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STANDARD

PERUSAHAAN UMUM MSTRIK NEGARA

SPLN 107: 1993


Lampiran Keputusan Direksi PLN No.: 018.K/0594/DIR/1993, tanggal 1 Februari 1993

COLOR STANDARD FOR PIPE AND STORAGE TANK IN THE POWER PLANT

DEPARTEMEN PERTAMBANGAN DANENERGI

PERUSAHAAN UMUM LISTRIK NEGARA


JALAN TRUNOJOYO 135 KEBAYORAN BARU - JAKARTA 12160

SPLN 107: 1993


WARNA PIPA DAN TANGKI PUSAT LISTRIK
Disusun oleh : 1. Kelompok Pembakuan Bidang Pembangkitan dengan Surat Kcputusan Direksi Pcrusahaan Umum Listrik Negara No. : 079/DIR/1988 tang-gal 21 September 1988;

2. Kelompok Kerja Warna Pipa dan Tangki Pusat Listrik dengan Surat Keputusan Kepala Pusat Pcnyelidikan Masalah Kelistrikan No.: 55.K/493/ PPMK/90 tanggal 19 Desember 1990;

Diterbitkan oleh : DEPARTEMEN PERTAMBANGAN DAN ENERGI PERUSAHAAN UMUM LISTRIK NEGARA Jin. Trunojoyo No. 135-Kebayoran Baru JAKARTA 12160 1993

SPLN 107:1993

Susunan Anggota Kelompok Pembakuan Bidang Pembangkitan Berdasnrkan Surat Keputusan Direksi Perusahaan Umum Listrik Negara No .: 0791D1RJ1988 tanggal 21 September 1988 1. Kepala Dinas Pembakuan, Pusat Penyelidikan Masalah Kelistrikan 2. (ex-officio) () 3. Ir. Sudadijo 4. Ir. Hoedojo 5. Ir. M. Agus Djumhana 6. Ir. Samhir Sasmitaatmadja 7. Ir. Ardi Yogi 8. Ir. SedaPurba 9. Ir. J. Soekarto lO.Istigno, MSc. 11.Ir, Soenarjo Sastrosewojo 12. Ir. Bambang Irawadi 13. Ir. Husni Samsi Tamin 14. Ir. M. Ilyas 15. Ir. Margo Santoso 16. Ir. Djoko Harsoyo Sebagai Ketua merangkap Anggota Tetap Sebagai Ketua Ilarian merangkap Anggota Tetap Sebagai Sekrelaris merangkap Anggota Tetap Sebagai Wakil Sekretaris merangkap Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap Sebagai Anggota Tetap

(*) Masgunarto Budiman, MSc.

SPLN 107:1993

Susiman Anggota Kelompok Kerja Warn a Pipa dan Tangki Pusat Listrik Surat Keputusan Kepala Pusat Penyelidikan Masalah Kelistrikan No.: 55.K/493/PPMK/1990 tanggall9 Dcseniber 1990

1. Ir. Bondantoyo 2. lr. Dasrain Pinem 3. Ir. Sintong Hutapca 4. Ir. Iloedojo 5. lr. Dria Sukmana 6. Ir. Tony Syarief 7. Ir. Akim Suhendi 8. Ir. Kirmadi 9. Ir. Kartawan Muchtar 10. Ir. Zainudin Sayuti 11. Ir. Rachmat Harijanto 12. Setyono, BE. 13. Ir. Tasripin Adiwijaya 14. Ir. Dio Talarima 15. Ir. Djarali Hutapea

Sebagai Ketua merangkap Anggota Sebagai Sekretaris merangkap Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota Sebagai Anggota

SPLN 107:1993

TABLE OF CONTENT

Page

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Boundary of Scope O b j e c t i v e and P u r p o s e Definition General Condition Background Principle of Identification Color Color Code Identification Code Application Method

ATTACHMENT ^ Sample of Color Identification Application for water pipe and water storage tank with basic color identification only Sample of Basic Color Identification Application and color code. Sample of Color Application and Identification Code. Sample of Color Identification Application 9 10

B C D

SPLN 107:1993

COLOR STANDAR FOR PIPING AND STORAGE TANK IN THE POWER PLANT
Boundary of Scope The Color Standard is intended for the application of color for the identification of the substance contained in the pipe and in the storage tank and to be used in the Power Plant of PLN property only.

Color Objective and Purpose The Color Standard is prepared for objective and purpose of providing uniform guidelines in the application of color for identification of fluid contained in the pipe and the fluid contained in the storage tank which will be used in the design, construction and operation of the PLN's Power Plant.

Definition The definition applies to this color standard are as the following:

3.1 3.2 3.3

Pipe is a long tube where fluid flows or where cables are laid, including gutter. Storage Tank is a container that is used to storage the fluid. Fluid is a substance that consists of particles which move freely among them and can be flown through the pipe.

3.4

Color Identification is a color on pipe or on storage tank that shows / symbolizes the pipe content or storage lank content.

3.5

Basic identification color is an identification color that shows generally the kind of material that is contained in the pipe or contained in the storage tank, such as steam, water, oil, etc. Color Code is the color that shows function, condition, or specific usage of a specific fluid that is contained in the pipe or contained storage tank.

3.6

3.7

Identification code is a sign or written identification or non color code that shows the condition of fluid in the pipe or storage tank.

3.8

Decoration code is a code on the pipe or tank which is not identification color or code.

4 4.1

General Rules The color application is based on the kind, condition and the use of pipe content or storage tank content and depends on the dimension of pipe or storage tank.

4.2

Identifying the content of the pipe or the content of the storage tank can be conducted in three ways, as follows:

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SPLN 107:1993
a. Basic identification color only. b. Basic identification color and color code. c. a or b with identification code. 4.3 Identification color can be painted along the pipe or on the whole pipe or the whole storage tank or on particular places. The paint application of basic identification color on the whole of pipe surface or on the whole storage tank surface is mainly applied on the pipe or storage tank located inside of the building. On the parts that are not painted with identification color, those parts are allowed to be painted with decorative color. Decorative colors are not allowed to be the same colors as identification colors. Coloring of identification color on the pipe must be applied on branch " T " or " Y" , on the both sides of the valve, on the pump and other equipment, on the both sides of the wall or partition where the pipe goes through that wall, and on places where they are considered necessary. The example is shown on attachment D. 4.6 The valve in the fire fighting pipe must be painted with red color.

4.4

4.5

5.

Basic Identification color Basic identification colors which are used to show the kinds of fluid contained in the pipe and fluid contained in the storage tank must be as close as the colors based on Table 1

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SPLN 107:1993
Table 1 Basic Identification Color

Content of the pipe or tank

Name of bask identification

Color

Water Steam
Air

Green White Light blue Dark yellow Brown Purple Black Red Orange Light yellow

Gas (except air) and liquid gas


Oil

Acid, base and other chemical substance *) Other liquid **) Electric cable Coal powder and fly ash

*) Name and the color sample is according with SPLN 104: 1993 **) The groups which are included in acids, bases and other chemical substance are materials which be used because of their chemical properties. ***) The groups which are included in the liquid but not included in the oil, water, liquid gases, acids, bases and other chemical substances, are liquid materials which be used because of their physical properties.

S P L N 107:1993 Table 1 Basic Identification Color

Content of the pipe or tank

Name of bask identification

Color

Water Steam
Air

Green White Light blue Dark yellow Brown Purple Black Red Orange Light yellow

Gas (except air) and liquid gas


Oil

Acid, base and other chemical substance *) Other liquid **) Electric cable Coal powder and fly ash

*) Name and the color sample is according with SPLN 104: 1993 **) The groups which are included in acids, bases and other chemical substance are materials which be used because of their chemical properties. ***) The groups which are included in the liquid but not included in the oil, water, liquid gases, acids, bases and other chemical substances, are liquid materials which be used because of their physical properties.

SPLN 107:1993

Color code Color code which are used to show condition and or the function of the content of the pipe or tank, must be as close as the color in Table H. Table II color code The content of the pipe or the tank and their functions Drinking Service Coolant Boiler filler Water Condensate Cooled, coolant of refresh air Fire extinguisher Service Control and measurement
Air Red

Name of the color code Dark blue Grey White Dark red - white- dark red Dark red - dark green- dark red dark red White-dark green- white

Color

Grey Yellow

tools Vacuum Ventilation Combustion Power Heater White Red Orange Brown Pink White - dark red - white
Red

Steam

Fire extinguisher Cleaner

White

SPLN 107:1993
TableH. Code color The content of pipe or tank and their functions Natural Gas Artificial Exhaust H.S.D I.D.O M.F.O

Code color name Light yellow Grey Black White-grey-white White-black-white Dark brown -grey -dark brown

Color

Oil

Residual

Dark brown - black - dark brown

Lubricant Hydraulic power Transform ator Dangerous ( be careful) Others Fire extinguisher ( except water) Drainage

Dark green Pink Dark red Yellow with black stripe

Red
Black

JT7TT77T

mmmmmm

Identification Code Besides the color, sometimes it is necessary to add sign or another remark on the pipe or the storage tank to give additional information about the content of the pipe or the content of the storage tank, such as: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. To write complete name, for example: condensate water To write initial name, for example: cond water To write symbol of chemical substance (chemical formula), for example : H2O Pressure Temperature Symbol / danger sign Direction of the flow with an arrow etc

8. 8.1

Application Method Basic identification color only There are 3 (three) ways for basic identification color application which can be used on the pipe or on the storage tank, as follows:

(a) Painted along the pipe or on the whole of the pipe surface or on the whole of the storage tank surface. (b) Painted on the pipe or on the storage tank as a ribbon around the pipe or storage tank. The ribbon

S P L N 107:1993 width depends on the dimension of the pipe or the tank. (c) Basic identification color ribbon is applied. This kind of ribbon usually has glue or clip so that it is easy to be attached. The width of the ribbon depends on the dimension of pipe or the storage tank. The example of the use of each of (a), (b) and (c) is shown in attachment A.

8.2

Basic identification color and color code (a) If basic identification color is painted along the pipe or on the whole surface of the storage tank, code color is painted or applied on the places which are mentioned in item 4.5 (b) If basic identification color is colored ribbon, code color is painted or applied in the middle of basic identification color, as example is shown in attachment B. Especially for danger-sign color code, it is painted or applied on or beside basic identification color.

8.3

Identification color and identification code

(a) Placement of identification code is as follows:

(1) If basic identification color is painted along the whole pipe surface or on the whole storage tank surface, identification code is applied on basic identification color.

(2) If basic identification color and color code is colored ribbon, identification code can be applied on or beside basic identification color.

The example is shown on attachment C

(b) Identification code in the form of name, number or chemical symbols must be in white or black color so that they are contrast enough with basic identification color or decoration color on the tank or pipe surface.

(c) Besides direct application on pipe or tank, identification code can be stated on the plate or cards which are placed near identification color.

The example is shown on attachment C,e Plate or card must be added with yellow or red color if it is necessary to show danger-sign or the use for fire extinguisher.

8.4

The dimension of color ribbon width (a) Width of the color ribbon on the pipe is stated as: L = (100+ 0,1 D)mm

S P L N 107:1993 Where : L = The width of basic identification color D = Pipe diameter (ram) L -= 0,075 H mm Where : L The width of basic identification color H = Height of the tank. The axis of color ribbon is 0,6 H measured from the base of the tank. (c) If color ribbon consists of basic identification color and color code, this rule must be applied: L= % L tot and L I Where Ltot I = 2/3 L = The width of code color ribbon (mm) = The width of basic identification color (mm) On each side of code color. Look at attachment B, a = The total width of color ribbon (mm) which is the width of code color ribbon added with the basic identification color ribbon.

(b) Width of color ribbon on tank is stated as:

(d) If color code consists of three parts, the width of each part is made equal.

ATTACHMENT A EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION OF WATER STORAGE TANK AND WATER PIPE IDENTIFICATION COLOR WITH BASIC IDENTIFICATION COLOR ONLY

a.

Along the pipe surface or the whole storage tank surface is painted

b.

Painted as color ribbon

c.

Color ribbon is applied

colored ilbco

SPLN 107:1993

ATTACHMENT B EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION OF BASIC IDENTIFICATION COLOR AND CODE COLOR a. Identification color on drinking pipe

asic Identification Color

Color Code X -7ft \

b. Identification color on condensate pipe


Basic Identification colo

1 - ?,3 L

c. Identification color on lubricant tank

Decoration Color Code Color

Decoration Color

ATTACHMENT C EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION OF COLOR AND IDENTIFICATON CODE

a.

Identification code is stated in identification color on steam pipe


1
Identification Color

540 C

169 BAR

B--

b.

Identification color, radiation danger-sign on the pipe that distributes gas with ionization radiation is given radiation danger sign
Radiation Danger Sign

0'

UJ

\
Identification Color

c.

Identification color and flow direction

Identification Color

d.

Identification color, chemical symbol and danger sign

H2

E3-Danger-sign /

Chemical Symbol

Basic Identification Color

e.

Identification color, plate and card on air pipe

,
Identification Color

I
9 BAR

)
Card/plate

Identificaticn Code

ATTACHMENT C EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION OF COLOR AND IDENTIFICATON CODE

a.

Identification code is stated in identification color on steam pipe


1
Identification Color

540 C

169 BAR

B--

b.

Identification color, radiation danger-sign on the pipe that distributes gas with ionization radiation is given radiation danger sign
Radiation Danger Sign

0'

UJ

\
Identification Color

c.

Identification color and flow direction

Identification Color

d.

Identification color, chemical symbol and danger sign

H2

E3-Danger-sign /

Chemical Symbol

Basic Identification Color

e.

Identification color, plate and card on air pipe

,
Identification Color

I
9 BAR

)
Card/plate

Identificaticn Code

SPLN 107:1993 ATTACHMENT D

EXAMPLE OF IDENTIFICATION COLOR PLACEMENT

a.

Indication of identification color on branches

b. Indication of identification color on both side of the wall, equipment, valves, etc

-I
Equipment

Valve

c.

Valve is painted with red color for fire fighting use

Fire -/- Fighting Steam

SPLN 107:1993 ATTACHMENT D

EXAMPLE OF IDENTIFICATION COLOR PLACEMENT

a.

Indication of identification color on branches

b. Indication of identification color on both side of the wall, equipment, valves, etc

-I
Equipment

Valve

c.

Valve is painted with red color for fire fighting use

Fire -/- Fighting Steam