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# Diffraction of wave

1 2 When a wave travels through a narrow gap or meets an obstacle, it is __________. The effect is most obvious when the _________ of the gap or obstacle is similar to or smaller than the ____________________ of the wave. Diffraction is the bending of a wave as it moves through a small opening or around an obstacle. 4.1 1 2 Characteristic of the Diffracted wave

The wavelength of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The frequency of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The speed of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction.

! .

## The direction of propagation of the diffracted waves _____________________ incident waves.

4.2 Pattern of diffracted wave Diffraction of waves by an opening The narrower the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction, the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction.

The wider the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction.

## Diffraction of waves by an obstacle

The wider the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction

The smaller the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction

1 "tate the relationship between #a\$ The width of the slit and the diffraction pattern, #b\$ wavelength and the diffraction pattern, #c\$ The width of the slit and amplitude of the diffracted wave. 1. Which of the diagrams below shows the pattern of water waves which passes through a small gap correctly %

2.

## Which diffraction pattern appears on the screen%

' 1

Interferens of wave
5.1 Principle of Superposition When two wave propagates and passing through a single point at the same time, the total displacement at this point is equal to the sum of displacement from each individual wave.

+ + +

= =
a

a a

(nterference is the ______________ similar waves from two different sources. The amplitude of the resultant wave is equal to the sum of the amplitudes of the individual waves. )oherent source * "ource with same ______________ and same _________________.. 5.2 Pattern of interference wave , / -

"1 Indicator

"2

## )rest Trough 1a&imum crest #crest meets crest\$ 1a&imum trough#trough

#a\$

meets trough\$

/ero displacement #crest meets trough\$ #b\$ +t point ,, crest of both waves meet, form ma&imum crest with amplitude 2a. _____________________Interferens 2odal line #Destructive occurs. interference\$ +ntinodal line meet, form ma&imum trough with amplitude .2a. #c\$ +t point -, trough of both waves _____________________ Interferens occurs. #)onstructive interferens\$
#d\$ +t point /, crest of wave meets the trough of another wave, form zero displacement. point. _____________________Interferens occurs #e\$ Antinodes are those points where ________________________interferens occurs, while nodal are those points where __________interferens. #f\$ +ntinodes lines are those lines 0oining the ad0acent antinodal point while nodal lines are those lines 0oining the ad0acent nodal point

## "1 and "2 are two coherens source with amplitude a.

! (n an e&periment, the distance between two sources of vibration is 2.3 cm and the distance between the source of vibration and a screen is !3.3 cm. (f the distance between two ad0acent lines of antinodes is 4.3 cm, calculate the wavelength of waves produced by the sources of vibration. ' Describe the difference between constructive and destructive interference. 5 #a\$2ame the line 0oining all the points where constructive interference ta6es place. #b\$"imilarly name the line 0oining all the points where destructive interference ta6es place.

. The diagram shows an interference pattern of two coherent water waves of sources, 7 and 8. Which of the positions +, 9, ) or D, does destructive interference occur%

!. (n :(;<=> 15 the continuous lines represent crests while the dotted lines represent Troughs of water waves produced by two coherent sources of water waves, "1 and "2. +t which point does constructive interference occur %

'.

The diagram shows the wave pattern formed by waves from two coherent sources, , and -,

## Destructive interference occurs at + = only ) 7 and 8 5.

9 D

8 only 7 and =

Diagram shows the interference patterns for water waves from two coherent sources, " 1 and "2.

?.

## What is the wavelength of the water waves % + 3.4 cm ) .2 cm > 23.3 cm

9 D

1.2 cm '.3 cm

4. The interference pattern produced by white light waves is observed through different filters 7, 8 and =. The table shows the interference patterns that are observed through 7, 8 and = respectively.

## # violet green red violet

@. The diagram shows the fringe pattern produced from -oungAs double slit e&periment using the monochromatic red light source.