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NAPLAN marking criteria

Audience An internally consistent text that provides sufficient information to orient the reader to follow the text fairly easily.

VELS level
Meets the needs of audiences by including appropriate background information. (3) Adapts writing to suit the audience and purpose. (3) Writes short texts that include several related ideas in sequence. (2) Uses appropriate structures to achieve some organisation of the subject matter. (2) Writes short sequenced texts that convey some related ideas about familiar topics. (2) Expresses a point of view providing some information and supporting detail. (3) Selects content, form and vocabulary depending on the purpose for writing. (2)

Text structure

No attempt at introduction the body mainly comprises a series of points.


Ideas are supported with some elaboration.

Persuasive devices

Uses two simple persuasive devices: a statement of personal opinion (I belive), and modal verb (should). Uses mostly simple content words with two or three precise words.




Uses suitable vocabulary for the subject matter, including nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. (3) Uses some simple cohesive Experiments with more devices, including some correct complex grammatical noun/pronoun referencing (animals features, such as ways of theyre they), conjunctions linking ideas in sentences (because, if, so) and adverbs using pronouns, conjunctions and adverbial (firstly, secondly). phrases indicating time and place. (2) Ideas are separated into Uses appropriate structures paragraphs, but without topic to achieve some sentences or supporting detail. organisation of the subject matter. (2)

Sentence structure

Four correct compound sentences that use the same construction, but no complex sentences. Meaning is predominantly clear. Sentence level punctuation mostly correct and use of additional punctuation: contraction apostrophes and commas.

Writes a variety of simple and compound sentences and uses verb tenses correctly. (3) Uses capital letters, full stops and question marks correctly. (2) Uses punctuation to support meaning, including exclamation marks and quotation marks, and accurately uses full stops, commas and question marks. (3) Accurately spells frequently used words, and makes use of known spelling patterns to make plausible attempts at spelling unfamiliar words. (2) Makes plausible attempts at spelling new and more difficult words. (3)



Correct spelling of simple words, most common words, and two difficult words (endangered, rotation).

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