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AUTOMATIC WATER LEVEL SENSIOFN AND CONTROL SYSTEM

iNTRODUCTION Most water level indicators are equipped to indicate and detect only a single level. The Water Level Indicator implemented here can indicate up to three such levels and the microcontroller displays the level number on a LCD display. So, not only is the circuit capable of cautioning a person that the water tank has been filled up to a certain level, it also indicates that the water level has fallen below the minimum detectable level. Also automatically starts and stopm the water motor in order to fill the tank up to needed level This circuit is important in appliances such as the water cooler where there is a danger of motor-burnout when there is no water in the radiator used up also it can be used in fuel level indication.

The Water Level Indicator employs a simple mechanism to detect and indicate the water level in an overhead tank or any other water container. The sensing is done by using a set of robes which are placed at different levels on the tank walls The top level represents the tank full condition while lower level represents the tank empty condition. When the water-level is below the minimum detectable level (MDL), the displays is arranged to show the indicating that the tank is empty at this condition the controller will automatically start the water motor and make sure that the4 tank gets field again and as sson as the tank is full it will automatically turn of the water motor

Block Diagram

POWER SUPPLY

WATER LEVEL SENSOR 1 WATER LEVEL SENSOR 2 WATER LEVEL SENSOR 3 SIGNAL CONDITIONING

lLCD

MICROCONTR OLLER MOTOR DIRVER WATER MOTOR MOTOR

ALARM CIRCUIT

Microcontroller (AT89S52) 1 About 8052 (AT89S52) microcontroller

The AT89S52 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 8K bytes of downloadable Flash programmable and erasable read only memory and 2K bytes of EEPROM. The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density non volatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standard 80C51 instruction set and pin out. The on-chip downloadable Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system through an SPI serial interface or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with downloadable Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89S52 is a powerful microcomputer which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded control applications.

The AT89S52 provides the following standard features: 8K bytes of downloadable Flash, 2K bytes of EEPROM, 256 bytes of RAM, 32 I/O lines, programmable watchdog timer, two data pointers, three 16-bit timer/counters, a six-vector two-level interrupt architecture, a full duplex serial port, on-chip oscillator, and clock circuitry. In addition, the AT89S8252 is designed with static logic for operation down to zero frequency and supports two software selectable power saving modes. The Idle Mode stops the CPU while allowing the RAM, timer/counters, serial port, and interrupt system to continue functioning. The Power-down mode saves the RAM contents but freezes the oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until the next interrupt or hardware reset. The downloadable Flash can be changed a single byte at a time and is accessible through the SPI serial interface. Holding RESET active forces the SPI bus into a serial programming interfaces and allows the program memory to be written to or read from unless Lock Bit 2 has been activated

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

P89V51RD2 Microcontroller The AT89C51 provides the following standard features: 16 K bytes of Flash, 1024 bytes of RAM, 32 I/O lines, two 16-bit timer/counters, a five vector two-level interrupt architecture, a full duplex serial port, on-chip oscillator and clock circuitry. In addition, the P89V51RD2 is designed with static logic for operation down to zero frequency and supports two software selectable power saving modes. The Idle Mode stops the CPU while allowing the RAM, timer/counters, serial port and interrupt system to continue functioning. The Power-down Mode saves the RAM contents but freezes the oscillator disabling all other chip functions until the next hardware rese

Advantages Easy installation. Low maintenance. Compact elegant design. The Automatic water level controller ensures no overflows or dry running of pump there by saves electricity and water. Avoid seepage of roofs and walls due to overflowing tanks.

Applications of Water Level Indicator: Automatic Water level Controller can be used in Hotels, Factories, Homes Apartments, Commercial Complexes, Drainage, etc., It can be fixed for single phase motor, Single Phase Submersibles, Three Phase motors. (For 3 and Single Phase Submersible Starter is necessary) and open well, Bore well and Sump. We can control two motor and two sumps and two overhead tanks by single unit. Automatic water level controller will automatically START the pump set as soon as the water level falls below the predetermined level (usually 1/2 tank) and shall SWITCH OFF the pump set as soon as tank is full. Fuel level indicator in vehicles. Liquid level indicator in the huge containers in the companies.