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ROTAFLAM

PRESENTATION

PILLARD ROTAFLAM Burner Adjustment ( 1989 2002 )

Hints for flame adjustment for ROTAFLAM burners


with burner tip design up to end of 2002 ( The new burner tip design > 2003 requires different type of adjustment, for more information please contact PILLARD FEUERUNGEN GmbH directly www.pillard.de ) 8 9 % of total combustion air 8 9 % of total combustion air 10 13 % of total combustion air

Primary air quantity: (PILLARD design)

Gaseous fuels Liquid fuels Pulverized fuels

Total combustion air = min combustion air for max (designed) burner capacity + 10% air excess

- All primary air dampers at the burner should be 100% open, incl. fan-inlet and outlet. - The normal position of all burner cross-sections is the 0 position. - To influence the flame shape they should only be retracted from the 0 position to minus. - Adjustment > 0 is not recommendable and may have negative influence on the flame because part of the impulse is lost. - The flame stabilizer (central air tube) should always be retracted to position 10 / - 15 mm for protection against damage by heat radiation of the flame. The quantity of central air is only about 0,5 % of the primary air. The influence on the flame shape is not very big but the central air is useful for the stabilization of the flame near the burner outlet.
PILLARD FEUERUNGEN GmbH - Aarstrae 168, 65232 Taunusstein - Tel.: 061282420 - Fax: 06128242112 - Mail: info@pillard.de - Web: www.pillard.de

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Normal flame:
*All burner tip cross-sections (except of central: -10 / -15 mm) in 0 position. *Differential pressure (primary secondary pressure) at the oil nozzle 1,0 to 2,0 bar.

Long, slim flame:


*Reduce swirl air: Retract the swirl tube over the position of the max pressure in the burner cross-section to decrease the volume of swirl air. *Increase axial air: Move axial tube closer to 0-position if it is retracted. *Oil operation: Differential pressure (primary secondary pressure) 0 to 1,0 bar. The bigger influence of the secondary (axial) oil flow makes the flame longer and more slim. *Coal operation: With less fineness of the coal dust the flame becomes longer. The adjustment of the coal tube has not a big influence on the flame shape. It may be retracted for stabilization of the flame and to improve pulsation (high frequent) in the transport system. *Gas operation: Move the gas tube forward (if retracted) to decrease the velocity at the outlet of the gas.

PILLARD FEUERUNGEN GmbH - Aarstrae 168, 65232 Taunusstein - Tel.: 061282420 - Fax: 06128242112 - Mail: info@pillard.de - Web: www.pillard.de

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Short, wide flame:


* Reduce axial air: Retract the axial tube to decrease the volume of axial air. *Increase swirl air: Find the position of the swirl tube with the maximum pressure at the burner cross-section without change of the quantity (0 / -7 mm). This is the position with the highest swirl impulse. Retraction from this position decreases the swirl air quantity. Forward movement decreases the pressure and the swirl impulse. *Oil operation: Differential pressure (primary secondary pressure) 2,5 to 4,0 bar. The bigger influence of the primary (swirl) oil flow makes the flame shorter and wider. *Coal operation: With more fineness of the coal dust the flame becomes shorter. The adjustment of the coal tube has not a big influence on the flame shape. It may be retracted for stabilization of the flame and to improve pulsation (high frequent) in the transport system. *Gas operation: Retract the gas tube to increase the velocity at the outlet of the gas.

Soft flame:
*Reduce axial air and reduce swirl air

PILLARD FEUERUNGEN GmbH - Aarstrae 168, 65232 Taunusstein - Tel.: 061282420 - Fax: 06128242112 - Mail: info@pillard.de - Web: www.pillard.de

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ROTAFLAM burner in operation with coal


The actual design of the ROTAFLAM burner tip usually take advantage of a higher axial impulse for a stabile and strong combustion. The heat radiation of the coal flame is much higher than the radiation of the oil flame. In case of high shell temperature at the kiln outlet, the burner tip should be located more inside of the kiln. When the burner tip is located away from the kiln outlet, the secondary air may have bad influence on the flame (diversion to the top of the kiln). The under pressure at the kiln hood should be 0 to 3 mm WG. More under pressure may create pulsation of the flame and will increase the kiln inlet temperature. Close the cooling air flap for the coal tube at the burner after starting the transport air fan for the coal feed. Open the cooling air flap to position 3 4 immediately after stopping the transport air fan for the coal feed (better before). Without cooling air the burner tip may be destroyed by the strong heat radiation of the kiln. Never leave the burner unprotected (without running primary air fans) in the hot kiln. Start purging of the oil gun immediately after stopping the heavy oil operation and retract it to a save position (>30 cm). The jacket tube of the oil gun should be supplied with cooling air.

All changes of operation conditions and burner adjustments should be done one by one, in small steps, with an observation time of minimum 24 hours after each adjustment, to be able to see the reaction of the process! Never change two or more conditions at the same time! Adjustment of the burner tip is only recommendable in stable kiln operation!
PILLARD FEUERUNGEN GmbH - Aarstrae 168, 65232 Taunusstein - Tel.: 061282420 - Fax: 06128242112 - Mail: info@pillard.de - Web: www.pillard.de

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