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PSTN Protocol

Siemens

1 PSTN Protocol

Contents
1 PSTN Protocol 1 1 PSTN Protocol Message Types...................................................................3 2 PSTN Protocol Information Elements.........................................................13 3 PSTN Protocol Message Flow....................................................................32

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PSTN Protocol

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PSTN Protocol Message Types

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PSTN Protocol

Message Type: ESTABLISH Direction: Both

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type 'ine#information (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence ,a$ence$#ringing P*lse$#signal Stea$y#signal

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& (N to 'E 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N %ot&

Type M M M ) ) ) ) )

Length 1 2 1 1 1 3 3 to 3

Fig. 1 EST(%'IS. message content

T&e EST(%'IS. message s&all /e *se$ as an in$ication of eit&er an originating or terminating pat& re+*est.

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Message Type: ESTABLISH ACK Direction: Both

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence P*lse$#signal Stea$y#signal

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& 'E to (N %ot& %ot&

Type M M M ) ) )

Length 1 2 1 1 3 to 3

Fig. 2 EST(%'IS. (,0 message content

T&e EST(%'IS. (,0 message s&all /e *se$ to ac1nowle$ge t&at t&e re+*este$ action &as /een performe$ /y t&e entity.

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PSTN Protocol

Message Type: SIG AL Direction: Both

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type Se+*ence#n*m/er P*lse notification (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence Se+*ence#response ,a$ence$#ringing P*lse$#signal Stea$y#signal 2igit#signal 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le
Fig. 3 SI"N(' message content

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& %ot& (N to 'E 'E to (N (N to 'E 'E to (N %ot& %ot& %ot& (N to 'E

Type Length M M M M ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 to 5

!A" I G #TE: #nly one optional information element shall $e containe% in the message an% shall $e han%le% as man%atory information element&

T&e SI"N(' message s&all /e *se$ to con4ey t&e PSTN line con$itions to t&e 'E6 or to instr*ct t&e (N to esta/lis& specific line con$itions.

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Message Type: SIG AL ACK Direction: Both

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type Se+*ence#n*m/er

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& %ot&

Type M M M M

Length 1 2 1 3

Fig.

SI"N(' (,0 message content

T&e SI"N(' (,0 message s&all /e *se$ to ac1nowle$ge SI"N(' an$ P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 messages.

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PSTN Protocol

Message Type: STAT'S Direction: A to LE

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type State ,a*se

Direction (N to 'E (N to 'E (N to 'E (N to 'E (N to 'E

Type M M M M M

Length 1 2 1 1 3 to -

Fig. - ST(T!S message content

T&e ST(T!S message s&all /e *se$ to in$icate t&e stat*s of t&e 7- PSTN protocol entity in t&e (N. T&is message s&all /e sent eit&er on re+*est /y a ST(T!S EN8!I39 message from t&e 'E or w&en t&e (N recei4es an *ne:pecte$ message from t&e 'E.

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Message Type: STAT'S E ('I") Direction: LE to A

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type

Direction 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N

Type M M M

Length 1 2 1

Fig. ; ST(T!S EN8!I39 message content

T&e ST(T!S EN8!I39 message s&all /e *se$ to re+*est t&e stat*s of t&e 7PSTN protocol entity in t&e (N.

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PSTN Protocol

Message Type: DISC# Direction: Both

ECT

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type Stea$y#signal

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& %ot&

Type M M M )

Length 1 2 1 3

Fig. < 2IS,)NNE,T message content

T&e 2IS,)NNE,T message s&all /e *se$ to in$icate t&at t&ere is no call acti4ity an$ t&at t&e protocol entity in t&e (N can ret*rn to t&e N!'' state or it s&all /e *se$ /y t&e (N to in$icate t&at t&e pat& s&all /e release$.

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Message Type: DISC# Direction: Both

ECT C#M*LETE

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type Stea$y#signal

Direction %ot& %ot& %ot& 'E to (N

Type M M M )

Length 1 2 1 3

Fig. 5 2IS,)NNE,T ,)MP'ETE message content

T&is message s&all /e *se$ to ac1nowle$ge t&at t&e re+*este$ action &as /een performe$ /y t&e entity.

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PSTN Protocol

Message Type: *"#T#C#L *A"AMETE" Direction: LE to A

Information element Protocol $iscriminator 'ayer 3 a$$ress Message type Se+*ence#n*m/er 3ecognition#time Ena/le#a*tonomo*s# ac1nowle$ge 2isa/le#a*tonomo*s# ac1nowle$ge

Direction 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N 'E to (N

Type M M M M ) ) )

Length 1 2 1 3 to ; 3

Fig. = P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 message content

!A" I G N)TE> (t least one optional information element s&all /e containe$ in t&e message. It is only allowe$ to &a4e one of eac& information element in t&e message. W&en pro4i$e$ t&ese information elements s&all /e &an$le$ as man$atory information elements. T&e P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 message s&all /e *se$ /y t&e 'E to c&ange a protocol parameter in t&e (N.

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PSTN Protocol Information Elements

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PSTN Protocol

T&e p*rpose of t&e P*lse#notification information element is to in$icate to t&e 'E t&at a certain p*lse at t&e PSTN *ser port re+*este$ /y t&e 'E &as finis&e$. T&e P*lse#notification information element $oes not contain any specific i$entification to in$icate w&ic& p*lse &as finis&e$. It is *n$erstoo$ t&at t&e transmission of t&is information element s&all /e t&e res*lt of t&e last re+*est in a P*lse$#signal information element or in a $igit signal information element from t&e 'E as1ing t&e (N for notification.

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Meaning )1tet 1

Fig. 10 P*lse#notification information element

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Bits +,-./012 10000000 10000001 10000010 10000011 10000100

Meaning Impe$ance mar1er reset Impe$ance mar1er set 'ow loop impe$ance (nomalo*s loop impe$ance (nomalo*s line con$ition recei4e$ N)TE> (ll ot&er 4al*es are reser4e$.

Fig. 11 ,o$ing of parameter line information

T&e p*rpose of t&e 'ine#information information element is to transmit specific information on t&e s*/scri/er line stat*s from (N to 'E w&ilst t&ere is no signaling pat&.

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PSTN Protocol

T&e p*rpose of t&e State information element is to in$icate to t&e 'E t&e state of t&e PSTN signaling protocol entity in t&e (N w&en re+*este$ /y t&e 'E.

Bits +,-./012 10010000

Meaning

#3t of ser4ice state 5A 67: t&is state s&all /e entere$ w&en t&e restart proce$*re &as /een initiate$ /y t&e system management an$ is applica/le to all PSTN ports sim*ltaneo*sly. 3ll state 5A 27: t&e port is inacti4e an$ t&ere is no call in progress. T&is s&all /e t&e rest state for t&e port interface. W&en t&e PSTN protocol entity in t&e (N ret*rns to t&e N!'' state6 it s&all /e capa/le to $etect an$ report a ?may /e alrea$y present@ s*/scri/er seiA*re. *ath initiate% $y A state 5A 17: a seiA*re &as /een $etecte$ wit&in t&e (N an$ an EST(%'IS. message &as /een sent to t&e 'E. T&e (N is now waiting for a EST(%'IS.#(,0 /ac1 from t&e 'E. In t&e e4ent of no response from t&e 'E6 for e:ample in t&e case of an 'E o4erloa$6 t&e EST(%'IS. message will /e repeate$ at a low repetition rate ?Timer T1@. ,all collision resol*tion s&all /e ac&ie4e$ /y t&e (N an$ 'E $*ring t&is p&ase of t&e call. *ath a$ort re83est state 5A 07: EST(%'IS. message was sent to t&e 'E /*t no EST(%'IS.#(,0 &as yet /een recei4e$. T&e s*/scri/er &as release$ ?e.g. on#&oo1@. T&is state s&all /e *se$ to reg*late t&e n*m/er of EST(%'IS. messages t&at may /e sent to t&e possi/ly o4erloa$e$ 'E6 if t&e port is seiAe$ again. (fter a g*ar$ perio$ t&e (N will go /ac1 to t&e N!'' state. Line information state 5A /7: t&is state s&all only /e entere$ into w&ilst a line information from t&e PSTN port is /eing processe$ /y t&e 'E. T&is state may only /e entere$ or e:ite$ fromBto t&e N!'' state. *ath acti4e 5A .7: t&e acti4e state s&all /e t&e state $*ring w&ic& normal PSTN signalling f*nctions are acti4e for t&at port. 2*ring t&is state a *ser may procee$ wit& call esta/lis&ment6 comm*nication or call clearing. *ort $loc9e% state 5A -7: t&is state can /e entere$ from any state. )nce entere$6 t&e only state t&at t&e port may procee$ to s&all /e t&e N!'' state w&en t&e port is again a4aila/le for ser4ice. )nce t&e /loc1e$ state &as /een entere$ all call acti4ity for t&at port s&all /e &alte$ an$ t&e port may /e $eacti4ate$6 e.g. power $own. Disconnect re83est state 5A ,7: t&e (N re+*ests t&e 'E to $isconnect t&e pat&. T&is state s&all /e e:ite$ w&en t&e 'E &as s*ccessf*lly ac1nowle$ge$ t&e 2IS,)NNE,T. If t&is $oes not &appen6 t&e maintenance entity s&all /e informe$. reser4e$

10010001

10010010

10010011

10010100

10010101

10010110

10010111

10011111

Fig. 12 State information element

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Siemens

T&e p*rpose of t&e (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence information element is to in$icate to t&e (N6 t&at it &as to start a partic*lar ?pre#$efine$@ signaling se+*ence a*tonomo*sly. T&e (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e 'E to t&e (N only. T&e signaling se+*ence to /e starte$ s&all /e in$icate$ /y t&e se+*ence type.

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 1 0 1 0 C C C C

Meaning Se+*ence type

Fig. 13 (*tonomo*s#signaling#se+*ence information element

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PSTN Protocol

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 1 0 1 1 C C C C

Meaning Se+*ence#response type

Fig. 1 Se+*ence#response information element

T&e p*rpose of t&e Se+*ence#response information element is to gi4e a response /ac1 to t&e 'E a/o*t t&e res*lt of t&e signaling se+*ence. T&e Se+*ence#response information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e (N to t&e 'E only. T&e Se+*ence#response type in$icates a partic*lar ?pre#$efine$@ response 4al*e. T&e Se+*ence#response type s&all /e co$e$ in /inary.

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Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of Se+*ence#n*m/er content Se+*ence n*m/er

Fig. 1- Se+*ence#n*m/er information element

T&e p*rpose of t&e Se+*ence#n*m/er information element is to comm*nicate a se+*ence n*m/er to t&e peer entity. T&e Se+*ence#n*m/er information element may /e sent in /ot& $irections6 from t&e 'E to t&e (N or 4ice#4ersa. T&e Se+*ence# n*m/er information element s&all /e man$atory for SI"N('6 P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 an$ SI"N(' (,0 messages an$ is not allowe$ in ot&er messages. T&e lengt& of t&e Se+*ence#n*m/er information element s&all always /e 3 octets. In SI"N(' an$ P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 messages t&e se+*ence n*m/er contains t&e sen$ se+*ence n*m/er M?S@ an$ in SI"N(' (,0 messages t&e se+*ence n*m/er contains t&e recei4e se+*ence n*m/er M?3@.

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PSTN Protocol

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of ,a$ence$#ringing content ,a$ence$#ringing type

Fig. 1; ,a$ence$#ringing information element

T&e p*rpose of t&e ,a$ence$#ringing information element is to in$icate to t&e (N t&at ringing wit& a certain pre#$efine$ ca$ence$#ringing type s&all /e starte$ at t&e PSTN *ser port. T&e ca$ence$#ringing type s&all /e co$e$ in /inary. T&e ,a$ence# ringing information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e 'E to t&e (N only.

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T&e p*rpose of t&e P*lse$#signal information element sent from 'E to (N is to in$icate to t&e (N t&at a certain p*lse$ signal s&all /e acti4ate$ at t&e PSTN *ser port. T&e $*ration of t&at p*lse$ signal s&all /e in$icate$ /y p*lse $*ration type. T&e p*lse $*ration type points to a pre#$efine$ $escription w&ic& e.g. consists of t&e time for t&e p*lse in total an$ t&e $*ty cycle. T&e s*ppression in$icator allows t&e 'E to in$icate to t&e (N w&et&er t&e ongoing p*lse$ signal s&all /e s*ppresse$. T&e ac1nowle$ge re+*est in$icator allows t&e 'E to re+*est t&at t&e (N notify t&at a p*lse$ signal &as eit&er /eg*n6 en$e$ or one of a se+*ence of p*lses &as en$e$. T&e N*m/er of p*lses fiel$ contains a n*m/er co$e$ in /inary w&ic& in$icates D&ow many p*lsesD s&all /e sent. T&e 4al*e 0 is in4ali$. T&e lengt& of t&e P*lse$#signal information element may 4ary from 3 to - octets. If t&e P*lse$#signal information element is sent from t&e (N to t&e 'E it correspon$s to a p*lse$ signal at t&e PSTN *ser port generate$ /y t&e s*/scri/erEs e+*ipment.

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PSTN Protocol

Bits +,-./012

Meaning

00000010 )1tet 1 C C C C C C C C 'engt& of P*lse$#signal content P*lse type C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 P*lse$ normal polarity C 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 P*lse$ re4erse$ polarity C 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 P*lse$ /attery on c#wire C 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 P*lse$ on &oo1 C 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 P*lse$ re$*ce$ /attery C 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 P*lse$ no /attery C 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 Initial ring C 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 Meter p*lse C 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 -0 .A p*lse C 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 3egister recall ?time$ loop open@ C 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 P*lse$ off &oo1 ?p*lse$ loop close$@ C 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 P*lse$ /#wire connecte$ to eart& C 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 Eart& loop p*lse C 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 P*lse$ /#wire connecte$ to /attery C 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 P*lse$ a#wire connecte$ to eart& C 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 P*lse$ a#wire connecte$ to /attery C 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 P*lse$ c#wire connecte$ to eart& C 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 P*lse$ c#wire $isconnecte$ C 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 P*lse$ normal /attery C 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 P*lse$ a#wire $isconnecte$ C 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 P*lse$ /#wire $isconnecte$ 099CCCC S*ppression in$icator 99 P*lse $*ration type CCCC 00 No s*ppression 01 S*ppression allowe$ /y pre#$efine$ 7-.1 SI"N('allowe$ message 'E line 10 S*ppression /y from pre#$efine$ signal from TE 11 S*ppression allowe$ /y pre#$efine$ 7-.1 SI"N(' message from 'E or pre# N*m/er of p*lses CCCCC (c1nowle$ge re+*est in$icator 99 00 No ac1nowle$gement re+*este$ 01 En$ing ac1nowle$gement re+*este$ finis&e$ eac& p*lse re+*este$ 10 w&en En$ing ac1nowle$gement w&enof finis&e$ all p*lses 11 Start p*lse ac1nowle$gement re+*este$

199CCCCC

Fig. 1< P*lse$#signal information element

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Siemens

T&e p*rpose of t&e Stea$y#signal information element is eit&er to in$icate to t&e (N t&at a certain stea$y signal s&all /e acti4ate$ at t&e PSTN *ser port ?generate$ /y t&e (N@ or t&at a partic*lar stea$y signal transmitte$ /y t&e s*/scri/erEs e+*ipment &as /een $etecte$ at t&e PSTN *ser port w&ic& s&all /e reporte$ to t&e 'E.

Bits Meaning +,-./012 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 )1tet 1 C C C C C C C C 'engt& of Stea$y#signal content Stea$y#signal type 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Normal polarity 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3e4erse$ polarity 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 %attery on c#wire 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 No /attery on c#wire 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 )ff &oo1 ?loop close$@ 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 )n &oo1 ?loop open@ 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 %attery on a#wire 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 (#wire on eart& 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 No /attery on a#wire 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 No /attery on /#wire 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 3e$*ce$ /attery 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 No /attery 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 (lternate re$*ce$ power B no power 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 Normal /attery 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 Stop ringing 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 Start pilot fre+*ency 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 Stop pilot fre+*ency 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 'ow impe$ance on /#wire 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 %#wire connecte$ to eart& 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 %#wire $isconnecte$ from eart& 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 %attery on /#wire 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 'ow loop impe$ance 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 .ig& loop impe$ance 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 (nomalo*s loop impe$ance 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 (#wire $isconnecte$ from eart& 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 ,#wire on eart& 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 ,#wire $isconnecte$ from eart&
Fig. 15 Stea$y#signal information element

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PSTN Protocol

T&e p*rpose of t&e 2igit#signal information element is eit&er to in$icate to t&e (N t&at a certain $igit s&all /e sent to t&e s*/scri/ers e+*ipment or t&at a partic*lar $igit transmitte$ /y t&e s*/scri/ers e+*ipment &as /een $etecte$ at t&e PSTN *ser port. Wit&in t&e $igit information fiel$ t&e n*m/er of p*lses recei4e$ /y (N or re+*ire$ to /e sent /y (N6 co$e$ in /inary6 s&all /e transmitte$. T&e co$e wit& /its 1 to all set to FE3) is in4ali$. T&e $igit ac1nowle$ge re+*est in$icator fiel$ allows t&e 'E to re+*est t&e (N to in$icate t&e en$ing of t&e transmission of a $igit to t&e *ser port. In t&e (N to 'E $irection t&is /it s&all always /e set to FE3).

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 C C C C C C C C 1 9 F F C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of 2igit#Signal content 2igit (c1n. 3e+*est In$icator 9 0 No en$ing ac1nowle$gement re+*este$ 1 En$ing ac1nowle$gement re+*este$ w&en $igit transmission is finis&e$ Spare FF 2igit Information CCCC

Fig. 1= 2igit#signal information element

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Siemens

T&e p*rpose of t&e 3ecognition#time information element is to in$icate to t&e (N t&at t&e recognition time of a certain signal &as to /e *p$ate$. T&e 3ecognition#time information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e 'E to t&e (N only. In t&e Signal fiel$ all co$ings of signals as specifie$ ?stea$y#signal or p*lse$#signal@ s&all /e 4ali$. T&e $*ration type fiel$ contains an in$e: into a pre#$efine$ ta/le wit&in t&e (N. T&e ta/le s&all contain t&e act*al 4al*e of t&e $*ration of t&e recognition time. T&e act*al 4al*e s&all /e t&e time t&e signal s&all stay acti4e /efore /eing recogniAe$.

Bits + ,- ./ 01 2 0 00 10 00 0 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C 1 0 C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of 3ecognition#time content Signal 2*ration type

Fig. 20 3ecognition#time information element

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PSTN Protocol

T&e p*rpose of t&e Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element is to in$icate to t&e (N t&at t&ere s&all /e an a*tonomo*s response to a partic*lar line signal pro$*ce$ /y t&e s*/scri/ers e+*ipment. T&is s&all /e $one to ens*re t&at t&e reaction to t&at signal will /e in time. T&e Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e 'E to t&e (N only. T&e lengt& of t&e Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element s&all /e octets for stea$y signals or to ; octets for p*lse$ signals. For t&e Signal fiel$ all co$ings of signals as specifie$ s&all /e 4ali$. For t&e 3esponse fiel$ all co$ings of signals as specifie$ s&all /e 4ali$. In case t&e response is a p*lse$ signal t&e same r*les apply to t&e p*lse $*ration type6 s*ppression in$icator6 ac1nowle$ge re+*est in$icator an$ n*m/er of p*lses fiel$ as specifie$ for t&e P*lse$#signal information element.

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Siemens

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge content Signal 3esponse

Fig. 21 Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element ?response is a stea$y signal@

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C 1 9 9 C C C C C 1 9 9 C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge content Signal 3esponse S*ppression in$icator 99 (c1nowle$ge re+*est in$icator 99 P*lse $*ration type CCCCC N*m/er of p*lses CCCCC

Fig. 22 Ena/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element ?response is a p*lse$ signal@

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Siemens

PSTN Protocol

T&e p*rpose of t&e 2isa/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element is to in$icate to t&e (N t&at a pre4io*sly ena/le$ a*tonomo*s ac1nowle$ge &as to /e $isa/le$. T&e 2isa/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e 'E to t&e (N only.

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 C C C C C C C C 1 C C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of 2isa/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge content Signal

Fig. 23 2isa/le#a*tonomo*s#ac1nowle$ge information element

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PSTN Protocol

Siemens

T&e p*rpose of t&e ,a*se information element is to report to t&e 'E t&e error con$ition in t&e (N. T&e ,a*se information element s&all /e sent in messages from t&e (N to t&e 'E only. T&e ,a*se information element for some ca*se types s&all incl*$e a $iagnostic fiel$ in or$er to pro4i$e a$$itional information relate$ to t&ese ca*se 4al*es. T&is $iagnostic fiel$ s&all consist of one or two octets6 w&en present6 s&all /e a copy of t&e recei4e$ message type i$entifier t&at &as triggere$ t&e sen$ing of t&e message containing t&e ca*se an$6 w&en nee$e$6 t&e rele4ant information element i$entifier wit&in t&at message.

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Siemens

PSTN Protocol

Bits +,-./012 00010011

Meaning )1tet 1 ,a*se type

C C C C C C C C 'engt& of ,a*se content 10000000 10000001 10000011 10000100 10000101 10000110 10000111 10001000 10001001 10001010 10001011 10001100 10001101 3esponse to ST(T!S EN8!I39 Protocol $iscriminator error '3 a$$ress error Message type *nrecogniAe$ )*t of se+*ence information element 3epeate$ optional information element Man$atory information element missing !nrecogniAe$ information element Man$atory information element content error )ptional information element content error Message not compati/le wit& pat& state 3epeate$ man$atory information element Too many information elements

0 C C C C C C C 2iagnostic ?message type i$entifier@ C C C C C C C C 2iagnostic ?information element i$entifier@


Fig. 2 ,a*se information element

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PSTN Protocol

Siemens

T&e p*rpose of t&e 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le information element is to in$icate to t&e 'E t&at t&e partic*lar reso*rce w&ic& &a$ /een re+*este$ /y t&at information element copie$ into t&e ret*rne$ 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le information element is not a4aila/le. T&e 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le information element s&all /e sent in SI"N(' messages from t&e (N to t&e 'E only. T&e lengt& of t&e 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le information element $epen$s on t&e lengt& of t&e information element ret*rne$. T&erefore it may 4ary /etween 3 an$ 5 octets. T&e copy fiel$ contains t&e copy of t&at information element for w&ic& t&e re+*este$ action co*l$ not /e performe$ $*e to t&e *na4aila/ility of reso*rces.

Bits + , - . / 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 C C C C C C C C

Meaning )1tet 1 'engt& of reso*rce *na4aila/le content ,opy of information element wit& faile$ re+*est

Fig. 2- 3eso*rce#*na4aila/le information element

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Siemens

PSTN Protocol

PSTN Protocol Message Flow

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PSTN Protocol

Siemens

3.1
3.1.1

Message Flows for V .1


Message Flows for !ial P"lse S"#scri#ers
(#si$e (N 'E (N

off#&oo1 2ial p*lse $igits

Esta/lis& ?Stea$y#off#&oo1@ Esta/lis& (c1nowle$ge Signal ?2igit Signal@ Signal ?2igit Signal@ Signal ?2igit Signal@ Signal (c1nowle$e Signal ?2igit Signal@

Esta/lis& ?,a$ence 3inging@ Esta/lis& (c1nowle$ge Signal ?Stea$y off#&oo1@ Signal ?Stea$y on#&oo1@ 2isconnect 2isconnect ,omplete off#&oo1

Signal (c1nowle$ge

Signal ?Stea$y on#&oo1@ on#&oo1 2isconnect 2isconnect ,omplete

on#&oo1

Fig. 2; Message flows for $ial p*lse s*/scri/ers ?o4er4iew@

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Siemens

PSTN Protocol

3.1.2

Message Flows for !TMF S"#scri#ers


(#si$e (N 'E (N

off#&oo1 2TMF $igits

Esta/lis& ?Stea$y#off#&oo1@ Esta/lis& (c1nowle$ge Esta/lis& ?,a$ence 3inging@ Esta/lis& (c1nowle$ge Signal ?Stea$y off#&oo1@ Signal (c1nowle$ge Signal ?Stea$y on#&oo1@

%#si$e

off#&oo1

on#&oo1
Signal ?Stea$y on#&oo1@

on#&oo1

2isconnect 2isconnect 2isconnect ,omplete 2isconnect ,omplete

Fig. 2< Message flows for 2TMF s*/scri/ers ?o4er4iew@

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PSTN Protocol

Siemens

3.2

Message Flows for V .2


(#(N
EST(%'IS.?off .oo1@ EST(%'IS. (,0 (''),(TI)N (''),(TI)N ,)MP'ETE P3)T),)' P(3(METE3 2ial tone SI"N(' SI"N('G(,0 SI"N(' SI"N('G(,0 (''),(TI)N (''),(TI)N ,)MP'ETE EST(%'IS.?,(2. 3inging@ EST(%'IS. (,0 SI"N(' ?off &oo1@ SI"N(' ?on &oo1@ 2E(''),(TI)N 2IS,)NNE,T 2E(''),(TI)NG,)MP'ETE 2IS,)NNE,TG,)MP'ETE

'E

%#(N

(223ESSG,)MP'ETE 3ing tone SI"N('?(nswer@

Fig. 25 PSTN call set*p

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