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Epidemiology Comprehensive Review Fall 2013 1. Chapter 1 a. What is public health b. The dimensions of health c.

Activities performed in epidemiology d. Efficacy vs. effectiveness e. Epidemic, endemic, pandemic f. Types of transmission g. Epidemiology triangle h. Cases i. Different levels of prevention 2. Chapter 2 a. History of epidemiology 3. Chapter 3 a. What is disease b. Types of transmission c. Classification of disease d. Types of pathogens e. Stages of disease and the categories of disease f. Immunity g. Malnutrition vs. under nutrition 4. Chapter 4 a. Design strategies and statistical methods in descriptive epidemiology b. What is descriptive epidemiology c. Interpretation of SMR d. Types of descriptive studies 5. Chapter 5 a. Confounding factors b. Who, when, where c. Surveillance data and trends d. Dependency ratios 6. Chapter 6 a. What are vital statistics b. Health indicators 7. Chapter 7 a. Define analytic epidemiology. b. Distinguish between observational and experimental analytic epidemiologic studies. c. Define case-control and cohort studies, and identify their distinctive features, strengths, and weakness. d. Identify appropriate measures of association in case-control and cohort studies. e. Identify common measures used in epidemiology for describing cohort data. f. Identify potential biases in case-control and cohort studies. g. Identify ways to control for biases in case-control and cohort studies at the design and analysis levels.






h. Distinguish between effect modification and confounding. Chapter 8 a. Discuss the role of randomization in controlled trials b. Discuss the role of blinding in controlled trials c. Identify the general strengths and weaknesses of controlled trials d. Identify the advantages to using a run-in design, a factorial design, a randomized matched pair design, or a group-randomized design e. Discuss some of the ethical issues associated with experimental studies Chapter 9 a. Understand the distinction between statistical inference and causal inference b. Understand basic concepts of hypothesis formulation and testing c. Understand the potential influences of chance, bias, and confounding on measures of association d. Be familiar with selected criteria for establishing causal associations e. Understand how webs of causation can be used as tools in epidemiology Chapter 10 a. What is field epidemiology b. Characteristics of a field investigation c. The steps of investigation Chapter 11 a. Compare and contrast chronic versus acute diseases and conditions b. Define latency period, risk factor, and other terms frequently used in chronic disease epidemiology c. Identify multiple risk factors associated with common diseases in the United States d. Discuss primary prevention and control in chronic disease epidemiology e. Understand the components and applications of the health belief model Chapter 12 a. Define clinical epidemiology b. Understand various aspects of screening and diagnostic tests c. Describe various measures for evaluating prognosis d. Discuss potential biases and ways to avoid bias in evaluation of tests and treatments