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Introductionto MaritimeSecurity

TheMaritimeTerrorism

TheIGMSGrC MaritimeSecurityCommittee

Definition
MaritimeSecurity isthecreationand maintenanceofsecurityatseawhichis essentialforthepreventionofintentional damagethroughsabotage,subversion,or terrorism

TheFacts
70%oftheEarthiscoveredinwater 80%ofworldspopulationliveswithin100milesoff coast 90%ofworldscommerceisseaborne

MainThreats
MaritimeCrime(Piracy) MaritimeTerrorism ProliferationofChemical,Biological,Radiological, NuclearMaterials ProliferationofWeaponsofMassDistraction ImprovisedExplosiveDevices EnvironmentalAttacks

Characteristics
Uncontrolled

Insight Threats Collaboration

MaritimeTerrorismTargets
Mostlikelymaritimeterroriststargetvesselsthatwill havesomeeffectonthepoliticalobjectivetheyare tryingtoachieve. Categories: Shipsasiconictargets Shipsaseconomictargets Shipsasmasscasualtytargets Shipsasweapons
Ref:MaritimeTerrorismandPiracy:ExistingandPotentialThreats Mr.EricSheaNelson

FavorableCircumstances

Geographical necessity Legal and jurisdictional opportunities Inadequate security Secure base areas Maritime tradition Charismatic and effective leadership State and non state support Remuneration

Ref:MaritimeTerrorismandPiracy:ExistingandPotentialThreats Mr.EricSheaNelson

TheMaritimeDomain
Terrorismisnotconfinedtoonespecific
region

Terroristsarecapableofusing
unconventionalmeans

Themaritimedomainisoneareathatposes
asecurityconcernandisparticularly vulnerabletoterroristattacks.

Ref:MaritimeTerrorismandPiracy:ExistingandPotentialThreats Mr.EricSheaNelson

TheGoodNews
Limitednumberofterroristgroups conductseaborneattacks Limitednumberofstatesthatare directlyaffected Requiresaparticularsetofskills andequipment
Ref:MaritimeTerrorismandPiracy:ExistingandPotentialThreats Mr.EricSheaNelson

Features
Principals:MilitaryWing Aim:Altruistic Motive:Altruistic Activity:Attacksagainstorfromships Means:Speedboats,bombs Deployment:Scattered Tactics:HitandRun,SuicideAttack Maintargets:Civilian,Military

Example
AttackonShip

TheLIMBURG incident 2002inYemen 400.000oilbarrels Hugebombexplosion Majoroilspill

IsitHistory?
Date:Oct2013 Place:SuezCanal Ship:ChineseContainership Unsuccessfulattackfromashorewith3RPGs

MainFutureChallenges
EnergySecurity
(e.g.Oilplatforms)

CriticalInfrastructureprotection NewareasforPiracy Cost EnvironmentalDanger ProliferationofIllicitMaterials HumanTrafficking IllegalImmigration

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