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Design for Learning

Instructor: Aaron Conner Lesson Title: An Ever Changing World Curriculum Area: Science Grade Level: 3rd Date: October 30, 2013 Estimated Time: 60-90 minutes

Standards Connection: AL 3rd Science (2) Identify physical and chemical changes of matter.

Learning Design:

I. Teaching: The teacher will begin the class by writing the words physical change and chemical change on the board. The teacher will now connect the experiment to the lesson. Alright class, raise your hands and start telling me some of the observations that you experienced outside with the chopped wood. Very good those are some great observations; lets do the same for the wood that got burned. Excellent. Now you may be wondering why we just went outside and burned some wood. Well class, today we are going to be learning about the differences between physical change and chemical change. Who wants to take a shot at figuring out which of our examples is the physical change? Kelly? Actually the chopped wood would be the example of the physical change. Now there are many characteristics that define physical changes. So when an object is changed physically the object remains the same at the smallest level but is changed in some observable way. For example the wood that I chopped, when it was cut it was still wood but its shape and size had been changed. You could take a look in the microscope at the wood before I chopped it and after I chopped it and they would look the same. Another example of physical change would be stepping on a soda can. The can has changed size and shape but at the molecular level the can is the same. Who thinks that they have another example of a physical change? Did everyone hear John? He just brought up a very important example. He said that ice melting is a physical change. Do you all agree? I knew you were the brightest class! Yes ice melting back into water is still a physical change because it can go back and forth between stages. Ice can melt into water and water can freeze into ice. Remember that example guys because it can get a little tricky since it seems to change into a different substance. So when you are dealing with physical changes remember that the texture of an object can change, the color can change, the temperature can change, the shape can change, and the state can change. Now lets talk about chemical changes. Does anyone out there know of an example other than burning wood that would be a chemical change? These are trickier than physical changes but once you understand what a chemical change is then you will be able to see the changes all around you. Now why is burning wood considered a chemical change? Yes because the wood burned into ash and is now a new substance. A chemical change is simply a change that changes the composition or the structure of the substance. For example, do you all remember the video we watched about the explorers would were filming the wreckage of the Titanic? Well, all of that rust on the ship is a good example of a chemical change because you can never turn rust back into metal. Ill give you another example. Think about when your mom bakes a cake. At first she does many physical changes like cracking an egg. Then she mixes all the ingredients together and puts them in the oven. When the heat from the oven reacts with the mixture, all of the individual ingredients merge and form a new substance. Now could you take a baked cake and turn it back into an egg, sugar, flour, or any of the other ingredients? No of course not. And that is how you know that a chemical reaction has occurred. The last change your mom does would be a physical change as she takes the icing out of the fridge, scoops it out with a knife, and spreads it across the cake. Its important to remember that with chemical changes the temperature can change for instance in a firework explosion the firework gets really hot as the explosion occurs and change the substance chemically. Chemical reactions also tend to change the color of the object like the burned wood or food that is cooking. Chemical changes also have a noticeable odor such as the delicious smell of Moms cookies that are being baked. And finally remember that chemical changes have the formation of gas and precipitation. If you watch closely as wood burns you will see that smoke is a major byproduct and is caused by the precipitation and gas. II. Opportunity for Practice: The class will break down into their 3 table groups and will begin to practice at three different stations for fifteen minutes each.

lesson I just want you all to be looking as the days go by at all of the different changes that are going on around us all the time!
Materials and Resources:

Hatchet 2 uncut wooden logs Lighter Fluid Matches Safety goggles Laptop Projector Internet Access Nooks Field Journals
School Kitchen 2 Packs of Cookie Dough

Sprinkles Icing
Cookie Sheet Oven Mitt Spatula Napkins Paper Scissors Markers Glue

Differentiation Strategies (including plans for individual learners):

H- Students will look at more complex chemical changes at the molecular level and will use a microscope to observe different chemical reactions between safe chemicals. L- Students will be given a more basic quiz with only four questions and will be completed as a conversation with the teacher who will provide feedback on the spot and define each type of change for each example to show the student the differences in the changes.
Data Analysis:

Reflection:

Samford University Design for Learning

Name:_______________

1. Heated Metal Bending

2. Meat Rotting

3. Breaking a Window

4. Baking a Cake

5. Burning Wood

6. Baking Soda and Vinegar Reaction

7. Snowman Melting

8. Chopping Wood

9. Grilling Hamburgers

10.