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Stands for "World Wide Web." It is important to know that this is not a synonym for the Internet.

The
World Wide Web, or just "the Web," as ordinary people call it, is a subset of the Internet. The Web
consists of pages that can be accessed using a Web browser. The Internet is the actual network of
networks where all the information resides. Things like Telnet, FTP, Internet gaming, Internet Relay Chat
(IRC), and e-mail are all part of the Internet, but are not part of the World Wide Web. The Hyper-Text
Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the method used to transfer Web pages to your computer. With hypertext, a
word or phrase can contain a link to another Web site. All Web pages are written in the hyper-text
markup language (HTML), which works in conjunction with HTTP.

Function
The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used in every-day speech without much distinction. However, the
Internet and the World Wide Web are not one and the same. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer
networks. In contrast, the Web is one of the services that runs on the Internet. It is a collection of interconnected
documents and other resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs. In short, the Web is an application running on the
Internet.[15] Viewing a Web page on the World Wide Web normally begins either by typing the URL of the page into a
web browser, or by following a hyperlink to that page or resource. The web browser then initiates a series of
communication messages, behind the scenes, in order to fetch and display it.

First, the server-name portion of the URL is resolved into an IP address using the global, distributed Internet database
known as the domain name system, or DNS. This IP address is necessary to contact the Web server. The browser then
requests the resource by sending an HTTP request to the Web server at that particular address. In the case of a typical
Web page, the HTML text of the page is requested first and parsed immediately by the web browser, which then makes
additional requests for images and any other files that form parts of the page. Statistics measuring a website's
popularity are usually based either on the number of 'page views' or associated server 'hits' (file requests) that take
place.

While receiving these files from the Web server, browsers may progressively render the page onto the screen as specified
by its HTML, CSS, and other Web languages. Any images and other resources are incorporated to produce the on-
screen Web page that the user sees. Most Web pages will themselves contain hyperlinks to other related pages and
perhaps to downloads, source documents, definitions and other Web resources. Such a collection of useful, related
resources, interconnected via hypertext links, is what was dubbed a "web" of information. Making it available on the
Internet created what Tim Berners-Lee first called the WorldWideWeb (in its original CamelCase, which was
subsequently discarded) in November 1990.[1]

Linking
Over time, many Web resources pointed to by hyperlinks disappear, relocate, or are replaced with different content. This
phenomenon is referred to in some circles as "link rot" and the hyperlinks affected by it are often called "dead links".
The ephemeral nature of the Web has prompted many efforts to archive Web sites. The Internet Archive is one of the
best-known efforts; it has been active since 1996