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EXAM 1

1.

MEEM 4150

Oct. 11th, 2000

The strain gages mounted on the middle surfaces of a cantilever beam recorded the following strain values: a = 1333 b = 1592 . Determine the loads P1 and P2. The Modulus of Elasticity is 200 GPa and the Poissons ratio is 0.3.
b 30o a 30o P1 36 mm P2 36 mm

0.5 m

0.5 m

5 mm 5 mm

P1=----------------------------

P2=----------------------------

2.

The stress at a point is given by the stress matrix:

50 0 0 0 20 20 ksi 0 20 40
(a)Determine the three stress invariants. I1= --------------I2= --------------I3= --------------(b)Determine the orientation of principal direction associated with principal stress 7.64 ksi (T). x = -----------y =-------------z =-------------(c) A crack was discovered on a plane that has an outward normal at angles of 65o, 55o, and 45.4o with the x, y and z axis respectively. The critical stress intensity factor for the material is 22 ksi in , what would be the critical crack length on that plane. 2acrit = ----------------3. (a)Show the stress components in the r, , and x cylindrical coordinate system on the A,B, and C faces of the stress element shown.
r = 100 = 160 x = 165 rx = 125 x = 165 xx = 150 MPa

rr = 145 r = 100 xr = 125

A B C

A C

(b) A thin-walled cylindrical gas vessel has a mean radius of 3 feet and a wall thickness of 1/2 inch. The yield stress of the material is 30 ksi. Using Von-Mises failure criterion determine the maximum pressure of the gas inside the cylinder if yielding is to be avoided. pmax= -----------------------------

(c) The radius of a tapered axial rod varies as R = 2L x . Determine the extension of the rod due to the axial force P in terms of the variables P, L and E. Weight is not a consideration in this problem. P

x R(x)

(d) The displacement u and v in the x and y direction, respectively, are given at six points as shown. Using finite difference approximation find the normal strains xx and yy at point 3. Indicate which finite difference method you used?
Point 1 2 3 4 5 6 u (mm) 0.000 -0.112 0.112 -0.032 0.128 -0.048 v (mm) 0.000 0.144 0.176 0.224 0.384 0.336 0.0005 mm 1 2 0.0007 mm 0.0005 mm 3 4

y
5 6

(xx)3=---------------(yy)3=----------------

(e) The displacement in the y direction in section AB is given by v1 ( x ) = 3 ( x4 20x 3 ) ( 10 6 ) in and in BC by


v 2 ( x ) = 8 ( x 100x + 1600 ) ( 10 3 ) in .
2

Some complex Loading


M A x B C

If the bending rigidity (EI) is

120 (106) lbs-in2. Determine the reaction force at B. RB = -------------------------1. P1 = 11 kN 2a. 2b 2c 3b 3c 3d 3e I1= 110 ksi x = 90o y =31.7o 2acrit = 0.422 inch pmax= 480 psi 0.221P/(E) (xx)3= -205.7 Forward RB = 129.6 kips P2= 312 kN I2= 3400 ksi2 z =58.3o

20 in

60 in

I3= 20,000 ksi3

(yyx)3= 384 Central