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Anchor Works

Maritime Examination Question and Answer

Q1. A stopper used in securing the ground tackles for sea that consists of a grab attached to a turnbuckle Is a __________________(a) (b) (c) (d) Q2. Riding pawl Buckler Devils claw Locking ring

A wildcat is a ________________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Deeply-grooved drum on the windlass with sprockets which engage the link of the anchor Winch what is running out of control due to a failure of the over speed trips Line that has jumped off the gypsy head while under strain Nylon line that parts under strain and whips back in a hazardous manner


The holding capability of an anchor is primarily determined by the ___________. (a) (b) (c) (d) Shape of the anchor Stowage of the anchor on board Anchors ability to dig in. Size of the vessel and its draft


What does the proof test load of an anchor chain demonstrate? (a) (b) (c) (d) Breaking strength of the chain Strength of the chain to specific limit Adequate holing power for new bottom condition Safe working load of the chain


What best describes an anchor buoy? (a) (b) (c) (d) A black ball that is hoisted when the ship anchors A buoy attached to the anchor A buoy attached to the scope of an anchor chain A mark of the number of fathoms in an anchor chain


Anchors are prevented from running out when secured by the __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Brake Devils claw Pawls All of the above


The part of an anchor which takes hold on the bottom is the _______________ (a) Arm (b) Base

(c) Fluke (d) Stock Q8. The purpose of the stripping bar on an anchor windlass is to __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Q9. Clear of any mud that may have accumulate on the chain Engage or discharge the wildcat Fairlead the chain from the hawse pipe to the wildcat Prevent the chain from fouling the wildcat

If the winch should fail while you are hauling in the anchor, what prevent the anchor cable from Running out? (a) (b) (c) (d) Chain stopper Devils claw Hawse ratchet Riding pawl


Which part of the patent anchor perform the same function as the stock of an old fashioned anchor That is, force the flukes to dig in? (a) (b) (c) (d) Bill or pea Arm Shank Tripping palm


The anchors on the bow are known as _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Bower anchor Kedge anchors Spare anchors Stream anchors


Which type of link is generally used to connect shots (shackle) of anchor chain? (a) (b) (c) (d) Detachable Open Pear shaped Stud link


The use of an anchor to assist in turning in restricted waters is ___________ (a) (b) (c) (d) A last resort Good seaman ship The sign of a novice ship handler To be used only with a single-screw vessel


The anchor chain should be kept moderately taut during a Mediterranean moor to __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Facilitate speed of recovery during the weighing progress Indicate the anchors location to passing or mooring ships Prevent damage to the stern in the event of a headwind Provide a steady platform for the gangway between the fantail and pier


The best method of determining if a vessel is dragging anchor is note_________ (a) (b) (c) (d) The amount of line paid out How much the vessel sheers while at anchor Any change in the tautness of the anchor chain Changes in bearing of fixes objects onshore


If your vessel is dragging her anchor in a strong wind, you should __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Shorten the scope of anchor cable Increase scope of anchor cable Put over the sea anchor Put over a stern anchor


The best method of stop a vessel from dragging anchor in a sand bottom is to _________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Reduce the length of the cable Pay out more anchor cable Back the engines Swing the rudder several times to work the anchor into the bottom.


Generally speaking, the most favorable bottom for anchoring is __________ (a) Very soft mud (b) Rocky (c) A mixture of mud and clay


Lifting the anchor from the bottom is called ______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Broaching the anchor Shifting the anchor Walking the anchor Weighing the anchor


How many fathoms are in a shot (shackle) of anchor cable? (a) (b) (c) (d) 6 15 20 30


What is meant by veering the anchor chain? (a) (b) (c) (d) Bringing the anchor to short stay Heaving in all the chain Locking the windlass to prevent more chain from running out Paying out more chain


Forty-five fathoms is marked on the anchor chain by _____________ (a) One turn of wire on the first stud from each side of the detachable link (b) Two turn of wire on the second stud from each side of the detachable link (c) Three turn of wire on the third stud from each side of the detachable link

(d) Four turn of wire on the fourth stud from each side of the detachable link Q23. The marking on an anchor chain for 30 fathom is _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Q24. Two links on each side of the 30 fathoms detachable link are painted white One link on each side of the 30 fathom detachable link is painted white Three links on each side of the 30 fathom detachable link are painted white Only the detachable link is painted red.

How many turns of wire normally mark either side of the shackle 45 fathoms from the anchor? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 3 2 4


How is the size of chain determined? (a) (b) (c) (d) Length of link in inches Diameter of material in link in inches Links per fathom Weigh of stud cable in pounds


Which is NOT part of an anchor? (a) (b) (c) (d) Bill Devils claw Palm Crown


The purpose of a devils claw is to _______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Act as a chain stopper Prevent the windlass from engaging Prevent the chain from fouling on deck Control the wildcat


The sprocket wheel in a windlass, used for heaving the anchor, is called a ___________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Capstan Dog wheel Fairlead Wildcat


The length of a standard shot (shackle) of chain is _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) 12 fathoms 15 fathoms 18 fathoms 20 fathoms


One shot (shackle) of anchor chain is equal to how many feet (meters)? (a) (b) (c) (d) 6 (1.8 meters) 15 (4.6 meters) 45 (13.7 meters) 90 (27.4 meters)


When anchoring, it is common rule of thumb to use a length of chain _________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Five to seven times the depth of water Seven to ten times the depth of water Twice the depth of water Twice the depth of water plus the range of tide.


In bad weather, what length of chain should be used with a single anchor? (a) (b) (c) (d) 3 times the depth of water 6 times the depth of water 10 times the depth of water 15 times the depth of water


By paying out more anchor cable, you _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Decrease the holding power of your anchor Decrease the swing of your vessel while at anchor Increase the possibility that your vessel will drag anchor Increase the holding power of your anchor


Using a scope of five, determine how many feet of chain you should put out to anchor in 12 fathoms Of water (a) (b) (c) (d) 60 feet (18 mts) 72 feet (22 mts) 360 feet ( 110 mts ) 450 feet (137 mts )


To safely anchor a vessel there must be sufficient scope in the anchor cable. Scope is the ratio of_ (a) (b) (c) (d) Weight of cable to weight of vessel Weight opf cable to weight of anchor Length of anchor to depth of water Length of cable to depth of water


Using a scope of 6, how much cable would have to be used in order to anchor in 24 feet ogf water? (a) (b) (c) (d) 4 feet 18 feet 30 feet 144 feet


In moderate wind and current what should be the length of chain with a single anchor? (a) 5 times the depth of water in good holing ground

(b) 10 times the depth of water in shallow water (c) 2 times the depth of water in poor holding ground (d) 8 times the depth of water in deep water Q38. When anchoring a vessel under normal condition, which scope of chain is recommended? (a) (b) (c) (d) Q39. Four times the depth of water Two and one-half times the depth of water Five to seven the depth of water Fifteen times the depth of water

What is the normal length of anchor cable used to anchor a vessel? (a) (b) (c) (d) An amount equal to the depth of the water Two times the depth of water Three to four times the depth of water Five to seven times the depth of water


When steaming through an anchorage, a ship master should ___________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Avoid crossing close astern of the anchored ship Avoid crossing close ahead of the anchored ship Keep the ship moving at a good speed to reduce set Transit only on a flood tide


While anchoring your vessel, the best time to let go the anchor is when the vessel is ________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Dead in the water Moving slowly astern over the ground Moving fast ahead over the ground Moving fast astern over the ground


When preparing to hoist the anchor, you should _____(a) (b) (c) (d) Engage the wildcat Put the brake in the off position Take off the chain stopper Take the riding pawl off the chain


When weighing anchor in rough sea, how would you avoid risk of damaging the bow plating? (a) (b) (c) (d) Heave at home as fast as you can Heave it home intermittently, between swells Leave the anchor under foot, until the vessel may be brought before the sea. Wait foe a calm spot between seas, then house it


Mooring with two bow anchors has which major advantage over anchoring with one bow anchor? (a) (b) (c) (d) The vessel will not reverse direction in a tidal current The radius of the vessels swing will be shortened A mooring approach may be made from any direction The vessel will not swing with a change in wind.


Your vessel is anchored in an opened road stead with three shots (shackle) of chain out on the port Anchor. The wind freshens considerably and the anchor begins to drag. Which action should you Take first? (a) Drop the starboard anchor short with about one shot (shackle) of chain (b) Sheer out to starboard using the rudder, then drop the starboard anchor with about for shots (shackle)s of chain (c) Put the engines slow ahead to help the anchor (d) Veer out more chain on the port anchor


Which is the correct procedure for anchoring a small to medium size vessel in deep water? (a) Let the anchor fall free from the hawse pipe, but apply the brake at intervals to check the rate of fall (b) Back the anchor slowly out of the hawse pipe a few feet, and then let it fall in normal fashion (c) Let the anchor fall off the brake right from the hawse pipe, but keep a slight strain on the brake (d) Under power, back the anchor out until it is near, but clear, of the bottom before letting it fall


When attempting to free an anchor jammed in the hawse pipe, the simplest method of freeing it may Be _____________________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Starting the disengaged windlass at high speed Rigging a bull rope to pill it out To grease the hawse pipe To pry t loose with a short piece of pipe


Before letting the anchor go, you should check that the _______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Chain is clear Anchor is clear of obstructions Wildcat is disengaged All of the above


When anchoring a vessel, it is best to release the anchor when _______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) gong full astern going full ahead Going slow astern Dead in the water


When anchoring in a current, you should ______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Drop the anchor with the bow headed downstream Back your vessel into the current Anchor while stemming the current All of the above


When anchoring in calm water, it is best to ______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Maintain slight headway when letting go the anchor Wait until the vessel dead in the water before letting go the anchor Have slight stem way on the vessel while letting go the anchor Let the anchor go from the stern with the anchor cable leading from the bow


The easiest way to anchor a vessel in a current is to ____________ (a) Stem the current and make very slow headway when the anchor is dropped (b) Stem the current and be falling aft very slowly when the anchor is dropped (c) Stem the current and endeavor to make neither headway nor stem way when the anchor is dropped (d) Stop all headway through the water and keep the current astern when the anchor is dropped


A sufficient amount of chain must be veered when anchoring a vessel to ensure_________ . (a) (b) (c) (d) The vessel has enough room to swing while at anchor The anchor flukes bite into the ocean bottom There is sufficient weight from the anchor and chain prevent dragging There is more chain out than there is in the chain locker


If you shorten the scope of anchor cable, your anchors holding power _______________(a) (b) (c) (d) Decreases Increase Remain the same Has no relation to the scope


In determining the scope of cable to be used when anchoring. What would not be considered? (a) (b) (c) (d) Depth of the water Character of the holding ground Maintenance cost for the chain Type of anchor cable


When anchored, increasing the scope of the anchor chain normally serves to _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Prevent fouling of the anchor Decreases swing of the vessel Prevent dragging of the anchor Reduce strain on the windlass


You are riding to a single anchor. The vessel is yawing excessively. Which action should be taken To reduce the yawing? (a) (b) (c) (d) Veer chain to the riding anchor Heave to a shorter scope of chain on the riding anchor Drop the second anchor at th4e extreme end of the yaw and veer the riding anchor Drop the second anchor at the extreme end of the yaw, then adjust the cables until the scope is equal.


You are anchoring in 16 fathoms of water. On a small to medium size vessel, the __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Anchor may be dropped from the hawse pipe Anchor should be lowered to within two fathoms of the bottom before being dropped Scope should always be at least ten times the depth of the water Scope should always be less than five times the depth of the water


You have anchored in a mud and clay bottom. The anchor appears to be dragging in a storm. What action should you take? (a) (b) (c) (d) Shorten the scope of the cable Veer cable to the anchor Drop the other anchor underfoot Drop the second anchor; veer to a scope, then weigh the first anchor.


When anchoring in a calm bottom, what is one hazard that may caused the anchor to drag? (a) (b) (c) (d) The flukes may dig in unevenly and capsize the anchor when under stress The flukes may not dig in The anchor may get shod with clay and not develop full holding power The anchor will tend to dig in and come to rest near the vertical


A design modification of an anchor chain which prevents kinking is the _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Detachable link Stud link Kenter link Connection link


The part of a windlass which physically engages the chain during hauling or paying out is the ___ (a) (b) (c) (d) Devils claw Bull gear Wildcat Cat head


An example of an anchor which has a stock is a ___________________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Bruce anchor Dunn anchor Hook anchor LWT anchor


Which part of an anchor actually digs into the bottom? (a) (b) (c) (d) Stock Fluke Shank Crown


An example of a modern anchor which has a stock is a (n) _______________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Articulated anchor Flipper delta anchor Baldt anchor Dan forth anchor


When a small crafts anchor fouls in a rocky bottom, the first attempt to clear it should be made by (a) Hauling vertically on the line

(b) Making the line fast to the bitt and bringing the vessel further forward (c) Reversing the angle and direction of pull, with moderate scope (d) Increasing the scope and running slowly in a wide circle with the anchor line taut Q67. When using a Mediterranean Moor, the vessel is moored with her ___________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Q68. Bow to the pier Anchors crossed Anchor chains forward, side to the pier. Stern to the pier

The angle at which the anchor flukes penetrate the soil is the __________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Burial angle Penetration angle Fluke angle Holding angle


When using the anchor to steady the bow while approaching a dock you must aware of the fact that (a) The vessel will tend to take a large sheer towards the side where the anchor is down. (b) Steering control is ineffective in trying to turn to the side opposite to that of the anchor being used. (c) The anchor cable must never lead under the hull. (d) Using an offshore anchor decreases the chances of the anchor holding.


You are using the anchor to steady the bow while maneuvering. You have the proper scope of Anchor cable when the ________________ . (a) (b) (c) (d) Bow is held in position with the engines coming slowly ahead. Anchor is just touching the bottom. Scope is not more than 5 times the depth of the water Cable enters the water at an angle between 60deg to 85deg from the horizontal.


The holding power of an anchor at a given scope of cable increases when the _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Amount of chain lying along the bottom increases. Length of the catenary is reduced. Mooring line tension is increased. Amount of chain lying along the bottom decreases.


When inspecting ground tackle, fractures are most frequently found in the ___________ (a) (b) (c) (d) Anchor shank. End link. Swivel. Fluke.


Conventional anchors are least likely to hold in a bottom consisting of _____________ (a) Soft clay (b) Hard mud (c) Sand

(d) Rock. Q74. The-nest-to-last shot (shackle) of an anchor cable is usually painted _____________ (a) (b) (c) (d) White International orange. Yellow Red.