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BASIC NEEDS KEPERLUAN ASAS BASIC NEEDS OF HUMANS AND ANIMALS KEPERLUAN ASAS MANUSIA DAN HAIWAN
1. The basic needs of humans and animals are food, water, air and shelter. Keperluan asas manusia dan haiwan ialah makanan, air, udara dan tempat berlindung. 2. Humans and animals need food and water to grow, get energy and stay healthy. Manusia dan haiwan memerlukan makanan dan air untuk membesar, untuk mendapatkan tenaga dan kekal sihat. 3. Humans and animals need air to breathe. Manusia dan haiwan memerlukan udara untuk bernafas. 4. Humans and animals need shelter to protect themselves from danger, the sun and the rain. Manusia dan haiwan memerlukan tempat berlindung untuk melindungi diri daripada bahaya, matahari dan hujan.

BASIC NEEDS OF PLANTS KEPERLUAN ASAS UNTUK TUMBUHAN


1. The basic needs of plants are water, air and sunlight. Keperluan asas tumbuhan ialah air, udara dan cahaya matahari.

LIFE PROCESSES PROSES HIDUP HUMANS BREATHE MANUSIA BERNAFAS


1. Humans breathe. Humans use their lungs to breathe. Manusia bernafas. Manusia bernafas menggunakan paru-paru. 2. When we breathe we inhale (take in) and exhale (let out) air. Apabila kita bernafas kita akan menyedut dan menghembuskan udara. 3. The air that flows into the lungs contains more oxygen. Udara yang memasuki paru-paru mengandungi lebih oksigen. 2 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

4. The air that flows out contains more carbon dioxide. Udara yang dihembus keluar mengandungi lebih karbon dioksida.

nose windpipe

lungs

The human breathing organs Organ pernafasan manusia

HUMANS EXCRETE AND DEFECATE MANUSIA BERKUMUH DAN BERNYAHTINJA


1. Humans excrete and defecate to get rid of waste materials from their bodies. Manusia berkumuh dan bernyahtinja untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan. 2. Humans excrete urine, sweat and water from their bodies. Manusia mengumuhkan air kencing, peluh dan air dari badan. 3. The excretory organ of humans are the kidneys, skin and lungs. Organ perkumuhan manusia adalah ginjal, kulit dan paru-paru.

RESPONSE TO STIMULI BERGERAK BALAS TERHADAP RANGSANGAN


1. Humans respond to stimuli to protect themselves from danger and for survival. Manusia bergerak balas terhadap rangsangan untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya dan kemandirian.

HUMANS REPRODUCE MANUSIA MEMBIAK


1. Humans reproduce by giving birth. Manusia membiak dengan melahirkan anak.

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2. Humans need to reproduce to ensure to continuity of humans species on Earth. Manusia perlu membiak untuk memastikan spesies manusia terus wujud di Bumi ini.

AVOID BAD HABITS MENJAUHKAN TABIAT BURUK


1. Smoking, taking drugs and drinking alcohol can be harmful to the life processes of humans. Merokok, mengambil dadah dan minum arak boleh membahayakan proses hidup manusia.

ANIMALS EXCRETE AND DEFECATE HAIWAN BERKUMUH DAN BERNYAHTINJA


1. Animals also excrete and defecate to get rid of waste products from their bodies Haiwan juga berkumuh dan bernyahtinja untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan daripada badan. 2. If they do not excrete or defecate they will fall sick. Jika haiwan-haiwan tidak berkumuh atau bernyahtinja, haiwan-haiwan itu akan jatuh sakit.

ANIMALS BREATHE HAIWAN BERNAFAS


1. All animals breathe. They breathe to live. Semua haiwan bernafas. Mereka bernafas untuk hidup. 2. Animals breathe through their breathing structures. Examples: lungs, gills, trachea structure, dan moist skin. Haiwan bernafas melalui struktur pernafasan masing-masing. Contohnya: paru-paru, insang struktur trakea dan kulit lembap.

ANIMAL REPRODUCE HAIWAN MEMBIAK


1. Animals also reproduce. Haiwan juga membiak. 2. Some animals give birth and also some lay eggs. Sesetengah haiwan melahirkan anak dan sesetengah haiwan bertelur.

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A COMPLETE CHANGE PERUBAHAN YANG LENGKAP


1. A life cycle shows the series of stages tahat an animal undergoes as it grows. Kitar hidup menunjukkan urutan peringkat yang dilalui oleh haiwan semasa haiwan itu membesar.

The life cycle of frog Kitar hidup katak

The life cycle of butterfly Kitar hidup rama-rama 2. Some young animals do not look like their parents. Some young animals look like their parents. Sesetengah anak haiwan tidak kelihatan seperti induknya. Sesetengah anak haiwan kelihatan seperti induknya.

PLANTS RESPOND TO STIMULI TUMBUHAN BERGERAK BALAS TERHADAP RANGSANGAN


1. Plants respond to stimuli such as sunlight, water, touch and gravity. Tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap rangsangan seperti cahaya matahari, air, sentuhan dan gravity. 2. Plants respond to stimuli to protect themselves from danger or for survival. Tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap rangsangan untuk melindungi diri daripada bahaya atau untuk kemandirian. 3. The roots respond to water and gravitiy. Akar bergerak balas terhadap air dan gravity. 5 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

4. The shoots respond to sunlight. Pucuk bergerak balas terhadap cahaya matahari.

PLANTS REPRODUCE TUMBUHAN MEMBIAK


1. Plants reproduce to ensure the survival of their species. Tumbuhan membiak untuk memastikan kemandirian spesiesnya. 2. Plants reproduce in many different ways. Tumbuhan membiak dalam pelbagai cara. through seeds - a papaya plant melalui biji benih - pokok betik through spores - ferns, mushroom melalui spora - paku pakis, cendawan through suckers - banana tree melalui sulur/ anak pokok - pokok pisang through stem-cutting - tapioca, hibiscus plants melalui keratan batang - pokok ubi kayu, pokok bunga raya through leaves - bryophyllum, begonia melalui daun through underground stems - ginger plant melalui batang bawah tanah - pokok halia

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QUESTIONS ABOUT THE BASIC NEEDS OF LIVING THINGS SECTION A BAHAGIAN A


UNIT 1 1. Which of the following are the basic needs of plants? Antara keperluan asas yang berikut, manakah keperluan asas bagi tumbuhan? I. Air Udara Water Air II. Sunlight Cahaya matahari Food Makanan

III.

IV.

A. I and III only I dan III saja B. I,II,and III only I,II dan III saja

C. I,IIIand IV only I,III dan IV saja D. I,II,III and IV I,II,III dan IV

2. Humans need shelter to.... Manusia memerlukan tempat berlindung untuk..... A. stay alive kekal hidup B. keep the air in menyimpan udara C. grow healthily membesar dengan sihat D. protect them from bad weather melindungi diri daripada cuaca buruk

3. The diagram below shows an investigation Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu penyiasatan

What conclusion can be drawn from the investigation? Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat daripada penyiasatan ini? A. Plants need water to live Tumbuhan memerlukan air untuk hidup B. Plants need air to live 7 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

Tumbuhan memerlukan udara untuk hidup C. Plants need food to live Tumbuhan memerlukan makanan untuk hidup D. Plants need sunlight to live Tumbuhan memerlukan cahaya matahari untuk hidup 4. Which of the following is not a basic need of animals? Antara yang berikut manakah yang bukan keperluan asas haiwan? A. Space Ruang B. Food Makanan C. Water Air D. Air Udara

5. Plants absorb water through their....... Tumbuhan menyerap air melalui........ A. Stems Batang B. Leaves Daun C. Roots Akar D. Branches Ranting

UNIT 2
1. Look at the information below. Perhatikan maklumat di bawah. Breathing involves inhalation and exhalation. Pernafasan melibatkan menarik nafas dan menghembus nafas.

What happen during inhalation? Apakah yang berlaku semasa menarik nafas? I The lungs expand. Peparu mengembang. II The lung contract. Peparu mengecut. III Air is forced out of the lungs. Udara dikeluarkan dari peparu. IV Air flows in from outside through the nose. Udara mengalir dari luar melalui hidung. A I and III C I and IV I danIII I dan IV B II andIII D II and IV II dan III II dan IV

2. What is the meaning of excretion? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan perkumuhan? A. The life process to produce offspring. 8 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

Proses hidup bagi menghasilkan anak. B. Something that causes response in humans. Sesuatu yang menyebabkan manusia bergerakbalas. C. The process to get rid of urine, sweat and water from the bodies. Proses penyingkiran air kencing, peluh dan air daripada tubuh. D. The action to take in air during breathing. Tindakan menyedut udara masuk ketika bernafas.
3.

Smoking is harmful to the body because it can cause Merokok membahayakan kesihatan kerana ia boleh menyebabkan I. Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru II. Heart attack Serangan jantung III. Diabetic Kencing manis

A. I only I sahaja B. I and II only I dan II sahaja

C. II and III only II dan III sahaja D. I , II and III I , II dan III

4 . Which of the following animals has the same breathing structure as the grasshopper? Antara haiwan yang berikut, manakah yang mempunyai struktur pernafasan yang sama seperti belalang? A. Duck Itik B. Tadpole Berudu C. Turtle Penyu D. Cockroach Lipas

5. The diagram shows a plant. Rajah menunjukkan sejenis tumbuhan.

The plant reproduces through.... Tumbuhan ini membiak melalui.... A. Leaves Daun B. Spores Spora C. Seeds Biji benih D. Stem cutting Keratan batang

SECTION B BAHAGIAN B
1. The table below shows an investigation that is carried out on two plants M and N. Both plant M and N are of the same type. Both plants are observed after a week. 9 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

Jadual di bawah menunjukkan satu penyiasatan yang dijalankan ke atas dua tumbuhan M dan N. Kedua-dua tumbuhan M dan N adalah dari jenis yang sama. Kedua-dua tumbuhan perhatikan selepas dua minggu. Plant Tumbuhan M N a) What is the purpose of the investigation ? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan? b) State what happen to ? Nyatakan apa yang terjadi kepada? i. ii. Plant M : .. Tumbuhan M: .................................................................................. Plant N : .. Tumbuhan N: ................................................................................. Presence or absence of water Kehadiran atau ketiadaan air No water Tiada air Water Air

c)

State what to change in the above investigation. Nyatakan apa yang berubah pada penyiasatan di atas.

d)

What can you conclude from the investigation above ? Apakah kesimpulan anda daripada penyiasatan di atas?

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2. Diagram 1 shows an experiment carried out by a group of students. Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu eksperiment yang dijalankan oleh sekumpulan pelajar.

Mouse P Tikus P Diagram 1 Rajah 1

Mouse Q Tikus Q

a) What is the purpose (aim) of this investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini ? .................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................. b) In this experiment, .... Dalam eksperimen ini,.... i. what is changed ( manipulated variable)? apakah yang diubah ( pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan) ? ........................................................................................................................... what is kept the same ( constant variable)? apakah yang ditetapkan ( pemboleh ubah dimalarkan) ? ........................................................................................................................... What do you think will happen to the mouse Q after five days? Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada tikus Q selepas lima hari? ............................................................................................................................

ii.

c)

d)

Give one reason (inference) based on your answer in (c). Beri satu sebab (inferens) berdasarkan jawapan anda di (c). ............................................................................................................................

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ANIMALS PROTECT THEMSELVES

Protect from danger


1. Animals need to protect themselves from enemis. Haiwan perlu melindungi diri daripada musuh masing-masing. They have specific characteristic and behaviour to protect themselves rfom their enemies. Haiwan mempunyai ciri-ciri dan kelakuan khusus untuk melindungi diri daripada musuh.

2.

Living in extreme weather


1. Some animals live in habitats with extreme weather, either very cold or very hot weather. Sesetengah haiwan hidup di dalam habitat yang mempunyai cuaca yang melampau, sama ada sangat sangat sejuk atau sangat panas. So, these animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather. Jadi, haiwan-haiwan ini mempunyai cirri-ciri dan kelakuan khas untuk melindun gi daripada cuaca yang melampau.

2.

PLANTS PROTECTION
1. Plants have specific characteristics which protect them from their enemies and weather. Tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas yang melindunginya daripada musuh dan cuaca. 2. Plants have thorns, latex, fine hairs and poisonous substance to protect from the enemies. Tumbuhan mempunyai getah, bulu halus, duri dan bahan beracun untuk melindungi diri daripada musuh. 3. Plants drop their leaves, has waxy leaves, rolling the leaves, leaves and stems that store water, roots that grow deeply, divides leaves, buttress roots and sheeding leaves to protect from the cold and hot weather. Tumbuhan mengugurkan daun, mempunyai daun berlilin, menggulungkan daun, daun dan batang yang mengandungi air, akar yang tumbuh panjang ke dalam tanah, daun yang berbelah-belah, akar banir dan menggugurkan daun untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca sejuk dan panas.

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Questions about the protections Section A


1. The information below shows how animals S and T protect themselves from danger. Maklumat di bawah menunjukkan bagaimana haiwan S dan T melindungi daripada bahaya

S - Rolls its body Menggulungkan badannya T - Produces a bad smell Mengeluarkan bau busuk What are animals S and T ? Apakah haiwan S dan T ?

S A Pangolin Tenggiling Porcupine Landak Tortoise Kura-kura Scorpion Kala jengking Lizard Cicak

Chameleon Sumpah-sumpah Beetle Kumbang Snail Siput

2.

Which of the following animals have thick layers of fat under their skin to enable them to live in cold weather ? Antara berikut, haiwan yang manakah mempunyai lapisan lemak yang tebal di bawah kulit untuk membolehkannya hidup dalam cuaca yang sejuk. I III Camel Unta Penguin Penguin I and III I dan III II and IV II dan IV ll IV Eagle Helang Polar bear Beruang kutub II and III II dan III III and IV III dan IV

A B

C D

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3.

Diagram 1 shows plant P Rajah 1 menunjukkan tumbuhan P

Diagram 1 Which of the following specific characteristics allow plant P to survive in areas where there are strong winds? Antara ciri-ciri khas berikut, yang manakah membolehkan tumbuhan P hidup di kawasan yang berangin kencang ? A Having buttress roots Mempunyai akar banir B Having splited leaves Mempunyai daun berpecah-pecah C Having flexible stems Mempunyai batang yang mudah melentur D Having needle-shaped leaves Mempunayai daun berbentuk jarum

4. Which of the following characteristics protect a plant from being eaten by animal Antara ciri yang berikut, manakah yang melindungi tumbuhan daripada dimakan oleh haiwan ?

P - Has a bad smell Berbau busuk Q - Produces sticky latex Mengeluarkan getah yang melekit R - Has divided leaves Mempunyai daun yang berbelah-belah

A B

P and Q P dan Q P and R P dan R

C D

Q and R Q dan R P, Q and R P, Q dan R

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5.

Which of the following is not the characteristics of animals that live in very hot weather to lose heat from their bodies ? Antara yang berikut yang manakah bukan ciri haiwan yang hidup di cuaca yang sangat panas untuk menghilangkan haba daripada tubuhnya? A B C D Having long ears Mempunyai telinga yang panjang Having a thick layer of fat Mempunyai lapisan lemak yang tebal Looking for at night Mencari makanan pada waktu malam Staying in the shade during the day Berlindung di bawah bayang-bayang semasa siang hari.

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Section B
1. Figure 1 shows an investigation on three potted plants. The plants are left in the Sun and not watered for two weeks. Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu penyiasatan terhadap tiga tumbuhan di dalam pasu. Tumbuhan dibiarkan di bawah Matahari dan tidak disiram selama dua minggu.

Figure 1 / Rajah 1 The results of the investigation after two weeks are shown in Table 1. Keputusan penyiasatan selepas dua minggu ditunjukkan di dalan Jadual 2. Plant Tumbuhan Balsam plant / Pokok Keembung Chilli plant / Pokok cili Cactus / Kaktus Table 2 / Jadual 2 (a) What is the purpose (aim) of this investigation ? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini ? ......................................................................................................................... (b) In this investigation, state Dalam penyiasatan ini, nyatakan i. What is change (manipulated variable) pembolehubah dimanipulasikan .. ii. What is observed (responding variable) pembolehubah bergerak balas ................................................................................................................ 16 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR Wilted Layu Growing healthy Tumbuh dengan subur

/ / /

(c)

Which plant do you think can survive in a dry region ? Tumbuhan yang manakah pada fikiran kamu boleh hidup di kawasan kering?

..... (d) Give one reason (inferens) for you answer in (c) Berikan satu inferens bagi jawapan kamu di (c)

.................................................................................................................................... 2. Diagram 1 shows a type of plant and animal. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis tumbuhan dan haiwan.

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 (a) State the region where the plant and the animal live. Nyatakan kawasan di mana tumbuhan dan haiwan itu hidup (b) What is the specific characteristic of the plant and the animal which enables them to survive in their habitat? Apakah cirri khas tumbuhan dan haiwan itu yang mmembolehkannya hidup di habitatnya ? i. ii. ` (c) K : L :

State the function of the specific characteristic of the plant and the animal that you have started in (b). Nyatakan fungsi ciri khas tumbuhn dan haiwan yang kamu nyatakan di (b).

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MEASUREMENT Measuring length


1. Length is the distance between two points or two place Panjang ialah jarak di antara dua titik atau tempat. In olden days, humans used their limbs to measure length. Pada zaman dahulu, manusia menggunakan anggota badan untuk mengukur Panjang. Nowdays, ruler and measuring tapes are used as the standard tools to measure length Kini, pembaris dan pita pengukur digunakan sebagai alat pengukur piawai untuk mengukur panjang pembaris. Metric units are used to measure length. The milimetre (mm) and centimeter (cm) are used to measure short lengths. The metre (m) and kilometer (km) are used to measure long length. Unit metric digunakan untuk mengukur panjang. Milimeter (mm) dan sentimeter (cm) digunakan untuk mengukur jaraka yang pendek. Meter (m) dan kilometer (km) digunakan untuk mengukur jarak yang panjang. The circumference or an object or a curve line can be measured by using a ruler and a thread. Ukur lilit sesuatu objek atau garis lengkung boleh diukur menggunakan pembaris dan benang.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Area / luas
1. The area of a surface is the size of the surface Luas sesuatu permukaan ialah saiz permukaan itu. The area of a square or a rectangle can be obtained by calculating, using the following formula. Luas segi empat sama atau segi empat tepat boleh diperolehi dengan penghitungan, menggunakan formula yang berikut. Area = Length x Width Luas = Panjang x lebar 3. The area of small surface is measured in square milimetres (mm) or square centimeters (cm). Luas permukaan yang kecil diukur dalam millimeter persegi (mm) atau sentimeter persegi (cm). The area of large surface is measure in square metres (m) or square kilometers (km) Luas permukaan yang besar diukur dalam meter persegi (m) atau kilometer persegi (km)

2.

4.

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Volume / isipadu
1. The volume of an object is the size of the space in object . Isi padu sesuatu objek ialah saiz ruang dalam objek itu. The volume of a cube or cuboid can be obtained by calculation, using the following formula: Isipadu kubus atau kuboid boleh diperolehi dengan penghitungan menggunakan formula yang berikut: Volume Isipadu 3. = Length x width x height = Panjang x lebar x tinggi

2.

Volume is measured in cubic milimeteres (mm), cubic centimeters (cm) or cubic metres (m). Isipadu diukur dalam millimeter padu (mm), sentimeter padu (cm), atau meter padu (m)

Volume of a liquid
1. The volume of a liquid can be measured by using a standard object such as a beaker or a measuring cylinder Isipadu cecair boleh diukur dengan menggunakan objek piawai seperti bikar atau silinder penyukat. The volume of a liquid can be measured in cubic centimeters (cm). milimetres (ml) or litres (l). Isipadu cecair diukur dalam sentimeter padu (cm), millimeter (ml) atau liter (l).

2.

Measuring mass
1. All things have mass. Semua benda mempunyai jisim. Mass can be measured by using a lever balance, beam balance or electronic balance. Jisim boleh diukur dengan menggunakan neraca tuas, neraca palang atau neraca elektronik. The standard units of mass in te metric system are the milligram (mg), gram (g) and kilogram (kg). Unit piawai bagi jisim dalam system metric ialah milligram (mg), gram (g) dan kilogram (kg).

2.

3.

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Taking time
1. Time is an interval between two events. Masa ialah selang di antara dua peristiwa. Time can be measured based on process that repeat uniformly. Masa boleh diukur berdasarkan proses yang berulang secara seragam. In the past, people had invented tools to measured time. Pada zaman dahulu, manusia telah mencipta alat untuk mengukur masa. Nowdays, standard tools such as the stopwatch, digital watch and digital clock are used to measure time. Kini alat piawai seperti jam randik, jam tangan digital dan jam berdigit digunakan untuk mengukur masa. The standard units of time are the scond, minute and hour. Unit piawai bagi masa ialah saat, minit dan jam.

2.

3.

4.

5.

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QUESTIONS ABOUT THE MEASUREMENT Section A


1. What is the suitable measuring unit used for measuring the distance from Melaka to Johor Bahru ? Apakah yang sesuai digunakan untuk mengukur jarak dari Melaka ke Johor Bahru ? A B Milimetre Milimeter Metre Meter C D Centimetre Sentimeter Kilometre Kilometer

2.

What is meant by area ? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan luas ? A B Size of space Saiz suatu ruang Distance between two point Jarak di antara dua titik C D Size of surface Saiz suatu permukaan Height of an object Ketinggian suatu objek

3.

Which of the following empty boxes can keep the most number of marbles ? Antara kotak kosong berikut, yang manakah boleh menampung bilangan guli yang palaing banyak ?

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4.

The diagram shows the mass of three objects, P, Q and R Rajah menunjukkan jisim tiga objek, P, Q dan R

Which of the following shows correct relationship between the mass of P,Q and R? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan betul antara jisim P,Q dan R ?

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Section B
1. A group of pupils from 5 Bestari carried out an investigation about the time taken of pendulum to swing with the different length of string in 20 second. Sekumpulan murid dari 5 Bestari menjalankan suatu penyiasatan tentang masa yang diambil untuk bandul berayun dengan benang yang panjang berbeza dalam 20 saat.

(a)

What is the aim of this investigation Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ..............................................................................................................................

(b)

State : Nyatakan: (i) What is change (manipulated variable)? Apakah yang diubah (pembolehubah dimanipulasi) ? ..

(ii) What is observe (responding variable) ? Apakah yang diukur (pembolehubah bergerak balas) ? .............................................................................................................................. (c) What is the trend of the pendulum swing ? Apakah corak ayunan bandul ? .. (d) Predict how many times the pendulum will swing if 20 cm of string is used? Ramalkan berapa kali ayunan bandul jika 20 cm benang digunakan? ..

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2.

In investigation, water is allowed to drip from a can with a hole as shown in Diagram 2. The volume of dripping water is collected in a measuring cylinder and measured every 5 minutes. Table 2 shows the result of the investigation. Dalam satu penyiasatan, air dibiarkan menitis dari tin yang berlubang satu seperti ditunjukkan pada Rajah 2. Isipadu air yang meneitis dikumpulkan di dalam selinder penyukat dan disukat setiap 5 minit. Jadual 2 menunjukkan keputusan bagi penyiasatan itu

Diagram 2/Rajah 2 Time(minute)/Masa (minit) Volume (cm)/Isipadu (cm) 0 0 5 10 10 20 15 30 20 40

Table 2/Jadual 2 (a) What is the purpose (aim) of this investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini ? ......................................................................................................................... (b) What is the trend of change in the volume of water collected? Apakah corak perubahan isipadu air yang terkumpul? . (c) In this investigation, state Dalam penyiasatan ini, nyatakan (i) what is change (manipulated variable) Pembolehubah yang dimanipulasikan (ii) what is observed (responding variable) Pembolehubah yang bergerak balas

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(d)

Predict the volume of water collected in the measuring cylinder after 30 minutes. Ramalkan isipadu air yang terkumpul di dalam selinder penyukat selepas 30 minit. ..

PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
1. Objects can be classified according to the materials they are made off. Objek boleh dikelaskan mengikut bahan yang digunakan. 2. Metal, paper, clay, plastics, rubber, leather are the examples of materials. Logam, kertas, tanah liat, plastic, getah, kulit adalah contoh bahan. 3. Properties of materials:Sifat-sifat bahan: Absorb water./ Menyerap air. Allow light to pass through. / Membenarkan cahaya menembusi Float and sink. / Timbul dan tenggelam Can be stretched. / Boleh diregang. Conduct heat and electricity / Konduktor haba dan elektrik

4. Metals that conduct heat are called heat conductor and also conductor of electricity. Logam yang mengalirkan haba juga dipanggil konduktor haba juga konduktor elektrik.

5. Materials that do not conduct electricity are called insulator. Bahan yang tidak boleh mengalirkan arus elektrik dipanggil penebat. 6. Materials that do not conduct heat are called heat insulator. Bahan yang tidak mengalirkan haba di panggil konduktor haba. 7. A transparent material allows light to pass through. Bahan lut sinar adalah bahan yang boleh ditembusi cahaya sepenuhnya. 8. A translucent material allows some light to pass through. Bahan lut cahaya membenarkan sebahagian cahaya menmbusinya. 9. An opaque material does not allow any light to pass through. bahan legap menghalang cahaya daripada ditembusi. 10. Natural materials are found in nature (leather, rubber, wood, fur, metal,cotton, silk). Bahan semulajadi boleh ditemui dari alam (kulit, getah, kayu, bulu, logam, kapas, sutera). 11. Man made materials are made by human (plastic and synthetic cloth). Bahan buatan adalah dibuat oleh manusia (plastic dan kain sintatik). 25 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

12. Natural and man made materials are limited so we have to reuse, reduce and recycle the materials to save our environment. Bahan semulajadi dan buatan adalah terhad , jadi kita perlu menggunakan semula, mengurangkan penggunaan dan kitar semual bahan untuk menyelamatkan persekitaran kita. 13. Object made of iron can be rust if exposed to the water and air. Objek besi boleh berkarat jika terdedah kepada air dan udara. 14. The ways to prevent rusting are greasing, painting, tin plating and plastic coating. Cara mengelakkan pengaratan adalah dengan cara melumur minyak, mengecat, sadur timah dan sadur plastic.

QUESTIONS ABOUT PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS SECTION A


1. Which of the objects below floats on water? Manakah antara objek di bawah terapung di atas air ? A Cork C Gabus B Coin D Duit syiling 2. Diagram 1 shows a mop. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sebatang mop. Glass marble guli kaca Ring gelang

Diagram 1 What is the property of X? Apakah sifat bagi X ? A C It conducts heat. Konduktor haba It absorbs water. Boleh menyerap air B It floats on water. Boleh terapung di atas air D It can be stretched easily. boleh diregang

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3. Which one of the following statements is true? Manakah pernyataan yang benar ? A A block of wood conducts electrical energy. Sepotong kayu mengalir tenaga elektrik. B A plastic ruler conducts heat. Pembaris plastik mengalirkan haba. C A rubber band can be stretched. Getah boleh diregang. D A piece of leather allows light to pass through it. Sekeping kulit boleh membenar cahaya menembusinya. 4. What is meant by an insulator? Apakah maksud penebat? A An object that floats on water. Objek yang boleh terapung di atas air. B An object that can be stretched. Objek yang boleh diregang. C An object that does not allow light to pass through it. Objek yang tidak membenarkan cahaya menembusinya. D An object that does not conduct electrical energy. Objek yang tidak boleh mengalirkan tenaga elektrik. 5. Diagram 2 shows an electric plug. Rajah 2 menunjukkan plug elektrik.

Diagram 2 Which of the following is a property of X? Apakah antara berikut adalah sifat X? I Conductor of electrical energy Konduktor elektrik III Can be stretched Boleh diregang A I and II only C II, III and IV only Section B 27 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR II Conductor of heat Konduktor haba IV Absorbs water Menyerap air B I, II, and III only D I, II, III and IV

The bar chart in Diagram 1 shows information gathered by a student on objects used in the kitchen. Carta bar di bawah menunjukkan maklumat yang dikumpul oleh murid-murid ke atas objek yang digunakan di dapur.

Diagram 1 (a) What conclusion can be made from the bar chart? Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat daripada carta bar? ____________________________________________________________________ (b) Suggest one object in the kitchen that is made from Cadangkan satu objek di dapur yang diperbuat aripada.. i. glass. kaca ____________________________________________________________________ ii. plastic. plastik _____________________________________________________________________ (c) Give one reason why cloth objects were not common in the kitchen. Beri satu sebab mengapa kain tidak biasa di dapur. ____________________________________________________________________

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2 Diagram 2 shows an experiment carried out by a group of pupils. Rajah 2 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan oleh sekumpulan murid.

Diagram 2 (a) What is the aim of the experiment? Apakah tujuan eksperimen ini? ____________________________________________________________________ (b) In the experiment, Dalam eksperimen ini i. what is being changed?: _______________________________________________ Apa yang diubah? ii. what is observed?: ___________________________________________________ Apa yang diperhatikan? (c) Name the type of material used in Namakan jenis bahan yang digunakan untuk i. P: ________________________________________________________________ ii. Q: _______________________________________________________________ iii. R: ________________________________________________________________

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SOLAR SYSTEM
1. The main constituents of the Solar System are the Sun and the planets. Ahli dalam Sistem Solar adalah matahari dan planet. 2. The sequence of planets starting from the Sun are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Urutan planet bermula daripada matahari adalah Utarid, Zuhrah, Bumi, Marikh, Musytari, Zuhal, Uranus, Neptune dan Pluto. 3. The planets differ in size and distance from the sun. Planet berbeza dari segi saiz dan jarak dari matahari. 4. The planets have very different conditions on their surface. Planet mempunyai keadaan permukaan yang berbeza. 5. The sun is in the centre of Solar system. Matahari adalah pusat dalam Sistem solar. 6. The sun is very big compared to the planets. Matahari sangat besar jika dibandingkan dengan planet. 7. All planets move round the sun. Semua planet beredar mengelilingi matahari. 8. The ratio of the size of the moon to earth and to the sun is 1:4:400. Nisbah saiz bulan dengan bumi dan matahari adalah 1:4:400. 9. The distance from earthto the sun is 400 times the distance from the moon to earth. Jarak dari bumi ke matahari ialah 400 kali jarak daripada bulan ke bumi. 10. Earth has water, air and suitable temperature to support life. Bumi mengandungi air, udara dan suhu yang sesuai untuk menampung hidupan.

11. If earth is too near to the sun, it will be to hot to support life. Jika bumi terlalu dekat dengan matahari, ia akan menjadi terlalu panas untuk menampung hidupan. 12. If earth is to near to the sun., it will be to cold to support life. Jika bumi terlalu jauh dengan matahari, ia akan menjadi terlalu sejuk untuk menampung hidupan. 13. Earth is the only planet in the solar system that has life on it. Hanya bumi dalam system solar ini yang mengandungi hidupan.

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QUESTION ABOUT THE MOON EARTH AND SUN Section A


1 . Which of the following statements is not true about the Solar System? Yang manakah di antara pernyataan berikut tidak benar tentang Sistem Suria? A The Solar System consists only of planets. Sistem suria terdiri daripada planet sahaja. B The Sun is the central of the Solar System. Matahari adalah pusat Sistem Suria C All planets in the Solar System move around the Sun. Semua planet dalam Sistem suria beredar mengelilingi Matahari D All planets in the Solar System receive light and heat from the Sun. Semua planet dalam Sistem Suria menerima cahaya dan haba daripada Matahari. 2 . The following are four planets in the Solar System.
K NEPTUNE L VENUS M JUPITER N SATURN

The order of the planets from the Sun is as follows. A K, M, L, N B L, M, N, K C M, L, N, K D M, K, L, N 3 . Diagram 1 shows the position of planet P, the Earth and planet Q from the Sun.

Diagram 1 What are planet P and Q? P Mars Pluto Uranus Venus Q Saturn Mercury Mars Mars

A B C D

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4. Diagram 6 shows the position of planet Earth in the Solar System.

Diagram 6 What will happen if the Earth is placed at X? I The Earth will receive more light and heat from the Sun. II The Earth will be very cold. III All living things will die. A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D I, II and III

5 . What is the natural satellite orbiting round the Earth? A The Sun C The asteroid B The Moon D The meteoroid

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Section B
1 The following table shows data gathered by a group of pupils. Planet Distance from the Sun (million km) P Q R S T (a) 150 780 1430 2870 4500 Time taken to make one complete movement around the Sun (year) 1 12 30 84 165

What is the trend for the time taken to make one complete movement around the Sun? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

(b)

State the relationship between the distance from the Sun and the time taken to make one complete movement around the Sun. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

(c)

Planet X takes 2 years to make one complete movement around the Sun. Predict the position of planet X. _________________________________________________________________
LIVING THINGS EXIST ONLY ON PLANET P.

(d)

Give two reasons that can be made from the above statement. 1. ______________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________

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Technology around us
Human limitations 1. Humans can do various things by using their brains, parts of their bodies and sensory organs. Manusia dapat melakukan pelbagai perkara dengan menggunakan otak, anggota badan dan organ deria. However, the ability of humans to do things is limited. Walau bagaimanapun keupayaan manusia untuk melakukan sesuatu perkara adalah terhad. Huamans have invented various devices to overcome their limititations. Manusia telah mencipta perlbagai alat untuk mengatasi had keupayaaan.

2.

3.

Development of technology 1. Development of technology has change the lives of humans in the field of communication, transportation, agriculture and constrution. Perkembangan teknologi telah mengubah kehidupan manusia dalam bidang komunikasi, pengangkutan, pertanian dan pembinaan.

Solving problems 1. Technology is used to invent machines to help us in our daily work. Technology digunakan untuk mereka cipta mesin-mesin bagi membantu manusia dalam kerja harian.

Advantanges and disadvantages 1. Technology gives us many advantages. For example, machines help to increase productivity in agriculture. Teknologi memberi kita banyak kebaikan. Sebagai contoh, mesin membantu meningkatkan pengeluaran hasil pertanian. Technology also brings disadvantages. For example, factories release toxic gases and waste products that cause air and water pollution Teknologi juga membantu keburukan. Sebagai contoh, kilang-kilang melepaskan gas bertoksik dan sisa buangan yang menyebabkan pencemaran udara dan air.

2.

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QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TEACHNOLOGY SECTION A


1 Which of the following devices can be used to overcome the limitation of humans? I Rocket II Telephone III Elevator A I and II only B II and III only 2 C I and III only D I, II and III

Diagram 1 shows a device used to overcome human limitation.

Diagram 1 This device is used in A transportation. B agriculture. 3 C communication. D medical.

Diagram 4 shows different types of air transportation.

Diagram 4 Which of the following is the correct order in the development of air transportation? 35 MODUL BIMBINGAN CARA MENJAWAB SOALAN UPSR

A P Q R S B Q P S R C R P S Q D S P Q R

Which of the following is true about the advantages of development of technology? I Make human more comfortable II Make the work easier and faster III Improve the health standards of humans A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III

In ancient time, the cave people draw on the cave walls. This shows the way they I save the information. II produce arts. III communicate with other people. IV decorate their homes. A II and III only B III and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV

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SECTION B
1 A teacher carried out an experiment to test the limitation of humans in remembering objects. He uses five students in his experiment. Each student is given two minutes to remember 20 objects. After that, the objects are covered up with a cloth. Each student has to list the names of the objects. Table 1 shows the results of the experiment. Student Total objects can be remembered L 5 M 8 Table 1 (a) What can you say about the result above? _________________________________________________________________ (b) In the experiment, ... i. what is being changed?: ___________________________________________ ii. what is measured?: _______________________________________________ N 12 O 7 P 10

(c)

What conclusion can you make from this experiment? _________________________________________________________________

Table 2 shows the time taken to travel across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to America using different types of transport. Year 1852 1938 1985 Types of transportation Sailing boat Steamship Cruiser Time taken to travel 11 days 5 days 26 hours

(a)

State two statements that you can make from this table. 1. _______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________

(b)

What is the benefit we can get from the invention of the aeroplane engine? _________________________________________________________________

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(c)

State one latest technology that allow people to go deep in the sea. _________________________________________________________________

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