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IQRA UNIVERSITY

IU

ASSIGNMENT

SUBMITTED BY: SHAHID JAVAID STUDENT I.D : 17181

COURSE : CLASS DAY:

QTA SUNDAY

TIMING : 03:00 PM TO 6:00 PM DATE : 19/12/2013

SUBMITTED TO : Sir ghulam abbas

Motivations of migrant entrepreneurship in Greece: a factor analysis approach

Purpose:
The past decade has shown a remarkable growth in entrepreneurship among immigrants in Greece, while their contribution to Greek society is still clouded by issues of social integration, crime, exclusion, racism and discrimination. The purpose of this paper is to empirically identify the motivations that are responsible for migrant entrepreneurship in the case of Greece.

Hypothesis:
H1. Family survival necessities spurs transient business endeavor H2. Enhancement of economic wellbeing rouses transient enterprise H3. Personality features motivates migrant entrepreneurship

STATISTICAL WORK Conclusion:


In this paper, we utilized overview information and element investigation approach to research the inspirations of outsiders to wind up ambitious people. Taking into account a complete structure, we researched the centrality of four sets of determinant elements of Vagrant business endeavor: (1) Family survival requirements; (2) Settler neighborhood ties; (3) Disposition emphasizes or attributes; and (4) Business base and general conditions. Results: Results are consistent with comprehensive framework. We found that intention to become an entrepreneur in Greece depends significantly on all the above four sets of factors, i.e. family survival needs, influence, norms and attitudes among immigrant community, personal traits towards entrepreneurship and infrastructure of the Greek economy. These findings suggest that migrant entrepreneurship could be extended by governmental policies aimed at the provision of financial infrastructure (e.g. seed capital, bank loans, business incubators) tax and employment incentives, entrepreneurial training programs, education etc.

Although results are robust, future work could incorporate larger sample data, greater number of initial motivations and additional countries that have experienced massive inflow of immigrants in the recent years.

Tables:
Valid Men Women Total Valid Founder non Founder Total Frequency 103 16 119 Frequency 109 10 119 % 86.6 13.4 100.0 % 91.6 8.4 100.0 Valid % 86.6 13.4 100.0 Valid % 91.6 8.4 100.0 Cumulative % 86.6 100.0 Cumulative % 91.6 100.0

Valid First Second Total

Frequency 112 7 119

% 94.1 5.9 100.0

Valid % 94.1 5.9 100.0

Cumulative % 94.1 100.0

Valid 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 55 Total

Frequency 7 19 44 32 17 119

% 5.9 16.0 37.0 26.9 14.3 100.0

Valid % 5.9 16.0 37.0 26.9 14.3 100.0

Cumulative % 5.9 21.8 58.8 85.7 100.0

Valid Albania Bulgaria Egypt Ex-USSR India Nigeria Poland Romania Total Valid Manufacturing Services Trade Total

Frequency 43 15 9 16 9 4 12 11 119 Frequency 11 44 64 119

% 36.1 12.6 7.6 13.4 7.6 3.4 10.1 9.2 100.0 % 9.2 37.0 53.8 100.0

Valid % 36.1 12.6 7.6 13.4 7.6 3.4 10.1 9.2 100.0 Valid % 9.2 37.0 53.8 100.0

Cumulative % 36.1 48.7 56.3 69.7 77.3 80.7 90.8 100.0

Cumulative % 9.2 46.2 100.0

Errors:
No analyst might as well ever select a specific technique for element investigation to apply to information on a subjective groundwork or as a matter of accommodation. Interviewee not given the suitable replies. other strategies for component investigation ma