Anda di halaman 1dari 15

PENETAPAN TINGKAT ISOLASI TRANSFORMATOR DAN PENANGKAP PETIR

SPESIFIKASI

TEGANGAN NOMINAL SISTEM

Tegangan tertinggi untuk Peralatan


Pentanahan Netral
Transformator tegangan oengenal (sisi tegangan tinggi)
Tingkat Isolasi Dasar(TID)
Arus Pelapasan Nominal

150kV
170kV
Efektif
150kV
650kV
10kA

Tegangan Pelapasan
Tegangan percikan denyut muka gelombang (MG)
Tegangan percikan denyut standar

460kV1), 500kV1)
530kV , 577kV
460kV, 500kV

Kelas

10kA tugas berat ,


10kA tugas berat

*)

Biasa disebut juga Tegangan percikan-denyut 1.2/50 atau tegangan percikan denyut 100%

Catatan: 1)Bilamana tidak diperoleh persesuaian perihal tegangan pengenal penangkap petir, maka tingkat pengaman dari pen
2)

Bilamana penangkap petir akan dipakai untuk melindungi gardu induk dan transformator tenaga seharusnya dipak

TEGANGAN NOMINAL SISTEM


66kV
20kV
72.5kV
24kV
Tahanan
Tahanan
66kV
20kV
325kV
125kV
10kA, 5kA
5kA2)
270kV1)
310kV
270kV
10kA tugas
ringan , 5kA
Seri A

76kV1) , 87kV1)
88kV , 100kV
76kV , 87kV
5kA Seri A

r, maka tingkat pengaman dari penangkap petir dipakai sebagai pedoman

formator tenaga seharusnya dipakai penangkap petir kelas 10kA tugas ringan

Arresters
Voltage
Rating

kV(rms)
3
4.5
6
7.5
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
60
96
102
108
120
186
198
318
336

Minimum Dry or Wet


Power Frequency
Sparkover voltage

Virtual steepness of
10000 Ampere and
front wave of
5000 Ampere Arresters
sparkover
Max 100% Max front
1.2/50
Of wave
Rate of Rise In kV
Sparkover Sparkover
micro second
Voltage
Voltage
kV (peak) kV (peak)

25000 Ampere
Arresters
Max 100%
1.2/50
Sparkover
Voltage
kV (peak)

Max front
Of wave
Sparkover
Voltage
kV (peak)

KV(rsm) 1.5 times the


rated voltage of the
arresters
30
37
52
62
76
100
12
150
176
200
224
250
274
300
500
740
790
840
930
1170
1200
1200
1200

1.3
17.5
22.5
28
32.5(58)
43(70)
54(80)
65(85)
76
87
97
108
119
130
216
324
343
363
400
610
649
1040
1100

15
20
26
31
38(62)
50(78)
62(88)
75(94)
88
100
112
125
137
150
250
371
394
418
463
702
746
1200
1260

13
17.5
22.5
28
32.5
43
54
65
76
87
97
108
119
130

15
20
26
31
38
50
62
75
88
100
112
125
137
150

Minimum Residual voltage


for
10000 Ampere
and 5000
Ampere
Arresters
kV (peak)

13
17.5
22.5
28
32.5 (47)
43 (57)
54 (69)
65(74)
76
87
97
108
119
130
216
324
343
363
400
610
649
1040
2100

2500
Ampere
Arresters
kV (peak)

MAXIMUM IMPULSE SPARKOVER TEST VOLTAGES


10 kA Light and heavyFront
steepnes s duty and 5kA Series A

F.O.W

Arrester rating

kV rms

kV/ms
1
0.175
0.28
0.5
0.66

5kA, Series B

2.5 kA

Std**kV,p F.O.W.*
Std**kV,p F.O.W.* Std**kV,p F.O.W.*
eak
kV, peak
eak
kV, peak eak
kV, peak
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
2.2
3.5
10
2.5
3
10
3
4.5
10
5
6

3
4.5
6
7.5

25
37
50
62

13
17.5
22.6
27

15
20
26
31

21

26
36
44
52

13
17.5
22.6
27

15
20
26
31

9
10.5
12
15

75
87
100
125

32.5
38
43
54

38
44
50
62

58

59

70
80

73
83

32.5
38
43
54

38
44
50
62

18
21
24
27

150
175
200
225

65
76
87
97

85

91
106
121
133

65
76
87
97

75
88
100
112

30
33
36
39

250
275
300
325

108
119
130
141

125
137
150
162

143

108
119
130

125
137
150

42
51
54
60

350
425
450
500

151
184
195
216

174
212
224
250

84
96
102

700
790
830

302
324
343

347
371
394

108
120
126

870
940
980

363
400
420

418
463
485

40

75
88
100
112

150
174
186
196
to 225
to 396
Above 396

1080
1160
1180
1200

500
570
610
649

577
660
702
746

1200 3.28UR *** 3.78UR ***


1200 3.26UR *** 3.76UR ***
1200

For guidance, since standard ratings above 198kV have not been established
5kA, Series A, arresters are based on practice in all countries; 5kA, Series B, arresters are based on practice in Canada, U.S.A
No values have yet been agreed upon.
* F.O.W. = Front of wave voltage impulse sparkover test as described in Sub-clause 61.3.1.
** Std. = Standard lightning - voltage impulse sparkover test as described in Sub-clause 61.2
*** UR = Rated voltage of arrester

1.5kA
F.O.W.*
kV, peak
9
3.5
3
4.5
6

ed on practice in Canada, U.S.A, and other countries.

MAXIMUM RESIDUAL VOLTAGE


Arrester
10kA light and
5kA, Series B**
1.5 kA kV,
Rating kV,
heavy- duty
2.5 kA KV, peak
kV,peak
peak
r.m.s
and 5kA, Series
1
2
3
4
5
0.175
2.2
2.2
0.28
2.5
2.5
0.5
3
3
0.66
5
5
3
13
18
13
4.5
17.5
24
17.5
6
22.6
31
22.5
7.5
27
39
27
9
32.5
46
32.5
10.5
38
38
12
43
54
43
15
54
64
54
18
65
73
65
21
76
83
76
24
87
91
87
27
97
99
97
30
108
107
108
33
119 ***
119
36
130 ***
130
39
141 ***
42
151
51
184
54
195
60
216
75
270
84
302
96
324
102
343
108
363
120
400
126
420
138
460
150
500
174
570
186
610
196
649
3.28U
****
to 225
R

3.26UR ****
to 396
Above 396
***
* For guidance, since standard ratings above 198 kV have noot been established
** 5kA, series A, arresters are based on practice in all countries, 5kA, seriesB, arresters are based on practice in Canada, U.S.A

*** No Values have yet been agreed upon


**** UR = rated voltage of arresters

ased on practice in Canada, U.S.A., and other countries.

STANDARD INSULATIONS LEVELS FOR 1kV<Um<52kV SERIES I (BASED ON CURRENT PRACTICE IN MOST EUROPEAN AND SEVE
Rated lightning impulse Rated power-frquency short
Highest Voltage for
withstand voltage (peak) duration withstand voltage
equipment Um
(r.m.s)
List1
List2
(r.m.s) kV
kV
kV
kV
3.6
20
40
10
7.2
40
60
20
12
60
75
28
17.5
75
95
28
24
95
125
50
36
145
170
70

ICE IN MOST EUROPEAN AND SEVERAL OTHER COUNTRIES)

STANDARD INSULATION LEVELS FOR 1kV<Um<52kV SERIES II (BASED ON CURRENT PRACTICE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMER
Rated power
rated lightning impulse withstand
frequency short
voltage (peak)
Highest voltage for 500kVA and
duration withstand
Above 500kVA
equipment Um below
voltage (r.m.s)
kV
kV
kV
(r.m.s) kV
4.4
60
75
19
13.2
13.97
95
110
34
14.52
26.4
150
50
36.5
20019
70

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, CANADA AND SOME OTHER COUNTRIES)