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SUMMARY PABRIK BIOETANOL DARI JAMBU METE (ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE) DENGAN PROSES FERMENTASI
BIOETHANOL PLANT FROM CASHEW (ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE) WITH FERMENTATION PROCESS Created by RAFIKASARI, TRYAS Subject Subject Alt Keyword : : alkohol : Biogasse alcohol : bioetanol; fermentasi; anacardium occidentale

Description :
Bioethanol adalah ethanol yang diproduksi dari bahan baku berupa biomassa seperti singkong, jagung, kentang, gandum, tebu, bit sorgum dan molases. Bahan baku yang digunakan dalam pabrik ini adalah buah semu jambu mete sebesar 11095,37 ton/tahun. Bioethanol dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan bakar alternatif yang bersifat renewable dan dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan bakar pengganti fosil. Proses pembuatan bioethanol ini meliputi lima tahap. Tahap pertama adalah proses pengepresan. Tahap kedua adalah proses pre fermentasi terdiri dari proses penurunan pH dengan penambahan H2SO4 98%, proses sterilisasi, dan proses pembuatan starter dengan penambahan nutrient dan Sacharomycess cerevisiae. Tahap ketiga adalah proses fermentasi selama 48 jam dengan penambahan inokulum dari tangki starter dan antifoam. Tahap keempat adalah proses distilasi. Tahap kelima adalah dehidrasi molecular shieve untuk meningkatkan kadar ethanol menjadi 99,5 %. Pabrik bioetanol ini beroperasi selama 24 jam per hari dengan masa kerja 330 hari per tahun. Produk utama yang dihasilkan berupa bioetanol. Kapasitas produksi pabrik bioetanol adalah 353,56 ton/tahun dan kebutuhan utilitas sebesar 1489,336 m3/tahun.

Description Alt:
Bioethanol is ethanol produced from biomass as raw material such as cassava, corn, potatoes, wheat, sugarcane, beet, sorgum and molasses. Raw materials used in this factory is pseudo cashew fruit 11095,37 tons/year. Bioethanol can be used as an alternative biofuel that is renewable and can be used as an a substitute for fossil fuel. Bioethanol production process involves five stages. The first stage is the process of pressing. The second stage is pre fermentation process consisting of decreasing the pH by adding 98% H2SO4, sterilization process, and preparation the process of a starter with the addition of nutrients and Sacharomycess cerevisiae. The third stage is the process of fermentation for 48 hours with the addition of inoculum from the starter and antifoam tank. The fourth stage is distillation. The fifth phase is a dehydration molecular shieve to increase ethanol content to be 99,5%. Bioethanol plant is operated for 24 hours per day with a period time of 330 days a year. The main product is bioethanol. Bioethanol plant capacity is 751,32 tons / year and required to 1489,336 m3/year.

Contributor Date Create Type Format Language Identifier

: Dr. Ir. Soeprijanto, M.Sc : 22/07/2010 : Text : pdf : Indonesian : ITS-NonDegree-3100010040453

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Collection Call Number Source COverage Right

: 3100010040453 : RSK 662.88 Raf p : Non Degree, Chemical Engineering, RSK 662.88 Raf p, 2010 : ITS Community : Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library

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