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SUMMARY ASPEK TERMAL RUMAH TRADISIONAL TAMBI


THERMAL ASPECT OF TRADITIONAL TAMBI HOUSE Created by FITRIATY, PUTERI Subject Subject Alt Keyword : : Arsitektur Tambi : Architecture, Tambi : Aspek termal; Iklim dataran tinggi katulistiwa; Rumah Tambi; Rumah tradisional.

Description :
Rumah menampilkan masalah khusus bagi desain terkait hubungannya dengan iklim dengan berbagai macam penggunaan ruang selama periode 24 jam. Telah menjadi pandangan yang umum diterima di negara-negara tropis termasuk Indonesia, bahwa rumah tradisional lebih mampu dalam mengatasi iklim setempat dan dapat menyediakan lingkungan interior yang nyaman bagi penghuninya. Rumah Tambi merupakan salah satu rumah tradisional yang terdapat di Propinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia dan berada pada iklim dataran tinggi katulistiwa. Rumah Tambi diyakini responsif terhadap iklim setempat, dan dapat menyediakan lingkungan interior yang nyaman bagi penghuninya, namun belum terdapat bukti empiris mengenai kondisi iklim interior dari Rumah Tambi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menyelidiki aspek termal Rumah Tambi serta menganalisa efektifitas responnya terhadap iklim dataran tinggi tropis. Penelitian dilakukan melalui studi lapangan dan studi simulasi. Studi lapangan dilakukan terhadap beberapa varian Rumah Tambi yang berada di Kecamatan Lore Tengah. Kondisi iklim di dalam dan dan di luar bangunan direkam pada setiap bangunan. Wawancara terpandu juga dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui respon penduduk di lokasi penelitian terhadap lingkungan termalnya. Studi simulasi dilakukan terhadap varian Rumah Tambi pada bulan terdingin dan terpanas menggunakan perangkat lunak ArchiPak versi 5.1. Hasil studi lapangan dan studi simulasi menunjukkan bahwa Rumah Tambi belum mampu memberikan kondisi ruang interior yang senantiasa nyaman bagi penghuninya dalam periode 24 jam. Kondisi interior cenderung mengalami underheating dalam periode yang cukup lama. Ketidaknyamanan termal di dalam bangunan dikarenakan oleh keterbatasan elemen-elemen desain Rumah Tambi dalam memodifikasi iklim luar yang tergolong dingin. Hasil studi lapangan dan studi simulasi juga menunjukkan bahwa kondisi termal di dalam bangunan lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kondisi termal di luar bangunan. Melalui investigasi survey kenyamanan termal juga dapat diketahui bahwa penghuni Rumah Tambi beradaptasi secara aktif untuk mencapai kenyamanan termal melalui nilai insulasi pakaian.

Description Alt:
House presents special problems for design in relation to climate as the house accommodates variety of uses over 24-hour period. It is a worldwide view including the tropical countries that traditional houses are more conscious to the prevailing climate and can provide comfortable internal space. One of traditional house in upland Central Celebes Indonesia called Tambi, is believed to be responsive to the tropical upland climate and thermally comfortable. But yet there still no empirical evidence to approve that Tambi house is truly thermally comfortable and climatically responsive. This study aims to investigate thermal aspect of Tambi house and to analyze the effectiveness of its respond to the tropical upland climate. Field studies method and simulation studies method have been employed to achieve the aims of this study. Field studies have been used to measure external and internal climatic conditions on typical traditional Tambi houses and to investigate thermal comfort of the people around Tambi houses. Simulation studies have been used to predict thermal condition of Tambi House on coolest and hottest month of the year using ArchiPak software version 5.1. The field and simulation studies showed that typical traditional Tambi houses cannot always provide comfortable internal space on 24-hours period. Underheating condition was experiencing in the house for most of the night time which means that Tambi respond to the prevailing climate was not very effective. It was a limitation on its building elements in modifying the external climate which causing thermal discomfort in the house. It was also confirmed from the field and simulation studies that the internal temperatures were more satisfactory than the external temperatures.

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With the investigation of thermal comfort survey, another result has been found that the people around Tambi houses are actively adapted through their clothing value to reach thermal comfort.

Contributor Date Create Type Format Language Identifier Collection Call Number Source COverage Right

: Ir. I Gusti Ngurah Antaryama, Ph.D : 10/01/2012 : Text : pdf : Indonesian : ITS-Master-3100012046401 : 3100012046401 : RTA 720.959 8 Fit a : Master Thesis of Architecture, RTA 720.959 8 Fit a, 2012 : ITS Community : Copyright @2012 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library

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