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Laterally Supported Beam Design

Given Data: Effective Span Uniformly Distributed Load Yield Stress Youngs Modules of Steel Step 1: Assume self weight(W x L/350) Total UDL Step 2: Bending Moment(M=W* x L2 / 8) Shear Force(V = W* x L / 2) Step 3: Bending (Compressive or Tensile) Stress bc or bt = (0.66 x fy) For Laterally Suppored Beam only = 234.3 MPa
3 5.05E+04 mm

L W fy E

= = = =

1.13 73.86 355 200000

m kN/m MPa N/mm2

W*

= =

0.23846 74.10

kN/m kN/m

M V

= =

11.82704 kN-m 11827041 N-mm 41.86563 kN

Step 4: Section Modules(Z = M /(bc or bt)) From Steel Table ISWB 500 Having following the properties Zxx Ixx h Tf Tw Step 5: Check For Shear Calculated Average Shear Stress ( va = V /(h x Tw)) Permissible Shear Stress(v = 0.4 x fy) Step 6:Check For Deflection Calculated Deflection(Ymax = 5 x W* x L4 / (384 x E x Ixx)) Allowable Deflection( L /325) Ymax = = 0.021 mm (Refer Table No 1) 3.5 mm (Hence Safe) va v = = N/mm2 7.3 N/mm2 142 (Hence Safe) = = = = = 8.78E+10 3.70E+08 425 22.352 13.462 mm3 mm4 mm mm mm Z =

TABLE NO 1 Type oy Support Simply Support Point Load UDL Fixed Support Point Load K=(W* x L4)/(E x I) K/192 K / 48 K/384 Loading Type UDL Deflection 5 x K /384

Laterally Unsupported Beam Design

Given Data: Type of beam Effective Span Uniformly Distributed Load Yield Stress Youngs Modules of Steel Step 1: Assume self weight(W x L/350) Total UDL Step 2: Bending Moment(M=W* x L2 / 8) Shear Force(V = W* x L / 2) Step 3: Bending (Compressive or Tensile) Stress bc or bt = = (0.66 x fy) 234.3 M V = = 461.44035 461440350 263.6802 kN-m N-mm kN = = 1.47720 75.34 kN/m kN/m L W fy E = = = = = 7 73.86 355 200000 2 m kN/m MPa N/mm2

W*

MPa

Step 4: Section Modules(Z = M /(bc or bt)) From Steel Table ISWB 500 Having following the properties Zxx Ixx h Tf Tw b ry h1 = = = = = = = 8.78E+10 3.70E+08 425 22.352 13.462 100 50 mm3 mm4 mm mm mm mm mm Z = 1.97E+06 mm3

= 45 mm h2 = 509 mm Tf/Tw = 1.66 d1=(h-2 x Tf) d1 = 380.30 mm d1/Tw = 28.25 h/Tf = 19.01 L/ry = 140.00 Since Tf/Tw < 2 and d1/Tw < 85..,Refer book "Design of steel structure-B.C.Punmia"Table 8.5 B will be applicable N/mm2 cb = 110.58 N/mm2 (Z = M/ Minimum of cb or bc) = 110.58 Revised Z = 4172909.66 mm (Hence Safe)
3

(Interpolation)

Step 5: Check For Shear Calculated Average Shear Stress ( va = V /(h x Tw)) Permissible Shear Stress(v = 0.4 x fy) Step 6:Check For Deflection Type of Loading Calculated Deflection(Ymax = 5 x W* x L / (384 x E x Ixx)) Allowable Deflection( L /325)
4

va v

= =

N/mm 46.1 N/mm2 142 (Hence Safe)

= Ymax = =

1 31.828 mm (Refer Table No 1) 21.5 mm (Hence Not Safe so Change Higher Section)

TABLE NO 1 Type oy Support Simply Support Point Load UDL Fixed Support Point Load K=(W* x L /(E x I)
4)

Loading Type UDL

Deflection 5 x K /384 K / 48 K/384 K/192 K = 2444.39 mm

Deflection Value Table


S.No 1 Type oy Support Simply Support UDL 31.83 Point Load 50.92

Fixed Support

6.37

12.73