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Automatic intravenous (IV) therapy pump controller and monitoring system

Sabtu, 10 November 2012

E-melkan IniBlogThis!Kongsi ke TwitterKongsi ke Facebook Micro-controller Based Intravenous Drip Rate Meter

Drip rate meter is developed using minimal number of circuit components using technique of microcontroller based embedded system. The sensor assembly clipped around the drip chamber senses the fluid drop in it. On one side of cylindrical drip chamber, sensor assembly has IR LED source giving a light beam across to a photodiode on the other hand. The beam is broken each time a drop falls, which result in change in sensor output. Sensor output act as trigger input to 555 timers which operates in monostable or one shot mode which give pulse output for each drop falling in drip chamber. Counter counts number of clocks between successive pulses as a measure of drip interval. Drip rate calculator averages the period count for certain number of periods and converts it into drip rate which is displayed digitally. Compared to visual counting, drip rate meter gives much more accurate measurement and its response time can be set to just a few drops. Due to this reason it is very convenient for monitoring drip rate during its setting.

Figure 3 : Block diagram of Micro-controller Based Intravenous

Figure 4: Practical set up of design system Intravenous Drip Feed Monitor

The intravenous monitor that present is affixed to the post of an IV satnd with the thumbscrew of the bracket. The photocell reader sensor is positioned over the chamber so that the drops fall through between the LED and the transistors. With the power switch off, the unit is plugged into three wire wall receptacle through power lead. The horizontal rod is adjusted to position the drip tube in vertical position, and is secured by set screw. Plug secures the drip tube in channel of the rod and the horizontal rod is adjust for substantially vertical orientation of the drip chamber. The sensor is positined about the drip chamber. The upper and lower limit selectors and, respectively, are set with the thumb wheel switches for acceptable drops per minute drip rates, taking into account that IV rates vary due to movement of the patient, the contantly depleting fluid level in the container, resiliency of the IV tubing, and other factors. Local and remotes alarms are set by switches and, respectively, but the alarms can be defeated by turning off the switches. Local alarm sounds at the bedside monitor and remote alarm can connect to an alarm at nursing station. If the minimum lower or maximum upper drip set limits are exceeded twice in succession, the predetermined local and/or remote alarm signal. If no drop falls for twenty second period, the alarms signal warning of clotting potential. The unit can also be operated from battery power such as a battery pack.

Figure 5: Perspective view of Intravenous monitor

Figure 6: Intravenous monitor with photocell reader

Dicatat oleh khairul di 6:12 PTG