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Medical Gross Anatomy Anatomy Tables - Arteries of the Abdomen

Artery anterior cecal anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal Source ileocolic a. inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. Branches occasionally the appendicular a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. cecum lower duodenum and head of the pancreas Supply to Notes anterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade

anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal

inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

lower duodendum and head of the pancreas

anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal

gastroduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

upper duodenum and head of the pancreas

aorta, abdominal

the continuation of the descending thoracic aorta

inferior phrenic aa. (2), celiac trunk, middle suprarenal aa. (2), lumbar aa. (4 pairs), superior mesenteric a., renal aa. (2), testicular/ovarian aa. (2), inferior mesenteric a., median sacral a., common iliac aa. (2) no named branches

abdominal wall abdominal aorta passes posterior to the gastrointestinal tract diaphragm (aortic hiatus) at the level body below the level of of the !"2 vertebral body the respiratory diaphragm vermiform appendi# despite its variable origin, appendicular artery is nearly constant in its course posterior to the terminal part of the ileum artery of the ductus deferens is also known as$ deferential a.

appendicular

posterior cecal, anterior cecal or ileocolic

artery of the ductus deferens

umbilical a. may be a branch of the superior or inferior vesical a. splenic a.

no named branches

ductus deferens, seminal vesical possibly supplies the ureter tail of the pancreas

caudal pancreatic

numerous small aa. that supply the

caudal pancreatic a. enters the tail of

pancreas

the pancreas near the hilum of the spleen it may arise from the left gastro%omental a. anterior surface of the cecum anterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction

cecal, anterior cecal, posterior celiac trunk

ileocolic a. ileocolic a. abdominal aorta at the level of the !"2%&" intervertebral disc e#ternal iliac a.

may give off the appendicular a. may give off the appendicular a. left gastric a., splenic a., common hepatic a.

posterior surface of the posterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal cecum junction stomach, lower celiac trunk supplies the foregut esophagus, liver, upper derivatives duodenum, pancreas, spleen iliacus muscle and the lower abdominal wall superficial fascia of lower abdomen and thigh descending colon deep circumfle# iliac a. courses along the iliac crest on the inner surface of the abdominal wall superficial circumfle# iliac a. crosses the upper thigh parallel to the inguinal ligament left colic a. anastomoses with the middle colic a and the sigmoid a.to form part of the marginal a. middle colic a. anastomoses with the right colic a. and the left colic a. to form part of the marginal a. right colic a. anastomoses with the ileocolic a. and the middle colic a. to form part of the marginal a. common hepatic a. is one of three brs. of the celiac trunk (see also$ left gastric a., splenic a.) abdominal aorta bifurcates at the level of the &4 vertebral body to form the right and left common iliac aa. the common iliac artery bifurcates

circumfle# iliac, deep

unnamed muscular branches

circumfle# iliac, superficial colic, left

femoral a.

unnamed muscular branches

inferior mesenteric a.

ascending br., descending br.

colic, middle

superior mesenteric

right br., left br.

transverse colon

colic, right

superior mesenteric (or br. ascending br., descending br. of) celiac trunk

ascending colon

common hepatic

gastroduodenal a., proper hepatic a. liver, upper part of the duodenum, part of the pancreas, part of the stomach e#ternal iliac a., internal iliac a. pelvis, lower limb

common iliac

abdominal aorta

anterior to the sacroiliac articulation into its terminal brs. (e#ternal iliac a. and internal iliac a.) cremasteric inferior epigastric a. no named branches cremaster m., coverings cremasteric a. is one of the contents of of the spermatic cord the spermatic cord it anastomoses with the testicular artery distally gall bladder cystic a. arises from the right hepatic a. in '(2) of cases other possible origins are noted at left and are clinically relevant during gall bladder surgery right br.of the dorsal pancreatic a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. in the prepancreatic arcade artery of the ductus deferens is also known as$ deferential a.

cystic

right hepatic a. (or no named branches superior mesenteric a., proper hepatic a., left hepatic a., gastroduodenal a.) splenic a. right br., left br.

dorsal pancreatic

neck of the pancreas

ductus deferens, artery umbilical a. may be a of branch of the superior or inferior vesical a. epigastric, inferior e#ternal iliac a.

no named branches

ductus deferens, seminal vesical possibly supplies the ureter

cremasteric a.

lower rectus abdominis inferior epigastric a. anastomoses with m., pyramidalis m., the superior epigastric a. within the lower abdominal wall rectus abdominis m. superficial fascia and skin of the lower abdominal wall superficial epigastric a. is one of three superficial arteries that arise from the femoral a. (see also$ superficial circumfle# iliac a. and superficial e#ternal pudendal a.)

epigastric, superficial

femoral a.

cutaneous brs.

epigastric, superior

internal thoracic a.

no named branches

upper rectus abdominis superior epigastric a. is the direct m., upper abdominal continuation of the internal thoracic a. wall it s anastomoses with the inferior epigastric a. within the rectus abdominis m. lower 2/*rds of the thoracic esophagus there are usually two (sometimes *) esophageal brs. off of the aorta the left gastric a. gives esophageal brs.

esophageal

descending thoracic aorta left gastric a.

no named branches

that ascend to supply the abdominal esophagus and lowest part of the thoracic esophagus anastomoses occur between the esophageal brs. of the aorta and left gastric a. gastric, left celiac a. esophageal brs. superior part of the left gastric a. anastomoses with the stomach near the lesser right gastric a. on the lesser curvature curvature of the stomach it also anastomoses with the esophageal brs. of the thoracic aorta inferior part of the right gastric a. anastomoses with the stomach near the lesser left gastric a. on the lesser curvature of curvature the stomach fundus and upper part short gastric aa. reach the stomach by of the stomach near the passing through the gastrosplenic greater curvature ligament they are usually 4%+ in number mid%part of the stomach near the greater curvature greater omentum lower part of the pyloric region of the stomach, right part of greater curvature of the stomach, greater omentum left gastro%omental a. anastomoses with the right gastro%omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach also known as$ left gastroepiploic a. right gastro%omental a anastomoses with the left gastro%omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach also known as$ right gastroepiploic a.

gastric, right

proper hepatic a.

no named branches

gastric, short

splenic a.

no named branches

gastro%omental, left

splenic a.

gastric brs., omental brs.

gastro%omental, right

gastroduodenal a.

gastric brs., omental brs.

gastroduodenal

common hepatic a.

supraduodenal aa., retroduodenal aa., posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a., anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a., right gastro%omental a. no named branches

upper duodenum, upper gastroduodenal a. supplies the lowest part of the head of the portion of the foregut and its pancreas greater derivatives curvature of the stomach on the right lower spinal cord great anterior radicular a. anastomoses with the anterior spinal a. at lower thoracic or upper lumbar spinal cord levels

great anterior radicular the spinal br. of the lower posterior intercostal a., subcostal a., or upper lumbar a., usually on left

hepatic, common

celiac trunk

gastroduodenal a., proper hepatic a. liver, upper parts of the common hepatic a. supplies some of duodenum, upper part the foregut derivatives of the pancreas, right side of the stomach segmental aa. left lobe of the liver, ,uadrate lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver liver, lesser curvature of the stomach left hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma an aberrant left hepatic a. may arise from the left gastric a. proper hepatic a. supplies the foregut derivatives associated with the liver bud

hepatic, left

proper hepatic a.

hepatic, proper

common hepatic a.

right gastric, right - left hepatic

hepatic, right

proper hepatic a.

cystic a., segmental aa.

right lobe of the liver, right hepatic a. supplies the liver part of the caudate lobe parenchyma and stroma of the liver colic br. of the ileocolic a. participates in the formation of the marginal a. abdominal aorta bifurcates at the level of the &4 vertebral body to form the right and left common iliac aa. the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation into its terminal brs. (e#ternal iliac a. and internal iliac a.) e#ternal iliac a. is continuous with the femoral a., the name change occurs at the inguinal ligament the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the e#ternal iliac a.

ileocolic

superior mesenteric a.

colic br., anterior cecal br., cecum, appendi#, posterior cecal br., appendicular a., terminal portion of the ileal br. ileum e#ternal iliac a., internal iliac a. pelvis, lower limb

iliac, common

abdominal aorta

iliac, e#ternal

common iliac a.

inferior epigastric a., deep circumfle# iliac a., femoral a.

lower limb

iliac, internal

common iliac a.

anterior division gives rise to the $ pelvic viscera, gluteal umbilical a., obturator a., uterine a., region, hip, medial vaginal a., inferior vesical a., thigh middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a. posterior division gives rise to the$ iliolumbar

a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. iliolumbar internal iliac a., posterior division e#ternal iliac a. iliac br., lumbar br. iliacus m., psoas major lumbar br. of the iliolumbar a. sends a m., ,uadratus small spinal br. into the vertebral canal lumborum m. lower rectus abdominis inferior epigastric m. anastomoses m., pyramidalis m., with the superior epigastric m. within lower abdominal wall the rectus abdominis m. splenic fle#ure, branches of the inferior mesenteric a descending colon, anastomose in the marginal artery sigmoid colon, superior part of rectum lower part of the body of the pancreas inferior pancreatic a. may be imbedded in the substance of the gland

inferior epigastric

cremasteric a.

inferior mesenteric

abdominal aorta at the level of the &* vertebral body dorsal pancreatic, left br.

left colic a., sigmoid aa.(2%*), superior rectal a.

inferior pancreatic

no named branches

inferior pancreaticoduodenal

superior mesenteric a.

anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

lower duodenum, head inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. of the pancreas supplies both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lower duodenum and lower part of the head of the pancreas diaphragm, suprarenal gland anus, ischioanal fossa inferior phrenic a. is the first abdominal branch of the aorta it may arise from the celiac trunk inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a. inferior suprarenal a. may anastomose with the superior suprarenal a. posterior intercostal aa. supply the lateral and posterior portions of the intercostal space anterior intercostal aa. supply the anterior portions of the intercostal spaces

inferior phrenic

abdominal aorta

superior suprarenal aa.

inferior rectal

internal pudendal a.

no named branches

inferior suprarenal intercostal, posterior

renal a. highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (*rd%""th intercostal spaces)

numerous unnamed branches

inferior aspect of the suprarenal gland

posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., intercostal muscles, collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles, skin and superficial fascia overlying the

intercostal spaces internal iliac common iliac a. anterior division gives rise to the $ pelvic viscera, gluteal umbilical a., obturator a., uterine a., region, hip, medial vaginal a., inferior vesical a., thigh middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a. posterior division gives rise to the$ iliolumbar a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. arterial arches spinal brs. jejunum, ileum sacrum, sacral nerve rootlets, meninges, adjacent muscles descending colon common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the e#ternal iliac a.

intestinal lateral sacral

superior mesenteric a. internal iliac a., posterior division inferior mesenteric a.

intestinal aa. are "2%"+ in number and are found in the mesentery there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on each side, a superior one and an inferior one left colic a. anastomoses with the middle colic a and the sigmoid a.to form part of the marginal a.

left colic

ascending br., descending br.

left gastric

celiac a.

esophageal brs.

superior part of the left gastric a. anastomoses with the stomach near the lesser right gastric a. on the lesser curvature curvature of the stomach it also anastomoses with the esophageal brs. of the thoracic aorta mid%part of the stomach near the greater curvature greater omentum left lobe of the liver, ,uadrate lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver left gastro%omental a. anastomoses with the right gastro%omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach also known as$ left gastroepiploic a. left hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma an aberrant left hepatic a. may arise from the left gastric a. the 4 lumbar arteries on each side arise from the posterior surface of the aorta at the level of vertebrae &"%&4 they course posterior to the psoas major m.

left gastro%omental

splenic a.

gastric brs., omental brs.

left hepatic

proper hepatic a.

segmental aa.

lumbar

abdominal aorta

anterior br., posterior br., spinal br. psoas major m., psoas minor m., ,uadratus lumborum m., spinal cord and vertebral

column, deep back muscles marginal formed by anastomoses of colic brs. branches of the ileocolic a., right colic a., middle colic a., left colic a., sigmoid a. abdominal aorta +th lumbar aa. colon an important anastomosis for the large intestine

median sacral

sacrum

median sacral a. appears to be the continuation of the abdominal aorta in the median plane, although it is much smaller in si.e

mesenteric, inferior

abdominal aorta at the level of the &* vertebral body abdominal aorta at the level of the lower "/* of the &" vertebral body

left colic a., sigmoid aa.(2%*), superior rectal a.

splenic fle#ure, branches of the inferior mesenteric a descending colon, anastomose in the marginal artery sigmoid colon, superior part of rectum inferior part of the head of the pancreas, distal duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendi#, ascending colon, transverse colon transverse colon superior mesenteric a. supplies the midgut derivatives brs. of the superior mesenteric a. participate in formation of the marginal artery

mesenteric, superior

inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., middle colic a., jejunal a., ileal a., right colic a., ileocolic a.

middle colic

superior mesenteric

right br., left br.

middle colic a. anastomoses with the right colic a. and the left colic a. to form part of the marginal a. middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal a. middle suprarenal a. anastomoses with the superior suprarenal a. and the inferior suprarenal a.

middle rectal

internal iliac, anterior division abdominal aorta

no named branches

middle portion of the rectum medial side of the suprarenal gland

middle suprarenal

numerous unnamed branches

musculophrenic

internal thoracic a.

anterior intercostal aa.

anterior diaphragm, musculophrenic a. supplies muscles anterior aspects of that develop in the septum intercostal spaces (%"/ transversum or ""

pancreatic, caudal

splenic a.

numerous small aa. that supply the pancreas

tail of the pancreas

caudal pancreatic a. enters the tail of the pancreas near the hilum of the spleen it may arise from the left gastro%omental a. right br.of the dorsal pancreatic a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. in the prepancreatic arcade inferior pancreatic a. may be imbedded in the substance of the gland superior pancreatic aa. are multiple small brs. arising from the splenic a. pancreatic magna is the largest pancreatic branch to arise from the splenic a. it enters the pancreas at the junction of its middle "/* and left "/* anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade

pancreatic, dorsal

splenic a.

right br., left br.

neck of the pancreas

pancreatic, inferior

dorsal pancreatic, left br.

no named branches

lower part of the body of the pancreas superior part of the body of the pancreas body of the pancreas

pancreatic, superior pancreatica magna

splenic a. splenic a.

no named branches numerous unnamed brs. within the pancreas

pancreaticoduodenal, anterior inferior

inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

lower duodenum and head of the pancreas

pancreaticoduodenal, anterior superior

gastroduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

upper duodenum and head of the pancreas

pancreaticoduodenal, inferior

superior mesenteric a.

anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

lower duodenum, head inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. of the pancreas supplies both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lower duodenum and lower part of the head of the pancreas lower duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade

pancreaticoduodenal, posterior inferior

inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

pancreaticoduodenal, posterior superior

gastroduodenal a.

pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

upper duodenum and head of the pancreas

posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade inferior phrenic a. is the first abdominal branch of the aorta it may arise from the celiac trunk

phrenic, inferior

abdominal aorta

superior suprarenal aa.

diaphragm, suprarenal gland

posterior cecal posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal

ileocolic a. inferior pancreaticoduodenal a.

may give off the appendicular a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs.

posterior surface of the posterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal cecum junction lower duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade posterior intercostal aa. supply the lateral and posterior portions of the intercostal space anterior intercostal aa. supply the anterior portions of the intercostal spaces

posterior intercostal

highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (*rd%""th intercostal spaces)

posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., intercostal muscles, collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles, skin and superficial fascia overlying the intercostal spaces pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. upper duodenum and head of the pancreas

posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal

gastroduodenal a.

posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade great anterior radicular a. anastomoses with the anterior spinal a. at lower thoracic or upper lumbar spinal cord levels inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a. middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal

radicular, great anterior

the spinal br. of the lower posterior intercostal a., subcostal a., or upper lumbar a., usually on left internal pudendal a.

no named branches

lower spinal cord

rectal, inferior

no named branches

anus, ischioanal fossa

rectal, middle

internal iliac, anterior division

no named branches

middle portion of the rectum

a. rectal, superior inferior mesenteric a. two unnamed branches superior part of the rectum superior rectal a. is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric a. after the sigmoid brs. are given off it anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the inferior rectal a. the right renal a. is longer than the left renal artery the right renal artery passes posterior to the inferior vena cava

renal

abdominal aorta at the level of the upper border of the &2 vertebra

inferior suprarenal a., apical kidney, upper ureter, segmental a., anterior br$ superior suprarenal gland anterior segmental a., middle anterior segmental a., inferior segmental a. posterior br.$ posterior segmental a. multiple unnamed brs.

retroduodenal

gastroduodenal a.

posterior portion of the retroduodenal aa. arise as multiple "st part of the small brs. duodenum ascending colon right colic a. anastomoses with the ileocolic a. and the middle colic a. to form part of the marginal a.

right colic

superior mesenteric (or br. ascending br., descending br. of) proper hepatic a. no named branches

right gastric

inferior part of the right gastric a. anastomoses with the stomach near the lesser left gastric a. on the lesser curvature of curvature the stomach lower part of the pyloric region of the stomach, right part of greater curvature of the stomach, greater omentum right gastro%omental a anastomoses with the left gastro%omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach also known as$ right gastroepiploic a.

right gastro%omental

gastroduodenal a.

gastric brs., omental brs.

right hepatic

proper hepatic a.

cystic a., segmental aa.

right lobe of the liver, right hepatic a. supplies the liver part of the caudate lobe parenchyma and stroma of the liver sacrum, sacral nerve rootlets, meninges, adjacent muscles sacrum there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on each side, a superior one and an inferior one median sacral a. appears to be the

sacral, lateral

internal iliac a., posterior division abdominal aorta

spinal brs.

sacral, median

+th lumbar aa.

continuation of the abdominal aorta in the median plane, although it is much smaller in si.e short gastric splenic a. no named branches fundus and upper part short gastric aa. reach the stomach by of the stomach near the passing through the gastrosplenic greater curvature ligament they are usually 4%+ in number sigmoid colon sigmoid aa. are 2%* in number they anastomose with the left colic a. to help form the marginal a. splenic a. courses through the substance of the pancreas near its superior border splenic artery is very tortuous subcostal a. is e,uivalent to a posterior intercostal a., but is named subcostal because it courses inferior to the "2th rib superficial epigastric a. is one of three superficial arteries that arise from the femoral a. (see also$ superficial circumfle# iliac a. and superficial e#ternal pudendal a.) superior mesenteric a. supplies the midgut derivatives brs. of the superior mesenteric a. participate in formation of the marginal artery

sigmoid

inferior mesenteric a.

ascending br., descending br.

splenic

celiac trunk

dorsal pancreatic a., pancreatic brs., pancreas, spleen, pancreatica magna a., caudal greater curvature of the pancreatic a., short gastric aa., left stomach gastro%omental a., splenic brs. spinal br., collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. vertebrae, spinal cord muscles, skin - fascia of the upper abdominal wall superficial fascia and skin of the lower abdominal wall

subcostal

descending thoracic aorta

superficial epigastric

femoral a.

cutaneous brs.

superior mesenteric

abdominal aorta at the level of the lower "/* of the &" vertebral body

inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., middle colic a., jejunal a., ileal a., right colic a., ileocolic a.

inferior part of the head of the pancreas, distal duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendi#, ascending colon, transverse colon superior part of the body of the pancreas superior part of the rectum

superior pancreatic superior rectal

splenic a. inferior mesenteric a.

no named branches two unnamed branches

superior pancreatic aa. are multiple small brs. arising from the splenic a. superior rectal a. is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric a. after the sigmoid brs. are given off it anastomoses with the middle rectal a.

and the inferior rectal a. superior suprarenal inferior phrenic a. multiple small aa. superior aspect of the suprarenal gland superior portion of the "st part of the duodenum inferior aspect of the suprarenal gland medial side of the suprarenal gland superior aspect of the suprarenal gland superior suprarenal aa. are numerous small vessels that enter the suprarenal gland independently supraduodenal a. supplies branches to both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the duodenum inferior suprarenal a. may anastomose with the superior suprarenal a. middle suprarenal a. anastomoses with the superior suprarenal a. and the inferior suprarenal a. superior suprarenal aa. are numerous small vessels that enter the suprarenal gland independently

supraduodenal

gastroduodenal a.

no named branches

suprarenal, inferior suprarenal, middle

renal a. abdominal aorta

numerous unnamed branches numerous unnamed branches

suprarenal, superior

inferior phrenic a.

multiple small aa.

trunk, celiac

abdominal aorta at the level of the !"2%&" intervertebral disc internal iliac a., anterior division

left gastric a., splenic a., common hepatic a.

stomach, lower celiac trunk supplies the foregut esophagus, liver, upper derivatives duodenum, pancreas, spleen distal to the branches described at left, the lumen of the umbilical a. becomes obliterated after birth and the remnant of the vessel becomes the medial umbilical ligament superior vesical aa.arise from the umbilical a. pro#imal to where its lumen becomes obliterated

umbilical

superior vesical aa., a. of the ductus superior part of the deferens bladder ductus deferens

vesical, superior

umbilical a.

no named branches

superior aspect of the bladder

Medical Gross Anatomy Anatomy Tables - Arteries of the Pelvis and Perineum

Artery aorta, abdominal

Source the continuation of the descending thoracic aorta

Branches inferior phrenic aa. (2), celiac trunk, middle suprarenal aa. (2), lumbar aa. (4 pairs), superior mesenteric a., renal aa. (2), testicular/ovarian aa. (2), inferior mesenteric a., median sacral a., common iliac aa. (2)

Supply to abdominal wall gastrointestinal tract body below the level of the respiratory diaphragm bulb of the penis and associated tissues bulb of the vestibule and associated tissues corpus cavernosum of the clitoris superficial structures of the clitoris cremaster m., coverings of the spermatic cord origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m. scrotum/labium majus corpus cavernosum of the clitoris corpus cavernosum of the penis superficial tissues of the clitoris

Notes abdominal aorta passes posterior to the diaphragm (aortic hiatus) at the level of the !"2 vertebral body

of bulb of penis of bulb of vestibule clitoris, deep a. of

internal pudendal a. no named branches

artery of the bulb of the penis courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb artery of the bulb of the vestibule courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb deep a. of the clitoris and dorsal a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. dorsal a. of the clitoris and deep a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. cremasteric a. is one of the contents of the spermatic cord it anastomoses with the testicular artery distally deep e#ternal pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumfle# femoral a. deep a. of the clitoris and dorsal a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. deep a. of the penis and dorsal a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. dorsal a. of the clitoris and deep a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.

internal pudendal a. no named branches

internal pudendal a. no named branches

clitoris, dorsal internal pudendal a. no named branches a. of cremasteric inferior epigastric a. no named branches

deep e#ternal femoral a. pudendal deep, of clitoris

unnamed muscular branches

internal pudendal a. no named branches

deep, of penis internal pudendal a. no named branches

dorsal, of clitoris

internal pudendal a. no named branches

dorsal, of penis ductus deferens, artery of epigastric, inferior e#ternal pudendal, deep e#ternal pudendal, superficial

internal pudendal a. no named branches

superficial tissues of the penis ductus deferens, seminal vesical possibly supplies the ureter lower rectus abdominis m., pyramidalis m., lower abdominal wall origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m. scrotum/labium majus skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region

dorsal a. of the penis and deep a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. artery of the ductus deferens is also known as$ deferential a.

umbilical a. may be no named branches a branch of the superior or inferior vesical a. e#ternal iliac a. cremasteric a.

inferior epigastric a. anastomoses with the superior epigastric a. within the rectus abdominis m. deep e#ternal pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumfle# femoral a. superficial e#ternal pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also$ superficial circumfle# iliac a., superficial epigastric a.) inferior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip

femoral a.

unnamed muscular branches

femoral a.

no named branches

gluteal, inferior gluteal, superior

internal iliac a., anterior division internal iliac, posterior division

unnamed muscular branches

gluteus ma#imus m., hip joint

superficial br., deep br.

gluteus ma#imus m., gluteus superior gluteal a. participates in the medius m., gluteus minimus formation of the cruciate anastomoses of m., hip joint the hip pelvis, lower limb abdominal aorta bifurcates at the level of the &4 vertebral body to form the right and left common iliac aa. the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation into its terminal brs. (e#ternal iliac a. and internal iliac a.) e#ternal iliac a. is continuous with the femoral a., the name change occurs at the inguinal ligament the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the

iliac, common abdominal aorta

e#ternal iliac a., internal iliac a.

iliac, e#ternal common iliac a.

inferior epigastric a., deep circumfle# iliac a., femoral a.

lower limb

sacroiliac articulation iliac, internal common iliac a. anterior division gives rise to the $ umbilical pelvic viscera, gluteal a., obturator a., uterine a., vaginal a., inferior region, hip, medial thigh vesical a., middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a. posterior division gives rise to the$ iliolumbar a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. iliac br., lumbar br. unnamed muscular branches iliacus m., psoas major m., ,uadratus lumborum m. gluteus ma#imus m., hip joint anus, ischioanal fossa lower part of the urinary bladder, prostate/vagina common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the e#ternal iliac a.

iliolumbar inferior gluteal

internal iliac a., posterior division internal iliac a., anterior division

lumbar br. of the iliolumbar a. sends a small spinal br. into the vertebral canal inferior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a. inferior vesical a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a.

inferior rectal internal pudendal a. no named branches inferior vesical internal iliac a., anterior division or it may arise from the middle rectal a. common iliac a. no named branches

internal iliac

anterior division gives rise to the $ umbilical pelvic viscera, gluteal a., obturator a., uterine a., vaginal a., inferior region, hip, medial thigh vesical a., middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a. posterior division gives rise to the$ iliolumbar a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. inferior rectal a., perineal a., artery of the bulb of the clitoris/penis, urethral a., deep clitoral/penile a., dorsal clitoral/penile a. anus, muscles of the superficial and deep perineal spaces, clitoris/penis, posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus posterior aspect of the labium majus

common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the e#ternal iliac a.

internal pudendal

internal iliac a., anterior division

internal pudendal a. is the primary blood supply to the perineum

labial, posterior lateral sacral

perineal a. internal iliac a., posterior division

no named branches spinal brs.

posterior labial a. courses through the superficial perineal space

sacrum, sacral nerve there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on rootlets, meninges, adjacent each side, a superior one and an inferior

muscles middle rectal obturator internal iliac, anterior division internal iliac a., anterior division no named branches pubic br., acetabular br., anterior br., posterior br. middle portion of the rectum medial thigh and hip

one middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal a. anterior and posterior brs. pass on the anterior and posterior sides of the adductor brevis m. aberrant obturator a. arises from the inferior epigastric a. in */) of cases ovarian a. anastomoses with the uterine a. deep a. of the penis and dorsal a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. dorsal a. of the penis and deep a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a. artery of the bulb of the penis courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb perineal a. courses superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m. it courses with the perineal n. posterior labial a. courses through the superficial perineal space posterior scrotal a. passes superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m. deep e#ternal pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumfle# femoral a. internal pudendal a. is the primary blood supply to the perineum

ovarian penis, deep

abdominal aorta

tubal brs., uterine brs.

ovary, uterine tube corpus cavernosum of the penis superficial tissues of the penis bulb of the penis and associated tissues posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus muscles of the superficial perineal space posterior aspect of the labium majus posterior aspect of the scrotum origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m. scrotum/labium majus anus, muscles of the superficial and deep perineal spaces,

internal pudendal a. no named branches

penis, dorsal

internal pudendal a. no named branches

penis, of bulb internal pudendal a. no named branches

perineal

internal pudendal a. posterior labial/scrotal deep br.

posterior labial posterior scrotal

perineal a. perineal a.

no named branches no named branches unnamed muscular branches

pudendal, femoral a. deep e#ternal pudendal, internal internal iliac a., anterior division

inferior rectal a., perineal a., artery of the bulb of the clitoris/penis, urethral a., deep clitoral/penile a., dorsal clitoral/penile a.

clitoris/penis, posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus pudendal, superficial e#ternal femoral a. no named branches skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region superficial e#ternal pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also$ superficial circumfle# iliac a., superficial epigastric a.) inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a. middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal a. superior rectal a. is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric a. after the sigmoid brs. are given off it anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the inferior rectal a.

rectal, inferior internal pudendal a. no named branches rectal, middle internal iliac, anterior division rectal, superior inferior mesenteric a. no named branches two unnamed branches

anus, ischioanal fossa middle portion of the rectum superior part of the rectum

sacral, lateral internal iliac a., posterior division sacral, median abdominal aorta

spinal brs.

sacrum, sacral nerve there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on rootlets, meninges, adjacent each side, a superior one and an inferior muscles one sacrum median sacral a. appears to be the continuation of the abdominal aorta in the median plane, although it is much smaller in si.e posterior scrotal a. passes superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m. superficial e#ternal pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also$ superficial circumfle# iliac a., superficial epigastric a.) testicular a. is one of the contents of the spermatic cord the origin of the testicular a. from the aorta at the &2

+th lumbar aa.

scrotal, posterior superficial e#ternal pudendal

perineal a. femoral a.

no named branches no named branches

posterior aspect of the scrotum skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region

testicular

abdominal aorta

ureteric brs.

testis, epididymis, lower part of the ductus deferens, ureter near its midpoint

vertebral level indicates the embryonic level of origin of the testis prior to its descent umbilical internal iliac a., anterior division superior vesical aa., a. of the ductus deferens superior part of the bladder ductus deferens distal to the branches described at left, the lumen of the umbilical a. becomes obliterated after birth and the remnant of the vessel becomes the medial umbilical ligament urethral a. branches off of the internal pudendal a. within the deep perineal space uterine a. anastomoses with the ovarian a. and the vaginal a. it passes superior to the ureter in the pelvis remember the saying 0water under the bridge0 anastomoses with the uterine a. participates in the formation of the a.ygos arteries along the lateral surface of the vagina inferior vesical a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a.

urethral

internal pudendal a. no named branches

penile urethra

uterine

internal iliac a., anterior division

tubal br., vaginal br.

uterus, uterine tube

vaginal

internal iliac a., anterior division occasionally it arises from uterine a. internal iliac a., anterior division or it may arise from the middle rectal a. umbilical a.

numerous unnamed branches

vagina

vesical, inferior

no named branches

lower part of the urinary bladder, prostate/vagina

vesical, superior vestibule, bulb of

no named branches

superior aspect of the bladder bulb of the vestibule and associated tissues

superior vesical aa.arise from the umbilical a. pro#imal to where its lumen becomes obliterated artery of the bulb of the vestibule courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb

internal pudendal a. no named branches