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HANDOUT # 1

SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT

COLEGIO DE SEBASTIAN
Mac Arthur Highway, Brgy. San Isidro, City of San Fernando, Pampanga

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE A.Y. 2013-2014 Science and Environment


A. Environmental Science Environmental Science deals with the study of our environment, either globally or locally, and its living and non-living components. It is a composite entity incorporating the different fields of science such as: 1. Natural Sciences which include biology, chemistry, earth science, physics and medicine. 2. Social Sciences which include economics, political science, sociology, history, philosophy and ethics. 3. Other Sciences such as mathematics, statistics, technology, business and management, law, religion, morality and aesthetics. Environment encompasses all that surrounds us the natural world in which we live, and all the things that are produced by people. Every aspect of human behavior has some relationship with the natural environment. Our existence depends much on what our environment can provide. As our numbers grow, our demands on our environment also increase. B. Goals of Environmental Science 1. To develop sustainable world a world in which the supply of food, water, building materials, clean air, and other resources can sustain human population to continue to exist indefinitely with a high standard of living and health. 2. To study environmental problems and issues priorities regarding acceptable environmental preservation of natural species and habitats; freedom of nations to do as they please, within their own potential boundaries and issues on the quality of life, fairness and ethics. C. Resource Management and Resource Technology The worlds human population has tripled in the twentieth century, but supplies of food and other resources do not grow. Resources management and resource technology are significant features of environmental science. Our natural resources are classified as follows: 1. Non-renewable - resources that can be retrieved from the environmental once, but are not generated. 2. Renewable resources that can be renewed, adjusted and manipulated, such as some of our biological resources. D. Environmental Education (EE) and Its Broad Definition Environmental Education is the process by which people develop awareness, knowledge, and concern of the environment and its diverse values and processes, and learns to use this understanding to preserve, conserve and utilize the environment in a sustainable manner for the benefit of present and future generation.
Prepared by: MARK ANTHONY N. LISING, RN, CRN, MAN

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SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT

1. It involves the acquisition of skills, motivations and commitments to work individually and collectively towards solving current environmental problems and preventing new problems from cropping up. 2. Adopts an integrated approach to the environment, both natural and man-made, and promotes a holistic, dynamic and interactive view of its biological, physical, social, economic, technological and cultural components. E. Environmental Education and Its Goal 1. Society prepares its citizens to carry out their responsibilities through its system of education. a. Education must develop in each citizen an awareness of, and sensitivity to the environment and its problems. b. Education must teach each citizen the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to solve problems. c. Education must foster positive attitudes and patterns of conduct toward the environment. 2. E.E. must consider all aspects of the environment natural and man-made, technological, social, economic, political, cultural, aesthetic and knowledge. 3. E.E. must emphasize an enduring continuity, linking actions of today to the consequences for tomorrow and the need to think globally. 4. E.E must aid young citizens in developing a sense of responsibility and commitment to the future, and prepare them to carry out the role of safeguarding and improving the environment upon which all life depends. 5. Real E.E. is far different. It teaches students critical thinking and informs them of environmental science as it really is an on-going search for truth. 6. In sum, E.E. is a valuable part of science instruction. It molds students into smug crusaders whose initial foundation of knowledge is shaky at best. F. The National Environmental Education Action Plan for Sustainable Development (2005 2014) The year 2005 to 2014 have been declared as the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (UNDESD). Key themes in Education for Sustainable Development (under the UNESCO Framework for a Draft implementation scheme of the UNDESD) a. Overcoming poverty b. Gender Equality c. Health Promotion d. Environmental Conservation and Protection e. Rural Transformation f. Human Rights, Intercultural Understanding and Peace g. Sustainable Production and Consumption h. Cultural Diversity and Information and Communication Technologies 2. The Philippine Response Through the Environmental Education and Information Division of the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, which likewise chairs the Sub-committee on Information and Education of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development, a multisectoral workshop was held in November 2003 to begin the updating of the National Environment Education Action Plan (NEEAP), which served as the framework for environmental education in the country from 1992-2002. This consultative workshop sought to review and assess initiatives for the NEEAP 1192-2002, based on sectoral perspectives in basic education; technical and
Prepared by: MARK ANTHONY N. LISING, RN, CRN, MAN

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vocational education; and tertiary and non-formal education (including civil society, local governments, media, business and youth). Implementation gaps and recommendations for actions were further identified in the consultative workshop (and the later smaller consultations that followed), and integrated into the updated NEEAP for Sustainable Development for 2005-2014, coinciding with the UNDESD. 3. Key Elements of Sustainable Development under the Enhanced Philippine Agenda 21 that the NEEAP for Sustainable Development for 2005-2014 must support: a. Poverty Reduction b. Social Equity c. Empowerment and Good Governance d. Peace and Solidarity e. Ecological Integrity 4. Education for Sustainability The aim is to pursue education to foster the transition to a sustainable society. As a process, education for sustainable development is used to: a. Create awareness of sustainable development issues b. Enhance knowledge and understanding skills c. Influence values and attitudes d. Encourage more responsible behaviour e. Promote learning that leads to action 5. The Vision The plan envisions an environmentally literate and proactive citizenry imbued with a sense of responsibility to care, protect and enhance environmental quality that is conducive to their well-being, supportive of the nations economic development and unified in its pursuit of peace, social justice and equity in the use of natural resources. 6. The Mission a. To improve the institutional systems, making them more relevant towards the delivery of environmental education to all segments of society. b. To mobilize resources and encourage more private/public investments and partnerships in supporting programs for environmental education. c. To establish a critical mass of committed environmental educators and practitioners who will spearhead the environmental education movement. d. To promote an environmental ethics which will instill the right values and attitudes as a way of life among the Filipinos. MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS Goal 1: Eradicate poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child morbidity Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development For monitoring country poverty trends, indicators based on national poverty lines should be used, where available.

Prepared by: MARK ANTHONY N. LISING, RN, CRN, MAN

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SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT

Amongst contraceptive methods, only condoms are effective in preventing HIV transmissions. Because the condom use rate is only measured amongst women in union, it will be supplemented by an indicator on condom use in high risk situations (UNICEF-WHO). To be measured by the ration of proportion of orphans to non-orphans aged 10-14 who are attending school. Preventions to be measured by the % of under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets; treatment to be measured by the % of under 5 who are approximately treated.

Prepared by: MARK ANTHONY N. LISING. RN, CRN, MAN


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Prepared by: MARK ANTHONY N. LISING, RN, CRN, MAN

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