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Pertama, baca dengan seksama seluruh teks tanpa mencoba mengisi bagian yang kosong (atau selanjutnya kita sebut sebagai gap). Bacalah dua atau tiga kali sampai anda mendepatkan gambaran umum dari teks yang sedang anda hadapi. Isilah gap yang anda benar-benar yakin anda tahu jawabannya. Kemudian, cobalah untuk mencari kata yang hilang di sisa gap yang masih ada. Coba anda cek, jenis kata apa yang mungkin cocok untuk mengisi gap tersebut (article, pronoun, noun, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, atau verb?. Selain itu anda juga sangat perlu untuk memastikan grammar yang berada di sekitar gap (dalam hal ini saya menyarankan untuk melihat kata sebelum dan sesudah gap, karena besar kemungkinan mereka berpengaruh terhadap pilihan kata untuk mengisi gap tersebut) Beberapa gap mungkin meliputi hal-hal sebagai berikut:

preposition sebelum noun, adjective, verb. (Contoh: good at languages) prepositional phrase (Contoh: in spite of)\ adverb (Contoh: The girl is dancing beautifully) connectors (Contoh: First, he arrives; then he sits down; finally, he leaves) conjunctions (Contoh: Although he is five, he can speak five languages) auxiliary verbs (Contoh: He has won 2 matches) article atau determiner yang lain (Contoh: I have no time) relative pronoun (Contoh: Juan, whom I met two years ago, is my best friend) pronoun, baik berposisi sebagai subyek, obyek, atau menunjukkan kepemilikan (Contoh: It is difficult to know)

degrees of comparison (Contoh: She is taller than me) 5. Beberapa kalimat kelihatannya sudah lengkap, dan mengandung gap yang sepertinya tidak penting. Apabila anda menemukan gap seperti ini, mungkin anda memerlukan hal-hal sebagai berikut: adverb (Contoh: He is always late) modal verb (Contoh: They can swim very well)

kata yang merubah penekanan makna (Contoh: She is good enough to be a queen) 6. Beberapa gap mungkin memerlukan vocabulary yang konsisten dengan topik teks yang sedang dihadapi; atau sebuah kata yang merupakan bagian dari ungkapan idiom (Contoh: Good heavens!); atau sebuah kata yangberpasangan dengan kata yang lain (Contoh: do a job); atau sebuah kata yang merupakan bagian dari sebuah phrasal verb (Contoh: I was held up by traffic) 7. Apabila setelah mempraktekkan teknik-teknik di atas, anda masih menyisakan gap yang belum terjawab, maka lakukan "wild guess". ^_^ 8. Jangan pernah meninggalkan gap kosong (tidak terisi), dan jangan pernah mengisi gap dengan jawaban yang anda yakin jawaban itu salah meskipun kata tersebut adalah satu-satunya pilihan jawaban yang anda pahami maksudnya,

Sebelum kita menelaah lebih jauh, ada baiknya kita memetakan jenis-jenis kata yang digunakan dalam soal Ujian Nasional SMK / SMA bagian error recognitiondan cloze test. 1. Noun (kata benda) 2. Verb (kata kerja) 3. Adjective (kata sifat) 4. Adverb (kata keterangan) 5. Auxiliary (kata bantu) 6. Preposition (kata depan) 7. Conjunction (kata sambung) 8. Article -> the, a, an Untuk jenis kata murni (base), ada hal-hal yang dapat anda lakukan untuk menganalisa sebuah kata, yaitu: 1. Tambahkan "the" di depannya. Kalau bisa, maka kata tersebut pasti noun. Contoh: the people, the child, the tree, etc. 2. Tambahkan akhiran (-ing) di belakangnya. Kalau bisa, maka kata tersebut pasti verb. Contoh: working, speaking, sleeping, etc. 3. Tambahkan "very" di depannya. Kalau bisa, maka kata tersebut pasti adjective. Contoh: very handsome, very afraid, very tired, etc. Selanjutnya, yang kadang-kadang susah adalah ketika kita menghadapi pilihan kata yang seperti berikut: attend, attendant, attendance, attended ^___^. Untuk jenis kata yang seperti ini, kita harus menganalisa suffix (akhiran) yang mengikuti kata dasar (base) nya. Berikut ini adalah suffix (akhiran) untuk mendeteksi bahwa sebuah kata itu pasti NOUN: 1. -ment : government, development, investment, etc. 2. -ship : friendshep, citizenship, relationship, etc. 3. -ness : tiredness, friendliness, awareness, etc. 4. ance, -ancy, -ence, -ency : attendance, relevance, proviciency, existence, etc. 5. ion, -sion, -tion : organization, acquisition, cohesion, etc. 6. -ism : pluralism, plagiarism, nationalism 7. -er, -ar, -or : driver, liar, conductor, etc. 8. -ee : employee, nominee, refugee, etc. 9. -ian : civilian, American, Korean, Indian, Christian, musician, etc 10. -ist : pianist, communist, Nationalist, etc. Berikut ini adalah suffix (akhiran) untuk mendeteksi bahwa sebuah kata itu pasti ADJECTIVE: 1. -able, -ible : capable, invicible, durable, etc. 2. -al : natural, environmental, classical, etc. 3. -ed : tired, bored, exhausted, etc. 4. -ful : helpful, careful, doubtful, etc. 5. -ic : metallic, realistic, patriotic, etc. 6. -ing : boring, annoying, tiring, etc. 7. -ish : reddish, Spanish, British, etc. 8. -ive : exclusive, conclusive, inconclusive, effective, etc. 9. -less : careless, helpless, hopeless, etc.

10. -ous : courtageous, obvious, obnoxious, etc.

Berikut ini adalah suffix (akhiran) untuk mendeteksi bahwa sebuah kata itu pasti ADVERB: -ly : beautifully, carefully, honestly, etc.

Berikut ini adalah suffix (akhiran) untuk mendeteksi bahwa sebuah kata itu pasti VERB: 1. -ize : specialize, organize, utilize, etc. 2. -fy : simplify, beautify, verify, etc. 3. -ate : manipulate, relate, integrate, etc.

CLOZE TEST
To : All Employees Re : Staff Meeting

There will be a staff meeting next Friday at 11:00 A.M. All employees are required to ... (1) the meeting and to arrive on time. The topic of the meeting is Improving Employee Morale. Though it has been a long cold winter, we need to stay positive at work. As usual we have ... (2) a guest speaker to join us. The speaker ... (3) this month's meeting will be taking about methods of positive thinking. Thank you. (Teks diambil dari Barron's TOEIC Test 4th Edition)

1. (A) attend (B) attendant (C) attending (D) attendance 2. (A) invite (B) invited (C) inviting (D) invitation 3. (A) in (B) on (C) at (D) by Berhubung banyaknya permintaan mengenai cara mengerjakan soal cloze test, maka berikut ini kami sampaikan cara mengerjakan soal di atas.

Soal no.1 Ketika anda mendapatkan pilihan jawaban seperti pada nomor 1 di atas, maka yang perlu anda lakukan pertama kali adalah menentukan jenis kata untuk masing-masing pilihan. (A) attend = verb 1 (menghadiri) (B) attendant = noun (hadirin) (C) attending = verb (-ing) (menghadiri) (D) attendance = noun (kehadiran) Langkah selanjutnya adalah melihat kata/frase di sekitar bagian yang rumpang, dalam hal ini : ... required to____ the meeting... Kita bisa lihat bahwa sebelum bagian yang rumpang ada kata "to". Kemungkinan pertama, dalam bahasa inggris to merupakan bagian dari "to infinitive" atau to + V1. Kemungkinan kedua, to merupakan preposition (kata depan) yang selalu diikuti noun berupa time or places. Oleh karena nya, soal nomor 1 jawaban yang paling tepat adalah A, dalam hal ini to berfungsi sebagai to infinitive, mengingat di pilihan kata tidak ada noun yang berupa time/place. Soal no.2 (A) invite = verb 1 (mengundang) (B) invited = verb 2 atau verb 3 (mengundang) (C) inviting = verb (-ing) (mengundang) (D) invitation = noun (undangan) Langkah selanjutnya adalah melihat kata/frase di sekitar bagian yang rumpang, dalam hal ini : ... As usual we have _______ a guest speaker. Kita lihat sebelum bagian yang rumpang ada kata "have" Kemungkinan pertama, "have" sebagai auxiliary + V3 Kemungkinan kedua, "have" sebagai verb + noun Oleh karenanya kita mempunyai 2 kemungkinan jawaban yang secara grammatikal benar, yaitu B dan D. Akan tetapi jawaban D secara grammatikal ambigu, karena ketika ada beberapa noun disandingkan, seharusnya menjadi sebagai satu frase yang utuh, tetapi dalam kalimat we have invitation a guest speaker, tidak terbentuk frase yang meaningful. Oleh karenanya, jawaban untuk soal nomor 2 yaitu B. Soal no.3 Ketika anda mendapatkan pilihan jawaban seperti ini, anda tidak perlu mencari jenis katanya karena keempat pilihan jawaban mempunyai jenis kata yang sama, yaitu preposition. Preposition + noun. Maka kita perlu mengidentifikasi noun yang muncul setelah bagian yang rumpang, dalam hal ini: The speaker ______ this month's meeting. Coba anda perhatikan frase tersebut. Frase tersebut mempunyai inti di meeting. Oleh karenanya kita harus mencari preposition yang tepat untuk kata "meeting". Ada beberapa pendapat tentang pemilihan preposition, tapi karena meeting merupakan suatu perkumpulan beberapa orang, maka lazim menggunakan at (jawaban C).

Springfield News - Wednesday Edition Workers at the Springfield Furniture Factory went on strike yesterday. All ... (1) at the factory has stopped. Employees promise that they will not return to work until they ... (2) a new contract with the factory owners. The Springfield ... (3) has been strong since last February when three new factories opened. Unemployment is at an all-time low. Due to an increase in job availability, workers can now demand higher pay. 1. (A) produce (B) producer (C) production (D) productive 2. (A) negotiate (B) negotiator (C) negotiable (D) negotiation 3. (A) economy (B) economic (C) economize (D) economical TELEPHONE MESSAGE For : Marcia Stevens From: Bob Evans Call Back: No Urgent: No Message: Mr. Evans called this morning. He is catching a flight ... (1) New York early tomorrow. He needs you to run some errands while he is away. He left a list for you ... (2) your desk drawer. The list is in order of priority. Most important: You need to mail the monthly newsletter to all board members. If you have any problems reading his writing, call him ... (3) his cell phone. Mr. Evans said he thinks you have the number stored on your computer. If not, call his wife at home. She will give it to you. Message received by: Erica Meyers (Taken from Barron's TOEIC Test 4th Edition) 1. (A) at (B) to (C) over (D) with

2. (A) of (B) on (C) in (D) next 3. (A) at (B) on (C) in (D) to

Teks1 Room 354, Block 6 Model Village North Point Hong Kong Phone: 24862893 Mobile: 95427415 E-mail: wwm654@hkinternet.com 9 April 201321 February 2013 Mr William Chan Personnel Manager Wong And Lim Consulting PO Box 583 Kwai Chung Kowloon Dear Mr Chan I am writing to apply for the post of Management Trainee, which was advertised on the Student Affairs Office notice board of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University on 9 April 201321 February 2013. My working experience at Lucky Star Garment Manufactory Limited improved my leadership skills, ... (1) skills and ability to work in a team environment. I have fluent spoken and written English. I also have fluent spoken and written Mandarin, and can therefore work in mainland China. Currently I am studying a B.A. in Management at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, graduating in 20132013. Subjects which I am studying that are relevant to the post of Management Trainee include Operations Management, Human Resources Management, Accounting, Marketing and Strategic Management. My final year project is entitled Knowledge Management Practices in HK. Carrying out this project has improved my communication skills, my leadership skills and my ability to lead and supervise subordinates effectively. I have also learned how to run a project from the planning stage to its completion. During my studies I have held the post of Executive in the Management Society. While leading and organising Management Society activities I have improved my ability to lead and supervise subordinates .... (2), ability to work under pressure and ability to work in a team environment.

Working for Wong And Lim Consulting appeals to me because it has a good reputation and it provides excellent training. Your organisation produces a high-quality service, and I can contribute to this with my leadership skills and my ability to work under pressure. I am available ... (3) interview at any time. I can be contacted most easily on the mobile phone number given above. I look forward to meeting you. Yours sincerely

Wong Wai Man Wilfred Encl: Resume (Taken from http://www2.elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/jaleg.htm) 1. (A) communicate (B) communicated (C) communication (D) communicatively 2. (A) effect (B) effects (C) effective (D) effectively 3. (A) to (B) in (C) for (D) from

Teks 2 3109 Vista Street Philadelphia, PA 19136 January 19th, 2013 Ms. Stephanie Spencer, Director of Personnel Department 411 Boeing Naval Systems 103 Industrial Drive Wilmington, DE 20093 Dear Ms. Spencer: I am writing in response to your advertisement in the January 16 Philadelphia Inquirer. I believe that my academic training at Drexel University in Electrical Engineering, along with my experience with RCA Advanced Technology Laboratory, would qualify me for the position of programmer.

My ... (1) at Drexel University has given me a strong background in computer hardware and system design. I have concentrated on digital and computer applications, developing and designing computer and signal-processing hardware in two graduate-level engineering courses. For my senior-design project, I am working with four other undergraduates in using OO programming techniques to enhance the path-planning software for an infrared night-vision robotics application. While ... (2) at RCA, I applied my computer experience to the field of the VLSI design. In one project I used my background in LISP to develop and test new LISP software used in the automated production of VLSI standard cell family databooks. In another project, I used CAD software on a VAX to evaluate IC designs. The enclosed resume provides an overview of my education and experience. I would like to meet with you at your convenience to discuss my qualifications for this position. Please write to me .... (3) the above address or leave a message anytime at (215) 555-5876. Sincerely, Carloz Rodriguez. (Taken from http://www.uark.edu/campus-resources/qwrtcntr/resources/handouts/jobapp.htm) 1. (A) educate (B) education (C) educated (D) educatively 2. (A) work (B) worked (C) to work (D) working 3. (A) in (B) on (C) at (D) from

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