine series - Complex form of Fourier Series - Parseval's identify - Harmonic Analysis. UNIT III BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS 9

Classification of second order quasi linear partial differential equations Solutions of one dimensional wave equation - One dimensional heat equation - Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation (Insulated edges excluded) - Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates. UNIT IV FOURIER TRANSFORM 9

Fourier integral theorem (without proof) - Fourier transform pair - Sine and Cosine transforms - Properties - Transforms of simple functions - Convolution theorem - Parseval's identity. UNIT V Z -TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9

Z-transform - Elementary properties - Inverse Z - transform - Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations - Solution of difference equations using Z - transform. L : 45, T: 15 TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOKS : 1. Grewal, B.S., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Thirty Sixth Edition , Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2001.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

2. 3.

Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K., and Gunavathy, K., "Engineering Mathematics Volume III", S. Chand & Company ltd., New Delhi, 1996. Wylie C. Ray and Barrett Louis, C., "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1995. Andrews, L.A., and Shivamoggi B.K., "Integral Transforms for Engineers and Applied Mathematicians," Macmillen, New York, 1988. Narayanan, S., Manicavachagom Pillay, T.K. and Ramaniah, G., "Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students", Volumes II and III, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2002. Churchill, R.V. and Brown, J.W., "Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems", Fourth Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore, 1987.

REFERENCES : 1. 2.

3.

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EC 201 UNIT I

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS - I TRANSISTOR BIASING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

BJT - Need for biasing - Fixed bias circuit, Load line and quiescent point. Variation of quiescent point due to hFE, VBE, ICO variation. Method of stabilizing the Q point. Different types of biasing circuits. Advantage of Self bias (voltage divider bias) over other types of biasing. Stability factors, Use of Self bias circuit as a constant current source. Self bias and voltage divider bias for FET. Use of JFET as a voltage variable resistor. UNIT II MIDBAND ANALYSIS OF SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9

Analysis of CE, CB and CC amplifiers using small-signal equivalent circuit. Mid-band analysis of various types of single stage amplifiers to obtain gain, input impedance and output impedance. Miller's theorem. Comparison of CB, CE and CC amplifiers and their uses. Darlington connection using similar and Complementary transistors. Methods of increasing input impedance using Darlington connection and bootstrapping. Cascode amplifiers, CS, CG and CD (FET) amplifiers. Multistage amplifiers - Types of coupling - RC Coupled Amplifier, Transformer Coupled Amplifier and Direct Coupled Amplifier. Differential amplifier - Differential gain, CMRR. Use of constant current circuit to improve CMRR. UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS 9

Frequency response of amplifiers. Definition of cut-off frequencies and bandwidth. Low frequency analysis of amplifiers to obtain lower cut off frequency Hybrid - pi equivalent circuit of BJTs. High frequency analysis of BJT amplifiers to obtain upper cut off frequency. High frequency equivalent circuit of FETs. High frequency analysis of FET amplifiers. Gain-bandwidth product of FETs. Frequency response of multistage amplifiers. Calculation of overall upper and lower cut off frequencies of multistage amplifiers. Amplifier rise time and sag and their relation to cut off frequencies. UNIT IV LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9

Classification of amplifiers (Class A, B, AB, C&D), Efficiency of class A, RC coupled and transformer-coupled power amplifiers. Class B complementarysymmetry, push-pull power amplifiers. Calculation of power output, efficiency and power dissipation. Crossover distortion and methods of elimination.

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Heat flow calculations using analogous circuit. Calculation of actual power handling capacity of transistors with and without heat sink. Heat sink design. UNIT V RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES 9

Half-wave, full-wave and bridge rectifiers with resistive load. Analysis for VDC and ripple voltage with C, L, L-C and C-L-C filters. Voltage multipliers, Zener diode regulator. Electronically regulated d.c power supplies. Line regulation, output resistance and temperature coefficient. Switched mode power supplies. Power control using SCR. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS : 1. 2. 1. 2. Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, "Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory", 9th Ed., Pearson Education, 2007. Millman J. and Halkias .C., " Integrated Electronics ", Tata McGraw-Hill. Floyd, "Electronic Devices", Sixth edition, Pearson Education, 2006. Allen Mottorshed, "Electron Devices & Circuits - An Introduction", Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1999.

REFERENCES :

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GE 201 UNIT I

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES

Definition, scope and importance, Need for public awareness. Natural resources and associated problems - Uses, over exploitation and environmental impacts of (a) Forest resources, (b) Water resources, (c) Mineral resources, (d) Food resources, (e) Land resources, (f) Energy resources Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources - Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources - Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. UNIT II ECOSYSTEMS 9

Concept of an ecosystem; Structure and function of an ecosystem; Producers, consumers and decomposers; Energy flow in the ecosystem; Ecological succession; Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids; Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem (a) Terrestrial ecosystems (Forest, Grassland, Desert), (b) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries). UNIT III BIODIVERSITY AND HUMAN POPULATION 9

Introduction - Definition, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Biogeographical classification of India; Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values; Biodiversity at global, National and local levels; India as a mega-diversity nation; Hot-sports of biodiversity; Threats to biodiversity - habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, manwildlife conflicts; Endangered and endemic species of India; Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. Population growth, variation among nations; Population explosion; Family Welfare Programme UNIT IV ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND ITS CONTROL 9

Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of (a) Air pollution, (b) Water pollution, (c) Soil pollution, (d) Marine pollution, (e) Noise pollution, (f) Thermal pollution, (g) Nuclear hazards - Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes; Role of an individual in prevention of pollution; Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
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UNIT V

SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

From Unsustainable to Sustainable development; Urban problems related to energy; Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management; Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns; Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions; Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust; Wasteland reclamation; Consumerism and waste products; Environment Protection Act; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act; Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act; Wildlife Protection Act; Forest Conservation Act; Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation; Public awareness. Environment and human health; Human Rights; Value Education; HIV/AIDS; Women and Child Welfare; Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health. TEXT BOOKS 1. Erach Bharucha, Text Book for Environmental Studies - Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses, University Grants Commission, New Delhi and Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environmental Education and Research, Pune, 2004. Purohit S.S., Shammi Q.J., Agarwal A.K., A Text Book of Environmental Sciences, Student Edition of India, 2004. Clair N. Sawyer, Perry L. McCarthy and Gene F. Parkin, Chemistry for Environmental Engineering and Science, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd, India, 2011. Surinder Deswal and Anupama Deswal, A Basic Course in Environmental Studies, Dhanpat Rai & Co. (P) Ltd., India, 2005.

2.

REFERENCES 1.

2.

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EC 203 UNIT I

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS STATIC ELECTRIC FIELDS

L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Introduction to Co-ordinate System - Rectangular - Cylindrical and Spherical Co-ordinate System - Introduction to line, Surface and Volume Integrals Definition of Curl, Divergence and Gradient - Stoke's theorem and Divergence theorem Coulomb's Law in Vector Form - Definition of Electric Field Intensity - Principle of Superposition - Electric Field due to discrete charges, continuous charge distribution, charges distributed uniformly on an infinite and finite line. Electric Field on the axis of a uniformly charged circular disc - Electric Field due to an infinite uniformly charged sheet. Electric Scalar Potential - Relationship between potential and electric field Potential due to infinite uniformly charged line - Potential due to electrical dipole - Electric Flux Density - Gauss Law - Proof of Gauss Law - Applications. UNIT II STATIC MAGNETIC FIELDS 9

The Biot-Savart Law in vector form - Magnetic Field intensity due to a finite and infinite wire carrying current, Magnetic field intensity on the axis of a circular and rectangular loop carrying current, Ampere's circuital law and simple applications. Magnetic flux density - The Lorentz force equation for a moving charge and applications - Force on a wire carrying current placed in a magnetic field Torque on a loop carrying current - Magnetic moment - Magnetic Vector Potential. UNIT III ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS IN MATERIALS 9

Poisson's and Laplace's equation - Electric Polarization-Nature of dielectric materials- Definition of Capacitance - Capacitance of various geometries using Laplace's equation - Electrostatic energy and energy density - Boundary conditions for electric fields - Electric current - Current density - point form of ohm's law - continuity equation for current. Definition of Inductance - Inductance of loops and solenoids - Definition of mutual inductance - simple examples. Energy density in magnetic fields Nature of magnetic materials - magnetization and permeability - magnetic boundary conditions.
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UNIT IV TIME VARYING ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS

Faraday's law - Maxwell's Second Equation in integral form from Faraday's Law - Equation expressed in point form. Displacement current - Ampere's circuital law in integral form - Modified form of Ampere's circuital law as Maxwell's first equation in integral form - Equation expressed in point form. Maxwell's four equations in integral form and differential form. Poynting Vector and the flow of power - Power flow in a co-axial cable Instantaneous Average and Complex Poynting Vector. UNIT V ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 9

Derivation of Wave Equation - Uniform Plane Waves - Maxwell's equation in Phasor form - Wave equation in Phasor form - Plane waves in free space and in a homogenous material. Wave equation for a conducting medium - Plane waves in lossy dielectrics Propagation in good conductors - Skin effect. Linear, Elliptical and circular polarization - Reflection of Plane Wave from a conductor - normal incidence - Reflection of Plane Waves by a perfect dielectric - normal and oblique incidence. Dependence on Polarization. Brewster angle. L : 45, T : 15 TOTAL : 60 TEXTBOOKS 1. 2. William H. Hayt : "Engineering Electromagnetics", Tata McGraw Hill - 2003 (Unit I,II,III ). E.C. Jordan & K.G. Balmain "Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems." Prentice Hall of India 2nd edition 2003. (Unit IV, V). McGraw Hill, 9th reprint Ramo, Whinnery and Van Duzer: "Fields and Waves in Communications Electronics", John Wiley & Sons (3rd edition 2003) Narayana Rao, N : "Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics", 4th edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1998.

REFERENCES 1. 2

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3. 4. 5.

M.N.O. Sadiku: "Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics", Oxford University Press, 3rd edition. David K. Cheng: "Field and Wave Electromagnetics", 2nd Edition, Pearson Education. David J. Grithiths: "Introduction to Electrodynamics" 3rd Edition, PHI.

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EC 204 UNIT I

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS NUMBER SYSTEMS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal-Number base conversions - complements - signed Binary numbers. Binary Arithmetic- Binary codes: Weighted -BCD2421-Gray code-Excess 3 code-ASCII -Error detecting code - conversion from one code to another-Boolean postulates and laws -De-Morgan's TheoremPrinciple of Duality- Boolean expression - Boolean function- Minimization of Boolean expressions - Sum of Products (SOP) -Product of Sums (POS)Minterm, Maxterm- Canonical forms - Conversion between canonical forms Karnaugh map Minimization - Don't care conditions, Simplification using QuineMcCluskey Method UNIT II COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS 9

AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, Exclusive - OR and Exclusive - NORImplementations of Logic Functions using gates, NAND -NOR implementations - Adders-Subtractors - Serial adder/ Subtractor - Parallel adder/ SubtractorCarry look ahead adder- BCD adder- Magnitude Comparator- Multiplexer/ Demultiplexer- encoder / decoder - parity checker - code converters. UNIT III SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 9

Flip flops SR, JK, T, D and Master slave - Truth table and Characteristic equation - Edge triggering -Level Triggering -Realization of one flip flop using other flip flops -Asynchronous / Ripple counters - Synchronous counters Modulo-n counter -Classification of sequential circuits - Moore and Mealy machines -Design of Synchronous counters: state diagram- State table -State minimization -State assignment- Shift registers- Universal shift register Johnson counter - Ring counter. UNIT IV ASYNCHRONOUS SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 9

Analysis and Design of Asynchronous sequential circuits - primitive state / flow table - Minimization of primitive state table -state assignment - Excitation table - Excitation map - cycles - Races -Hazards: Static -Dynamic -Essential Hazards elimination. UNIT V MEMORY DEVICES AND IC FAMILIES 9

RAM organization -ROM- PROM -EPROM -EEPROM -EAROM Programmable Logic Devices -Programmable Logic Array (PLA)65

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Programmable Array Logic (PAL). TTL, ECL, and CMOS Logic and their characteristics -Tristate gates. Implementation of combinational logic using MUX, ROM, PAL and PLA. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. M. Morris Mano, Digital Design, 3.ed., Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003/Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003 - (Unit I, II, V) John .M Yarbrough, Digital Logic Applications and Design, Thomson- Vikas publishing house, New Delhi, 2005. (Unit III, IV) Donald D. Givone, Digital Principles and Design, Tata Mc-Graw Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi, 2003. Charles H. Roth. "Fundamentals of Logic Design", Thomson Publication Company, 2003. Donald P. Leach and Albert Paul Malvino, Digital Principles and Applications, 5 ed., Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2003. R.P. Jain, Modern Digital Electronics, 3 ed., Tata McGraw Hill publishing company limited, New Delhi, 2003. Thomas L. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, Pearson Education, Inc, New Delhi, 2003

2.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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CS 281 UNIT I

DATA STRUCTURES & ALGORITHMS PROBLEM SOLVING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Problem solving - Top-down Design - Implementation - Verification - Efficiency - Analysis - Sample algorithms. UNIT II LISTS, STACKS AND QUEUES 8 10 Abstract Data Type (ADT) - The List ADT - The Stack ADT - The Queue ADT UNIT III TREES Preliminaries - Binary Trees - The Search Tree ADT - Binary Search Trees AVL Trees - Tree Traversals - Hashing - General Idea - Hash Function Separate Chaining - Open Addressing - Linear Probing - Priority Queues (Heaps) - Model - Simple implementations - Binary Heap UNIT IV SORTING 9 Preliminaries - Insertion Sort - Shell sort - Heap sort - Merge sort - Quick sort - External Sorting UNIT V GRAPHS 9 Definitions - Topological Sort - Shortest-Path Algorithms - Unweighted Shortest Paths - Dijkstra's Algorithm - Minimum Spanning Tree - Prim's Algorithm Applications of Depth-First Search - Undirected Graphs - Biconnectivity Introduction to NP-Completeness TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. R. G. Dromey, "How to Solve it by Computer" (Chaps 1-2), Prentice-Hall of India, 2002. M. A. Weiss, "Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C", 2nd ed, Pearson Education Asia, 2002. Y. Langsam, M. J. Augenstein and A. S. Tanenbaum, "Data Structures using C", Pearson Education Asia, 2004 Richard F. Gilberg, Behrouz A. Forouzan, "Data Structures - A Pseudocode Approach with C", Thomson Brooks / COLE, 1998. Aho, J. E. Hopcroft and J. D. Ullman, "Data Structures and Algorithms", Pearson education Asia, 1983.
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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 205

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB - I

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Study of BJT Biasing Circuits - Fixed Bias, Self Bias and Collector Feedback bias. Study of FET Biasing Circuits - Self Bias, Voltage Divider Bias. Determination of frequency response, input impedance and output impedance of CE Amplifier. Determination of Mid band Voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance of CC Amplifier. Determination of frequency response, input impedance and output impedance of Two stage RC Coupled Amplifier. Determination of Mid band Voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance of Darlington Amplifier. Determination of frequency response, input impedance and output impedance of Cascode Amplifier. Determination of CMRR of Differential Amplifier. Determination of frequency response, input impedance and output impedance of CS Amplifier. Study of Class B Complementary-Symmetry Power Amplifier. Determination of Ripple factor of HWR & FWR with and without filter. Design & Study of Series and Shunt voltage regulators.

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EC 206 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2.

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

Design and implementation of Adders and Subtractor using logic gates. Design and implementation of code converters using logic gates (i) BCD to excess-3 code and vice-versa (ii) Binary to gray and vice-versa

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Design and implementation of 4 bit binary Adder/ subtractor and BCD adder using IC 7483 Design and implementation of 2 Bit Magnitude Comparator using logic gates 8 Bit Magnitude Comparator using IC 7485 Design and implementation of 16 bit odd/even parity checker generator using IC74180. Design and implementation of Multiplexer and De-multiplexer using logic gates and study of IC74150 and IC 74154 Design and implementation of encoder and decoder using logic gates and study of IC7445 and IC74147 Study of SR,JK, D, T Flip Flops Construction and verification of Asynchronous counters Design and implementation of 3-bit synchronous counter Implementation of SISO, SIPO, PISO and PIPO shift registers using Flipflops

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CS 282

DATA STRUCTURES LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Array implementation of List Abstract Data Type (ADT) Linked list implementation of List ADT Cursor implementation of List ADT Array implementation of Stack ADT Linked list implementation of Stack ADT The following three exercises are to be done by implementing the following source files (a) Program for 'Balancing Parenthesis (b) Array implementation of Stack ADT (c) Linked list implementation of Stack ADT (d) Program for 'Evaluating Postfix Expressions' An appropriate header file for the Stack ADT should be #included in (a) and (d) 6. 7. Implement the application for checking 'Balanced Parenthesis' using array implementation of Stack ADT (by implementing files (a) and (b) given above) Implement the application for checking 'Balanced Parenthesis' using linked list implementation of Stack ADT (by using file (a) from experiment 6 and implementing file (c)) Implement the application for 'Evaluating Postfix Expressions' using array and linked list implementations of Stack ADT (by implementing file (d) and using file (b), and then by using files (d) and (c)) Queue ADT Search Tree ADT - Binary Search Tree Heap Sort Quick Sort

8.

9. 10. 11. 12.

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EN 201

COMMUNICATION SKILLS LABORATORY-II (COMMON FOR ALL BRANCHES) SYLLABUS

L T P C - - 3 1

OBJECTIVES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. UNIT I To prepare students for placement interviews. To acquire Business English qualification at Vantage level To help them develop interpersonal and social skills. To develop their writing skills in order to write reports. To improve their speaking skills so as to converse in their professional and business situations. DISCUSSION SKILLS 9

Negotiations - Types of Negotiations - Selling and Buying Products, Negotiating face to face and on the Phone - Bargaining and Making Concessions-. Group Discussions. UNIT II PRESENTATION SKILLS 9

Tips for effective Presentation, Different types of Presentation - Sales Presentation, Project Presentation, etc., Presentation practice. UNIT III BUSINESS COMMUNICATION SKILLS 9

Writing Minutes - Note making - Letter Writing - Applying for Jobs, CV Writing, To invite a candidate for an interview, Job promotion letters. UNIT IV INTERVIEW SKILLS 9

Preparing for Interviews - Etiquette, Body Language, Dress Code etc., Mock Interviews UNIT V MANAGERIAL AND SOCIAL SKILLS 9

Organizing, Conducting and Participating in Meetings - Interacting with people - Time Management - Writing Business Reports - Language and Style, Reports on Conferences, Meetings.

45
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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. BEC Vantage, Cambridge University Press. Edition 2005. Bill Mascull . 'Business Vocabulary in Use. Cambridge Cambridge, 2002. University Press.

Bill Mascull. 'Business Vocabulary in Use' Advanced. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 2004. Comfort, Jeremy. Et.al. 'Speaking Effectively: Developing Speaking Skills for Business English.' Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 1984. Gerson, Sharon, Steve M.Gerson. ' Technical Writing: Process and Product' Pearson Education , New Delhi. 2004. Leo Jones. 'New International Business English' Students book. Cambridge University Press. 2003. Leo Jones. ' New International Business English' Teachers' book . Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 2003. Richards, Jack.C. 'New Interchange: English for International Communication.' Foundation Books Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2006 Riordan, Pauley. 'Report Writing Today' AITBS Publisher, New Delhi. 2000. Rutherford , Andrea. J. ' Basic Communication Skills For Technology' Pearson Education Asia. 2002. Simon Sweeney. ' Communicating in Business' Students's Book. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge , 2003. Simon Sweeney. ' Communicating in Business' Teacher's Book. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge , 2004.

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SEMESTER - IV MA 204 UNIT I RANDOM PROCESSES PROBABILITY AND RANDOM VARIABLE L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Axioms of probability - Conditional probability - Total probability - Baye's theorem - Random variable - Probability mass function - Probability density function- Properties -Moments - Moment generating functions and their properties. UNIT II STANDARD DISTRIBUTIONS 9

Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Negative Binomial, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma, Weibull and Normal distributions and their properties - Functions of a random variable. UNIT III TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES 9

Joint distributions - Marginal and conditional distributions - Covariance Correlation and regression - Transformation of random variables - Central limit theorem. UNIT IV CLASSIFICATION OF RANDOM PROCESSES 9

Definition and examples - first order, second order, strictly stationary, wide sense stationary and Ergodic processes - Markov process - Binomial, Poisson and Normal processes - Sine wave process. UNIT V CORRELATION AND SPECTRAL DENSITIES 9

Auto correlation - Cross correlation - Properties - Power spectral density Cross spectral density - Properties - Wiener-Khintchine relation - Relationship between cross power spectrum and cross correlation function - Linear time invariant system - System transfer function -Linear systems with random inputs - Auto correlation and cross correlation functions of input and output. L:45, T:15 TOTAL : 60

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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Ross, S., "A First Course in Probability", Fifth edition, Pearson Education, Delhi, 2002. Peebles Jr. P.Z., "Probability Random Variables and Random Signal Principles", Tata McGraw-Hill Pubishers, Fourth Edition, New Delhi, 2002. (Chapters 6, 7 and 8). Henry Stark and John W. Woods "Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing", Pearson Education, Third edition, Delhi, 2002. Veerarajan. T., "Probabilitiy, Statistics and Random process", Tata McGrawHill Publications, Second Edition, New Delhi, 2002. Ochi, M.K. , "Applied Probability and Stochastic Process", John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990.

REFERENCES 1.

2. 3.

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EC 207 UNIT 1

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS - II FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS

L T P C 4 0 0 4 12

Block diagram of feedback amplifiers- Loop gain. Gain with feedback. Desensitivity of gain. Distortion and cut off frequencies with feedback. The four basic feedback topologies and determination of gain, Input and Output resistances with feedback. Method of identifying feedback topology-Analysis of feedback amplifiers. UNIT II OSCILLATORS 12

Barkhausen Criterion. Mechanism for start of oscillation and stabilization of amplitude. Analysis of Oscillator - RC phase shift Oscillator. Wien bridge Oscillator and twin-T Oscillators. Analysis of LC Oscillators, Colpitts, Hartley, Clapp, Miller and Pierce oscillators. Frequency range of RC and LC Oscillators. Quartz Crystal Construction. Electrical equivalent circuit of Crystal. Crystal Oscillator circuits. UNIT III TUNED AMPLIFIERS 12

Coil losses, unloaded and loaded Q of tank circuits. Analysis of single tuned and synchronously tuned amplifiers. Instability of tuned amplifiers. Stabilization techniques. Narrow band neutralization using coil. Broad banding using Hazeltine neutralization. Class C tuned amplifiers and their applications. Efficiency of Class C tuned Amplifier. UNIT IV WAVE SHAPING AND MULTIVIBRATOR CIRCUITS 12

RL & RC Integrator and Differentiator circuits. Diode clippers, clampers and slicers. Collector coupled and Emitter coupled Astable multivibrator. Monostable multivibrator. Bistable multivibrators. Triggering methods. Storage delay and calculation of switching times. Speed up capacitors. Schmitt trigger circuit. UNIT V BLOCKING OSCILLATORS AND TIMEBASE GENERATORS 12

Pulse transformers, Monostable Blocking Oscillators using Emitter and base timing. Frequency control using core saturation. Astable blocking oscillator, UJT sawtooth generators. Linearization using constant current circuit. Bootstrap and Miller saw-tooth generators. Current time base generators. TOTAL : 60

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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. Millman and Halkias. C., "Integrated Electronics", Tata McGraw-Hill 1991, (Unit - I,II). Schilling and Belove, "Electronic Circuits", TMH, Third Edition, 2002 (Unit III) Millman J. and Taub H., "Pulse Digital and Switching waveform", McGrawHill International (UNIT - IV & V) Sedra and Smith, "Micro Electronic Circuits" Oxford University Press, 2004. David A. Bell, "Solid State Pulse Circuits ", Prentice Hall of India, 1992.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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EC 208 UNIT I

SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS REPRESENTATION OF SIGNALS

L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Continuous and discrete time signals: Classification of Signals - Periodic and aperiodic, even and odd, energy and power signals, Deterministic and random signals, complex exponential and sinusoidal signals - Periodicity properties of discrete time complex exponential, Elementary signals: unit impulse, unit step, ramp signals, Transformation in independent variable of signals: time scaling, time shifting, time reversal. LTI systems, Response of LTI systems: convolution integral, Convolution sum. Basic properties of continuous time and discrete time systems: Linearity, Causality, time-invariance, stability, Interconnection of LTI Systems. UNIT II ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9

Determination of Fourier series representation of continuous time periodic signals - Explanation of properties of continuous time Fourier series, Continuous time Fourier Transform -magnitude and phase representations, Properties of the Continuous time Fourier Transform, Frequency response of LTI systems - Laplace Transform analysis with examples, Properties of Laplace Transform, Analysis and characterization of LTI systems using Laplace transform. Computation of impulse response and transfer function using Laplace transforms. UNIT III ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9

Determination of Fourier series representation of discrete time periodic signals - Explanation of properties of discrete time Fourier series, Discrete time Fourier Transform -magnitude and phase representations, - Properties of the Discrete time Fourier Transform and Frequency response of LTI systems, Systems described by Linear constant coefficient difference equation. UNIT IV Z-TRANSFORMS 9

Z-transform definition - region of convergence - properties of ROC - Properties of Z-transform - Poles and Zeros- Pole-zero plot - Inverse Z-transform using Contour integration - Residue Theorem, Power Series expansion and Partial fraction expansion, Pole location and stability of systems, Relationship between Z-transform and Fourier transform. Computation of Impulse response & Transfer function of discrete time systems using Z Transform. Interconnection of LTI Systems.
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UNIT V

REALIZATION STRUCTURES & SAMPLING THEOREM

Systems with finite duration and infinite duration impulse response - Recursive and Non-recursive discrete time system - Realization structures - Direct form - I, Direct form - II, Transpose, Cascade and Parallel forms. Realization of FIR systems using Transversal and Linear phase structures. Representation of continuous time signals by its samples - Sampling theorem - Reconstruction of a Signal from its samples, aliasing - discrete time processing of continuous time signals, sampling of band pass signals. L : 45, T :15 TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOK 1. Alan V. Oppenheim, Alan S. Willsky , S. Hamid Nawab, "Signals & Systems", 2nd ed., Pearson Education, 1997. John G.Proakis and Dimitris G.Manolakis, "Digital Signal Processing, Principles, Algorithms and Applications", 3rd Ed., PHI, 2000. M.J.Roberts, "Signals and Systems Analysis using Transform method and MATLAB", TMH 2003. Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen, "Signals and Systems", John Wiley, 1999. K.Lindner, "Signals and Systems", McGraw Hill International, 1999. Moman .H. Hays," Digital Signal Processing ", Schaum's outlines, Tata McGraw- Hill Co Ltd., 2004. Ashok Amhardar, "Analog and Digital Signal Processing", 2nd Ed., Thomson 2002.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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EC 214 UNIT I

NETWORKS, TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES FILTERS

L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

The neper - the decibel - Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks - Current and voltage ratios - Propogation constant, - Properties of Symmetrical Networks - Filter fundamentals - Pass and Stop bands. Behaviour of the Characteristic impedance. Constant K Filters - Low pass, High pass band, pass band elimination filters - m - derived sections - Filter circuit design Filter performance - Crystal Filters. UNIT II TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS 9

A line of cascaded T sections - Transmission lines - General Solution, Physical Significance of the equations, the infinite line, wavelength, velocity, propagation, Distortion line, the telephone cable, Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo, Reflection Coefficient, Open and short circuited lines, Insertion loss. UNIT III THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCY 9

Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial cable at RF - Line constants for dissipation - voltages and currents on the dissipation less line - standing waves - nodes - standing wave ratio - input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance measurement on lines -? / 4 line, Impedance matching - single and double-stub matching circle diagram, smith chart and its applications - Problem solving using Smith chart. UNIT IV GUIDED WAVES BETWEEN PARALLEL PLANES 9

Application of the restrictions to Maxwell's equations - transmission of TM waves between Parallel plans - Transmission of TE waves between Parallel planes. Transmission of TEM waves between Parallel planes - Manner of wave travel. Velocities of the waves - characteristic impedance - Attenuators UNIT V WAVEGUIDES 9

Application of Maxwell's equations to the rectangular waveguide. TM waves in Rectangular guide. TE waves in Rectangular waveguide - Cylindrical waveguides. The TEM wave in coaxial lines. Excitation of wave guides. Guide termination and resonant cavities. L: 45, T: 15 TOTAL= 60 PERIODS
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TEXT BOOK 1. John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2006. E.C.Jordan, K.G. Balmain: "E.M.Waves & Radiating Systems", Pearson Education, 2006. Joseph Edminister, Schaum's Series, Electromegnetics, TMH, 2007. G S N Raju, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson Education, 2006.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

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EC 210 UNIT I

LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS INTRODUCTION AND CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION OF LINEAR ICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 10

Op Amp characteristics, Ideal versus Practical, Building Blocks of Op amp, Current sources: Current mirror, Widlar & Wilson current sources, peaking current source, analysis of difference amplifier-Derivation of transfer characteristic, Analysis with active load, circuits for improving input impedance, level translator, output stage. Supply and temperature independent biasing, band gap references. Op Amp Specifications: input bias current, offset current, offset voltage, bandwidth, Gain Bandwidth product, frequency compensation and slew rate. UNIT II LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS 9

Linear circuits using operational amplifiers and their analysis: virtual ground, Inverting and non-inverting modes; adder, subtractor, difference amplifier; common mode rejection ratio (CMRR), Differentiator, Integrator, V to I converter and I to V converter, Instrumentation Amplifier, sine wave Oscillators, Log and Antilog amplifiers. First order, second order and higher order Low pass and high pass and band pass filter, Butterworth Filters, UNIT III NON LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS AND ANALOG MULTIPLIER 8

Precision rectifier, Comparator, Schmitt trigger, Multivibrators, Triangular wave generator. Analysis of four quadrant (Gilbert cell) and variable transconductance multiplier, DC analysis of Gilbert multiplier cell, Application of Gilbert cell as complete analog multiplier, modulator and phase detector. UNIT IV DAC and ADC 9

Analog switches, High speed Sample and Hold circuit. DAC techniques: Weighted Resistor, R-2R ladder, Inverted R-2R ladder, ADC techniques: Flash type, Counter type, Successive approximation, Single slope and Dual slope. DAC and ADC specifications - Linearity, accuracy, Monotonicity, Settling time and stability

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UNIT V

PLL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE ICS

Voltage controlled Oscillator, PLL and Closed loop analysis of PLL, Applications of PLL: Frequency translation, AM, FM and FSK modulators and demodulators, Frequency synthesizers. 555 timer IC, Applications: Astable and Monostable operation, Voltage regulator ICs: Linear and switched mode types, Switched capacitor filters, Frequency to voltage converter TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. D. Roy Choudhry, Shail Jain, "Linear Integrated Circuits", New Age International Pvt. Ltd., Second Edition (Unit I , II, III , IV and V) Gray and Meyer, 'Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits', Wiley International, Fourth Edition ( Unit I and III) J.Michael Jacob, 'Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits', Prentice Hall of India, 1996. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ramakant A. Gayakwad, 'OP-AMP and Linear IC's', Prentice Hall / Pearson Education, 1994. Millman.J. and Halkias.C.C. 'Integrated Electronics', McGraw-Hill, 1972. William D.Stanely, 'Operational Amplifiers with Linear Integrated Circuits'. Pearson Education, 2004. Sedra & Smith, " Micro Electronic Circuits", Oxford University Press, 5th edition Sergio Franco, "Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits", Tata McGraw-Hill ,Third Edition

REFERENCES 1 .

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EC 211 UNIT I

ANALOG COMMUNICATION AMPLITUDE MODULATIONS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Generation and demodulation of AM, DSB-SC, SSB-SC, VSB Signals, Filtering of sidebands, Comparison of Amplitude modulation systems, Frequency translation, Frequency Division multiplexing, AM transmitters Superheterodyne receiver, AM receiver. UNIT II ANGLE MODULATION 9

Angle modulation, frequency modulation, Narrowband and wideband FM, transmission bandwidth of FM signals, Generation of FM signal - Direct FM indirect FM, Demodulation of FM signals, FM stereo multiplexing, PLL Nonlinear model and linear model of PLL, Non-linear effects in FM systems, FM Broadcast receivers, FM stereo receivers. UNIT III NOISE PERFORMANCE OF DSB, SSB RECEIVERS 9

Noise - Shot noise, thermal noise, White noise, Noise equivalent Bandwidth, Narrowband noise, Representation of Narrowband noise in terms of envelope and phase components, Sine wave plus Narrowband Noise, Receiver model, Noise in DSB-SC receiver, Noise in SSB receiver. UNIT IV NOISE PERFORMANCE OF AM AND FM RECEIVERS 9

Noise in AM receivers threshold effect, Noise in FM receivers capture effect, FM threshold effect, FM threshold reduction, Pre-emphasis and de-emphasis in FM, Comparison of performance of AM and FM systems. UNIT V PULSE ANALOG MODULATION 9

Sampling Process and Sampling Theorem. Pulse Modulation - Pulse Amplitude modulation, Pulse Position Modulation, Pulse Width Modulation. Noise in pulse modulation. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Simon Haykin, "Communication Systems", John Wiley & Sons, NY, 4th Edition, 2001.

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Roddy and Coolen, Electronic communication, PHI, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 2003. Taub and Schilling, "Principles of communication systems", TMH, New Delhi, 1995. Bruce Carlson et al, Communication systems, McGraw-Hill Int., 4th Edition, 2002. P. Chakraborthy, "Analog Modulation", Dhanpat Rai & Co., 1998.

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EC 212

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB - II

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Design of Voltage Series feedback amplifier and determination of Frequency response, Input and output impedance. Design of Voltage Shunt feedback amplifier and determination of Frequency response, Input and output impedance. Design of Current Series feedback amplifier and determination of Frequency response, Input and output impedance. Design of Current Shunt feedback amplifier and determination of Frequency response, Input and output impedance. Design of RC Phase shift oscillator Design of Wein Bridge Oscillator Design of Hartley and Colpitts Oscillator. Design of Crystal Oscillator Design of Class C Single Tuned Amplifier Design of Collector Coupled Astable Multivibrator Design of Collector Coupled Monostable Multivibrator Design of Fixed Bias Bistable Multivibrator Design of Schmitt Trigger Design of UJT Relaxation Oscillator Current Series Feedback amplifier Voltage Shunt Feedback amplifier Astable multivibrator RC Phase shift Oscillator Hartley and Colpitts Oscillator Class C Single Tuned Amplifier

SIMULATION USING PSPICE:

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 213

LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Characteristics of Op-Amp - Input Bias current, offset current, offset voltages, bandwidth, gain-bandwidth product and slew rate. Inverting, Non inverting amplifiers and voltage follower. Adder, subtractor, difference amplifier - measurement of CMRR, Integrator, Differentiator. Instrumentation amplifier and measurement of CMRR. Precision rectifiers using Op-Amp. Active 2nd order Butterworth low pass, high pass and band pass filters. Astable, Monostable multivibrators and Schmitt Trigger using op-amp. Phase shift and Wien bridge oscillator using op-amp. Astable Multivibrator and Monostable Multivibrator using NE555 Timer. PLL characteristics and measurement of capture and locking range. DC power supply using LM723. Digital to Analog converter using Op-Amp. Study of SMPS. Simulation using PSpice, Netlist of experiments 4,6,7,8 & 9.

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TP 201

CONFIDENCE BUILDING & BEHAVIOURAL SKILLS (Common for all branches)

L T P C 0 0 2 1

Note : This course will be offered by Training and Placement faculty supplemented by external experts.

1.

At the end of this training program the participant will be able to


v v v v

15

Define self confidence Comprehend the importance of having self confidence Discuss ways to build up self confidence Recognize the importance of the tips and warnings 15 Behavioural Patterns and Basic Etiquette Value System Inter Personal Skills Corporate Culture Self Awareness Managing Self and Personality Styles TOTAL : 30

2.

Improving of
v v v v v v

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SEMESTER - V MA 302 UNIT I COMPUTATIONAL METHODS L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS

Linear interpolation methods (method of false position) - Newton's method Statement of Fixed Point Theorem - Fixed point iteration: x=g(x) method Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon methodsIterative methods: Gauss Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods- Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method - Eigen value of a matrix by power method. UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9

Lagrangian Polynomials - Divided differences - Interpolating with a cubic spline - Newton's forward and backward difference formulas. UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9

Derivatives from difference tables - Divided differences and finite differences -Numerical integration by trapezoidal, Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules - Romberg's method - Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature formulas - Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpson's rules. UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9

Single step methods: Taylor series method - Euler and modified Euler methods - Fourth order Runge - Kutta method for solving first and second order equations - Multistep methods: Milne's and Adam's predictor and corrector methods. UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9

Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation - Finite difference solution of one dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods - One dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations. L : 45, T :15 TOTAL : 60

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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Gerald, C.F, and Wheatley, P.O, "Applied Numerical Analysis", Sixth Edition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2002. Balagurusamy, E., "Numerical Methods", Tata McGraw-Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New Delhi, 1999. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K. and Gunavathy, K., "Numerical Methods", S.Chand Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. Burden, R.L and Faires, T.D., "Numerical Analysis", Seventh Edition, Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd., Singapore, 2002.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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EC 301 UNIT I

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION BASEBAND SIGNALLING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Baseband data formats & their properties - Matched filter - ISI and Nyquist's criterion for distortionless transmission - Correlative coding - M-ary schemes - Eye-pattern, Equalization, Adaptive Equalization - Bit Synchronization. UNIT II BANDPASS SIGNALLING 9

Geometric Representation of signals - Generation, detection, PSD and BER of Coherent BPSK, BFSK, and QPSK - Principles of CPFSK (MSK, GMSK), and QAM - Carrier synchronization- Structure of Non-Coherent Receivers Principle of DPSK. UNIT III INFORMATION THEORY 9

Entropy - Discrete memory less channels - Mutual information - Channel capacity - Channel transition matrices - Channel capacity for continuous channels Hartley-Shannon law - Source coding theorem - Huffman and ShannonFano codes. UNIT IV ERROR CONTROL CODING 9

Channel coding theorem - Linear Block codes - Hamming codes - Cyclic codes - Convolution codes - Viterbi Decoder - Trellis Coded Modulation. UNIT V SPREAD SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES 9

Spread Spectrum Codes - PN sequence - Auto correlation and Cross correlation properties - M Sequences - Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Code synchronization, Processing Gain - Jamming Resistance - CDMA Frequency Hop Spread Spectrum. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. 2. Simon Haykin, "Communication Systems", 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons (2001). Simon Haykin, "Digital Communications", John Wiley & Sons (2005).

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Leon W. Couch, "Modern Communication Systems: Principles and Applications", Prentice Hall. John G. Proakis, "Digital Communication", 4th Edition, McGraw Hill Higher Education (2000). Bernard Sklar, "Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications", 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall (2001). B. P. Lathi, "Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems", 3rd Edition, Oxford University Press (1998). Roger L. Peterson, David E. Borth and Rodger E. Ziemer, "Introduction to Spread Spectrum Communications", 1st Edition, Prentice Hall Inc (1995).

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EC 302 UNIT I

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM

L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Introduction to Discrete Fourier Transform, Direct computation of DFT, Properties of DFT, Efficient computation of DFT - FFT algorithms - Radix -2 FFT algorithms -Decimation in Time, Decimation in Frequency algorithms, Computing Inverse DFT, Filtering of long data sequences- Overlap save and Overlap add methods, Use of FFT algorithms in Linear Filtering. UNIT II DIGITAL FILTERS DESIGN 9 Amplitude and phase responses of FIR filters - symmetric and anti-symmetric impulse response, group delay and phase delay, Frequency response of FIR filters, Linear phase filters - Windowing techniques for design of Linear phase FIR filters - Rectangular, Hamming, Hanning and Blackmann windows, Frequency sampling techniques. IIR Filters- Design of Low Pass Butterworth filters, analog to analog transformation -Analog to digital transformation, Bilinear transformation - prewarping, Impulse invariant transformation. UNIT III FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9

Representation of numbers, - Fixed point and binary floating point number representation - comparison, errors due to truncation and rounding- off, Quantization noise - derivation for quantization noise power at the input and output of a digital filter , Co-efficient quantization error -product quantization error, Round-off effects in digital filters, Limit cycle oscillation - Over flow error - Signal scaling. UNIT IV MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING 9 Mathematical description of change of sampling rate - Interpolation and Decimation , Decimation by an integer factor, Interpolation by an integer factor, Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor, Time and frequency domain descriptions - Single, Multi stage, Polyphase structures - Quadrature Mirror Filter banks - Sub-band Coding, few applications using sub-band coding. UNIT V DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9 Introduction to DSP architecture - Harvard and Von Neumann architecture Pipelining - Dedicated MAC unit - Advanced addressing modes, Architecture of TMS320C5X and C54X, Overview of instruction set of TMS320C5X and C54X. L : 45, T : 15 TOTAL : 60
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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. John G Proakis, Dimtris G Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and Application, PHI, 3rd Edition, 2000. B.Venkataramani & M. Bhaskar, Digital Signal Processor Architecture, Programming and Application, TMH 2002. Alan V Oppenheim, Ronald W Schafer, John R Back, Discrete Time Signal Processing, PHI, 2nd Edition 2000. Avtar Singh, S.Srinivasan, DSP Implementation using DSP microprocessor with Examples from TMS32C54XX -Thomson / Brooks cole Publishers, 2003. Johny R.Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1984. S.K.Mitra, "Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach", Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998, New Delhi.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 303 UNIT I

MICROPROCESSOR & ITS APPLICATIONS 8085 CPU

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

8085 Architecture - Pin diagram - Instruction set - Addressing modes - Timing diagrams - Memory interfacing: Memory mapping, Absolute decoding and Linear select decoding - Interfacing, I/O devices: Memory mapped I/O and I/ O mapped I/O schemes. UNIT II 8085 PROGRAMMING AND INTERRUPTS. 9

Assembly Language Programming With 8085- Arithmetic operations- sorting and searching-Array operations-square and Square root -Look up table- Delays and Delay Calculations -Interrupt structure. UNIT III PERIPHERALS INTERFACING 9

Interfacing Serial I/O (8251)- parallel I/O (8255) -Keyboard and Display controller (8279) - ADC/DAC interfacing -8253 Timer interface-8257 DMA controller-Bus: RS232C-GPIB-Introduction to 8086 Micro processor. UNIT IV 8051 MICROCONTROLLER 9

8051 Micro controller hardware- I/O pins, ports and circuits- External memory -Counters and Timers-Serial Data I/O- Interrupts-Interfacing to external memory and 8255. UNIT V 8051 PROGRAMMING AND ADVANCED PROCESSORS 9

8051 instruction set - Addressing modes - Assembly language programming - I/O port programming - Interrupt structure -8051 Interfacing: ADC, Stepper Motors, Keyboard and DAC. Introduction to Advanced Processors -Pentium 4 Processors - RISC and ARM Processors. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. Ramesh. S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and application with 8085, 4th Edition, Penram International Publishing, New Delhi, 2000. (Unit I, II & III) John Uffenbeck, The 80x86 Family, Design, Programming and Interfacing, Third Edition. Pearson Education, 2002.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

3.

Mohammed Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi, The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2003. (Unit IV, V) A.K. Ray and K.M.Burchandi, Intel Microprocessors Architecture Programming and Interfacing, McGraw Hill International Edition, 2000 Kenneth J Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and Application, 2nd Edition, Penram International Publishers (India), New Delhi, 1996. M. Rafi Quazzaman, Microprocessors Theory and Applications: Intel and Motorola prentice Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

3.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 304 UNIT I

ANTENNAS & PROPAGATION RADIATION FIELDS OF WIRE ANTENNAS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Concept of vector potential. Modification for time varying, retarded case. Fields associated with Hertzian dipole. Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element. Radiation resistance of elementary dipole with linear current distribution. Radiation from half-wave dipole and quarter-wave monopole. Assumed current distribution for wire antennas. Use of capacitance hat and loading coil for short antennas. UNIT II ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS AND ANTENNA ARRAYS 9

Definitions: Radiation intensity. Directive gain. Directivity. Power gain. Beam Width. Band Width. Gain and radiation resistance of current element. Halfwave dipole and folded dipole. Reciprocity principle. Effective length and Effective area. Relation between gain effective length and radiation resistance. Loop Antennas: Radiation from small loop and its radiation resistance. Radiation from a loop with circumference equal to a wavelength and resultant circular polarization on axis. Helical antenna. Normal mode and axial mode operation. Antenna Arrays: Expression for electric field from two and three element arrays. Uniform linear array. Method of pattern multiplication. Binomial array. Use of method of images for antennas above ground. UNIT III TRAVELLING WAVE (WIDEBAND) ANTENNAS 9

Radiation from a traveling wave on a wire. Analysis of Rhombic antenna. Design of Rhombic antennas. Coupled Antennas: Self and mutual impedance of antennas. Two and three element Yagi antennas. Log periodic antenna. Reason for feeding from end with shorter dipoles and need for transposing the lines. Effects of decreasing. UNIT IV APERTURE AND LENS ANTENNAS 9

Radiation from an elemental area of a plane wave (Huygen's Source). Radiation from the open end of a coaxial line. Radiation from a rectangular aperture treated as an array of Huygen's sources. Equivalence of fields of a slot and complementary dipole. Relation between dipole and slot impedances. Method of feeding slot antennas. Thin slot in an infinite cylinder. Field on the axis of
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an E-Plane sectoral horn. Radiation from circular aperture. Beam Width and Effective area. Reflector type of antennas (dish antennas). Dielectric lens and metal plane lens antennas. Lumeberg lens. Spherical waves and Biconical antenna. UNIT V PROPAGATION 9

The three basic types of propagation; ground wave, space wave and sky wave propagation. Sky wave propagation: Structure of the ionosphere. Effective dielectric constant of ionized region. Mechanism of refraction. Refractive index. Critical frequency. Skip distance. Effect of earth's magnetic field. Energy loss in the ionosphere due to collisions. Maximum usable frequency. Fading and Diversity reception. Space wave propagation: Reflection from ground for vertically and horizontally polarized waves. Reflection characteristics of earth. Resultant of direct and reflected ray at the receiver. Duct propagation. Ground wave propagation: Attenuation characteristics for ground wave propagation. Calculation of field strength at a distance. TOTAL : 45 TEXTBOOKS 1. 2. E.C. Jordan and Balmain, "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating Systems", PHI, 1968, Reprint 2003. Constantine A. Ballanis , "Antenna Theory " , John Wiley & Sons, second edition, 2003. John D.Kraus and Ronald J. Marhefka, "Antennas for all applications", 3rd Edition Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, 2006. R. E. Collins, 'Antennas and Radio Propagation ", McGraw-Hill, 1987.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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EI

382

MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION

L T P C 3 0 0 3

UNIT I

BASIC MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS

Measurement systems - Static and dynamic characteristics - Units and standards of measurements - error analysis - moving coil, moving iron meters - multimeters - True RMS meters - Bridge measurements - Maxwell, Hay, Schering, Anderson and Wien bridge. UNIT II BASIC ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS 9

Electronic multimeters - Cathode ray oscilloscopes - block schematic applications - special oscilloscopes - Q meters - Vector meters - RF voltage and power measurements. UNIT III SIGNAL GENERATORS AND ANALYZERS 9

Function generators - RF signal generators - Sweep generators - Frequency synthesizer - wave analyzer - Harmonic distortion analyzer - spectrum analyzer. UNIT IV DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS 9

Comparison of analog and digital techniques - digital voltmeter - multimeters - frequency counters - measurement of frequency and time interval - extension of frequency range - measurement errors. UNIT V DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS AND FIBER OPTIC MEASUREMENTS 9

Elements of digital data acquisition system - interfacing of transducers multiplexing - computer controlled instrumentation - IEEE 488 bus - fiber optic measurements for power and system loss - Optical time domain reflectometer. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper - Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement, Pearson education, 2003. Alan. S. Morris, Principles of Measurements and Instrumentation, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd edn., 2003. Ernest O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems- Application and Design-Tata McGraw-Hill-2004.

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EC 305

COMMUNICATION LABORATORY

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS ANALOG COMMUNICATION LAB 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a. b. Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation. Analog Pulse Modulation and Demodulation. Mixer and frequency down-converter. Sampling Theorem - Verification, Aliasing effects. Phase Lock Loop and Frequency Synthesizer. Pulse Code Modulation Line Coding and Decoding, Manchester, AMI - Properties. Digital Modulation and Demodulation - ASK, BPSK, BFSK and QPSK Delta Modulation Generation of PN sequence and studying its characteristics. Simulation Using MATLAB: Performance Evaluation of Digital Modulation systems. Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Techniques.

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LAB

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EC 306

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING MATLAB 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Generation of Signals, Even- Odd decomposition. Impulse, Step response and Frequency response of LTI systems Linear and Circular convolution of two sequences Determination of Discrete Fourier Series expansion of periodic signals. Determination of Discrete Fourier Transform Design of FIR filters Design of IIR filters Sampling and effect of aliasing. Sampling rate conversion: Decimation and Interpolation by integer factors, Spectrum of sampled signal.

10. Periodogram computation. USING TMS320C54X 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Study of various addressing modes of DSP using simple programming examples Sampling of input signal and display. Computation of DFT. Linear and Circular convolution of two sequences. Determination of Discrete Fourier Series expansion of periodic signals. Implementations of FIR filter.

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EC 307 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

MICROPROCESSOR LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

Programs for 8/16 bit Arithmetic operations (Using 8085). Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8085). Programs for Digital clock (Using 8085). Interfacing ADC and DAC. 8255 PPI interface. Interfacing and Programming 8253 PTI. Serial Communication using 8251 USART. Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor. Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051microcontroller. Traffic light interface using 8051. Stepper motor interface using 8051.

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TP 301

CAREER BUILDING & PEOPLE SKILLS (Common for all branches)

L T P C 0 0 2 1

This course will be offered by Training and Placement faculty supplemented by outsiders. The course content will include
v

Creation of awareness of the top companies / different verticals / courses for improving skill set matrix. Industry expectations to enable them to prepare for their career. Group discussions : Do's and Don'ts - handling of Group discussions What evaluators look for. Development of positive frame of mind - avoiding inhibitions - Creation of self awareness - Overcoming of inferiority / superiority complex. Interview - awareness of facing questions - Do's and Don'ts of personal interview. Selection of appropriate field vis--vis personality / interest. Preparation of Curriculum Vitae - Objectives, profiles vis-a-vis companies. Enabling students prepare for different procedures / levels to enter into any company - books / websites to help for further preparation. Technical interview - how to prepare to face it. Entrepreneurship development - preparation for tests prior to the interview - Qualities and pre-requisites for launching a firm. Interpersonal relationships - with colleagues - clients - understanding one's own behaviour - perception by others. How to work with persons whose background, culture, language / work style different from one's.

v v

v v v

v v

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SEMESTER - VI EC 308 UNIT I COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS L T P C 3 0 0 3 10

Functional units- Basic Operational Concepts, Bus Structures, Software Performance - Memory locations & addresses - Memory operations - Instruction and instruction sequencing - Addressing modes - Assembly language - Basic I/O operations - Stacks and queues. UNIT II ARITHMETIC 8

Addition and subtraction of signed numbers - Design of fast adders Multiplication of positive numbers- Signed operand multiplication and fast multiplication - Integer division - floating point numbers and operations. UNIT III BASIC PROCESSING UNIT 9

Fundamental concepts - Execution of a complete Instruction - Multiple bus organization - Hardwired control - Microprogrammed control. Pipelining - Basic concepts - Data hazards - Instruction hazards - Influence on Instruction sets - Data path and control consideration - Superscalar operation. UNIT IV MEMORY SYSTEM 9

Basic concepts - Semiconductor RAMs, ROMs - Speed, size and cost Associative memory - Cache memories - Performance consideration - Virtual memory- Memory Management requirements - Secondary storage. UNIT-V I/O ORGANIZATION 9

Accessing I/O devices - Interrupts - Direct Memory Access - Buses - Interface Circuits - Standard I/O Interfaces (PCI and USB). TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Carl Hamacher, Zvonko Vranesic and Safwat Zaky, "Computer Organization" 5th Ed, McGraw Hill, 2002. Morris Mano, "Computer System Architecture", 3rd Edition, PHI, 2001.

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. William Stallings, "Computer Organization & Architecture - Designing for Performance", 6th Ed., Pearson Education, 2003 reprint. David A.Patterson and John L.Hennessy, "Computer Organization & Design, the hardware / software interface", 2nd Ed, Morgan Kaufmann, 2002 reprint. John P.Hayes, "Computer Architecture & Organization", 3rd Ed, McGrawHill, 1998.

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EC 309 UNIT I

COMPUTER NETWORKS DATA COMMUNICATIONS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 8

Components - Direction of Data flow - networks - Components and Categories - types of Connections - Topologies -Protocols and Standards - ISO / OSI model - Transmission Media - Coaxial Cable - Fiber Optics - Line Coding Modems - RS232 Interfacing sequences. UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER 12

Error - detection and correction - Parity - LRC - CRC - Hamming code - Flow Control and Error control: stop and wait - Go back N ARQ - Selective repeat ARQ- Sliding window techniques - HDLC. LAN: Ethernet IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.4, and IEEE 802.5 - IEEE 802.11- FDDI, SONET - Bridges. UNIT III NETWORK LAYER 10

Internetworks - Packet Switching and Datagram approach - IP addressing methods - Subnetting - Routing - Distance Vector Routing - Link State Routing - Routers. UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER 8

Duties of transport layer - Multiplexing - Demultiplexing - Sockets - User Datagram Protocol (UDP) - Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - Congestion Control - Quality of services (QOS) - Integrated Services. UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER 7

Domain Name Space (DNS) - SMTP, FDP, HTTP, WWW - Security Cryptography. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK : 1. Behrouz A. Forouzan, "Data communication and Networking", Tata McGrawHill, 2004. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, "Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach Featuring", Pearson Education.
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REFERENCES : 1.

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

2. 3. 4.

Larry L. Peterson & Peter S. Davis, "COMPUTER NETWORKS", Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., Second Edition. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, "Computer Networks", PHI, Fourth Edition, 2003. William Stallings, "Data and Computer Communication", Sixth Edition, Pearson Education, 2000.

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EC 310 UNIT I

MICROWAVE ENGINEERING MICROWAVE COMPONENTS

L T P C 4 0 0 4 12

Microwave Frequencies, Microwave Devices, Microwave Systems, Microwave Units of Measure, Microwave Hybrid Circuits, Waveguide Tees, Magic Tees (Hybrid Trees), Hybrid Rings (Rat-Race Circuits), Waveguide Corners, Bends and Twists, Directional Couplers, Two-Hole Directional Couplers, Z & ABCD Parameters- Introduction to S parameters, S Matrix of a Directional Coupler, Hybrid Couplers, Circulators and Isolators: Microwave Circulators, Microwave Isolators. UNIT II TRANSFERRED ELECTRON DEVICES (TEDs) & AVALANCHE TRANSIT-TIME DEVICES 12

Introduction, Gunn-Effect Diodes - GaAs Diode, Background, Gunn Effect, Ridely-Watkins-Hilsun (RWH) Theory, Differential Negative Resistance, TwoValley Model Theory, High-Field Domain, Modes of Operation, LSA Diodes, InP Diodes, CdTe Diodes, Microwave Generation and Amplification, Microwave Generation, Microwave Amplification. AVALANCHE TRANSIT-TIME DEVICES: Introduction, Read Diode, Physical Description, Avalanche Multiplication, Carrier Current Io(t) and External Current Ie(t), Output Power and Quality Factor, IMPATT Diodes, Physical Structures, Negative Resistance, Power Output and Efficiency, TRAPATT Diodes, Physical Structures, Principles of Operation, Power Output and Efficiency, BARITT Diodes, Physical Description, Principles of Operation, Microwave Performance, Parametric Devices, Physical Structures, Nonlinear Reactance and Manley - Rowe Power Relations, Parametric Amplifiers, Applications. UNIT III MICROWAVE LINEAR-BEAM TUBES (O TYPE) & MICROWAVE CROSSED-FIELD TUBES (M TYPE) 12 Klystrons, Reentrant Cavities, Velocity-Modulation Process, Bunching Process, Output Power and Beam Loading, State of the Art, Multicavity Klystron Amplifiers, Beam-Current Density, Output Current Output Power of Two-Cavity Klystron, Output Power of Four-Cavity Klystron, Reflex Klystrons, Velocity Modulation, Power Output and Efficiency, Electronic Admittance, Helix Traveling-Wave Tubes (TWTs), Slow-Wave structures, Amplification Process, Convection Current, Axial Electric Field, Wave Modes, Gain Consideration. Microwave Crossed - Field Tubes : Magnetron Oscillators, Cylindrical Magnetron, Coaxial Magnetron, Tunable Magnetron, Ricke diagram.

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UNIT IV STRIP LINES & MONOLITHIC MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

12

Introduction, Microstrip Lines, Characteristic Impedance of Microstrip Lines, Losses in Microstrip Lines, Quality Factor Q of Microstrip Lines, Parallel Strip Lines, Distributed Lines, Characteristic Impedance, Attenuation Losses, Coplanar Strip Lines, Shielded Strip Lines, References, Problems. Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits: Introduction, Materials, Substrate Materials, Conductor Materials, Dielectric Materials, Resistive Materials, Monolithic Microwave Integrated-Circuit Growth, MMIC Fabrication Techniques, Fabrication Example. UNIT V MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS 12

Slotted line VSWR measurement, VSWR through return loss measurements, power measurement, impedance measurement insertion loss and attenuation measurements- measurement of scattering parameters - Measurement of dielectric constant of a solid using waveguide TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Samuel Y.Liao : Microwave Devices and Circuits - Prentice Hall of India - 3rd Edition (2003) (UNITS I to IV) Annapurna Das and Sisir K. Das: Microwave Engineering - Tata McGrawHill (2000) (UNIT V) R.E. Collin : Foundations for Microwave Engineering - IEEE Press, Second Edition (2002) David M. Pozar : Microwave Engineering - John Wiley & Sons - 2nd Edition (2003) Peter .A. Rizzi - Microwave Engineering: Passive Circuits - PHI, 1988.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

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EC 311 UNIT I

VLSI DESIGN BASIC DEVICE CHARACTERISTICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

NMOS, PMOS and CMOS devices - Characteristics, linear, saturation modes, Fabrication- (NMOS, PMOS, CMOS, BiCMOS) Technology - NMOS transistor current equation, Bulk effect capacitance, Threshold voltage, MOS Transistor Model. UNIT II NMOS & CMOS INVERTER AND GATES 9

NMOS & CMOS inverter - Characteristics, Determination of pull up / pull down ratios, Stick diagram , layout, lambda based rules, BiCMOS logic, other CMOS structures, Construction of Gates using NMOS and CMOS logic, pass transistor logic. UNIT III BUILDING BLOCKS OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS 9

Combinational Logic and Sequential logic circuits - Construction of Full adder, multiplexers, transmission gates, latches, flip-flops. Data path circuits- Adder, Multiplier architectures and ALU design. UNIT IV PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES AND FPGAS 9

Programmable Logic interconnect principles and types, Programmable logic elements and AND-OR arrays, Routing Procedures in FPGAs and CPLD, programming methods for FPGAs and CPLDs, Comparison of ACTEL, Altera and Xilinx FPGAs. UNIT V PRINCIPLES OF HDL 9

Introduction to VHDL - sequential and concurrent descriptions. Signal, port and variable statements. Wait, case and other sequential statements. Block, process component. Operators - Packages - Combinational and Sequential circuit coding- sub programs - Test benches. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. D.A. Pucknell, K.Eshraghian, 'Basic VLSI Design', 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2003. Eugene D. Fabricius, 'Introduction to VLSI Design', Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. N.H. Weste, 'Principles of CMOS VLSI Design', Pearson Education, India, 2002. Charles H. Roth, 'Fundamentals of Logic Design', Jaico Publishing House, 1992. Zainalabdin Navabi, 'VHDL Analysis and Modeling of Digital Systems', 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998.

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MS 081 UNIT I

ENGINEERING ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Definition of Management - Science or Art - Management and Administration - Development of Management Thought - Contribution of Taylor and Fayol Functions of Management - Types of Business Organisation. UNIT II PLANNING 9

Nature & Purpose - Steps involved in Planning - Objectives - Setting Objectives - Process of Managing by Objectives - Strategies, Policies & Planning Premises- Forecasting - Decision-making. UNIT III ORGANISING 9

Nature and Purpose - Formal and informal organization - Organization Chart - Structure and Process - Departmentation by difference strategies - Line and Staff authority - Benefits and Limitations - De-Centralization and Delegation of Authority - Staffing - Selection Process - Techniques - HRD - Managerial Effectiveness. UNIT IV DIRECTING 9

Scope - Human Factors - Creativity and Innovation - Harmonizing Objectives - Leadership - Types of Leadership Motivation - Hierarchy of needs - Motivation theories - Motivational Techniques - Job Enrichment - Communication - Process of Communication - Barriers and Breakdown - Effective Communication Electronic media in Communication. UNIT V CONTROLLING 9

System and process of Controlling - Requirements for effective control - The Budget as Control Technique - Information Technology in Controlling - Use of computers in handling the information - Productivity - Problems and Management - Control of Overall Performance - Direct and Preventive Control - Reporting - The Global Environment - Globalization and Liberalization International Management and Global theory of Management. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich "Essentials of Management", Tata McGrawHill,1998
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2.

Joseph L Massie "Essentials of Management", Prentice Hall of India, (Pearson) Fourth Edition, 2003. Tripathy PC And Reddy PN, " Principles of Management", Tata McGraw-Hill, 1999. Decenzo David, Robbin Stephen A, "Personnel and Human Reasons Management", Prentice Hall of India, 1996 JAF Stomer, Freeman R. E and Daniel R Gilbert Management, Pearson Education, Sixth Edition, 2004. Fraidoon Mazda, "Engineering Management", Addison Wesley,-2000.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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EI

381

CONTROL SYSTEMS CONTROL SYSTEM MODELLING

L T P C 4 0 0 4 12

UNIT I

System concept: open loop and closed loop systems, examples-Differential equations and transfer functions- Mathematical Modeling of physical systems: electrical systems, translational and rotational mechanical systems, Simple electromechanical systems-Electrical analogous of mechanical systems. Block diagram representation of systems - Block diagram reduction methods - Closed loop transfer function- signal flow graphs. UNIT II TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS 12

Test signals - types and order of systems - time response of first order and second order systems - time domain specifications -- steady state errorsgeneralised error co-efficients -- concepts of stability: Routh-Hurwitz stability - root locus. UNIT III FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS 12

Frequency response - correlation between time and frequency response Polar and bode plots - stability analysis - Gain margin and phase margin Nyquist stability criterion. UNIT IV COMPENSATORS 12

Introduction to P, PI and PID controllers - feedback compensation - design of lag, lead, lag-lead compensator using Bode plot - cascade compensation. UNIT V CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND APPLICATION OF CONTROL SYSTEMS 12

Stepper motors - AC servo motor - DC servo motor - Synchros - sensors and encoders - DC tacho generator - AC tacho generator - Hydraulic controller Pneumatic controller - Typical application of control system in industry. TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Ogata.K, Modern Control Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 4th Edition, 2003 (UNIT I - IV) Nagrath & Gopal, Control System Engineering, 3rd Edition, New Age International Edition, 2002. (UNIT V)
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REFERENCES 1. 2. Benjamin.C.Kuo, Automatic Control Systems, 7th Edition - Prentice Hall of India, 2002. M.Gopal, Control Systems, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1997

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EC 312 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

VLSI DESIGN LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

Study of Simulation tools. Study of Synthesis tools. Study of development tool for FPGAs for schematic entry and VHDL. Design of traffic light controller using VHDL and above tools. Design and simulation of parallel adder to add/ subtract 2 numbers of 8 bits each. Simulation and synthesis of VHDL files for multiplying two 8 bit numbers. Simulation and synthesis of VHDL files for Shift register and Counters. Verification of on board LEDs and switches of FPGA using VHDL codes. Testing the traffic controller design developed in SI. NO.5 on the FPGA board Design of Real time Clock (2 digits, 7 segments LED displays each for Hrs, Min, and Sec) and verification in the FPGA board. Stepper motor and DC motor control using FPGA.

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EC 313 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

MICROWAVE LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

Characteristics of Gunn diode Oscillator. Characteristics of Reflex Klystron. Microwave Power Measurement. Characteristics of Directional Coupler and Magic Tee. Determination of guide wavelength, frequency measurement. VSWR Measurements Determination of impedances of microwave components. Radiation Pattern of Horns, Paraboloids. Measurement of Dielectric constants. Study of network analyzer in microwave measurements & s-parameters determination.

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EC 314 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1.

NETWORK LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

PC to PC Communication Parallel Communication using 8 bit parallel cable Serial communication using RS 232C

2.

Ethernet LAN protocol To create scenario and study the performance of CSMA/CD protocol Ethernet protocol simulation

3. T 4.

Token bus and token ring protocols o create scenario and study the performance of token bus and token ring protocols through simulation Wireless LAN protocols To create scenario and study the performance of network with CSMA / CA protocol and compare with CSMA/CD protocols.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Implementation and study of stop and wait protocol Implementation and study of Go back-N and selective repeat protocols Implementation of distance vector routing algorithm Implementation of Link state routing algorithm Implementation of Data encryption and decryption Transfer of files from PC to PC using Windows / Unix socket processing

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TP 302

PROBLEM SOLVING & THINKING SKILLS (Common for all branches)

L T P C 0 0 2 1

Note : This course will be offered by Training and Placement faculty supplemented by external experts. At the end of this training program the participant will be able to
v v v v v v v v

30

Explain the concept of problem solving Outline the basic steps in problem solving List out the key elements Explain the use of tools and techniques in problem solving Discuss the personality types and problem solving techniques. By adapting different thinking styles in group and lean environment. Recognizing and removing barriers to thinking in challenging situations. Make better decision through critical thinking and creative problem solving. TOTAL : 30

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SEMESTER - VII EC 401 UNIT I ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN INTRODUCTION TO RF DESIGN L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

RF behaviour of passive components, Chip components and circuit board considerations, Review of transmission lines, Impedance and admittance transformation, Parallel and series connection of networks, ABCD and scattering parameters, Analysis of amplifier using scattering parameter. RF filter - Basic resonator and filter configurations - Butterworth and Chebyshev filters. Implementation of microstrip filter design. Band pass filter and cascading of band pass filter elements. UNIT II RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN 9

Impedance matching using discrete components. Microstrip line matching networks. Amplifier classes of operation and biasing networks - Amplifier power gain, Unilateral design(S12 =0) - Simple input and output matching networks - Bilateral design - Stability circle and conditional stability, Simultaneous conjugate matching for unconditionally stable transistors. Broadband amplifiers, High power amplifiers and multistage amplifiers. UNIT III DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES 9

DC power supply design using transistors and SCRs, Design of crowbar and foldback protection circuits, Switched mode power supplies, Forward, flyback, buck and boost converters, Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPS. UNIT IV DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9

Amplification of Low level signals, Grounding, Shielding and Guarding techniques, Dual slope, quad slope and high speed A/D converters, Microprocessors Compatible A/D converters, Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters, Sample and Hold, Design of two and four wire transmitters. UNIT V DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9

Introduction to technology of printed circuit boards (PCB), General lay out and rules and parameters, PCB design rules for Digital, High Frequency, Analog, Power Electronics and Microwave circuits, Computer Aided design of PCBs. TOTAL : 45
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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. Reinhold Luduig and Pavel Bretchko, RF Circuit Design - Theory and Applications, Pearson Education, 2000. Sydney Scolf, "Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits ", PHI, 1990. Walter C. Bosshart, "Printed circuit Boards - Design and Technology", TATA McGraw-Hill, 1983. Keith H.Billings, "Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies" McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1989. Michael Jacob, "Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits" Prentice Hall of India, 1991. Otmar Kigenstein, "Switched Mode Power supplies in Practice", John Wiley and Sons, 1989. Muhammad H.Rashid, Power Electronics - Circuits, Devices and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 2004.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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EC 402 UNIT I

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS

L T P C 3 1 0 4 9

Elements of digital image processing systems, Elements of Visual perception, brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, Mach band effect, Color image fundamentals -RGB, HSI models, Image sampling and quantization, Matrix and Singular Value representation of discrete images. UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9

1D DFT, 2D DFT, Cosine, Sine, Hadamard, Haar, Slant, KL, SVD transform and their properties. UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9

Histogram - Modification and specification techniques, Spatial averaging, Image smoothing, Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean filters, Image sharpening, generation of spatial masks from frequency domain specification, Nonlinear filters, Homomorphic filtering, false color, Pseudo color and color image processing. UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION, IMAGE RESTORATION AND RECOGNITION 9

Edge detection, Image segmentation by region growing, region splitting and merging, edge linking. Image degradation models, Unconstrained and Constrained restoration, inverse filtering, Least mean square filter, Pattern Classes, optimal statistical classifiers, Neural networks and associated training methods and use of neural networks in image processing. UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9

Need for data compression, Run length coding, Huffman coding, Shift codes, arithmetic coding, bit plane coding, transform coding, JPEG Standard, wavelet transform, predictive techniques, Block truncation coding schemes, Vector Quantization. L : 45, T : 15 TOTAL : 60

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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Anil K.Jain, "Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing", Prentice Hall of India, 1997. Rafel C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing", Addison Wesley, 1993. William K. Pratt, "Digital Image Processing", John Wiley, NJ, 1987. Sid Ahmed M.A., "Image Processing Theory, Algorithm and Architectures", McGraw-Hill, 1995.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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EC 403 UNIT I

CELLULAR MOBILE COMMUNICATION

L T P C 3 0 0 3

CELLULAR CONCEPT AND SYSTEM DESIGN FUNDAMENTALS 9

Introduction to wireless communication: Evolution of mobile communications, mobile radio systems- Examples, trends in cellular radio and personal communications. Cellular Concept: Frequency reuse, channel assignment, hand-off, Interference and system capacity, tracking and grade of service, Improving Coverage and capacity in Cellular systems. UNIT II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 9

Free space propagation model, reflection, diffraction, scattering, link budget design, Outdoor Propagation models, Indoor propagation models, Small scale Multipath propagation, Impulse model, Small scale Multipath measurements, parameters of Mobile multipath channels, types of small scale fading, statistical models for multipath fading channels. UNIT III MODULATION TECHNIQUES AND EQUALIZATION 9

Modulation Techniques: Minimum Shift Keying, Gaussian MSK, M-ary QAM, M-ary FSK, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, Performance of Digital Modulation in Slow-Flat Fading Channels and Frequency Selective Mobile Channels. Equalization: Survey of Equalization Techniques, Linear Equalization, Non-linear Equalization, Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization. Diversity Techniques, RAKE receiver. UNIT IV CODING AND MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES 9

Coding: Vocoders, Linear Predictive Coders, Selection of Speech Coders for Mobile Communication, GSM Codec, RS codes for CDPD. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, SDMA, Capacity of Cellular CDMA and SDMA. UNIT V WIRELESS SYSTEMS AND STANDARDS 9

Second Generation and Third Generation Wireless Networks and Standards, WLL, Blue tooth. AMPS, GSM, IS-95 and DECT. TOTAL: 45

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TEXT BOOK 1. T.S.Rappaport, "Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall of India, Third Indian Reprint 2003. R. Blake, "Wireless Communication Technology", Thomson Delmar, 2003. W.C.Y.Lee, "Mobile Communications Engineering: Theory and applications, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill International, 1998. Stephen G. Wilson, "Digital Modulation and Coding", Pearson Education, 2003.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

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EC 404 UNIT I

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Evolution of fiber Optic system - Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link - Ray Optics - Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations - Mode theory of Circular Wave guides - Overview of Modes - Linearly Polarized Modes - Single Mode and Multimode mode Fibers - Graded Index fiber structure. UNIT II SIGNAL DEGRADATION IN OPTICAL FIBERS 9

Attenuation - Absorption losses, Scattering losses, Bending Losses, Core and Cladding losses, Signal Distortion in Optical Wave guides - Information Capacity determination - Group Delay - Material Dispersion, Wave guide Dispersion, Signal distortion in SM fibers - Polarization Mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion, Pulse Broadening in GI fibers - Mode Coupling - Design Optimization of SM fibers, RI profile and cut-off wavelength. UNIT III FIBER OPTICAL SOURCES 9

Direct and indirect Band gap materials - Light source materials - LED structures - Quantum efficiency and LED power, Modulation of a LED, Laser Diodes Modes and Threshold condition - Rate equations - External Quantum efficiency - Resonant frequencies - Laser Diodes structures and radiation patterns Single Mode lasers - Modulation of Laser Diodes, Temperature effects, Introduction to Quantum laser, Fiber amplifiers. UNIT IV FIBER OPTICAL RECEIVERS 9

PIN and APD diodes - Photo detector noise, SNR, Detector Response time, Avalanche Multiplication Noise - Comparison of Photo detectors - Fundamental Receiver Operation - Pre-amplifiers - Error Sources - Receiver Configuration - Probability of Error - The Quantum Limit. UNIT V DIGITAL TRANMISSION SYSTEM 9

Point-to-Point links - System considerations - Fiber Splicing and connectors Link Power budget - Rise-time budget - Noise Effects on System Performance - Operational Principles of WDM, Erbium-doped fiber, Solitons, Basic concepts of SONET/SDH. TOTAL: 45

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TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 1. 2. Gerd Keiser, "Optical Fiber Communication", McGraw-Hill International, Singapore, 3rd ed., 2000 J. Gowar, "Optical Communication System", Prentice Hall of India, 2001. J. Senior, "Optical Communication, Principles and Practice", Prentice Hall of India, 1994. D. C. Agrawal , "Fiber Optic Communication", S.Chand & Co Ltd., 2005.

REFERENCES

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EC 405 UNIT I

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Definition and Classification - Overview of Processors and hardware units in an embedded system - Software embedded into the system - Exemplary Embedded Systems - Embedded Systems on a Chip (SoC) and the use of VLSI designed circuits UNIT II DEVICES AND BUSES FOR DEVICES NETWORK 9

I/O Devices - Device I/O Types and Examples - Synchronous - Iso-synchronous and Asynchronous Communications from Serial Devices - Examples of Internal Serial-Communication Devices - UART and HDLC - Parallel Port Devices Sophisticated interfacing features in Devices/Ports- Timer and Counting Devices - I2C, USB, CAN and advanced I/O Serial high speed buses- ISA, PCI, PCI-X, cPCI and advanced buses. UNIT III PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS AND EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING IN C 9

Programming in assembly language (ALP) vs. High Level Language - C Program Elements, Macros and functions -Use of Pointers - NULL Pointers Use of Function Calls - Multiple function calls in a Cyclic Order in the Main Function Pointers - Function Queues and Interrupt Service Routines Queues Pointers - Concepts of EMBEDDED. UNIT IV PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS AND EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING IN C++ 9

PROGRAMMING in C++ - Objected Oriented Programming - Embedded Programming in C++, 'C' Program compilers - Cross compiler - Optimization of memory codes. UNIT V PRACTICAL EMBEDDED CODING TECHNIQUES 9

Reentrancy, Atomic Variables, Keeping code Reentrant, Recursion, Asynchronous Hardware/Firmware, Race Conditions, Meta stable states, Interrupt Latency, Tasking data, Understanding C Compiler: How to minimize Code Size. TOTAL : 45

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TEXTBOOKS 1. 2. Rajkamal, Embedded Systems Architecture, Programming and Design, TATA McGraw-Hill, First reprint Oct. 2003 Jean J. Labrosse , Jack Ganssle , Robert Oshana , Colin Walls , Keith E. Curtis , Jason Andrews , David J. Katz , Rick Gentile , Kamal Hyder , Bob Perrin , Embedded Software, Elsevier, 2008. Tim Wilmshurst, Designing Embedded Systems with PIC Microcontrollers Principles and Application, First edition, Elsevier, 2007. Steve Heath, Embedded Systems Design, Second Edition-2003, Newnes, David E.Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education Asia, First Indian Reprint 2000. Wayne Wolf, Computers as Components; Principles of Embedded Computing System Design - Harcourt India, Morgan Kaufman Publishers, First Indian Reprint 2001 Frank Vahid and Tony Givargis, Embedded Systems Design - A unified Hardware /Software Introduction, John Wiley, 2002.

3.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

4.

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EC 406

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Point-to-point transformation. Spatial domain operations such as histogram modification, Histogram equalization Geometric transformations such as translation, rotation, and scaling Two - dimensional Fourier transform. Linear filtering using convolution. Non Linear filtering using convolutional masks. Edge detection. DCT, DFT & Haar transforms. Image compression techniques. Image segmentation

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EC 407

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION LAB

L T P C 0 0 3 1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Measurement of Numerical aperture of optical fiber. Measurement of losses in optical fiber. Characteristics of LED, LASER Diode Characteristics of Photo Diode and APD Analog Transmission and Pulse Modulation through Fiber Optic Link. Digital Transmission (Manchester code) through fiber optic link. Study of Time Division Multiplexing in Optical link. Measurement of Link Characteristics using OTDR Study of Fiber Splices, Connectors and Loss measurements.

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EC 408 1.

MINI PROJECT PROJECT LIST

L T P C 0 0 3 1

DC power supply design using buck - boost converters Design the buck-boost converter for the given input voltage variation, load current and output voltage. Plot the regulation characteristics.

2.

DC power supply design using fly back converter (Isolated type) Design the fly back converter using ferrite core transformer for the given input voltage variation load current and output voltage. Plot the regulation characteristics.

3.

Design of a 4-20mA transmitter for a bridge type transducer. Design the Instrumentation amplifier with the bridge type transducer (Thermistor or any resistance variation transducers) and convert the amplified voltage from the instrumentation amplifier to 4 - 20 mA current using opamp. Plot the variation of the temperature Vs output current.

4.

Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR Design a phase controlled voltage regulator using full wave rectifier and SCR, vary the conduction angle and plot the output voltage.

5.

Design of process control timer Design a sequential timer to switch on & off at least 3 relays in a particular sequence using timer IC.

6.

Design of AM / FM modulator / demodulator ii. iii. Design AM signal using multiplier IC for the given carrier frequency and modulation index and demodulate the AM signal using envelope detector. Design FM signal using VCO IC NE566 for the given carrier frequency and demodulate the same using PLL NE 565.

7.

Design of Wireless data modem. Design a FSK modulator using 555 and convert it to sine wave using filter and transmit the same using IR LED and demodulate the same PLL NE 565.

8.

PCB layout design using CAD Drawing the schematic of simple electronic circuit and design of PCB layout using CAD

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9.

Microcontroller based systems design Design of microcontroller based system for simple applications like security systems combination lock etc. using 89c series flash micro controller.

10.

DSP based system design-Design a DSP based system for simple applications like echo generation, etc. using TMS 320 DSP kit.

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SEMESTER - VIII EC 409 UNIT I SATELLITE COMMUNICATION OVERVIEW OF SATELLITE SYSTEMS, ORBITS AND LAUNCHING METHODS L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Introduction - Frequency Allocations for Satellite Services - Intelsat U.S.Domsats - Polar Orbiting Satellites - Problems - Kepler's First Law Kepler's Second Law - Kepler's Third Law - Definitions of Terms for Earthorbiting Satellites - Orbital Elements - Apogee and Perigee Heights - Orbital Perturbations - Effects of a Nonspherical Earth - Atmospheric Drag - Inclined Orbits - Calendars - Universal Time - Julian Dates - Sidereal Time - The Orbital Plane - The Geocentric-Equatorial Coordinate System - Earth Station Referred to the IJK Frame - The Top centric-Horizon Co-ordinate System - The Subsatellite Point - Predicting Satellite Position. UNIT II GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT & SPACE SEGMENT 9

Introduction - Antenna Look Angels - The Polar Mount Antenna - Limits of Visibility - Near Geostationary Orbits - Earth Eclipse of Satellite - Sun Transit Outage - Launching Orbits - Problems - Power Supply - Attitude Control Spinning Satellite Stabilization - Momentum Wheel Stabilization - Station Keeping - Thermal Control - TT&C Subsystem - Transponders - Wideband Receiver - Input Demultiplexer - Power Amplifier - Antenna Subsystem Morelos - Anik-E - Advanced Tiros-N Spacecraft UNIT III EARTH SEGMENT & SPACE LINK 9

Introduction - Receive-Only Home TV Systems - Outdoor Unit - Indoor Unit for Analog (FM) TV - Master Antenna TV System - Community Antenna TV System - Transmit-Receive Earth Stations - Problems - Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power - Transmission Losses - Free-Space Transmission - Feeder Losses - Antenna Misalignment Losses - Fixed Atmospheric and Ionospheric Losses - Link Power Budget Equation - System Noise - Antenna Noise Amplifier Noise Temperature - Amplifiers in Cascade - Noise Factor - Noise Temperature of Absorptive Networks - Overall System Noise Temperature Carrier-to-Noise Ratio - Uplink - Saturation Flux Density - Input Back Off The Earth Station HPA - Downlink - Output Back off - Satellite TWTA Output Effects of Rain - Uplink rain-fade margin - Downlink rain-fade margin Combined Uplink and Downlink C/N Ratio - Intermodulation Noise.

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UNIT IV SATELLITE ACCESS

Single Access - Preassigned FDMA, Demand-Assigned FDMA, SPADE System. Bandwidth-limited a Power-limited TWT amplifier operation, FDMA downlink analysis. TDMA : Reference Burst; Preamble and Post-amble, Carrier recovery, Network synchronization, unique word detection, Traffic Date, Frame Efficiency and Channel capacity, pre-assigned TDMA, Demand assigned TDMA, Speech Interpolation and Prediction, Downlink analysis for Digital transmission. Companion of uplink Power requirements for FDMA & TDMA. On-board signal processing for TDMA / FDMA operation, Satellite switched TDMA. Code-Division Multiple Access - Direct-Sequence spread spectrum - code signal c(t) - autocorrelation function for c(t) - Acquisition and tracking - Spectrum spreading and dispreading - CDMA throughput - Problems - Network Layers - TCP Link - Satellite Links and TCP - Enhancing TCP Over Satellite Channels Using Standard Mechanisms (RFC-2488) - Requests for comments - Split TCP connections - Asymmetric Channels - Proposed Systems. UNIT V DIRECT BROADCAST SATELLITE SERVICES 9

Introduction - Orbital Spacing - Power Rating and Number of Transponders Frequencies and Polarization - Transponder Capacity - Bit Rates for Digital Television - MPEG Compression Standards - Forward Error Correction - Home Receiver Outdoor Unit (ODU) - Home Receiver Indoor Unit (IDU) - Downlink Analysis - Uplink -Problems - Satellite Mobile Services - VSATs - Radarsat Global Positioning Satellite System - Orbcomm. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Dennis Roddy, Satellite Communications, McGraw-Hill Publication, 3rd edition 2001 Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian & Jeremy Allmuti, Satellite Communications, John Willy & Sons (Asia) Pvt. Ltd. 2004 Wilbur L. Pritchard, Henri G. Suyder Hond Robert A.Nelson, Satellite Communication Systems Engineering, Pearson Education Ltd., Second edition 2003. M.Richharia : Satellite Communication Systems (Design Principles), Macmillan Press Ltd. Second Edition, 2003.
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3.

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

EC 410 UNIT I

WIRELESS NETWORKS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

PHYSICAL AND WIRELESS MAC LAYER ALTERNATIVES

Wired transmission techniques: design of wireless modems, power efficiency, out of band radiation, applied wireless transmission techniques, short distance base band transmission, UWB pulse transmission, broadband Modems for higher speeds, diversity and smart receiving techniques, random access for data oriented networks, integration of voice and data traffic. UNIT II WIRELESS NETWORK PLANNING AND OPERATION 9

Wireless networks topologies, cellular topology, cell fundamentals signal to interference ratio calculation, capacity expansion techniques, cell splitting, use of directional antennas for cell sectoring, micro cell method, overlaid cells, channel allocation techniques and capacity expansion FCA, channel borrowing techniques, DCA, mobility management, radio resources and power management - security in wireless networks. UNIT III WIRELESS WAN 9

Mechanism to support a mobile environment, communication in the infrastructure, IS-95 CDMA forward channel, IS - 95 CDMA reverse channel, packet and frame formats in IS - 95, IMT - 2000; forward channel in W-CDMA and CDMA 2000, reverse channels in W-CDMA and CDMA-2000, GPRS and higher data rates, short messaging service in GPRS, Mobile application protocols. UNIT IV WIRELESS LAN 9

Historical overviews of the LAN industry, evolution of the WLAN industry, wireless home networking, IEEE 802.11. The PHY Layer, MAC Layer, wireless ATM, HYPER LAN, HYPER LAN - 2. UNIT V WPAN AND GEOLOCATION SYSTEMS 9

IEEE 802.15 WPAN, Home RF, Bluetooth, interference between Bluetooth and 802.11, wireless geo-location technologies for wireless geo-location, geolocation standards for E.911 service. TOTAL : 45

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TEXT BOOK 1. Kaveh Pahlavan, Prashant Krishnamoorthy, Principles of Wireless Networks, - A unified approach - PHI, New Delhi, 2009. Jochen Schiller, Mobile Communications, Person Education - 2003, 2nd Edn. X.Wang and H.V.Poor, Wireless Communication Systems, Pearson education, 2004. M.Mallick, Mobile and Wireless design essentials, Wiley Publishing Inc. 2003. P.Nicopolitidis, M.S.Obaidat, G.I. papadimitria, A.S. Pomportsis, Wireless Networks, John Wiley & Sons, 2003.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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ELECTIVES - I (SYLLABUS) (FOR SEMESTER - VII) ECX 001 UNIT I ADVANCED MICROPROCESSOR ADVANCED MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Intel x86 Microprocessor Architecture-Real mode memory addressing Protected Mode Memory addressing -Memory paging - Data addressing modes - Program memory addressing modes - Stack memory addressing modes Data movement instructions - Program control instructions- Arithmetic and Logic Instructions. UNIT II MODULAR PROGRAMMING AND ITS CONCEPTS 9

Modular programming -Using keyboard and Video display -Data ConversionsDisk files- Interrupt hooks- using assembly languages with C/ C++ UNIT III PENTIUM PROCESSORS 9

Introduction to Pentium Microprocessor - Special Pentium registers- Pentium memory management - New Pentium Instructions -Pentium Processor -Special Pentium pro features - Pentium 4 processor UNIT-IV 16-BIT MICRO CONTROLLER 9

8096/8097 Architecture-CPU registers -RALU-Internal Program and Data memory Timers-High speed Input and Output -Serial Interface-I/O ports Interrupts -A/D converter-Watch dog timer -Power down feature -Instruction set- External memory Interfacing -External I/O interfacing. UNIT V RISC PROCESSORS AND ARM 9

The RISC revolution - Characteristics of RISC Architecture - The Berkeley RISC - Register Windows - Windows and parameter passing - Window overflow - RISC architecture and pipelining - Pipeline bubbles - Accessing external memory in RISC systems - Reducing the branch penalties - Branch prediction - The ARM processors - ARM registers - ARM instructions - The ARM built-in shift mechanism - ARM branch instructions - sequence control Data movement and memory reference instructions. TOTAL : 45

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TEXT BOOKS 1. Barry B.Brey, The Intel Microprocessors 8086/8088, 80, 86, 80286, 80386 80486, Pentium, Pentium Pro Processor, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4, Architecture, Programming and interfacing, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2003. (UNIT I, II and III) John Peatman, Design with Microcontroller McGraw Hill Publishing Co Ltd, New Delhi. (UNIT IV) Alan Clements, "The principles of computer Hardware", Oxford University Press, 3rd Edition, 2003. (UNIT V) Rajkamal, The concepts and feature of micro controllers 68HC11, 8051 and 8096; S Chand Publishers, New Delhi.

2. 3.

REFERENCE 1.

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ECX 002 TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING NETWORKS UNIT I MULTIPLEXING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Transmission Systems, FDM Multiplexing and modulation, Time Division Multiplexing, Digital Transmission and Multiplexing: Pulse Transmission, Line Coding, Binary N-Zero Substitution, Digital Biphase, Differential Encoding, Time Division Multiplexing, Time Division Multiplex Loops and Rings. SONET/SDH: SONET Multiplexing Overview, SONET Frame Formats, SONET Operations, Administration and Maintenance, Payload Framing and Frequency Justification, Virtual Tributaries, DS3 Payload Mapping, E4 Payload Mapping, SONET Optical Standards, SONET Networks. SONET Rings: Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring, Bidirectional Line-Switched Ring. UNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9 Switching Functions, Space Division Switching, Time Division Switching, twodimensional Switching: STS Switching, TST Switching, No.4 ESS Toll Switch, Digital Cross-Connect Systems, Digital Switching in an Analog Environment. Elements of SS7 signaling. UNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9 Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop, Clock Instability, Jitter Measurements, Systematic Jitter. Timing Inaccuracies: Slips, Asynchronous Multiplexing, Network Synchronization, U.S. Network Synchronization, Network Control, Network Management. UNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9 ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture, ISDN Interfaces, ISDN D Channel Protocol. High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, VDSL. Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Integrated Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier, Fiber in the Loop, Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems, Voice band Modems: PCM Modems, Local Microwave Distribution Service, Digital Satellite Services. UNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9 Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions, Holding Time Distributions, Loss Systems, Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking Probabilities, Overflow Traffic, Delay Systems: Exponential service Times, Constant Service Times, Finite Queues. TOTAL: 45
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TEXTBOOK 1. 1. Bellamy John, "Digital Telephony", John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 3rd edition, 2000. Viswanathan. T., "Telecommunication Switching System and Networks", Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1994. REFERENCE

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ECX 003 UNIT I

SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICES

L T P C 3 0 0 3

CRYSTAL PROPERTIES AND GROWTH OF SEMICONDUCTORS 9

Semiconductor materials - Periodic Structures - Crystal Lattices - Cubic lattices - Planes and Directions - The Diamond lattice - Bulk Crystal Growth - Starting Materials-Growth of Single Crystal lngots - Wafers-Doping- Epitaxial Growth - Lattice Matching in Epitaxial Growth - Vapor - Phase Epitaxy - Atoms and Electrons - Introduction to Physical Models - Experimental Observations The Photoelectric Effect - Atomic spectra - The Bohr model - Quantum Mechanics - Probability and the Uncertainty Principle - The Schrodinger Wave Equation - Potential Well Equation - Potential well Problem - Tunneling. UNIT II ENERGY BANDS AND CHARGE CARRIERS IN SEMICONDUCTORS 9

Bonding Forces and Energy bands in Solids - Bonding Forces in Solids Energy Bands -Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators - Direct and Indirect Semiconductors - Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition - Charge Carriers in Semiconductors -Electrons and Holes - Effective Mass-Intrinsic Material-Extrinsic Material - Electrons and Holes in Quantum Wells - Carrier Concentrations - The Fermi Level - Electron and Hole Concentrations at Equilibrium - Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentrations Compensation and Space Charge Neutrality - Drift of Carrier in Electric and Magnetic Fields conductivity and Mobility - Drift and Resistance - Effects of Temperature and Doping on Mobility - High Field effects - The Hall Effect invariance of the Fermi level at equilibrium - Excess Carrier in Semiconductors - Optical Absorption - Luminescence - Photoluminescence - Electro luminescence - Carrier Lifetime and Photoconductivity - Direct Recombination of Electrons and Holes - Indirect Recombination ; Trapping - Steady State Carrier Generation ; Quasi-Fermi Levels-Photoconductive Devices-Diffusion of Carriers - Diffusion of Processes - Diffusion and Drift of Carrier; Built-in Fields - Diffusion and Recombination; The Continuity Equation -Steady state Carrier Injection; Diffusion Length -The Haynes - Shockley Experiment Gradients in the Quasi-Fermi levels. UNIT III JUNCTIONS 9

Fabrication of P-N Junctions - Thermal Oxidation - Diffusion - Rapid Thermal Processing - Ion Implantation - Chemical Vapor Deposition Photolithography - Etching - Metallization - Equilibrium Conditions - The Contact Potential Equilibrium Fermi Levels - Space Charge at a Junction - Forward and Reverse
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Biased Junctions; Steady state conditions - Qualitative Description Of current flow at a junction - Carrier Injection -Reverse Bias - Breakdown - Zener Breakdown - Avalanche Breakdown - Rectifiers -The Breakdown Diode Transient and AC Conditions - Time variation of stored charge - Reverse Recovery Transient - Switching Diodes - Capacitance of P-N Junctions - The Varactor Diode - Deviations from the Simple Theory - Effects of contact Potential on carrier injection - Recombination and Generation in the Transition Region - Ohmic Losses - Graded Junctions - Metal - Semiconductor Junctions - Schottky Barriers -Rectifying contacts - Ohmic Contacts - Typical Schottky Barriers - Heterojunctions UNIT IV THE METAL -SEMICONDUCTOR-FET 9

The GaAS MESFET-The High Electron Mobility Transistor - Short channel Effects -The Metal Insulator Semiconductor FET - Basic Operation and Fabrication - THE ideal MOS Capacitor - Effects of Real Surfaces - Threshold Voltage - MOS capacitance Measurements - Current - Voltage Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides - The MOS Field - Effect Transistor - Output characteristics -Transfer characteristics - Mobility Models - Short channel MOSFET I-V characteristics - Control of Threshold Voltage -Substrate Bias Effects - Sub threshold characteristics - Equivalent Circuit for the MOSFET MOSFET Scaling and Hot Electron Effects - Drain - Induced Barrier Lowering - short channel and Narrow Width Effect-Gate - Induced Drain Leakage - BJT Fabrication - Minority carrier distribution and Terminal currents - Solution of the Diffusion Equation in the Base Region - Evaluation of the Terminal currents - Current Transfer Ratio - Generalized Biasing - The coupled - Diode Model Charge control analysis -Switching - cut off - saturation - The switching cycle - Specifications for switching Transistors - their Important Effects - Drift in the base Narrowing - Avalanche Breakdown - Injection level; Thermal Effects Base Resistance and Emitter Crowding - Gummel - Poon Model-Kirk Effect Frequency Limitations of Transistors - Capacitance and Charging Times Transit Time Effects-Webster Effect-High - Frequency Transistors Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors. UNIT V OPTO-ELECTRONIC DEVICES 9

Photodiodes - Current and Voltage in illuminated Junction-Solar Cells - Photo detectors -Noise and Bandwidth of Photo detectors - Light-Emitting Diodes Light Emitting Materials - Fiber Optic Communications Multilayer Hetero junctions for LEDs - Lasers -Semiconductor lasers - Population Inversion at a Junction Emission Spectra for p-n junction - The Basic Semiconductor lasersMaterials for Semiconductor lasers-Integrated Circuits - Background 143

B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

Advantages of Integration - Types of Integrated circuit -Monolithic and Hybrid Circuits-Evolution of Integrated Circuits-Monolithic Device Elements CMOS Process Integration - Silicon -on - Insulator (SOI) - Integration of other Circuit Elements - Charge Transfer Devices - Dynamic Effects in MOS capacitors The basic CCD-Improvements on the Basic Structure - Applications of CCDs - Ultra Large - Scale Integration (ULSI) - Logic devices - Semiconductor Memories - Testing, bonding , and Packaging-Testing - Wire Bonding - Flipflop Techniques - Packaging TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Ben.G.Streetman, Sanjan Banerjee, " Solid State Electronic Devices", 5th Edition, PHI Private Ltd, 2003 Yannis Tsividis,"Operation & Mode line of The MOS Transistor",2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 1999 Nandita Das Gupta & Aamitava Das Gupta- Semiconductor Devices Modeling a Technology, PHI, 2004.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 004 UNIT I

ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

DISCRETE RANDOM PROCESS

Discrete random process, Expectation, Variance and Co-variance, Uniform, Gaussian and Exponentially distributed noise, Inner product for discrete signals, Energy of discrete signals, Parseval's theorem, Auto-correlation, Power spectral density, Wiener Khintchine relation, Sum decomposition theorem, Spectral factorization theorem. UNIT II SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9

Response of linear discrete systems to random inputs - sample auto correlation - Periodogram, Non - parametric methods of spectral estimation Bartlett's method, Welch method - Bias, Variance, Performance comparison of estimators. Model based approach to spectrum estimation. AR, MA, ARMA models. Yule - Walker method. UNIT III LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION 9

ML estimate - Efficiency of estimator, Cramer Rao bound - LMS criterion. Wiener filter - Discrete Wiener - Hopf equations - Recursive estimator - Kalman estimator - Linear prediction, Normal equations - Levinson recursion, Lattice realization. UNIT IV ADAPTIVE FILTERS 9

Principles of adaptive filter - FIR adaptive filter - Newton's Steepest descent algorithm - Derivation of first order adaptive filter - Widrow-Hoff LMS adaptation algorithms -Adaptive noise cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellers. UNIT V ADVANCED TRANSFORM TECHNIQUES 9

2-D Fourier and Discrete Fourier transform - Applications to image smoothing and sharpening - Series expansion of discrete time signals - Local Fourier expansion - Two channel filter banks - Multi resolution concept, Wavelet construction, Filter banks for wavelets - Continuous and discrete wavelet transforms - Application to signal compression. TOTAL: 45

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Monson H.Hayes, Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.,Singapore, 2002. John G.Proakis, Dimitris G.Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing Pearson Education, 2002. John G.Proakis et.al.,'Algorithms for Statistical Signal Processing', Pearson Education, 2002. Dimitris G.Manolakis et.al.,'Statistical and adaptive signal Processing', McGraw Hill, Newyork,2000. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E.Woods, 'Digital Image Processing', Pearson Education, Inc., Second Edition, 2004.

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ECX 005 UNIT I

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE & COMPATIBILITY BASIC CONCEPTS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Definition of EMI and EMC with examples, Classification of EMI/EMC - CE, RE, CS, RS, Units of Parameters, Sources of EMI, EMI coupling modes - CM and DM, ESD Phenomena and effects, Transient phenomena and suppression. UNIT II EMI MEASUREMENTS 9

Basic principles of RE, CE, RS and CS measurements, EMI measuring instruments- Antennas, LISN, Feed through capacitor, current probe, EMC analyzer and detection t6echnique open area site, shielded anechoic chamber, TEM cell. UNIT III EMC STANDARD AND REGULATIONS 8

National and Intentional standardizing organizations- FCC, CISPR, ANSI, DOD, IEC, CENEEC, FCC CE and RE standards, CISPR, CE and RE Standards, IEC/EN, CS standards, Frequency assignment - spectrum conversation. UNIT IV EMI CONTROL METHODS AND FIXES 10

Shielding, Grounding, Bonding, Filtering, EMI gasket, Isolation transformer, opto isolator. UNIT V EMC DESIGN AND INTERCONNECTION TECHNIQUES 9

Cable routing and connection, Component selection and mounting, PCB design- Trace routing, Impedance control, decoupling, Zoning and grounding TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Prasad Kodali.V - Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility - S.Chand&Co - New Delhi - 2000 Clayton R.Paul - Introduction to Electromagnetic compatibility - Wiley & Sons - 1992 Keiser - Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility - Artech House - 3rd Edition - 1994 Donwhite Consultant Incorporate - Handbook of EMI / EMC - Vol I - 1985
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ECX 006 UNIT I

MEDICAL ELECTRONICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

ELECTRO-PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO-POTENTIAL RECORDING

The origin of Bio-potentials; biopotential electrodes, biological amplifiers, ECG, EEG, EMG, PCG, EOG, lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and signal characteristics. UNIT II BIO-CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER MEASUREMENT 9

PH, PO2, PCO2, PHCO3, Electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, Auto analyzer, Blood flow meter, cardiac output, respiratory measurement, Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, - measurement, Blood cell counters. UNIT III ASSIST DEVICES AND BIO-TELEMETRY 9

Cardiac pacemakers, DC Defibrillator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, Bio-telemetry, radio-pill and tele-stimulation. UNIT IV RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 9

Ionizing radiation, Diagnostic x-ray equipments, use of Radio Isotope in diagnosis, Radiation Therapy. UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 9

Thermograph, endoscopy unit, Laser in medicine, Diathermy units, Electrical safety in medical equipment. TOTAL : 45 TEXTBOOK 1. Leislie Cromwell, "Biomedical instrumentation and measurement", Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2002. Khandpur, R.S., "Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation", TATA McGrawHill, New Delhi, 1997. Joseph J.Carr and John M.Brown, "Introduction to Biomedical equipment Technology", John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1997.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 007 UNIT I

HIGH SPEED NETWORKS HIGH SPEED NETWORKS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Frame Relay Networks - Asynchronous transfer mode - ATM Protocol Architecture, ATM logical Connection, ATM Cell - ATM Service Categories AAL. High Speed LANs: Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel - Wireless LANs: applications, requirements - Architecture of 802.11 UNIT II CONGESTION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 8

Queuing Analysis- Queuing Models - Single Server Queues - Effects of Congestion - Congestion Control - Traffic Management - Congestion Control in Packet Switching Networks - Frame Relay Congestion Control. UNIT III TCP AND ATM CONGESTION CONTROL 12

TCP Flow control - TCP Congestion Control - Retransmission - Timer Management - Exponential RTO back off - KARN's Algorithm - Window management - Performance of TCP over ATM. Traffic and Congestion control in ATM - Requirements - Attributes - Traffic Management Frame work, Traffic Control - ABR traffic Management - ABR rate control, RM cell formats, ABR Capacity allocations - GFR traffic management. UNIT IV INTEGRATED AND DIFFERENTIATED SERVICES 8

Integrated Services Architecture - Approach, Components, Services- Queuing Discipline, FQ, PS, BRFQ, GPS, WFQ - Random Early Detection, Differentiated Services UNIT V PROTOCOLS FOR QOS SUPPORT 8

RSVP - Goals & Characteristics, Data Flow, RSVP operations, Protocol Mechanisms - Multi-protocol Label Switching - Operations, Label Stacking, Protocol details - RTP - Protocol Architecture, Data Transfer Protocol, RTCP. TOTAL : 45

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TEXT BOOK 1. William Stallings, "High Speed Networks and Internet", Pearson Education, Second Edition, 2002. Warland & Pravin Varaiya, "High Performance Communication Networks", Jean Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., II Edition, 2001. Irvan Pepelnjk, Jim Guichard and Jeff Apcar, "MPLS and VPN architecture", Cisco Press, Volume 1 and 2, 2003.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 008 UNIT I

POWER ELECTRONICS POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Characteristics of power devices - characteristics of SCR, diac, triac, SCS, GTO, PUJT - power transistors - power FETs - LASCR - two transistor model of SCR - Protection of thyristors against over voltage - over current, dv/dt and di/dt. UNIT II TRIGGERING TECHNIQUES 9 Turn on circuits for SCR - triggering with single pulse and train of pulses synchronizing with supply - triggering with microprocessor - forced commutation - different techniques - series and parallel operations of SCRs. UNIT III CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS 9 Converters - single phase - three phase - half controlled and fully controlled rectifiers - Waveforms of load voltage and line current under constant load current - effect of transformer leakage inductance - dual converter. UNIT IV INVERTERS 9 Voltage and current source inverters, resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. AC and DC choppers - DC to DC converters - Buck, boost and buck - boost. UNIT V INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 9 DC motor drives - Induction and synchronous motor drives - switched reluctance and brushless motor drives - Battery charger - SMPS - UPS induction and dielectric heating. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. Muhamed H.Rashid , Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, 3rd Edn. 2004 PHI. Singh and Kanchandani, Power Electronics, TMH, 1998. Sen, Power Electronics, TMH, 1987. Dubey ,Thyristorised power controllers, Wiley Eastern 1986. Vithayathil , Power Electronics - Principles and applications McGraw-Hill, 1995. Lander ,Power Electronics, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1994.
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CSX 283 UNIT I

OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Object-Oriented Programming in C++, Native Types and Statements, Functions and Pointers-Implementing ADTs in the Base Language UNIT II 9

Data Hiding and Member Functions, Object Creation and Destruction, AdHoc Polymorphism-Visitation: Iterators and Containers. UNIT III 9

Templates, Generic Programming, and STL-Inheritance-Exceptions-OOP Using C++ UNIT IV 9

An overview of Java, data types, variables and arrays, operators, control statements, classes, objects, methods - Inheritance UNIT V 9

Packages and Interfaces, Exception handling, Multithreaded programming, Strings, Input/Output TOTAL : 45 TEXTBOOKS 1. 2. Ira Pohl, "Object-Oriented Programming Using C++", Pearson Education Asia, 2003. Herbert Schildt, "The Java 2: Complete Reference", Fourth edition, TMH, 2002 (Chapters 1-11,13,17) Bjarne Stroustrup, "The C++ Programming Language", Pearson Education, 2004. Stanley B. Lippman and Josee Lajoie , "C++ Primer", Pearson Education, 2003. K.R.Venugopal, Rajkumar Buyya, T.Ravishankar, "Mastering C++", TMH, 2003. H.M.Deitel, P.J.Deitel, "Java : how to program", Fifth edition, Prentice Hall of India private limited, 2003.
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ECX 009 UNIT I

INTERNET AND JAVA PROGRAMMING INTERNET PROTOCOLS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

TCP/IP Protocol - TCP ports, TCP connections. DNS - Domain Server. WWW and HTTP, HTTP - message structure, methods, headers, status codes. Email Protocols - MIME Types, message structure, SMTP, POP3. FTP. UNIT II HTML & JAVASCRIPT 9

HTML - Basic tags, HTML Frames, HTML forms, CSS. JavaScript - variables, operators, statements, functions. HTML with JavaScript - JavaScript events, Document Object Model, Dynamic HTML. Introduction to XML, DTD, XHTML and RSS. UNIT III JAVA PROGRAMMING BASICS 9

OOP Concept & Java, Data Types & Variables, Arrays, Operators, Control Statements, Classes & Methods, Inheritance, Packaging & Interfaces, Exception Handling, Multi-Threaded Programming. UNIT IV JAVA PROGRAMMING API 9

Standard API - Wrapper classes, Runtime, System. Java I/O, Serialization, Network Programming, Java Collections framework. UNIT V SERVER-SIDE PROGRAMMING 9

Java Servlets - structure, lifecycle of a servlet. Handling HTTP Request and Response, Cookies and Session Tracking. JDBC - simple web application, multi-tier applications. Total: 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. Douglas E. Comer, "Internetworking With TCP/IP: Volume 1 - Principles, Protocols And Architecture", 5th Edition, Prentice-hall Of India Pvt Ltd., 2005. P.J. Deitel, H.M. Deitel & A.B. Goldberg, "Internet & World Wide Web - How To Program", 4th Edition, Pearson Education Ltd., 2009. Herbert Schildt, "JAVA 2 - The Complete Reference", 5th Edition, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 2002.

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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. Steven M. Schafer, "HTML, XHTML, And CSS Bible", 5th Edition, Wiley Publishing Inc, 2010. Behrouz A. Forouzan, "Data Communication Networks", 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2008. Elliotte Rusty Harold, "Java Network Programming", 3rd Edition, O'Reilly, 2004.

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ITX 303 UNIT I

OPERATING SYSTEMS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Introduction - Mainframe systems - Desktop Systems - Multiprocessor Systems - Distributed Systems - Clustered Systems - Real Time Systems - Handheld Systems - Hardware Protection - System Components - Operating System Services - System Calls - System Programs - Process Concept - Process Scheduling - Operations on Processes - Cooperating Processes - Inter-process Communication. UNIT II 9

Threads - Overview - Threading issues - CPU Scheduling - Basic Concepts Scheduling Criteria - Scheduling Algorithms - Multiple-Processor Scheduling - Real Time Scheduling - The Critical-Section Problem - Synchronization Hardware - Semaphores - Classic problems of Synchronization - Critical regions - Monitors. UNIT III 9

System Model - Deadlock Characterization - Methods for handling Deadlocks -Deadlock Prevention - Deadlock avoidance - Deadlock detection - Recovery from Deadlocks - Storage Management - Swapping - Contiguous Memory allocation - Paging - Segmentation - Segmentation with Paging. UNIT IV 9

Virtual Memory - Demand Paging - Process creation - Page Replacement Allocation of frames - Thrashing - File Concept - Access Methods - Directory Structure - File System Mounting - File Sharing - Protection UNIT V 9

File System Structure - File System Implementation - Directory Implementation - Allocation Methods - Free-space Management. Kernel I/O Subsystems Disk Structure - Disk Scheduling - Disk Management - Swap-Space Management. Case Study: The Linux System, Windows TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Abraham Silberschatz, Peter Baer Galvin and Greg Gagne, "Operating System Concepts", Sixth Edition, John Wiley & Sons (ASIA) Pvt. Ltd, 2003.
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REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Harvey M. Deitel, "Operating Systems", Second Edition, Pearson Education Pvt. Ltd, 2002. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, "Modern Operating Systems", Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 2003. William Stallings, "Operating System", Prentice Hall of India, 4th Edition, 2003. Pramod Chandra P. Bhatt - "An Introduction to Operating Systems, Concepts and Practice", PHI, 2003.

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ELECTIVE - II (SYLLABUS) (For Semester VIII) ECX 011 UNIT I SOFT COMPUTING FUZZY SET THEORY L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Introduction to Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing - Fuzzy sets- Basic definition and terminology- Set-theoritic Operations - Member Function Formulation and Parameterization - Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning - Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relations - Fuzzy IF-then Rules - Fuzzy Reasoning - Fuzzy Interference Systems - Mamdani Fuzzy Models - Sugeno Fuzzy Models Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models - Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling. UNIT II OPTIMIZATION 9

Derivative based Optimization - Descent Methods - The Methods of Steepest Descent - Classical Newton's Method - Step Size Determination - Derivativefree Optimization - Genetic Algorithms- Simulated Annealing - Random Search - Downhill Simplex Search. UNIT III NEURAL NETWORKS 9

Supervised Learning Neural Networks- Perceptrons- Adaline Backpropagation Multilayer Perceptrons- Radial Basis Function Networks Unsupervised Learning Neural Networks - Competitive Learning Networks Kohonen Self Organizing Networks - Learning Vector Quantization - Hebbian Learning. UNIT IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING 9

Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference Systems - Architecture - Hybrid Learning Algorithm - Learning Methods that Cross fertilize ANFIS and RBFN - Coactive Neuro Fuzzy Modeling - Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks - Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum. UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 9

Printed Character Recognition - Inverse Kinematics Problems - Automobile Fuel Efficiency Prediction - Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction. TOTAL : 45

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TEXT BOOK 1. J.S.R. Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, " Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing", PHI, 2004, Pearson Education 2004. Timothy J.Ross, " Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications", McGraw-Hill, 1997. Davis E. Goldberg, "Genetic Algorithm: Search, Optimization and Machine Learning", Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989. S.Rajasekaran and G.A.V. Pai, " Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithm", PHI, 2003. R. Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, " Computational Intelligence - PC Tools", AP Professional, Boston, 1996.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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ECX 012 UNIT I

TELEVISION & VIDEO ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION

L T P C 3 0 0 3 8

Geometry form and Aspect Ratio - Image Continuity - Number of scanning lines - Interlaced scanning - Picture resolution - Camera tubes- Image orthicon - vidicon-plumbicon-silicon diode array vidicon-solid state image scannersmonochrome picture tubes- composite video signal-video signal dimensionhorizontal sync. Composition- vertical sync. Details - functions of vertical pulse train - scanning sequence details. Picture signal transmission - positive and negative modulation - VSB transmission sound signal transmission - standard channel bandwidth. UNIT II MONOCHROME TELEVISION TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER 9

TV transmitter - TV signal propagation - Interference - TV transmission Antennas - Monochrome TV receiver - RF tuner - UHF, VHF tuner- Digital tuning techniques- AFT-IF subsystems - AGC - Noise cancellation- Video and sound inter carrier detection- vision IF subsystem- video amplifiers requirements and configurations - DC re-insertion - Video amplifier circuitsSync separation - typical sync processing circuits- Deflection current waveform - Deflection Oscillators - Frame deflection circuits - requirements- Line Deflection circuits - EHT generation - Receiver Antennas. UNIT III ESSENTIALS OF COLOUR TELEVISION 8

Compatibility - colour perception- Three colour theory- luminance, hue and saturation-colour television cameras- values of luminance and colour difference signals- colour television display tubes- delta - gun-precision - in-line and Trinitron colour picture tubes- purity and convergence- purity and static and dynamic convergence adjustments- pincushion correction techniquesautomatic degaussing circuit- grey scale tracking - colour signal transmissionbandwidth- modulation of colour difference signals - weighting factorsFormation of chrominance signal. UNIT IV COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS: 10

NTSC colour TV system- NTSC colour receiver- limitations of NTSC system - PAL colour TV system - cancellation of phase errors- PAL -D colour systemPAL coder - Pal-Decolour receiver- chromo signal amplifier- separation of U and V signals- colour burst separation - Burst phase Discriminator - ACC amplifier- Reference Oscillator- Ident and colour killer circuits- U and V
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demodulators- Colour signal matrixing - merits and demerits of the PAL system - SECAM system - merits and demerits of SECAM system. UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS 10

Satellite TV technology- Cable TV - VCR- Video Disc recording and playbackTele Text broadcast receiver - digital television - Transmission and receptionprojection Television - Flat panel display TV receiver - Stereo sound in TV 3D TV - EDTV - Digital equipments for TV studios. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. R.R.Gulati, " Monochrome Television Practice, Principles, Technology and servcing , Second edition, New age International Publishes, 2004 (Unit I,II,IV and V) R.R.Gulati "Monochrome and colour television ", New age Internationl Publisher, 2003 (Unit I,III and IV) A.M Dhake, "Television and Video Engineerign", Second edition, TMH, 2003. S.P.Bali, " Colour Television, Theory and Practice", TMH, 1994

2.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 013 UNIT I

OPTO-ELECTRONIC DEVICES ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor Physics and Semiconductor Junction Device. UNIT II DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9

Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Display, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Displays, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical Feedback, Threshold condition, Laser Modes, Classes of Lasers, Mode Locking, laser applications. UNIT III OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 9

Photo detector, Thermal detector, Photo Devices, Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Detector Performance. UNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR 9

Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Magneto Optic Devices, Acoustoptic devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices. UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9

Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Application of Opto Electronic Integrated Circuits, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. TOTAL : 45 TEXTBOOK 1. J. Wilson and J.Haukes, "Opto Electronics - An Introduction", Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. Bhattacharya "Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices", Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. Jasprit Singh, "Opto Electronics - As Introduction to materials and devices", McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1998.
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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

ECX 014 UNIT I

RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

INTRODUCTION TO RADAR AND THE RADAR EQUATION

Basic Radar -The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block DiagramRadar Frequencies -Applications of Radar - The Origins of Radar The Radar Equation Introduction- Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-toNoise Ratio-Probability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm- Integration of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section Fluctuations- Transmitter Power-Pulse Repetition FrequencyAntenna Parameters-System losses - Other Radar Equation Considerations UNIT II MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR 9

Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay -Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies -Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target Detector - Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse Doppler Radar - Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar -Monopulse Tracking -Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing Limitations to Tracking Accuracy - Low-Angle Tracking - Tracking in Range Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of Trackers - Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT). UNIT III DETECTION OF SIGNALS IN NOISE 9

Detection of Signals in Noise -Introduction - Matched -Filter Receiver -Detection Criteria - Detectors -Automatic Detector - Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal Management - Propagation Radar Waves - Atmospheric Refraction -Standard propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar Antenna - Reflector Antennas - Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase Shifters - Frequency-Scan Arrays Radar Transmitters- Introduction -Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power Sources - Magnetron - Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other aspects of Radar Transmitter. Radar Receivers - The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure Superheterodyne Receiver - Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays.

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UNIT IV PROPAGATION OF RADAR WAVE AND THE RADAR ANTENNA Introduction to Four methods of Navigation.

Radio Direction Finding - The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null Direction Finder - The Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding - Adcock Direction Finders - Direction Finding at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The Commutated Aerial Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders Radio Ranges - The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional Range(VOR) - VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR Recent Developments. Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca) - Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment - Range and precision of Standard Loran - Loran-C - The Decca Navigation System - Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca - The Omega System UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF RADAR 9

DME and TACAN - Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME TACAN - TACAN Equipment Aids to Approach and Landing - Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled Approach System - Microwave Landing System (MLS) Doppler Navigation - The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency Equations - Track Stabilization - Doppler Spectrum - Components of the Doppler Navigation System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems. Inertial Navigation - Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth Components of an Inertial Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down Systems - Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems. Satellite Navigation System - The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) TOTAL : 45

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TEXTBOOK 1. Merrill I. Skolnik ," Introduction to Radar Systems", Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition) 2003 Peyton Z. Peebles:, "Radar Principles", John Wiley, 2004 J.C Toomay, " Principles of Radar", 2nd Edition -PHI, 2004

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 015 UNIT I

SPEECH PROCESSING NATURE OF SPEECH SIGNAL

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Speech production mechanism, Classification of speech, sounds, nature of speech signal, models of speech production. Speech signal processing: purpose of speech processing, digital models for speech signal, Digital processing of speech signals, Significance, short time analysis. UNIT II TIME DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9

Time domain parameters of speech, methods for extracting the parameters, Zero crossings, Auto correlation function, pitch estimation. UNIT III FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9 Short time Fourier analysis, filter bank analysis, spectrographic analysis, Format extraction, pitch extraction, Analysis - synthesis systems. UNIT IV LINEAR PREDICTIVE CODING OF SPEECH 9

Formulation of linear prediction problem in time domain, solution of normal equations, Interpretation of linear prediction in auto correlation and spectral domains. UNIT V HOMOMORPHIC SPEECH ANALYSIS 9

Central analysis of speech, format and pitch estimation, Applications of speech processing - Speech recognition, Speech synthesis and speaker verification. TOTAL: 45 TEXTBOOK 1. L.R. Rabiner and R.E Schafer : Digital processing of speech signals, Prentice Hall, 1978. J.L Flanagan : Speech Analysis Synthesis and Perception - 2nd Edition Sprenger Vertag, 1972. I.H.Witten :Principles of Computer Speech , Academic press, 1983.

REFERENCES 1. 2.

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ECX 016 UNIT I

COMPUTER HARDWARE AND INTERFACING CPU AND MEMORY

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

CPU essentials - processor modes - modern CPU concepts - Architectural performance features - the Intel's CPU - CPU over clocking - over clocking requirements - over clocking the system - over clocking the Intel processors Essential memory concepts - memory organizations - memory packages modules - logical memory organizations - memory considerations - memory types - memory techniques - selecting and installing memory. UNIT II MOTHERBOARDS 9

Active motherboards - sockets and slots - Intel D850GB - Pentium4 mother board - expansion slots - form factor - upgrading a mother board - chipsets north bridge - south bridge - CMOS - CMOS optimization tactics - configuring the standard CMOS setup - motherboard BIOS - POST - BIOS features BIOS and Boot sequences - BIOS shortcomings and compatibility issues power supplies and power management - concepts of switching regulation potential power problems - power management. UNIT III STORAGE DEVICES 9

The floppy drive - magnetic storage - magnetic recording principles - data and disk organization - floppy drive - hard drive - data organization and hard drive - sector layout - IDE drive standard and features - Hard drive electronics - CD-ROM drive - construction - CDROM electronics - DVD-ROM - DVD media - DVD drive and decoder. UNIT IV I/O PERIPHERALS 9

Parallel port - signals and timing diagram - IEEE1284 modes - asynchronous communication - serial port signals - video adapters - graphic accelerators 3D graphics accelerator issues - DirectX - mice - modems - keyboards - sound boards - audio bench marks. UNIT V BUS ARCHITECTURE 9

Buses - Industry standard architecture (ISA), peripheral component Interconnect (PCI) - Accelerated Graphics port (AGP) - plug-and-play devices - SCSI concepts - USB architecture. TOTAL : 45
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TEXT BOOK 1. Stephen J.Bigelow, "Trouble Shooting, maintaining and Repairing PCs", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2001. Craig Zacker & John Rourke, "The complete reference:PC hardware", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2001. Mike Meyers, "Introduction to PC Hardware and Trouble shooting", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003. B.Govindarajulu, "IBM PC and Clones hardware trouble shooting and maintenance", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2002.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3.

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ECX 017 UNIT 1

REMOTE SENSING REMOTE SENSING

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Definition - Components of Remote Sensing - Energy, Sensor, Interacting Body - Active and Passive Remote Sensing - Platforms - Aerial and Space Platforms - Balloons, Helicopters, Aircraft and Satellites - Synoptivity and Repetivity - Electro Magnetic Radiation (EMR) - EMR spectrum - Visible, Infra Red (IR), Near IR, Middle IR, Thermal IR and Microwave - Black Body Radiation - Planck's law - Stefan-Boltzman law. UNIT II EMR INTERACTION WITH ATMOSPHERE AND EARTH MATERIALS 9

Atmospheric characteristics - Scattering of EMR - Raleigh, Mie, Non-selective and Raman Scattering - EMR Interaction with Water vapour and ozone Atmospheric Windows - Significance of Atmospheric windows - EMR interaction with Earth Surface Materials - Radiance, Irradiance, Incident, Reflected, Absorbed and Transmitted Energy - Reflectance - Specular and Diffuse Reflection Surfaces- Spectral Signature - Spectral Signature curves EMR interaction with water, soil and Earth Surface:Imaging spectrometry and spectral characteristics. UNIT III OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING 9

Satellites - Classification - Based on Orbits and Purpose - Satellite Sensors Resolution - Description of Multi Spectral Scanning - Along and Across Track Scanners - Description of Sensors in Landsat, SPOT, IRS series - Current Satellites - Radar - Speckle - Back Scattering - Side Looking Airborne Radar - Synthetic Aperture Radar - Radiometer - Geometrical characteristics ; Sonar remote sensing systems. UNIT IV GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM 9

GIS - Components of GIS - Hardware, Software and Organisational Context - Data - Spatial and Non-Spatial - Maps - Types of Maps - Projection - Types of Projection - Data Input - Digitizer, Scanner - Editing - Raster and Vector data structures - Comparison of Raster and Vector data structure - Analysis using Raster and Vector data - Retrieval, Reclassification, Overlaying, Buffering - Data Output - Printers and Plotters

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UNIT V

MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS

Visual Interpretation of Satellite Images - Elements of Interpretation Interpretation Keys Characteristics of Digital Satellite Image - Image enhancement - Filtering - Classification - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing - Application of Remote Sensing and GIS - Urban ApplicationsIntegration of GIS and Remote Sensing - Application of Remote Sensing and GIS - Water resources - Urban Analysis - Watershed Management - Resources Information Systems. Global positioning system - an introduction. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. M.G. Srinivas(Edited by), Remote Sensing Applications, Narosa Publishing House, 2001. (Units 1 & 2). Anji Reddy, Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems, BS Publications 2001 (Units 3, 4 & 5). Jensen, J.R., Remote sensing of the environment, Prentice Hall, 2000. Kang-Tsung Chang,"Introduction to Geograhic Information Systems", TMH, 2002 Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R.W., "Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation", John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, 1987. Janza.F.J., Blue, H.M., and Johnston, J.E., "Manual of Remote Sensing Vol. I., American Society of Photogrammetry, Virginia, U.S.A, 1975.

REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4.

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ECX 018 UNIT I

ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS INTRODUCTION TO ACOUSTICS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Acoustics waves - Linear wave equation - sound in fluids - Harmonic plane waves - Energy density - Acoustics intensity - Specific acoustic impedance spherical waves - Describer scales. Reflection and Transmission: Transmission from one fluid to another normal and oblique incidence - method of images. UNIT II RADIATION AND RECEPTION OF ACOUSTIC WAVES 9

Radiation from a pulsating sphere - Acoustic reciprocity - continuous line source - radiation impedance - Fundamental properties of transducers. Absorption and attenuation of sound Absorption from viscosity - complex sound speed and absorption - classical absorption coefficient UNIT III PIPES RESONATORS AND FILTERS 9

Resonance in pipes - standing wave pattern absorption of sound in pipes long wavelength limit - Helmoltz resonator - acoustic impedance - reflection and transmission of waves in pipe - acoustic filters - low pass, high pass and band pass. Noise, Signal detection, Hearing and speech Noise, spectrum level and band level - combing band levels and tones detecting signals in noise - detection threshold - the ear - fundamental properties of hearing - loudness level and loudness - pitch and frequency voice. UNIT IV ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS: 9

Sound in endosure - A simple model for the growth of sound in a room reverberation time - Sabine, sound absorption materials - measurement of the acoustic output of sound sources in live rooms - acoustics factor in architectural design.

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Environmental Acoustics: Weighted sound levels speech interference - highway noise - noise induced hearing loss - noise and architectural design specification and measurement of some isolation design of portions. UNIT V TRANSDUCTION 9

Transducer as an electives network - canonical equation for the two simple transducers transmitters - moving coil loud speaker - loudspeaker cabinets horn loud speaker, receivers - condenser - microphone - moving coil electrodynamics microphone piezoelectric microphone - calibration of receivers. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Lawerence E.Kinsler, Austin, R.Frey, Alan B.Coppens, James V.Sanders, Fundamentals of Acoustics, 4ht edition, Wiley, 2000. L.Bernaek , "Acoustics" - McGraw-Hill.

REFERENCE 1.

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ECX 019 UNIT I

ADVANCED MICROWAVE SYSTEMS

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

FIELD ANALYSIS OF PLANAR TRANSMISSION LINES

Microstrip Transmission Lines - Attenuation - High frequency properties of Microstrip lines. Coupled Microstrip lines - even and odd modes. Strip transmission lines - Coupled strip lines - Fin lines. UNIT II CIRCUIT THEORY FOR WAVE GUIDE SYSTEMS 9

Equivalent voltages and currents - Impedance description of waveguide elements and circuits - one port circuit. Foster's reactance theorem. N-port circuits. Two port junctions. Excitation of waveguides. Probe coupling in rectangular waveguide. Radiation from linear current elements and current loops. Waveguide coupling by apertures. UNIT III PERIODIC STRUCTURES AND FILTERS 9

Wave analysis of periodic structures. Periodic structures composed of Unsymmetrical two port networks. Terminated Periodic structures. Matching of Periodic structures. Floquet's theorem and spatial Harmonics. Microwave Filters - Image parameter method. Filter design by insertion loss method. Low pass filter design. Microstrip parallel coupled filter. UNIT IV MICROWAVE SOLID STATE AMPLIFIERS 9

S-parameters - Unilateral design of amplifiers - simultaneous conjugate match. Bilateral design of amplifiers. Amplifier stability. Conditional and unconditional stability criteria. Amplifier power gain. Constant gain circles. Noise temperature concept. Noise factor and noise figure. Noise temperature for cascaded stages. Constant noise figure circles. Design of single stage microwave amplifiers. UNIT V MICROWAVES AND OPTICS 9

Geometrical optics as a limiting case of wave optics. Ray matrices for paraxial ray optics. Gaussian beams. Generation of Gaussian beams at microwave frequencies. The beam waist. Propagation of Gaussian beams in Homogeneous medium. Transformation of Gaussian beams with lenses. TOTAL : 45

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TEXT BOOK 1. 1. 2. 3. R.E.Collin, "Foundations for Microwave Engineering", McGraw-Hill, 1992. Ramo, Whinnery and Van Duzer : "Fields and Waves in communication electronics". 3rd Edition., Wiley, 1997. Pozar, David " Microwave &RF system" Wiley 2001 edition W.Tomasi " Advanced Microwave Communication system" PHI 2002 2nd edition. REFERENCES

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ECX 020 UNIT I

UNIX INTRODUCTION TO UNIX

L T P C 3 0 0 3 9

Architecture of Unix, Features of Unix , Unix Commands - PATH, man, echo, printf, script, passwd, uname, who, date, stty, pwd, cd, mkdir, rmdir, ls, cp, mv, rm, cat, more, wc, lp, od, tar, gzip.Unix Utilities:- Introduction to unix file system, vi editor, file handling utilities, security by file permissions, process utilities, disk utilities, networking commands, unlink, du, df, mount, umount, find, unmask, ulimit, ps, w, finger, arp, ftp, telnet, rlogin.Text processing utilities and backup utilities , detailed commands to be covered are tail, head , sort, nl, uniq, grep, egrep, fgrep, cut, paste, join, tee, pg, comm, cmp, diff, tr, awk, cpio UNIT II : INTRODUCTION TO SHELLS 9

Unix Session, Standard Streams, Redirection, Pipes, Tee Command, Command Execution, Command-Line Editing, Quotes, Command Substitution, Job Control, Aliases, Variables, Predefined Variables, Options, Shell/ Environment Customization. Filters :Filters and Pipes, Concatenating files, Display Beginning and End of files, Cut and Paste, Sorting, Translating Characters, Files with Duplicate Lines, Count characters, Words or Lines, Comparing Files. UNIT III : GREPS 9

Operation, grep Family, Searching for File Content. Sed :Scripts, Operation, Addresses, commands, Applications, grep and sed. awk:Execution, Fields and Records, Scripts, Operations, Patterns, Actions, Associative Arrays, String Functions, String Functions, Mathematical Functions, User - Defined Functions, Using System commands in awk, Applications, awk and grep, sed and awk. UNIT IV : INTERACTIVE KORN SHELL 9

Korn Shell Features, Two Special Files, Variables, Output, Input, Exit Status of a Command, eval Command, Environmental Variables, Options, Startup Scripts, Command History, Command Execution Process.Korn Shell Programming :Basic Script concepts, Expressions, Decisions: Making Selections, Repetition, special Parameters and Variables, changing Positional Parameters, Argument Validation, Debugging Scripts, Script Examples.

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B.Tech. ECE EIGHT SEMESTER FULL TIME 2011-2015

UNIT V

INTERACTIVE C SHELL

C shell features, Two Special Files, Variables, Output, Input, Exit Status of a Command, eval Command, Environmental Variables, On-Off Variables, Startup and Shutdown Scripts, Command History, Command Execution Scripts. C Shell Programming :Basic Script concepts, Expressions, Decisions: Making Selections, Repetition, special Parameters and Variables, changing Positional Parameters, Argument Validation, Debugging Scripts, Script Examples. File Management :File Structures, System Calls for File Management - create, open, close, read, write, lseek, link, symlink, unlink, stat, fstat, lstat, chmod, chown, Directory API - opendir, readdir, closedir, mkdir, rmdir, umask. Total Hours : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. Unix and shell Programming Behrouz A. Forouzan, Richard F. Gilberg.Thomson Your Unix the ultimate guide, Sumitabha Das, TMH. 2nd Edition. Unix for programmers and users, 3rd edition, Graham Glass, King Ables, Pearson Education. Unix programming environment, Kernighan and Pike, PHI. / Pearson Education The Complete Reference Unix, Rosen, Host, Klee, Farber, Rosinski, Second Edition

REFERENCES

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