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Diffraction of wave

1 2 When a wave travels through a narrow gap or meets an obstacle, it is __________. The effect is most obvious when the _________ of the gap or obstacle is similar to or smaller than the ____________________ of the wave. Diffraction is the bending of a wave as it moves through a small opening or around an obstacle. 4.1 1 2 Characteristic of the Diffracted wave

The wavelength of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The frequency of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction. The speed of the incident waves _____________________ diffracted waves during diffraction.

! .

The direction of propagation of the diffracted waves _____________________ incident waves.

4.2 Pattern of diffracted wave Diffraction of waves by an opening The narrower the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction, the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction.

The wider the opening, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction.

Diffraction of waves by an obstacle

The wider the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction

The smaller the obstacle, the ______________ the angle of diffraction. the ______________obvious the pattern of diffraction

1 "tate the relationship between #a$ The width of the slit and the diffraction pattern, #b$ wavelength and the diffraction pattern, #c$ The width of the slit and amplitude of the diffracted wave. 1. Which of the diagrams below shows the pattern of water waves which passes through a small gap correctly %

2.

The diagram shows an arrangement of apparatus for light diffraction e&periment.

Which diffraction pattern appears on the screen%

' 1

Interferens of wave
5.1 Principle of Superposition When two wave propagates and passing through a single point at the same time, the total displacement at this point is equal to the sum of displacement from each individual wave.

+ + +

= =
a

a a

(nterference is the ______________ similar waves from two different sources. The amplitude of the resultant wave is equal to the sum of the amplitudes of the individual waves. )oherent source * "ource with same ______________ and same _________________.. 5.2 Pattern of interference wave , / -

"1 Indicator

"2

)rest Trough 1a&imum crest #crest meets crest$ 1a&imum trough#trough


#a$

meets trough$

/ero displacement #crest meets trough$ #b$ +t point ,, crest of both waves meet, form ma&imum crest with amplitude 2a. _____________________Interferens 2odal line #Destructive occurs. interference$ +ntinodal line meet, form ma&imum trough with amplitude .2a. #c$ +t point -, trough of both waves _____________________ Interferens occurs. #)onstructive interferens$
#d$ +t point /, crest of wave meets the trough of another wave, form zero displacement. point. _____________________Interferens occurs #e$ Antinodes are those points where ________________________interferens occurs, while nodal are those points where __________interferens. #f$ +ntinodes lines are those lines 0oining the ad0acent antinodal point while nodal lines are those lines 0oining the ad0acent nodal point

"1 and "2 are two coherens source with amplitude a.

! (n an e&periment, the distance between two sources of vibration is 2.3 cm and the distance between the source of vibration and a screen is !3.3 cm. (f the distance between two ad0acent lines of antinodes is 4.3 cm, calculate the wavelength of waves produced by the sources of vibration. ' Describe the difference between constructive and destructive interference. 5 #a$2ame the line 0oining all the points where constructive interference ta6es place. #b$"imilarly name the line 0oining all the points where destructive interference ta6es place.

. The diagram shows an interference pattern of two coherent water waves of sources, 7 and 8. Which of the positions +, 9, ) or D, does destructive interference occur%

!. (n :(;<=> 15 the continuous lines represent crests while the dotted lines represent Troughs of water waves produced by two coherent sources of water waves, "1 and "2. +t which point does constructive interference occur %

'.

The diagram shows the wave pattern formed by waves from two coherent sources, , and -,

Destructive interference occurs at + = only ) 7 and 8 5.

9 D

8 only 7 and =

Diagram shows the interference patterns for water waves from two coherent sources, " 1 and "2.

Which of the following shows the superposition of the waves at point -%

?.

The diagram shown represents the phenomenon of interference of water waves.

What is the wavelength of the water waves % + 3.4 cm ) .2 cm > 23.3 cm

9 D

1.2 cm '.3 cm

4. The interference pattern produced by white light waves is observed through different filters 7, 8 and =. The table shows the interference patterns that are observed through 7, 8 and = respectively.

What is the colour of filters 7, 8 and =% ! + green 9 red ) violet D red

" red violet green green

# violet green red violet

@. The diagram shows the fringe pattern produced from -oungAs double slit e&periment using the monochromatic red light source.